Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 33
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 890-896, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996637

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To summarize the surgical treatment experience in neonates with coarctation of the aorta (CoA) and aortic arch hypoplasia (AAH). Methods     The neonates with CoA and AAH who underwent surgical treatment in the Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from 2013 to 2020 were retrospectively enrolled. The postoperative complications, long-term survival rate, and freedom from aortic reobstruction were analyzed. Patients undergoing extended end-to-end anastomosis were allocated into an extended end-to-end group, those undergoing extended end-to-side anastomosis into an extended end-to-side group, and those undergoing pulmonary autograft patch aortoplasty into a patch aortoplasty group. Results     Finally 44 patients were  enrolled, including 37 males and 7 females, aged 5.00-30.00 (19.34±7.61) days and weighted 2.00-4.50 (3.30±0.60) kg. There were 19 patients of extended end-to-end anastomosis, 19 patients of extended end-to-side anastomosis, and 6 patients of pulmonary autograft patch aortoplasty. The mean values of the Z scores of the proximal, distal, and isthmus of the aortic arch were –2.91±1.52, –3.40±1.30, and –4.04±1.98, respectively. The mean follow-up time was 45.6±3.7 months. There were 2 early deaths and no late deaths. Aortic reobstruction occurred in 8 patients, and 3 patients underwent reoperation intervention. The 5-year rate of freedom from reobstruction was 78.8%. The Cox multivariable regression analysis showed that the related factors for postoperative reobstruction were the Z score of the preoperative proximal aortic arch (HR=0.152, 95%CI 0.038-0.601, P=0.007) and the postoperative left main bronchus compression (HR=15.261, 95%CI 1.104-210.978, P=0.042). Conclusion     Three surgical procedures for neonates with CoA and AAH are safe and effective, but the aortic reobstruction rate in long term is not low. The smaller Z score of the preoperative proximal aortic arch and the postoperative left main bronchus compression are risk factors for long-term aortic reobstruction.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 597-601, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934902

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the management of hepatic vein (HV) in patients with functional single ventricle (FSV) and separate hepatic venous drainage (SHVD) undergoing total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) and evaluate this kind of surgery. Methods    The clinical data of 32 consecutive patients with SHVD who underwent modified TCPC operation from August 2005 to January 2017 in our center were retrospectively analyzed. There were 25 males and 7 females with an average age of 2-19 (8.0±5.0) years and body weight of 11-66 (25.4±15.8) kg. Results    There were 20 patients with heterotaxy syndrome and 12 patients with other types of FSV. SHVD was diagnosed preoperatively in 27 patients, among whom 20 patients were connected by intra-extracardiac Gore-Tex conduit, and the other 7 patients were connected by extracardiac Gore-Tex conduit. Because of the missed diagnosis of SHVD, the other 5 patients showed severe decrease of blood oxygen saturation in the early postoperative period and underwent re-operation soon. The postoperative blood oxygen saturation was 92.0% (90.0%, 96.0%), central venous pressure was 10-23 (15.5±3.5) mm Hg, mechanical ventilation assisted time was 16.0 (7.5, 24.0) h, and ICU stay time was 3.0 (2.0, 5.5) d. There were 3 early and 1 late deaths. Conclusion    Intra-extracardiac conduit is an effective and feasible modified TCPC operation for patients with FSV and SHVD, while the surgical details need to be formulated in combination with individual anatomical structure. Preoperative missed diagnosis of SHVD must be avoided. Otherwise, after TCPC, a large amount of stealing blood from HV with low circulation pressure into atrium would lead to unacceptable hypoxemia.

3.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 712-717, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994620

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors and follow-up outcomes of pediatric heart transplantation(HT).Methods:Between January 2018 and June 2022, perioperative data are retrospectively reviewed for 41 pediatric HT recipients aged <18 years and donor-recipient weight data for infants aged under 3 years at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital.Perioperative survivors are followed up until August 31, 2022 through out patient visits and telephone calls.Postoperative survivals are examined by Kaplan-Meier method and possible risk factors for perioperative survival identify with Logistic regression.Results:There are 22 boys and 19 girls with a median age of 120(58~138)months.After preoperative adjuvant therapy of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO), 8 cases had a successful transition to HT and 2 children underwent ABO incompatible(ABOi)HT.Six children aged under 3 years had a donor-recipient weight ratio of 2.95.Among 17 children, there are one or more complications, including continuous renal replacement therapy(CRRT, 9 cases, 21.95%), tracheotomy (3 cases, 7.32%), delayed chest closure or redo of sternotomy(6 cases, 14.63%)and acute graft dysfunction(4 cases, 9.76%). Five children died during perioperative period.The possible risk factors for perioperative mortality include preoperative ECMO assistance[ HR: 32.00, 95% CI: (2.83~361.79), P<0.05], preoperative CRRT[ HR: 11.33, 95% CI: (1.15~111.69), P<0.05] and total bilirubin [ HR: 1.02, 95% CI: (1.002~1.040), P<0.05]. During follow-ups, one child died from Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease; another case of EBV-associated hepatic leiomyoma underwent transcatheter arterial embolization.With an overall survival rate of 85.37%, the cumulative survival rate is 96.97% for children without preoperative ECMO assistance( P<0.05). Postoperative mortality rate spiked markedly in children with preoperative ECMO assistance ( P=0.0013). However, follow-up results of perioperatively survivors indicate that preoperative usage of ECMO will not affect follow-up survival( P=0.53). In ABOi group or infants aged under 3 years, no mortality occurres postoperatively or during follow-ups. Conclusions:In infant aged under 3 years, the strategies of ABOi HT and large-weight donor HT are both safe and effective and it has no effect upon perioperative and follow-up survivals.Preoperative ECMO assistance, total bilirubin and preoperative use of CRRT are risk factors for perioperative survival.

4.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 423-427, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of virtual reality(VR) technology in the surgical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease complicated with ventricular outflow tract stenosis.Methods:From November 2017 to October 2018, a total of 11 cases of congenital heart disease complicated with ventricular outflow tract stenosis were diagnosed and treated by VR technology assisted surgery in our center, including 9 cases of tetralogy of Fallot, 1 case of right ventricular double outlet stenosis and 1 case of right ventricular double outlet complicated with right ventricular outflow tract and pulmonary valve stenosis. The matching degree and value score of VR model by surgeons after operation. The data of these cases, including postoperative severe complications, maximum flow velocity and peak pressure difference and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) 3 months after surgery, were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the application value of VR technology and summarize the application experience of our center.Results:The operations were successful in all the 11 cases with no death in hospital. No serious complications related to the ventricular outflow tract occurred after the operation. The peak systolic velocity of the ventricular outflow tract in all the patients decreased to less than 2 m/s, and LVEF was in the normal range three months after the operation. In terms of VR model scores, the matching degree of all cases was 8/10 or above and 8 patients received a 3/3 of value score.Conclusion:For patients with congenital heart disease complicated with ventricular outflow tract stenosis, VR technology based on CT three-dimensional reconstruction can help surgeons more intuitively understand the spatial location information of each intra- and extra-cardiac structure and evaluate the feasibility of key surgical procedures, which is conducive to individual surgery and guarantees a good surgical outcome.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 811-814, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886504

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effects of cardiovascular surgery on Williams syndrome (WS). Methods    The clinical data of 68 WS patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 48 males and 20 females with a median age of 2.8 years ranging from 3 months to 33 years. Except one patient undergoing the coarctation repair, the rest 67 patients underwent surgical interventions to correct supravalvular aortic stenosis (SAVS) and pulmonary artery stenosis with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass, concommitant with 3 patients of relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, 2 patients of relief of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, 2 patients of mitral valvuloplasty, 3 patients of ventricular septal defect repair and 1 patient of arterial catheter ligation. Results    Two (2.9%) patients died of sudden cardiac arrest on the next day after surgery. One (1.5%) patient died of cardiac insufficiency due to severe aortic arch stenosis 3 years after surgery. The effect of SAVS was satisfactory. Two (2.9%) patients progressed to moderate aortic valvular regurgitation during postoperative follow-up. A total of 5 (7.4%) patients were re-intervened after operation for arch stenosis or pulmonary stenosis. Conclusion    WS patients should be diagnosed early, followed up and  assessed for cardiovascular system diseases, and timely surgical treatment has a good clinical effect.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1-4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885785

ABSTRACT

Objective:To sum up the experience of surgical repair for infants with absence of right pulmonary artery(ARPA) in our hospital to improve the treatment of ARPA.Methods:From February 2019 to April 2019, 3 infants with ARPA underwent surgical repair in our hospital, aged from 33-day to 20-month. We took enhanced CT scan with three-dimensional reconstruction and pulmonary vein wedge angiography(PVWA) to confirm the diagnosis and to assess the surgical indications. We explored to mobilize the atresia patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) and adopted "two-segment" technique to reconstruct the absent pulmonary artery. The blood flow in the "neo" pulmonary artery, the improvement of the pulmonary hypertension and anticoagulant therapy were followed up closely after the operation.Results:There were particular traces on CT reconstruction images which were very important cues for cardiac surgeons inferring potential approaches during the operation, such as the aberrant "diverticulum" or "bud" in the position of the base of the innominate artery in all 3 infants which were confirmed as one end of the atresia PDA connecting the right pulmonary hilum; PVWA which can clearly show the development and distribution of the pulmonary vessels within the lung was taken in one patient. Significant alleviation of pulmonary hypertension happened immediately after the RPA reconstruction; 3 patients recovered smoothly. During early follow-up, RPA thrombosis happened in one patient was cured by continuous pumping anticoagulation with heparin. Now warfarin or aspirin was used with close follow-up.Conclusion:ARPA is not "no-fly zone" for surgical correction. Earlier diagnosis and pulmonary reconstruction in infant could get excellent early result. Some particular aberrant "diverticulum" on CT reconstruction images are important cues with PVWA still being the golden standard for diagnosis and assessment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 435-440, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876073

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To sum up the experience of the primary modified single-patch (MSP) technique applied in our hospital for children with complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD). Methods    The clinical data of 141 children who underwent primary MSP technique for CAVSD between June 2009 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 62 males and 79 females with a median age of 6 (3, 11) months and a median weight of 5.8 (4.5, 7.0) kg. According to Rastelli classification, there were 116 patients in type A, 14 in type B and 11 in type C. Among them, 15 patients were diagnosed with Down’s syndrome. Cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross clamp time, atrioventricular valve regurgitation and other clinical data were recorded during and after operation. Results    Postoperatively, 17 patients suffered from severe left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (LAVVR) and 6 patients severe right atrioventricular valve regurgitation (RAVVR). In the follow-up period, 5 patients suffered from severe LAVVR and 1 patient severe RAVVR. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) appeared in 1 patient during follow-up period and none at the end of follow-up. There were 5 early deaths and 2 late deaths. Twelve patients underwent reoperation with a median interval time of 268 (8, 1 270) days. Conclusion    MSP technique is a wise surgical strategy for CAVSD children with good outcomes, improved postoperative mortality and decreased atrioventricular valve regurgitation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1160-1166, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904644

ABSTRACT

@#Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death and their diagnosis and treatment rely heavily on the variety of clinical data. With the advent of the era of medical big data, artificial intelligence (AI) has been widely applied in many aspects such as imaging, diagnosis and prognosis prediction in cardiovascular medicine, providing a new method for accurate diagnosis and treatment. This paper reviews the application of AI in cardiovascular medicine.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 737-741, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822655

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the effect of modified Blalock-Taussig shunt on the treatment of cyanotic congenital heart diseases in neonates. Methods    The clinical data of 33 neonates undergoing modified Blalock-Taussig shunt between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2017 were reviewed, including 28 males and 5 females with the age of 3.0-28.0 (18.0±6.1) d and weight of 1.9-3.7 (2.9±0.5) kg. Results    There were 3 (9.1%) in-hospital deaths. Ten (30.3%) patients required early unplanned reoperations after surgery. Five (15.2%) patients were lost to follow-up. In the multivariate analysis, preoperative acidosis, emergency operation and postoperative bedside thoracotomy were independent risk factors of early death. During the follow-up of 18.0-93.0 (40.2±22.5) months, there was no death and 9 (36.0%) survival patients underwent corrective surgery and stage-two palliative surgery. In the multivariate analysis, preoperative hyperhemoglobinemia was an independent risk factor of nonadministration of the corrective surgery and stage-two palliative surgery. Receiver operating characteristic curve showed that preoperative hyperhemoglobinemia was significant in determining whether secondary surgery was possible. Conclusion    The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is effective in promoting development of pulmonary arteries and preparing for the secondary surgery. The rate of mortality and postoperative complications after the neonatal modified Blalock-Taussig shunt remains high. The rate of secondary surgery is still low during follow-up.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 640-644, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822562

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the effect of different treatment strategies of vertical vein on the postoperative efficacy of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in newborns. Methods    The clinical data of 72 TAPVC newborns who underwent correction in our hospital from June 2008 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 59 males and 13 females, with an average age of 9.93±8.13 d. According to different vertical vein treatment strategies, the patients were divided into an unligated group (22 patients), a partially ligated group (23 patients) and a completely ligated group (27 patients). The mortality and incidence of common complications among the groups were compared. Results    In the completely ligated group, the aortic cross-clamp time was longer (P=0.001), intraoperative circulatory arrest cases were less (P=0.005), and the early velocity of pulmonary vein was faster (P=0.029), but there was no significant difference in the velocity of pulmonary vein for the last follow-up among three groups (P=0.393). There was no significant difference in other perioperative indicators among groups, including the early mortality, the incidence of pulmonary vein obstruction and the non-closure of vertical vein after surgery (P>0.05). The mean follow-up time was 4.47±2.63 years. The follow-up mortality was not significantly different among groups (P>0.05). The cardiac function (NYHA) of all the 64 survived patients was classⅠ-Ⅱ. Conclusion    Proper vertical vein treatment strategies may be conducive to a smooth transition after surgery, ensuring the success of surgeries.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 721-725, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800475

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To review our experiences with conventional and sutureless techniques in patients with supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.@*Methods@#From January 2004 to January 2016, 150 patients with suparacardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection underwent conventional or sutureless techniques. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to demonstrate the survival estimates. Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify risk factors for death and postoperative pulmonary venous obstruction(PVO).@*Results@#There were 9 in-hospital deaths and 2 late deaths. The survival rates at 30 days, 1 year, and 12 years were 94.0%, 93.3%, and 92.7%, respectively. Follow-up was completed in 95.7% of the survivors. Median follow-up was 47 months(range: 0-136 months). Twenty-one patients required reoperation for pulmonary venous obstruction. The survival rates in neonate group is significantly lower than that in infants and children group(P=0.026). For those who were diagnosed with preoperative PVO, the survival rates(conventional group 92.3% VS sutureless group 93.9%, P=0.741) and incidence of freedom from reoperation(conventional group 55.6% VS sutureless group 90.9%, P=0.166) in both the conventional and sutureless group were similar. Multivariable analysis showed that preoperative pulmonary venous obstruction(P=0.015) and longer duration of ventilation(P=0.011) were incremental risk factors for death. Aortic cross-clamp time(P=0.038) was associated with postoperative pulmonary venous obstruction.@*Conclusion@#Both the conventional and sutureless techniques in surgical repair for supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection can achieve satisfactory outcomes.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 205-207, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746169

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the accuracy of 3D models of patients with complex congenital heart disease(CHD) printed by domestic 3D priuters based on cardiac CT data.Methods From April 2018 to June 2018,our hospital used domestic 3D printers to print the hearts of 50 patients with complex CHD.The median age of the patients was 24 months(1 month to 61 years),and the diseases included pulmonary atresia,right ventricular double outlet and transposition of aorta.3 measurement sites(150 in total) were selected for each patient.Pearson correlation coefficient calculation,paired t test and Bland-Altman analysis were performed.Results Pearson correlation coefficient is 0.997.The difference of the measured value of CT-model was tested for normality.P was 0.2 of the D test.The Q-Q graph showed that the data point and the theoretical line were highly overlapped.The mean difference was (-0.07 ± 0.67) mm,P =0.196.In Bland-Altman analysis,the consistency boundary value interval of the difference was(-1.29 mm,1.16 mm) between which there were 143/150(95.33%) points.Conclusion 3D models of patients with complex CHD printed by domestic 3D printers based on cardiac CT data have good accuracy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 22-24, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735047

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the application of virtual reality technology and mixed reality techniques in our hospital before and during intraoperative evaluation of complicated congenital heart diseases .Methods Methods Retrospectively ana-lyze the clinical treatment, surgical decision-making, intraoperative and early prognosis of 11 children with complicated congen-ital heart disease assessed by virtual reality technology and mixed reality techniques.The time of operation was 34-121 min, CPB time was 26-101 min, the clamping time of aorta was 18-56 min.There was no operative death.Results All 11cases were assessed by virtual reality technology and mixed reality technology before surgery .Personalized surgical strategies were made based on the evaluation results.All patients had undergone operations successfully.Compared with traditional surgical methods, fewer surgical incisions and shorter operation time were required.And it improved the surgical results.Conclusion Virtual reality technology and mixed reality technology have a great advantage in preoperative and intraoperative evaluation of complex congenital heart diseases.They can optimize surgical strategies, shorten operation time, and reduce surgical trauma. They are worthy of further promotion and application in clinical practice.

14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 916-921, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810306

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the early and midterm results of surgical treatment of interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with double-ventricular procedure.@*Methods@#The data of the 68 cases with the main diagnosis of IAA with biventricular structure from June 2009 to June 2017 at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital was collected, including 46 cases of type A, 22 cases of type B. There was no type C case. Except for 5 cases without patent ductus arteriosus or other intracardiac malformations, the remaining 63 cases were combined with intracardiac deformity. The age of operation was 8 days to 18 years, including 28 cases(41.2%) of newborns, 32 cases(47.1%) within 1 year old, 6 cases(8.8%) from 1 to 15 years old, and 2 cases(2.9%) above 15 years old. Of the 5 patients with no intracardiac malformations, 4 patients were treated with a left-posterior thoracic lateral incision for primary surgical correction with end-to-side anastomosis, and 1 adult patient was treated with a median sternotomy incision to complete the anastomosis with the assist of extracorporeal circulation. Of the 63 patients with intracardiac malformation, 2 underwent reconstruction of the aortic arch via posterolateral left thoracic incision merely; 2 patients underwent staged surgery to correction the IAA and intracardiac malformation; the remaining 59 patients underwent the one-stage procedure of IAA and intracardiac malformation correction with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and 43 cases of selective cerebral perfusion. A total of 55 cases of end-to-end or end-to-side anastomosis were performed in all aortic arch reconstruction. There were 6 cases of connection the arch to descending aorta with autogenous pulmonary artery conduit, and 1 case with homemade bovine pericardial conduit. And there were 5 cases of anastomosis enlargement with autogenous pulmonary artery patch, and 1 case with left subclavian artery flap patch. There were 1 case performed with D. K.S. operation for the severe hypogenetic aortic valve and ascending aorta, and 1 case with left ventricular double outlet channel operation for the severe subvalvular aortic stenosis.@*Results@#Follow-up to 9 years, 4 deaths (5.9%) related to circulatory system diseases: 3 cases died within 30 days after surgery (1 case was neonatal, 2 cases were 1 to 12 months old); one died 8 months after surgery for low cardiac output syndrome. In the early postoperative period, 11 cases (16.2%) of residual aortic arch obstruction (pressure gradient >30 mmHg) were observed, of which 3 cases were moderate (4.4%); follow-up to 5 years after operation was residual obstruction in 3 cases and moderate in 2 cases. There were 3 cases with aortic valve and subvalvular obstruction (differential pressure >30 mmHg), 3 cases were followed up to 5 years after aortic valve and subvalvular obstruction, and 2 cases were moderate or above. To date, 5 patients have undergone 6 reoperations of the cardiovascular system: 3 cases because of pulmonary artery stenosis, 2 cases because of severe aortic arch stenosis, and 1 case because of aortic subvalvular obstruction.@*Conclusions@#One-stage surgical repair of IAA is safe and clinically effective in the neonatal and infant. But some patients still requires reoperation for re-obstruction from subvalvular or aorta arch. For some patients, the choice of aortic arch reconstruction depends on the specific situation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 449-452, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711809

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of three-dimensional(3 D) printing technique in the diagnosis and treatment of complex congenital heart disease(CHD).Methods From March 2016 to February 2018,40 patients with complex CHD underwent heart CT scanning.The CT images were imported to Standard Template Library(STL) files after 3D reconstruction and then exported for 3D printing.The 3D printed models were then used for decision making and navigation during surgery.Results Thirty patients were indicated for surgical operation.Three patients underwent single ventricular repair,and biventricular repair were operated on 27 patients.The 3D printed models were quite in accordance with the actual anatomical findings in all the patients.And all the procedures carried on were exactly same as planned based on 3D printed model.Conclusion The 3D printing may help improve the diagnosis and treatment level in complex CHD.

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 688-693, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735025

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of the surgical treatment in neonates with congenital heart disease(CHD) and the factors related to the perioperative mortality during cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods Totally,666 neonates undergo-ing CHD operation were reviewed in a single center from Jan 2006 to Dec 2014,of which,431 cases had complete cardiopul-monary bypass records. Analysis was performed to investigate the association between perioperative mortality and potential fac-tors,especially the cardiopulmonary bypass factors during different periods. In the multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, factors with statistical significance(P < 0. 1)in the univariate analysis were included in the model,such as,surgeon grouping, year of surgery,Aristotle score,preoperative weight,preoperative and intraoperative sodium bicarbonate volume and postopera-tive low cardiac output. Results The neonates enrolled ranged 8 - 22 days after birth,and 2. 7 - 3. 6 kg at weight. The mor-tality rate decreased from 23. 7% in 2006 to 12. 4% in 2014,showing a gradual decline(P = 0. 02). The mortalities of differ-ent CHDs were:pulmonary atresia(24. 4%),coarctation of the aorta( 16. 7%),transposition of the great arteries( 13. 1%), total anomalous pulmonary venous connection( 11. 0%),ventricular septal defect( 10. 6%),and so on. The volume of preop-erative and intraoperative 5% sodium bicarbonate was 30(20 - 50)mL in death group,higher than that in survival group[23 ( 15 - 30)ml]. While the preoperative weight was 3. 1(2. 7 - 3. 5)kg,lower than that in survival group[3. 3(3. 0 - 3. 6) kg]. The total amount of Plasmalyte/ Ringer,erythrocytes,ultrafiltration volume and the cardiac assist ratio were higher in the death group than in the survival group. After controlling the confounding effect of surgeons,the multivariable Cox proportional hazard model showed that:the independent risk factors for perioperative mortality were pulmonary atresia[aHR = 3. 89( 1. 78 -8. 42)],5% sodium bicarbonate volume ≥50 ml[aHR = 2. 62( 1. 14 - 6. 04)],erythrocytes volume > 200 ml[aHR = 2. 26 ( 1. 1 - 4. 06)]and postoperative low cardiac output[aHR = 6. 76(3. 30 - 13. 87)]. Conclusion During the study period, the preoperative mortality for neonates with CHD had a dramatical decrease,although the preoperative risk factors for the pa-tients increased. Pulmonary atresia repair surgery had the highest mortality in neonates. Factors associated with the periopera-tive mortality includedpreoperative acidosis and postoperative low cardiac output. There is a significant association between the improvement of perioperative mortality and the improvement of the technology of minimized cardiopulmonary bypass circuit dur-ing neonatal operation. It is suggested that the total erythrocytes volume maintains less than 200 ml.

17.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 675-678, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735022

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyse the outcomes following primary Sutureless technique used in our hospi-tal for neonates with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection(TAPVC)and sum up surgical operative experiences. Meth-ods Date were collected retrospectively in 42 neonates who underwent primary Sutureless technique for TAPVC between Janu-ary 2008 and December 2015. Cardiopulmonary bypass time,aortic clamped time,velocity of pulmonary veins and other relat-ed data were recorded during and after operation. Results There were 31 males and 11 females with median age of 8. 0 days old,of whom 25 were supracardiac TAPVC(59. 5%)and 17 were infracardiac TAPVC(40. 5%). After operation, 1 neonate died and none suffered from pulmonary vein obstruction(PVO). In follow-up period,there was 1 neonates suffered from PVO. Six neonates came back to hospital again because of septicemia,poor wound healing,bronchopneumonia and incomplete intesti-nal obstruction. Conclusion Sutureless technique is a wise surgical strategy for neonates with TAPVC for better outcomes and decreasing postoperative mortality rate and recurrence rate of PVO.

18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 933-937, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809645

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the surgical treatment and early-mid follow-up results of complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD).@*Methods@#The clinic data of 235 cases of CAVSD underwent surgical treatment at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital from June 2009 to June 2016 was analyzed retrospectively (104 male and 131 female patients). The patients were aged 18 days to 58 years (mid age 8.9 months) at surgery, and 2 cases of newborns (0.9%), 24 cases of 1 to 3 months (10.2%), 56 cases of 4 to 6 months (23.8%), 66 cases of 7 to 12 months (28.1%), 36 cases of 1 to 3 years (15.3%), 37 cases of 4 to 18 years (15.7%), and 14 cases above 18 years (6.0%). There were 129 cases of Rastelli type A (54.89%), 16 cases of type B (6.8%), 25 cases of type C (10.6%) and 65 cases of transitional type (27.7%). The patients were combined with 7 cases of unroofed coronary sinus syndrome, 5 cases of coarctation of aorta, 4 cases of tetralogy of Fallot, 3 cases of double outlet right ventricle, 1 case of transposition of the great arteries, 1 case of multiple ventricular septal defect, 1 case of pulmonary artery sling. The CAVSD correction operations were performed in 199 cases with modified single patch technique (84.7%), 26 cases with two patch technique (11.1%), 10 cases with conventional single patch technique (4.3%), and the corrective surgeries of other anomalies were performed in the meantime. Generalized Estimated Equation was used to statistical analysis of postoperative regurgitation level of mitral valve and tricuspid valve.@*Results@#Followed-up for 1 to 7 years, 18 cases (7.7%) died overall and 15 cases (6.4%) died within 30 days post-operation.The mortality of little infant (operation age ≤3 months) was much highest(26.9%). The mortality of different operation age had significant difference(P=0.007). There was no difference among the mortality with three techniques. Seven cases (3.0%) suffered from the re-operation for severe mitral regurgitation. A total of 217 patients survived more than 1 year after initial surgery, and there were 11 cases (5.1%) with severe mitral regurgitation and 7 cases (3.2%) with severe tricuspid valve regurgitation at 1 year post-operation.The degree of mitral regurgitation after operation decreased at 1 week to 6 months, and slightly higher after 1 year postoperatively.The ratios of severe mitral regurgitation in different operative age group was statistically significant difference(P=0.017), mainly from 3 months group and 1 to 3 years group.The degree of tricuspid regurgitation decreased significantly after operation, and decreased gradually in the follow-up period. The ratio of postoperative residual severe tricuspid regurgitation was the highest in surgical aged >18 years old, less in 3 years group, the lowest in 3 to 18 years group.@*Conclusions@#The mortality and the ratio of patients with serious mitral regurgitation were higher in infants less 3 months than elder patients. The infants need more frequently follow-up and medicine treatment after operation. The modified one patch technique is effective for all age groups.

19.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 257-261, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620817

ABSTRACT

Objective The study aimed to explore the development direction of congenital heart disease surgery through comparing Europe with Guangdong General Hospital(GDGH) in data of ECHSA Congenital Database.Methods The data between 2009 to 2015 of Europe and GDGH were extracted from ECHSA Congenital Database.The data of Europe and GDGH were compared by basic information,operating difficulty and mortality.Results The results of Europe and GDGH were patient number(71 763 vs 13 119),procedure/patient ratio(126.2% vs 104.1%),age[(75.91 ± 146.18) months VS(105.80 ± 172.18) months],the proportion of neonate (18.2% vs 4.4%),Aristotle mean score (7.00 vs 6.67),30 days mortality (2.98% vs 1.73 %).The proportion of neonate palliative operation of Europe was more than that of GDGH.In adult group,Europe was more of reoperation and of GDGH was more of primary surgery.Conclusion The surgical treatment of congenital heart disease of GDGH is developing and is close to the mean average of Europe.The proportion of neonate,complex surgery and reoperation is lower than Europe.

20.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1-4, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508429

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the outcomes of surgical repair of typeⅢ pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal de-fect( PA/VSD) .Methods Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 98 patients with type Ⅲ PA/VSD who underwent sur-gical repair in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery , Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute from September 2005 to December 2014.There were 54 males and 44 females at the mean age of(4.2 ±4.8) years and the mean weight of(13.2 ±10.0) kg. There were 67 patients in palliative repair group and 31 patients in radical repair group .There were 85 patients underwent on-pump operation including 9 beating heart cases.Results The mean bypass time was(121.2 ±49.4)min, the mean aorta cross-clamping time was(75.4 ±31.8) min.The overall postoperative mortality was 6.1%(6/98).For the survival patients, the mean ventilation time was(106.7 ±184.3) h, the mean ICU stay was(8.9 ±10.9) days and the mean hospital stay was (33.4 ±17.0)days.During follow-up period, 28 patients were underwent re-operation, the postoperative mortality was 7.1%(2/28).There were no differences in postoperative status between two groups.Conclusion The outcomes of surgical repair for type Ⅲ PA/VSD was good.Preoperative evaluation of the pulmonary development and MAPCAs were helpful for choosing surgical options.Re-operation was recommended to those appropriate patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL