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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 401-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932258


Objective:To investigate the effect of conventional treatment plus long-term transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on consciousness recovery in patients with minimally conscious state (MCS) after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 60 patients with MCS after TBI admitted to Zhejiang Armed Police Corps Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020, including 38 males and 22 females, aged 19-60 years [(45.7±11.4)years]. Course of disease was 3-6 months [(4.6±0.9)months]. Of all, 30 patients received internal medicine, hyperbaric oxygen, rehabilitation and other conventional treatment (conventional treatment group), and 30 patients received tDCS stimulation on the basis of conventional treatment (tDCS treatment group). The tDCS stimulation contained 4 cycles for 28 days with each cycle lasting for 7 days (stimulation for 5 days, rest for 2 days). Coma recovery scale-revised (CRS-R) total score, brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) score and clinical effictive rate (significantly effective+effective) were compared between the two groups before treatment, during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment. Complications induced by tDCS were also evaluated.Results:There was no significant difference in CRS-R total score and BAEP score between the two groups before treatment (all P>0.05). CRS-R total score and BAEP score in tDCS treatment group were significantly higher than those in conventional treatment group during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment (all P<0.05). CRS-R total score and BAEP score in both groups gradually increased during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment (all P<0.05). The clinical effective rate in tDCS treatment group was 73% (22/30) when compared to 57% (17/30) in conventional treatment group ( P<0.05). In tDCS treatment group, 10 patients had local reversible slight redness at the cathodal position, while no other serious adverse effects, such as local burns, ulceration, exudation or epilepsy. Conclusion:Compared with conventional treatment, conventional treatment plus long-term tDCS can be more effective in improving the state of consciousness without serious adverse effects for MCS patients after TBI.

J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(4): 409-413, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287037


Abstract Objective This study aimed to identify the predictors and threshold of failure in neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome. Methods Newborns with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome aged 0-28 days and gestational age ≥36 weeks were included in the study if their cases were managed with non-extra corporal membrane oxygenation treatments. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they died before discharge. Predictors of non-extra corporal membrane oxygenation treatment failure were sought, and the threshold of predictors was calculated. Results A total of 103 patients were included in the study. A total of 77 (74.8%) survived hospitalization and were discharged, whereas 26 (25.2%) died. Receiver operating characteristic analysis of oxygen index, pH, base excess, and combinations of these indicators demonstrated the advantage of the combination of oxygen index and base excess over the others variables regarding their predictive ability. The area under the curve for the combination of oxygen index and base excess was 0.865. When the cut-off values of oxygen index and base excess were 30.0 and −7.4, respectively, the sensitivity and specificity for predicting death were 77.0% and 84.0%, respectively. The model with base excess added a net reclassification improvement of 0.090 to the model without base excess. Conclusion The combination of oxygen index and base excess can be used as a predictor of outcomes in neonates receiving non-extra corporal membrane oxygenation treatment for acute respiratory distress syndrome. In neonates with acute respiratory distress syndrome, if oxygen index >30 and base excess <−7.4, non-extra corporal membrane oxygenation therapy is likely to lead to death.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Respiratory Insufficiency , Oxygen , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463730


Since the launch of the comprehensive public hospital reform in Zhejiang Province, the price of medical services has been adjusted, and the charging structure of medical services has been improved. Likewise, medical insurance policies have been optimized. Through several price adjustment strategies, such as the“loosen-re-strain” policy, the labor of medical personnel has been better valued, the operation of public medical institutions has been stabilized, and the allocation of medical resources has been optimized. Hence, this paper aims to measure the achievements and drawbacks of the medical service price adjustments by analyzing the various strategy. It is suggested that the comprehensive public hospital reform should be further intensified via the advancement of coordination of healthcare, medical insurance and medicine, the exploration of new procurement mechanisms for drugs and medical equipment, the establishment of dynamic adjustment mechanisms for medical service pricing, the exploration of new management mechanisms for medical services, and the strengthening of medical service supervision.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 706-710, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456977


Objective To measure the value of orthopedic physiological and operative severity score for the enumeration of mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) and Portsmouth modified POSSUM (P-POSSUM) scoring systems in predicting operative risks in aged hip fracture patients.Methods Orthopedic POSSUM and P-POSSUM were performed to predict complication incidence and mortality for 164 aged patients operated for hip fracture.Validation of the scoring systems was tested by assessing observed to expected ratio,discrimination,and calibration.Discriminative ability and calibration of both scores were estimated using receiver operation characteristic curve (ROC) and Hosmer-Lemeshow test respectively.Results Orthopedic POSSUM score performed in predicting incidence of postoperative complications showed overall observed to expected ratio of 0.86,area under the curve of 0.82,and good calibration (H2 =3.66,df=8,P > 0.05).P-POSSUM performed in predicting mortality showed overall observed to expected ratio of 0.80,area under the curve of 0.93 and good calibration (H2 =3.21,df =4,P > 0.05).While orthopedic POSSUM overestimated postoperative mortality (overall observed to expected ratio =0.27).Conclusion Orthopedic POSSUM and P-POSSUM scores are respectively accurate in predicting postoperative complication incidence and mortality in aged hip fracture patients,but orthopedic POSSUM score overestimates the mortality.

Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 139-142,151, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598658


The deletion of tumor suppressor gene PTEN's expression was familiar in many tumors, including prostate cancer. The guide would be given in the diagnosis, therapy and prognosis of prostate cancer by studying about PTEN's tumor suppression mechanism and relation with expression deletion. This review makes an overview focusing on the recent progress of PTEN's structure, function, expression deletion, and the correlation between PTEN and prostate cancer.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433633