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1.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 53-59, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811788

ABSTRACT

@#To preparate a novel polysulfone chiral membranes, β-cyclodextrin was functionalized with dodecanoyl chloride, and this modified β-cyclodextrin was then incorporated into polysulfone casting solution to form the dodecanoyl-β-cyclodextrin/polysulfone chiral membrane. Meanwhile, current studies have investigated the effect of adding different amount of dodecanoyl-β-cyclodextrin on the pure water flux, bovine serum albumin(BSA)rejection rate and enantioselectivity of the membranes. The morphology of the dodecanoyl-β-cyclodextrin/polysulfone chiral membrane was characterized by scanning electron microscopy(SEM). With the incorporation of dodecanoyl-β-cyclodextrin, the pore structure of the membrane changed significantly, with more finger-like pore structures appearing in the support layer. So the membrane water flux increased significantly, while the BSA rejection rate decreased. When the addition amount of dodecanoyl-β-cyclodextrin was in the range of 2% to 3. 5%, the enantiomeric excess increased with the addition of dodecanoyl-β-cyclodextrin. A complete separation of racemic tryptophan can be performed using this novel dodecanoyl-β-cyclodextrin/polysulfone chiral membrane-based separation system.

2.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 513-515, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479924

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the experience of diagnosis and treatment of abdominal penetrating injury with large vessels damage.Methods The clinical data of 18 patients with abdominal large vessels injuries in our hospital from Jan 2003 to oct 2014 were analyzed retrospectively.Results 18 cases of large vessels injuries,accounting for 16.21% during the same period of all penetrating wounds (18/111),emergency laparotomy was performed.There were 8 cases of arterial injury,4 cases of concurrent arteriovenous injury,6 cases of venous injury,Arterial and venous broken walls were repaired,splenic artery and venous ligation and splenectomy were performed.Vascular repair success rate was 100%,Intraoperative blood loss was 500-6 000 ml,average (3 750 ±670) ml.Operating time varied from 2.5 to 7 h,average (3.9 ±0.8) h.All patients were cured.12 cases were followed-up for 2-36 months,mean follow-up time was (15 ± 7) months,ultrasonography showed normal blood flow without complications.Conclusions Emergency surgical exploration and limited fluid resuscitation is the most effective therapy in abdominal penetrating injury involving large vessels.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1097-1099, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490576

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of damage control surgery (DCS) in the diagnosis and treatment of sharp abdominal injury combined with multiple trauma.Methods Sixty patients with sharp abdominal injury accompanied by multiple trauma treated from January 2005 to August 2014 were reviewed retrospectively.There were 55 males and 5 females,aged at 15-79 years (mean,32.08 years).Thirty patients underwent definite operative treatment (control group),and 30 patients had DCS (DCS group).Between-group differences were examined in pre-and post-operative hemodynamic changes,function recovery,cure rate and complication incidence.Results All patients showed improved hemodynamic parameters after operation.The cure rate was 97% (29/30) in DCS group versus 50% (15/30) in control group (P < 0.05).Complications were reported in 17% (5) of the patients in DCS group versus 40% (12) of the patients in control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion DCS is associated with decreased rate of complications and increased cure rate in the treatment of sharp abdominal injury combined with multiple trauma.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 555-557, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469008

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the application of preimplanted angiography catheter with digital subtraction angiograply(DSA) for surgical treatment of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding.Clinical data of 17 patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding admitted from June 2011 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.The angiography catheter was implanted and methylene was injected to find the bleeding sites with DSA,then emergency laparotomy was performed.The results showed the bleeding sites in small intestine in 8 cases and in large intestine in 9 cases.Postoperative pathology revealed vascular malformation in 4 cases,2 in small intestine and 2 in colon;ulcerative colitis in 3 cases;colon cancer in 1 case;colonic diverticula in 3 cases and small intestinal stromal tumor in 6 cases.Results indicate that if the conservative therapy is not effective,surgical treatment assisted by preimplanted angiography catheter with DSA is safe and effective for patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

5.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 322-327, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811952

ABSTRACT

@#Carbon dots(CDs)were firstly prepared via a simple pyrolysis route using citric acid as the carbon precursor and glycine as modifier. The obtained CDs were further purified by n-butyl alcohol, which made the particle size more uniform and the fluorescence intensity stronger. When excited at 380 nm, the maximum emission wavelength of the CDs was about 480 nm, with a quantum yield of 47%. Based on fluorescence quenching, a novel method for chloramphenicol assay was developed with glycine-passivated CDs. This method is simple and rapid. A linear relationship between the change of fluorescence intensity and the concentration of chloramphenicol was obtained with a relation coefficient of 0. 999 7. The recovery was in the range of 99% to 101% with a relative standard deviation of 0. 3%, which shows CDs′ potential application in drug detection.

6.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 209-211, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749390

ABSTRACT

A case of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia was reported. Repeated hemorrhage in nasal and digestive system are main clinical manifestation. Capillary expanded on tongue and finger is the main physical sign. Main clinical manifestation and typical physical signs, combined with family history, can help to establish a diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pedigree , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic , Genetics
7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1469-1471, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748971

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the treatment of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo of posterior semi-circular canal by Epley maneuver combined with Semont maneuver.@*METHOD@#One hundred and fifty patients with benign positional paroxysmal vertigo of posterior semicircular canal were randomly divided into three groups: group A, B and C. Patients in group A were treated by Epley maneuver and patients in group B were treated by Semont maneuver. Patients in group C were received the treatment of Epley maneuver combined with Semont ma- neuver. We recorded the times of treatments in different groups respectively. Statistics of treatment effects and follow-up studies with 3 months after the recovery were assessed.@*RESULT@#The cure rate of the canalith repositioning on the primary, secondary and tertiary treatment in group A was respective 72% (38/53) and 81% (43/53) and 85% (45/53), in group B was 68% (30/44) and 80% (35/44) and 84% (37/44), in group C was 89% (47/53) and 94% (50/53) and 98% (52/53). The cure rate in group C is significantly higher than group A and group B (χ2 = 6.777, P < 0.05; χ2 = 6.647, P < 0.05). 3 months after recovery 6 patients in group A, 5 patients in group B and 1 patient in group C were relapsed.@*CONCLUSION@#By the use of Epley maneuver combined with Semont maneuver in the treatment of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo of posterior semicircular canal, the primary cure rate was increased and the numbers of treatments were reduced and the relapse was decreased. It is suitable to use Epley maneuver combined with Semont maneuver in the clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Therapeutics , Follow-Up Studies , Patient Positioning , Physical Therapy Modalities , Posture , Recurrence , Semicircular Canals , Vertigo
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1278-1281, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical relationship between allergic rhinitis and allergic factors with chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps.@*METHOD@#Two hundred patients were divided into A and B two groups. Group A of 110 patients was diagnosed allergic rhinitis. Group B of 90 patients was diagnosed chronic sinusitis with or without nasal polyps. Serums sIgE was detected with EUROIMMUN, and observe the recurrence rate of chronic sinusitis with or without nasal polyps patients who accept operation treatment and observe the incidence of allergic rhinitis superinduced chronic sinusitis with or without nasal polyps.@*RESULT@#The total positive rate of group A sIgE was 89.09%. The total positive rate of group B sIgE was 74.44%. The postoperative recurrence rate of sIgE positive group was 58.21% and the postoperative recurrence rate of sIgE negative group was 8.70% in the group B. In the group A, the positive rate of serums sIgE in allergic rhinitis with chronic sinusitis with or without nasal polyps (37.27%) was 97.56%, while the positive rate of serums sIgE in allergic rhinitis without chronic sinusitis (62.73%) was 79.71%, there is a significant difference in allergic rhinitis with or without chronic sinusitis (χ2 = 6.96, P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#There is a certain correlation between allergic rhinitis and allergic factors with chronic sinusitis with or without nasal polyps. Therefore, through avoiding allergen exposure, the treatment of allergic rhinitis can effectively control recurrence rate of chronic sinusitis and nasal polyp.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Chronic Disease , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Nasal Polyps , Allergy and Immunology , Recurrence , Rhinitis, Allergic , Allergy and Immunology , Sinusitis , Allergy and Immunology
9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 44-46, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475133

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and significance of MMP-9 and Ki67 for predicting the progres-sion and prognosis of pancreatic cancer. Methods S-P immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expressions of MMP-9 and Ki67 in 100 pancreatic cancer tissue specimens. The relationship between the expressions of MMP-9 and Ki67 and patient age, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, tumor differentiation, clinical stages and prognosis were analyzed. Re-sults There were higher expressions of MMP-9 protein 46%(46/100) and Ki67 protein 53%(53/100) in 100 samples of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. And the expressions of MMP-9 and Ki67 were inversely associated with tumor differentiation, clinical stages, and lymph node metastasis of pancreatic cancer (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the ex-pressions of MMP-9 and Ki67 between patient age and tumor size. The expressions of MMP-9 and Ki67 were positive corre-lated (rs=0.405,P<0.05). Moreover, the overall survival rates were correlated with patient age, lymph node metastasis, tumor differentiation and the expression of MMP-9, but no correlation with tumor size, clinical stages, and the expression of Ki67. Conclusion The expressions of MMP-9 and Ki67 were associated with pancreatic cancer progression. And the detection of expression of MMP-9 may have practical value in prognosis in patients with pancreatic cancer.

10.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 935-937, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The study aimed to investigate the efficacy and adverse effects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) of dust mite drops to allergic rhinitis with mite allergy. The compliance and satisfaction of SLIT were also assessed.@*METHOD@#One hundred and three patients of allergic rhinitis sensitive to dust mites were treated with SLIT for 6 months or more. The symptom questionnaire,including items on rhinorrhea, sneezing, nasal obstruction, itchy nose, olfactory disturbance, eye discomfort and sleep disturbance were obtained before and 6 months after SLIT. The patients' satisfaction and adverse effects were also investigated.@*RESULT@#Seventy-five of the 103 patients insist on SLIT for more than 6 months and completed the questionnaire. The duration of receiving SLIT was 9.8 months on average (range from 6 to 13 months). The satisfaction rate was 89.3%. The drop-out rate of SLIT was 31.0%.@*CONCLUSION@#The subjective symptoms were improved with SLIT in patients with allergic rhinitis sensitive to dust mites. The drop out rate was high despite of the symptomatic improvement.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Patient Compliance , Patient Satisfaction , Rhinitis, Allergic , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Psychology , Therapeutics , Sublingual Immunotherapy , Psychology , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 197-199, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425062

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the causes of death and the influencing factors in patients with peripheral arterial disease(PAD) during the perioperative period and reduce the perioperative mortality.Methods A retrospective analysis of the causes of death was performed for PAD during the perioperative period in our hospital from July 2005 to July 2010. Results Nine patients died preoperatively.The causes of death were multible organ failure in 5,heart failure in 2,sudden cardiac death in 1,and respiratory failure in 1.Six patients died postoperatively.The causes of death were acute renal failure in 2,heart failure in 2,cerebral infarction in 1,and hemorrhagic shock in 1.The causes of death which were related to heart,kidney and lung were in 10,6 and 2,respectively.The causes of death which were directly due to heart failure,sudden cardiac death,renal failure,respiratory failure,cerebral infarction and hemorrhagic shock were in 4,1,2,1,1 and 1,respectively.The main causes of death were multible organ failure,heart failure and acute renal failure,which accounted for 73.33% of all deaths.In this series the overall perioperative mortality was 3.11% (15/483),Operative mortality was 1.47% (6/407).Conclusions The influencing factors and the function of organs were closely correlated with the causes of death. To reduce the perioperative mortality of PAD,it is necessary both to intervene in the influencing factors and to monitor and treat the dysfunction of vital organs.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 805-809, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423728

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of plasmid pEGFP- hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-C1 on rat acute ischemia of hindlimb.Methods The eukaryotic expressed plasmid pEGFPHGF-C1 carrying human HGF cDNA was constructed.The transfection efficiency and the expression level of HGF were evaluated by transfecting pEGFP-HGF-C1 into primary rat skeletal muscle cells.Ligation-induced ischemia of femoral artery of one hindlimb in Wistar rats was performed.The plasmids (200 μg/500 μl) were injected once directly into the ischemic limb muscle (5 sites around ligation position) immediately after ligation.HGF expression was detected in the muscle tissue of rats on days 3,6 and 9 by immunochemical stain and Western blot.At day 24,the muscles were removed and stained with CD31 to assess histologically the capillary formation.Results The primary rat skeletal muscle cells could be transfected 0efficiently with pEGFP-HGF-C1 using LipofectamineTM2000 (0.8%),and secreted HGF which peak concentration was (5402.0±227.9) ng/L at 4 d.HGF expression was detected clearly in muscle tissue on days 3,6,9 in pEGFP-HGF-C1 groups.Western blot semi-quantitied analysis showed the levels of HGF expression were higher than control groups on days 3,6,9(P<0.05).A significant increase in capillary density was found in rats transfected with human HGF(10.81±2.35) as compared with sham group (6.11±0.90) and control group (5.45±0.90) at 24 d(P<0.01).Conclusions Intramuscular injection of naked human HGF plasmid may induce therapeutic angiogenesis in rat ischemic hindlimb models,as potential therapy for peripheral arterial disease.

13.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1125-1130, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of denervation on myofiber morphology of the adductor and the abductor in patients with recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paralysis and to provide experimental evidence for the clinical feasibility of RLN repair.@*METHOD@#Adductor muscles were acquired from the lateral cricoarytenoid muscle (LCAM) and abductor muscles from the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle(PCAM). Normal human PCAM and LCAM are treated as control group (n = 7). Thirty-eight cases of PCAM with damaged RLN were divided into five groups according to the duration of their RLN damage: 0.5-1 year (7 cases), > 1-2 years (10 cases), > 2-3 years (8 cases), > 3-6 years (8 cases) and > 6 years (5 cases); twenty-nine cases of LCAM were also divided into five groups: 0.5-1 year (7 cases), > 1-2 years (6 cases); > 2-3 years (6 cases), > 3-6 years (6 cases) and > 6 years group(4 cases). They were all stained with HE and Masson three-color staining, the fiber cross-sectional area of muscle tissue and collagen connective tissue were quantitative analyzed. The changes of myofiber morphology of adductor and abductor muscles after the loss of the RLN were analyzed with image analysis system.@*RESULT@#The transverse areas of myofibers gradually decreased and those of collagen fibers gradually increased with the prolongation of denervation. (1) Difference between the denervated groups of LCAM of 0.5-1 year, > 1-2 years and > 2-3 years groups were not significant (P > 0.05). Fiber cross-sectional area of > 3-6 years group decreased most obviously with significantly difference compared with > 2-3 years group (P 1-2 years group, > 2-3 years group and > 3-6 years of PCAM(P 3-6 years and > 6 years of two kinds of laryngeal intrinsic muscle (P > 0.05); (4) Fiber cross-sectional area of each group of the LCAM after 1 year denervation were significantly greater than that of the PCAM under same conditions (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The influence of denervation on myofiber morphology following denervation is different between the abductor and adductor owing to the different fiber type composition and functional properties. The rate of muscle atrophy of the adductor is slower than that of the abductor. To restore the structure and function of denervated laryngeal muscles better, the recurrent laryngeal nerve injury repair surgery for PCA muscle function recovery should be carried out within 1 year after denervation while the surgery for LCA muscle function recovery should be carried out within 3 years after denervation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Denervation , Laryngeal Muscles , Pathology , Myofibrils , Pathology , Neurosurgical Procedures , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Pathology , Staining and Labeling , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Pathology , General Surgery
14.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 899-902, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of myosin heavy chain (MHC) in normal laryngeal muscle and the difference between the adductor and abductor.@*METHOD@#Seven patients with total laryngectomy were enrolled in this study. The adductor muscles were acquired from the lateral cricoarytenoid (LCA) muscle and the abductor muscles were acquired from the posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) muscle. The expression of myosin heavy chain were detected with fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescence staining respectively.@*RESULT@#(1) MHC-II b was expressed in laryngeal muscles at mRNA levels, and not expressed at the protein level; (2) At both mRNA level and protein level, the expression of MHC-I was higher in the PCA muscles than in the LCA muscles while MHC-II level was higher in the LCA muscles than in the PCA muscles.@*CONCLUSION@#(1) MHC-II b protein was not expressed in human laryngeal muscles; (2) Phenotypic differences were significant in laryngeal adductor and abductor muscles based on their different functions. PCA contained larger percentage of MHC-I fibers, while LCA contained more MHC-II fibers.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Laryngeal Muscles , Chemistry , Metabolism , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Metabolism , Phenotype , Protein Isoforms
15.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 496-498, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417045

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate recanalization for TASC-D type iliac artery lesions.Methods Between June 2006 and June 2010,26 patients with a total of 31 limbs of the TASC-D iliac artery lesions underwent endovascular procedure. Results Technical success rate was 90.3% (28/31).Clinical symptom improvement rate was 100%. Forty-four stents were placed in 28 limbs of the 24 patients.Eleven patients underwent an associated procedure; femoropopliteal endovascular procedures in 8 cases,femoro-popliteal bypass in 3 cases. Eight patients underwent an intravascular ultrasound thrombolysis.Postoperative ankle-brachial index ( ABI) was increased by more than 0. 15 in all patients. Twenty-two patients(26 limbs) were followed-up for 3 -44 mos, the primary patency rate at 12 months was 90% ,and cumulative patency rate was 95%. At 36 months primary patency rate was 70% , and secondary patency rate was 80%. Conclusions Because the technical success rate is high, endovascular techeniques are the choice of therapy in high risk patients with TASC-D type iliac artery lesions.

16.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 350-352, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the neoplasia of fossa orbitalis, hard palate and the anterior skull base defect by making use of mucoperiosteal flap of nasal septum.@*METHOD@#A retrospective study was reviewed in 12 patients with tumors in nasal cavity and nasal sinuses. According to tumor character and range, by partial or total maxillectomy and ethmoidectomy, fossa orbitalis, hard palate and the anterior skull base defects were repaired synchronously on the heels of resection of the tumors which damaged fossa orbitalis, hard palate and the anterior skull base.@*RESULT@#Among the 12 patients there were 5 patients with the destructions on ethmoidal horizontal plate, 2 patients with the destructions on hanging wall of ethmoid, 1 patient with the destruction on hanging wall of fossa orbitalis, 1 patient with the destruction on medial wall of fossa orbitalis and on floor of orbit respectively, 2 patients with the destructions on hard palate and all the destructions were repaired following detection synchronously. There were no complications of surgical death, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, encephalomeningocele.@*CONCLUSION@#During the operation of tumor in nasal cavity and/or nasal sinuses when defect of fossa orbitalis, hard palate and anterior skull base were found and the defects need repair, we can take advantages of mucoperiosteal flap of nasal septum to perform the transplantation of mucoperiosteal flap in order to avoid forming local defect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Septum , General Surgery , Orbit , General Surgery , Palate, Hard , General Surgery , Periosteum , Transplantation , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base , General Surgery , Surgical Flaps
17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 104-107, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403986

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the therapeutic effects of immediate breast reconstruction after modified radical mastectomy of breast cancer with nipple-areolar complex preservation and partial skin-sparing. Meth- ods- We studied 24 eady stage breast cancer patients who received immediate breast reconstruction after modified radical mastectomy with nipple-areolar complex preservation and partial skin-sparing. Nine patients had silicone prosthesis, 3 patients had transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap (TRAM), and 12 pa-tients had silicone prosthesis combined with part of latissmus dorsi-myocutaneous flap (LDMF). The effects of breast reconstruction were evaluated according to objective and subjective criteria after surgery. Results: All of the 24 patients obtained successful breast reconstruction. The appearance of the reconstructed breast was perfect and the two sides seemed symmetrical. The aesthetic outcome was good in 23 patients and satisfacto-ry rate was up to 95.83%, and the subjective evaluation was up to 100%. Necrosis of part of the nipple was found in only one case. Hematoma appeared in one patient and vanished after 3 months. All patients received adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery. No local recurrence and distant metastasis occurred during the follow up period (5~48 months). One patient died of primary hepatic carcinoma at 2 years after surgery. Conclusion:Immediate breast reconstruction after modified radical mastectomy of breast cancer with preservation of nip-ple-areolar complex and partial skin-sparing is safe and effective for early stage breast cancer patients. The reconstructed breast is satisfactory. Breast reconstruction surgery is economical and can reduce patients' psy-chological pressure due to loss of the breast, and improve quality of life. Immediate breast reconstruction does not affect postoperative adjuvant therapy and long-term therapeutic effect. Breast reconstruction surgery has been gradually accepted by more and more eady stage breast cancer patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 367-369, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389745

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate therapeutic effect of transluminal angioplasty and stenting on arteriosclerosis related iliac arterial occlusive disease. Methods This retrospective study included a total of 61 cases (76 limbs) with iliac arterial atherosclerotic occlusive disease, grading as TASC A (n =29),B (n = 16), C (n = 11) and D (n = 5). Percutaneous interventional reconstruction and stent implantation were carried out in our hospital from December 2002 to December 2008. Results In 61 patients (76 lesions) 63 stents were implanted successfully with the success rate of 93% (71/76). The rate of clinical improvement was 100% among the patients who had primary technical success. The ankle-branchial index (ABI) improved from an average of 0. 33 ± 0. 17 before intervention to 0. 72 ± 0. 20 on the day following intervention (P < 0. 05). All cases were followed up between 6 month and 60 month. One year patency rate in all treated lesions was 90% (92% in the TASC A and B, 84% in the TASC C and D).Three year patency rate in all was 75% (80% in the TASC A and B, 63% in the TASC C and D). Five year patency rate was 72%. Conclusion There is a tendency towards utilizing transluminal angioplasty and stenting to treat iliac arterial occlusive disease as a therapy instead of traditional vascular surgery.

19.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 654-657, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746612

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the change of endogenous hydrogen sulfide (hydrogen sulfide, H2S) and its rate-limiting enzyme Cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE) in allergic rhinitis through guinea pigs with intervention treatment.@*METHOD@#Twenty-four guinea pigs were divide into 4 groups at random, one group were models of allergic rhinitis (AR) which were established by using ovalbumin, the second group were treated with NaHS after sensitized, the third group were treated with Propargylglycine (PPG) which was suppression of CSE after sensitized, and the last group were treated with saline for control. The concentration of eotaxin of nasal lavage and H2S in plasma were recorded, and then the expression of CSE in nasal mucosa was determined by real-time fluorescence RT-PCR.@*RESULT@#The concentration of eotaxin in nasal lavage of sensitized group were higher than those of control (P < 0.01), and concentration of H2S in plasma and expression of CSE in nasal mucosa were lower than control (P < 0.05). The concentration of eotaxin decreased when treated with NaHS and increased when treated with PGG (P < 0.05). Level of H2S in plasma and expression of CSE increased when treated with NaHS and decreased when treated with PGG (P < 0.05), and the level of H2S was positive linear correlate with the expression of CSE.@*CONCLUSION@#Endogenous H2S perhaps plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis, and it was mainly regulated by CSE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Metabolism , Guinea Pigs , Hydrogen Sulfide , Metabolism , Nasal Mucosa , Metabolism , Rhinitis , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 329-331, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400666

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate our experience in the diagnosis and surgical management of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma(PTMC). Methods Clinical data of 42 PTMC cases were retrospectively analyzed. Results Twenty-five clinically nonpalpable PTMC were detected by high resohition thyroid uhrasonography preoperatively.The diagnosis of PTMC was established intraoperatively by frozen biopsy in 14 out of 19 cases undergoing this procedure.Of the 42 patients,30 underwent a lobectomy,and in 11 out of 30 patients supplemented level Ⅵ lymph node dissection was performed.None of these patients had recurrence during follow-up.The recurrence in three patients with multffocal lesions and undergoing incomplete resection were observed at follow.up.The mulifocality of PTMC and ipsilateral residual volume of the thyroid were two predicting factors that significantly influence the postoperative recurrence(P<0.05,P<0.01 respectively)in patients with PTMC. Candus-ions PTMC is usually occult and eludes correct preoperative diagnosis.Most PTMC are clinically nonpalpable and may be detected by hish resolution thyroid ultrasonography and diagnosed by frozen section during the operation.Surgery is the most important treatment of PTMC.Lobectomy plus level Ⅵ lymph node dissection is the therapy of choice for PTMC patients at the stage of cN0.

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