Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 70
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 579-599, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908412

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs) are highly heterogeneous, and the management of pNENs patients can be intractable. To address this challenge, an expert committee was established on behalf of the Chinese Pancreatic Surgery Association, Chinese Society of Surgery, Chinese Medical Association, which consisted of surgical oncologists, gastroenterologists, medical oncologists, endocrinologists, radiologists, pathologists, and nuclear medicine specialists. By reviewing the important issues regarding the diagnosis and treatment of pNENs, the committee concluded evidence-based statements and recommendations in this article, in order to further improve the management of pNENs patients in China.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1645-1657, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951931

ABSTRACT

Steroid hormones play important roles in brain development and function. The signaling of steroid hormones depends on the interaction between steroid receptors and their coactivators. Although the function of steroid receptor coactivators has been extensively studied in other tissues, their functions in the central nervous system are less well investigated. In this study, we addressed the function of steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC3) – a member of the p160 SRC protein family that is expressed predominantly in the hippocampus. While hippocampal development was not altered in Src3

3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1645-1657, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922643

ABSTRACT

Steroid hormones play important roles in brain development and function. The signaling of steroid hormones depends on the interaction between steroid receptors and their coactivators. Although the function of steroid receptor coactivators has been extensively studied in other tissues, their functions in the central nervous system are less well investigated. In this study, we addressed the function of steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC3) - a member of the p160 SRC protein family that is expressed predominantly in the hippocampus. While hippocampal development was not altered in Src3


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Hippocampus , Long-Term Potentiation , Neuronal Plasticity , Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 3/genetics , Synapses
4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 466-473, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the expression level of platelet microparticle (PMP) and the disease activity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in IBD patients, and to explore the ability of PMP from different sources to induce the formation of neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) in vitro. Methods:From May 2018 to July 2019, 118 patients with IBD admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology at The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were selected, among whom 54 cases were ulcerative colitis (UC) patients (UC group) and mild, moderate and severe cases were 17, 25 and 12, respectively; and 64 cases were Crohn′s disease (CD) (CD group), 6 were in remission stage, and mild, moderate, severe cases were 27, 22 and 9, respectively. During the same period, 35 healthy individuals with normal checkups were selected as the healthy control group. Specimens were collected and the expression levels of PMP were measured by flow cytometry.And the correlation between the expression level of PMP and the disease activity index (DAI) score was analyzed.NET formation experiment groups were set up, including neutrophils of healthy control group (6 cases), neutrophils of IBD group (6 cases), neutrophils of healthy controls + PMP of IBD group (12 cases) and neutrophils of healthy controls+ PMP group (6 cases). After immunofluorescence staining, the proportion of NET formation of each group was observed under laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman correlation analysis and Independent-sample t test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The expression levels of PMP in peripheral blood of the UC group and the CD group were 2 184.5(2 817.0)/μL and 2 209.0(2 409.0)/μL, respectively, which were all higher than that of the healthy control group (776.0(407.0)/μL), and the differences were statistically significant ( U=-6.018 and -6.426, both P<0.01). The expression level of PMP of patients with severe UC was 3 873.0(4 611.3)/μL, which was higher than those of patients with mild or moderate UC (1 248.0(1 888.0)/μL and 1 432.0(1 783.0)/μL, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant ( U=-2.745 and -2.547, both P<0.05). The expression level of PMP of patients with severe CD was 5 658.0(5 067.5)/μL, which was higher than those of patients with mild or moderate CD or in remission (1 327.5(1 934.0)/μL, 1 405.0(2 965.0)/μL and 2 300.0(1 552.0)/μL, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant ( U=-1.650, -1.955 and -1.306, all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the expression level of PMP between the UC group and the CD group, between the mild and moderate UC patients, and between the CD in remission and the mild, moderate patients (all P>0.05). The results of correlation analysis showed that the expression levels of PMP in peripheral blood of patients with UC or CD were positively correlated with DAI score and CRP ( r=0.406, 0.358, 0.325, and 0.256; all P<0.05). The proportion of NET formation in the neutrophils of healthy control+ PMP of IBD group was (14.67±5.35) %, which was higher than those of the neutrophils of healthy control groap, neutrophils of IBD group and neutrophils of healthy control+ PMP group ((2.00±0.63)%, (1.67±0.82)% and (5.83±2.86)%), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=5.694, 8.230 and 3.748, all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of NET formation between the neutrophils of healthy control group and the neutrophils of IBD group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The expression level of PMP in peripheral blood of IBD patients increases and is correlated with the disease activity degree in IBD patients. PMP has the ability to induce the NET formation in neutrophils. Moreover, PMP of IBD patients is more likely to induce NET formation than those of healthy individuals, which may be involved in the intestinal inflammatory process by activating neutrophils to produce NET.

5.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 623-627, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of enhancing the strength of the hamstring on the stability of the knee joint.Methods:Thirty patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears were randomly divided into a training group ( n=15) and a control group ( n=15). After the injury′s edema stage, all of the subjects received the standard 6-stage rehabilitation training for ACL injury, including isokinetic exercise, isometric tension and contraction exercise, single or bipedal jumping, proprioception exercises and cardiovascular exercise. On the basis of that standard training, additional hamstring strengthening training was given to the training group. It involved three sessions of weight-bearing flexion of the knee joint six to eight times, at least five times a week for three months. All of the subjects underwent the passive relaxation test (PRT), knee function scoring (Lysholm scores) and weight-bearing MRI before and within 1 month after the training. Anterior shift of the tibia (TAS) was measured using weight-bearing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results:Before the training there were no significant differences between the groups in terms of average PRT or Lysholm scores. After the training, the average PRT score in neither group had improved significantly. The average Lysholm scores of the training and control groups were not significantly different either, though both groups′ averages had improved significantly compared with before the training. The average tibial shifts were also significantly smaller than before the training, with the training group′s average significantly smaller than that of the control group.Conclusion:Increasing hamstring muscle strength can reduce tibial anteversion in the weight-bearing upright position and improve the stability of the knee joint after ACL injury.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811678

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia in December 2019, the diagnosis and treatment of patients with cancer have been facing great challenges. Although oncologists are not fighting on the front line to against the epidemic, during this special period, we should not only protect patients, their families and medical staff from the infection of novel Coronavirus, but also minimize the impact of the epidemic on the diagnosis and the treatment of patients with cancer. Combining the guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of tumors with our clinical experience, in this epidemic period, we discuss the strategies for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of malignant tumors of the digestive system in this article.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 265-269, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753385

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatments and prognosis of acute obstructive suppurative pancreatic ductitis ( AOSPD) , and to discuss its pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment strategy. Methods 63 AOSPD cases reported in Chinese and foreign literature from June 1993 to January 2019 were collected. The sex, age of onset, etiology and potential risk factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, imaging findings, treatments and prognosis were recorded. Results The male to female ratio was 53 / 10, and the median age of onset was 59 years. The etiology and risk factors included chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic neoplasms, diabetes mellitus, history of endoscopic intervention and alcoholism before the onset of AOSPD. The main clinical manifestations were epigastric pain and fever, and sepsis and shock might occur in a few cases. The serum amylase was 13-1946 ( IU/L) at the early stage of onset and it decreased to varying degrees after treatments. Imaging examination showed that pancreatic duct dilatation was found in 54 patients and pancreatic duct stones were found in 42 patients. Pancreatic juice culture was bacteria-positive in more than 31 cases, and the common pathogenic bacteria were Enterococcus and Escherichia coli. Therapeutic methods included endoscopic pancreatic stent implantation ( n=36 ) , endoscopic nasopancreatic drainage (n=22), surgical operation (n=4) and antibiotic treatment, and the condictions in most of the patients were improved to some extent after treatments. Conclusions Older age, male, chronic pancreatic disease, history of endoscopic intervention and drinking, and diabetes mellitus were the main etiological factors of AOSPD. The clinical manifestations of AOSPD were nonspecific but could be complicated by severe complications. Imaging examination and pancreatic juice culture can help to confirm the diagnosis. Antibiotic therapy, timely endoscopic interventions and surgical procedures can improve the short-term prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 146-151, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804789

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the survival difference of patients with colon and rectal neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN) at different stages.@*Methods@#We identified 8 679 patients with colorectal NEN diagnosed between 1988 and 2014 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry, including 5 437 rectal NEN and 3 242 colon NEN ( 1 681 cecum NEN ). Survival curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression model.@*Results@#The ratio of male patients with colon and rectal NEN was similar to female (P=0.095). Rectal NEN patients were younger (P<0.001), more highly differentiated (P<0.001), and with earlier stage (P<0.001). Survival analysis showed that the survival of rectal NEN was superior to that of colon NEN, with 10-year tumor-specific survival rates of 86.8% and 44.8% respectively (P<0.001). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that age, gender, marital status, primary tumor site, grade, stage and surgery were independent prognostic factors of colorectal NEN (all P<0.01). The most important factor was stage (HR=3.531), followed by differentiation grade (HR=1.856). Stratified analysis displayed that the survival of rectal NEN in stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅳ were better than those of corresponding stage of colon NEN (all P<0.05), but worse in stage Ⅲ (P=0.012). While the survival of rectal NEN were significantly better than those of colon NEN within all stages after excluding 1681 cases of cecal NEN (all P<0.05). Among the patients with well-differentiated NEN, the survival of rectal NEN in stage Ⅰ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ were better than those of corresponding stage of colon NEN (all P<0.05) while there was no significant difference in stage Ⅱ(P=0.169). For poor-differentiated NEN, only the survival of rectal NEN patients in stage Ⅳ (P=0.001) was significant longer than those of colon NEN, while there was no significant difference in stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ (stage Ⅰ: P=0.760; stage Ⅱ: P=0.181; stage Ⅲ: P=0.313).@*Conclusions@#The survival of NEN patients in colon and rectum is different. Cecum NEN should be considered as a separated tumor for prognostic analysis due to its special clinicopathologic characteristics.

9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 161-165, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806248

ABSTRACT

The detection of circulating tumor DNA is a quick, low cost and reliable approach of liquid biopsy of cancer. It has a wide range of applications for tumor screening because of its noninvasive, convenient and highly repeatable features. In terms of the targeted therapy in patients with colorectal cancer, serial monitoring of circulating tumor DNA, especially for the specific genetic alterations, can be used for prognosis, monitoring resistance, evaluation of therapeutic effects and screening combined targeted therapy. Therefore, it will guide more precise treatment of colorectal cancer.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 400-404, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806688

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of resolvin D1 on autophagy in the prevention of acute pancreatitis (AP) in mice. @*Methods@#Thirty C57BL/6 mice were divided into control group, AP group and resolvin D1 group. AP model was established by intraperitoneal injection of cerulein at 50 μg·kg-1·h-1. Resolvin D1 was intraperitoneally given at 50 μg/kg one hour before and four hours after modeling. The mice of control group were intraperitoneally injected the same volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The serum levels of amylase and lipase were measured by colorimetric method. The pathological injury of the lung and pancreatitis were observed under optical microscope. Autophagic vacuoles in acinar cells of pancreas of mice were evaluated by transmission electron microscope. And the expressions of autophagy related markers Beclin-1, p62 and LC3-Ⅱ at the mRNA and protein levels in pancreas of mice were detected by real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting method. One-way analysis of variance and SNK-q were performed for statistical analysis. @*Results@#There were statistically significant differences in serum amylase and lipase levels between control group, AP group and resolvin D1 group (F=62.99 and 149.69, both P<0.01). The serum amylase and lipase levels of mice in resolvin D1 group were lower than those of AP group ((525.08±41.12) U/L vs. (752.62±42.03) U/L, (758.24±134.77) U/L vs. (1 201.06±112.53) U/L), and the differences were both statistically significant (both SNK-q test and P<0.01). In addition, there were statistically significant differences in the ratio of the pancreas and lung wet mass to body mass between control group, AP group and resolvin D1 group (F=11.36 and 18.51, both P<0.05). Pathological injury scores of pancreas and lung of resolvin D1 group were both lower than those of AP group (3.3±0.6 vs. 5.6±0.6, 5.4±0.5 vs. 8.8±0.4), and the differences were statistically significant (both SNK-q test and P<0.05). The results of transmission electron microscopy observation revealed that the number of autophagic vacuole of resolvin D1 group was less than that of AP group, and the size was smaller. Moreover, there were statistically significant differences in Beclin-1, p62 and LC3-Ⅱ mRNA between control group, AP group and resolvin D1 group (F=270.95, 151.83 and 124.77, all P<0.05). The relative expression mRNA levels of Beclin-1, p62 and LC3-Ⅱ of resolvin D1 group were 1.59±0.12, 2.75±0.27 and 1.34±0.14, respectively, which were lower than those of AP group (2.68±0.13, 3.32±0.30 and 3.37±0.26, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (all SNK-q test and P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the expressions of Beclin-1, p62 and LC3-Ⅱat the protein level between control group, AP group and resolvin D1 group (F=116.63, 384.40 and 192.45, all P<0.05). The expressions of Beclin-1, p62 and LC3-Ⅱ at protein level of resolvin D1 group were 0.98±0.03, 0.57±0.04 and 0.31±0.03, respectively, which were lower than those of AP group (1.34±0.07, 1.02±0.03 and 0.48±0.04, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (all SNK-q test and P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Resolvin D1 ameliorates the severity of AP by attenuating the impaired autophagy and restoring autophagic flux in AP mice.

11.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 881-884, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696928

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of multimodal magnetic resonance myocardial perfusion imaging (MR-MPI)in detecting myocardial viability of coronary heart disease.Methods 52 patients suspected or diagnosed coronary heart disease confirmed with SPECT myocardial perfusion and had MR-MPI examination were collected.MR-MPI protocol included double inversion T2WI fat suppressed imaging,diffusion weighted imaging(DWI),resting perfusion and dipyridamole myocardial perfusion.Results In 52 patients,the sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value and negative predictive value of MR-MPI were 89.13%,66.67%,95.35% and 44.44% respectively.Conclusion MR-MPI can effectively detect myocardial viability in coronary heart disease.MR-MPI exhibits high clinical value for qualitative evaluation of degree of the myocardial ischemic coronary heart disease.

12.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 609-612, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696874

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of 3.0T dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI)quantitative parameters for the diagnosis,pathological classification,clinical staging and lymph node status of cervical cancer.Methods The DCE-MRI data of 41 cases with cervical cancer and 1 5 cases with normal cervix were analyzed retrospectively.The quantitative parameters including Ktrans,Kepand Ve were obtained by Siemens Tissue 4D software.Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 22.0.Results The Ktransand Kepvalues of cervical cancer group were significantly higher than normal cervix group(P<0.001),and there was no statistical difference in Vevalue between the two groups(P>0.05).The Ktransvalue of squamous carcinoma was significantly higher than adenocarcinoma(P<0.05),while Kep and Vevalues showed no statistical differences(P>0.05).The Ktransvalue of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)for early cervical cancer was significantly lower than that for advanced cervical cancer(P<0.05),while Kepand Vevalues showed no statistical differences (P>0.05).There were no statistically significant differences in Ktrans,Kepand Vevalues between cervical cancer with or without lymph node metastasis(P>0.05).Conclusion The quantitative parameters of 3.0T DCE-MRI can be used for the diagnosis, pathological classification and clinical staging of cervical cancer,and it is also of great significance for the rational formulation of the clinical treatment plan.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 687-690, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711619

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of applying threshold and region-growing based algorithm in computed tomography (CT) images for the estimation of hepatic lesion volumes in patients with Tusanqi related hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS).Methods From July 2012 to January 2015,at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University,20 patients who were diagnosed with SOS and had complete CT images were enrolled.Stereology and threshold and regiongrowing based algorithm were performed to estimate volumes of the low-density region in the liver,respectively,and then the measured volumes of hepatic lesion and operation time were compared.Paired samples t test and the Bland-Altman statistical test were performed for statistical analysis.Results The hepatic lesion volumes measured by stereology and threshold and region-growing based algorithm were (1.001±0.327) dm3 and (1.045±0.363) dm3,respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05).The consistency between the two methods was good.The operation time of threshold and region-growing based algorithm was (597.55±52.86) s (minimum 500 s),which was less than that of stereology (1 251.60 ± 105.88) s (minimum 1 075 s),and the difference was statistically significant (t =32.808,P< 0.01).Conclusion There is no statistically significant difference in the measured hepatic lesion volume of patients with SOS between stereology and the threshold and regiongrowing based algorithm,but the operation time of threshold and region-growing based algorithm is shorter.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 19-23, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506918

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of gastrin?17( G?17) and pepsinogen( PG) for gastric cancer. Methods A multicenter cross?sectional study of patients with continuous stomach discomfort from four centers including Changhai Hospital Affiliated to Second Military Medical University, the First Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, Qinghai Provincial People′s Hospital and the First Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University of Chinese Medicine from May 2014 to September 2015 was conducted. Before gastroscopy, fasting serum gatrin?17 and pepsinogen were analyzed by enzyme?linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The efficacy of G?17 and PG were evaluated according to endoscopic and pathological results. Results Based on the results of the pathological diagnosis, 1 122 cases were enrolled and divided into chronic atrophic gastritis group ( 548 cases ) , chronic non?atrophic gastritis group ( 370 cases), and gastric cancer group(204 cases). Serum G?17 and PGⅡ levels significantly increased(P7 pmol/L and PGR7 pmol/L and PGⅡ>10μg/L was regarded as the cut?off value, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 48?04%, 79?74%, 73?98%, 34?51% and 87?35% respectively. If PGR10 μg/L was regarded as the cut?off value, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 33?82%, 84?86%, 75?58%, 33?17% and 85?23% respectively. Based on logistic regression analysis of the independent variables of high serum G?17 value(>7 pmol/L), low serum PGR value(10 μg/L), their OR value were 2?592, 2?237 and 1?864 respectively, and high serum G?17 value showed the highest risk of gastric cancer. Conclusion High serum G?17 and PGⅡ, low PGR are indicators of gastric cancer. Combination of G?17 and PGR has the best diagnostic value for gastric cacer. Gastric cancer can be screened in large scale by combining G?17 and PGR in order to improve the early diagnostic rate of gastric cancer and reduce the mortality of gastric cancer in our country.

15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 561-565, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809164

ABSTRACT

Treatment of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a huge challenge since a widely accepted therapeutic strategy has not been identified. There are some special features in patients with HCC in China, such as are mainly related to hepatitis B virus infection, often diagnosed as advanced or end-stage disease, and usually have a poorer prognosis compared with patients in western countries. Hence, appropriate treatments are urgently needed for these patients. Notably, immune-oncology therapy has been received increased attention in recent years. Based on promising results observed in clinical trials, immune-oncology therapy has been approved for treatment of various malignant diseases and brings a new hope to the treatment of advanced HCC. The review summarizes the current situation of advanced HCC treatment in China and discusses the prospects of immuno-oncology therapy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 236-238, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808395

ABSTRACT

Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines of the 4th Edition proposed solutions to 7 clinically contentious questions. However, the solutions to question 1-3 are not complete and may cause ambiguity. In order to avoid the wrong choice of surgical resection, the solutions to question 1-3 should be clearly defined. For question 1-3, we suggest provisos be added such as patients with resectable M1 disease and without any other non-curable factors, after whose status and tumor biological behavior being fully understood and being fully discussed by a multidisciplinary team, can be recommended to receive comprehensive treatment including surgical resection.

17.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 282-286, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610225

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is a precancerous lesion of gastric cancer.The diagnostic value of serum gastrin-17 (G-17) level for CAG differs substantioulsy, and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection may play an important role.Aims: To explore the effect of Hp infection on serum G-17 level, and the diagnostic value of serum G-17 level for CAG under different Hp infection status.Methods: A total of 204 patients with chronic non-atrophic gastritis and 81 patients with CAG from May 2014 to May 2015 at the three different hospitals were enrolled.Gastroscopy was performed, fasting serum G-17 level, postprandial serum G-17 level and Hp-IgG antibody were determined by ELISA.Results: Fasting serum G-17 level was significantly increased in Hp positive group than in Hp negative group (P=0.001), and postprandial serum G-17 level was significantly decreased in CAG group than in non-atrophy group (P=0.002).AUC of fasting serum G-17 level for diagnosing Hp positive and negative CAG were 0.634 (95% CI: 0.537-0.732) and 0.576 (95% CI: 0.478-0.675), respectively, the accuracy were 62.6% and 54.9%, respectively.AUC of postprandial serum G-17 level for diagnosing Hp positive and negative CAG were 0.675 (95% CI: 0.581-0.769) and 0.595 (95% CI: 0.495-0.694), respectively, the accuracy were 61.8% and 53.1%, respectively.Conclusions: Hp infection has impact on serum G-17 level, as a result, the diagnostic value of G-17 level for CAG is different for patients with and without Hp infection.Diagnostic values of fast and postprandial serum G-17 for Hp positive CAG are higher than Hp negative CAG.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 768-772, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609652

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of low dose dual phase contrast-enhanced chest CT with iterative mod el reconstruction (IMR) technique.Methods Totally 130 patients with suspected pulmonary occupying lesions underwent dual phase contrast-enhanced chest CT,who were randomly assigned into 2 groups (group A and group B,each n=65).Patients in group A were scanned with 100 kV,DoseRight technique with dose right index 10,and images were reconstructed with the hybrid iterative reconstruction (iDose4).While patients in group B were scanned with 80 kV,DoseRight technique with dose right index 8,and images were reconstructed with iterative model reconstruction (IMR).The objective image quality,subjective image scores and the excellence rate of vascular visualization were compared in both pulmonary artery (PA) and bronchial artery (BA) phases.The radiation dose was also calculated.Results The effective dose was (3.30 ±0.89)mSv in group A and (1.27 ±0.19)mSv in group B.Compared to group A,the effective dose reduced 61.52% in group B (P<0.001).Lower image noise and greater CNR were obtained in group B compared to group A in both PA and BA phases (all P<0.001).No significant difference was found in subjective image scores of lung and mediastinal setting and the excellence rate of vascular visualization in both groups (all P>0.05).Conclusion Using IMR,dual phase contrast-enhanced chest CT allows for a radiation dose reduction up to 61.52%,meanwhile,ensures the image quality and meets the diagnostic requirements.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 498-502, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484505

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether Hcy influenced the intestinal mucosal permeability by regulating MEK-ERK-MLCK pathway. Methods SD rats were divided into 4 groups:normal group, normal+Hcy group, TN-BS/ethanol group, TNBS/ethanol+Hcy group. Experi-mental colitis model with hyperhomocystinemia was es-tablished in rats with intracolonic administration of TN-BS and subcutaneous injection of Hcy. The colonic mucosal tissue was collected for histopathological exam-ination and activity of myeloperoxidase ( MPO ) . The protein expression of MLCK, p-MLCK, MEK, ERK and p-ERK in intestinal mucosal tissues was examined by Western blot method. The mRNA expression of ML-CK was examined by RT-qPCR method. Result Com-pared with the normal group and TNBS group, the DAI and HI scores and the MPO activity were increased in TNBS/ethanol+Hcy group ( P <0. 01 ) . Western blot and RT-qPCR showed that expression of MLCK, p-ML-CK, MEK, ERK and p-ERK increased in small intes-tine in TNBS/ethanol+Hcy group. Conclusion Hcy can increase intestinal permeability in TNBS-induced colitis rats by regulating the expression of MEK-ERK-MLCK signal pathway.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 692-697, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502534

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate clinical application value of critical flicker frequency (CFF),psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES) and Stroop test in the diagnosis of covert hepatic encephalopathy (CHE).Methods A total of 110 patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis and 54 individuals without liver diseases were enrolled as control group.According to PHES<-4 points as reference threshold for CHE,the threshold of CFF and time of Stroop test for CHE diagnosis was caculated.Positive results of at least two of PHES,CFF and Stroop tests was considered as the gold standard for CHE diagnosis,and then the value of these three methods in CHE diagnosis was evaluated.Student's t test and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) were used for statistical analysis.Results Among the 110 patients with liver cirrhosis,40 patients had no hepatic encephalopathy (HE0),52 patients had CHE,and 18 patients had grade 2 hepatic encephalopathy (HE2).The CFF value and total time of Stroop test of control group were (43.70±1.92) Hz and (201.17±20.65) s,respectively.The CFF value of HE0 group was (41.40 ± 1.85) Hz,which was higher than that of CHE group ((38.33 ± 2.32) Hz),and the difference was statistically significant (t=-7.116,P<0.01).The total time of Stroop test of HE0 group was (197.91±26.68) s,which was shorter than that of CHE group ((253.24± 33.33) s),and the difference was statistically significant (t=8.936,P<0.01).When PHES<-4 points was considered as a reference threshold of CHE,the threshold of CFF for CHE diagnosis was 39 Hz,the sensitivity was 94.9% and the specificity was 73.1%,the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.879.The threshold of the total time of Stroop test for CHE diagnosis was 233.80 s,the sensitivity was 83.3 % and the specificity was 71.1%,the AUC was 0.803.The completion time of the number connection test (NCT)-A,NCT-B and digit symbol test (DST),which were there of five subtests of PHES,of CHE group were (80.27±36.05) s,(124.18±55.96) s and (25.03±8.23) s,respectively,compared with those of HE0 patients ((56.68±18.82) s,(80.00±25.58) s and (34.68±8.75) s,respectively),the differences were statistically significant (t =3.691,4.108 and-4.780;all P<0.01).Compared with the results of combined PHES and Stroop test in the diagnosis of HE0,CHE and HE2,the consistency rates of CFF<39 Hz as threshold for diagnosis were 95.0%,61.5% and 100.0%,respectively.Conclusions NCT-A,NCT-B and DST three subtests of PHES have higher efficiency in CHE diagnosis.CFF and Stroop test are also reliable screening methods for CHE,with advantage of objectivity and high specificity.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL