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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1181-1186, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732869

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the quality standard of Qingre-Chushi granules, including TLC identification of main components and ultra performance liquid chromatography determination of main components, so as to lay a foundation for further development of new drugs. Methods Seven constituents, including Gentianae Radix et Razoma, Scutellaria Radix, Plantaginis Herba, Rehmanniae Radix, Imperarae Rhizoma, Poria and Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizoma, were determined by TLC. The content of gentiopicroside and Baicalin in Gentiana officinalis and Scutellaria baicalensis was determined by UPLC on Acquity UPLC HSS T3C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile-0.01% formic acid water as mobile phase and gradient elution. Results TLC was highly specific and could effectively identify Gentian, Scutellaria baicalensis, Plantain, Rehmannia glutinosa, Rhizoma cocos, and licorice. The results of UPLC assay showed that there was a good linear relationship between gentiopicroside and Baicalin in the range of 0.014-0.028 μg and 0.015-0.449 μg, and the recovery of the three concentrations were all up to standard. Conclusions TLC can be used to identify the seven components of Qingre-Chushi granules, and UPLC can be used to determine the contents of three indicators, which can control the quality of Qingre-Chushi granules.

3.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 13-16, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488060

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the curative effect and safety of operation combined with recombinant human erythropoietin on patients with severe intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods Seventy-six surgery patients with severe intracerebral hemorrhage were divided into rHu-EPO group (40 cases) and control group (36 cases) by random digits table method. The rHu-EPO group was injected subcutaneously with rHu-EPO, and the control group was treated with placebo. Neurologic impairment (National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, NIHSS score) and activities of daily living (Barthel index) were evaluated 1 month and 3 months after treatment respectively. Moreover, blood pressure, hemoglobin, and adverse reaction were also observed. Results The scores of NIHSS and Barthel index in two groups before treatment had no significant differences (P>0.05). One month and 3 months after treatment, the scores of NIHSS and Barthel index in rHu-EPO group were significantly better: (12.27±5.26) scores vs. (15.36±4.34) scores and (8.17±2.40) scores vs. (13.90±2.54) scores, (54.36±21.87) scores vs. (43.47±20.29) scores and (69.71±23.08) scores vs. (52.56±21.32) scores, there were statistical differences(P0.05). There were no apparente adverse reactions such as fever, erythra, itching and deep venous thrombosis in rHu-EPO group. Conclusions Operation combined with recombinant human erythropoietin has nerve protective effect, and might be an effective and safe therapy target in severe intracerebral hemorrhage.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 292-294,295, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600431

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the short-term curative effect and safety of recombinant human erythropoietin(rHu-EPO)on patients with primary brain stem injury. Methods Sixty patients with primary brain stem injury were recruited at Liaocheng People' Hospital from July 2010 to July 2013. All cases were randomly divided into EPO group and control group. The patients in EPO group were injected subcutaneous with rHu-EPO five times at dose of 6 000 U,while patients in the control group were treated with placebo in 2 weeks. All other conventional treatments were the same. NIHSS score and GOS score were evaluated in two weeks and three months respectively. Moreover,blood pressure and hemoglobin were also measured. Results NIHSS score in EPO group was 11. 37 ± 7. 78,significant higher than that of control group after two weeks(19. 41 ± 8. 26,P = 0. 019). GOS score in EPO group was also significant differences in two groups after three months (Z = - 2. 367,P = 0. 009 ). However,no significant difference was observed in the followed-up blood tests. Conclusion Recombinant human erythropoietin could be the exact nerve protective effect,and might be an effective therapy for patients with primary brain stem injury.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2861-2863, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for clinical desicion,drug use and ADR avoidance. METHODS:Clinical pharmacists participated in the consultations and therapy plan about a patient with hiatal hernia complicating with venous catheter- related infections. Clinical pharmacists suggested pulling out peripherally inserted central catheter(PICC)and placing a catheter again. Anti-infective therapy plan had been adjusted:vancomycin 0.5 g/time,ivgtt,q12 h;fluconazole 0.2 g,ivgtt,qd(0.4 g,ivgtt,qd on the first day),cefoperazone/sulbactam 2 g,ivgtt,q8h. Vancomycin and fluconazole were additionally used for anti- infective therapy. RESULTS:Doctors adopted the suggestions of clinical pharmacist,and pulled out PICC;and then the infection of the patient was controlled effectively. Finally,the infection had been cured. CONCLUSIONS:The participation of clinical pharmacists in the consultation contributes to rational drug use,and assists doctors to make the right clinical decisions and avoid adverse drug events.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 382-385, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264181

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the modern hospital and regional medical consumable reagents logistics system management.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The characteristics of regional logistics, through cooperation between medical institutions within the region, and organize a wide range of special logistics activities, to make reasonable of the regional medical consumable reagents logistics. To set the regional management system, dynamic management systems, supply chain information management system, after-sales service system and assessment system. By the research of existing medical market and medical resources, to establish the regional medical supplies reagents directory and the initial data. The emphasis is centralized dispatch of medical supplies reagents, to introduce qualified logistics company for dispatching, to improve the modern hospital management efficiency, to costs down.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Regional medical center and regional community health service centers constitute a regional logistics network, the introduction of medical consumable reagents logistics services, fully embodies integrity level, relevance, purpose, environmental adaptability of characteristics by the medical consumable reagents regional logistics distribution.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Modern logistics distribution systems can increase the area of medical consumables reagent management efficiency and reduce costs.</p>


Subject(s)
Hospital Distribution Systems , Indicators and Reagents , Quality Control
7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6409-6416, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438518

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The reported time of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s induced to differentiate into chondrocytes is different. Few studies have observed and compared the cel s’ dynamic transformation during the induction process. OBJECTIVE:To observe the dynamic differentiation and the mature time of rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s which were directional y induced to chondroblasts for 8, 11, 14, 17, 20 days. METHODS:Bone marrow was aspirated from the femur of New Zeal rabbits, and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were isolated by gradient centrifugation. After cultivation and amplification, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s at passage 3 were directional y induced to chondrocytes by the serum-free medium containing transforming growth factor beta-1. The experiments were divided into five groups according to different induction time points:8 days, 11 days, 14 days, 17 days, 20 days. Then cel ular morphology, toluidine blue staining, typeⅡ col agen immunohistochemistry, aggrecan content in induction medium, and chondrogenic differentiation in each group were observed and compared. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s had apparently transformed in morphology at 8 days of induction, and presented obvious chondrocytes’ morphology at 14 days. The aggrecan in induction medium could be detected at a low level at 4 days, significantly increased at 8 days, and maintained slow increasing at 20 days. At 14 days, the metachromatic particles could be found by toluidine blue staining, and the col agen type Ⅱimmunohistochemistry was significantly positive in cel climbing slice. Experimental findings indicate that, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s that are monolayer cultured in a high density can be induced into chondroblasts at the effect of transforming growth factor beta-1 and other factors. There are a few chondroblasts in the early induction process, then cel s begin to have chondrocytes morphology and function after induced for 8 days, and may differentiate to mature chondrocytes at 14 days. In addition, they can keep a high biological activity in the induction process.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 24-28, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419083

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the short-term efficacy and safety of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation on patients with early spinal cord injury by subarachnoid injection and by intravenous injection.MethodsNinety-six patients with early spinal cord injury were hospitalized and treated from November 2006 to March 2010.Thirty-eight cases (subarachnoid transplantation group) got transplantation by subarachnoid injection,32 cases (intravenous transplantation group) got transplantation by intravenous injection,26 cases (control group) were hospitalized in the same period but not transplanted.The motor and sensory functions of all three groups were evaluated according to the score standard developed by American Spinal Injury Association(ASIA) before treatment and at the first,the third,the sixth month after treatment.Meanwhile,routine blood test,coagulation,biochemical items and tumor markers were also examined in follow-up.ResultsThe motor and sensory function of three groups had different degree of recovery at the first month after treatment,and sensory function recovered muchsignificantly,but the comparison among three groups had no statistical significance.The scores of motor function increased in three groups at the third month after treatment,but still had no statistical significance (P> 0.05).The scores of sensory function of subarachnoid transplantation group[(130.9 ±41.6) scores] and intravenous transplantation group [ (131.2±22.7 ) scores ] increased obviously,and had significant difference compared with control group [ (109.3±36.4) scores] (P < 0.05),but there were nosignificant difference between subarachnoid transplantation group and intravenous transplantation group (P > 0.05).The scores of sensory and motor function of control group didn't increase obviously at the sixth month after treatment,while the scores of subarachnoid transplantation group and intravenous transplantation group gradually improved and had statistical significance compared with control group(P < 0.05).The scores of sensory function was higher in subarachnoid transplantation group[ (151.6±46.9) scores ] than that in intravenous ransplantation group [(134.6 ±40.7) scores] (P <0.05).There were no obvious abnormality in the results of followed-up examination.Conclusions The safety and short-term efficacy of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in treating early spinal cord injury by subarachnoid injection and intravenous injection is certified.The subarachnoid injection is better than intravenous injection,but the long-term efficacy need furter study.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1184-1187, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428163

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the short-term curative effect and safety of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in patients with primary brain stem injury.MethodsFifty-four cases with primary brain stem injury were hospitalized during Jul.2007 to Jul.2010 at Liaocheng Brain Hospital,Shandong Province.All cases were randomized into transplantation group( n =30)or control group( n =24 ).The transplantation group was treated with autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation by subarachnoid space injection (n =30).The control group were selected from primary brain stem injury patients without stem cell transplantation who were hospitalized at the same period with patients from the transplantation group.Respectively,National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was employed to evaluate the condition of patients in the two groups one month after treatment,and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) score was used to evaluate curative effects of the two groups at sixth months after treatment.Meanwhile,some other parameters were observed,including blood routine,clotting mechanisms,biochemicalitemsand tumor markers.ResultsThere was significant difference between the transplantation group and the control group in N IHSS score at one month after treatment [ ( 10.86 ± 7.48) vs.( 18.26 ± 8.74),t =2.681,P < 0.05 ].GOS score was significantly different( Z =2.306,P < 0.05 ) between the transplantation group and the control group at sixth month after transplantation.There was no significant difference between the two groups in the blood examination results during the followed-up period.Conclusion Autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation is confirmed to be an effective and safe therapy in patients with primary brain stem injury in the short-term.Further evaluation still needs for its long-term efficacy on primary brain stem injury

10.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1097-1100, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403517

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous animal studies demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells could differentiate into nerve cells under a certain condition; however, the clinical application for treating nervous system disease has been less reported. OBJECTIVE: To observe a short-term effect of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation on treating cerebral hemorrhage.METHODS: A total of 32 patients with cerebral hemorrhage who were selected from the Department of Neurosurgery, Liaocheng Brain Hospital between November 2007 and January 2009 were considered as a treatment group. According to general data and the amount of hematoma, they were treated by drilling drainage or hematoma evacuation. Drainage tubes were detained into hematoma cavity, and 3.5 mL autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell suspension was injected through drainage tube. A total of 40 additional patients who did not treated with stem cell transplantation were considered as a control group. Neurologic impairment (NIHSS) and activities of daily living (Barthel index) were performed before and 6 months after transplantation; meanwhile, the brain MRI, serum biochemical and tumor marker were evaluated to detect security of stem cell transplantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The NIHSS score and Barthel index in the treatment group were similar to those in the control group before transplantation. Compared with control group, NIHSS scores were significantly decreased in the treatment group (P < 0.01), but Barthel index was significantly increased 6 months after transplantation (P < 0.01). Compared with before transplantation, NIHSS score were significantly decreased (P < 0.01), but Barthel index was significantly increased in the treatment group 6 months after transplantation (P < 0.01). Two patients in the treatment group had febrile, which was recovered after treatment. The following-up 6 months after transplantation demonstrated that brain MRI and biochemical indicators were normal except an increasing of CA-153 caused by lung cancer in one patient. The autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation for treatment of cerebral hemorrhage is safe and effective in a short-term period; however the long-term effect still needs to be further studied.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1056-1059, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387514

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the recent efficacy and safety of autologous bone marrow stem cells transplantation in treatment of early spinal cord injury. Methods 51 cases of early spinal cord injury admitted to Liaocheng People Hospital from 2007.11 to 2009.8 were enrolled in this study. In transplantation group, 24 patients were treated by subarachnoid space injection with autologous bone marrow stem cell transplantation. The patients who were not transplanted in the same period of hospitalization were selected as control group. Motor and sensory function ( AISA score) was assessed at 1, 3, 6 months before and after transplantation in two groups patients. And blood routine, clotting mechanisms, biochemical items andtunor markers were determined in followed up. Results After one month of transplantation, two groups ofpatients had recovered in motor and sensory function to some degree. After three months of transplantation,there was significant different between transplantation group and control group in sensory function recovery (P < 0. 05 ). After 6 months of transplantation, there were significant different between transplant group and control group in motor and sensory function recovery (P<0.05). Blood examination results did not show markedly abnormal in followed -up patientsConclusion The safety and recent effect of autologous bone marrow stem cells transplantation in treatment of early spinal cord injury were satisfied, but the long - term effect was still unclear.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 157-159, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394958

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of Jostent coronary stent-graft in endovascular treatment of traumatic carotid cavernous fistula. Methods Eight patients with traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula were treated by Jostent coronary steat graft from June 2001 to May 2007. Results The stent graft was successfully implanted in the target artery in all patients. The fistula in all patients was removed and the parent arteries kept unblocked. The clinical outcome was favorable, with no operation-related complications occurred. The ang4ogram showed normal patency of the parent arteries, without recanalization of the fistula six months after the stent graft implantation in six patients. Conclusions Stent graft is a useful tool for endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous fistula in selected patients. Further research is needed to optimize the stent graft for further use in cerebrovascular system.

13.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 9-11, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394603

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm (SCVS) after craniocerebral trauma. Method The clinical data of 308 patients with craniocerehral trauma were analyzed by single factor analysis and Logistic regression analysis. Resnlts SCVS occurred in 94 patients (30.52%). The risk factors were subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), Glasgow coma scale, blood glucose, emergency operation,smoking and age. Conclusions Various factors are related to the development of SCVS after craniocerebral trauma. Prophylactic treatments should be given in early stage for the patients with risk factors.

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