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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 558-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992635

ABSTRACT

Severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) is characterized by critical condition, high lethality and poor prognosis. Its development and progression will lead to the damage and death of a large number of nerve cells, eventually causing a series of serious complications. The current treatments of sTBI and its complications are not optimistic due to problems such as unclear mechanism of action, challenges in treatment, and lack of effective prevention strategies. In recent years, more research evidences have shown that oxidative stress plays an important role in the development and progression of sTBI and its related complications. Therefore, it is of great significance to clarify the relationship of oxidative stress with sTBI and its complications and to understand the way of oxidative stress participating in the development and progression of sTBI. However, relevant researches are scattered and there lacks comprehensive and systematic summaries of oxidative stress participating in sTBI and its related complications. To this end, the authors reviewed the progress of the mechanism by which oxidative stress involves in sTBI and its complications, hoping to provide references for the research, treatment and prevention of sTBI.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 23-29, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict the efficacy of endoscopic tissue adhesives in the treatment of gastric varices in patients with liver cirrhosis by Nomogram model.Methods:From August 2014 to September 2017, 158 patients with liver cirrhosis caused esophagogastric variceal bleeding and received endoscopic tissue adhesives treatment at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were collected. All patients were followed for 12 months. The primary outcome was rebleeding. The factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of esophagogastric varices were analyzed. Nomogram prognostic model was developed and compared with Child-Pugh grading, computed tomography angiography (CTA) and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) in prognostic accuracy in rebleeding after endoscopic treatment in liver cirrhosis caused esophagogastric varices. Univariate and multivaricate Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test were performed for statistical analysis.Results:During the follow-up, rebleading occurred in 18 cases (11.4%), 37 cases (23.4%) and 49 cases (31.0%) at 2, 6, and 12 months after endoscopic treatment. The results of univariate Cox regression analysis showed the risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices included gender, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, Child-Pugh grade (Grade A vs. B or C), extraluminal vessels on CTA (presence vs. absence) HVPG (<16 mmHg vs. ≥16 mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), extensive portal embolism, esophageal varices, type 2 gastric varices, injection points of tissue adhesive (≤3 points vs. > 3 points), injection volume of tissue adhesive (≤ 3 mL vs. > 3 mL) (hazard ratio ( HR)=0.575, 2.018, 1.562, 3.433, 2.945, 1.859, 2.743, 0.324, 1.840, 1.477, and 1.716; 95% confidence interval ( CI) 0.305 to 1.084, 0.902 to 4.514, 1.753 to 6.724, 1.663 to 5.217, 1.012 to 3.415, 0.852 to 8.830, 0.079 to 1.335, 1.012 to 3.317, 0.839 to 2.602, and 0.935 to 3.152; all P<0.2). The results of multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that Child-Pugh grade, extraluminal vessels by CTA, and HVPG ( HR = 2.095, 95% CI 1.099 to 3.995, P = 0.025) were all independent risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices ( HR=2.665, 2.886, and 2.095; 95% CI 1.339 to 5.300, 1.580 to 5.271, and 1.099 to 3.995; all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that Child-Pugh grade (Grade A vs. B or C), extraluminal vessels on CTA (presence or absent) and HVPG (<16 mmHg vs. ≥16 mmHg) could effectively predict cumulative non-rebleeding rate in one year after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Receiver operataring characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the predictive value of the model combined with Child-Pugh grade, extraluminal vessels on CTA and HVPG was higher than that of Child-Pugh grade and HVPG (AUC=0.746, 0.673 and 0.585; 95% CI 0.662 to 0.829, 0.583 to 0.762, and 0.486 to 0.683; P<0.01, P=0.001 and P=0.089, respectively). Patients were divided into low, medium, and high-risk groups according to the 25th and 75th percentiles of the Nomogram score. The results showed that Nomogram model could effectively distinguish high-risk groups of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices, and the difference was statistically significant ( P <0.01). Conclusions:Extraluminal vessels on CTA, HVPG and Child-Pugh grade are independent prognostic evaluation indexes of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices. The predictive accuracy of Nomogram model based on these three prognostic factors may be better than Child-Pugh grade and HVPG.

3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 700-705, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure on hemodynamics in cirrhotic patients.Methods:A total of 23 cirrhotic patients for TIPS insertion were enrolled from January 2018 to October 2018. Serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), transthoracic echocardiography and non-invasive cardiac output measurement based on impedance cardiogram were carried out before and 24h, 1 month, 6 months after TIPS in order to observe cardiac function and hemodynamic changes after TIPS.Results:Significant increases in right atrial area [(17.2±4.0) cm 2 vs. (15.0±3.4) cm 2, P<0.05], right ventricular area [(15.1±3.8) cm 2 vs. (13.7±3.5) cm 2, P<0.05] and left ventricular volume [(97.4±21.5) ml vs. (91.1±22.7) ml, P<0.05] were observed 24 h after TIPS. These changes were accompanied with significant reduction in collapsible index of inferior vena cava [(20.7± 8.1)% vs. (28.6±11.3)%, P<0.01] and elevation in pulmonary arterial systolic pressure [(36.0±8.4) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (31.8±5.4) mmHg, P<0.01]. There also existed significantly elevated serum NT-proBNP [(551.2±325.1) ng/L vs. (124.2±94.4) ng/L, P<0.01], cardiac output [(5.82±0.96) L/min vs. (5.12±1.28) L/min, P<0.01], cardiac index [(3.47±0.64) L·min -1·m -2 vs. (3.05±0.78) L·min -1·m -2, P<0.01], early diastolic filling rate [(59.0±14.3)% vs. (54.5±11.0)%, P<0.05], and reduced systemic vascular resistance index (SVRi) [(1 798.4±357.3) dyne·s·cm -5·m -2 vs. (2 195.7±508.7) dyne·s·cm -5·m -2, P<0.01] 24 h after TIPS. At the end of 6-month follow-up, all these parameters, but not SVRi, returned towards baseline values. Moreover, peak early to late diastolic tissue velocity ratio at the level of lateral mitral annulus (E′/A′) was significantly higher at the end of 6-month follow-up than that at baseline (1.06±0.32 vs. 0.90±0.45, P<0.05). Neither the right ventricular fractional area changes nor the left ventricular ejection fractions during the follow-up period were different from those at baseline ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Cirrhotic patients who had no cardiovascular pathologies had adequate adaptation and good compensation ability to reach a new hemodynamic homeostasis for the increased volume load after TIPS insertion.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 23-29, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To predict the efficacy of endoscopic tissue adhesives in the treatment of gastric varices in patients with liver cirrhosis by Nomogram model.@*Methods@#From August 2014 to September 2017, 158 patients with liver cirrhosis caused esophagogastric variceal bleeding and received endoscopic tissue adhesives treatment at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were collected. All patients were followed for 12 months. The primary outcome was rebleeding. The factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of esophagogastric varices were analyzed. Nomogram prognostic model was developed and compared with Child-Pugh grading, computed tomography angiography (CTA) and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) in prognostic accuracy in rebleeding after endoscopic treatment in liver cirrhosis caused esophagogastric varices. Univariate and multivaricate Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test were performed for statistical analysis.@*Results@#During the follow-up, rebleading occurred in 18 cases (11.4%), 37 cases (23.4%) and 49 cases (31.0%) at 2, 6, and 12 months after endoscopic treatment. The results of univariate Cox regression analysis showed the risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices included gender, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, Child-Pugh grade (Grade A vs. B or C), extraluminal vessels on CTA (presence vs. absence) HVPG (<16 mmHg vs. ≥16 mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), extensive portal embolism, esophageal varices, type 2 gastric varices, injection points of tissue adhesive (≤3 points vs. > 3 points), injection volume of tissue adhesive (≤ 3 mL vs. > 3 mL) (hazard ratio (HR)=0.575, 2.018, 1.562, 3.433, 2.945, 1.859, 2.743, 0.324, 1.840, 1.477, and 1.716; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.305 to 1.084, 0.902 to 4.514, 1.753 to 6.724, 1.663 to 5.217, 1.012 to 3.415, 0.852 to 8.830, 0.079 to 1.335, 1.012 to 3.317, 0.839 to 2.602, and 0.935 to 3.152; all P<0.2). The results of multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that Child-Pugh grade, extraluminal vessels by CTA, and HVPG (HR = 2.095, 95% CI 1.099 to 3.995, P = 0.025) were all independent risk factors of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices (HR=2.665, 2.886, and 2.095; 95% CI 1.339 to 5.300, 1.580 to 5.271, and 1.099 to 3.995; all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that Child-Pugh grade (Grade A vs. B or C), extraluminal vessels on CTA (presence or absent) and HVPG (<16 mmHg vs. ≥16 mmHg) could effectively predict cumulative non-rebleeding rate in one year after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Receiver operataring characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the predictive value of the model combined with Child-Pugh grade, extraluminal vessels on CTA and HVPG was higher than that of Child-Pugh grade and HVPG (AUC=0.746, 0.673 and 0.585; 95% CI 0.662 to 0.829, 0.583 to 0.762, and 0.486 to 0.683; P<0.01, P=0.001 and P=0.089, respectively). Patients were divided into low, medium, and high-risk groups according to the 25th and 75th percentiles of the Nomogram score. The results showed that Nomogram model could effectively distinguish high-risk groups of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices, and the difference was statistically significant (P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#Extraluminal vessels on CTA, HVPG and Child-Pugh grade are independent prognostic evaluation indexes of rebleeding after endoscopic treatment of gastric varices. The predictive accuracy of Nomogram model based on these three prognostic factors may be better than Child-Pugh grade and HVPG.

5.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 607-612, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615099

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with implantation of irradiation IVC stent in treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)complicated by inferior vena cava tumor thrombosis (IVCTT).Methods The clinical data of 61 consecutive patients with HCC complicated by IVCTT were retrospectively analyzed.Irradiation IVC stent was prepared by strapping 125I particles on the bare stent,and it was employed in 33 patients (group A).Bare stent was adopted in 28 patients (group B).Propensity score matching method was used to conduct randomized analysis of the original data in order to reduce the selection bias.The survival time,remission rate of symptom and procedure-related adverse events of both groups were calculated and the results were compared between the two groups.Results The incidence of adverse reactions was similar in the two groups,and symptomatic treatment with internal medicine was adopted.The survival time in group A was superior to that in group B.The median survival time in group A was (203.0±28.1) days,which was (93.0±24.3) days in group B (P=0.006).Propensity score matching (24 pairs in total) cohort analysis showed that the median survival time was (200±31) days in group A and (66±23) days in group B (P=0.019).The edema remission rates in group A and in group B were 97.0% and 96.4% respectively.Multiple factor analysis revealed that irradiation stent implantation and objective tumor response were independent factors predicting a good prognosis.Conclusion For the treatment of HCC associated with IVCTT,TACE combined with irradiation stent implantation is safe and effective,this therapy can prolong the patient's survival time

6.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 727-731, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614813

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of brachytherapy with 125I seed strand in treating implanted main portal vein tumor thrombus (MPVTT) in experimental rabbits.Methods VX2 tumor cell line was implanted in the main portal vein (MPV) of 32 New Zealand white rabbits to establish MPVTT models.The rabbits were randomly divided into the treatment group (group T,n=16) and the control group (group C,n=16).125I seed strand was implanted in the MPVTT of the rabbits of group T,while blank seed strand was implanted in the MPVTT of the rabbits of group C.After the implantation,the changes in general condition,body weight and laboratory testing results were recorded.Two weeks after the treatment,every 8 rabbits from each group were sacrificed,and the specimens were collected and sent for pathological examination.The remaining rabbits were fed till they died,and then autopsy was conducted.Multi-slice spiral CT manifestations,histopathological findings,Ki-67 labeling index and apoptosis index were used to assess the curative effect,and the results were compared between the two groups.Results At each observation time point after brachytherapy,the weight loss of the experimental rabbits was more obvious in group C than in group T.No statistically significant differences in liver functions and white blood cell count existed between the two groups (P>0.05).The mean MPVTT volume of group T and group C were (565.40±220.90) mm3 and (2 269.90±437.00) mm3 respectively (P<0.001);the Ki-67 labeling indexes were (4.14±1.84)% and (33.82± 6.07)% respectively (P=0.001);the median survival days were (39.50±2.37) d and (27.38±1.22) d respectively (P=0.001).Conclusion For the treatment of implanted MPVTT in experimental rabbits,brachytherapy with 125I seed strand is safe and effective.

7.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 155-161, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512681

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and feasibility of intraluminal brachytherapy using iodine-125 seed strand for locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma with obstructive jaundice.Methods Clinical data of 17 consecutive patients,from January 2010 to February 2015,diagnosed with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (4 cases of T4 N0 M0 and 13 of T4 N1M0) with obstructive jaundice and received intraluminal brachytherapy using iodine-125 seed strand were collected and analyzed retrospectively.Liver function was evaluated using paired-samples t test.The iodine-125 seed strand radiation doses were calculated using iodine-125 radiation field distribution calculation software (version 0.1,Institute of Radiation Medicine,Fudan University,Shanghai,China) based on the American Association of Physicists in Medicine TG43U1 brachytherapy formula.Obstruction free survival and overall survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.Complications were assessed according to the CTCAE 4.0 criteria.Results The estimated mean accumulating dose (r =5 mm,240 days) was 167.2Gy,from 164.19Gy to 170.05Gy.The mean and median obstruction free survival time were (9.62 ± 1.47) months (95%CI:6.73-12.50) and (7.26 ± 1.71) months (95 %CI:3.90-10.62).The mean and median overall survival time were (9.89 ± 1.59) months (95%CI:6.78-13.00) and (7.26 ± 1.71) months (95 % CI:3.90-10.62),retrospectively.Total bilirubin and conjugated bilirubin decreased significantly after the therapy.Two patients had adverse event of Grade 3,one of Grade 4.Stent dysfunction occurred in 1/17 (5.9 %) patients.Conclusions Intraluminal brachytherapy using iodine-125 seed strand might be considered as a safe treatment option for the locally advanced pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma complicated by obstructive jaundice.

8.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 787-792, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668158

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the safety and efficacy of endovascular brachytherapy (EVBT)with those of sequential three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3-D CRT) in treating main portal vein tumor thrombus (MPVTT).Methods The clinical data of a total of 176 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)patients complicated by MPVTT,who were treated with portal vein stenting and TACE during the period from May 2012 to June 2014,were retrospectively analyzed.Of the 176 patients,additional EVBT by using 125I seeds strand was carried out in 123 patients (group A) at the same time,and in the remaining 53 patients (group B) sequential 3-D CRT was conducted.The overall survival,progression free survival,stent patency period and the incidence of treatment-related complications were compared between the two groups.Results No serious treatment-related complications occurred after therapy.During a mean of (11.7±8.3) months followup period,the mean survival was (11.7±1.2) months in group A and (9.5±1.8) months in group B (P=0.002).The mean progression free survival in group A and in group B was (5.3±0.7) months and (4.4±0.4)months respectively (P=0.010).The mean stent patency period in group A and in group B was (10.3±1.1)months and (8.7±0.7) months respectively (P=0.003).Conclusion Compared to sequential 3-D CRT,EVBT combined with portal vein stenting and TACE can significantly improve the overall survival of patients with HCC complicated by MPVTT.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 655-660, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666806

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate effects of extremely high hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) on the prognosis of endoscopic therapy in secondary prophylaxis for patients with gastroesophageal varices.Methods This was a single center prospective cohort study.From April 1st,2013 to May 31st,2015,patients with gastroesophageal varices and treated for secondary prophylaxis were enrolled and divided into extremely high HVPG group (HVPG≥20 mmHg,1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and non-extremely high HVPG group (HVPG< 20 mmHg).After combination of endoscopic ligation and tissue glue treatment,one-year,two-year and threeyear rebleeding rates and survival statuses were compared.Cox regression was performed for further analysis of prognosis factors related with rebleeding and survive.Results Eventually,126 patients were enrolled and divided into extremely high HVPG group (32 cases) and non-extremely high HVPG group (94 cases).The one-year rebleeding rates of extremely high HVPG group and non-extremely high HVPG group were 37.9 ℃ (11/29) and 27.6 % (24/87),respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant (x2 =1.105,P =0.293).The two-year rebleeding rate of extremely high HVPG group was significantly higher than non-extremely high HVPG group 51.7% (15/29) vs 29.9% (26/87),and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =4.539,P=0.033).And so was the three-year rebleeding rate,51.7% (15/29) vs 29.9% (24/87),and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =4.539,P=0.033).The one-year,two-year and three-year survival rates of extremely high HVPG group and non-extremely high HVPG group were 92.6% (25/27) vs 94.0% (78/83),85.2% (23/ 27) vs 94.0 % (78/83),and 85.2% (23/27) vs 94.0% (78/83),and the differences between two groups were not statistically significant (all P>0.05).Single factor analysis showed that portal vein thrombosis was associated with rebleeding (hazard ratio (HR)=1.883,95% confidence interval (CI) 1.015 to 3.492,P=0.045).No prognosis factors associated with survival were found.Conclusions Medium and long term rebleeding rate of the extremely high HVPG group is higher than that of the non-extremely high HVPG group.Extremely high HVPG does not affect the one-year prognosis of endoscopic therapy in secondary prophylaxis for patients with gastroesophageal varices.

10.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 306-310, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465779

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluated the clinical significance of embolization of arterio-portal venous shunt (APVS) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with main portal vein tumor thrombus (MPVTT) treated by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and portal vein stenting. Methods Twenty-six HCC patients with MPVTT and marked APVS, who were treated with TACE and portal vein stenting, were enrolled in this study. Portal vein stenting was performed via percutaneous transhepatic approach, which was followed by the embolization of the feeding arteries of APVS by using suitable embolic agents. The portal vein pressure levels were separately measured before, after portal vein stenting and after APVS embolization. The results were statistically analyzed. Results Both the portal vein stenting and APVS embolization were successfully accomplished in all the 26 patients. Hepatic angiography and portal venography performed before portal vein stenting revealed bidirectional portal flow in 16 cases and hepatofugal portal flow in 10 cases. Among the 16 patients with bidirectional portal flow, remarkable improvement of portal vein to liver blood flow after portal vein stenting was seen in 14, and obvious recovery of main portal vein to liver blood flow after APVS embolization in 2. Obvious recovery of main portal vein to liver blood flow after APVS embolization was also demonstrated in 10 cases with hepatofugal portal flow. The portal vein pressure determined before, after portal vein stenting and after APVS embolization was (50.1±6.3) cmH2O,(43.5± 7.5) cmH2O and (36.9 ±8.2) cmH2O respectively. After portal vein stenting the portal vein pressure was significantly decreased when compared with the preoperative pressure, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); after APVS embolization the portal vein pressure was further decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion For HCC patients with MPVTT and marked APVS, portal vein stenting can effectively restore the portal blood flow and reduce the portal vein pressure; and embolization of APVS can further reduce the pressure of portal vein, thus the bidirectional portal flow or hepatofugal portal flow will return to normal hepatopetal flow.

11.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 215-218, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460555

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of intraluminal implantation of 125I seeds strand combined with stent placement in treating malignant biliary obstruction. Methods During the period from June 2009 to June 2013, a total of 68 patients with malignant biliary obstruction were admitted to Shanghai Zhongshan Hospital. Interventional management was carried out in all patients. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Of the 68 patients, intraluminal implantation of 125I seeds strand combined with simultaneous stent placement was performed in 41 (combination therapy group) and only stent placement was employed in 27 (conventional therapy group). The survival time, the improvement of obstructive jaundice, recurrence of jaundice and procedure-related adverse events were recorded, and the results were compared between the two groups. Results Implantation of 125I seeds strand and stent placement were successfully accomplished in all patients. Statistically significant differences in serum bilirubin levels, which were separately determined at 7 days and 14 days after the treatment, existed between the two groups (P<0.05). No obvious marrow depression was observed in the combination therapy group. The median survival time of the conventional therapy group and the combination therapy group was 123 days and 215 days respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion For the treatment of malignant biliary obstruction, combination use of intraluminal brachytherapy and stent placement is clinically more safe and effective than conventional pure stent placement therapy.

12.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 776-780, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481104

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the curative effect of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with endovascular 125I seed strip implantation for the treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHC) complicated by extensive portal vein tumor thrombus. Methods The clinical data of 72 patients with PHC complicated by extensive portal vein tumor thrombus were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into group A (n=32) and group B (n=40). TACE combined with endovascular 125I seed strip implantation was performed for the patients of group A, while only TACE was employed for the patients of group B. The changes of portal vein tumor thrombus, the survival time and procedure-related adverse events were recorded. The preoperative and postoperative measured values were compared using paired samples t test, the count data were evaluated by χ2 test, and the survival time was analyzed with Kaplan-Meier method. Results Technical success rate of portal vein 125I seed strip implantation was 100%. No serious procedure-related adverse events occurred. The median survival periods of group A and group B were 210 days and 141 days respectively, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.012). Conclusion For the treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma complicated by extensive portal vein tumor thrombus, TACE combined with endovascular 125I seed strip implantation can significantly improve the patient’s survival time.

13.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 801-806, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481100

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a stable animal model of implanted main portal vein tumor thrombus (MPVTT) in rabbits and to evaluate its usefulness in research so as to provide the basis for clinical treatment. Methods Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into group A (control group,n=10) and group B (study group,n=14). For the rabbits of the study group, a sac-like pouch was sewed up in the anterior wall of the main portal vein, and then the tumor slice was injected into the portal vein through the pouch and it was hung and fixed on the inner wall of the main portal vein with the help of the reserved suture. For the rabbits of the control group, only a sac-like pouch was sewed up in the anterior wall of the main portal vein after opening the abdomen. After the treatment, the animals were kept under observation on the general condition, body weight and survival time. Postoperative multi-slice spiral CT scan was performed once a week to check the growth of portal vein tumor thrombus and the metastasis. The experimental rabbits were separately sacrificed for pathologic examination, the volume of MPVTT was determined and the metastasis was evaluated. The survival time of the remaining rabbits were analyzed. Results The tumor formation rate of the study group was 100%. The mean body weight of the rabbits of the study group (No.9-No.14 rabbits) and the control group at 35 days after the procedure was (1.48±0.19) kg and (2.08 ±0.17) kg respectively. The mean survival time of the study group (No.9-No.14 rabbits) was (41.7 ±4.72) days. Multi-slice spiral CT scan revealed MPVTT, metastasis and collateral circulation due to portal vein obstruction. Pathological examination confirmed the presence of thrombus in the portal vein and metastasis . Conclusion Stable MPVTT in animal models that can be used for imaging evaluation are successfully established. This study proves that multi-slice spiral CT scan is of great value in diagnosing and monitoring the growth of MPVTT and metastasis, which provides useful basis for clinical research and treatment of MPVTT.

14.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 1101-1106, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485109

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the optimal interventional therapy for primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complicated by main portal vein tumor thrombus.Methods Three-stage treatment, i.e. transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with portal vein stenting and 125I seeds strand implantation, biliary stenting plus 125I seeds strand implantation and endoscopic variceal ligation, was carried out in one patient with primary HCC complicated by main portal vein tumor thrombus. The clinical results were analyzed combined with a review of the relevant literature in order to compare the efficacies of various interventional therapies employed in clinical practice nowadays. Results The sequential therapies of the three-stage treatment program were successfully accomplished. The patient was followed up for over five years and lived well when the report was made. Conclusion At present, TACE combined with portal vein stenting and implantation of 125I seeds strand is the optimal treatment for primary HCC associated with portal vein tumor thrombus.

15.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 623-625, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455059

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of emergency interventional embolization in treating traumatic spleen rupture. Methods A total of 74 patients with traumatic spleen rupture, who were encountered at authors’ hospital during the period from July 2007 to July 2013, were enrolled in this study. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into embolization group (n = 38) and surgery group (n = 36). Interventional splenic artery embolization was carried out in the patients of the embolization group, and surgical repair was employed in the patients of the surgery group. The operation time, the amount of blood loss during the procedure, the hospitalization days, the preservation rate of the spleen and the occurrence of procedure- related adverse events were recorded, and the results were compared between the two groups. Results No significant difference in the operation time existed between the two groups (P = 0.061). The amount of blood loss during the procedure, the hospitalization days and the occurrence of procedure- related adverse events in the embolization group were significantly lower than those in the surgery group (P < 0.05), while the preservation rate of the spleen of the embolization group was significantly higher than that of the surgery group (P = 0.026). Conclusion Emergency interventional embolization is a safe procedure for the treatment of traumatic spleen rupture, this technique can improve the preservation rate of the spleen when compared with traditional surgical repair treatment.

16.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 402-405, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447521

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the technical skill of super-selective catheterization for “one-way valve occlusion” of the common hepatic artery during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methods A total of 128 patients with “one-way valve occlusion”of the common hepatic artery were enrolled in this study, who were admitted to authors’ department to receive TACE during the period from 2000 to 2011. The lesions included hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 110), cholangiocellular carcinoma (n = 3) and hepatic metastasis (n=15). “One-way valve occlusion”of the common hepatic artery occurred in 90 patients (70.3%, 90/128) after 2-5 times of TACE had been carried out, and in the other 38 patients (29.7%, 39/128) the “one- way valve occlusion” of the common hepatic artery was recognized at the initial TACE procedure. Super-selective hepatic catheterization was performed via the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) approach or celiac artery (CA) approach using coaxial micro-catheter catheterization technique. The success rate and fluoroscopy time of super-selective catheterization were recorded, and the results were compared between the two approaches. Results A total of 337 times of hepatic super-selection catheterization were performed in 128 patients, with a mean of 2.6 times for each case. The success rate was 100%. Of the 337 procedures, the catheterization was via CA approach in 148 (43.9%, 148/337) and via SMA approach in 189 (56.1%, 189/337). The mean fluoroscopy time in CA approach group was 3.2 minutes(ranged 1-6 minutes), and in SMA group was 15.3 minutes(ranged 5-40 minutes). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion Super- selective hepatic catheterization for “one-way valve occlusion” of the common hepatic artery can be achieved through SMA approach or CA approach by using coaxial micro-catheter catheterization. Compared with SMA approach, the technique of hepatic catheterization through CA approach is much simpler and the fluoroscopy time is significantly shorter.

17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 770-782, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757473

ABSTRACT

In recent years, large numbers of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been identified in C. elegans but their functions are still not well studied. In C. elegans, CEP-1 is the sole homolog of the p53 family of genes. In order to obtain transcription profiles of ncRNAs regulated by CEP-1 under normal and UV stressed conditions, we applied the 'not-so-random' hexamers priming strategy to RNA sequencing in C. elegans, This NSR-seq strategy efficiently depleted rRNA transcripts from the samples and showed high technical replicability. We identified more than 1,000 ncRNAs whose apparent expression was repressed by CEP-1, while around 200 were activated. Around 40% of the CEP-1 activated ncRNAs promoters contain a putative CEP-1-binding site. CEP-1 regulated ncRNAs were frequently clustered and concentrated on the X chromosome. These results indicate that numerous ncRNAs are involved in CEP-1 transcriptional network and that these are especially enriched on the X chromosome in C. elegans.


Subject(s)
Animals , Binding Sites , Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Promoter Regions, Genetic , RNA, Untranslated , Metabolism , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Transcriptome , Radiation Effects , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Genetics , Metabolism , Ultraviolet Rays , X Chromosome
18.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 857-860, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473915

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic portal vein balloon angioplasty in treating cavernous transformation of portal vein following operation of congenital choledochal cyst. Methods From 2012 to 2014, a total of 6 patients with cavernous transformation of portal vein which occurred after the operation of congenital choledochal cyst were encountered at authors’ hospital. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Before treatment, all patients presented symptoms of different degrees of hematemesis. Percutaneous transhepatic portal vein balloon angioplasty was carried out in all patients, and embolization of gastric coronary vein with coils was employed if angiography showed that coronary vein of stomach was pronouncedly dilated. The clinical manifestations, the imaging materials and the complications were analyzed. All the patients were followed up for 3 - 31 months. Results Of the 6 patients, portal vein main stem occlusion was found in 5 and severe localized stenosis was seen in one. Cavernous transformation of portal vein was revealed in all the 6 patients. Percutaneous transhepatic portal vein balloon angioplasty was successfully accomplished in 5 patients and failed in one patient. Embolization of gastric coronary vein with coils was performed in two patients. After the treatment, no treatment-related severe complications occurred in all patients. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 31 months. During the follow-up period portal vein maintained patent in 5 patients. No recurrent hematemesis occurred in all patients. Conclusion For the treatment of cavernous transformation of portal vein occurring after the operation of congenital choledochal cyst, percutaneous transhepatic portal vein balloon angioplasty is a safe, effective and minimally - invasive therapeutic means.

19.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 969-971, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440270

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the correlation between the level of peripheral blood inflammatory cytokines and kainic acid-induced seizure severity in rats.Methods 140 rats were divided into control and model group randomly,70 rats in each group.Model group rats were injected with kainic acid (10 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal,and the control rats were injected with sodium chloride.The change of their behaviors was observed and the concentrations of TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-4 and IL-10 were determined by ELISA in each group at different times.Results The rats showed epilepsy grand mal in 3 h-9 h after KA injection.The concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β in model groups were significantly higher than those in control group in 6 h-12 h (6 h:(21.5±3.2) pg/ml vs (12.3±3.1)pg/ml;12 h:(20.6±4.2)pg/ml vs (11.5±3.8)pg/ml)(P<0.05) and IL-4 in model group was higher at only 12 h ((53.55±3.08) pg/ml vs (33.26±4.16)pg/ml) (P<0.05).The level of IL-10 in model groups was not statistically significant compared with control group (P>0.05).Conclusion The proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-l β) participate in the seizure procedure,meanwhile their levels and seizure severity have eminent correlations,but antiinflammatory cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10) had not.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 80-83, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428522

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish an animal model of implanted inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (IVCTT)and examine its growth with MDCT and 3D-MPR. MethodsTumor cell line VX2 was inoculated subcutaneously into rabbit to develop the primary tumor, which was then cut into small strips. Purse-string suture was performed on the anterior wall of IVC after the laparotomy in eighteen New Zealand white rabbits.The tumor strip was injected into IVC through the purse and suspensory fixed on the inner wall of IVC. The general conditions,body weight,and the survival time were monitored after operations.MDCT examinations were performed with plain scan,arterial phase,portal phase and venous phase enhancement every week for all animals and 3D-MPR were acquired.The volumes of IVCTT were calculated.IVC,IVCTT and metastasis were examined with gross and histological pathology. ResultsThe IVCTT was confirmed by MDCT and 3D-MPR images.Collateral varicose veins caused by IVC obstruction and metastasis were also shown in images.IVCTT and metastasis were confirmed by pathological method. The success rate of IVCTT was 100 %. The mean survival time of operated animals was(49.5±4.4)days. ConclusionsInjecting and suspensory fixing VX2 tumor strip into IVC is a reliable method to establish the IVCTT animal model. MDCT and 3D-MPR are valuable methods to monitor the growth and metastasis of IVCTT in animal models. The model of implanted IVCTT of rabbits provides a useful tool for the research of treatment of IVCTT.

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