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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 62-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To determine the contents of 11 components in Xueli zhike syrup, establish its chemometric method and provide reference for its quality control. METHODS HPLC method was established to simultaneously determine the contents of amygdalin, deapi-platycoside E, platycoside E, platycodin D3, euscaphic acid, tormentic acid, maslinic acid, corosolic acid, praeruptorin A, praeruptorin B and praeruptorin E in 12 batches of Xueli zhike syrup. The quality evaluation of 12 batches of samples was performed by chemometrics. RESULTS The 11 components had good linear relationships within their respective ranges (r≥0.999 1); RSDs of precision, reproducibility and stability (24 h) tests were all lower than 2.00%. The average recovery rates ranged 96.90%-100.01% (RSDs were all lower than 2.00%). Cluster analysis showed that 12 batches of samples were clustered into 3 groups. Principal component analysis showed that the first two principal components could represent 88.53% information of 11 components in Xueli zhike syrup. Partial least squares-discrimination analysis showed that euscaphic acid, amygdalin and praeruptorin A were the main potential markers affecting the quality of Xueli zhike syrup. CONCLUSIONS The established method can be used to control the quality of Xueli zhike syrup.

2.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 908-912, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of suspended leukocyte poor red blood cell transfusion on hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression and T lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome.Methods:50 cases of MDS patients treated in Shandong Blood Center from January 2016 to December 2019 were selected as the research object. According to the different infusion of blood components, they were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group, with 25 cases in each group.The patients in the observation group were treated with s suspended leukocyte poor red blood cell transfusion, and the patients in the control group were treated with washing red blood cell infusion.The level of HO-1, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and TNF-α and the T cell subset such as CD 3+, CD 4+, CD 8+ and CD 4+/CD 8+ in the serum before and after transfusion were tested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Results:There was no statistically significantdifference in the level of HO-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum of the two groups before transfusion ( P>0.05); After transfusion, TNF-α in the serum of the observation group significantly decreased, compared with that in control group: (152.10 ± 21.89) ng/L vs. (201.14 ± 28.90) ng/L, (1.34 ± 0.45) ng/L vs. (2.89 ± 1.01) ng/L. However, the HO-1 significantly increased: (78.91 ± 15.74) μg/L vs. (58.99 ± 13.33) μg/L, andthe difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was nostatistically significantdifference in the immunologic functions of the two groups before transfusion ( P>0.05); After transfusion, CD 4+/CD 8+of the observation group both significantly increased, compared with that inthe control group: (49.11 ± 19.13)% vs. (47.13 ± 12.84)%, (25.23 ± 10.80)% vs. (21.09 ± 12.28)%, (24.74 ± 10.84)% vs. (21.88 ± 11.18)%, 1.02 ± 0.25 vs. 0.96 ± 0.20, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The expression level of HO-1 in peripheral blood and immune function of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome can be improved by suspended leukocyte poor red blood cell transfusion.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 111-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the relationship between CXCR4 and the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang and China Biology Medicine databases were searched by the computer to collect the publicly published cohort studies on the correlation between CXCR4 expression and prognosis of NSCLC. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the database to May 31, 2018. Literature screening, data extraction and risk of bias were performed independently by two reviewers, and Meta-analysis was performed by using Stata 12.0 software.Results:Finally, 20 studies were included, with a total of 2 124 NSCLC patients. The positive expression rate of CXCR4 in patients with adenocarcinoma was 51.8% (337/650) and it was 50.3% (224/445) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma, the difference was statistically significant ( RR=1.22, 95% CI 1.09-1.38, P=0.001). The positive expression rate of CXCR4 in patients with stageⅠ-Ⅱ was 41.1% (317/772), and the rate was 57.0% (348/610) in patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, the difference was statistically significant ( RR=0.62, 95% CI 0.55-0.69, P < 0.01). The positive expression rate of CXCR4 in patients with distant metastasis was 55.3% (268/485), and the positive rate of CXCR4 in those without distant metastasis was 39.2% (256/653), the difference was statistically significant ( RR=1.78, 95% CI 1.54-2.06, P < 0.01). The expression of CXCR4 was not related to the size and invasion of the primary tumor, the positive expression rates of CXCR4 in T 1-T 2 and T 3-T 4 patients were 41.0%(215/524) and 53.8%(84/156) ( RR=0.71, 95% CI 0.60-0.84, P=0.053). The overall survival rate of patients with CXCR4-positive was lower than that of patients with CXCR4-negative, and the difference was statistically significant (30.1% vs. 66.9%, RR=0.45, 95% CI 0.30-0.61, P < 0.01). The disease-free survival rate of patients with CXCR4-positive was lower than that of patients with CXCR4-negative (38.0% vs. 20.1%, RR=1.89, 95% CI 1.45-2.47, P=0.002). Conclusions:The pathological type, tumor staging and distant metastasis of NSCLC patients are correlated with CXCR4 expression level. The expression level of CXCR4 in tumor tissues has a predictive value for the prognosis of NSCLC patients; and the higher the expression level of CXCR4 is, the lower the overall survival and disease-free survival rates are.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1126-1129, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824399

ABSTRACT

Trauma is the leading cause of death for people under 40 years old in the world.At present,the rescue and treatment system of trauma patients in China is not yet well established,and the mortality of trauma patients is higher than those in the developed countries.Improving the treatment system is the key to reducing the trauma mortality.In order to innovate the service mode of trauma first aid,further promote the establishment of regional trauma first aid system,improve the ability of trauma treatment,reduce the mortality and disability rate of trauma patients in Jiangxi Province,recently Health Commission of Jiangxi Province and the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University have reached a consensus on the establishment of Jiangxi trauma first aid center.In order to provide reference for the construction of trauma treatment system,the author analyzes the following aspects including functional positioning,basic requirements,organization management,and evaluation of core indicators.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 189-192, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508185

ABSTRACT

Senna contains anthraquinones, flavonoids, polysaccharide and volatile oil and other chemical substances, which show the effect of diarrhea, antibacterial, hemostatic, regulating immune function and antioxidation. This article reviewed the Senna chemical composition, pharmacological effects, clinical application and new formulations of drug development, in order to provide reference for the research and clinical application of Senna.

6.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 583-587, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487368

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inhibition mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine combined with cisplatin on angiogenesis in Lewis lung cancer mice and to observe the mechanism of Arresten on angiogenesis in lung cancer. Methods The model of Lewis lung adenocarcinoma mouse xenograft was established in this work, and 40 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: 0.9% sodium chloride solution group(NS group), tetramethylpyrazine group(TMP group), cisplatin group(DDP group), tetramethylpyrazine plus cisplatin group(TMP + DDP group), 10 mice in each group.Mice in NS group were given 0.2 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution, mice in DDP group were given 0.2 mL of 2 mg.kg-1 of cisplatin, mice in TMP group were given 0.2 mL of 100 mg.kg-1 of tetramethylpyrazine, mice in TMP+DDP group were given 2 mg.kg-1 of cisplatin and 100 mg.kg-1 of tetramethylpyrazine, each 0.1 mL .Tumor size was measured every day to calculate the tumor volume.The mice were sacrificed to stripp the subcutaneous tumor after continuous medication. The expressions of Arresten, integrin α1β1 and VEGF were determinated by immunhistochemistry and Western blotting. Results The tumor growth of NS group was the fastest and TMP+DDP group was the slowest. Compared with NS group, the expression of Arresten in the other three groups was increased( P<0.01) , and the TMP+DDP group exhibited the highest expression;at the same time, integrin α1β1 , VEGF in the other three groups was decreased(P<0.01), and the TMP+DDP group exhibited the lowest expression.The expression of integrinα1β1 and VEGF was negatively related to Arresten, and the expression of integrin α1β1 was positively correlated with VEGF. Conclusion TMP can inhibited the growth of Lewis lung carcinoma and angiogenesis. Moreover, in combination with cisplatin, TMP can also improved the effect of chemotherapy and then the survival state of mice. The mechanism of action, which TMP suppress tumor angiogenesis may be through improving Arresten and inhibiting integrin α1β1 and VEGF. And the action mechanism of Arresten may be implemented by inhibiting the expression of VEGF by incorporation with integrinα1β1 or by itself to inhibit the expression of VEGF.

7.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 359-363, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481431

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the caregivers' burden and quality of life (QOL) of main caregivers of patients with Parkinson's disease by analyzing caregiver and patient-related factors. Methods A total of 53 cases with Parkinson's disease seen from October 2012 to December 2013 in Yantaishan hospital of Yantai City were selected. Assessments: (a) EuroQol-5 questionnaires, including: EQ-5 dimensions (EQ -5d) and visual analogue scale (VAS). (b) Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale. (c) Hoehn-Yahr(H-Y) stage; (d) Parkinson's disease sleep scale (PDSS), 15 items; (e) Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMD-14), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMA-24); (f) Chinese version of Zarit caregiver burden interview. Results Spearman correlation analysis showed that the EQ-5D index and EQ-VAS negatively correlated with HAMD-14 of caregivers of Parkinson diseasepatients (r=- 0.318, - 0.046) (P<0.05), and negatively correlated with H-Y staging (r=-0.592, -0.531), UPDRSI (r=-0.434, -0.316) , UPDRS Ⅱ (r=0.521, 0.513) , UPDRS Ⅲ (r=0.520, 0.534), UPDRS Ⅳ (r=0.564, 0.509), PDSS in patients with Parkinson's disease (r=0.547, 0.490), HAMD-14 (r=0.315, 0.350), HAMA-24 (r=0.413, 0.401) of Parkinson's disease patients (P<0.05). Caregiver burden was related with HAMD-14 (r=0.496), HAMA-24 (r=0.551),H-Y stage (r=0.697), PDSS (r=0.659), UPDRS Ⅰ-Ⅳ (r=0.538, 0.668, 0.696, 0.600), EQ-5D index of Parkinson disease patients (r=0.682), EQ-VAS of Parkinson disease patients (r=0.670) (P<0.05); and positively related with anxiety of caregivers (r=0.275) , and a negative correlation with the caregivers' quality of lives (r=0.665) (P<0.05). Bivariate analyses showed significant correlations between caregiver burden and patients' sleep, scores of Parkinson's motor symptoms, and caregivers' depression. Based on multiple regression analysis, Zarit score proved to be the main predictor of caregivers' QOL. Caregivers' age, total numbers of caregivers and H-Y stage also proved to be a relevant factor. Conclusion Improvement of patient's sleep, motor symptoms anddepression might alleviate caregivers' strain. There is a correlation between caregivers' burden and QOL. QOL of caregivers can be improved through reducing their care-burden.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 264-266, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460464

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of the open and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy to retain the clinical efficacy of reproductive function analysis. Methods Four hundred and fifty-six patients with ectopic pregnancy were selected as our subjects. Two hundred and eleven cases were served as laparotomy group( open),and 245 cases were laparoscopic group( laparoscopic). The data of intraoperative blood loss,operative time,postoperative anal exhaust time,average hospital stay,tubal patency rate,intrauterine pregnancy rate and again repeat ectopic pregnancy rate were recorded. Results Patients in two groups were successfully completed surgery. The operative time,intraoperative blood loss,postoperative anal exhaust time,average hospitalization time were(55. 1 ± 13. 5)min,(63. 5 ± 18. 3)ml,(25. 7 ± 5. 6)h,(6. 1 ± 2. 0)d respectively in laparotomy group,and(41. 3 ± 15. 5)min,(41. 1 ± 13. 3)ml,(13. 5 ± 5. 1)h,(3. 6 ± 1. 4)d respectively in laparoscopic group,and the differences were significant( t =2. 045,2. 263,3. 131, 3. 152,P﹤0. 05). The tubal patency rate,intrauterine pregnancy,ectopic pregnancy rate in laparotomy group were 81. 0%( 171/211 ),59. 7%( 126/211 ) and 26. 5%( 56/211 ) respectively,and 75. 5%( 185/245 ), 53. 5%( 131/245 ) and 22. 9%( 56/245 ) respectively in laparoscopic group,and the differences were not significant(χ2 =2. 254,2. 130,1. 242;P ﹥0. 05 ). Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy is superior to laparotomy in terms of small trauma,less bleeding,faster recovery,shorter hospitalization time,and postoperative tubal patency rate.

9.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 751-754,764, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602725

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) combined with cisplatin(DDP) on the expression of Mac2-binding protein(Mac2-BP) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in mice with lung cancer. Methods C57 BL/6 mice were subcutaneously inoculated with Lewis lung adenocarcinoma cells , and Lewis lung adenocarcinoma mouse xenograft model was established .Forty mice were randomly divided into four groups:normal saline group(NS group,0.9%NaCl,0.2 ml), TMP group (TMP 100 mg/kg,0.2 ml), DDP group (DDP 2 mg/kg,0.2 ml), TMP plus DDP group (doses as above,0.2 ml totally) with 10 mice in each group.After 2 drug intervention,following 14 days of inoculation , the tumor diameter was measured every two days to calculate the tumor volume .The mice were sacrificed after 14 days of continuous medication , and the subcutaneous tumors were weighed after stripping to calculate the inhibitory rate.The expressions of Mac2-BP and VEGF was detected by Western blot and immunhistochemistry .Results Compared with NS group, the tumor growth rate of TMP group , DDP group and TMP+DDP group was slowed down , and the tumor growth rate in the TMP+DDP group was decreased most significantly .The inhibitory rate of TMP group , DDP group and TMP+DDP group was 25.57%, 45.24% and 66.5%,respectively.Kim, s formula was used to evaluate the synergy of the combined treatment .The q values for TMP +DDP group was 0.85

10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 873-878, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815509

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the effect of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase D (GPIPLD) on hepatoma cells HepG2 and the possible molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#MTT, fluorescent staining and Western blot were applied to analyze the effect and molecular mechanism of GPI-PLD on hepatoma cells by transfected high expression GPI-PLD model. We inoculated HepG2 in nude mice models to further clarify the effect of GPI-PLD on hepatoma cells in vivo.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control groups, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway activity and proliferation of hepatoma cells were significantly inhibited in the GPI-PLD group. Nude mice models showed that the tumor growth and tumor weight [(1.87 ± 0.09) g] of the GPI-PLD group were significantly less than those of the blank control group [(2.20 ± 0.17) g] and the negative control group [(2.15 ± 0.09) g]. AST, ALT and AFP serum concentration in the GPI-PLD group were significantly lower than those of the control groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GPI-PLD can inhibit the proliferation of hepatoma cells and growth in vivo, and promote the apoptosis of hepatoma cells by reducing the activity of PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line , Down-Regulation , Hep G2 Cells , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice, Nude , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Phospholipase D , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transfection
11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 203-206,210, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-572153

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the survival and differentiated situation of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells ( MSCs) transfected with Sonic hedgehog (SHH) gene after chronic myocardial infarction (MI).Methods MSCs were obtained from bone marrow of limb bones by density gradient centrifugation combined with attachment culture method .SHH gene was cloned and eukaryotic expression plasmid pcDNA 3.1-SHH was constructed .Then nucleofector TM was used to transfer SHH gene into MSCs and the expres-sions of mRNA and protein of SHH gene were detected in vitro .Myocardial infarction model was established by ligating the left anterior descending branch .A total of 150μl (3 ×106 ) of MSCs transferred with SHH gene was injected into ischemic area at the fourth week after MI model was set up .Brdu immunohistochemical staining and electron microscope examination were used to detect the survival and differentiation of MSCs with SHH in vivo at the 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 8th week after MSCs SHH transplantation.Results It was con-firmed that SHH gene clone and the recombinant eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA 3.1-SHH construction were successful by gene se-quence analysis and double digestions with EcoR I and Bamh I .Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction ( RT-PCR) and West-ern-blot demonstrated that the expression of SHH mRNA was significantly increased in transfected MSCs compared with untransfected MSCs.Brdu immunohistochemical staining confirmed MSCs with SHH were survived from one to eight weeks in MI area after transplan -tation.Electron microscope examination showed that MSCs had the trend to be differentiated into myocardiac -like cells in MI area at the 4th and 8th week after transplantation .Conclusions The expression of SHH mRNA was significantly increased while MSCs were transfected with SHH gene , and MSCs SHH could survive and differentiate in good condition in the transplanted recipients .Those data provide the experimental basis for further transgenic cell therapy research of ischemic heart disease .

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 572-576, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450793

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the diagnostic value of MR coronal iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation(IDEAL) water imaging in the far later lumbar disc herniation(FLLDH).Methods A retrospective analysis of pre-operative routine CT axial imaging and MPR post-processing,conventional MR axial plane,sagittal plane and IDEAL imaging was performed in 10 patients with pathologically FLLDH.The above images were observed to find whether it could clearly show the spatial relationship outline of the nucleus pulposus and the nerve root,including the number of affected nerve root(1 or 2),and the compressed part(dorsal root ganglion,postganglionic nerve root or preganglionic nerve root),and the morphological changes of the compressed nerve root(distortion,thinning,enlargement),and were compared with surgical results.Results Surgery showed 2 cases with extra-intervertebral foramen herniation,2 cases with intra-intervertebral foramen herniation,6 cases with mixed herniation.Nine cases involved 1 nerve root,and 1 case involved 2 nerve roots.The conventional CT axial plane could roughly show the local relationship between nucleus pulposus and the nerve root.On conventional CT axial plane,9 cases were diagnosed correctly but 1 case of herniation of extra-intervertebral foramen shifting cephalic to the lower vertebral level was missed.Seven cases of the compressed nerve root were identified with difficulty,2 cases showed obliteration of the fat space and displacement of the nerve root.The spatial relationship of the nucleus pulposus and the nerve root was more visualized by CT MPR images than conventional CT images,but the image was less clear and it could not display the full view.Ten cases on CT MPR images were diagnosed correctly.Nine cases involved 1 nerve root,and 1 case involved 2 nerve roots,the image finding was obliteration of the fat space.Eight cases involved distortion of the compressed nerve root,3 cases involved thinning of the compressed nerve root,1 case involved thickening of the nerve root,6 cases were with no change or no confirmed diagnosis.MR regular scans could roughly show the local relationship of the nucleus pulposus and the nerve root and it is superior to the conventional CT axial scanning.On the conventional axial plane,7 cases of the compressed nerve root were identified with difficulty,3 cases showed obliteration of the fat space and displacement of the compressed nerve root.On the sagittal plane through the intervertebral foramen:5 cases of mixed herniation and 2 cases herniation of intra-intervertebral foramen showed intervertebral disc into the intervertebral foramen,with displacement or annihilation of the compressed nerve root.Two cases of extra-intervertebral foramen herniation were without positive findings.On MR coronal IDEAL water imaging,it could clearly and accurately show the spatial relationship of the nucleus pulposus and the nerve root.It is superior to the conventional CT axial image,CT MPR image and the conventional MR scanning.Ten cases were diagnosed correctly.Four cases were identified as compressed DRG,5 cases were identified as compressed postganglionic nerve root,1 case was identified with compressed L4 postganglionic nerve root and compressed L5 preganglionic nerve root.Ten cases were all identified with distortion of the compressed nerve root,6 cases were identified with the compressed thinning nerve root,and 2 cases with the compressed thickening nerve root.The other nerve roots were not compressed.Conclusion MR coronal IDEAL water imaging is a good tool to show the spatial relationship of nucleus pulposus and the nerve root in FLLDH patients,and it possesses diagnostic value.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3902-3903,3905, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598664

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of ultrasonographic on fetal limb deformities in prenatal diagnosis by using systemat-ic continuous sequence approach(SCSA) Methods During the period of January 2008 to April 2012 ,SCSA with color doppler ultra-sonography was used to screen 41 460 pregnant women in order to observe the four limbs of the fetus .And compared with the limbs of the fetus after birth or induction of labor .Results There were 99 cases of fetal limb deformities in 41 ,460 pregnancy ,of which 31 cases of femoral abnormalities were found by routine ultrasound ,92 cases of fetal limb deformities were found by SCSA .68 cases of fetal limb deformities were detected by SCSA in 19- <27 weeks of gestation ,accounting for 73 .91% of detection limb deformi-ties .In the 99 cases of fetal limb deformities ,varus feet were the most was (27 cases) ,followed by short limbs deformity (24 cases) , limbs compound malformations(11 cases) ,limb posture abnormalities(10 cases) ,part of the amputation(10 cases) and multiple fin-gers/toes(7 cases) .Conclusion SCSA with color doppler ultrasonography is an effective method for prenata screening of fetal limb deformities .

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1451-1454, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429983

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of transfection of Sonic hedgehog gene (SHH)into bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMMSC).Methods After the SHH gene was transfected into BMMSC by electroporation apparatus,the transfection rate was evaluated by fluorescence inverted microscope.The growth curves of untransfected and transfected BMMSC were drawn,respectively,to observe the influence of transfection on cells.The expression of SHH gene in the BMMSC was detected by PCR,RT-PCR,Western-blot analyses.Results Through fluorescence inverted microscope,the observed transfection rate was appropriately 30%,PCR showed a obvious increase of SHH expression in transfected cells than that in untransfected cells,and it is quantified by qPCR for appropriately 7 times.Western-blot further demonstrated that the SHH protein expression in transfected cells had a distinct increase.However,it was observed that the exponential phase of BMMSCSHH growth curve delayed.The growth curves of both overlap 12 days after transfection.Conclusions This electroporation method can transfect exogenous SHH gene into BMMSC sufficiently with the effective protein expression in BMMSCSHH.It is the foundation of further research of genetic therapy for ischemic heart disease.

15.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 21-24, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424663

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the changes of imaging and the efficacy of sympathetic cervical spondylosis before and after treatment and discuss the correlation of them.Methods Seventy-one sympathetic cervical spondylosis inpatients who examined by X-ray,CT,transcranial Doppler (TCD) or color Doppler flow imaging(CDFI) were collected.After comprehensive treatment,the efficacy was evaluated according to the recovery of patients' symptoms,and the cases with imaging abnormalities were examined again.Then the correlation between the changes of imaging and the efficacy was analyzed.ResultsAfter treatment,all 71 cases,including 45 cases with excellent efficacy,18 cases with good effect and 8 cases turned effective,showed a fine rate 88.7% (63/71) and an effective rate 100.0% (71/71).The rechecked imaging results showed:in 36 lantoaxial subluxation cases by CT scanning,26 cases turned to be normal,6 cases were improved and 4 cases had finally no change; in 68 cases with abnormal X-ray imaging,67 cases were improved and 1 case had finally no change; in 38 cases with abnormal TCD results,24 cases turned to be normal,2 cases were improved,10 cases showed changes and 2 cases had finally no change;in 36 cases with abnormal cervical CDFI results,9 cases turned to be normal,10 cases were improved,15 cases showed changes and 2 cases had finally no change.The analysis of correlation between the changes of imaging and the efficacy showed:changes count by the value 0,r =0.388,t =3.500,P< 0.01 ; changes count by the value 0.5,t =0.361,t =3.211,P <0.01.ConclusionsThe efficacy of sympathetic cervicalspondylosis has positive correlation with the changes of imaging and the causes of this disease are complex.So complete and well inspection can help the syndrome differentiation treatment and confirm the efficacy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 954-958, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420755

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of glycosylphosphatidylinositol specific phospholipase D (GPI-PLD) on artherosclerosis.Methods The GPI-PLD activities and mononuclear cells GPI-PLD gene mRNA expression was detected in 102 patients with coronary artery disease and 121 healthy adult.The GPI-PLD highly expressing cell model was constructed and induced by ox-LDL,the HUVEC and HUVEC transfected with pcDNA3.1(+) as blank and control group,respectively.Before and after the induction,the change of cellular function and biological features was detected.Results The peripheral blood GPI-PLD activity of patients with coronary heart disease and normal control were 31.80±4.21 and 44.32±4.50,and the IA ratio of GPI-PLD mRNA expression of mononuclear cells were 0.92±0.16 and 1.53±0.14,respectively.The activity of GPI-PLD and mRNA expression in patients with coronary artery disease were decreased up to 28.2% (t=21.31,P<0.01) and 39.9% (t=30.36,P<0.01) as compared with healthy control.The adhesion cells,ET-1,reactive oxygen,malondialdehyde (MDA) and the apoptosis rate of GPI-PLD overexpressing HUVEC were lower as compared with blank [29.59=1.40,3.51 ± 0.45,(50.63 ±4.22) ng/L,0.043±0.011,(3.32±0.44) nmol/L vs.41.39±2.15,10.57±1.12,(59.35±4.45)ng/L,0.052±0.011,(5.01±0.69) nmol/L],and as compared with control [42.68±2.45,9.92±1.03,(61.11±4.12) ng/L,0.051±0.007,(4.89±0.71) nmol/l] after inducing by ox-LDL; while the level of nitrogen noxidium (NO) was higher than blank [(29.88± 1.37)μmol/L vs.(21.76±1.02)μmol/L] and control(23.43±0.85)μmol/L groups.Conclusions The expression and activity of GPI-PLD in patients with coronary artery disease are lower than health people.Stable high expression of GPI-PLD is beneficial to vascular endothelial cell injury repairment and prevent the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis.

17.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 293-297, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472160

ABSTRACT

The nanocomposites of poly-diallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDADMAC) and CdTe quantum dots (QDs) (i.e.QDs-PDADMAC nanocomposites) have been prepared based on electrostatic interaction and their fluorescence stability in aqueous solution has been investigated. MTT method(3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide method) was used to study their cytotoxicity and A549 lung cancer cell as a model cell was also used to evaluate their cellular imaging.It was shown that the fluorescence stability of QDs-PDADMAC nanocomposites was much better than that of bare QDs both in aqueous solution and cell.Meanwhile,QDs-PDADMAC nanocomposites display very low cytotoxicity in the low concentrations and better staining ability compared with QDs.QDs-PDADMAC nanocomposites will have great advantage on the cell analysis detection and imaging.

18.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 117-122, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471708

ABSTRACT

This paper studied the expert system of genotype discrimination for the STR locus D5S818 based on near-infrared spectroscopy-principal discriminant variate (PDV).Six genotypes,i.e.genotypes 10-10,10-11,11-11,11-12,11-13 and 13-13,were selected as research subjects.Based on the optimum polymerase chain reaction (PCR) conditions,about 54 measuring samples for each genotype were obtained; these samples were tested by near-infrared spectroscopy directly.With differences between homozygote genotypes and heterozygote ones,and differences of the total number of core repeat units between the six genotypes,two types of genotyping-tree structure were constructed and their respective PDV models were studied using the near-infrared spectra of the samples as recognition variables.Finally,based on the classification ability of these two genotyping-tree structures,an optimum expert system of genotype discrimination was built using the PDV models.The result demonstrated that the built expert system had good discriminbility and robustness; without any preprocessing for PCR products,the six genotypes studied could be discriminated rapidly and correctly.It provided a methodological support for establishing an expert system of genotype discrimination for all genotypes of locus D5S818 and other STR loci.

19.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1288-1292, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814330

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are nanometer sized membrane vesicles, released in the extracellular milieu following the fusion of the external membrane of multivesicular body (MVB) with plasma membrane. They perform a certain function in immune regulation. Exosomes have been shown to be released by cells of hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic origin. Tumour-derived exosomes (TEX) exist in the supernatant of tumour cells, plasma and malignant effusions of tumour patients. They contain native candidate tumour associated antigen and are capable of transferring antigens to T lymphocytes, therefore efficiently promoting cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activation and producing antitumor immunity. However, recent evidence shows that tumor exosomes may induce immunologic tolerance and even activate immunosuppression which makes tumour escape from the immune surveillance of the host immune system. In addition, tumor exosomes may mediate a growth-promoting effect on tumor cells. These discrepancies are almost certainly due to differences in the phenotype of the exosomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigen-Presenting Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, Neoplasm , Allergy and Immunology , Cytoplasmic Vesicles , Allergy and Immunology , Endosomes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Exosomes , Allergy and Immunology , Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Escape
20.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 110-112, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of tuina plus traction for cervical distortion in teenagers.Methods:Tuina plus traction was applied to 40 teenagers with cervical distortion once every other day,and 10 days make up 1 treatment course.The therapeutic effect was evaluated after 2 courses.Result:Significant changes occurred after the treatment:15 cases got correction,20 cases got substantial improvement and 5 cases got certain improvement.Conclusion:Tuina plus traction works effectively for abnormal cervical physiological curve in teenagers.

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