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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 62-67, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the CT characteristics of bronchiolar adenoma (BA) in order to improve the understanding of the disease and to increase the accuracy of preoperative diagnosis.Methods:The clinical, imaging and pathological data of 69 patients with BA confirmed by surgical resection and pathology at Cancer Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 2018 to November 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. The type, the location and the size of the lesions, the distance from the lesion to the adjacent pleura, as well as the morphological characteristics including lobulation, spiculation, bubble lucency and pleural indentation were analyzed and recorded. The follow-up CT data were also reviewed.Results:Among 69 BAs, pre-operation chest CT displayed visible lesion in 25 cases, and showed negative in 44 cases. According to the lesion density, the 25 BAs on CT images were classified into solid type ( n=8), ground-glass type ( n=8), cystic type ( n=6) and cyst type ( n=3). There were 15 lesions in the right lung (1 in the upper, 2 in the middle and 12 in the lower lobe) and 10 lesions in the left lung (5 in the upper and 5 in the lower lobe). Ten lesions were found adjacent to the pleura. As for the other 15 cases, the distance between the lesion and the adjacent pleura was (10±7) mm. Calcification was displayed in one cystic type BA case. The maximum diameter of 25 BAs were 4.4-30.3 mm, with the median value of 9.6 mm. The lobulation, spiculation, bubble lucency, and pleural indentation of lesions were detected in 20, 11, 12, and 6 cases. In total there were 11 patients received the preoperative follow-up CT, and 4 cases showed enlargement in diameter (including 2 cases of solid type, 1 of ground-glass type and 1 of cystic type). The growth rate was 0.43-2.14 mm/year, with the median value of 1.67 mm/year. Imaging signs including spiculation ( n=1), bubble lucency ( n=1) and lobulation ( n=1) were newly discovered on the preoperative follow-up CT. Postoperative follow-up CT was performed in 13 cases, without any recurrence or metastasis found. Conclusions:CT imaging features of BA usually display as a single pulmonary solid or ground-glass nodule, and also can be presented as cystic or cyst type in several cases. Lesions can appear the lobulation, spiculation and bubble lucency, with calcification rarely found. A few of BA cases can enlarge during follow-up.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930430

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory tract infection is the most common infectious disease in children, which seriously threatens children′s health.Rapid and accurate etiological diagnosis is of great significance for the clinical treatment and control of these diseases.Pathogen nucleic acid test was applied and became the main method of respiratory tract infection diagnosis for its high sensitivity and specificity.To regulate the application of pathogen nucleic acid amplification test in respiratory tract infection in children, improve the diagnosis level, expert consensus on nucleic acid amplification test of respiratory pathogens in children was prepared to guide the application and promote pathogens diagnosis ability.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 678-691, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929319

ABSTRACT

Aging-elevated DNMT3A R882H-driven clonal hematopoiesis (CH) is a risk factor for myeloid malignancies remission and overall survival. Although some studies were conducted to investigate this phenomenon, the exact mechanism is still under debate. In this study, we observed that DNMT3A R878H bone marrow cells (human allele: DNMT3A R882H) displayed enhanced reconstitution capacity in aged bone marrow milieu and upon inflammatory insult. DNMT3A R878H protects hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from the damage induced by chronic inflammation, especially TNFα insults. Mechanistically, we identified that RIPK1-RIPK3-MLKL-mediated necroptosis signaling was compromised in R878H cells in response to proliferation stress and TNFα insults. Briefly, we elucidated the molecular mechanism driving DNMT3A R878H-based clonal hematopoiesis, which raises clinical value for treating DNMT3A R882H-driven clonal hematopoiesis and myeloid malignancies with aging.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930354

ABSTRACT

Respiratory viruses can cause a variety of serious respiratory infections and diseases of tissues and organs outside the respiratory tract, raising a potentially severe threat to the society.Virus replication and survival rely on the internal mechanism of host cells, and the latter also produce a variety of restriction factors that target viral invasion, genome transcription and replication, and assembly and release to block viral infection.Herein, this study reviewed the research progress of the antiviral effects of the host restriction factors of common respiratory viruses and their underlying mechanisms.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1555-1567, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888804

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become one major threat to human population health. The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) presents an ideal target of antivirals, whereas nucleoside analogs inhibitor is hindered by the proofreading activity of coronavirus. Herein, we report that corilagin (RAI-S-37) as a non-nucleoside inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 RdRp, binds directly to RdRp, effectively inhibits the polymerase activity in both cell-free and cell-based assays, fully resists the proofreading activity and potently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection with a low 50% effective concentration (EC

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1059-1065, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the curative effect of suture anchor in the treatment of ankle joint fracture complicated with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury.Methods:From January 2017 to August 2019, data of 65 patients with Weber C type ankle fracture combined with posterior malleolus fracture in our hospital who underwent surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed and were divided into two groups according to the treatment method of injury: suture-anchor repair group (suture-anchor was used to repair the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament) and screw fixation group (cortical bone screw was used to fix the tibiofibular syndesmosis). Among them, 17 cases were treated with suture-anchors to repair the anterior inferior tibiafibular ligament, including 7 males, 10 females, 11 left and 6 right. In the Lauge-Hanson subgroup, there were 10 cases of pronation external rotation (PER), and 7 cases of pronation abduction (PA). The mean age was 43.76±15.83 years old. Forty-eight patients were treated with cortical screw fixation, including 33 males, 15 females, 34 left and 14 right. In the Lauge-Hanson subgroup, there were 30 cases of PER, and 18 cases of PA. The mean age was 39.90±13.57 years old. The differences in operation time, number of fluoroscopy, quality of reduction and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. The ankle joint function was compared at 16 weeks postoperatively and at the last follow-up. The ankle joint function score was based on the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot score.Results:All the 65 patients were followed up and the average follow-up time of 65 cases was 16.88±4.46 months. All the fractures were clinically healed 12-16 weeks after operation. The operative time of screw fixation group was 123.71±41.36 min, and the number of fluoroscopy was 25.17±16.29 times, while the operative time of suture-anchor repair group was 99.94±24.16 min and the number of fluoroscopy was 16.26±10.58 times. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=2.048, 2.175; P=0.045, 0.033). In the screw fixation group, the mean anterior and posterior distance of the tibiofibular syndesmosis was 3.15±1.35 mm, and 6.48±1.43 mm, respectively. In the suture-anchor repair group, the mean anterior distance of the syndesmosis was 2.06±1.47 mm, and the mean posterior distance of the syndesmosis was 6.76±1.78 mm. There was statistically significant difference in the distance of anterior distance of the syndesmosis ( t=3.328, P=0.002), while there was no statistically significant difference in the posterior distance of the syndesmosis ( t=0.701, P=0.486). The incidence of postoperative complications was 16.67% (8/48) in the screw fixation group and 5.88% (1/17) in the suture-anchor repair group, which was no statistically different ( χ2=1.282, P=0.258). The excellent and good rates of AOFAS ankle-hindfoot scores were 91.67% (44/48) in the screw fixation group and 88.24% (15/17) in the suture-anchor repair group at 16 weeks; 95.83% (46/48) in the screw fixation group and 94.12% (16/17) in the suture-anchor repair group at the last follow-up. There was no significant difference ( P >0.05). Conclusion:Compare with screw fixation in the treatment of acute distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury, suture-anchor repair of anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament is a safe and effective method. It can increase the anatomical reduction rate of anterior distance of the syndesmosis, and reduce the operation time without increasing the incidence of complications.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To carry out investigation and analysis of an extensive skin radiation injury to the back accidentally caused by interventional procedure and to explore the problems faced in the event with emphasis on avoiding the reoccurance of similar events in the future.Methods:The data were collected by consulting the patient′s detailed medical history, collecting and analyzing clinical diagnosis and treatment data, tracking and observing their clinical manifestations and signs. The patient′s peripheral blood samples were also collected, together with the biological dose estimated and the equipment data collected on the site of the interventional treatment hospital.Results:The whole body dose to the patient was estimated to be 0.95 Gy. The typical values of kerma rate of radiation incident on the body surface due to fluoroscopic procedures were 373.5 mGy/min in subtraction modality and 47.8 mGy/min in fluoroscopy modality, respectively. The annual effective dose to the interventional radiologist was 20.51 mSv due to his operation in long-time radiation exposure conditions, higher than 3.09 mSv for other interventional radiologists with similar workload in the same department. The whole body and local clinical manifestations of the patients were in line with radiation injury. No clear diagnosis has been obtained in several hospitals, nor can obvious treatment outcomes be obsevered.Conclusion:Combined with the biological dose estimation result and clinical manifestations, the case was diagnosed as degree Ⅳ skin radiation injury. Radiation injury is closely related to whether the operation is conducted according to the standard and the output dose of X-ray machine. Non-specialized hospitals should strengthen clinical diagnosis and treatment of radiation injury.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879955

ABSTRACT

To explore early prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak based on system dynamics model analysis. The data of early outbreak of COVID-19 were collected from the World Health Organization,covering countries of the China,United States,United Kingdom,Australia,Serbia and Italy. The susceptible-exposed-infected-recovered (SEIR) model was generalized and then its parameters were optimized. According to the parameters in the basic infection number expression,the sensitivity in the system dynamics model was used to quantitatively analyze the influence of the protection rate,infection rate and average quarantine time on the early spread of the outbreak. Based on the analysis results,targeted prevention and control measures for the early outbreak of COVID-19 were proposed. The generalized SEIR model had a good fit for the early prediction and evaluation of COVID-19 outbreaks in six countries. The spread of COVID-19 was mainly affected by the protection rate,infection rate and average quarantine time. The improvement of the protection rate in the first ays was the most important:the greater the protection rate,the fewer the number of confirmed cases. The infection rate in the first 5 days was the most critical:the smaller the infection rate,the fewer the number of confirmed cases. The average quarantine time in the first 5 days was very important:the shorter the average quarantine time,the fewer the number of confirmed cases. Through the comparison of key parameters of six countries,Australia and China had implemented strict epidemic prevention policies,which had resulted in good epidemic prevention effects. In the early stage of the outbreak,it is necessary to improve the protection rate,shorten the average quarantine time,and implement strict isolation policies to curb the spread of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Quarantine , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 442-447, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of orthogonal low profile double-plate osteosynthesis (DPO) in the treatment of Neer type IIB distal clavicular fractures.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was carried out to analyze the clinical data of 31 patients with Neer type IIB distal clavicular fractures admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from June 2016 to October 2017. There were 23 males and 8 females, aged 45-76 years(mean, 61.8 years). The left side was involved in 24 patients and right sidein 7. Out Of them, 7 patients were treated with hook plate osteosynthesis (HPO) (HPO group), 13 patients with precontoured distal clavicular locking plate osteosynthesis (LPO) (LPO group), and 11 patients with DPO (DPO group). The Constant-Murley shoulder functional outcomes, clavicle-coracoids distance (CCD), complications and hardware related symptomswere compared between groups.Results:All the patients were followed up for 10-27months(mean, 15.1 months). At the latest follow-up, Constant-Murley score was (93.8±5.1)points in LPO group and (94.8±5.8)points in DPO group, better than (84.3±13.2)points in HPO group ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between DPO and LPO groups ( P>0.05). CCD was increased(1 patient in HPO group, 5 in LPO group, 3 in DPO group), but there was no significantdifference between groups( P>0.05). No infection or implant breakage occurred in each group. One patient had nonunion in HPO group, 1 had malunion at trapezoid ligament bony end in LPO group and all had bone union in DPO group, showing no significant difference between groups ( P>0.05). Two patients had acromial bone corrosion and 1 had distal clavicle osteolysisin in HPO group, but not in LPO and DPO groups ( P<0.05). Three patients had hardware related symptoms in HPO group, 6 in LPO group, and none in DPO group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Orthogonal low profile DPO can be a good choice for the treatment of distal clavicle Neer type IIB fractures, for it has advantages of good functional outcomes, lower complications and less hardware related symptoms.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 845-854, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802649

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the revision strategy of the malunited tibial plateau fracture and to analysis the main points of four common revision operations and the clinical effect.@*Methods@#From January 2012 to December 2016, 18 patients (5 males and 13 females) aged 35-60 years (average 49.7 years) underwent tibial plateau revision surgery in our hospital were collected. The time from the second revision operation to the first operation was 2-24 months (average 10.4 months). Our revision strategies were as follows: Firstly, to determine whether there is an infection or not. If there was infection, we changed the original internal fixation to external fixator to control infection. Secondly, todetermine whether the patient could suffer re-reduction and internal fixation. If the patient was older (>65 years old) or with severe local bone defect, total knee arthroplasty should be performed. Thirdly, patients were divided into four operation modes according to the tibial plateau fracture malunion type: 1. the original fracture line osteotomy; 2. the tibial tubercle + original fracture line osteotomy; 3. tibial metaphyseal window-rod reduction; 4. the osteotomy of fibula head and original fracture line osteotomy.@*Results@#All patients were followed up for 12-30 months (average 16.8 months), and the operation time was 120-300 min (average 185 min). 2 cases were infected before operation and the original internal fixation were removed to instead of external fixator;1 patient underwent total knee arthroplasty; 3 cases were treated with metaphyseal open window-rod reduction and internal fixation; 6 cases were operated with the original fracture line osteotomy and internal fixation; 4 cases were treated with tibial tubercle osteotomy+original fracture line osteotomy and internal fixation; 2 patients underwent fibular head osteotomy+ original fracture line osteotomy and internal fixation. All patients achieved bony union at the last follow-up. The healing time was 3-6 months (mean 3.6 months). The postoperative knee Rasmussen score was 19-29 (average 22.9), compared with average 14.4 points before operation (t=-10.169, P=0.001). The postoperative range of motion of knee joint was 60-110 degrees (mean 94.5 degrees), compared with average 55 degrees before operation (t=-5.773, P=0.001). The post-operative VAS pain score was average 1.1 points, compared with average 4.2 points before operation (t=8.960, P=0.001). Fracture reduction was excellent in 12 cases and good in 5 cases, with the excellent and good rate of 100%. 3 patients still had 2mm collapse on the articular surface, while 3 patients still had mild valgus (less than 5 degrees). There were 2 cases of superficial infection of the wound surface after operation.@*Conclusion@#It was difficult to revise the malunion of tibial plateau fracture and it was necessary to make a detailed operation plan before the operation. Satisfactory clinical effects could be obtained for the patients by correct revision strategy. The key to success was the proper revision strategy which was adopted according to the different characteristics of the tibial plateau fracture malunion of the patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 727-736, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800544

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effect of posterior deformity correction combined with anterior lesion re-moval and bone graft in the treatment of non-curable severe tuberculous thoracolumbar kyphosis.@*Methods@#All of 27 patients with non-curable severe tuberculous thoracolumbar kyphosis treated by posterior deformity correction combined with primary or secondary anterior debridement and bone grafting from January 2013 to July 2017 were retrospective analyzed, including 10 males and 17 females. The age ranged from 2 to 38 years with an average of 17.3±9.9 years. Posterior column osteotomy, spinal cord de-compression, cantilever bar pressing technique and intraoperative longitudinal traction were used to correct kyphosis. According to clinical symptoms, Cobb angle correction rate of kyphosis deformity, sagittal SVA of spine, height difference before and after opera-tion, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, complications, and the effect of the operation was evaluated. Symptoms and functional evaluation indicators included visual analogue scale (VAS), American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) spinal cord inju-ry classification, Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), and Kirkaldy-Willis functional score. Laboratory tests included erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Eck fusion grading standard was used to evaluate the degree of bone graft fusion.@*Results@#All the 27 patients successfully underwent the operation. The operation time was 210-530 minutes, with an aver-age of 343.0±71.5 minutes, while the bleeding volume was 300-2 600 ml, with an average of 1 168.5±606.7 ml. The preoperative Cobb angle ranged from 81 to 144 degrees, with an average of 105.2±17.7 degrees; the postoperative Cobb angle ranged from 5 to 47 degrees, with an average of 28.2±0.3 degrees, and the average correction rate was 72.9%±9.8%; the preoperative sagittal SVA ranged from 96.66 mm to 78.76 mm, with an average of 40.5±20.4 mm; and the postoperative sagittal SVA ranged from 33.61 mm to 44.96 mm, with an average of 26.6±12.6 mm. The height difference before and after operation was 26.8-172.7 mm, with an aver-age of 67.5±37.8 mm. The follow-up period ranged from 12 to 36 months, with an average of 19.3±6.7 months. At the last follow-up, the loss of Cobb angle ranged from 1 degree to 8 degree, with an average of 4.3°±1.8° degree. The postoperative nutritional sta-tus of all patients was significantly improved. At 3 months after operation, the average VAS score was 1.1±0.6 and the improve-ment rate was 47.5%. The difference was statistically significant (t=6.31, P<0.05). At 3 months after operation, the average ODI was 6.5%±4.1%, and the improvement rate was 68.1%. The difference was statistically significant (t=8.41, P<0.05). At the last fol-low-up, all the patients were improved to grade E in ASIA except one patient from grade B to grade D, and one stayed at grade E. Kirkaldy-willis functional score: excellent in 24 cases, good in 2 cases, and good in 1 case, with a total good/good rate of 88.9%. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in 3 patients after surgery, and pleural effusion occurred in 4 patients after surgery. No recur-rence of tuberculosis, loosening of internal fixation, fracture or loss of obvious correction were found during the follow-up. Accord-ing to the Eck fusion classification standard, at the time of the last follow-up bone graft area of all 27 cases reached I level fusion.@*Conclusion@#For non-curable severe tuberculous thoracolumbar kyphosis with multi-segment vertebral body loss, good deformity correction and proper recovery of vertebral height can be achieved by posterior osteotomy combined with cantilever beam tech-nique and intraoperative longitudinal traction. The combination of anterior debridement and bone graft fusion is a safe and reliable method.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 748-754, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797671

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the changes and significance of local brain activity in different motor subtypes of Parkinson disease(PD) using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) based on regional homogeneity (ReHo) analysis.@*Methods@#A total of 84 PD patients and age-and gender-matched 29 healthy controls undergoing rs-fMRI were included. PD patients were divided into two groups of tremor dominant(TD) (n=45) and postural instability gait difficulty(PIGD) (n=39) according to the Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores. Data processing assistant for resting-state fMRI (DPARSF) and resting-state fMRI data analysis Toolkit (REST) V1.8 based on MATLAB were used to calculate the ReHo which measured brain activity in different motor subtypes of PD. Analysis of covariance and post-hoc t-tests were performed to detect the differences of local brain activity among the three groups.Correlation analyses were performed between ReHo values of the regions showing group differences and TD and PIGD scores respectively.@*Results@#Compared to healthy controls, the TD group exhibited increased ReHo in the right superior and middle frontal gyrus, left cerebellum(13 to 21 voxels, P<0.05), while decreased ReHo in the left temporal lobule, left putamen, left paracentral lobule, and bilateral thalamus (12 to 91 voxels, P<0.05). The PIGD group showed increased ReHo in the right superior frontal gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus and anterior cingulate gyrus (ACC) (55 to 92 voxels, P<0.05), while decreased ReHo in the left putamen, left pallidum, left temporal lobule, right occipital lobule, bilateral thalamus, bilateral middle cingulate gyrus, bilateral supplementary motor area (SMA) (15 to 78 voxels, P<0.05). Compared with PIGD, the TD group showed increased ReHo in the left temporal lobule, left cerebellum, bilateral middle cingulate gyrus (19 to 51 voxels, P<0.05), whereas decreased ReHo in the left paracentral lobule, bilateral cuneus, right superior frontal gyrus, and right ACC (14 to 68 voxels, P<0.05). Additionally, ReHo in the left thalamus and left putamen negatively correlated with TD scores (r=-0.355 and -0.498, both P<0.05). ReHo in the left thalamus and right thalamus negatively correlated with PIGD scores (r=-0.478 and -0.397, both P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The changes of brain activity in TD are located in the cerebello-thalamo-cortical (CTC) circuit and the striatal-thalamo-cortical (STC) loop while the changes in PIGD are largely located in the STC loop and visual network cortex. This specific pattern of intrinsic activity in TD and PIGD may provide insights into the neurophysiological mechanisms of PD with different motor subtypes.

13.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1668-1671, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789925

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of the Star-VIBE sequence in esophageal MRI,and compare it with the conventional VIBE sequence.Methods Fifteen healthy volunteers underwent Star-VIBE and VIBE sequences scanning after injecting MRI contrast agent.Two groups of MR images were independently scored in the ability to display esophageal wall,respiratory motion artifacts,cardiovascular pulsation artifacts,overall motion artifacts and overall image quality by the two radiologists,respectively.SNR of esophagus,CNR between esophagus and paravertebral muscles were measured and compared.Results Star-VIBE was superior to VIBE in the ability to display esophageal wall,respiratory motion artifacts,cardiovascular pulsation artifacts,overall motion artifacts and overall image quality (the ability to display esophageal wall:Z=-3.268,P=0.001;respiratory motion artifacts:Z=-3.205,P=0.001;cardiovascular pulsation artifacts:Z=-4.644, P=0.000;overall motion artifacts:Z=-3.904,P=0.000;overall image quality:Z=-2.808,P=0.005),while no significant differences were found on SNR and CNR between the two sequences (SNR:t=-1.5 3 9 ,P=0.1 3 5 ;CNR:t=-0.874,P=0.3 89 ).Conclusion The Star-VIBE sequence is insensitive to the physiological motion artifacts,and it can provide better image quality than the conventional VIBE sequence in esophageal MRI.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 606-610, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755496

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical outcome of definitive perineal urethrostomy for the treatment of complex adult anterior urethral strictures.Methods From June 2012 to February 2018,28 patients who underwent the definitive perineal urethrostomy for a complex anterior urethral stricture were retrospectively reviewed.The mean age of the patients was 62.3 (range 34 to 77) years and stricture etiology was lichen sclerosus in 46.4% (13/28) of the cases,iatrogenic stricture after transurethral resection of the prostate in 35.7% (10/28),failed hypospadias repair in 10.7% (3/28),infection 3.6% (1/28)and idiopathic etiology 3.6% (1/28).The mean stricture length was 9.6 (range 4.5 to 16.0) cm and the stricture length <5 cm in 7.1% (2/28) of the cases,5-10 cm in 35.7% (10/28) and > 10 cm in 57.1% (16/28).0f28 patients 21 (75%) underwent prior urethral dilation,4 (14.3%) underwent direct vision internal urethrotomy (DVIU) and 17 (60.7%) underwent urethroplasty.Among the medical history of interest,hypertension was observed in 17 patients (60.7%),chronic ischemic heart disease in 11 patients (39.3%),diabetes mellitus in 9 patients (32.1%) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in 9 patients (32.1%).All patients completed the perineal urethrostomy with inverted U-shaped perineal skin flap.The patient was placed in a normal lithotomy position and an inverted U-shaped perineal incision was made.We can get an inverted U-shaped perineal skin flap after dissecting along the bulbospongiosus muscle.The bulbar urethra was opened along the ventral surface and the margins of the spongiosum tissue were closed with perineal skin flap.We analyzed the clinical characteristics of the patients,the outcome of the technique and investigated the satisfaction rates of the patients by outpatient follow-up or telephone interview.Surgical success was defined as functional voiding without the need for further procedures.Results The perioperative complications included 3 cases of urinary tract infection,1 case of bleeding and 1 case of wound dehiscence.Mean follow-up length was 27.2 (range 6.0 to 64.0)months.Of 28 cases 26 (92.9%) were successful and the mean maximum urinary flow rate was 26.5 (range 17.0 to 40.0) ml/s.Postoperatively,2 cases of urethrostomy strictures were found in 2 months and 4 months,respectively.They required periodic outpatient dilation and the younger one was in the waiting list for revision of the perineostomy and the older one refused the revision.Of 28 patients 24 (85.7%) were satisfied with the results obtained with surgery,15 were very satisfied,9 cases satisfied and 4 cases dissatisfied.Conclusions The successful rate of the definitive perineal urethrostomy for the complex adult anterior urethral strictures was high and patients were satisfied with the outcome of the surgery.The definitive perineal urthrostomy is a well-tolerated treatment option for patients with complex anterior urethral strictures,especially for those aged and with extensive comorbidities.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 845-854, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755227

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the revision strategy of the malunited tibial plateau fracture and to analysis the main points of four common revision operations and the clinical effect. Methods From January 2012 to December 2016, 18 patients (5 males and 13 females) aged 35-60 years (average 49.7 years) underwent tibial plateau revision surgery in our hospital were col?lected. The time from the second revision operation to the first operation was 2-24 months (average 10.4 months). Our revision strategies were as follows: Firstly, to determine whether there is an infection or not. If there was infection, we changed the original internal fixation to external fixator to control infection. Secondly, todetermine whether the patient could suffer re-reduction and in?ternal fixation. If the patient was older (>65 years old) or with severe local bone defect, total knee arthroplasty should be per?formed. Thirdly, patients were divided into four operation modes according to the tibial plateau fracture malunion type: 1. the origi?nal fracture line osteotomy; 2. the tibial tubercle+original fracture line osteotomy; 3. tibial metaphyseal window-rod reduction; 4. the osteotomy of fibula head and original fracture line osteotomy. Results All patients were followed up for 12-30 months (aver?age 16.8 months), and the operation time was 120-300 min (average 185 min). 2 cases were infected before operation and the origi?nal internal fixation were removed to instead of external fixator;1 patient underwent total knee arthroplasty; 3 cases were treated with metaphyseal open window-rod reduction and internal fixation; 6 cases were operated with the original fracture line osteotomy and internal fixation; 4 cases were treated with tibial tubercle osteotomy+original fracture line osteotomy and internal fixation; 2 pa?tients underwent fibular head osteotomy+original fracture line osteotomy and internal fixation. All patients achieved bony union at the last follow?up. The healing time was 3-6 months (mean 3.6 months). The postoperative knee Rasmussen score was 19-29 (aver?age 22.9), compared with average 14.4 points before operation (t=-10.169, P=0.001). The postoperative range of motion of knee joint was 60-110 degrees (mean 94.5 degrees), compared with average 55 degrees before operation (t=-5.773, P=0.001). The post?operative VAS pain score was average 1.1 points, compared with average 4.2 points before operation (t=8.960, P=0.001). Fracture reduction was excellent in 12 cases and good in 5 cases, with the excellent and good rate of 100%. 3 patients still had 2mm col?lapse on the articular surface, while 3 patients still had mild valgus (less than 5 degrees). There were 2 cases of superficial infec?tion of the wound surface after operation. Conclusion It was difficult to revise the malunion of tibial plateau fracture and it was necessary to make a detailed operation plan before the operation. Satisfactory clinical effects could be obtained for the patients by correct revision strategy. The key to success was the proper revision strategy which was adopted according to the different charac?teristics of the tibial plateau fracture malunion of the patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 727-736, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755212

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of posterior deformity correction combined with anterior lesion re?moval and bone graft in the treatment of non?curable severe tuberculous thoracolumbar kyphosis. Methods All of 27 patients with non?curable severe tuberculous thoracolumbar kyphosis treated by posterior deformity correction combined with primary or secondary anterior debridement and bone grafting from January 2013 to July 2017 were retrospective analyzed, including 10 males and 17 females. The age ranged from 2 to 38 years with an average of 17.3±9.9 years. Posterior column osteotomy, spinal cord de?compression, cantilever bar pressing technique and intraoperative longitudinal traction were used to correct kyphosis. According to clinical symptoms, Cobb angle correction rate of kyphosis deformity, sagittal SVA of spine, height difference before and after opera?tion, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, complications, and the effect of the operation was evaluated. Symptoms and functional evaluation indicators included visual analogue scale (VAS), American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) spinal cord inju?ry classification, Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), and Kirkaldy?Willis functional score. Laboratory tests included erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C?reactive protein (CRP). Eck fusion grading standard was used to evaluate the degree of bone graft fusion. Results All the 27 patients successfully underwent the operation. The operation time was 210-530 minutes, with an aver?age of 343.0±71.5 minutes, while the bleeding volume was 300-2 600 ml, with an average of 1 168.5±606.7 ml. The preoperative Cobb angle ranged from 81 to 144 degrees, with an average of 105.2±17.7 degrees; the postoperative Cobb angle ranged from 5 to 47 degrees, with an average of 28.2±0.3 degrees, and the average correction rate was 72.9%±9.8%; the preoperative sagittal SVA ranged from 96.66 mm to 78.76 mm, with an average of 40.5±20.4 mm; and the postoperative sagittal SVA ranged from 33.61 mm to 44.96 mm, with an average of 26.6±12.6 mm. The height difference before and after operation was 26.8-172.7 mm, with an aver?age of 67.5±37.8 mm. The follow?up period ranged from 12 to 36 months, with an average of 19.3±6.7 months. At the last follow?up, the loss of Cobb angle ranged from 1 degree to 8 degree, with an average of 4.3°±1.8°degree. The postoperative nutritional sta?tus of all patients was significantly improved. At 3 months after operation, the average VAS score was 1.1±0.6 and the improve?ment rate was 47.5%. The difference was statistically significant (t=6.31, P<0.05). At 3 months after operation, the average ODI was 6.5%±4.1%, and the improvement rate was 68.1%. The difference was statistically significant (t=8.41, P<0.05). At the last fol?low?up, all the patients were improved to grade E in ASIA except one patient from grade B to grade D, and one stayed at grade E. Kirkaldy?willis functional score: excellent in 24 cases, good in 2 cases, and good in 1 case, with a total good/good rate of 88.9%. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in 3 patients after surgery, and pleural effusion occurred in 4 patients after surgery. No recur?rence of tuberculosis, loosening of internal fixation, fracture or loss of obvious correction were found during the follow?up. Accord?ing to the Eck fusion classification standard, at the time of the last follow?up bone graft area of all 27 cases reached I level fusion. Conclusion For non?curable severe tuberculous thoracolumbar kyphosis with multi?segment vertebral body loss, good deformity correction and proper recovery of vertebral height can be achieved by posterior osteotomy combined with cantilever beam tech?nique and intraoperative longitudinal traction. The combination of anterior debridement and bone graft fusion is a safe and reliable method.

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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 748-754, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754977

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes and significance of local brain activity in different motor subtypes of Parkinson disease(PD) using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) based on regional homogeneity (ReHo) analysis. Methods A total of 84 PD patients and age-and gender-matched 29 healthy controls undergoing rs-fMRI were included. PD patients were divided into two groups of tremor dominant (TD) (n=45) and postural instability gait difficulty(PIGD) (n=39) according to the Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores. Data processing assistant for resting-state fMRI (DPARSF) and resting-state fMRI data analysis Toolkit (REST) V1.8 based on MATLAB were used to calculate the ReHo which measured brain activity in different motor subtypes of PD. Analysis of covariance and post-hoc t-tests were performed to detect the differences of local brain activity among the three groups.Correlation analyses were performed between ReHo values of the regions showing group differences and TD and PIGD scores respectively. Results Compared to healthy controls, the TD group exhibited increased ReHo in the right superior and middle frontal gyrus, left cerebellum(13 to 21 voxels, P<0.05), while decreased ReHo in the left temporal lobule, left putamen, left paracentral lobule, and bilateral thalamus (12 to 91 voxels, P<0.05). The PIGD group showed increased ReHo in the right superior frontal gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus and anterior cingulate gyrus (ACC) (55 to 92 voxels, P<0.05), while decreased ReHo in the left putamen, left pallidum, left temporal lobule, right occipital lobule, bilateral thalamus, bilateral middle cingulate gyrus, bilateral supplementary motor area (SMA) (15 to 78 voxels, P<0.05). Compared with PIGD, the TD group showed increased ReHo in the left temporal lobule, left cerebellum, bilateral middle cingulate gyrus (19 to 51 voxels, P<0.05), whereas decreased ReHo in the left paracentral lobule, bilateral cuneus, right superior frontal gyrus, and right ACC (14 to 68 voxels, P<0.05). Additionally, ReHo in the left thalamus and left putamen negatively correlated with TD scores (r=-0.355 and -0.498, both P<0.05). ReHo in the left thalamus and right thalamus negatively correlated with PIGD scores (r=-0.478 and-0.397, both P<0.05). Conclusions The changes of brain activity in TD are located in the cerebello-thalamo-cortical (CTC) circuit and the striatal-thalamo-cortical (STC) loop while the changes in PIGD are largely located in the STC loop and visual network cortex. This specific pattern of intrinsic activity in TD and PIGD may provide insights into the neurophysiological mechanisms of PD with different motor subtypes.

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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 631-637, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754692

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of minimally invasive reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament with adjustable locking TightRope on treating Rockwood type Ⅲ acromioclavicular joint dislocation.Methods A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 62 patients with Rockwood type Ⅲ acromioclavicular dislocation admitted to the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Wuxi from January 2015 to January 2018.There were 34 males and 28 females,aged 18-71 years,with an average age of 43.7 years.Among the patients,32 were treated with minimally invasive reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament with adjustable locking TightRope (TightRope group),and 30 with conventional double Endobutton technique (Endobutton group).The operation incision size,operation time,intraoperative blood loss,Constant-Murley score of shoulder joint function and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.Results All patients were followed up for 6-14 months,with an average of 10.4 months.Compared with Endobutton group,TightRope group had smaller incision size [(1.6 ± 0.9) cm vs.(7.7 ± 2.6) cm],shorter operation time [(45.7 ± 21.1) minutes vs.(58.3 ± 16.7) minutes],and less bleeding during operation [(12.2 ±7.3) ml vs.(76.6 ± 12.2) ml],and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The Constant-Murley scores of the two groups were significantly improved after operation (P <0.05),and there was no significant difference between the two groups in the Constant-Murley score 6 months after operation (P > 0.05).In the Endobutton group,two patients had partial reduction loss of acromioclavicular joint caused by loosening of internal fixation,which was not dealt with because of no symptom,and one patient had coracoid fracture 1 month after operation which was treated with clavicular hook plate fixation.There was no related complication in the TightRope group.Conclusion For Rockwood type Ⅲ acromioclavicular joint dislocation,minimally invasive reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament with adjustable locking TightRope shows the advantages of small incision,short operation time,and less bleeding,which is worthy of clinical application.

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Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 693-698, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752418

ABSTRACT

Objective ToinvestigatethepatternsofbrainactivityabnormalitiesinpatientswithParkinson’sdisease(PD)with freezingofgait(FOG),andtoexploretheneuropathologicalmechanismofFOG.Methods Resting-statefunctionalMRI(rs-fMRI) scanswereobtainedfrom31PDpatientsand16healthycontrols(HCs).Accordingtothefreezingofgaitquestionnaire(FOG-Q),31 PDpatientsweredividedinto15PDFOG(+)and16PDFOG(-).ANCOVAandPost-Hocttestwereperformedtoassessinter groupdifferenceofbrainactivityabnormalitybasedonregionalhomogeneity.Results ComparedtoHCs,PDFOG(+)showeddecreased ReHointheleftinferiortemporalgyrus,rightlingual,bilateralfusiform,rightoccipitalgyrus,rightcalcarine,andrightcerebellum, whileincreasedReHointherightmiddlefrontalgyrus,rightsuperiorfrontalgyrus,rightprecentralgyrus,andrightsupplementary motorarea(SMA).ComparedtoPDFOG(-),PDFOG(+)exhibitedincreasedReHointherightprecentralgyrus,rightmiddle frontalgyrus,rightinferiorfrontalgyrus,andrightSMA,whiledecreasedReHoinleftfusiform.Conclusion Thisstudysuggests thatFOGinPDisassociatedwithabnormalitiesincerebellum,frontallobeandvisualnetwork,whichishelpfultounderstandthe neuralmechanismsunderlyingFOGinPD.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745991

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of cognitive dysfunction in postpartum women who underwent epidural or non-drug labor analgesia and the influence factors.Methods A prospective cohort study was performed in 1 618 uneventful singleton pregnancies in International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital from January 2017 to January 2018.Women who received epidural labor analgesia were assigned to the epidural group (n=803),and those who received Doula technique non-drug labor analgesia rather than labor analgesia to the control group (n=815).Cognitive function was assessed using symbol digit modalities test (SDMT90) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) 1 d and 42 d after delivery.Incidence of maternal cognitive dysfunction,SDMT90 scores and pain intensity measured by visual analogue score (VAS) at the cervical dilatation of 3,6 and 10 cm between the two groups were compared using independent sample t-test,Chi-square test or logistic regression analysis.Results MoCA and SDMT90 scores of the epidural group were significantly higher than those of the control group 1 d after delivery (27.1 ± 1.5 vs 26.2± 1.8,49.1 ±2.4 vs 42.5 ± 3.6;t=3.775 and 16.956,both P<0.05),but the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in the epidural group was remarkably lower comparing to the control group [13.9% (112/803) vs 21.2% (173/815),x2=14.769,P=0.002].The VAS scores of the epidural group at the cervical dilatation of 3,6 and 10 cm were all lower than those of the control group (2.3 ± 0.6 vs 6.9± 1.3,3.3 ± 0.9 vs 8.7± 0.9,5.7± 0.9 vs 9.7± 0.4;t=0.013,0.011 and 0.015;all P<0.001).Logistic regression analysis indicated that VAS scores ≤ 3 at the cervical dilatation of 3,6 and 10 cm were protective factors against the incidence ofPOCD 1 d after delivery [OR(95%CI):0.238 (0.198-0.287),0.180 (0.145-0.222) and 0.112 (0.088-0.142),all P<0.001],while the absence of epidural labor analgesia was a risk factor (OR=4.698,95%CI:1.812-11.321,P<0.001).Conclusions Epidural labor analgesia can reduce the incidence of postpartum cognitive dysfunction in women 1 d after delivery.The incidence of POCD has close relationship with the VAS scores at the cervical dilatation of 3,6 and 10 cm and epidural labor analgesia.

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