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1.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 214-221, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982500

ABSTRACT

Jiawei Xiaoyao San (JWXYS) has shown excellent clinical efficacy in anxiety disorder, but has not yet attracted widespread attention. The animal experiments, clinical trials and mechanism studies of JWXYS were reviewed in this article, which may provide a reference for developing new anxiolytic drugs based on this prescription. The literature was searched in PubMed and CNKI and the documents written in English or with English abstracts were selected. JWXYS could reduce the anxiety symptoms of patients alone and reduce the adverse reactions when it is used in combination with other drugs in the clinic. In preclinical studies, JWXYS also showed therapeutic effects in reducing anxiety-like behavior. The mechanisms may include improving the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal (HPA) axis and hormone disorders, increasing neurotransmitter content, neurogenesis, and regulating the synthesis of related enzymes. This article shows that JWXYS could effectively treat anxiety disorders by regulating the central nervous system. In the future, with the participation of more researchers, it is expected to develop innovative drugs for the treatment of anxiety disorders based on JWXYS.

2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 117-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of long non-coding RNA-myeloid differentiation factor 88 (lnc-MyD88) and its relationship with the prognosis of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).Methods:A total of 70 EOC patients who underwent initial cytoreductive surgery and platinum-based drugs combined with paclitaxel for 6 to 8 courses were selected at Sichuan Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to January 2019. The fresh cancer tissue specimens were collected. In addition, 28 fresh normal ovarian tissues from patients who underwent surgery for benign gynecological diseases during the same period were collected as control group. Reverse transcription (RT) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used to detect the expression of lnc-MyD88 and myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) mRNA in EOC tissues and normal ovarian tissues. The correlation between the expression of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA in EOC was analyzed by Pearson′s correlation coefficient. The relationship between lnc-MyD88 expression and clinicopathological characteristics of patients with EOC was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate of patients. The log-rank test was used for univariate survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate survival analysis.Results:(1) RT-qPCR showed that the relative expression level of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA in EOC were 0.009 (0.000-0.049) and 0.001 (0.000-0.006), respectively, which were significantly higher than those of normal ovarian tissues (all P<0.01); Pearson′s correlation coefficient showed that the expression of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA in EOC was positively correlated ( r2=0.610, P<0.01). (2) The high expression rate of lnc-MyD88 in EOC patients with lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis and chemotherapy resistance (71%, 64% and 70%, respectively) were significantly higher than the patients in control group (41%, 40% and 35%, respectively; all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant in the high expression rate of lnc-MyD88 in EOC patients with different ages, pathological types, pathological grades, surgical pathological stages, postoperative residual lesion size, and ascites cancer cells (all P>0.05). (3) Univariate analysis showed that surgical pathological staging, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, postoperative residual tumor size, and high expression of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA significantly affected the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of EOC patients (all P<0.05), ascites cancer cells were the risk factors that significantly affected PFS in EOC patients ( P=0.040); multivariate analysis showed that surgical pathological staging and high expression of lnc-MyD88 and MyD88 mRNA were independent factors affecting PFS and OS in EOC patients (all P<0.05), the size of residual lesions after surgery was an independent factor affecting PFS in EOC patients ( P=0.001). Conclusions:The level of lnc-MyD88 expression in ovarian cancer tissues was significantly increased. Lnc-MyD88, as a molecular marker for the poor prognosis of EOC, is related to the expression of MyD88 in EOC, and may be involved in its expression regulation, thereby affecting the survival and prognosis of EOC patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 199-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application and curative effect of fat grafting in supraorbital area in double blepharoplasty in patients with negative vector of the eyelid- globe.Methods:From January 2019 to January 2020, 78 patients who came to Fuzhou Meilai Huamei Beauty Hospital for double blepharoplasty were collected as patients with negative eyelid- globe vector. The patients were randomly divided into 2 groups, with 42 cases in the combined group and 36 cases in the simple group. The combined group underwent double blepharoplasty combined with fat grafting in the supraorbital area, and the simple group only underwent double blepharoplasty.Results:The postoperative follow-up was 3-12 months, with an average follow-up of 6 months. The efficacy of the combined group and the simple group was compared. There was no surgical complications in both groups. In improving the eyelid-globe vector, the combined group was higher than that of the simple group. The overall satisfaction of the combined group was higher than that of the simple group. Among them, the satisfaction of eye appearance, self-confidence, mental health, surgical results, decision-making and facial rejuvenation were all higher than those of the simple group, and there was no difference in the impact on early life between the two groups.Conclusions:Double blepharoplasty undergoing fat grafting in the supraorbital area at the same time are safe and conforms to the aesthetic standard. The patients are satisfied with the postoperative effects.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 274-280, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the hub differentially expressed genes(DEGs)of glomerular pathological changes and potential pathways in molecular process of type 2 diabetic nephropathy(DN)based on bioinformatics technology.Methods:The differentially expressed genes of Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO)dataset GSE96804 in DN and normal kidney tissues were analyzed by R 3.6.2 software. DEGs were further assessed by Gene Ontology(GO)function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)signal pathway analysis. Subsequently, the hub genes and their associated pathways were analyzed using String 11.0 and Cytoscape 3.7.2 software.Results:A total of 168 DEGs were obtained in the dataset. Among them, seven hub genes were identified, including ALB, FN1, EGF, PTGS2, PLG, KDR, and LOX. Three hub genes, ALB, EGF, PLG, exerted a direct action on glomerulus. GO enrichment analysis of DEGs was mainly manifested in extracellular matrix organization, extracellular structure organization, platelet degranulation and other biological processes, extracellular matrix, secretory granule lumen, platelet alpha granule and other cell components, chaperone binding, copper ion binding, antioxidant activity, and other molecular functions. DEGs mainly regulated metabolic process, which was related to fatty acid degradation signal pathway, exogenous substance metabolism related to CYP enzyme and drug metabolism signal pathway.Conclusion:A bioinformatics analysis of DN from the perspective of glomerulopathy is helpful to understand the potential molecular mechanism of DN and provide reference for further validation.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 591-595, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352649

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impacts on physical and mental health of the patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) treated with electroacupuncture (EA) or Diane 35.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-two patients of PCOS were randomized into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 36 cases in each group. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to relieving liver stagnation and regulatingactivity at Ganshu (BL 18), Danzhong (CV 17), Qimen (LR 14), Zhongwan (CV 4), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zusanli (ST 36) and Taichong (LR 3). Afterarrival, the electric stimulation was added for 30 min. Acupuncture treatment was given 3 times a week. In the western medication group, Diane 35 was taken since the 5th day of menstruation and lasted for 21 days. The cycle of treatment was 3 months in the two groups. Before treatment and at the end of treatment, the symptom scores were evaluated and the self-report symptom inventory, symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) was used for the mental health evaluation and the comparison was made between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those before treatment in the same group, the symptom scores were reduced significantly after treatment in the two groups (both<0.01). After treatment, the symptom scores in the acupuncture group were reduced significantly as compared with those in the western medicationgroup (<0.01). After treatment, the scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety and hostility were reduced significantly as compared with those before treatment in the acupuncture group (all<0.05). After treatment, the scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility and phobic factor were lower significantly than those in the western medication group (all<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EA with relieving liver stagnation and regulatingactivity reduces the symptom scores of PCOS and SCL-90 scores, acting on regulating both physical and mental conditions. The effects achieved with acupuncture are better than those with Diane 35.</p>

6.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 89-94, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446383

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS method for measurement of notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Rd, tanshinone Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅳ and harpagosidein of Fufang Xueshuantong Capsule in rat plasma. Methods The HPLC separation was performed on Thermo Hypersil GOLD column (2.1 mm× 100mm, 5 μm) at 30 ℃, injecting 10 μL and using acetonitrile-water (0.1% formic acid) as the mobile phrase (B was acetonitrile, A was 0.1%formic acid;0-10 min, 25%-55%B;10-20 min, 55%-70%B) with the flow rate of 0.2 mL/min. Detection was performed on a tandem quadrapole mass spectrometer using positive electrospray ionization, SRM scan mode. Results The eight compounds showed good linearity in wide ranges (notoginsenoside R1 1.00-800 ng/mL, ginsenoside Rg1 0.950-760 ng/mL, ginsenoside Re 1.44-1440 ng/mL, ginsenoside Rb1 1.33-1330 ng/mL, ginsenoside Rd 9.90-990 ng/mL, harpagosidein 1.01-1010 ng/mL, astragaloside Ⅳ 1.16-928 ng/mL, tanshinone Ⅰ 10.0-800 ng/mL). In addition, the accuracy and recovery were around 85%-115%and 50%-70%. The RSD of intra and inter day precision were lower than 15%. Conclusion The method is specific, rapid and sensitive. Therefore, it can be applied to pharmacokinetic study of eight effective compounds in Fufang Xueshuantong Capsule.

7.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1172-1177, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451162

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to prepare the spraying agent of prescriptions of Miao nationality herb and investigate the effect of Miao nationality herbs spray for serum SOD, MDA, and expression of Fas and Caspase-3 mRNA in lung tissues of silica-treated rats. The healthy SD rats were divided into 5 groups. Silica dust suspension was used in the model establishment of 4 groups. After the model was successfully established, 3 groups were randomly selected and given glucocorticoids atomization inhalation, Miao nationality herbs spray, Miao nationality herbs spray combined with intragastric administration of herbal medicine, respectively. After 40-day treatment, water-solubletetrazolium salt (WST-1) was used in the detection of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD). Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) was used in the detection of malondialdehyde (MDA). The mRNA expression variance of the Fas and Caspase-3 were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that compared with the silica dust suspension group, the SOD activity of serum in the Miao nationality herbs spray group was significantly increased (P< 0.05). MDA content and the mRNA of Fas and Caspase-3 were significantly lower in the Miao nationality herbs spray group (P< 0.05). It was concluded that Miao nationality herbs spray group was able to increase the SOD activity of serum, decrease MDA content, and obviously decrease the expression of Fas and Caspase-3 of lung tissues among silica dust suspension rats.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2344-2348, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263931

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) property theory is believed to be a key and difficult point of basic theory studies of TCM. Complex concepts, components and characteristics of TCM property have long puzzled researchers and urged them to develop new angles and approaches. In the view of cognitive science, TCM property theory is a cognitive process of storing, extracting, rebuilding and summarizing the sensory information about TCMs and their effects during the medical practice struggling against diseases under the guidance of traditional Chinese philosophical thinking. The cognitive process of TCM property has particular cognitive elements and strategies. Taking into account clinical application characteristics of TCMs, this study defines the particular cognitive elements. In the combination of research methods of modern chemistry, biology and mathematics, and on the basis early-stage work for five years, we have built a TCM property cognition model based on three elements and practiced with drugs with pungent and hot properties as example, in the hope of interpreting TCM properties with modern science and providing thoughts for the nature of medical properties and instruction for rational clinical prescription.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Cognition , Drug Therapy , Psychology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Psychology , Models, Theoretical
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2941-2944, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260714

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae of two genotypes: beta-AS (A-T) genotype which is related to high content of glycyrrhizic acid and beta-AS(G-C) genotype which is related to low content of glycyrrhizic acid, and compare two different genotypes on the impact of beta-amyrin production in order to provide a foundation for licorice molecular breeding.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The 2 289 bp fragment in plasmid pMD-19T encoding beta-amyrin synthase was subcloned into the yeast-Escherichia coli shuttle vector pY26, thus an expression recombinant plasmid PY-beta-AS containing target gene was constructed. The PY-beta-AS was introduced into defective mutant INVSc1 of S. cerevisiae by LiAc method, after induced by IPTG, the content of beta-amyrin was determined by GC-MS.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>GC-MS analysis demonstrates that the an occurring peak corresponding to beta-amyrin standards was detected with the same retention time, which is absent in the cell transform with empty vector. Results showed the peak was beta-amyrin and the percentage of beta-amyrin in two genotypes: beta-AS (A-T) genotype and beta-AS (G-C) genotype were 19.08% and 1.40%, respectively. Thus the beta-amyrin synthase exhibited the activity of catalyzing 2, 3-oxidosqualene to beta-amyrin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The catalytic efficiency of beta-AS(A-T) genotype is higher than that of beta-AS(G-C) genotype, which can lay the foundation for licorice molecular breeding.</p>


Subject(s)
Catalysis , Cloning, Molecular , Genotype , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Chemistry , Genetics , Intramolecular Transferases , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Plant Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Polymorphism, Genetic , Recombinant Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2008-2011, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328040

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the difference of hypaconitine concentration in serum between normal and cold-deficiency mice after administration of aconite decoction. To analyze how the toxic dose of aconite decoction correlate to the metabolic environment.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Prepared cold-deficiency mice model, treated normal and cold-deficiency mice with aconite decoction for 14 days continuously, and then detected hypaconitine concentration in serum by HPLC along with survival ratio of mice on the first, seventh and fourteenth day.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After administration of aconite decoction for 14 days, the hypaconitine concentration in serum of cold-deficiency mice is close to that in normal mice. It showed aconite decoction has the ability of regulating metabolism environment, the hypaconitine concentration in serum of normal mice was higher on the seventh and fourteenth day than that on first day. It showed that aconite decoction can disturb metabolism environment of normal mice. It was also been observed that the range of variation of hypaconitine concentration in cold-deficiency mice was minor than that in normal mice during the fourteen days' administration.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The difference of serum concentration in normal and cold-deficiency mice showed that there were different metabolic environments in two mice models, and the metabolic environment changed during administration. These results showed that the different toxic doses of aconite decoction were partially due to the different metabolic environments.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Aconitine , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Aconitum , Chemistry , Cold Temperature , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Blood , Physiology , Mice, Inbred ICR
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 330-3, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382273

ABSTRACT

Silica gel column chromatography was used for the isolation and purification of the chemical constituents of the pericarp of Illicium macranthum. From dichloromethane-EtOAc (1:1) fraction and EtOAc fraction of the methanol extracts, eleven compounds were identified on the basis of chemical and spectral data. Two new compounds were elucidated to be 6-deoxyneomajucin (1) and 2-oxo-6-deoxyneomajucin (2), along with nine known compounds 6-deoxypseudoanisatin (3), pseudoanisatin (4), anisatin (5), pseudomajucin (6), protocatecheuic acid (7), shikimic acid (8), shikimic acid methylester (9), beta-sitosterol (10) and daucosterol (11). Compounds 1 and 2 are new majucin-type sesquiterpene lactones.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1836-1839, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262245

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical characteristics of pericarps from Illicium species for developing a taxonomic and identification method for Illicium species.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Twenty two samples from 17 Illicium species were detected with HPLC-MS. The chromatographic data were analyzed by cluster analysis using SAS software.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>According to the similarity of chemical constituents of 22 samples. Illicium can be divided into five chemical sections. At the same time, the distribution of pseudoanisatin, 6-deoxypseudoanisatin, pseudomajucin was evaluated in 22 samples.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The chemical constituents of pericarp of Illicium species can be characterized well by LC-MS chromatograms. LC-MS chromatograms can be used to identify the Chinese star anise. The results provided a certain basis to classify the Illicium species.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Fruit , Chemistry , Illicium , Chemistry , Classification , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Plant Extracts , Reference Standards , Quality Control
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