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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883564

ABSTRACT

The traditional teaching mode of "subject-centered" has many shortcomings such as knowledge separation and lack of integrity. In order to make up for the deficiencies of this mode, the organ-system integrated medical teaching mode has gradually become the trend of medical teaching reform. Taking "motor system" as an example, this paper discusses the practice of the organ-system integrated medical teaching mode from four aspects: teaching implementation, teaching quality supervision, supporting assessment system and teaching effectiveness.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 181-202, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881132

ABSTRACT

Urea transporters (UT) play a vital role in the mechanism of urine concentration and are recognized as novel targets for the development of salt-sparing diuretics. Thus, UT inhibitors are promising for development as novel diuretics. In the present study, a novel UT inhibitor with a diarylamide scaffold was discovered by high-throughput screening. Optimization of the inhibitor led to the identification of a promising preclinical candidate,

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865968

ABSTRACT

It is an important way to improve the teaching quality by carrying out innovative experiments among medical students. In the process of experimental teaching, anatomy teachers expand the anatomy knowledge to basic scientific research techniques, so as to enhance students' confidence in participating in innovative experimental projects. Meanwhile, the teachers combine introduction of the anatomical structures with hot medical research issues, in order to help students to select appropriate innovative experimental topics. What's more, the new media teaching is integrated into the teaching of anatomy, enlightening students to perfect the experimental designs. Finally, in the teaching practice of regional anatomy, students are guided to carry out innovative experiments and write research papers. Abovementioned measures not only improve the teaching quality of anatomy, but also improve the students' scientific research ability, laying a foundation for them to participate in innovative experimental projects.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700476

ABSTRACT

Starting from the characteristics of nervous system,breaking the traditional subject-centered teaching model,combining the nervous system-related basic and clinical courses,Chongqing Medical University has established a nervous-module organ-system integration curriculum since 2010.This new teaching model is introduced and practiced in 5-year outstanding medical class of Chongqing Medical University.The new integrated curriculum guides students to learn knowledge from points to surface,helps them to combine knowledge vertically and horizontally,and simplifies the duplicate teaching content,so as to promote students to develop coherent and innovative thinking mode.Integrated curriculum pattern is an inevitable trend in medical education reform.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 529-534, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511285

ABSTRACT

Aim To study on the diuretic effect of a phenylphthalazines compound PU1424 and its influence on electrolyte balance, glucose and lipid metabolism, hepatic and renal functions.Methods Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into solvent control group,PU1424 treated group and HCTZ treated group.Urine was collected per 6 h and blood samples were collected at the end of drug administration.Urinary osmolality was measured by Freezing Point Osmometer;urea concentration was measured by Urea Detection Kit;ion level, blood glucose level, blood lipid level, hepatic and renal function were analyzed by Automatic Biochemical Analyzer.Results Compared to the solvent control group, and urine output of rats treated with PU1424 and HCTZ was increased as 1.52 times and 1.78 times and water intake increased as 1.42 times and 1.56 times respectively.Urine osmolalities were decreased as 61.5% and 50.4% of the control group, and urine urea concentration was decreased as 57.1% and 56.8% of the control group.Urinary electrolytes were decreased by administration of PU1424 and HCTZ compared to the intact plasma electrolytes.The blood glucose levels and blood lipid levels of rats treated with PU1424 had no changes, while the blood glucose and total cholesterol were increased by administration of HCTZ.The urea nitrogen, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase and total protein were intact by administration of PU1424 and HCTZ except the alanine/straw ration increased by HCTZ.Conclusion New diuretic candidate compound PU1424 displays significant diuretic effect with electrolyte balance, blood glucose level, blood lipid level, hepatic and renal function intact.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 114-119, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509171

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Ginsen-oside Rh2 on apoptosis in human colorectal cancer cell SW480,and to explore the possible mechanism of it. Methods The proliferation activity of SW480 treated with Ginsenoside Rh2 was measured CCK-8 assay.Ap-optosis rates were evaluated by FCM.Hoechst 33258 staining was used to observe cell nucleus morphologi-cal;change SW480 cells were treated with Ginsenoside Rh2,and the protein expressions of Bcl-2,Bax,p53, cleaved caspase-3 ,PI3 K,AKT,P-AKT,GSK-3β,P-GSK-3βwere detected by Western blot;SW480 cells were treated with LY294002,Rh2,LY294002+Rh2, the expressions of PI3 K,AKT,P-AKT,GSK-3β,P-GSK-3βwere detected by Western blot.Results The proliferation of SW480 cells was significantly inhibited by Ginsenoside Rh2 in dose-dependent and time-de-pendent manner.FCM showed the inducing apoptosis effect of Ginsenoside Rh2 was significantly different from that of control group.Hoechst 33258 staining in-dicated clearly cell apoptosis in Ginsenoside Rh2 treat-ment groups.Western blot showed Ginsenoside Rh2 decreased expression of Bcl-2,increased expression of Bax,p53 and cleaved caspase-3,PI3K/AKT/GSK-3βpathway proteins PI3 K,P-AKT,P-GSK-3βdecreased obviously,AKT and GSK-3βwere not changed signifi-cantly in SW480.SW480 cells were separately treated with LY294002,Rh2,LY294002 +Rh2,there were no significant difference in AKT and GSK-3βprotein a-mong all groups,and the expression of PI3 K,P-AKT, P-GSK-3βdecreased more obviously in LY294002 +Rh2 group compared with LY294002 and Rh2 alone. Conclusion Rh2 induces colorectal cancer cell apop-tosis through PI3 K/AKT/GSK-3βpathway,which ac-tivates p53 and cleaved caspase-3,and destroys the balance of Bcl-2/Bax.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1729-1734, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506736

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of ribonucleic acidⅡon apoptosis in human leukemia cell lines K562 and KG1 a.Methods Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8)as-say was performed to detect proliferation activity of K562 and KG1 a cells treated with ribonucleic acidⅡ. Apoptosis index was assessed by flow cytometry(FCM) and fluorescent Hoechst 33258 staining was used for observing morphologic changes of apoptosis.Expres-sion levels of p53,Bax,Bcl-2 and cleaved caspase-3 were analyzed by Western blot.Results The prolifera-tion of K562 and KG1 a cells was significantly inhibited by ribonucleic acid Ⅱ treatment for 12 h,24 h,48 h at concentrations of 100~300 mg·L-1 ,which indica-ted the inhibitory effect of ribonucleic acid Ⅱ was in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners.FCM re-sults displayed a dose-dependent increase in cell apop-totic rate.Hoechst 33258 staining showed the typical apoptotic morphology in some leukemic cells treated with ribonucleic acid Ⅱ,including increased nuclear chromatin concentration and edge accumulation.West-ern blot analysis showed the increased expression of p53,Bax,cleaved caspase-3 and decreased expression of Bcl-2 in K562 and KG1 a cells treated with ribonu-cleic acid Ⅱ.Conclusions Ribonucleic acid Ⅱ can induce apoptosis of leukemia K562 and KG1 a cells by up-regulating p53,which mediates Bcl-2/Bax balance and activates caspase-3 .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476525

ABSTRACT

During the teaching activities, to stimulate students' subject awareness and encour-age them to play the main role in class activities are inevitable trends in the reform of college educa-tion. Students’ subjective activity is a key to the teaching effect of regional anatomy, a course mainly based on experimental program. Department of Human Anatomy in Chongqing Medical University lay-outs regional anatomy teaching program to develop the students' subjective activities in learning from the course specialty: in preview and review, to train students' image-thinking by drawing; in anatomi-cal operation link, to cultivate students' interest in learning and innovation by discussing the relation-ship of anatomical structure and clinical disease and identifying the variation of structure; in the eval-uation process, taking the formative evaluation system to promote the students' initiatives and ensure the objectiveness and fairness. The implementation of these measures promotes the regional anatomy teaching quality.

9.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 152-156, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480680

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore high concentrations of urea-induced human brain microvascular endothelial cell line( HBMECs) to produce inflammatory cytokines and possible mechanism .Methods HBMECs were incubated in high concentrations of urea or mannitol ( as osmotic control ) for 3,6,12 and 24 hours.Expression of TNF-αand iNOS was observed by immunofluorescence .Western blot analysis was employed to assess the protein expressions of TNF-α, iNOS, COX-2, NF-κB/P65 and p-P65.NO concentration was determined by a commercial NO assay kit . Results Immunofluorescence showed high positive immunostaining of TNF-αand iNOS after incubation in high concentration of urea stimulued as compared with control group .The protein expressions of TNF-α, COX-2 and p-P65 were significantly increased at 3 and 6 hours after high urea treatment (P<0.01), and iNOS was continued to increase from 3 to 24 hours ( P<0.01 ) .Moreover , NO content was increased at 3 hours after high urea treatment ( P<0.05 ) .Conclusions High concentration of urea can induce HBMECs to produce inflammatory cytokines .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573645

ABSTRACT

It is extremely necessary and important for colleges or universities to transform the education concepts that barricade students' initiative and creativity, especially the one that takes fi-nal examinations as sole standard to evaluate teaching and learning effects. In order to display and cultivate students' study ability more comprehensively, we manage to establish a set of formative eval-uation system for regional anatomy course , which involves tests and examinations and evaluations throughout the whole teaching and learning process. It solves the long-lasting problem that examina-tions are final purposes of teaching and learning, and thus, teaching values not only results but also learning process, which directs students' attention to conventional studies and helps develop good study habits, greatly reducing the randomness of final academic performances. The diverse assessment methods, along with accumulated assessment results, can improve students' learning effects through-out the whole semester. The fundamental purpose of this system is to inspire students' passion for study and creativity and monitor the teaching process.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420429

ABSTRACT

This paper proposed the idea of building the applied anatomical experiment and research platform for surgical postgraduates with professional degree,establishing double-tutorial system and applying applied anatomical teaching in basis course learning,clinical skill training and research capacity cultivating after analyzing the reasons of poor applied anatomical background of surgical postgraduates with professional degree.These ideas were intended to improve the cultivation quality.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the role of AQP9 and its mRNA expression in the formation of ischemic cerebral edema in the rats.Methods:MCAO models were established by occluding unilateral middle cerebral artery(MCA) of the rats with the suture method.The morphological changes were observed with HE stain and transmission electron microscope(TEM).Brain water content(BWC) was measured by using wet-dry weighing method.The expression of AQP9 and its mRNA in the edema brain tissue were detected with in situ hybrilization(ISH) and immunohistochemistry(IHC).Results:The space around the neurons and perivascular space became larger.Some neurons showed necrosis phenotype,and the number of the neurogliocyte increased.The expression of AQP9 and its mRNA were up-regulated in subfornical organ(SFO)、choroid plexes、brain cortex、supraoptic nuclei、hippocampus and other regions,and reached its peak at 48~72h after MCAO.The brain water content(BWC) in ischemic cerebral tissue reached its peak at 72h.Conclusions:the expression of AQP9 and its mRNA were up-regulated following the brain edema.The results imply that AQP9 might play an important role in the formation of ischemic cerebral edema.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682545

ABSTRACT

Objective To define the expression of AQP4 in normal rat eyes at transcriptional and translational level, so as to provide morphological bases for the mechanisms of water transport in eyes. Methods Immunohistochemical SABC method and in situ hybridization were used to detect the expression and localization of AQP4 in normal rat eyes. Results The corneal epithelium, the iridal pigment epithelium cells, the nonpigment epithelium cells of ciliary body, the lens epithelium cells, the lens fiber cells, the outer nuclear layer cells, and the inner nuclear layer cells, the ganglion cells of the retina showed positive immunoreactivity of AQP4. The reactive substance was distributed in membrane but not in nuclei of all positive cells. The resuIts of in situ hybridization were identical with that of immuohistochemistry method. AQP4 mRNA could be detected in the cytoplasm of positive immunoreactive cells, however, nuclei were negative. Conclusion The results implied that AQP4 could coordinate with other AQP4 to play an important role in the secretion and regulation of aqueous humor, the maintenance of the diaphaneity of cornea and lens, the motivation and transmission of optesthesia.;

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