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Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 510-513, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883772


Objective:To investigate the effects of growth hormone combined with triptoreline acetate on growth and sex hormone in girls with central precocious puberty.Methods:Sixty-two girls with central precocious puberty who received treatment in Xin'an International Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive treatment with either triptorelin acetate (control group, n = 31) or triptorelin acetate plus growth hormone (observation group, n = 31) for 12 successive months. Before and after treatment, bone age difference/chronological age difference (△BA/△CA), body height, body weight, uterine and ovarian volume and sex hormone level were compared between the control and observation groups. Results:△BA/△CA in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(0.64 ± 0.17) vs. (0.95 ± 0.13), t = 8.065, P < 0.05). Body height and weight in the observation group were (127.32 ± 1.08) cm and (33.42 ± 2.37) kg, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(126.34 ± 0.87) cm and (31.01 ± 2.15) kg, t = 3.934 and 4.193, both P < 0.05]. Uterine and ovarian volume in the observation group were (1.68 ± 0.29) cm 3 and (1.26 ± 0.18) cm 3, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(2.41 ± 0.46) cm 3 and (1.83 ± 0.26) cm 3, t = 7.474 and 10.036, both P < 0.05). After treatment, there were no significant differences in serum estradiol and luteinizing hormone levels between the two groups (both P > 0.05). Conclusion:Growth hormone combined with triptoreline acetate has a good effect on central precocious puberty in girls because it can improve the growth and development of girls and reduce serum levels of estradiol and luteinizing hormone.

Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2725-2729, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866676


Objective:To investigate the effect of montelukast sodium combined with glucocorticoid on acute attack of children with bronchial asthma and its influence on cytokines and immune function.Methods:A total of 122 children with acute asthma attack admitted to Xin'an International Hospital from September 2018 to September 2019 were divided into observation group(61 cases) and control group(61 cases) according to the random digial table mrethod.The control group was treated with glucocorticoid, and the observation group was treated with montelukast sodium on the basis of the control group.The course of treatment in both two groups was 7 days.The therapeutic effect, lung function, cytokines and immune function of the two groups were compared before and after treatment.Results:The total effective rate of the observation group(91.80%) was higher than 73.77% of the control group (χ 2=6.960, P<0.05). The peak expiratory flow rate(PEFR)[(2.93±0.21)L/s], forced expiratory volume in the first second(FEV 1%)[(82.54±5.37)%] and forced expiratory volume/forced vital capacity in the first second(FEV 1/FVC)[(90.32±4.36)%] in the observation group were higher than those in the control group[(2.48±0.16)L/s, (75.42±3.28)% and (83.98±3.42)%] ( t=13.313, 8.837, 8.936, all P<0.05). The levels of VEGF[(129.83±17.64)ng/L], TGF-β1[(83.21±16.79)ng/L] and IL-6[(24.32±4.19)ng/L] in the observation group were lower than those in the control group [(210.37±25.43)ng/L, (176.48±23.12)ng/L and (48.39±5.47)ng/L] ( t=20.325, 25.494, 27.284, all P<0.05). The CD 3+ [(75.72±3.46)%], CD 4+ [(42.56±3.18)%] and CD 4+ /CD 8+ (1.97±0.19) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group [(66.81±4.80)%, (37.87±2.63)% and (1.62±0.16)] ( t=11.761, 8.877, 11.005, all P<0.05). Conclusion:Montelukast sodium combined with glucocorticoid has obvious therapeutic effect on children with acute attack of asthma.It can reduce inflammatory reaction and enhance immune function, which is worthy of clinical reference.

International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2048-2050, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608844


Objective To analyze the specimen types,ward distribution and risk factors for infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase(ESBLs)-producing-Escherichia coli(ECO) in recent two years,so as to provide bacteriological basis for both hospital infection control and clinical anti-infection treatment.Methods Non-repetitive 443 ECO strains isolated from the hospitalized patients in the Third People′s Hospital of Shenzhen were collcted,and the phoenix100 system was employed for bacterial identification and antimicrobial susceptibility tests.ESBLs-ECO was further confirmed by the double-disk synergy test,and the risk factors caused ESBLs-ECO were statistically analyzed.Results A total of 115 strains of ESBLs-ECO were identified among the 443 strains of ECO,which accounted for 26.0%.The ESBLs-ECO strains were mainly isolated from the sputum,urine,and blood specimens.Among the isolated ESBLs-ECO strains,20.9% were isolated from the department of Tuberculosis,13.9% from the department of pediatric,12.2% from the department of live disease,and 8.7% from the department of infection.The male sex,surgery and use of the third generation cephalosporins were independent risk factors of ESBLs-ECO infection.Conclusion The isolation rate of ESBLs-ECO in this hospital is high.It is necessary for the hospital to strengthen the control of nosocomial infections according to the risk factors.More attention should be payed on male patients,the standardization of surgical operation and disinfection,and the restriction of using the third generation cephalosporins,so as to reduce the incidene of ESBLs-ECO infections.

Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 927-938, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669501


Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1/ABCC1) is the first identified member of ABCC subfamily which belongs to ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily.It is ubiquitously expressed in almost all human tissues and transports a wide spectrum of substrates including drugs,heavy metal anions,toxicants,and conjugates of glutathione,glucuronide and sulfate.With the advance of sequence technology,many MRP1/ABCC1 polymorphisms have been identified.Accumulating evidences show that some polymorphisms are significantly associated with drug resistance and disease susceptibility.In vitro reconstitution studies have also unveiled the mechanism for some polymorphisms.In this review,we present recent advances in understanding the role and mechanism of MRP1/ABCC1 polymorphisms in drug resistance,toxicity,disease susceptibility and severity,prognosis prediction,and methods to select and predict functional polymorphisms.

Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592750


Objective To investigate the radiation and radioprotection in bedside digital radiography. Methods 650 cases undergoing X-ray examination in sugical wards are involved. Results The patients' X-ray radiation dose is 3.12~7.68 mGR. Conclusion To avoid unnecessary radiation, radioprotection should be emphasized when improving images' quality.

Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543837


Objective To study the usefulness of oral contrast-enhanced helical CT cholangiography in the diagnosis and treatment for bile duct diseases.Methods 18 cases of suspected bile duct diseases were studied. The dose of iopanoic acid was 6.0 gram (n=5), 3.0 gram (n=10) and 1.0 gram (n=3). CT scan was performed 12~14 h after administration. Reformatted 2D and 3D MIP images were got from axial source images. The opacified degree of bile duct was described as no opacification, light opacification, well opacification or overopacification . The findings of CT chonlangiography were compared with pathological and/or clinical results . Results (1) The dose ofiopanoic acid could effect the opacified degree of bile duct. It should be more than 6.0 gram to investigate intrahepatic bile duct, and 3.0gram should be enough to investigate extrahepatic bile duct; (2) Intra- and extrahepatic bile duct anatomy could be display clearly,especially the extrahepatic duct. Function of bile duct system, relations between lesion and bile duct, and the obstructed degree of bile duct could be revealed too. Sensitivity was 80% in diagnosis of negative gallstone and gallpolypus . Sensitivity was 88.9% and specificity was 100% in diagnosis of negative gall-stone in general bile duct ; (3) 2D and 3D MIP reconstructions displayed the spatiality of bile duct better.Conclusion Oral contrast-enhanced helical CT cholangiography is feasible and noninvasive. It is a well method in revealling the bile duct anatomy and diagnosing the bile duct lesions, and is useful for bile duct operations.