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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920836

ABSTRACT

@#A 54-year-old asymptomatic man underwent a video-assisted thoracoscopic left pneumonectomy for squamous-cell carcinoma. During the surgery, a complete left pericardial defect was unexpectedly discovered, but no special intervention was made. The preoperative chest CT was reciewed, which showed the heart extended unusually to the left, but the left pericardial defect was not evident. The operation time was 204 min and the patient was discharged from hospital upon recovery 9 days after the surgery. The pathological result indicated moderately differentiated squamous-cell carcinoma (T2N1M0, stage ⅡB), and metastasis was found in the parabronchial lymph nodes (3/5). The patient did not receive chemotherapy after the surgery, and there was no signs of recurrence 6 months after the surgery. Complete pericardial defects usually do not endanger the lives of patients, and if the patient is asymptomatic, pneumonectomy is feasible.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885803

ABSTRACT

China is one of the countries with the highest incidence of esophageal cancer, which is still increasing year by year in recent years. Surgical treatment is the first choice for early and middle esophageal cancer. Surgeons have been exploring how to remove the tumor as completely as possible and reduce the trauma as far as possible. In recent years, with the rapid development of minimally invasive surgery and endoscopic technology, minimally invasive esophagectomy(MIE)has led the trend of radical surgery for esophageal cancer. At present, the mainstream minimally invasive surgery is thoracoscopic thoracoscopic(VATS)resection of esophageal cancer, which requires thoracotomy and anesthesia, resulting in large surgical trauma and more complications of postoperative circulatory respiratory system. Mediastinose-assisted esophagectomy(MAE), which eliminates a thoracotomy, is also an important part of MIE. Overseas MAE application started early, but the domestic development is relatively slow. This article summarizes the experience of different MAE surgical methods in China, and provides the basis for its promotion in China.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871604

ABSTRACT

Objective:This article explores the treatment of stage I thoracoscopic segmentectomy and lobectomy. The clinical efficacy of non-small cell lung cancer is to provide relevant evidence for clinical decision-making.Method:Computer searches were conducted on PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, Science Direct, Ovid Medline, Scopus database, and Google Scholar. The search time was from the establishment of the library to March 2019. A comparative study of thoracic segmental resection and lobectomy for clinical stage I NSCLC was performed and meta-analysis was performed using Revman 5.3 software.Restlus:A total of 16 retrospective clinical controlled studies were included in the study, with a total of 2 090 patients, including 696 in the thoracoscopic segmental resection group and 1 394 in the thoracoscopic lobectomy group. Meta-analysis showed that for clinical stage Ⅰ NSCLC, the incidence of complications after laparoscopic resection and lobectomy( RR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.59-1.02, P=0.07), postoperative recurrence rate( RR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.52-1.17, P=0.23), postoperative hospital stay( MD=-0.27, 95% CI: -0.58 to -0.05, P=0.10) and 5-year survival rate( RR=0.94, 95% CI: 0.87-1.03, P=0.17), tumor-free survival time( RR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.92-1.09, P=0.34), operation time( MD=-0.43, 95% CI: -10.10-9.25, P=0.93) The difference was not statistically significant, but laparoscopic lung segmentectomy can reduce intraoperative blood loss( MD=-23.81, 95% CI: -42.00 to -5.63, P=0.01), shortening Posterior chest tube drainage time( MD=-0.31, 95% CI: -0.51 to -0.12, P=0.002), but in the lymph node dissection, the segmentectomy was less than the lobectomy, the number of lymph node dissection( MD=-4.89, 95% CI: -7.57 to -2.20, P=0.0004). Percentage of postoperative/preoperative FVC%( MD=7.50, 95% CI: 5.81-9.18, P<0.00001) and 1-year postoperative/preoperative FEV1%( MD=8.26, 95% CI: 6.43-10.09, P<0.00001). The difference was statistically significant. Conclusion:In The course of clinical stage I NSCLC treatment, the two procedures were similar in terms of postoperative complications, operation time, recurrence rate, 5-year survival rate, tumor-free survival time and hospital stay, and fewer lung segments in lymph node dissection. In lobectomy, thoracoscopic segmental resection is better in terms of intraoperative blood loss and postoperative chest drainage time. Thoracoscopic segmentectomy may be more suitable for early stage non-small cell lung cancer. treatment method.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703163

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of aripiprazole on clinical symptoms and neurotrophic factor levels in patients with schizophrenia. Methods Forty patients with schizophrenia and 40 normal controls were included in the study. The clinical symptoms of patients receiving aripiprazole only for 12 weeks were evaluated by using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Stroop Color-Word Test (SCWT), Continuous Performance Test, Digit-Symbol Coding Test and Trail Making Test-A were used to evaluate the cognitive function both in patients and controls. Serum levels of Nerve Growth Factor (NGF), Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) and Neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) were measured using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Results The clinical scores, cognitive function and levels of neurotrophic factors were different before and after treatment (P<0.01). And those were significantly lower in patients than in control group (P<0.05). Before treatment, BDNF was negatively correlated with PANSS negative symptom score (r=-0.362, P=0.022);NGF was related to the total score of PANSS (r=0.332, P=0.037) and positive symptoms (r=0.401, P=0.010); NT-3 was associated with negative symptom scores (r=-0.376, P=0.017) and SCWT-color words (r=0.332, P=0.037) in patient group. After treatment, the increase in BDNF was correlated with the reduction in PANSS total score (r=0.371, P=0.018), negative symptom score (r=0.345, P=0.029) and general pathology score (r=0.342, P=0.031). There was a correlation of the increase of NGF with the decrease of PANSS total scores (r=0.437, P=0.005) and with positive symptom scores (r=0.357, P=0.024). Conclusion Treatment with Aripiprazole can improve the clinical symptoms and cognitive functiona impairments in patients with schizophrenia, which may be related to the increase in serum levels of BDNF, NGF and NT-3.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671154

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the change of serum insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2) and its relationship with clinical characteristics in patients with schizophrenia. Methods Fifty-one schizophrenic patients were recruited in the present study and 50 healthy volunteers served as controls. The serum IGF-2 level was measured using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) was used to evaluate the psychotic symp?toms of patients. Trail Making Test-A (TMTA), Digit-Symbol Coding Test (DSCT), Continuous Performance Test (CPT) and Stroop Color-Word Test (SCWT) were used to evaluate the cognitive function of both groups. Results There were sig?nificant differences in the results of TMTA, DSCT, CPT and SCWT between patient and control groups. The serum levels of IGF-2 were significantly lower in patients than that in controls [(202.7±40.7) ng/mL vs. (365.9±65.5) ng/mL, P0.05). Furthermore, significant correlations were found between the serum IGF-2 level and the negative symptom sub?scale of PANSS (r=-0.397, P=0.004), CPT score (r=0.378, P=0.006), SCWT-word number (r=0.289, P=0.040), SC? WT-color number (r=0.327, P=0.019) and SCWT-word/color number (r=0.386, P=0.005) in schizophrenic patients. Con?clusion The serum IGF-2 levels of patients with schizophrenia are significantly lower than that of healthy controls, and the IGF-2 level is associated with the severity of negative symptoms and cognitive impairments in patients, indicating that serum IGF-2 might be an indicator of the severity of schizophrenia.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1607-1608,1612, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603493

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore clinical value of the single-hale video-assisted thoracoscope surgery in lung surgery.Methods In our hospital from January 2015 to June 2015, a total of 60 patients was performed with lung partial resection line thoracoscope surgery, 28 routine puckering traditional video-assisted thoracoscope treatment, in the same period 32 underwent video-assisted thoracoscope surgery.Intraoperative blood loss, operating time, postoperative pain degree, and postoperative chest such as flow rate were compared between two groups.Results Two groups of patients had no perioperative death and severe complications.Intraoperative blood loss and operating time were no significant significance between single-and double-hole operation groups.The degree of postoperative pain score was (0.8 ± 0.5) in puckering thoracoscope group, and (1.2 ± 0.6) in traditional thoracoscope group, with significant difference (P =0.009).Conclusions Single-hole thoracoscope surgery in the treatment of lung diseases is feasible and reliable compared to traditional thoracoscope surgery, and patients can effectively reduce postoperative pain, and improve the quality of life.

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