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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 270-276, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005394

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the changes of retinal microcirculation after phacoemulsification and the influencing factors of visual acuity.METHODS: Retrospective analysis. A total of 264 cataract patients(264 eyes)who underwent phacoemulsification in our hospital from January 2022 to December 2022 were selected as the study objects. Patients were divided into < 0.3 group(66 eyes)and ≥0.3 group(198 eyes)according to the recovery of best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)at 3 mo after surgery. The changes of retinal microcirculation indexes were compared before and after treatment. Logistic regression and LASSO regression models were used to screen the influencing factors of postoperative BCVA. A nomogram prediction model of postoperative BCVA was constructed and verified. A restricted cubic spline Logistic regression model was established to analyze the dose-response relationship between end-diastolic velocity(EDV), peak systolic velocity(PSV)and the risk of BCVA recovery.RESULTS: At 3 mo postoperatively, EDV and PSV were significantly improved compared with those before treatment, and resistance index(RI)levels were significantly lower than those before treatment(all P<0.05). Preoperative EDV, PSV, aqueous humor cell grade, fundus lesion grade, advanced age and Emery grade were influencing factors for poor BCVA recovery after phacoemulsification in cataract patients(P<0.05). The AUC before and after validation of the nomogram model by Bootstrap method were 0.869(95%CI: 0.815-0.903)and 0.866(95%CI: 0.802-0.895), respectively. The sensitivity was 88.36% and 88.27%, and the specificity was 91.82% and 91.78%, respectively. Restricted cubic spline model analysis showed no nonlinear dose-response relationship between EDV and PSV levels and the risk of poor BCVA recovery in either male or female(P>0.05).CONCLUSION: After phacoemulsification, retinal microcirculation in cataract patients improved significantly. EDV, PSV, aqueous humor cell grade, fundus lesion grade, advanced age and Emery grade are all factors influencing poor BCVA recovery after cataract surgery.

2.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 76-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005504

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the distribution of polymorphisms of miR-208 genes rs8022522 and rs12894524 locus in Guangxi healthy population and compare the differences in the polymorphism distribution in different population. 【Methods】 SNPscan technology was used to detect genotypes of rs8022522 and rs12894524 from 297 healthy people in Guangxi, and the results were compared with other populations from Human genome Haplotype Map(HapMap) data. 【Results】 Three genotypes, namely, AA (2.7%), AG (24.2%) and GG (73.1%), in rs8022522 were found, with the allele frequencies of A and G being 14.8% and 85.2%. The genotypes of rs12894524 locus were TT (1.3%), TG (13.5%) and GG (85.2%), and the frequency of T and G allele was 8.1% and 91.9%, respectively. rs8022522 and rs12894524 locus genotypes and allele frequencies were significantly different from HapMap-CEU, HapMap- YRI and HapMap-TSI (P<0.05). Compared with HapMap-JPT and HapMap-CHB, there was no significant difference in genotype or allele frequency between the two sites (P>0.05). As for the blood lipid level among the three genotypes in rs8022522, the level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) with GG genotype was significantly different from that in AG group (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The polymorphisms of rs8022522 and rs12894524 of miR-208 gene in Guangxi population are different from those in other regions to varying degrees. The polymorphism of rs8022522 locus is related to the level of HDL-C.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 202-206, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972312

ABSTRACT

Glioma is a common primary malignant brain tumor. At present, the main clinical treatment is surgical resection combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Due to the selective permeability of the blood-brain barrier and the characteristics of multi-drug resistance of tumor cells, the therapeutic effect is not ideal. In recent years, studies have found that borneol could open the blood-brain barrier and promote the infiltration of chemotherapy drugs. When borneol is combined with or co-carried with chemotherapy drugs, chemotherapy drugs could target more glioma tissues and increase efficacy. The preclinical studies on the combination of borneol and chemotherapy drugs in recent years were reviewed in this article, in order to provide useful reference for the treatment of glioma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1041-1049, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical characteristics of screw only spatial weaving fixation and calcaneal plate fixation in calcaneal fractures.Methods:Sanders type III calcaneus fracture model was established by using calcaneus model specimens: the physiological model group were the normal calcaneal models; the steel plate group were conventional steel plate fixation fracture models; the metal screw group were fracture models with only metal screw weaving fixation; seven and nine absorbable screw spatial weaving groups (seven absorbable screw group, nine absorbable screw group) were used to weave and fix fracture models with seven and nine absorbable screws. Cyclic test and mechanical compression test were carried out, and load-displacement curves were recorded. The material properties of metal screw spatial weaving and calcaneal anatomical plate system were replicated, finite element fracture models were established, and the calcaneal internal fixation models of plate screw group and spatial weaving screw group were completed by reverse processing. The changes of biomechanical characteristics of calcaneal bone in human (70 kg) standing on one foot were simulated, and the distribution of structural strength was analyzed by Von Mises equivalent stress cloud diagram and displacement cloud diagram.Results:In the cyclic test of 20-200 N load, the physiological model group, the plate group, the metal screw group, the absorbable 7 screw group, the absorbable 9 screw group were 0.87±0.22, 0.82±0.08, 0.70±0.12, 1.04±0.13 and 0.83±1.76 mm, the difference in model gap was statistically significant ( F=3.16, P=0.037). Among them, the absorbable 7 screws group was larger than the metal screws group ( t=4.28, P=0.003), and the other pin-two comparisons were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The deformation of the five groups was 0.37±0.06, 0.38±0.07, 0.38±0.06, 0.52±0.07 and 0.42±0.07 mm, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=4.39, P=0.010). The deformation of absorbable 7 screws group was greater than that of physiological model group, the plate group and metal screw group ( t=3.69, P=0.006; t=3.25, P=0.012; t=3.51, P=0.008). In static test, compression displacement was 7.14±0.79, 7.30±0.66, 6.95±0.28, 8.19±0.61 and 7.16±0.55 mm, the difference was statistically significant ( F=3.28, P=0.032). The displacement of the absorbable 7 screws group was greater than that of the metal screws group ( t=4.13, P=0.003). The stiffness changes were 570.60±122.62, 512.86±80.77, 497.40±66.50, 456.21±58.19 and 560.39±94.40 N/mm, respectively, with no statistical significance ( F=1.44, P=0.258). The results of finite element analysis showed that under 3 500 N axial pressure load, the maximum compression displacement and stiffness of the plate and screw set were 6.47 mm, 540.96 N/mm, and the Von Mises equivalent stress peaks were 450.31 and 353.15 MPa, respectively. The maximum compression displacement and stiffness of the braided screw group were 5.25 mm, 666.67 N/mm, and the peak Von Mises equivalent stress of the screw was 396.20 MPa. Conclusion:Compared with lateral plate fixation, spatial weaving fixation can provide sufficient biomechanical stability for calcaneal healing and is superior to plate fixation in terms of structural stability, which may help to improve the effectiveness of calcaneal fracture fixation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 73-77, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of treatment of Sanders Ⅱ & Ⅲ calcaneal fractures with an absorbable stick plus Kirschner wire through the tarsal sinus incision.Methods:From July 2017 to May 2020, 37 patients with 42 Sanders Ⅱ & Ⅲ calcaneal fractures were treated with an absorbable stick plus Kirschner wire through the tarsal sinus incision at The Third Ward of Department of Traumatic Orthopeadics, The Sixth Hospital of Ningbo. There were 25 males and 12 females, with an age of (48.2±5.6) years (from 20 to 69 years). The fractures were at the left side in 12 cases, at the right side in 20 and at bilateral sides in 5. By Sanders classification, 20 fractures were type Ⅱ and 22 ones type Ⅲ. Fracture union time and complications were recorded. Their B?hler and Gissane angles were compared between preoperation, postoperation and the last follow-up. The range of motion of the subtalar joint was evaluated by the Morrey method at 6 months postoperation. The functional recovery was evaluated by the American Society of Foot and Ankle Surgery (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score at 12 months postoperation.Results:The 37 patients were followed up for (15.2±2.7) months (from 13 to 18 months). There were no such complications as incision skin necrosis, Kirschner wire deformation, loss of fracture reduction or Kirschner wire infection. The anatomical morphology of the calcaneus was restored satisfactorily in the 37 patients. At preoperation, postoperation and the last follow-up, the B?hler angles were 13.3°±1.6°, 32.5°±5.5° and 32.7°±5.4° and the Gissane angles 78.3°±6.7°, 127.2°±6.7° and 128.0°±6.4°, respectively, showing significant differences between the preoperative and postoperative values ( P<0.05) but no significant differences between postoperation and the last follow-up ( P>0.05). The range of motion of the subtalar joint at 6 months postoperation was slightly limited in 25 cases and moderately limited in 12 cases, giving a rate of moderate and above limitation of 32.4% (12/37). By the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score at 12 months postoperation, 12 cases were excellent, 21 ones good and 4 ones fair, giving a good to excellent rate of 89.2% (33/37). Conclusion:Treatment with an absorbable stick plus Kirschner wire through the tarsal sinus incision may lead to fine clinical efficacy for Sanders Ⅱ & Ⅲ calcaneal fractures.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 11-22, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932205

ABSTRACT

Blast injury of the chest injury is the most common wound in modern war trauma and terrorist attacks, and is also the most fatal type of whole body explosion injury. Most patients with severe blast injury of the chest die in the early stage before hospitalization or during transportation, so first aid is critically important. At present, there exist widespread problems such as non-standard treatment and large difference in curative effect, while there lacks clinical treatment standards for blast injury of the chest. According to the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement, the Trauma Society of Chinese Medical Association has formulated the guidance of classification, pre-hospital first aid, in-hospital treatment and major injury management strategies for blast injury of the chest, aiming to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 984-991, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956617

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic results between axis pedicle screwing assisted by intraoperative 3-D navigation and freehand axis pedicle screwing in the treatment of Hangman fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the 64 patients with Hangman fracture who had received posterior axis pedicle screwing at Department of Spinal Surgery, The Sixth Hospital of Ningbo from May 2014 to December 2019. According to the placement methods of axis pedicle screws, they were divided into a navigation group ( n=34, subjected to axis pedicle screwing assisted by intraoperative 3-D navigation) and a freehand group ( n=30, subjected to freehand axis pedicle screwing). Pedicle screw placement time, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, fluoroscopy time, hospital stay, total hospitalization cost and complications were recorded and compared between the 2 groups. The accuracy of axis pedicle screw placement was evaluated according to the postoperative cervical CT and screw grading criteria proposed by Park et al. At admission, 3 months postoperation, and the last follow-up, neurological function of the patients was evaluated by modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) score, neck pain was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS), and C2/3 vertebral body angulation and C2 forward displacement were measured. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Moon grading at the last follow-up. Results:The navigation group and the freehand group were comparable due to insignificant differences between them in the preoperative general data ( P>0.05). The accuracy of screw placement in the navigation group (98.2%, 54/55) was significantly higher than that in the freehand group (85.2%, 46/54) ( P<0.05). The screw placement time, operation time, fluoroscopy time and total hospitalization cost in the navigation group were significantly more than those in the freehand group ( P<0.05). Vertebral artery injury occurred in 3 cases in the freehand group. Screw loosening, screw breakage or rod breakage occurred in none of the patients after operation. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the intraoperative bleeding, hospital stay or follow-up time ( P>0.05). In both groups, the VAS score, mJOA score, C2/3 vertebral body angulation and C2 forward displacement were significantly improved at 3 months postoperation and the last follow-up compared with those at admission ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the contemporary comparisons ( P>0.05). At the last follow-up, Moon grading in the navigation group was significantly better than that in the freehand group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of Hangman fracture, compared with freehand screw placement, axis pedicle screwing assisted by intraoperative 3-D navigation can improve accuracy and safety of screw placement and reduce postoperative complications, leading to better clinical efficacy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 719-723, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of the posterior axillary approach combined with the deltoid pectoralis major approach in the treatment of proximal humeral fracture combined with lower glenoid fracture.Methods:From July 2019 to September 2021, 7 patients were treated at Department of Traumatic Othopeadics, The Sixth Hospital of Ningbo for proximal humeral fracture combined with lower glenoid fracture by internal fixation via the posterior axillary approach combined with the deltoid pectoralis major approach. They were 2 males and 5 females, aged from 51 to 78 years (average, 62.9 years). All fractures were closed ones. According to the Neer classification for the proximal humeral fractures, there were one case of type Ⅱ, one case of type Ⅲ, 3 cases of type Ⅳ and 2 cases of type Ⅵ. According to the Ideberg classification for the glenoid fractures, 5 cases were type Ⅰ and 2 cases type Ⅱ. The anteroposterior, lateral and axillary X-ray films of the affected shoulder were taken at 6 and 12 weeks, and 6 and 12 months after operation to follow up fracture healing and occurrence of complications. The Constant-Murley shoulder joint scores and the Disability of Arm Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores for the upper limb dysfunction were recorded at the last follow-up for all patients.Results:All the 7 patients were followed up for 8 to 15 months (mean, 11.9 months). Bone union was achieved after an average of 4.3 months (from 3 to 6 months) in all patients. None of the functional activities was affected in all by postoperative shoulder joint instability, incision infection or axillary scar hyperplasia. At the last follow-up, their Constant-Murley scores averaged 83.4 points (from 55 to 92 points), and their DASH scores 13.5 points (from 4.2 to 33.3 points).Conclusion:In the treatment of proximal humeral fracture combined with lower glenoid fracture, the posterior axillary approach combined with the deltoid pectoralis major approach can lead to fine early curative efficacy due to their advantageous possibilities to allow for easy fracture reduction, reliable fixation and early rehabilitation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1006-1011, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of timing of rib internal fixation on early curative effect of patients with severe rib fracture complicated with respiratory failure.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted on clinical data of 33 patients with multiple rib fracture complicated with respiratory failure admitted to 909th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force (Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xiamen University Medical College) from January 2018 to October 2019.There were 26 males and 7 females; aged 60-87 years [(67.9±6.7)years]. The time interval from injury to open reduction and internal fixation was within 3 days in 16 patients (early operation group) and over 3 days in 17 patients (later operation group). The number of fixed ribs, operation time, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay, chest tube indwelling time and lenghth of hospital stay were compared in the two groups. The numeric rating scale (NRS) pain score was assessed at postoperative 1, 3 and 7 days. Postoperative complications were detected as well.Results:All patients were followed up for 8-24 months [(16.5±4.3)months]. Number of fixed ribs was not statistically different between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay, chest tube indwelling time and length of hospital stay in early operation group [(67.3±11.2)minutes, (103.9±28.2)hours, (5.2±1.9)days, (6.4±2.8)days, (12.5±3.5)days] were shorter than those in late operation group [(108.4±18.4)minutes, (160.8±89.3)hours, (10.1±2.3)days, (9.5±2.2)days, (18.0±4.5)days] ( P<0.05 or 0.01). The NRS score was (6.6±0.6)points, (3.3±0.6)points and (2.7±0.8)points in early operation group at postoperative 1, 3 and 7 days, significantly lower than those in late operation group [(7.4±1.1)points, (4.9±1.1)points, (3.9±0.7)points] ( P<0.05 or 0.01). The total complication rate was 25.0%(4/16) in early operation group, lower than 70.6%(12/17) in late operation group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For severe rib fracture complicated with respiratory failure, early open reduction and internal fixation can effectively reduce operation time, duration of mechanical ventilation, lenghth of ICU stay, chest tube indwelling time and lenghth of hospital stay, early relieve pain and decrease complications rate when compared with late operation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 992-998, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and ventilation therapy in the treatment of severe blast lung injury.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 37 patients with severe blast lung injury admitted to 909th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force (Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xianmen University Medical College) from January 2000 to December 2021, including 23 males and 14 females; aged 26-50 years [(36.3±11.1)years]. The chest abbreviated injury score (AIS) was 3-5 points. In all, 16 patients were treated with ECMO from January 2017 to December 2021 (ECMO group) and 21 with ventilator from January 2000 to December 2016 (ventilator group). Blood gas analysis indexes [arterial pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2), partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), blood lactate (Lac)] and hemodynamics indexes [central venous pressure (CVP), cardiac output index (CI), pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PAWP)] were compared in the two groups at 30 minutes before treatment and at 2, 4, 6 hours after treatment. The mechanical ventilation time, ICU length of stay, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score and mortality were measured at 7 days after treatment. Results:All patients were followed up for 24-48 months [(33.6±8.2)months]. The blood gas analysis and hemodynamic indexes were significantly improved in the two groups at 2, 4, 6 hours after treatment when compared with those at 30 minutes before treatment (all P<0.05), and the improvements were still statistically significant in ECMO group at 4, 6 hours after treatment when compared with those at 2 hours after treatment (all P<0.05), while not in ventilator group (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in blood gas analysis indexes or hemodynamic indexes between the two groups at 30 minutes before treatment (all P>0.05). After treatment for 2, 4, 6 hours, blood gas analysis indexes and hemodynamic indexes in ECMO group were statistically different from those in ventilator group (all P<0.05). After treatment for 7 days, the mechanical ventilation time, ICU length of stay, APACHE II score and mortality were (3.2±1.2)days, (5.4±1.3)days, (14.1±3.3)points and 12.5% (2/16) in ECMO group, significantly different from (5.1±1.6)days, (7.6±1.6)days, (10.2±2.6)days and 28.6% (6/21) in ventilator group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:For severe blast lung injury, ECMO can attain rapid and continuous improvement of refractory hypoxemia and dyspnea, shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU length of stay and reduce the mortality rate when compared with ventilator therapy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 977-984, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956530

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of standardized incision and conventional incision for reduction and internal fixation of multiple rib fracture.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 192 patients with multiple rib fracture treated in 909th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force (Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xianmen University Medical College) from January 2020 to January 2022. There were 101 males and 91 females; aged 32-94 years [(51.5±16.6)years]. The patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation with nickel-titanium shape memory alloy embracer via standard incision such as anterior axillary longitudinal incision (standard incision group, n=96) or conventional incision such as posterolateral incision (conventional incision group, n=96). The incision length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, number of fixed fractures, indwelling time of closed thoracic drainage tube, postoperative thoracic drainage volume, postoperative spontaneous ambulation time and length of hospital stay were compared in the two groups. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate pain at 1 month after operation. Postoperative complications were recorded. Results:All patients were followed up for 1-16 months [4.0(3.0, 10.5)months]. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, indwelling time of closed thoracic drainage tube, postoperative thoracic drainage volume, postoperative spontaneous ambulation time, length of hospital stay and VAS at postoperative 1 month in standard incision group [(12.1±1.6)cm, (51.4±13.0)minutes, (191.5±16.8)ml, (2.8±0.6)days, (568.9±109.0)ml, (4.1±0.7)days, (11.4±1.7)days, (2.5±0.7)points] were better than those in conventional incision group [(13.7±1.9)cm, (62.0±8.8)minutes, (248.9±65.4)ml, (4.8±1.1)days, (655.9±121.9)ml, (5.2±0.9)days, (15.3± 1.7)days, (3.5±0.7)points] ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no statistical difference in the number of fixed fractures between standard incision group and conventional incision group (5.1±0.8 vs. 5.4±0.9) ( P>0.05). In standard incision group, there were 3 patients with poor wound healing, 5 with pulmonary infection, 3 with atelectasis and 3 with small pleural effusion. In conventional incision group, there were 11 patients with poor wound healing, 9 with pulmonary infection, 7 with atelectasis and 7 with small pleural effusion. The incidence of postoperative complications was 14.6% (14/96) in standard incision group and 35.4% (34/96) in conventional incision group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:For multiple rib fracture, standard incision is superior to conventional incision reduction in shortening the incision length, operation time, indwelling time of drainage tube, postoperative spontaneous ambulation time and length of hospital stay, reducing the intraoperative blood loss and postoperative thoracic drainage volume, alleviating the pain and reducing the postoperative complications.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1089-1094, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of severe chest trauma complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:A case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 120 patients with severe chest trauma admitted to 909th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force (Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xianmen University Medical College) from January 2018 to December 2020. There were 75 males and 45 females; aged 21-72 years [(42.2±4.8)years]. The causes of injury were traffic injury in 57 patients, crush injury in 21, fall injury in 21, smash injury in 11 and others in 10. There were 34 patients accompanied by fracture of the limb, spine and pelvis, 23 by abdominal organ injury and 8 by head trauma, with the exception of simple thoracic trauma in 55 patients. The patients were divided into ARDS group ( n=25) and non-ARDS group ( n=95) according to the condition of concurrent ARDS. The two groups were compared regarding the gender, age, causes of injury, respiratory rate, lung contusion, lung infection, flail chest, chest abbreviated injury scale (AIS), hemothorax, blood pressure, partial arterial oxygen pressure (PaO 2), initial central venous pressure (CVP) on admission, combined fracture of the limb, spine and pelvis, combined head injury and combined abdominal organ injury. The correlation between the above indexes and ARDS after severe chest trauma was analyzed by univariate analysis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for ARDS after severe chest trauma. Results:Univariate analysis showed a positive correlation of ARDS with age, respiratory rate, lung contusion, lung infection, flail chest, chest AIS, hemothorax, blood pressure, PaO 2, initial CVP on admission, combined fracture of the limb, spine and pelvis and combined abdominal organ injury ( P<0.05 or 0.01), but not with gender, causes of injury or combined head injury (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that age ≥60 years ( OR=2.45, 95% CI 1.81-7.50, P<0.01), dyspnea (respiratory rate ≥28 times/minute or <10 times/minute) ( OR=9.55, 95% CI 2.26-9.38, P<0.01), lung contusion ( OR=6.78, 95% CI 1.84-6.96, P<0.01), lung infection ( OR=27.71, 95% CI 11.97-64.14, P<0.01), flail chest ( OR=8.97, 95% CI 2.29-14.97, P<0.01), chest AIS score ( OR=5.77, 95% CI 2.85-9.20, P<0.01), above medium amount of hemothorax ( OR=6.84, 95% CI 1.69-13.39, P<0.01), blood pressure <90 mmHg ( OR=7.93, 95% CI 1.64-11.84, P<0.01), PaO 2<60 mmHg ( OR=6.39, 95% CI 1.06-9.47, P<0.01) and absent initial CVP on admission ( OR=4.56, 95% CI 1.86-8.44, P<0.01) were significantly correlated with ARDS. Conclusion:Age ≥60 years, dyspnea (respiratory rate ≥28 times/minute or <10 times/minute), lung contusion, lung infection, flail chest, chest AIS, above medium l amount of hemothorax, blood pressure <90 mmHg, PaO 2<60 mmHg and absent initial CVP on admission are independent risk factors for ARDS in patients with severe chest trauma.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 608-614, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical significance of the coincidence test with 3D mirror image of unaffected side in the treatment of contralateral calcaneal fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the 35 patients who had been treated for single calcaneal fracture by coincidence test with 3D mirror image of unaffected side from January 2016 to June 2018 at Department of Trauma Orthopedics, The Sixth Hospital of Ningbo. They were 29 males and 6 females with an average age of 44 years (from 18 to 71 years). By Sanders classification, 19 cases were type Ⅱ and 16 cases type Ⅲ. CT scan and reconstruction of both calcaneuses was performed. The image of unaffected calcaneus was mirrored by Mimics software to guide virtual treatment of contralateral calcaneal fracture. Preoperatively the virtual bilateral calcaneuses and the reduced calcaneus were 3D printed to guide the actual operation. The coincidence test with 3D mirror image of unaffected side was used to evaluate fracture reduction after operation. Postoperative parameters such as B?hler Angle, Gissane Angle, calcaneal width, and coincidence of the affected calcaneal bone were recorded at 12 months after surgery. The clinical outcomes were assessed by American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score and visual analogue scale (VAS) score.Results:In this cohort, operation time averaged 43.9 min (from 30 to 55 min), time from admission to operation 3.6 d (from 0 to 14 d), and hospital stay 6.3 d (from 3 to 11 d). The patients were followed up for an average of 18.8 months (from 13 to 24 months). All patients achieved bone union after an average of 17 weeks (from 12 to 26 weeks). Re-collapse of subtalar articular surface, talocalcaneal joint fusion, loss of calcaneal height or length, and calcaneal width increase were observed in none of the patients. The VAS scores averaged 2 (from 0 to 4), and the AOFAS scores 93.3 (from 76 to 98). The total coincidence was 95.2%±3.5%. Spearman test indicated a positive correlation between postoperative total coincidence and AOFAS score ( ρ=0.588, P<0.05). Conclusion:The coincidence test with 3D mirror image of unaffected side can be used to treat contralateral calcaneal fracture, with advantages of reduced surgical time, increased surgical accuracy and fine clinical outcomes.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 273-276, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873690

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To estimate the transmission capacity of influenza clustering in schools and nurseries, and to evaluate the effect of suspension measures, providing a basis for formulating disease management strategies and control measures.@*Methods@#The SEIAR dynamics model was used to simulate the epidemic data, calculating the basic regeneration coefficient R 0 of the epidemic to evaluate the epidemic transmission capacity, and calculating the cumulative incidence rate of the epidemic to evaluate the prevention and control effect of the suspension measures.@*Results@#The basic regeneration coefficient R 0 was 8.44(8.01,8.89) without intervention. There were statistically significant differences in R 0 of influenza epidemic among different types of school(F=9.52, P<0.01). The R 0 of influenza epidemic in primary and secondary schools were higher than that in nurseries(P<0.05). R 0 of influenza A was higher than that of influenza B(t=2.71, P<0.01). R 0 of influenza A(H3) was higher than of influenza B(Victoria)(P<0.05). The cumulative incidence of the outbreaks which were suspended for 4 days and 7 days was significantly lower than that in the non-suspensions(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the cumulative incidence of the outbreaks between the 4-day suspension and the 7-day suspension(P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Transmission capacity of school-based influenza epidemic is high, especially among primary and secondary schools. When the epidemic situation of infected class meets the suspension standard, it is recommended to suspend classes for 4 days.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 459-466, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876077

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore and analyze the risk factors for arrhythmia in patients after heart valve replacement. Methods    A retrospective analysis of 213 patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass in our hospital from August 2017 to August 2019 was performed, including 97 males and 116 females, with an average age of 53.4±10.5 year and cardiac function classification (NYHA) grade of Ⅱ-Ⅳ. According to the occurrence of postoperative arrhythmia, the patients were divided into a non-postoperative arrhythmia group and a postoperative arrhythmia group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared, and the influencing factors for arrhythmia after heart valve replacement were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Results    There were 96 (45%) patients with new arrhythmia after heart valve replacement surgery, and the most common type of arrhythmia was atrial fibrillation (45 patients, 18.44%). Preoperative arrhythmia rate, atrial fibrillation operation rate, postoperative minimum blood potassium value, blood magnesium value in the postoperative arrhythmia group were significantly lower than those in the non-postoperative arrhythmia group (P<0.05); hypoxemia incidence, hyperglycemia incidence, acidosis incidence, fever incidence probability were significantly higher than those in the non-postoperative arrhythmia group (P<0.05). The independent risk factors for postoperative arrhythmia were the lowest postoperative serum potassium value (OR=0.305, 95%CI 0.114-0.817), serum magnesium value (OR=0.021, 95%CI 0.002-0.218), and hypoxemia (OR=2.490, 95%CI 1.045-5.930). Conclusion    Taking precautions before surgery, improving hypoxemia after surgery, maintaining electrolyte balance and acid-base balance, monitoring blood sugar, detecting arrhythmia as soon as possible and dealing with it in time can shorten the ICU stay time, reduce the occurrence of complications, and improve the prognosis of patients.

16.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 1-3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862477

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the research progress in new formulations of norcantharidin. Methods The foreign and domestic literature search in the new formulations of norcantharidin was conducted. The research and development of norcantharidin formulations were summarized and commented. Results The drug delivery systems, such as microspheres, nanoparticles, liposomes, and microemulsions, have great development potential as the new formulations for norcantharidin. Conclusion Norcantharidin is an excellent anti-tumor drug. The traditional injections and tablets have serious side effects in clinical application. The new formulations reduced the renal and urinary toxicity and side effects. Those formulations provided better therapeutic effects as target medication. Therefore, the new norcantharidin formulations have great development prospects.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 71-77, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of TCF7L2 gene polymorphism and related mechanisms in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are at high risk for osteoporosis (OP) .Methods:148 postmenopausal women with T2DM from Jan. 2019 to Jun. 2020 were selected as study subjects. Among them, 86 patients combined with OP (T2DM+OP group) and 62 patients without OP (T2DM group) were included, and 100 healthy postmenopausal women who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period were included as the control group. Fasting venous blood was extracted to detect clinical and bone metabolism indicators. Two SNP sites of TCF7L2, rs7901695 (T>C) and rs290487 (C>T) , were genotyped by capillary electrophoresis and section analysis (SNaPshot) . The relative mRNA expression of TCF7L2 gene was determined by quantitative real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR assay. To investigate the effects of overexpression and silencing of TCF7L2 on proliferation of rat osteoblasts, lentiviral vectors were constructed.Results:For rs7901695, TT, TC and CC genotypes in T2DM+OP group, T2DM group and control group were significantly different ( χ2=12.545, P=0.014) , and the frequency distribution of T and C alleles was significantly different among the three groups ( χ2=17.089, P<0.001) . For RS290487, CC, CT and TT genotypes of T2DM+OP group, T2DM group and control group were significantly different ( χ2=10.500, P=0.033) , and the frequency distribution of C and T alleles was significantly different among the three groups ( χ2=14.665, P=0.001) . For rs7901695, FPG and TG levels in T2DM+OP patients with CC+TC genotype were significantly higher than those with wild-type TT genotype (FPG: t=2.559, P=0.014; TG: t=2.034, P=0.036) , while serum calcium and 25OHD3 levels were significantly lower than those with Wild-type TT genotype (calcium: t=3.889, P<0.001; 25OHD: t=4.112, P<0.001) . For rs290487 site, serum calcium, BGP and 25OHD3 levels in T2DM+OP patients with TT+CT genotype were significantly lower than those with wild-type CC genotype, and the difference was statistically significant (calcium: t=3.751, P<0.001; BGP: 2.731, P=0.007; 25OHD3: t=3.225, P=0.002) . The relative mRNA expression level of TCF7L2 gene in T2DM+OP patients was significantly lower than that in T2DM group and the control group ( F=5.735, P<0.05) . With the increase of Allele C at rs7901695, the relative mRNA expression level of TCF7L2 gene decreased gradually ( F=5.723, P<0.05) . In addition, the proliferation rate of rat osteoblasts overexpressed by TCF7L2 was significantly increased, while the proliferation level of TCF7L2 silenced osteoblasts was significantly decreased ( F=7.846, P<0.05) . Conclusion:In postmenopausal WOMEN with T2DM, the variation of TCF7L2 gene will lead to the decrease of gene expression level, and the suppression of osteoblasts proliferation, thus participate in the pathogenesis of OP.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 950-955, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867810

ABSTRACT

Rib fracture is the most common chest trauma, accounting for almost 10% of all trauma patients. Non-surgical treatment of the fractures without significant displacement can achieve good results. Surgical treatment is often needed for multiple rib fractures, especially flail chest, which can induce severe pain, respiratory and circulatory abnormalities, accompanied by severe lung contusion and laceration, hemopneumothorax and blunt heart injury. Open reduction and internal fixation of rib fracture often involves multiple ribs. Traditional rib fracture surgery requires a large incision to achieve satisfactory exposure effect, which causes damages to the chest wall muscle, blood vessels and nerve damages, significantly increasing postoperative incision infection and dysfunctions in the upper limb, shoulder, back and long-term chest numbness and pain and seriously affecting the quality of patients' daily life. Therefore, it is gradually abandoned by surgeons. Experts have explored various minimally invasive surgical methods for the treatment of multiple rib fractures. The authors review the research progress of minimally invasive technology in the treatment of multiple rib fractures, in order to provide better help for clinical treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 678-685, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867772

ABSTRACT

The incidence of fragility fractures of the pelvis (FFP) in elderly patients has been gradually increased. FFP has become another type of injury that threatens the lives of elderly patients because of high disability rate and mortality. The special physical condition of the elderly patients such as osteoporosis, chronic medical diseases and disability determines the specialty in diagnosis and treatment of FFP. The perioperative treatment is more difficult than other patients. FFP in elderly patients is different from the high violent mechanism of pelvis fractures in young patients, and its fracture morphology and classification are also varied. Surgical treatment is to stabilize the mechanical transmission structure of the pelvic ring, improve clinical symptoms, reduce long-term bed-related complications and restore painless daily self-care. In recent years, the surgical treatment of the pelvic fractures has made significant progress. However, there still remains controversy in treating FFP in elderly patients. The authors discuss the perioperative hot issues on FFP in elderly patients, hoping to realize the standard management of FFP.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 608-613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867763

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block on the changes of analgesic efficacy and inflammatory response in patients with multiple rib fractures.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was performed in 48 patients with multiple rib fractures admitted to 909th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force from July 2016 to December 2018. There were 30 males and 18 females, with the age range of 18-69 years[(41.1±10.4)years]. The number of fractured ribs was 3-9 (5.7±1.9). All patients were stabilized with the memory alloy embracing fixator. Thoracic paravertebral block group received ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block and intravenous analgesia group received patient controlled intravenous analgesia, with 24 patients in each group. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was observed and recorded in the resting/cough state before induction of anesthesia(T1), and 1 h (T2), 6 h (T3), 24 h (T4) and 48 h (T5) after surgery. Blood samples were taken simultaneously from the vein for determination of plasma neutrophil elastase (NE), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations by ELISA method.Results:In the resting state, there was no significant difference between two groups in VAS at T1 ( P>0.05); the VAS in two groups at T2-T5 decreased significantly compared with T1 ( P<0.01); the VAS at T2-T4 in thoracic paravertebral block group [(3.4±0.7)points, (3.2±0.8)points, (3.1±0.7)points] was significantly lower than that in intravenous analgesia group [(4.8±0.9)points, (4.4±0.7)points, (3.9±0.8)points]( P<0.01 ). In the cough state, there was no significant difference between two groups in VAS at T1 ( P>0.05); the VAS at T2-T5 in intravenous analgesia group was all higher than 6 points[(7.7±1.0)points, (7.6±1.3)points, (7.4±1.2)points, (7.1±0.9)point], and was significantly higher than those in thoracic paravertebral block group [(3.6±0.7)points, (3.3±0.7)points, (3.2±0.6)points, (2.9±0.7)points] ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference between two groups in plasma levels of NE, TNF-α and IL-6 at T1 ( P>0.05). Their levels at T2 in two groups were significantly increased, but were decreased at T5 compared with those at T1 ( P<0.01). The plasma levels of NE, TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly lower in thoracic paravertebral block group at T2-T5 [NE: (65.5±19.0)ng/ml, (42.5±12.5)ng/ml, (26.3±9.3)ng/ml, (20.9±7.9)ng/ml; TNF-α: (8.7±1.9)pg/ml, (6.0±1.3)pg/ml, (3.9±0.9)pg/ml, (2.8±0.8)pg/ml; IL-6: (11.5±3.6)pg/ml, (6.7±1.8)pg/ml, (3.6±1.0)pg/ml, (2.5±0.7)pg/ml] than those in intravenous analgesia group[NE: (76.7±18.2)ng/ml, (51.4±15.1)ng/ml, (35.5±10.0)ng/ml, (28.6±9.0)ng/ml; TNF-α: (10.0±2.1)pg/ml, (6.8±1.5)pg/ml, (4.7±1.1)pg/ml, (3.6±1.0)pg/ml; IL-6: (16.2±4.2)pg/ml, (8.7±2.1)pg/ml, (5.7±1.2)pg/ml, (3.5±0.7)pg/ml] ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusion:Compared with intravenous analgesia, ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block can provide better analgesic effect, reduce the plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines that result from trauma and surgery, and down-regulate inflammatory response.

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