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Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 83-88, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934135


Objective:To evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of the novel double disc-shaped gastrointestinal occluder (hereinafter referred to as occluder) in treatment of refractory tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF).Methods:From July 1, 2020 to January 31, 2021, 10 patients with refractory TEF treated with occluder at Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University were collected. The patients′ clinical data such as gender, age, body mass index and fistula diameter were recorded. The success rate of operation, intraoperative and postoperative complications, operation time, postoperative hospital stay, efficacy of fistula closure and postoperative recovery were analyzed. The Karnofsky score and body mass index of patients 1 month and 3 months after operation were compared with those before operation for curative effect evaluation. Paired t test was used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the 10 TEF patients, there were 7 males and 3 females, the median age was 64.5 years old (ranged from 49.0 to 78.0 years old), the body mass index was (18.0±2.5) kg/m 2 and the diameter of the fistula was (1.2±0.6) cm. Occluder placement was successful in all patients. The operation time was (17.6±7.8) min (ranged from 7.0 to 30.0 min). Two cases had little bleeding during the operation, and there was no bleeding after the operation. The postoperative hospital stay was (5.9±4.0) d (ranged from 1.0 to 12.0 d). Among the 10 TEF patients, fistula of 5 patients were completely blocked, 4 cases were partially blocked and 1 case was ineffectively blocked, the effective rate of blocking was 9/10. One month follow-up after operation showed that the symptoms of choking and coughing during eating were significantly improved in 9 patients, and the symptoms of choking and coughing during eating were significantly improved in 1 patient after waist diameter of 12 mm occluder was replaced with the occluder of 15 mm. The 3-month follow-up after operation showed that the occluders were in the right place in 8 patients, the occluder was displaced in 1 patient and the occluder was removed and treated with enteral nutrition. One patient died due to the recurrence of esophageal cancer. The Karnofsky score of TEF patients 3 months after operation and the body mass index of TEF patients 1 month and 3 months after operation were higher than those before operation (70.0±34.0 vs. 46.0±10.7, (19.32±2.59) and (19.73±2.92) kg/m 2 vs. (18.03±2.50) kg/m 2), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-3.09, -2.37 and -2.82, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Gastrointestinal occluder is safe and effective in the treatment of refractory TEF.