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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496610

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the influence of 131I therapy on bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with hyperthyroidism.Methods Published articles of prospective randomized controlled study,clinical controlled study or case-control study on BMD change in patients with hyperthyroidism after 131I therapy were selected from PubMed,the Excerpta Media Database (Embase),Cochrane library,Chinese Journal Full-text Database,Wanfang Database,Vip Database and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database.Data from the date of database establishment to October 2015 were all reviewed.The languages were restricted to English and Chinese.Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan 5.3.Results Thirteen trials with a total of 668 hyperthyroidism patients were included.The meta-analysis showed that BMD of the lumbar spine,hip joint,femoral neck and osteocalcin were significantly improved after 131I therapy.The weighted mean difference (WMD) for BMD of the lumbar spine was 0.07 (95% CI:0.04-0.11),P=0.O00 2;that of the hip joint and the femoral neck was 0.13(95% CI:0.09-0.16) and 0.05(95% CI:0.03-0.06),respectively(both P<0.01).The standardized mean difference (SMD) of osteocalcin was-1.20(95% CI:-1.43--0.97) with P<0.01.Furthermore,the improvements were time dependent within the 2 years' follow-up.Conclusions 131I therapy improves the BMD and osteocalcin in patients with hyperthyroidism in a time dependent manner within 2 years' follow-up.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2837-2843, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318526

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Several studies found that vitamin D3 might alter glucose metabolism, protect kidney from injury and even proposed the mechanisms. But results from previous studies have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vitamin D3 in patients with diabetic nephropathy. The underlying mechanism of vitamin D3 decreasing proteinuria is also discussed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a search of English and Chinese articles using database of Pubmed, Embase, Sinomed, CNKI, Wanfang and clinical trial register centers, for randomized controlled trials of vitamin D3 in diabetic nephropathy patients. Two reviewers performed independently. Meta-analysis was used when studies were homogeneous enough.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty studies, including 1 497 patients with diabetic nephropathy, were involved in this systemic review. Vitamin D3-treated patients with diabetic nephropathy had a statistically significant reduction in 24-hour proteinuria (weighted mean difference -0.44, 95% CI -0.54 to -0.34, Z = 8.80, P < 0.000 01) and urine albumin/creatine ratio (standardized mean difference -0.29, 95% CI -0.48 to -0.10, Z = 2.96, P = 0.003). But vitamin D3 supplementation did not significantly reduce blood pressure and hemoglobin A1c compared with control group. The potential mechanisms about the renal protection of vitamin D3, including the inhibition of rennin-angiotensin system, the protection of kidney from inflammation, fibrosis and the structure change of kidney are discussed. In addition, vitamin D3 did not significantly increase the incidence of adverse effects, including total adverse effects, gastrointestinal adverse effects and fluctuation of blood pressure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Vitamin D3 can ameliorate proteinuria and protect kidney from injury in patients with diabetic nephropathy. This renoprotective effect is independent of blood pressure and glucose reduction. And it does not increase any adverse effects than control, even in combination therapy with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers. But due to the limited randomized controlled trials of high quality, more clinical researches should be taken in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cholecalciferol , Therapeutic Uses , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drug Therapy , Humans , Proteinuria , Drug Therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 20-23, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391785

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the short and long term therapeutic effects of prostaglandin E1 (PGEl) on diabetic nephropathy (DN). Methods Patients with DN in stage Ⅲ to Ⅴ according to Mogensen criteria were randomly assigned to four groups of PGE1, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), PGE1 + ACEI and control drug. The levels of proteinuria and albuminuria were measured before and 15 days, 6 months and 18 months after treatment. Patients with DN in stage Ⅳ were subdivided into three groups according to proteinuria: early stage IV (protienuria was less than 1.5 g/d), middle stage Ⅳ (protienuria was between 1.5 g/d and 2.5 g/d) and late stage Ⅳ (protienuria was larger than 2.5 g/d). Results Fifteen days after treatment, the levels of proteinuria and albuminuria were significantly decreased compared with pre-treatment in PGE1 and PGE1 + ACEI groups (P<0. 01), and the therapeutic effect was better in PGE1 + ACE1 group than in ACEI group (P<0. 01). Six months after treatment, there were still significant differences in above parameters in patients with DN in stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ between PGE1 + ACEI and PGE1 groups. And for the patients in stage Ⅴ, statistic significance between pre-and post-treatment existed only in PGE1 + ACEI group (P<0. 05). but not in PGE1 and ACEI groups (both P>0. 05). Eighteen months atter treatment, the levels of proteinuria and albuminuria were significantly decreased in patients in stage HI and early stage IV in all treatment groups (P<0. 01). For patients in middle stage IV and late stage Ⅳ , the significant differences still occurred between pre-and post-treatment in PGE1 + ACEI group (P<0. 01 or P<0. 05), and were significantly better than in ACEI group (P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). However, the proteinuria of patients in late stage IV elevated in PGE1 group in post-treatment versus pre-treatment (P<0. 05). Conclusions The short term therapeutic effect of PGE1 is quick and good in patients with DN. The therapeutic effect is much better in patients in stage Ⅲ compared with stage Ⅴ. The combination of PGE1 and ACEI will get better best therapeutic effect than PGE1 or ACEI alone in long term.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396673

ABSTRACT

Various questionnaires for screening diabetes in Chinese population were evaluated. Two questionnaires (Finnish Diabetes Risk Score and Danish Diabetes Risk Score) were applied. Sensitivity, specificity and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) for both questionnaires were calculated. The AUCs were 0. 760 (95% CI: 0.713-0.806) for the Finnish questionnaire (P<0.01) and 0.706 (95% CI: 0.647-0.764) for the Danish one (P<0.01). The sensitivities, specificities and predictive values of both questionnaires were not so good in the present survey as in the published reports. It suggests that these screening questionnaires must be modified to suitable for Chinese population.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 498-501, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399763

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of prostaglandin E1(PGEl)in improving proteinuria and albuminuria in the elderly people with diabetic nephropathy(DN). Methods Patients including stage Ⅲ,stage Ⅳ and stage Ⅴ were divided into four groups:conventional therapy group,PGE1 group,PGE1+ACEI group and ACEI group.Proteinuria and albuminuria were measured before and after treatment for 15 days,3 months,6 months. Results (1)In the DN patients in stage Ⅲ and stage Ⅳ (proteinuria<2.5 g/d),the proteinuria and albuminuria descended markedly in PGE1+ACEI and PGEl group(P<0.01).It was better than that in eonventionaI therapy and ACEI group.(2)In the DN patients in stage Ⅳ(proteinuria>2.5 g/d),proteinuria and albuminuria were not changed significantly after 3 months and 6 months in PGE1+ACEI and PGE1 group,but they were increased in conventional group(P<0.05).(3)In the DN patients in stage Ⅴ,the proteinuria and albuminuria were not changed much after 1 5 days,3 months and 6 months(P<0.05).The proteinuria and albuminuria were increased by more than 10 percent(P<0.01)in the conventional group after 3 and 6 months. Conclusions The therapeutic effects of PGE1 are obvious.Early treatment of nephropathy will get a better improvement in patients with diabetic nephropathy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680964

ABSTRACT

The fundamental principle of the “Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Genome Project” is to carry out genomic studies from the molecular level to discover effective functional genes in medicinal plants which may be cloned and expressed in factories or to transfer into plants for field cultivation Another approach is to carry out research studies to obtain enzymic genes capable of synthesizing bioactive compounds to be replicated in laboratory metabolic engineering processes The subject matter of “TCM Genome Project” and its significance for the modernization of TCM were expounded

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