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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 585-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Bo investigate the regulatory relationship between NKD1 and YWHAE and the mechanism of NKD1 for promoting tumor cell proliferation.@*METHODS@#HCT116 cells transfected with pcDNA3.0-NKD1 plasmid, SW620 cells transfected with NKD1 siRNA, HCT116 cells with stable NKD1 overexpression (HCT116-NKD1 cells), SW620 cells with nkd1knockout (SW620-nkd1-/- cells), and SW620-nkd1-/- cells transfected with pcDNA3.0-YWHAE plasmid were examined for changes in mRNA and protein expression levels of YWHAE using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was used to detect the binding of NKD1 to the promoter region of YWHAE gene. The regulatory effect of NKD1 on YWHAE gene promoter activity was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, and the interaction between NKD1 and YWHAE was analyzed with immunofluorescence assay. The regulatory effect of NKD1 on glucose uptake was examined in the tumor cells.@*RESULTS@#In HCT116 cells, overexpression of NKD1 significantly enhanced the expression of YWHAE at both the mRNA and protein levels, while NKD1 knockout decreased its expression in SW620 cells (P < 0.001). ChIP assay showed that NKD1 protein was capable of binding to the YWHAE promoter sequence; dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that NKD1 overexpression (or knockdown) in the colon cancer cells significantly enhanced (or reduced) the transcriptional activity of YWHAE promoter (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence assay demonstrated the binding of NKD1 and YWHAE proteins in colon cancer cells. NKD1 knockout significantly reduced glucose uptake in colon cancer cells (P < 0.01), while YWHAE overexpression restored the glucose uptake in NKD1-knockout cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NKD1 protein activates the transcriptional activity of YWHAE gene to promote glucose uptake in colon cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms , HCT116 Cells , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , RNA, Messenger , Glucose , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , 14-3-3 Proteins/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 509-512, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708225

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the size of target volume,amplitudes of movements in different directions,movement vector,dose to the diseased lung,whole lung volume,and setup error between free breathing fixation (method A) and four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT)-guided abdominal balloon compression fixation (method B),and to demonstrate that the 4DCT-guided abdominal balloon compression fixation is effective in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods A retrospective analysis was performed among 80 patients with NSCLC in our hospital.In those patients,40 received method A and 40 method B.The GTVfree and GTVpress were delineated on the maximum intensity projection (MIP) images of 10 respiratory phases using method A and method B,respectively.The PTVfree and PTVPress were obtained by expansion of the GTVfree and GTVpress,respectively.The paired t test was used to analyze the differences in the PTV,maximum amplitudes of movements in three dimensions,absolute value of the movement vector (|V|),and volume between method A and method B.The treatment planning system was used to compare the V5,V10,V20,and V30 of the diseased lung and the whole lung volume between method A and method B.All patients underwent cone-beam CT (CBCT) scans after positioning.Setup error was obtained by matching the CBCT images with the MIP images in the XVI system based on bone and grayscale values.Results The PTVfree and PTVpress were (283.2± 12.74) and (201.8± 12.99)cm3,respectively (P=0.002).The maximum amplitudes of movements in the right-left,superior-inferior,and anterior-posterior directions as well as thel V | value were (0.22±0.02),(1.85±0.08),(0.43±0.26),and (1.91±0.27) em,respectively,for method A,and (0.05±0.01),(0.41±0.03),(0.16±0.16),and (0.44±0.16) cm,respectively,for method B (P=0.120,0.001,0.070).The V5,V10,V20,and V30 for the diseased lung and total lung volume were (61.26± 4.27) %,(44.52± 1.70) %,(28.22± 3.13) %,(18.26±5.17)%,and (3556±223.12) cm3,respectively,for method A,and (52.74±4.78)%,(38.76±4.92) %,(23.71 ±4.03) %,(15.54±3.43) %,and (3376±311.65) cm3,respectively,for method B (P =0.001,0.003,0.004,0.021,0.004).There was no significant difference in setup error obtained by the XVI system between the two fixation methods (P>0.05).Conclusions Without increasing setup error,abdominal balloon compression can effectively control the lung movement amplitude,reduce the planning target volume,and reduce the radiation dose to the lung in patients with NSCLC.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 162-165, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513615

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of discontinuance of methimazole (MMI) and propylthiouracil (PTU) on 24 h radioactive iodine uptake(RAIU) in normal rats.Methods A total of 66 female SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by simple random sampling method.MMI group (30 rats) received MMI with a dose of 0.6 mg·ml-1·d-1 orally for 2 weeks, PTU group (30 rats) received PTU with a dose of 6 mg·ml-1·d-1 orally for 2 weeks.At 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 d after MMI or PTU was discontinued, 6 rats were sacrificed to measure 24 h RAIU respectively.The control group (6 rats) received normal saline with a dose of 1 ml/d orally for 2 weeks, and then they were sacrificed to measure 24 h RAIU too.Data were analyzed with two-sample t test or t′ test.Results Thyroid 24 h RAIU in normal rats was (14.6±4.3)%.The 24 h RAIU on 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 d was (4.6±0.7)%, (24.2±7.2)%, (13.1±2.9)%, (14.1±2.6)%, (16.1±3.7)% respectively after MMI withdrawal.The 24 h RAIU was significantly lower than that in control group at day 1 (t′=5.55, P0.05).The 24 h RAIU on 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 d was (1.9±0.8)%, (3.3±1.2)%, (7.7±2.4)%, (29.0±4.0)%, (17.1±4.8)% respectively after PTU withdrawal.It was lower than that in control group (t=7.01, 6.10, 3.40, all P0.05).Conclusions MMI and PTU can inhibit the iodine uptake of thyroid, the 24 h RAIU returns to normal level at day 5 after withdrawal of MMI and at day 9 after withdrawal of PTU in euthyroid rats.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 162-165, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708796

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of discontinuance of methimazole (MMI) and propylthiouracil (PTU) on 24 h radioactive iodine uptake(RAIU) in normal rats.Methods A total of 66 female SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by simple random sampling method.MMI group (30 rats) received MMI with a dose of 0.6 mg · ml-1 · d-1 orally for 2 weeks,PTU group (30 rats) received PTU with a dose of 6 mg · ml-1 · d-1 orally for 2 weeks.At 1,3,5,7 and 9 d after MMI or PTU was discontinued,6 rats were sacrificed to measure 24 h RAIU respectively.The control group (6 rats) received normal saline with a dose of 1 ml/d orally for 2 weeks,and then they were sacrificed to measure 24 h RAIU too.Data were analyzed with two-sample t test or t'test.Results Thyroid 24 h RAIU in normal rats was (14.6±4.3) %.The 24 h RAIU on 1,3,5,7 and 9 d was (4.6±0.7) %,(24.2±7.2) %,(13.1 ±2.9) %,(14.1±2.6) %,(16.1 ±3.7)% respectively after MMI withdrawal.The 24 h RAIU was significantly lower than that in control group at day 1 (t'=5.55,P<0.01),higher at day 3 (t=-2.83,P<0.05),and returned to the normal level at day 5,7,9 (t =0.68,0.24,-0.67,all P>0.05).The 24 h RAIU on 1,3,5,7 and 9 d was (1.9±0.8)%,(3.3±1.2)%,(7.7±2.4)%,(29.0±4.0)%,(17.1±4.8)% respectively after PTU withdrawal.It was lower than that in control group (t=7.01,6.10,3.40,all P<0.05) at day 1,3,5,and higher at day 7 (t=-5.97,P<0.01).The 24 h RAIU of 9 d showed no difference when compared with that in control group (t=-0.95,P>0.05).Conclusions MMI and PTU can inhibit the iodine uptake of thyroid,the 24 h RAIU returns to normal level at day 5 after withdrawal of MMI and at day 9 after withdrawal of PTU in euthyroid rats.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 464-467,470, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604436

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the errors of double-center and single-center setup, and to study the role of both on reducing the rotational setup errors for the patients with esophageal carcinoma depend on rigid registration errors between online kV-cone-beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT) images and plans for CT images. Methods 20 patients with middle esophageal carcinoma received image scanning before treatment every week by using double-center setup and CBCT, and single-center setup images of 20 patients were taken from the X volume image (XVI) system. Then the images of both setup types, registration errors of CT image and rotational setup errors were compared respectively. Every patient received kV-CBCT scanning analysis before treatment every week, and 6 times in total. 240 group of kV-CBCT images from all of the patients were off-line matched with plans for CT images to calculate the errors of X-axis, Y-axis, Z-axis. Then the data of linear errors and rotational setup errors from patients were collected, aiming at putting the error data into the patients treatment program and analyzing the significances. Results The standard registration of double-center setup was as follows: T (X) (0.28 ±0.19) cm, T (Y) (0.27 ±0.19) cm, T (Z) (0.33 ±0.12) cm, R (X) (0.40 ±0.19)° , R (Y) (0.30 ±0.18)° , R (Z) (0.30 ±0.19)° . The standard registration of single-center setup was as follows:T(X) (0.32±0.20) cm, T(Y) (0.29±0.25)cm, T(Z) (0.31±0.16) cm, R(X) (2.2±0.68)°, R(Y) (0.5±0.32)°, R(Z) (2.10±0.60)°. There were statistical differences between linear errors in T(X) and rotational setup errors in R(X), R(Y) or R(Z) (P< 0.05). Conclusion Double-center position can reduce the rotational setup errors, especially in X-axis, Y-axis errors, and may provide more help for the radiation oncology departments without on-board CBCT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 695-698, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481667

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the novel methods of VMAT planning based dose volume histogram ( DVH) optimization, evaluated the dosimetry and planning efficiency in VMAT planning for Esophageal Carcinoma. Methods Twelve Esophageal carcinoma patients were enrolled in this study. The conventional VMAT planning as the reference, using multi?criterion optimization DVH ( MCO?DVH ) and overlapping volume histogram prediction DVH ( OVH?DVH ) two different methods to get ideal objectives function for informing VMAT plans, Then evaluate the dosimetric, planning efficiency for all new VMAT plans. The difference between the paired t?test groups. Results The two VMAT plans based DVH objective function can meet the clinical needs. Compared with the conventional VMAT plan, Conformity index ( CI ) and Homogeneity index ( 0. 77 vs. 0. 72, P=0. 017 and 0. 10 vs. 0. 12, P=0. 047 ) is better in DVH informed plans;lung V5 and spinal cord V50 are better in MCO?DVH informed plan (54. 66 vs.60. 23,P=0. 013 and 0. 98 vs.0. 49,P=0. 037).Furthermore,the DVH informed plans had higher planning efficiency (8. 2 vs. 19. 5,P=0. 023) . Conclusions DVH Objective informed VMAT Planning can achieve clinical needs with much uniform dose to target,lower OAR dose and higher planning efficiency.

7.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2804-2806, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436715

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the related risk factors referred to hematoma enlargement in acute stage of spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage.Methods 104 stroke patients were divided into the observation group(hematoma enlarged group) and control group (without hematoma enlarged group).The course of disease,mean arterial pressure,the bleeding amount of the first time,hematoma shape and mortality were compared between the two groups,and the risk factors of hematoma enlargement of cerebral hemorrhage patients were analyzed.Results (1) The course of disease,mean arterial pressure,hematoma shape and the bleeding amount were significantly different between the two groups(t =9.5431,11.4499,6.1847,10.7233,all P < 0.05).(2) The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors of influence on hematoma enlargement were mean arterial blood pressure,the course of disease and hematoma shape.(3)The mortality of the observation group was 36.53 %,which was significantly higher than that of the control group (19.23 %) (χ2 =3.8731,P < 0.05).Conclusion High level of mean arterial blood pressure,short time of interval to onset,irregular shape of hematoma and frequent vomiting are main risk factors of hematoma enlargement in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage at acute stage.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 182-184, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384110

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical curative effect of using 153Sm-EDTMP in painful bone metastasis of malignant tumor. Methods Eighty patients with bone metastasis of malignant rumor underwent radionuclide bone palliation therapy were analysed.The treatment efficacy was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) and Kamofsky performance scale.Results 68.75% of patients had a positive response.A better analgesic effect was found in cases of lung,prostate and breast carcinoma metastasm compared to metastasis from other malignant lesions.Improvement of performance in Karnofsky scale was found in cases of midrange and heavy range patients.Conclusion The analgesic effects of 153Sm-EDTMP is obvious in painful bone metastasis of malignant tumor.Improvement of life quality is significant in cases of midrange and heavy range patients.The therapeusis is a beneficial supplement of radiotherapy and odynolysis therapy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 71-72, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973113

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy of acupuncture in ataxia children with cerebral palsy. Methods40 patients were divided into 2 groups, treatment group and control group. Patients in the control group were treated with routine rehabilitation, while those in the treatment group received acupuncture in addition. All patients were assessed with balance function before and after treatment.ResultsThere was a significant difference (P<0.05) of balance function between the treatment group and the control group after treatment. ConclusionThe acupuncture in addition to the conventional therapy improved significantly balance function of ataxia children with cerebral palsy.

10.
China Oncology ; (12)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545829

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:The majority of patients with gastric cancer are in advanced stage with either extensive invasion of tumor into the adjacent organs,lymph nodes or distant metastases when diagnosed.As a new anticancer drug of Taxanes,docetaxel has shown considerable promise in advanced gastric cancer through clinical study in these years.We conducted a clinical trial to compare the response and toxic reaction of weekly and 3-weeks'docetaxel /cisplatin/5-Fu treatment in advanced gastric cancer.Methods:80 patients were deviede into two groups.Ggroup A:Docetaxel 25 mg/m2 iv d 1,8,15,cisplatin 25 mg/m2 iv d 1-3,5-FU 500 mg/m2 iv d 1-5 q4w.Group B:Docetaxel 75 mg/m2 iv d 1,cisplatin 25 mg/m2 iv d 1-3,5-FU 500 mg/m2 iv d 1-5 q3w;The clinical responses were assessed after two cycles.Toxicity was assessed every cycle.Results:There was 1 CR in 40 cases,16 with PR,14 with SD in group A;there was 1 CR in 40 cases,17 with PR,14 with SD in group B.The overall response rates were 42.4% and 45.0% in group A and B,respectively.Grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ neatropenia were 32.5% and 77.5% in group A and B.The major non-hematologic toxicity was weakness.Grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ weakness were 22.5% and 42.5% in group A and B.Conclusions:The response rates were similar between groups A and B.The occurrence of hematological toxicity and weakness were lower in weekly treatment group.

11.
China Oncology ; (12)1998.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-535516

ABSTRACT

4cm) or involved the urethra、 vagina、 clitoris or anus. Pathologic grouping was 25 squamous carcinomas 3 adenocarcinomas and 2 undifferentiated carcinomas. Radiotherapy was given by angled radiation with wedge block. Dose was 65 to 70 Gy/6-7W. RESULTS Thirty patients completed their inductive chemotherapy within 30 days for 86 courses. The response rate was 86. 7% (26/30). CR was 30. 16%. 18 of 30 patients were followed-up for over 5 years. Five years survival rate was 72.2 (13/18). Major acute complications were vuvitis (23%). Late adverse effects were 1 patient with ure-throstenotic uroschesis, 1 patient with pathologic transcervical fracture. None of patients had radiation rectitis and cystitis. CONCLUSION Inductive chemotherapy consisting of modified VBP regimen was active in reducing the vulvar tumor volume. Radiotherapy used angled radiation with wedged block to treat advance vulvar cancer was fa-ciliated. Chemoradiotherapy was found to be an effective treatment for locally advanced vulvar carcinoma, with acceptable morbidity even in an elderly population. The technique allowed maintenance of normal anatomical and physiologic function that would have been compromised by primary surgical approach. It yielded survival rates comparable to those achieved with ultraradical surgery in younger patients. Life quality was improved significant-ly.

12.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1955.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-576758

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide anatomic data for operation of inserting the electron cochlear in young children. Methods Fourteen heads,28 sides specimens of young children of 1to-5-year old were dissected,through posterior tympanum approach,via mastoidectomy,posterior tympanoto to enter posterior tympanum.The related anatomy structures of the location of the electron cochlear inserted into the proper sites were observed and measured under surgical microscope. Results The round window was seated in superior part of the round window niche.The pyramidal eminence,tendo musculi stapedius,incudostapedial joint,base of stapes,cochleariform process,round window niche and promontorium tympani were all visible from different directions.The posterior arch of stapes was situated in the prozone of scala.Scala was situated in the posteroinferior scala vestibuli.The distance from the middle point of the anterior border of the round window niche to the inferior wall was(1.49?0.42)mm,to the posterior wall of the Scala tympani(0.90?0.31)mm,to the basal tissue(1.49?0.41)mm,to the pyramidal eminence(3.28?0.55)mm,to the lateral semicircular canal(7.41?0.90)mm,to the inferior margin of the base of stapes(3.09?0.53)mm.Conclusion It is considered that the location of the insertion should be at the middle point of anterior border of the round window niche anterior from 0.90mm to 1.49mm,deorsum from 0mm to 1.49mm.When the round window niche is not found,the location of the insertion has to be at the middle point of the inferior margin of the base of stapes deorsum 3mm.

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