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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 177-179, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868786

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the treatment and outcomes of hepatic biloma after minimally invasive interventional therapies.Methods:From January 2013 to December 2018, patients who underwent transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, percutaneous microwave ablation, and percutaneous biliary drainage (PTBD) at the Affiliated Hospital to Jiangnan University (Wuxi No.3 Hospital) and developed postoperative biloma that required treatment were included into this study.Results:Of 43 bilomas, 14 were treated with percutaneous drainage. There were 9 males and 5 females, with an average age of 61(29-85) years. These bilomas could be classified into the following 3 types: extrahepatic bilomas (2 patients), simple bilomas (10 patients) and infected bilomas (2 patients). The treatments included PTBD, drainage of percutaneous biloma or a combination of both.Conclusion:Biloma is a known complication after minimally invasive interventional therapies. These bilomas could be classified to guide treatment and to improve prognosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 934-940, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic value of quantitative plaque analysis and coronary CT angiography (CCTA) derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) in evaluating plaque progression (PP).Methods:A total of 118 consecutive patients who underwent serial CCTA examinations in Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University from December 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. There were 37 patients in the PP group and 81 patients in the non-PP group. All patients′ CCTA images were quantitatively analyzed using plaque analysis software. The quantitative analysis parameters included stenosis degree, plaque length, total plaque volume, calcified plaque volume, non-calcified plaque volume, minimum lumen area, remodeling index(RI) and plaque burden. Plaque progression was defined as plaque burden change rate>1%. CT-FFR analysis was performed using cFFR software and the CT-FFR value was measured at 2-4 cm distal to the coronary lesion. Baseline parameters between the two groups were evaluated using Students t-test, U-test, chi-square test. The logistic regression model was conducted to evaluate the relationship between CCTA derived parameters and PP. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis with the areas under the curve (AUC) was used to determine the predictive performance of different CCTA parameters. Results:Compared with the non-PP group, the patients were older( t=2.391, P=0.018), the prevalence of hyperlipidemia was higher(χ2=4.550, P=0.033), and the proportion of statins use was lower (χ2=4.764, P=0.029) in the PP group. The PP group showed greater coronary stenosis, smaller minimum lumen area, larger plaque volume and non-calcified plaque volume, larger remodeling index and lower CT-FFR value on baseline CCTA (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that RI(OR=2.714, 95%CI:1.078-6.836)and CT-FFR (OR=2.940, 95%CI:1.215-7.116) were independent predictors of PP. The model based on CCTA stenosis degree, quantitative plaque features and CT-FFR (AUC 0.83, 95%CI: 0.75-0.90; P<0.001) was significantly better than the model based on CCTA stenosis degree (AUC 0.62, 95%CI: 0.52-0.70, P=0.049) and the model based on CCTA stenosis degree and quantitative plaque characteristics (AUC 0.77, 95%CI: 0.68-0.84, P<0.001). Conclusions:Compared with the prediction model derived on stenosis degree, plaque quantitative markers and CT-FFR can improve the prediction value of PP.RI and CT-FFR were important predictors of PP.

3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 957-963, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781841

ABSTRACT

The purpose of our study is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of radiomics in multi-class discrimination of lymphadenopathy based on elastography and B-mode dual-modal ultrasound images. We retrospectively analyzed a total of 251 lymph nodes (89 benign lymph nodes, 70 lymphoma and 92 metastatic lymph nodes) from 248 patients, which were examined by both elastography and B-mode sonography. Firstly, radiomic features were extracted from multimodal ultrasound images, including shape features, intensity statistics features and gray-level co-occurrence matrix texture features. Secondly, three feature selection methods based on information theory were used on the radiomic features to select different subsets of radiomic features, consisting of conditional infomax feature extraction, conditional mutual information maximization, and double input symmetric relevance. Thirdly, the support vector machine classifier was performed for diagnosis of lymphadenopathy on each radiomic subsets. Finally, we fused the results from different modalities and different radiomic feature subsets with Adaboost to improve the performance of lymph node classification. The results showed that the accuracy and overall 1 score with five-fold cross-validation were 76.09%±1.41% and 75.88%±4.32%, respectively. Moreover, when considering on benign lymph nodes, lymphoma or metastatic lymph nodes respectively, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of multi-class classification were 0.77, 0.93 and 0.84, respectively. This study indicates that radiomic features derived from multimodal ultrasound images are benefit for diagnosis of lymphadenopathy. It is expected to be useful in clinical differentiation of lymph node diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Lymph Nodes , Lymphadenopathy , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography
4.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 75-77, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611309

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Biyankang Tablets on quality of life and recurrence rate in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Methods A total of 78 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis treated in our hospital during October 2014 to November 2016 were selected, and they were randomly divided into the control group and the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group according to the order of admission, with 39 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with FESS, and the TCM group was additionally treated with Biyankang Tablets. The clinical efficacy, inflammatory factors [interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-8 (IL-8)], the prognosis [visual analogue scale (VAS) score of rhinosinusitis and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30)], drug safety and recurrence rates in the two groups were observed. Results After treatment, the total effective rate of treatment in TCM group was significantly higher than that in the control group (89.74% vs 71.79%) (χ2=4.044, P<0.05). After treatment, IL-4, IL-8 and VAS scores in the two groups were significantly decreased, and the scores of EORTC and QLQ-C30 were significantly increased, and the changes of scores in TCM group after treatment were more significant than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups, and the recurrence rate in TCM group was significantly lower than that in the control group in 1 year after treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion TCM Biyankang Tablets is significantly effective in the treatment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis after FESS. It can significantly inhibit the expression of inflammatory factors, effectively improve the prognosis and quality of life, and significantly reduce the recurrence rate.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 283-286, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609172

ABSTRACT

Purpose The patients with varicose veins of lower limbs need to undergo extensive CT or X-ray examinations with high doses of radiation before and after treatment.The aim of this study is to investigate the value of low-dose CT contrast-enhanced scan for the superficial varicosis of lower limbs.Materials and Methods Forty patients diagnosed as superficial varicosis of lower limbs were selected prospectively.According to the scanning parameters,40 patients were randomly divided into four groups:group Ⅰ (standard group) scanned by 120 kV and 250 mAs,group Ⅱ scanned by 120 kV and 100 mAs,group Ⅲ scanned by 100 kV and 200 mAs,group Ⅳ scanned by 80 kV and 300 mAs.The effective dose (ED),signal noise ratio (SNR),contrast noise ratio (CNR) and image quality were evaluated.Results (① There were no significant differences in age,body mass index and height between the four groups (P>0.05).② The ED values of the four groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).③ The differences of SNR and CNR had statistical significance between the four groups (F=3.7 and 3.6,P<0.05).All images met the diagnostic requirements.Conclusion The lower tube voltage and the higher tube current (80 kV,300 mAs) can reduce the radiation dose and have less influence on the image quality,which can meet the clinical diagnostic requirements and can be used as routine scanning parameters for patients with superficial varicosis of lower limbs.

6.
China Biotechnology ; (12): 1-7, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607589

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the antitumor mechanism of W40,a monomer purified from Wedelia prostrate (Hook.et Arn.) Hemsl.Methods:The effects of W40 on the cell proliferative of GLC-82 cells were detected by MTT assay and colony formation assay.The migratory abilities of GLC-82 cells were observed by wound healing assay.Cell apoptosis was evaluated by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining analysis.The levels of apoptosis-relative proteins and cell proliferation-related proteins,such as Caspase-3,PARP,Stat3 and ERK,were detected by Western blotting.Results:MTF assay showed that W40 had a significant cytotoxic effect on non-small cell lung cancer GLC-82 cells.Colony formation assays showed that W40 significantly inhibited GLC-82 cells proliferation.The migration of GLC-82 cells was inhibited by W40 in a dose-dependent manner.Flow cytometry showed that the apoptotic rate increased gradually in a concentration-dependent manner.W40 down-regulated Stat3 as decreasing p-Stat3 and downstream proteins of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1.At the same time,W40 up-regulated the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax,and increased the cleavaged Caspase-9,Caspase-3 and PARP.W40 also down-regulated BRAF / MAPK / ERK signal pathway as decreasing p-BRAF,p-MEK and p-ERK.Conclusions:W40 induced apoptosis by inhibiting BRAF / MAPK / ERK and Stat3 signaling pathways.

7.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 262-265,279, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606042

ABSTRACT

respectively)was significantly higher than that for digital anterograde venography (0.684 and 0.587,P =0.026,respectively).Conclusion Diagnostic accuracy and detection rate of residuaI or recurrent varicose veins with CT phlebography are found to be more superior than that with digital anterograde venography which has high guidance value in preoperation and assesses the efficacy of post-surgery treatment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 196-198,202, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603388

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the processing parameters for the extraction of chlorogenic acid in Fule Granula by Box-Behnken experimental design.Methods The content of chlorogenic acid in Fule Granula was determination.The separation was performed on a Agilent ZORBAX Eclipse XDB C18 column(4.6 mm ×250 mm, 5 μm), and column temperature 30 ℃.Aetonitrile-0.2% H3PO4 was used as the mobile phase.The detection wavelength was at 327 nm.A three-factor and three-level Box-Behnken experimental design was employed to investigate effects of extraction time, solid-liquid ratio and extraction times on composite score of extracting amount of chlorogenic acid.Results Optimum process conditions were as follows:12 times the amount of water extracted three times, each time 60 min; chlorogenic acid extraction rate of 3.379%.Conclusion This optimized extraction technology has good predictability by Box-Behnken experimental design, and overall desirability, it provides a reference for application of Fule Granula.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 276-279, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468835

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinic effect of a hybrid technique of laser and foam sclerosant in treating varicose vein of the lower extremity.Methods From April 2009 to April 2013,hybird operation of endovenous laser combined with foam sclerosant was carrird out in 126 patients with lower extremity varicosities.A total 175 diseased legs were treated.Catheter guidewire techniques was performed first in placing optical fiber below saphenous vein flap,which was followed by laser ablation for the great saphenous vein,then foam sclerotherapy were used for greater saphenous vein trunk 4 cm below tibial tubercle and the superficial varicose veins with diameter less than 6 mm.All patients were followed up for 3-24 months.The operation time,average hospitalization days,patients quality of life score,curative effect and complications were analyzed.CT angiography in the evaluation of occlusion of varicose vein of lower limbs trunk and recurrence were performed at the time of discharge and three months later respectively.Results Hybrid operation of endovenous laser treatment and foam sclerosant was successfully performed in all cases.The procedure time for a single leg was (32 ± 7) minutes; the quality of life score and the hospitalization after procedure was (4.2 ± 1.8) days and (40 ± 7) score respectively.CT angiography at discharge and 3 months later revealed that 97 (55.42%) and 111 (63.42%) limbs varicose veins disappeared respectively,78 (44.57%),64 (36.57%) lower limb varicose veins was reduced respectively,143 (81.71%),158 (90.28%) great saphenous vein trunk were in emphraxis respectively and 32 (18.28%),17 (9.71%) great saphenous vein lumen were narrowed.No vascular recanalization was found.The complications included saphenous nerve injury in 5 cases,soft tissue infection in 5 cases,calf skin burn in 11 cases,local funicular patches nodules in 32 cases,edema in 16 cases,subcutaneous hematoma in 10 cases.No complications such as pulmonary embolism,and deep venous thrombosis happened.Conclusions For the treatment of lower extremity varicosities,hybrid operation of laser and foam sclerosant ablation have high limb cure rate,less operation time and complications.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 92-97, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466203

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the antitumor effect of 153Sm-DTPA-c (CGRRAGGSC) on MHCC97-H human liver cancer using a nude mice model.Methods 153Sm-DTPA-c(CGRRAGGSC) was indirectly synthesized by the reaction of 153SmC13 with DTPA-c(CGRRAGGSC).Western blot was used to detect the expression changes of IL-11 receptor of eight different cell lines.20 MHCC97-H tumor-bearing nude mice were randomly divided into four groups by random number table method with five mice in each group,administered with different activities of 153 Sm-DTPA-c (CGRRAGGSC) by tail vein injection (5.5,11.0,22.0 MBq/0.2 ml and physiological saline/0.2 ml in turn).All nude mice were terminated after 16 d then the tumor tissue was observed and analyzed with microscopy,electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry for Ki-67,Bc1-2 and IL-11 receptor.Western blot was used to evaluate the expression changes on IL-11 receptor of tumor tissue at different doses.Results After administration with 153 Sm-DTPA-c(CGRRAGGSC),the central region in the early stage of tumor became dry,necrosis,and crusting.In the late stage,tumor continually grew surrounding necrosis tissue.The inhibition rates in the low,middle and higher dose group were (22.72 ±2.76)%,(34.65 ±2.36)% and (85.13 ±5.78)%,respectively(F =89.32,P < 0.05).The morphologic results showed that tumor structures were severely damaged along with radiation dose.The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the IL-11 receptor-positive cells in the control group and 5.5 MBq group was (84.13 ± 5.71) % and (61.57 ± 5.98) % (t =13.62,P <0.05),respectively.The Ki-67 and Bcl-2 positive cells were decreased in the injection group (t =20.91,6.68,P <0.05).Western blot analysis showed that the expression of IL-11 receptor protein decreased with antitumor-effect of radiation.Conclusions 153Sm-DTPA-c (CGRRAGGSC) effectively depresses the growth of MHCC97-H human liver cancer and suppresses the expression of IL-11 receptor,and hence could be a promoting agent for the treatment of MHCC97-H human liver cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 512-516, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478501

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of 256-slice CT whole hepatic perfusion imaging in transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods Twenty-three patients with hepatocellular carcinoma underwent whole hepatic perfusion with the JOG technique one week before TACE.The scanning data of cancer and liver tissues were analyzed using the perfusion software.The cancer tissue perfusion was repeated 4 to 6 weeks after treatment and was compared with that before treatment.Results (1) Before TACE,the HCC lesions were shown on the hepatic arterial perfusion (HAP) map as homogeneous hyper-perfusion lesions in 8 patients and as inhomogeneous hyper-perfusion lesions in 15 patients.The HAP and hepatic arterial perfusion index (HAPI) values of the tumor were higher than those of the liver tissues,while the hepatic portal perfusion (HPP) values of the tumor was lower than that of the liver tissues.The differences were all significant (P < 0.05).(2) Mter TACE,the tumors were totally filled with lipiodol in 3 patients,partially filled with lipiodol in 13 patients,and sparsely filled with lipiodol in the remaining 3 patients.There was no blood perfusion in the lipiodol-filled areas and in the cancer necrotic tissues,but in the sparsely or partially lipiodol-filled areas blood perfusion could still be seen.21 patients received another session of TACE 6 to 8 weeks later.The results between the hepatic arterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and the CT perfusion were 100% matching.The HAP and HAPI values of the tumor decreased when compared with before treatment,and the difference was significant (both P <0.05).The HPP values decreased slightly with no significant difference (P > 0.05),while higher HAP and HPI and lower HPP were observed in the active cancer tissues when compared with the liver tissues after treatment (P < 0.05).Conclusion 256-slice MSCT whole liver perfusion imaging can quantitatively reflect abnormal perfusion of hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and postoperative active tissues,and has important guiding significance in the preoperative evaluation,and the postoperative follow up of patients treated with TACE.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 458-460,465, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601439

ABSTRACT

Purpose Blast lung injury is severe, and is the main causes of death in explosion. This paper aims to explore the imaging features of blast lung injury, and to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and care. Materials and Methods The clinical data of 37 patients with primary blast lung injury stricken in the 8.2 Kunshan explosion in 2014 were retrospectively studied, with regard to the degree of burn, area, auxiliary emergency treatment and medical history. The imaging manifestations of X-ray and/or CT were also analyzed. Results ① The X-ray and/or CT findings of chest showed that 6 cases (16.2%) presented no obvious abnormality of lung parenchyma, 14 cases (37.8%) manifested increase of lung markings and spot-like clouding opacity, 6 cases (16.2%) presented ground glass opacity, 7 cases (18.9%) manifested patchy shadow, 4 cases (10.8%) showed diffuse consolidation. 6 cases (16.2%) with pleural effusion, 6 cases (16.2%) complicated with pneumothorax and hydropneumothorax, 4 cases (10.8%) with enlarged podoid and pericardial effusion, 2 cases (5.4%) with mediastinal hematoma, 9 cases (24.3%) with rib fracture. The positive rate of X-ray film inspection was 72.2% (13/18), yet that of CT reached 92.9% (13/14). ② Five patients who had not been seen obvious abnormal in emergency lung examination appeared mottling shadows or flake fuzzy shadows in the examination on the second day; 9 cases with aggravated symptoms and infection signs displayed relieved signs, expanded or changed primary lesions. Conclusion Imaging examination is an important tool in the diagnosis of primary blast lung injury. CT is superior to X-ray film on the detection of lesions; therefore, CT examination on chest should be carried out as soon as possible if conditions are allowed.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 693-697, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446897

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of thalidomide ( THD) on the activation of connective tissue growth factor ( CTGF) gene promoter induced by transforming growth factor β1 ( TGF-β1 ) in human embryonic lung fibroblasts ( HELF) .METHODS:DNA sequence of CTGF gene promoter was cloned into luciferase reporter gene vector to construct the recombinant eukaryotic expression vector pGL 3-CTGFP, and the recombinant vector was transfected into HELF cell line.The effects of TGF-β1 and THD on the activation of CTGF gene promoter were detected by dual-luciferase analysis . RESULTS:TGF-β1 increased the reporter gene activity dose-dependently (P<0.05), with a plateau at 5 μg/L being 2.16 folds as high as the control .TGF-β1-induced increase in the reporter gene activity was also time-dependent ( P<0.05).After exposure to TGF-β1(5 μg/L), the level of luciferase activity reached its peak at 12 h and was 2.52 folds as high as the control .THD significantly inhibited TGF-β1-induced increase in the reporter gene activity in a dose-dependent manner , but its basal activity was not changed .CONCLUSION: TGF-β1 stimulates the transcriptional activity of CTGF gene promoter in HELF cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner , while THD may inhibit the effects dose-dependently .

14.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5723-5728, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433292

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Bioartificial liver could partial y replace the major liver functions, including detoxification, synthesis, secretion and biotransformation. OBJECTIVE:To use bibliometric indexes to track study focuses on bioartificial liver, and to investigate the relationships among geographic origin, impact factors, and highly cited articles indexed in Web of Science. METHODS:A list of citation classics for bioartificial liver was generated by searching the database of Web of Science-Expanded using the terms“artificial liver support system”or artificial liver or“bioartificial liver”. The top 33 cited research articles which were cited more than 100 times were retrieved. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:Of 4 144 articles published, the 33 top-cited articles were published between 1992 and 2010. The highest citations paper was published in 2002, with a total of 668 citations, mean cited 55.67 per year. The total citations of 33 articles were 6 094 times, with a mean of 12.64 citations per article. These top-cited papers came from 11 countries, of which 12 articles came from the United States. University of Rostock led the list of classics with five papers. Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital ranked the second with four papers each. The 33 top-cited articles were published in 18 journals, predominantly Annals of Surgery and Hepatology, fol owed by Artificial Organs and Biotechnology and Bioengineering. Our bibliometric analysis provides a historical perspective on the progress of bioartificial liver research. Articles originating from outstanding institutions of the United States and published in high-impact journals are most likely to be cited.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 825-828, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439076

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the value of direct CT venography (CTV) for the diagnosis of varicose veins of lower limb. Materials and methods Forty patients diagnosed as varicose veins of lower limbs were enrolled. 40 patients with 56 involved limbs underwent direct CTV examination, and their images were stratified and evaluated according to the severity and the scope of the disease. Main assessment:definition and scope of CT axial scans combined with volume rendering (VR) and maximum intensity projection for the display of the varicose veins; situation for the display of perforating veins, deep veins and iliac veins;diagnostic compliance between CTV and DSA. Results All of the 56 involved limbs underwent laser intra-cavity occlusion surgery, among them 7 cases with 11 limbs underwent venous angiography under DSA at the same time. In the evaluation of the VR, excellent proportion was 92.86%(52/56), moderate proportion was 7.14%(4/56). Among the deep veins, ratio of the imaging that was able to meet the diagnostic standard was 94.34%, 88.46%and 27.27%, respectively for calf vein, femoral vein and external iliac vein. The total demonstration rate of perforating veins was 98.21%(55/56). Diagnostic compliance between CTV and DSA was 100.00%. Conclusion Lower extremity direct CTV imaging is convenient and noninvasive for patients with varicose veins, with high compliance with DSA results, thus is significantly valuable for the guide of clinical treatment.

16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 606-609, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267541

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of sodium valproate (VPA) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human lung carcinoma SPC-A1 cells and the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effect of VPA on the proliferation of SPC-A1 cells was evaluated by MTT assay and clone formation assay. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the apoptosis of the cells exposed to VPA. The changes in the expressions of Bcl-xl, Bcl-2, Mcl-1, caspase-9, and caspase-3 in the exposed cells were detected by Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Incubation with VPA for 48 h resulted in a significant inhibition of SPC-A1 cell proliferation, with a IC(50) of 1.8 mmol/L. VPA treatment also inhibited cell colony formation and induced obvious cell apoptosis. Exposure to 8 mmol/L VPA for 48 h caused a percentage of early apoptotic cells of 60.44%. VPA treatment at different concentrations for 48 h obviously lowered the protein levels of Bcl-xl, Bcl-2, and Mcl-1 and induced caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation in SPC-A1 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>VPA can inhibit the proliferation of SPC-A1 cells by triggering mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Valproic Acid , Pharmacology , bcl-X Protein , Metabolism
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 138-45, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382391

ABSTRACT

In this study, the effects of apollon antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human Lovo cells in vitro were investigated. Apollon ASODN was incubated with human colorectal Lovo cells for 48 h, the proliferation inhibition and the clone forming rates were detected by WST method and clone formation assay, respectively. The expression of apollon mRNA was analyzed by real time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The percentage of apoptotic cells and cell cycle distribution were determined by flow cytometry. The morphology of apoptotic cells was examined by fluorescence microscope. Lovo cells incubated with apollon ASODN combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), cisplatin (DDP) or epirubicin (EPI) of different concentrations, cell proliferation inhibition rates were detected with WST method and IC50 was calculated. It was found that ASODN targeting apollon gene could all suppress the growth of Lovo cells and induce apoptosis of these cells significantly (P < 0.05). After Lovo cells treated with apollon ASODN for 48 hours, the expression of the apollon mRNA level was suppressed significantly. And a marked concentration-dependent decline of cell proliferation and clone forming, increasing of cell apoptosis levels were observed. The percentage of G0/G1 phage cells was abated and that of S phage cells was increased and the Lovo cells arrested at S phage of the cell cycle detected with flow cytometry. Many Lovo cells stained with Hoechst 33258 exhibited apoptotic morphology such as cell shrinkage, nuclear condensation and nuclear fragmentation. Cell proliferation inhibition was detected and their chemo-therapeutic effects of 5-FU, DDP and EPI on Lovo cells combined with apollon ASODN (0.08 micromol x L(-1)) were enhanced independently compared with single 5-FU, DDP and EPI groups, and the sensitivity enhanced about 2.58, 4.47, and 5.33 times respectively. It can be concluded that ASODN targeting apollon can suppress the expression of apollon mRNA, and inhibit the proliferation, induce apoptosis, arrest cell cycle at S phase of colorectal cancer Lovo cells in vitro and enhance the chemo-sensitivity to 5-FU, DDP and EPI.

18.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 46-50, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of CpG ODN on the immune responses and immune-contraception induced by ZP~(121-140) synthetic peptide.Methods: BALB/e mice were given an injection into the left tibialis anterior muscle of ZP~(121-140) synthetic peptide with 20 μg CpG ODN or CFA,then the mice were given other injections at 2,4,6 weeks using the same formulation.The mice' s blood was collected before each vaccination and after the last vaccination every 2 weeks.The specific IgG and IgA in sere and non-specific cytokines IFN-γ,TNF-α,IL-10 in vaginal mucosa were measured by ELISA.The ovarial pathological changes were undertaken using hemattxylin and eosin-stained paraffin sections.Results:The specific IgG in sera and IgA in vaginal mucosa induced by ZP~(121-140) synthetic peptide combined with CpG ODN were no more than those of ZP~(121-140) synthetic peptide combined with CFA.There were significant increases in IFN-γ,and TNF-α when CpG ODN was mixed with ZP121-140 synthetic peptide and the increase of CpG ODN was more significant than that of CFA.Otherwise there was a significant decrease in IL-10 when CpG ODN was mixed with ZP~(121-140) synthetic peptide and the decrease of CpG ODN was more significant than thai of CFA.There was no significant difference in the rate of pregnancy between CpG ODN group and CFA group,but the average number of birth mice in CpG ODN group was less than that in CFA group.No pathological changes were found in the ovaries of experimental mice.Conclusion: The adjuvant effect of CpG ODN is more advantageous than that of CFA in contraception vaccine research.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 974-978, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406692

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) is a type of highly effective immune adjuvant with low toxicity, which has an extensive application in gene therapy for many diseases. However, the specificity for species and cells leading to low uptake by cells and degradation by nuclease blocks its clinical application. OBJECTIVE: To explore the specific delivery and its immunologic efficacy of CpG ODN targeting B lymphocytes of umbilical cord blood by CD40 ligand-receptor-mediated carrier system. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: An observation and control experiment was performed at the Department of Hematology, and Department of Pediatric, the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University from April 2004 to October 2007. MATERIALS: Fresh umbilical cord blood with heparin was obtained from healthy, natal infant. Informed consent was obtained from his parents, and the experiment was approved by the hospital Ethics Committee. METHODS: CD40 ligand (CD40L)-EDC-PLL-CpG ODN conjugated complex was prepared. Mononuclear cells (MNCs) from umbilical cord blood were co-cultured with conjugated complexes. Uptake rate, mean fluorescence intensity of FAM marked CpG ODN, expressions of MNCs, proliferations of lymphocytes and the IgG levels of culture supematants were detected by flow cytometry, fluorescence techniques, MTT assay and ELISA, respectively. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The uptake rate, the mean fluorescence intensity of CpG ODN by MNCs, subgroups and proliferations of lymphocytes, and IgG levels of culture supematants. RESULTS: Compared to the pure CpG ODN group, the uptake rate of the conjugated complexes group was higher (98%), the peak level of up-taking occurred earlier, and intracellular fluorescence intensity maintained much more stable. Expressions of CD19+, CD22+, and CD20+ was increased, A value and IgG levels in supematants were all higher than that of the control group. CONCLUSION: CD40 tigand-receptor-mediated carrier system is helpful for CpG ODN delivery targeting to B lymphocyte, enhancing its immunological efficiency.

20.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595084

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of siRNAs targeted protein kinase C ?(PKC?) on the proliferation and apoptosis of A549 cell line.Methods Six PKC? siRNAs were designed and chemical synthesized. Candidate PKC? siRNA was transfected into A549 cells,PKC? mRNA level was determined by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Then,the effects of more effective PKC? siRNAs on A549 were further investigated by using clone formation assay,Hoechst 33258 staining,propidium iodide (PI) staining,Annexin V-FITC and PI dual staining and western blot. Results Six candidate PKC? siRNAs were designed and named as No.1,No.2,No.3,No.4,No.5 and No.6 PKC? siRNA. Compared with controls,PKC? mRNA levels were all significantly downregulated and the cell proliferation was inhibited in A549 cells treated with candidate PKC? siRNAs except No.5 (P

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