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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 464-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution of different SF3B1 genotypes in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and its prognostic value.Methods:Totally, 377MDS patients who were initially diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2014 to January 2022 were included in the retrospective analysis.The patients were divided into three different groups according to mutation stcote of SF3B1, including 317 patients with SF3B1 wild type (SF3B1 WT) (214 males and 103 females, 63(49, 71) years old),39 patients with SF3B1 K700E mutation(SF3B1 K700E(17 males and 22 females, 65(52, 73)years old)) and 21 patients with SF3B1 non-K700E mutation(SF3B1 non-K700E)(13 males and 8 females, 67(63, 73) years old). MDS-related 20 gene mutations were detected using targeted sequencing technology; Survival curves were constructed by the Kaplan-Meier method; Cox proportional hazards model was established to evaluate different factors at diagnosis on survival by univariate and multivariate analyses.. Results:Compared with SF3B1 non-K700E patients, SF3B1 K700E patients had a higher median absolute neutrophil count ( P=0.002) and were likely to be in the low/int-1 International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) categories ( P=0.023). A 20-gene targeted sequencing analysis showed that, compared with SF3B1 WT patients, SF3B1 K700E patients were associated with lower frequency of ASXL1 and U2AF1 mutations ( P=0.018 and P=0.003); while compared with SF3B1 non-K700E patients, the frequency of ASXL1 mutation was significantly lower in SF3B1 K700E cases ( P=0.029). Patients with SF3B1 K700E had better overall survival (OS) in comparison with SF3B1 WT and SF3B1 non-K700E in MDS patients ( P<0.001 and P=0.045, respectively). In comparison with SF3B1 WT patients, SF3B1 MUT patients had more favorable OS and progression-free survival (PFS) in MDS without excess blasts ( P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively), but no significant difference was found in MDS with excess blasts ( P>0.05). Compared with SF3B1 WT patients, SF3B1 K700E patients had superior OS and PFS in the int-1 IPSS category ( P=0.010 and P=0.013, respectively). By multivariable analysis, the presence of SF3B1 K700Ewas an independent predictor of superior OS ( HR=0.461,95% CI 0.262-0.811, P=0.007). Conclusion:SF3B1 K700E and SF3B1 non-K700E patients had significantly improved OS in comparison with SF3B1 WT MDS patients. Furthermore, SF3B1 K700E patients were associated with a better OS compared with SF3B1 non-K700E MDS patients. SF3B1 mutation could not overcome the poor prognostic effect of excess blasts, which highlights the importance of the SF3B1 mutation subtype in risk assessment of MDS without excess blasts.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 263-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation between the mutational status of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (IGHV) gene with the prognosis of patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM).@*METHODS@#Immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IGH) clonotypic sequence analysis was carried out to assess the mutational status of IGHV in the blood and/or bone marrow samples from 44 WM patients. The usage characteristics of IGHV-IGHD-IGHJ gene was explored.@*RESULTS@#The most common IGHV subgroup was IGHV3, which was similar to the data from the Institute of Hematology of Chinese Academy of Medical Science. IGHV3-23 (20.45% vs. 15.44%) and IGHV3-74 (11.36% vs. 7.35%) were the main fragments used, which was followed by IGHV4 gene family (15.91% vs. 24.26%). However, no significant correlation was found between the IGHV4 usage and the prognosis of the patients. Should 98% be taken as the cut-off value for the IGHV mutation status, only 5 patients had no IGHV variant, and there was no correlation with the prognosis. Based on the X-tile analysis, 92.6% was re-selected as the cut-off value for the IGHV variant status in such patients. LDH was increased in 26 patients (59.1%) without IGHV variant (P < 0.05), whilst progression-free survival (P < 0.05) and overall survival (P < 0.05) were significantly shorter compared with those with IGHV variants.@*CONCLUSION@#The usage characteristics of IGHV-IGHD-IGHJ in our patients was similar to reported by the Institute of Hematology of Chinese Academy of Medical Science, albeit that no correlation was found between the IGHV4 usage and the prognosis of the patients. Furthermore, 98% may not be appropriate for distinguishing the IGHV variant status in WM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/genetics , Multigene Family , Mutation , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 691-693, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995464

ABSTRACT

This article reports a case, happened in July 2019, of 9 severed segments of 2nd-5th fingers in left hand treated in the Department of Repair and Microsurgery, Zhengzhou Renji Hospital. Through the unified management before surgery, team surgery, three or four fixed-point mattress eversion suture and close observation after surgery. It can effectively prevent the occurrence of vascular compromise. All the replanted fingers survived after the surgery. And the function of the fingers recovered well at 2 years after surgery through early and continuous rehabilitation exercise.

4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 409-411, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933462

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of eltrombopag plus cyclosporine A (CsA) in transfusion-dependent non-severe aplastic anemia(TD-NSAA). The clinical characteristics of 13 TD-NSAA patients who received initial treatment of eltrombopag plus CsA from 2019 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The 3-month overall hematological response (OR) rate was 12/13. Until the end of follow-up, 12 patients responded, among whom 2 patients reached complete response (CR) and 9 patients reached partial response (PR) and 1 with HR. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) developed in one patient at 6 months after treatment. Five of thirteen patients reported mild adverse reactions, which were all manageable. Compared with historical data, the combination of eltrombopag with CsA is an effective regimen in patients with TD-NSAA.

5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 285-294, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929193

ABSTRACT

Anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has shown impressive efficacy in treating B-cell malignancies. A single-center phase I dose-escalation study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of T cells transduced with CBM.CD19 CAR, a second-generation anti-CD19 CAR bearing 4-1BB costimulatory molecule, for the treatment of patients with refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Ten heavily treated patients with refractory DLBCL were given CBM.CD19 CAR-T cell (C-CAR011) treatment. The overall response rate was 20% and 50% at 4 and 12 weeks after the infusion of C-CAR011, respectively, and the disease control rate was 60% at 12 weeks after infusion. Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in all patients. The incidence of cytokine release syndrome in all grades and grade ⩾ 3 was 90% and 0, respectively, which is consistent with the safety profile of axicabtagene ciloleucel and tisagenlecleucel. Neurotoxicity or other dose-limiting toxicities was not observed in any dose cohort of C-CAR011 therapy. Antitumor efficacy was apparent across dose cohorts. Therefore, C-CAR011 is a safe and effective therapeutic option for Chinese patients with refractory DLBCL, and further large-scale clinical trials are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19/adverse effects , China , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
6.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1155-1162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of cc-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) as a potential diagnostic or differential marker for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).Methods:A total number of 643 patients with B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative diseases (B-CLPD) admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to December 2018 were enrolled. The patients included 327 cases of CLL, 58 cases of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), 34 cases of follicular lymphoma (FL), 36 cases of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), 10 cases of hair-cell leukemia or its variants (HCL/HCLV-v), 40 cases of Waldorf′s macroglobulinemia (WM), 48 cases of CD5 +B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disease unclassified (B-CLPD-U) and 90 cases of CD5 -B-CLPD-U. At the same time, 20 samples from healthy people from the medical examination center of our hospital were used as normal controls. Flow cytometry was used to detect the immune-phenotype and CCR7 expression level in B-CLPD patients, and Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to analyze the genomic alterations: the ataxia telangiectasia mutant gene (ATM) deletion, the 13q14 deletion, the P53 deletion and trisomy 12. Sanger sequencing was used to analyze gene mutations of splicing factor 3B subunit 1 (SF3B1), NOTCH1, tumor protein 53 (TP53) and immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (IGHV). Measurement data were compared by Mann-Whitney test, and the positive rates were compared by chi-square test. The diagnostic value and optimal positive cutoff value of CCR7 were calculated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The positive rates of CCR7 expression in typical CLL and atypical CLL were 90.8% (257/283) and 84.1% (37/44), respectively, and there was no significant difference of the positive rates (χ 2=1.228, P=0.268) between groups. The positive expression rates of CCR7 in CLL, MCL, CD5 +B-CLPD-U, CD5 -B-CLPD-U, FL, WM, HCL/HCL-v and MZL were 89.9% (294/327), 10.3% (6/58), 6.3% (3/48), 8.9% (8/90), 0, 0, 0 and 13.9% (5/36) respectively, and the median mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) was 278 (246, 307), 114 (106, 128), 112 (106, 117), 110 (104, 121), 108 (105, 119), 111 (105, 124), 112 (108, 115) and 109 (105, 120) respectively. Compared with CLL, the positive expression rates of CCR7 in other types of B-CLPDs were lower significantly (χ 2=181.3, 177.8, 232, 164.7, 180.8, 62.6, 129, P<0.01). In addition, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of CCR7 for distinguishing CLL from other types of B-CLPD were 89.9%, 93.0% and 92.3%, respectively. The positive expression rate of CD49d in CCR7 +CLL patients was 13.9%, which was significantly lower than that in CCR7 -CLL patients (42.1%) (χ 2=7.6, P=0.01). The coincidence rate of 13q14 deletion was 50.3% in CCR7 +CLL patients, which was significantly higher than that in CCR7 -CLL patients (20%) (χ 2=6.56, P=0.01). Conclusions:The CC-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) antigen is an effective marker for the diagnosis and identification of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The expression level of CCR7 in clinical specimens can distinguish CLL from other pathological subtypes of B-CLPDs.

7.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 840-845, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958588

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the significance of 12 inflammatory cytokines in early detection and treatment guidance of hematologic malignant patients with Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) after Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell immunotherapy.Methods:A total of 12 patients, including 6 males and 6 females, aged 53.0 (49.8, 62.5) years old, were treated with CAR-T cell immunotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from 2017 to 2020. Cytometric bead array was used to detect the serum levels of IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12P70, IL-17A, IFN-α, IFN-γ, and TNF-α at different time points after cell infusion in all patients receiving CAR-T cell immunotherapy. C-reactive protein (CRP), D-dimer (D-D), serum ferritin (SF), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured at the corresponding period. CRS was classified into four grades according to the diagnostic criteria, from 0 to 3. The differences of the above mentioned parameters between the four groups were compared. The Speedman correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between inflammatory cytokine expression levels and CRS grades. Plot the subject′s receiver operating characterist (ROC) curve to determine the sensitivity and specificity of inflammatory cytokines to predict CRS.Results:CRS grading was performed on day 1, 4, 7, and 11 after CAR-T cell infusion in 12 patients. There are 48 cases in total, including 25 cases of CRS grade 0, 6 cases of CRS grade 1, 9 cases of CRS grade 2, and 8 cases of CRS grade 3. The correlation analysis of 48 cases showed that the expression levels of IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1β, and IL-8 were positively correlated with CRS grade ( P<0.05). The correlation coefficients were 0.384, 0.730, 0.632, 0.341, 0.681, 0.319, and 0.622, respectively. 7 inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, IL-8, IL-2, TNF-α, and IFN-α) were elevated in 12 patients, and the average time to start the rise was 3.4, 5.3, 6.1, 2.9, 4.3, 6.0 and 5.8 days, respectively. The time for CRP, D-D, SF, and LDH to begin to rise were 6.6, 7.6, 8.3 and 7.6 days, which were higher than that of the 7 inflammatory cytokines. After effective treatment, except for IL-6, the remaining 6 inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, IFN-γ, IL-8, IL-2, TNF-α and IFN-α) had their recovery times as 7.8, 3.9, 5.1, 8.0, 6.0, and 2.5 day,respectively, which were lower than that of CRP, D-D, SF, and LDH(9.7, 9.2, 13.7, and 13.8 days, respectively). The ROC showed that IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, and IL-8 can serve as biomarkers for diagnosis of CRS with high sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion:The monitoring of 12 inflammatory cytokines play an important role in CRS grading after CAR-T cell immunotherapy, which contributes to the early diagnosis of CRS and the prediction of clinical outcome.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 684-687, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the predictive value of the UK Myeloma Research Alliance Risk Profile(MRP)score based on clinical outcomes in elderly patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma(NDMM).Methods:Patients aged ≥65 years with NDMM in our hospital from March 2018 to September 2021 were divided into three groups with low, medium and high risk according to MRP scores.Their therapeutic efficacy, adverse effects, and survival were analyzed.Results:A total of 63 NDMM patients were enrolled with median age of 69 years(65-84 years)and median follow-up of 13.3(1.2-43.4)months.Based on MRP score, there were 22 patients in the low-risk group, 13 cases in medium-risk group, 28 patients in the high-risk group.The median progression-free survival(PFS)time of the three groups was 38.4, 25.1 and 21.2 months respectively, and the estimated 2-year PFS rate was 83.9%, 60.0%, and 45.6%, respectively(all P=0.177). The estimated 2-year overall survival(OS)rate was 100.0%, 90.0%, 74.6%, respectively(all P=0.049). Among patients with grade 2 or above hematological adverse events, there were 20 cases(71.4%), 7 cases(53.8%)and 8 cases(36.4%)in the high-, medium-and low-risk groups, with statistically significant differences( χ2=6.154, P=0.046). Among patients with grade 3 or higher non-hematological adverse events, there were 17 cases(60.7%), 5 case(38.5%)and 5 cases(22.7%)in the high-, medium-and low-risk groups, with statistically statistical significance( χ2=7.389, P=0.025). The patients experiencing interruption, delay or replacement of chemotherapy regimen were 6 cases(46.2%)and 19 cases(67.9%)in the medium-and high-risk groups, which were higher than in the low-risk group(31.8%, χ2=6.543, P=0.038). Conclusions:It is feasible to conduct MRP score in elderly NDMM patients.The MRP score can be used to predict the adverse events of chemotherapy, etc, and has certain value for the prognosis evaluation of patients.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 445-448, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953984

ABSTRACT

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a kind of heterogeneous myeloid tumor that originates from hematopoietic stem cells and is characterized by hematopoietic dysfunction and high risk of transformation into myeloid leukemia. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has a great therapeutic potential for MDS patients and is the only effective option to cure MDS. Factors such as disease type, disease prognosis stratification, timing of transplantation, the intensity of preconditioning and relapse after transplantation all affect the survival of patients after transplantation. It is of great importance to clarify transplantation indications, flexibly choose patients at different times, select appropriate conditioning regimens and monitor the relapse after transplantation for improving the prognosis of MDS patients after transplantation. This article reviews the current progress of the application of allo-HSCT in MDS patients from these aspects.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 272-276, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of related indicators of right heart hypofunction in patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF).Methods:The clinical data of 55 PMF patients in the Second People's Hospital of Lianyungang in Jiangsu Province and Jiangsu Province Hospital from January 2015 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The differences in right heart function-related echocardiographic indexes and biochemical indexes between pre-fibrosis/early stage fibrosis patients and obvious stage fibrosis patients were compared. Single factor linear regression method was used to analyze the correlations of pulmonary artery pressure with biochemical indexes.Results:The hemoglobin level [119 g/L (47-224 g/L) vs. 78 g/L (33-182 g/L)] and platelet count [233×10 12/L (5×10 12/L-984×10 12/L) vs. 117×10 12/L (7×10 12/L-731×10 12/L)] of patients in the pre-fibrosis/early stage fibrosis group were higher than those in the obvious stage fibrosis group, and the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05). Among 22 patients with complete results of cardiac ultrasound, 90.9% (20/22) patients had increased pulmonary artery pressure, 72.7% (16/22) patients had increased left atrial diameter, and 90.9% (20/22) patients had increased right ventricular diastolic diameter. There were no patients with abnormal ejection fraction. The pulmonary artery pressure [48 mmHg (46-90 mmHg) vs. 33 mmHg (20-50 mmHg) (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa)], left ventricular diastolic diameter [46 mm (36-50 mm) vs. 47 mm (43-53 mm)] and fractional shortening rate [38.1% (36.0%-38.9%) vs. 35.4% (32.7%-37.8%)] of patients in the pre-fibrosis/early stage fibrosis group were higher than those in the obvious stage fibrosis group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The pulmonary artery pressure of patients had positive correlations with age ( r = 0.590), serum ferritin (SF) ( r = 0.608), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ( r = 0.711) and soluble growth-stimulating expression gene 2 (ST-2) ( r = 0.580)(all P<0.05), and had negative correlation with platelet count ( r = -0.596, P = 0.003). Conclusion:PMF patients are prone to right heart hypofunction, the pulmonary artery pressure is higher in older patients and patients with high SF, LDH and ST-2 levels and low platelet count.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 141-143, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882253

ABSTRACT

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an oncologic disease with clonal proliferation of lymphocytes. In recent years, great advances have been made in the basic and clinical research of CLL. The 62nd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting in 2020 presented a detailed report on the latest advance in basic research on these diseases, providing a deeper understanding of how CLL occurs and develops, and playing a guidance role in the clinical treatment.

12.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 71-73, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882242

ABSTRACT

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a relatively common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in China. PTCL is clinically highly aggressive, and it progresses rapidly. The current treatment methods are ineffective and the overall prognosis is poor. The 62nd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting reported on the progress of PTCL molecular targeted therapy and immunotherapy, including programmed death receptor 1/programmed death receptor ligand 1 antibodies, JAK inhibitors, brentuximab vedotin, etc. These novel drugs bring a better prospect for patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1163-1169, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression pattern of TCR variable region subfamily (Vβ and Vδ) in patients with mature T-cell lymphoma (TCL), and to compare the diagnostic value of TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis in TCL.Methods:The TCRVβ flow cytometry kit was used to detect the expression of Vβ subtypes of αβT cell in 199 patients with αβ TCL and 398 patients with non-TCL, who hospitalized in Jiangsu Provincial People Hospital from 2011 to 2020. Among them, 185 cases of αβ TCL and 355 cases of non-TCL also underwent TCRβ and TCRγ gene rearrangement detection. The TCRVδ based 10-color protocol was used to detect the expression of Vδ subtypes in 24 cases of γδTCL, 10 cases of normal controls, and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio from 2017 to 2020, and 24 cases of γδTCL and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio underwent TCRβ, TCRγ and TCRδ gene rearrangement detection. The diagnostic performance and degree of coincidence for detecting malignant clonality were compared between TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis and the TCR gene scanning method.Results:In the 199 cases of αβ TCL, 182 cases (91.5%) showed restricted expression or the sum of the positive percentages of the subgroups was less than 30% for the 24 TCRVβ subtypes. Among them, the subfamily members with the highest incidence of clonal T lymphocytes were TCRVβ13.2 (12.6%, 23/182) and TCRVβ3 (8.2%,15/182); the TCRVβ subtypes showed nonclonal results in 99.0% (394/398) of non-TCL. All 24 cases of γδTCL (100%) showed abnormal distribution patterns of Vδ1 and Vδ2, of which 19 cases showed restricted expression of Vδ1, and the remaining 5 cases had negative expression of either Vδ1 or Vδ2, and the positive rate of Vδ1 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ2 cells (79.9%±10.8% vs 0.7%±0.3%, P<0.001). Among the normal control and cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio, the positive rate of Vδ2 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ1 cells (73.7%±6.7% vs 15.6%±4.2%, P<0.001), and all cases (25/25) showed a normal distribution pattern. In terms of the diagnostic performance of TCL, there was no significant difference of sensitivity and specificity between TCR variable region subfamily detection by flow cytometry and TCR gene scanning technology (the sensitivity was 92.4% and 91.4% respectively; the specificity was 99.0% and 95.9% respectively, P=0.065), and the coincidence rate of the two diagnostic methods is high (Kappa=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusion:Detection of TCR variable region subfamily by flow cytometry could quickly and effectively diagnose mature TCL.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 529-533, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of obesity on the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.Methods:The clinical data of 81 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from August 2017 to September 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. According to the body mass index (BMI), the patients were divided into the obese group (BMI≥28 kg/m 2, 11 cases) and the non-obese group (BMI<28 kg/m 2, 70 cases). The clinicopathological characteristics, hematopoietic stem cell implantation, post-transplantation complications, survival and recurrence were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were performed by using Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results:The median follow-up time of 81 patients was 280 d (8-1 218 d). The 1-year overall survival (OS) rate was 77.9%, and the 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 73.8%. The 1-year OS rates of the non-obese group and the obese group were 82.6% and 46.2% ( χ2 = 15.54, P<0.01), and the 1-year PFS rates were 82.1% and 36.4% ( χ2 = 15.56, P<0.01). The non-recurrence mortality (NRM) rates of the non-obese group and the obese group were 7.1% and 32.7% ( χ2 = 6.463, P = 0.01), and the cumulative recurrence rate was 11.5% and 42.9% ( χ2 = 8.146, P = 0.004). Between the non-obese group and the obese group, the median engraft time of neutrophils and platelets, acute graft-versus-host disease, chronic graft-versus-host disease, hemorrhagic cystitis, cytomegalovirus infection and Epstein-Barr virus infection had no statistical difference ( P > 0.05). The result of multivariate analysis showed that obesity was an independent adverse influencing factor for OS of patients with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation ( HR = 3.814, 95% CI 1.343-10.827, P = 0.012). Conclusion:Obesity is an important unfavorable factor that affects patient's survival after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and the improvement of the efficacy and survival of these patients is worthy of further study.

15.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 385-388, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907188

ABSTRACT

The therapy of relapsed/refractory lymphoma is still a challenge, and high-dose chemotherapy combined with autologous stem cell transplantation, new drugs and cellular immunotherapy are the main treatment options. In recent years, the emergence of reduced intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and alternative donor have made allo-HSCT become a valuable option for relapsed/refractory lymphoma. The features of the disease, patients' clinical characteristics, selection of alternative donors, conditioning regimen and the management of transplantation-related complications affect the survival of patients after transplantation. The data of allo-HSCT in the treatment of relapsed/refractory lymphoma are mainly derived from retrospective reports of various transplantation centers, and a large number of prospective clinical trials are desperately needed to explore. There are still no consensus for the selection criteria of transplant patients, the timing of transplantation, the selection of graft source and transplantation conditioning. This paper reviews the current progress of the application of allo-HSCT in relapsed/refractory lymphoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 499-502, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880399

ABSTRACT

A kind of adjustable external fixation device for lower extremity is designed. The circuit is mainly composed of TEC1-00703 semiconductor refrigeration chip, HZC-30A pressure sensor, STC89C52RC single chip microcomputer and other electrical components. It can realize the timing intelligent temperature control and meet the local fixed-point refrigeration. The design of adjustable structure and the application of intelligent air cushion can satisfy the full fixation of lower limbs of different individuals. Its operation does not need much medical knowledge. It can solve the problem of emergency transportation and follow-up treatment of lower limb injury in ice and snow sports. It has a good application prospect and universality.


Subject(s)
Humans , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Lower Extremity , Refrigeration , Semiconductors
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 54-58, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799078

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To reveal clinical features, pathological diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of primary thymic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and review literatures.@*Methods@#The clinical characteristics, pathological diagnosis, laboratory texts, treatment and prognosis of 7 cases of primary thymic MALT lymphoma identified at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2017 to January 2019 were collected and analyzed.@*Results@#Of 7 primary thymic MALT lymphoma cases, six were female. Patients were often asymptomatic and were found mediastinal mass by chest CT. After mediastinal mass resection, pathologist reported a primary thymic MALT lymphoma. Laboratory tests showed all patients were positive for anti-nuclear antibody, anti-Ro52 antibodies and anti-Sjogren’s syndrome A antibodies, and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) . Four were diagnosed with Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) . After surgery, the patients were given the positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) scans. All cases received "watch and wait" approach. Up to now, all cases showed good prognoses and none of them relapsed.@*Conclusion@#Primary thymic MALT lymphoma was rare, and it was often associated with autoimmune diseases. Such patients who usually had good prognoses should be followed up closely and avoided excessive treatments if there were no indications of intervention.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1139-1143, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of the blended learning based on Rain Classroom in normal human morphology course.Methods:A total of 118 undergraduates majoring in medical laboratory technology of Batch 2017 and Batch 2018 from Xinjiang Medical University were included in this study, and they were divided into the observation group (Batch 2018) and the control group (Batch 2017), with 59 students in each group, adopting the traditional teaching method and blended learning method based on Rain Classroom respectively. The mid-term, final and comprehensive scores of the two groups were compared by t test and chi-square test through SPSS 23.0. And the evaluation of teaching satisfaction of the observation group was obtained by the questionnaire survey. Results:The mid-term results [(74.02±8.71) vs. (62.00±8.97), t=-6.073, P<0.001], the final results [(83.21±7.73) vs. (70.44±11.43), t=-6.250, P<0.001], and the comprehensive results [(82.26±9.53) vs. (70.52±11.09), t=-6.012, P<0.001] of the observation group were significantly superior than those of the control group ( P<0.05). The excellence rate of the final results (23.72% vs. 3.45%, χ2=10.412, P=0.001) and comprehensive results (18.64% vs. 5.08%, χ2=5.187, P=0.023) in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The results of the questionnaire survey showed that the observation group generally had a good satisfaction with the blended learning. Conclusion:The blended learning could make up for the deficiency of the traditional teaching methods, have preferable teaching effects, and get wide recognition from students.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1087-1091, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827738

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect chromosomal aberrations by using cytoplasmic light chain immunofluorescence with fluorescence in situ hybridization (cIg-FISH), and to explore the correlation of del(17p13) with clinical characteristics, drug response and prognosis among patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 198 cases of NDMM was collected. cIg-FISH and a specific probe (TP53) were used to detect karyotypic abnormalities in bone marrow samples derived from the patients. Correlation between karyotypic abnormalities and clinical data was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Nineteen of the 198 patients (9.6%) were found to have a karyotype involving del(17p13). The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with or without del(17p13) was significantly different (P<0.01). No significant difference was found in OS and PFS between patients carrying a del(17p13) on bortezomib and non-bortezomib regimen (OS: P = 0.873; PFS: P = 0.610).@*CONCLUSION@#cIg-FISH is a simple and convenient method for the detection of karyotypic anomalies in multiple myeloma. Del(17p13) is an indicator for poor prognosis for multiple myeloma patients. Bortezomib cannot improve the survival disadvantage of del(17p13).

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 441-445, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872521

ABSTRACT

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a malignant disease of the lymphatic and hematopoietic systems with monoclonal and mature small lymphocytes. Although CLL is an indolent leukemia, its clinical outcome is highly heterogeneous, the high-risk patients have a rapid clinical progression, and are prone to relapse and drug resistance, and have a short survival time. Therefore, it is particularly important to accurately judge the prognosis of patients and carry out the stratified treatment. In recent years, although the combination of immunochemotherapy and ibrutinib has a good effect on the overall CLL patients, the clinical efficacy for high-risk CLL patients is still not satisfactory. This article mainly reviews the changes in the diagnosis of high-risk CLL and the treatment progress in the era of novel agents.

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