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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666353

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide theoretical basis for researchers and institutions to conduct research in stroke according the multiple dimension analysis of stroke research paper cooperation nationally.Methods Using the scientometrics and social network analysis for data mining of 95883 stroke literature collected.Results The result show that quantity of paper publishing are increasing annually,the most common cooperation was co-authorship of 2~3 people,cooperation among institutions mainly focused in big cities like Beijing,Shanghai,Guangzhou at its core has taken shape,regional cooperation formed a scattering cooperation with Beijing as the center,research topics has shifted from cognition and treatment to prognosis,rehabilitation and related chronic disease gradually.Conclusions It is necessary to expand the scale of coopreation in stroke study,policies encouraging cooperation should be adopted,strengthen regional cooperation between west China and middle-east,establish a multi-stage stroke unit and strengthen stroke treatment from the multi-level and multi-angle,pay more attention to the occurrence and development of chronic diseases associated with stroke.And finally,contribute to the further development of stroke research.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 603-606, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615850

ABSTRACT

In recent years,the role of phosphodiesterase 5(PDE5)has been highlighted in the development and progression of neurological disease.PDE5 inhibitors show significant effect of neruoprotection,which may be related with some effects such as resistance to stroke,anti-oxidation,inhibition of neuroinflammation and amelioration of cognitive deficits.Based on the domestic and overseas researches about PDE5,this review systematically summarized the neuroprotection of PDE5 and their related mechanisms.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612107

ABSTRACT

TCM variety derived from classical or proved prescriptions and was improved through the innovation and development of clinical practices,controlling of medicinal raw material and producing process.The current protection system of TCM variety does not match the developing rule of TCM,in that there is no particular article to regulate traditional classical or proved prescriptions,self-made TCM preparations in hospitals,the genuineness of medicinal raw material and manufacturing techniques,and also lacks the relevant investment return mechanism.It was recommended of creating TCM protection category,protecting self-made TCM preparations in hospitals,regulating genuineness of medicinal raw material and establishing know-how protecting mechanisms,while protecting test data were suggested to be introduced for perfecting the protection system of TCM variety.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239458

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the association of interferon gamma gene (IFNγ ) tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (Tag SNPs) with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in ethnic Dai and Hani minorities from Xishuangbanna, Yunnan.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood samples were collected from 300 Dai minorities and 300 Hani minorities, each included 100 healthy controls and 200 HBV infected individuals (including 100 spontaneous recovery subjects and 100 chronic HBV infected patients). Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDITOF-MS) was used to determine the Tag SNPs of IFNγ gene. Haplotypes were constructed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In Hani and Dai minorities, the frequencies of rs1861494 CC genotype in HBV infected group was significantly higher than the healthy group (Dai: χ2=10.017, P=0.001; Hani: χ2=6.515, P=0.039), and there was a significant difference between the HBV infected group and the control group under the C allele recessive mode (CC/TC+TT) (Dai: P=0.035, OR=9.567, 95%CI: 1.166-78.499; Hani: P=0.027, OR=5.484, 95%CI: 1.216-24.726). In Dai minorities, the frequencies of rs2069705 CC genotype and C allele in chronic HBV infected group was significantly higher than the spontaneous recovery group (genotype: χ2=8.112, P=0.017; allele: χ2=4.066, P=0.044), and there was a significant difference between chronic HBV infected group and spontaneous recovery group under the C allele recessive mode (CC/CT+TT) (P=0.013, OR=0.341, 95%CI: 0.146-0.796).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Above results suggested that the rs1861494 CC genotype of the IFNγ gene has conferred an increased risk for HBV susceptibility in both Dai and Hani minorities. In addition, the rs2069705 CC genotype may be a risky factor for Dai minorities to develop chronic HBV infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Asians , Ethnology , Genetics , China , Ethnology , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Ethnology , Genotype , Hepatitis B , Ethnology , Genetics , Virology , Hepatitis B virus , Physiology , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429137

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the recombination type of B/C genotype in hepatitis B virus.Methods The PCR was applied to amplifed the whole genes of HBV through the serums of four chronic HBV carriers who come from Jinghong distict,Yunnan province.The whole HBV genomes were ligated with pMD18-T vector and trasformed to E.coli JM109.After the positive colones were picked up,the HBV genotypes and recombinated sites were discoved through sequenced the acquired positive colones.Results All the acquired sixteen HBV sequences from the four HBV carriers were genotype B which were combinated with genotype C in some region.There are two ways of the combinations.For the first one,a 496 bp fragment from genotype C taked place the genotype B at the place of nt1825 to nt2320 of precore C/C region.For the second way,a 695 bp fragment of genotype B taked place at the both sites of nt822 to nt1020 of P gene region and nt1825 to nt2320 of precore C/C region.Conclusion A new recombination type of B/C genotype in hepatitis B virus was reported for the first time.The new Bj subgenotype was combinated with genotype C not only at the region of precore C/C but also at the place of P gene region.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425145

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe long-term follow-up results of in-stent restenosis by digital subtraction angiography(DSA) method after angioplasty and stenting with the Gateway-Wingspan stenting system in middle cerebral artery(MCA).Methods Consecutive patients with ischemic stroke and Wingspan stent placement were enrolled into our study.The proportion of in-stent restenosis and ischemic stroke associated with restenosis were evaluated by DSA after 6 and 12 months of stent placement.Results 30 patients with stenosis/occlusion of MCA underwent Wingspan Stent successfully.All of the patients finished follow-up except two patients(6.7% ) who died in the first three months after stenting.At the sixth months follow-up,in-stent restenosis was observed in 7 patients( 23.3% ) with average (69.0 ± 9.8 )% in-stent restenosis degree.However,no additional in-stent restenosis was found at the twelfth month,two patients among the 7 with in-tent restenosis were suffered with artery occlusion in stent.Conclusion In-stent restenosis after Wingspan stenting in middle cerebral artery was more common during the first six months,and 85.7% with ischemic stroke.It was worthy of paying attention to prevent in-stent restenosis at the first six months after stenting.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413804

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the features of a rare Miao pedigree of Bardet-Biedl syndrome in Yunnan province and to reserve its gene. Methods Three patients of this pedigree were reported. Their clinical and biochemical features were compared with those of the other pedigree members. Lymphocytes from main members of this pedigree were collected and transformed with cyclosporine A methods. Immortalized B lymphocyte strains were checked by means of chromosome karyotype analysis. Results Patients of this pedigree demonstrated typical clinical characteristics of this syndrome with increased body weight, blood pressure, fasting glucose, and lipoprotein(a)as compared with the other pedigree members(P<0. 05). The chromosome karyotype of the lymphocytes before and after transformation was kept consistent. Conclusions Patients of this Miao pedigree showed typical clinical characteristics of this syndrome as well as abnormal metabolic features. Immortalized B lymphocyte strains with their genetic information were set successfully.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 315-318, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389751

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the experiences on the diagnosis and treatment of duplication of kidney ureter and bladder. Methods Nine cases of duplication of kidney ureter and bladder from 1996 to 2008 were reviewed.Six cases of duplicated kidney ureter occurred in the left side and 2 cases in the right side,1 case bilateral kidney ureteral duplication.Of 8 cases with unilateral duplicated,duplicated bladders were incompleteness.And the patient with bilateral duplicated,whose duplicated bladder was completeness,was diagnosed with duplication of urethra,uterine,bilateral ovary and oviduet tubes,and also suffered from duplicated uterine prolapse Ⅱ,vaginal anterior wall bulging and duplicated vesicocele.There were two cases whose duplicated kidney losed function because of severe hydronephrosis,and 7 cases existed kidney secretion function. Excision of duplicated kidney ureter and bladder were performed on 2 cases with non-functional duplicated kidney.6 cases had undergone duplicated bladder excision and duplicated ureteral bladder replantation.The special case had undergone duplicated urinary bladder urethra uterine and bilateral annexes excision,and duplicated ureteral bladder replantation. Results The operation was successful in all paients without leakage and ureter stump syndrome.Three months after operation,ureter bladder imaging showed no ureteral reflux in 7 cases of ureteral bladder replantation.IVU were reviewed 12 months after operation:2 cases undergoing duplicated kidney excision showed that the function of residual kidney were normal,7 cases of replantation that the shape and function of sick side kidney and duplicated kidney were good. The patient who suffered from duplicated uterine simultaneously got pregnancy 1.5 years after operation. Conclsions Image examinations may help to diagnose the duplication of kidney ureter and bladder. The main treatment is surgery. Understanding the function of duplicated kidney and the shape of kidney ureter and bladder should be considered before operation. The goal of surgery should be relieving pain,protecting the function of duplicated kidney and minimizing the risk of infection.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287359

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the differential gene expression profile from patients with Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) by oligonucleotide microarray technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total RNA of 3 probands with BBS and 4 healthy siblings were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells and reverse-transcribed to cDNAs. Then the cDNAs were subjected for microarray screening with Affymetrix U133 Plus 2.0 array. Genechip scanner was applied to screen the hybridization signals. Genes differentially expressed between the BBS probands and controls were identified by using GCOS1.4 software with the standard of two-fold change (P<0.05) of expression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifteen genes were up-regulated 2 or more fold and another 15 genes were down-regulated 2 or more fold in the BBS patients, among them 12 genes were related to signaling pathway and cell cycle by Gene Ontology (GO) analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The differentially expressed genes identified may correlate with the function or structure of cilia. Their roles in the BBS genesis need to be further studied.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bardet-Biedl Syndrome , Genetics , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Male , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Siblings
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321118

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution of apolipoprotein E (apo E) polymorphism in Chinese Dehong Dai and Kunming Han ethnic groups.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After the process of extracting genomic DNA from 171 Chinese Dehong Dai and 71 Chinese Kunming Han subjects, the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique was used to amplify the fourth exon of apoE, which contains site 112 and 158 in amino acid sequence, and the apoE polymorphism was detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The genotyping frequencies of apolipoproteinE epsilon 2/2, epsilon 2/3, epsilon 2/4, epsilon3/3, epsilon3/4, epsilon4/4 in Dehong Dai were 0.006, 0.111, 0.006, 0.789, 0.088 and 0.000 respectively, while the genotyping frequencies of apoE epsilon2/2, epsilon2/3, epsilon2/4, epsilon3/3, epsilon3/4, epsilon4/4 in Kunming Han were 0.000, 0.169, 0.014, 0.718, 0.099, 0.000, respectively (P>0.05). The allelic frequencies of apoE epsilon2, epsilon3 and4 in Dehong Dai were 0.064, 0.889, 0.047 respectively, while the allelic frequencies of apoE epsilon2, epsilon3 and epsilon4 in Kunming Han were 0.092, 0.852, 0.056, respectively (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results revealed that either the frequency of genotype or that of allele of apoE gene polymorphism showed statistical difference between the ethnic populations. Compared with the data from other nationalities in China, the frequency of epsilon2 allele in Dehong Dai was significantly lower than that in Zhuang nationality (P<0.01); the frequency of epsilon3 allele in Dehong Dai was significantly higher than that in Chaoxian, Hui, Mongolian,Zhuang nationalities (P<0.05) and Uygur nationality (P<0.01); the frequency of epsilon4 allele in Dehong Dai was significantly lower than that in Olunchun nationality (P<0.05) and Uygur, Owenk nationalities (P<0.01). By comparison with the data from the populations of other races, the distribution of apoE gene polymorphism in Dehong Dai population is similar to that in Japanese population (P>0.05), but different from those in Singapore,European and American populations.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Apolipoproteins E , Genetics , China , Ethnicity , Genetics , Female , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics
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