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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 623-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of urinary 8-oxoguanosine(8-oxoGsn)with muscle mass, muscle strength, advanced glycation end products(AGEs), trace elements, heavy metals and other health-related indictors in different age groups of the Beijing area.Methods:A cross-sectional research was conducted.Healthy adults aged 25 to 93 years who sought health examination in the Health Examination Center of Beijing Hospital were recruited.Participants were divided into the young and middle-aged group and the elderly group with age 60 as the cutoff.Urinary 8-oxoGsn levels were detected by mass spectrometry and adjusted using urine creatinine values.Body composition was measured by multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis(BIA). Grip strength, 6-meter walking speed and 5-times sit to stand test were conducted by experienced team members.Skin autofluorescence was used to detect skin AGEs.A portable optical scanner was used to detect heavy metals and trace elements using reference points of the palm.Levels of fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, high-density lipoprotein and other common blood biochemical indicators were measured.Results:A total of 106 subjects were enrolled, including 68 in the young and middle-aged group and 38 in the elderly group.The proportion of patients with hypertension(14 ases or 36.8% vs.7 ases or 10.3%), systolic blood pressure[130(120, 140) vs.120(110, 126)mmHg], fasting blood glucose[5.7(5.2, 5.9)mmol/L vs.5.2(4.9, 5.5)mmol/L], glycosylated hemoglobin[6.0(5.7, 6.2)% vs.5.7(5.4, 5.9)%], 8-oxoGsn/Cre[1.9(1.4, 2.6) vs.1.3(1.0, 1.6)], AGEs(2.44±0.46 vs.2.01±0.29), 5-times sit to stand test scores[7.8(6.9, 9.8)s vs.6.0(5.0, 6.8)s], magnesium(31.4±7.2 vs.27.7±6.4), mercury(0.013±0.003 vs.0.008±0.003)and silver[0.011(0.010, 0.012) vs.0.010(0.009, 0.011)]were higher in the elderly group than in the young and middle-aged group, while grip strength[28.0(22.0, 35.1)kg vs.36.6(28.5, 49.1)kg], fat-free mass[44.9(37.5, 51.1)kg vs.53.3(42.4, 58.5)kg], trunk muscle mass[21.0(17.5, 23.9)kg vs.25(19.8, 27.4)kg], appendicular skeletal muscle mass[20.9(17.6, 23.9)kg vs.24.9(19.8, 27.3)kg], calcium[273.3(219.1, 480.0) vs.457.8(428.5, 489.1)], cobalt[0.029(0.027, 0.031) vs.0.031(0.028, 0.034)], selenium[1.44(0.93, 1.71) vs.1.61(1.53, 1.68)]and nickel[3.5(3.3, 4.0)*10 -3vs.3.8(3.6, 4.1)*10 -3]were lower in the elderly group than in the young and middle-aged group( P<0.05). Urinary 8-oxoGsn/Cre levels were positively correlated with age, time of 5-times sit to stand test, AGEs, fasting blood glucose, mercury and aluminum( rs=0.443, 0.292, 0.357, 0.205, 0.316 and 0.214, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with trunk muscle mass, appendicular skeletal muscle mass, fat-free mass, grip strength, silicon and manganese( rs=-0.334, -0.333, -0.332, -0.366, -0.246 and -0.234, P<0.05), with statistical significance. Conclusions:Increased urinary 8-oxoGsn/Cre levels are correlated with decreased muscle mass, poor physical function, accumulation of AGEs, decreased trace element levels and increased heavy metal levels.Therefore, 8-oxoGsn has the potential to be a broadly representative and sensitive indicator for health assessment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870410

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of different parenteral nutrition on acute inflammatory response,immune cells and lipid metabolism in patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods Eighty patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy were divided into study group and control group,with 40 cases in each group.Structural fat emulsion was used in study group and medium/long chain fat emulsion in control group.The changes of acute inflammation,immune cells and lipid metabolism were compared between the two groups.Results (1)The levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the two groups were significantly higher on the first day after operation than those before operation.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05).The level of CRP and PGE2 decreased to the preoperative level on the seventh day after operation,but the decline rate in the study group was significantly faster than that in the control group (P < 0.05).(2) The levels of CD3 +,CD4 +,CD8 +,CD4 +/CD8 + in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05).(3) After 3-7 days of intravenous parenteral nutrition infusion,the blood lipid level was significantly lower in study group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Structural fat emulsion alleviates the inflammatory reaction in patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy,promotes the recovery of immunity,significantly reduces the level of blood lipids.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 582-586, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the trends of changes in oxidative stress and inflammatory factor levels in intestine tissues of mice during aging, and to explore their significance in the aging process.Methods:Four-month-old and 20-month-old male C57BL6 mice were used, with 3 mice in each group.The mice were sacrificed under anesthesia, and serum, liver, spleen, kidney, intestine and lung tissues were collected.Age-related changes in expression levels of inflammation-related proteins in serum, intestine, liver, spleen, kidney and lung were detected and analyzed by cytokine antibody arrays.Immunohistochemistry was used to examine aging-related changes of adiponectin in tissues and 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) levels in intestinal tissues.Results:Cytokine microarrays revealed that levels of adiponectin in the intestine and serum were significantly higher in 20-month-old mice than those in 4-month-old mice ( t=5.370, 23.490, both P<0.05). Immunohistochemistry results showed that expression levels of 8-oxoG in 20-month-old mice were significantly higher than those in 4-month-old mice ( t=8.785, P<0.05). Furthermore, in intestine tissue, expression levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in 20-month-old mice, compared with 4-month-old mice ( t=24.530, P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in adiponectin levels in spleen, kidney, lung and liver tissues between young and aged mice. Conclusions:Adiponectin levels in serum and intestine tissue increase with age and have the potential to be used as a specific intestinal tissue biomarker of aging.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868775

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical application value of portal vein implantation pump for chemotherapy in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) after radical surgery.Methods The clinical data of 97 patients with ICC who underwent radical surgery in Henan People's Hospital from June 2012 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Results Among the 97 patients,14 patients received portal venous pump chemotherapy (portal group),33 patients received peripheral venous chemotherapy (peripheral group),and 50 patients did not receive postoperative chemotherapy (control group).There were no statistically significant differences in gender and age between the three groups.The results of survival analysis indicated that the disease-free survival (DFS) period and overall survival (OS) time in the portal group and the peripheral group were significantly better than that in control group (both P < 0.05).In addition,despite the lack of statistical significance (P > 0.05),for the control of intrahepatic metastasis,portal vein pump chemotherapy was better than that of systemic chemotherapy via peripheral vein,and almost all side effects of chemotherapy in the portal group were lower than those in the peripheral group.Conclusion Portal vein pump chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of intrahepatic bile duct patients,especially for the control of intrahepatic metastasis,and can reduce systemic side effects of chemotherapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755886

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of teripressin in the treatment of postoperative ascites in patients with cirrhosis and liver cancer.Method 90 patients were divided into experimental group treated with terlipressin on the basis of routine and diuretic treatment,and control group treated with routine and diuretics only.Result There was significant difference in urine volume between the two groups (F =39 401.325,P =0.000).The amount of urine in the experimental group was more than that in the control group.The amount of peritoneal effusion significantly increased after operation (F =265.163,P=0.000),and that in the experimental group was more than that in the control group (F=6.470,P =0.044).The levels of serum creatinine,urea nitrogen,sodium and blood in the two groups were higher than those in the control group (F =6.470,P =0.044).The change of potassium was not obvious,and the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).The average hospitalization time in the experimental group and the control group were (22.2 ± 3.1) d,(26.6 ± 5.1) d respectively,(t =-4.945,P =0.001).Conclusion Terlipressin is effective and safe in the treatment of peritoneal effusion after hepatic cirrhosis combined with hepatocellular carcinoma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 934-938, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755447

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes in protein expression levels of 8 oxide of guanine in the temporal and frontal lobes in SAMP8 (senescence accelerated mice)mice versus SAMR1 (control mice).Methods In the study,we collected 12 SAMP8 mice and 12 SAMR1 mice at different month stage(1m,4m,8m,12m)(n=6,each group).After anesthesia,mice were sacrificed.The temporal and frontal lobe tissues of mice were labeled according to the stereotactic anatomical map of mouse brain and taken up for study.After paraffin sections were made,the expression level of 8 oxide of guanine in brain tissues was detected by immunohistochemical method.Results In the same age group at 1 month in the same temporal lobe,the average optical density of 8-oxodG was slightly higher in SAMP8 mice(0.086)than in SAMR1 mice(0.061,t =1.541,P>0.05).There were significant differences in the mean optical density of 8-oxodG in temporal lobe in 4,8 and 12 months groups between SAMP8 and SAMR1 group(0.101 vs.0.081,0.147 vs.0.109 and 0.176 vs.0.120,t =2.405,2.612 and 5.019,respectively,P <0.05).There was no significant difference in the average optical density levels of 8-oxodG in frontal lobe in 1 and 4 months groups between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice (0.044 vs.0.030,0.062 vs.0.046,t =1.843 and 1.163,respectively,P > 0.05),while the average optical density levels of 8-oxodG in 8 and 12 months groups(0.090 and 0.138)were higher than those of SAMR1 mice in the same age group(0.049 and 0.063)(t =5.327 and 4.88,P<0.01).There was no significant difference in the average optical density of 8-oxoG in temporal lobe in 1 month group between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice(0.099 vs.0.066,t =1.956,P >0.05).There were significant differences in the average optical density levels of 8-oxoG in temporal lobe in 4,8 and 12 months groups between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice(0.119 vs.0.076,0.148 vs.0.094 and 0.173 vs.0.101,t =4.033,3.042 and 5.328,respectively,P<0.01).There was no significant difference in the average optical density levels of 8-oxoG in frontal lobe in 1 month and 4 months groups between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice(0.049 vs.0.039,0.058 vs.0.056,t =0.713 and 0.172,respectively,P >0.05).The average optical density of 8-oxoG in frontal lobe in 8 months and 12 months groups had significant differences between SAMP8 and SAMR1 mice(0.087 vs.0.058,0.12 vs.0.063,t =2.261 and 4.185,P <0.05).In addition,we also found that the average optical density of 8 oxide of guanine in same SAMP8 mice at the same age was higher in temporal lobe than in frontal lobe.Conclusions The protein levels of 8-oxodG and 8-oxoG are increased with age,and the damage caused by nucleic acid oxidation is more severe in temporal lobe than in frontal lobe in SAMP8 mice.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753820

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the statue quo of psychological resilience of breast cancer patients during chemotherapy period and its influencing factors.Methods From December 12 to May 2018,Totally 165 breast cancer patients during chemotherapy period in Department of Mammary Chemotherapy of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital were investigated by self-designed demographic questionnaire ,the Connor -Davidson Resilience Scale and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire.Results The total score of psychological resilience for breast cancer patients during chemotherapy period was (60.26 ±16.17) points.Multiple regression analysis showed that marital status,transfer, confront and resignation coping style were the influencing factors for psychological resilience ( t=-3.048,3.216, 3.070,-3.044,all P<0.05).Conclusion The level of psychological resilience of breast cancer patients is poor and multivariate analysis appears that marital status , transfer, confront and resignation coping style are important influencing factors.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745743

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between the level of microRNA-29b in circulation and left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertensive patients.Methods A total of 240 subjects from Henan Province People's Hospital from June 2015 to June 2018 were included in the present study.Among them,160 were hospitalized patients,and were divided into two groups.Patients with simple hypertension and had no left ventricular hypertrophy (80 cases) were in the simple hypertension group (HBP-NLVH),and patients with hypertension combined with left ventricular hypertrophy (80 cases) were in the high blood pressure with left ventricular hypertrophy group (HBP-LVH).Normal control subjects (80 cases) were those with no hypertension and randomly selected from the medical center of Henan Province People's Hospital.Serum microRNA-29b expressions were detected by real time fluorescence quantitative PCR.The thickness of interventricular septum (IVSD) and left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWD) were measured by echocardiography.Results Compared with the normal control group (1.95±0.79),the relative expression of microRNA-29b in the patients both in the HBP-NLVH group (2.67±0.92) and the HBP-LVH group (5.12 ± 1.23) was up-regulated,and the difference between normal control and patients was statistically significant (P<0.05).In patients,the microRNA-29b level in the HBP-LVH group was significantly higher than that in the HBP-NLVH group (P<0.05).The expression level of microRNA-29b was positively correlated with IVSD (r=0.71,P<0.05) and LVPWD (r=0.74,P<0.05),respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of serum microRNA-29b levels in the diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertension patients were 96.8% and 91.3%,respectively.Conclusion Serum microRNA-29b level is elevated in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy,and is positively correlated with left ventricular hypertrophy.The circulation microRNA-29b might be a useful biomarker with prognostic value in left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertension patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745325

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effects of structured fat emulsion and medium/long chain fat emulsion on blood lipids,immune cells and acute inflammation after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods Total of 60 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy in Henan People's Hospital (Zhengzhou University People's Hospital) from January 2013 to March 2017 were divided into experimental group (using structured fat emulsion) and control group (using medium/long chain fat emulsion),30 cases in each group.Triglyceride (TG),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),total cholesterol (TC),T lymphocyte level,fibrinogen (FIB),C-reactive protein (CRP),prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were detected before and 2,4,6 and 8 days after infusion.Results There were no significant differences in LDL-C,HDL-C,TG and TC between the two groups before infusion (P>0.05).On the 2nd day of parenteral nutrition infusion,the level of blood lipids in both groups was higher than experimental group before infusion;on the 4th,6th and 8th day of infusion,LDL-C,HDL-C,TG and TC in the control group were higher than those in the experimental group (P<0.05).After parenteral nutrition infusion,the levels of CD3+,CD4+,CD8+,CD4+/CD8+ in both groups were higher than experimental group before infusion,and the experimental group was higher than the control group,the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Compared with before infusion,level of FIB,CRP and PGE2 began to increase on the 2nd day of infusion,and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).On the 2nd,4th,6th and 8th day,CRP in the control group was higher than experimental group.And resepeatively (19.12±5.84) mg/ml vs.(13.76±2.36) mg/ml,(31.67±8.68) mg/ml vs.(17.21±2.66) mg/ml,(22.15±8.33) mg/ml vs.(12.48±0.63) mg/ml,(9.65±4.66) mg/ml vs.(7.52±0.99) mg/ml,and PGE2 were also higher than that in the experimental group (P<0.05).Conclusion Structured fat emulsion is superior to medium/long chain fat emulsion in improving blood lipid,immune cells and inflammatory reaction in patients after hepatectomy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803122

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the statue quo of psychological resilience of breast cancer patients during chemotherapy period and its influencing factors.@*Methods@#From December 12 to May 2018, Totally 165 breast cancer patients during chemotherapy period in Department of Mammary Chemotherapy of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital were investigated by self-designed demographic questionnaire, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire.@*Results@#The total score of psychological resilience for breast cancer patients during chemotherapy period was (60.26±16.17)points.Multiple regression analysis showed that marital status, transfer, confront and resignation coping style were the influencing factors for psychological resilience(t=-3.048, 3.216, 3.070, -3.044, all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The level of psychological resilience of breast cancer patients is poor and multivariate analysis appears that marital status, transfer, confront and resignation coping style are important influencing factors.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796890

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the expression of microRNA-100 (miR-100) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cells, and further explore the function of miR-100 on invasion and metastasis of HCC.@*Methods@#A total of 50 patients with HCC from December 2016 to October 2018 in Department of Hepatobiliary Pancreatic Surgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital were selected, including 32 males and 18 females, aged 20~78 years. PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-100 in HCC tissues, adjacent tissues and HCC cells. HCC cells were transfected with miR-100 sequence, inhibition sequence and corresponding negative control sequence to detect the migration and invasion ability of HCC cells after transfection.@*Results@#The expression of miR-100 was lowest in SMMC-7721 and MHCC-97H. The relative expression level of miR-100 in HCC tissues was significantly lower than that in normal adjacent liver tissues [(0.39±0.03) vs. (0.56±0.06)], and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with the negative control HCC cells, the migration and invasion of HCC cells with overexpression of miR-100 decreased, while the inhibition of miR-100 expression increased the migration and invasion of HCC cells.@*Conclusions@#The expression of miR-100 is low in human HCC tissues and cells. miR-100 inhibits the invasion and migration of HCC cells and plays an important role in the occurrence and development of HCC.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791490

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression of microRNA-100 ( miR-100 ) in hepatocellular carcinoma ( HCC) tissues and cells, and further explore the function of miR-100 on invasion and metastasis of HCC. Methods A total of 50 patients with HCC from December 2016 to October 2018 in Department of Hepatobiliary Pancreatic Surgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital were selected, including 32 males and 18 females, aged 20~78 years. PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-100 in HCC tissues, adjacent tissues and HCC cells. HCC cells were transfected with miR-100 sequence, inhibition sequence and corre-sponding negative control sequence to detect the migration and invasion ability of HCC cells after transfec-tion. Results The expression of miR-100 was lowest in SMMC-7721 and MHCC-97H. The relative expres-sion level of miR-100 in HCC tissues was significantly lower than that in normal adjacent liver tissues [(0. 39 ± 0. 03) vs. (0. 56 ± 0. 06)], and the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). Compared with the negative control HCC cells, the migration and invasion of HCC cells with overexpression of miR-100 decreased, while the inhibition of miR-100 expression increased the migration and invasion of HCC cells. Conclusions The expression of miR-100 is low in human HCC tissues and cells. miR-100 inhibits the invasion and migration of HCC cells and plays an important role in the occurrence and development of HCC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610575

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease, is not only a result from the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone, but also an imbalance of bone remodeling and crosstalk among tissues in the joints. OBJECTIVE: To review the effect of bone-cartilage crosstalk in the progression of osteoarthritis and its new treatment strategy. METHODS: A computer-based search of PubMed and CNKI databases was performed for relevant literatures about the relationship between the progress of osteoarthritis and the bone-cartilage crosstalk published from 2007 to 2017. The keywords were cartilage, interaction, osteoarthritis, pathogenesis, cytokines, signaling pathway in English and Chinese, respectively. The relationship between the progress of osteoarthritis and the bone-cartilage crosstalk was summarized in views of cytokines, signaling pathway, and new treatment strategy. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Totally 169 articles were retrieved, and finally 54 eligible papers were enrolled based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. There is a close physical association between subchondral bone and cartilage, and the bone-cartilage interface is a functioning synergistic unit. Increased vascularization, micro-crack formation and abnormal bone remodeling may accelerate the molecules transporting from cartilage to bone in osteoarthritis. Therefore, the bone-cartilage crosstalk plays a pivotal role in the occurrence and development of osteoarthritis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 84-87, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505482

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the expression of 8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanine(8-oxodG)in white blood cell,plasma and urine of rhesus monkey of different age group.Methods 30 female rhesus macaques at different age(1y,5y,10y,15y,20y,25y)were selected and grouped(n=5,each).10 mL of morning urine and 5 mL of fasting venous blood were collected.The level of 8-oxodG expression in plasma,leukocyte and urine was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(HPLC-MS) method.Results The level of 8-oxodG in leukocytes,plasma and urine was increased along with aging.The level of 8-oxodG was 1.8,1.6 and 1.4 times higher in 25 year group than in 1 year group in plasma,white blood cell and urine,respectively(P<0.05).The 8-oxodG level was more than 40 times higher in urine than in plasma.Conclusions The expression level of 8-oxodG is increased along with aging.It may be one of the experimental evidence of the aging markers.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477417

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the reasons and preventive measures for the postoperative complications of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.Methods The clinical features,diagnosis,surgical therapy,postoperative complications and follow-up result were retrospectively analyzed on 89 cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma admitted into our hospital from January 2008 to September 2014.Surgical approach:47 cases of radical resection including hepatoduodenal ligament skeletonized resection in 18 cases; concurrent partial hepatectomy in 29 cases,palliative resection in 17 cases,biliary tract drainage in 25 cases.There were 6 cases receiving partial portal vein resection and reconstruction.Results Among 89 patients there were 93 postoperative complications.Biliary complications developed in 22 cases (24.7%,22/89) including bile leakage in 13 cases (14.6%),biliary tract infection in 7 cases,anastomotic stricture in 2 cases.Wound infection in 19 cases,lung infection in 4 cases,ascites in 31 cases,pleural effusion in 10 cases,liver abscess in 1 case,intraabdominal bleeding in 2 cases,postoperative gastrointestinal bleeding,intestinal fistula,liver failure and multiple organ failure (MODS) developed in one each cases.One case died of MODS with the mortality of 1.1%.Conclusions Postoperative complications were common in hilar cholangiocarcinoma combined liver resection and/or vascular resection and reconstruction.Bile leakage is the most frequently seen necessitating long term proper drainage.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466277

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical features of amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1) and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in human hepatocellular carcinoma and to observe the effect of AIB1 silencing by RNA interference (RNAi) on expression of EMT markers and invasiveness of HepG2 cells.Methods In this study,expression of AIB1,E-cadherin,Vimentin,ZO-1,and N-cadherin protein in 81 hepatocellular carcinomas were assessed through immunohistochemistry and clinicopathological significance was analyzed.After the lentiviral vector of AIB1 RNA interference was transfected into HepG2 cells,the expression of AIB1 and EMT markers was detected by real-time PCR and Western blot.The invasion and metastasis was evaluated by Transwell analysis.Results The expression of AIB1 protein was significantly up-regulated in the hepatocellular carcinoma tissue compared to the normal tumor adjacent tissue.The frequency of AIB1 overexpression in hepatocellular carcinomas with lymph node metastasis is 63% (P < 0.05).Correlation analysis demonstrated that the AIB1 protein expression was inversely correlated with E-cadherin,and positively correlated with Vimentin in hepatocellular carcinomas.After transfection with AIB1 targeting siRNA,the expression of AIB1 mRNA and protein decreased significantly (P < 0.05).Knockdown of AIB1 expression increased the expression of E-cadherin and inhibited the expression of Vimentin.In addition,the invasion of HepG2 cells silenced AIB1 were significantly descented.Conclusion Above data suggests that overexpression of AIB1 might promote invasiveness and metastasis of cancer cells through regulation of E-cadherin and Vimentin expression in hepatocellular carcinomas.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462846

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the RNA oxidative damage in human gastric cancer tissue and para-carcinoma tissue for exploring the role of RNA oxidation in the occurrence of gastric cancer .METHODS:Immunohistochemical ob-servation and LC-MS/MS analysis were performed in 61 cases of gastric carcinoma .The position and concentration of 8-oxoguanosine ( 8-oxoGsn ) were detected , respectively . RESULTS: The results of immunohistochemical observation showed that 8-oxoGsn was obviously up-regulated in the gastric cancer .The positive staining mainly accumulated in the cy-toplasm of the tumor cells .The results of mass spectrometry showed that the level of 8-oxoGsn in the gastric cancer tissues was higher than that in the para-carcinoma tissues (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:8-oxoGsn is up-regulated in gastric canc-er.RNA oxidative damage may play important roles in the occurrence of gastric cancer .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425160

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the molecular pathway of reconstituted basement membrane extract(BME)embedment in the context of promoting islet cell survival.Methods Mouse islet cells were isolated and embedded in BME for in vitro culture.Caspase-3,integrin-α1 and 5,PDX-1,Akt,FAK and phospho Erk were detected using Western blot.Results Islet cells embedded with BME were partially protected from apoptosis indicated by a lower caspase-3 level and an increased phosphoAkt activity compared with untreated control.In addition,an increase of α3-integrin,FAK protein level and FAK activity were observed as well.Furthermore,the expression of PDX-1 and phosphoErk at the 48 h mark were preserved,suggesting the positive effect of BME to islet activity.Conclusion These results indicate that the embedment of BME construction can up-regulate α3 integrin and its signal transduction,which may improve viability and function of islet cells.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the causes for misplacement of pedicle screw in thoracolumbar spine.METHODS: From January 2002 to January 2008, 19 patients with misplacement in thoracolumbar spine were treated in Department of Orthopedics, Wuxi Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, including 12 males and 7 females with an average age of 52.5 years (range 23-68 years). The diagnoses were thoracolumbar fracture in 5 cases, lumbar spondylolisthesis in 8 and degenerative lumbar disease in 6. The fixation systems were Steffee used in 4 cases, DRFS in 3, RF in 6, AF in 4 and GSS in 2. X-ray and CT scanning were used to observe pedicle screw location, including screw,pedicle and membranous sac and great vessels.RESULTS: The time of misplacement of pedicle screw was 5-69 days with an average time of 18.5 days, including 7 cases of screw penetrating into lateral cortex, 4 of screw penetrating into medial cortex, 2 of screw penetrating into pedicle cortex, 2 of overplacement, 2 of intervertebral foremen placement and 2 of intervertebral space placement.CONCLUSION: The causes for screw misplacement were anatomic variation and poor surgical skills, and the key factors in precise insertion of pedicle screw are fine surgical skills, carefully study of preoperative image and the intra-operative monitoring.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380894

ABSTRACT

Objective National external quality assessment (EQA) results from 2005 to 2008 for HLA class Ⅰ (A, B) and class Ⅱ (DRB1) low-resolution DNA typing were summarized with the goal of exploring strategies to assure and improve HLA DNA typing performance in clinical testing. Methods HLA allele results from the four consecutive years EQA events were analysed. Different kinds of errors were described and classified, and the possible causes were discussed. Results Participant laboratories were increasing in the four consecutive years with the number of 22, 28, 47 and 61 in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008,respectively. 2 844 HLA DNA typings were returned from the participants during the 4 years EQA surveys, and overall 30 errors (1.05%) were identified. These 30 errors were classified into two major types of errors including 25 technical genotyping errors and 5 human errors. The proportion of laboratory participants which made mistakes was 13. 6%, 10. 7%, 10. 6% and 16.4% in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008, respectively. Conclusions Above 10% of participant laboratories exhibited errors in the four consecutive years HLA molecular typing EQA surveys. Relevant important attentions should be greatly paid to clinical HLA molecular typing test.

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