Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 65
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 507-512, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characters and emergency treatment strategy of upper urinary tract stone obstruction complicated with urosepsis.Methods:Clinical data of 28 cases of urosepsis, caused by upper urinary tract stone obstruction and arranged for emergency admission in our hospital during January 2018 to December 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 22 females. The median age was 54(32-93)years old. All patients had fever with the temperature ranged from 38.5 to 41.0 ℃. The median course of disease was 3 (ranging 1-14) days. The systolic blood pressure ranged from 76 to 138 mmHg at admission. Hypotension group was defined as the systolic blood pressure<90 mmHg after admission. Normotensive group was defined as the systolic blood pressure≥90 mmHg. There were 12 cases in hypotension group, including 3 males and 9 females. The median age was 57 (ranging 32-93) years old. The stones located at left side in 7 cases and right side in 5 cases. The stones located at the upper ureter in 5 cases, middle ureter in 2 cases, lower ureter in 4 cases and renal calculi in one case. The median length of the stone was 10 (ranging 6-20) mm. Six cases suffered with diabetes mellitus. One case suffered with neuron system disease. 3 cases have history of recent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy(ESWL). There were 16 cases in normotensive group, including 3 males and 13 females with the median age of 53 (ranging 33-76) years old. The stones located at left side in 5 cases, right side in 9 cases and bilateral in 2 cases. The stones located at the upper ureter in 10 cases, middle ureter in 4 cases, lower ureter in 2 cases. The length of the stone was 10 (ranging 8-14) mm. There were 3 cases with neurological diseases and 3 cases with recent ESWL history. There was significant difference between hypotension group and normotensive group in ration of diabetes mellitus ( P=0.024). Blood routine examination, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin(PCT), blood and urine bacterial culture were performed in both groups. The patients were treated with empiric antibiotics after the evaluation based on the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA). Patients with hypotension were given blood volume expansion, and vasoactive drugs were added when the blood pressure was still low. After the blood pressure was stable, the collection system decompression was performed. The difference of infection indicators and therapeutic methods between the two groups was compared. Results:There was no significant difference in median WBC [16.34 (2.55-41.65) × 10 9/L vs. 13.97(6.23-26.65) × 10 9/L, P=0.577], median CRP [143.0(74.2-200.0) ng/ml vs.110.0 (22.7-200.0) ng/ml, P=0.771] between hypotension group and normotensive group. The difference of PCT [95.5 (26.5-200.0) ng / ml vs. 57.6 (1.0-200.0) ng / ml, P=0.040] and PLT [65.5(14.0-170.0)×10 9/L vs. 73.0(17.0-412.0)×10 9/L, P=0.030] between hypotension group and normotensive group was statistically significant. The median SOFA scores of hypotension group and normotensive group were significantly different [8.5(3.0-13.0) vs. 5.0(2.0-8.0), P=0.001]. Ureteral stent placement was performed in 23 cases, and nephrostomy was performed in 5 cases. There was no significant difference in surgical drainage between the two groups ( P=0.887). Eight patients in hypotension group were admitted to ICU. There was no significant difference in the duration of antibiotic use between hypotension group and normotensive group [8 (3-12) d vs. 5 (3-7) d, P=0.453]. Sepsis was cured in both groups after decompression, fluid resuscitation and antibiotic treatment. Conclusions:In severe cases of upper urinary tract stone obstruction complicated with urogenic sepsis, septic shock may occur. The condition is urgent, severe and dangerous. Patients with hypotension had higher PCT and SOFA scores, and lower PLT. It is very important to carry out the collection system decompression drainage in time, liquid resuscitation, early effective antibiotic use.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2018 to December 2019. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted with agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 14 778 bacterial strains were collected from 50 hospitals, of which 4 117 (27.9%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 10 661(72.1%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (17.0%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.7%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (8.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.7%), Enterococcus faecium (3.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii(3.4%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.9%), Streptococci(2.8%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.3%). The the prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus were 27.4% (394/1 438) and 70.4% (905/1 285), respectively. No glycopeptide-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. More than 95% of S. aureus were sensitive to amikacin, rifampicin and SMZco. The resistance rate of E. faecium to vancomycin was 0.4% (2/504), and no vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in no carbapenem-resistance E. coli, carbapenem sensitive K. pneumoniae and Proteus were 50.4% (2 731/5 415), 24.6% (493/2001) and 35.2% (31/88), respectively. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in E. coli and K. pneumoniae were 1.5% (85/5 500), 20.6% (518/2 519), respectively. 8.3% (27/325) of carbapenem-resistance K. pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The resistance rates of A. baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 2.8% (14/501) and 3.4% (17/501) respectively, and that of P. aeruginosa to carbapenem were 18.9% (103/546). Conclusions:The surveillance results from 2018 to 2019 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while E. coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBLs-producing strains were in majority; the MRSA incidence is getting lower in China; carbapenem-resistant E. coli keeps at a low level, while carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae is on the rise obviously.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912527

ABSTRACT

Flow cytometry has been widely used in clinical practice. Due to the powerful user-defined function of flow cytometry, different instrument settings among manufacturers and lack of standard materials, the comparability of results needs to be improved and flow cytometry is facing the great challenge of normalization and standardization. In this paper, the recent progress of normalization and standardization about flow cytometry was discussed form the aspects of standardizing operation protocol, including specimen and centrifugation, standardizingantibody selection and panel combination and ensuring instrument and data analysis consistency.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912495

ABSTRACT

Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is a serious complication of hematological malignancies. At present, the gold standard to detect CNS involvement is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology, but it has low sensitivity. The multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) shows higher sensitivity than CSF cytology. The occult central nervous system involvement with negative conventional cytology but positive MFC result is the same as dominant central nervous system involvement, which is associated with a high risk of recurrence of hematological tumors. However, due to the particularity of cerebrospinal fluid specimens--less number of cells, low activity, and more interfering cells, the application of MFC for detection of cerebrospinal fluid is limited. Therefore, there is an urgent need to standardize the MFC detection of CSF for hematological tumors, including defining specimen transportation, antibody selection and cut-off value, standardizing data analysis and strengthening employee training, which will greatly improve the role of MFC in the diagnosis of CNS with hematological malignancies.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2016 to December 2017. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) 2019. WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 8 154 bacterial strains were collected from 33 hospitals, of which 2 325 (28.5%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 5 829 (71.5%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (34.7%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (15.8%), Staphylococcus aureus (11.3%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (7.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii (4.6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.9%), Enterococcus faecium (3.8%), Streptococci (2.9%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.7%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.5%). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (MRCNS) accounted for 34.2%(315/922) and 77.7%(470/605), respectively. No vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. The resistance rate of Enterococcus faecium to vancomycin was 0.6%(2/312), and no vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus were 55.7%(1 576/2 831), 29.9%(386/1 289) and 38.5%(15/39), respectively. The incidences of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae were 1.2%(33/2 831), 17.5%(226/1 289), respectively. The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 14.8%(55/372) and 5.9%(22/372) respectively, and those of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to polymyxin and carbapenem were 1.3%(4/315) and 18.7%(59/315), respectively. Conclusion:The surveillance results from 2016 to 2017 showed that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen; the MRSA incidence was lower than other surveillance data in the same period in China; carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli was at a low level during this surveillance, while carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is on the rise.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of combined detection of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophils (CD64), interferon-induced protein 10(IP-10) in the diagnosis of upper respiratory infectious diseases in children.Methods:A total of 122 children with upper respiratory tract infectious diseases treated in the Affiliated Hospital of Shaoxing University of Arts and Sciences from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected as the research subjects.According to the clinical symptoms and diagnosis results of the children, the children were all infected by bacteria (infected group), and healthy children in the same period were selected as normal control group ( n=61). The PCT, CRP, CD64 and IP-10 levels of the two groups were detected.The correlation between the indicators and the diagnostic value of combined detection was analyzed. Results:The PCT levels of the normal control group and infected group were (0.55±0.13)μg/L, (10.81±1.25)μg/L, respectively, and the CRP levels of the normal control group and infected group were (1.85±1.07)mg/L, (15.18±5.05)mg/L, respectively, and the CD64 index of the normal control group and infected group were (4.37±0.51), (9.91±1.62), respectively, and the IP-10 levels of the normal control group and infected group were (0.08±0.01)μg/L, (0.70±0.20)μg/L, respectively, the differences were statistically significant between the two groups( t=63.847, 20.362, 26.040, 24.163, all P<0.001). The levels of PCT, CRP, CD64 and IP-10 in the infection group were higher than those in the normal control group.After treatment, the levels of PCT, CRP, CD64 and IP-10 in the infection group were decreased (all P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis found that PCT and CRP, PCT and CD64, PCT and IP-10, CRP and CD64, CRP and IP-10, CD64 and IP-10 were positively correlated (all P<0.05). The sensitivity, specificity and Yoden index of combined diagnosis were higher than those of single index by ROC. Conclusion:The combined detection of PCT, CRP, CD64 and IP-10 has high sensitivity and specificity.It can be used as an index for the diagnosis of early bacterial infection in children with upper respiratory infectious diseases.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 622-629, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797043

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of tanshinone IIA on neuronal apoptosis in the compressed spinal cord and its molecular mechanism by establishing a spinal cord compression model.@*Methods@#Twenty-four SD rats weighing 250-300 g were the experimental animals. The spinal cord compression model was established by clamping the spinal cord with arterial clamp. Six rats in each group were randomly selected and randomly divided into sham group (Sham group, given intraperitoneal injection of normal saline at the same dose once a day) and spinal cord compression injury group (SCI group, given normal salts). Water intraperitoneal injection, once a day), tanshinone IIA group (TAN group, 30 mg/kg tanshinone IIA intraperitoneal injection, once a day), LY2904002 group (LY group, 0.3 mg/kg LY294002 intraperitoneal injection, 5 min after 30 mg/kg tanshinone IIA intraperitoneal injection, once 1 d). After 3 d of intervention, the motor function of rats were evaluated by inclined plane test and BBB score. The expression of apoptotic genes and PI3K/AKT signaling molecules in the compressed spinal cord were detected by qPCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*Results@#The BBB score 3.31±0.45 points, inclined angle 9.31°±1.02°, GSK-3β 0.35±0.06, CyclinD1 0.25±0.06, Bcl-2 0.38±0.06, p-PI3K 0.32±0.05, p-AKT 0.29±0.07 protein expression in SCI group were lower than those in Sham group. The protein expression of Caspase-9 3.27±0.54 and Caspase-3 2.73±0.35 in SCI group was higher than that in Sham group. The BBB score 9.31±1.02 points, inclined angle 24.95°±3.52°, GSK-3β 0.74±0.09, CyclinD1 0.69±0.11, Bcl-2 0.83±0.13, p-PI3K 0.77±0.11, p-AKT 0.69±0.08 in TAN group were higher than those in SCI group BBB score 3.31 ±0.45 points, inclined angle 9.31°±1.02°, GSK-3β 0.35±0.06, CyclinD1 0.25±0.06, Bcl-2 0.38±0.06, p-PI3K 0.32±0.05, p-AKT 0.29±0.07. The protein expression levels of Caspase-9 1.78±0.22 and Caspase-3 1.64±0.2 in TAN group were lower than those in SCI group 3.27±0.54 and Caspase-3 2.73±0.35. The BBB score, oblique angle and the expression of GSK-3β 0.43±0.07, CyclinD1 0.38±0.06, Bcl-2 0.49±0.09 in LY group were lower than those in TAN group. The protein expression of Caspase-9 2.54±0.38 and Caspase-3 2.25±0.37 in LY group were higher than TAN group.@*Conclusion@#Tanshinone IIA can inhibit the apoptosis of spinal cord tissue and alleviate the spinal cord injury in spinal cord compression rats by activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801343

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the diagnosis and treatment for enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) in China, and to explore the prognostic factors of ECF.@*Methods@#A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted based on the Registration System of Chinese Gastrointestinal Fistula and Intra-Abdominal Infections to collect the clinical data of ECF patients from 54 medical centers in 22 provinces/municipalities from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. The clinical data included patient gender, age, length of hospital stay, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, underlying diseases, primary diseases, direct causes of ECF, location and type of ECF, complications, treatment and outcomes. All medical records were carefully filled in by the attending physicians, and then re-examined by more than two specialists. The diagnosis of ECF was based on the clinical manifestations, laboratory/imaging findings and intraoperative exploration.@*Results@#A total of 1521 patients with ECF were enrolled, including 1099 males and 422 females, with a median age of 55 years. The top three primary diseases of ECF were malignant tumors in 626 cases (41.2%, including 540 gastrointestinal tumors, accounting for 86.3% of malignant tumors), gastrointestinal ulcers and perforations in 202 cases (13.3%), and trauma in 157 cases (10.3%). The direct causes of ECF were mainly surgical operation in 1194 cases (78.5%), followed by trauma in 156 (10.3%), spontaneous fistula due to Crohn′s disease in 92 (6.0%), radiation intestinal injury in 41 (2.7%), severe pancreatitis in 20 (1.3%), endoscopic treatment in 13 (0.9%) and 5 cases (0.3%) of unknown reasons. All the patients were divided into three groups: 1350 cases (88.7%) with simple ECF, 150 (9.9%) with multiple ECF, and 21 (1.4%) with combined internal fistula. Among the patients with simple ECF, 438 cases (28.8%) were jejuno-ileal fistula, 313 (20.6%) colon fistula, 170 (11.2%) rectal fistula, 111 (7.3%) duodenal fistula, 76 (5.0%) ileocecal fistula, 65 (4.3%) ileocolic anastomotic fistula, 55 (3.6%) duodenal stump fistula, 36 (2.4%) gastrointestinal anastomotic fistula, 36 (2.4%) esophagogastric/esophagojejunal anastomotic fistula, 29 (1.9%) gastric fistula and 21 (1.4%) cholangiopancreatiointestinal. Among all the simple ECF patients, 991 were tubular fistula and 359 were labial fistula. A total of 1146 patients finished the treatment, of whom 1061 (92.6%) were healed (586 by surgery and 475 self-healing) and 85 (7.4%) died. A total of 1043 patients (91.0%) received nutritional support therapy, and 77 (6.7%) received fistuloclysis. Infectious source control procedures were applied to 1042 patients, including 711 (62.0%) with active lavage and drainage and 331 (28.9%) with passive drainage. Among them, 841 patients (73.4%) underwent minimally invasive procedures of infectious source control (replacement of drainage tube through sinus tract, puncture drainage, etc.), 201 (17.5%) underwent laparotomy drainage, while 104 (9.1%) did not undergo any drainage measures. A total of 610 patients (53.2%) received definitive operation, 24 patients died within postoperative 30-day with mortality of 3.9% (24/610), 69 (11.3%) developed surgical site infection (SSI), and 24 (3.9%) had a relapse of fistula. The highest cure rate was achieved in ileocecal fistula (100%), followed by rectal fistula (96.2%, 128/133) and duodenal stump fistula (95.7%,44/46). The highest mortality was found in combined internal fistula (3/12) and no death in ileocecal fistula. Univariate prognostic analysis showed that primary diseases as Crohn′s disease (χ2=6.570, P=0.010) and appendicitis/appendiceal abscess (P=0.012), intestinal fistula combining with internal fistula (χ2=5.460, P=0.019), multiple ECF (χ2=7.135, P=0.008), esophagogastric / esophagojejunal anastomotic fistula (χ2=9.501, P=0.002), ECF at ileocecal junction (P=0.012), non-drainage/passive drainage before the diagnosis of intestinal fistula (χ2=9.688, P=0.008), non-drainage/passive drainage after the diagnosis of intestinal fistula (χ2=9.711, P=0.008), complicating with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) (χ2=179.699, P<0.001), sepsis (χ2=211.851, P<0.001), hemorrhage (χ2=85.300, P<0.001), pulmonary infection (χ2=60.096, P<0.001), catheter-associated infection (χ2=10.617, P=0.001) and malnutrition (χ2=21.199, P<0.001) were associated with mortality. Multivariate prognostic analysis cofirmed that sepsis (OR=7.103, 95%CI:3.694-13.657, P<0.001), complicating with MODS (OR=5.018, 95%CI:2.170-11.604, P<0.001), and hemorrhage (OR=4.703, 95%CI: 2.300-9.618, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of the death for ECF patients. Meanwhile, active lavage and drainage after the definite ECF diagnosis was the protective factor (OR=0.223, 95%CI: 0.067-0.745, P=0.015).@*Conclusions@#The overall mortality of ECF is still high. Surgical operation is the most common cause of ECF. Complications e.g. sepsis, MODS, hemorrhage, and catheter-associated infection, are the main causes of death. Active lavage and drainage is important to improve the prognosis of ECF.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801341

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence, diagnosis and treatment of chronic critical illness (CCI) in China.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 472 adult patients admitted to ICU in 53 hospitals, including basic information, disease-related data, nutrition program, etc., were collected on May 10, 2019, by means of multi-center cross-sectional study. If surgical intervention was needed or the occurrence of the disease was directly related to the surgery, ICU patients were regarded as surgical ICU cases (n=211). In this study, the diagnostic criteria for CCI were: (1) admission to ICU >14 days;(2) combined with persistent organ dysfunction. The prevalence,distribution and treatment of CCI and surgery-related CCI were recorded and analyzed. The Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test or Fisher exact test were used for comparative analysis.@*Results@#Among the 472 ICU patients from 53 hospitals, 326 were male (69.1%) and 146 were female (30.9%). The prevalence of CCI was 30.7% (145/472). Among 211 surgery-related ICU patients, 57 developed CCI with a prevalence of 27.0%. As compared to non-CCI patients, higher APACHE II score [median (IQR) 13.5 (10.0, 18.3) vs. 11.0 (7.0, 16.0), U=2970.000, P=0.007], higher Charlson comorbidity index [median (IQR) 4.0 (2.0, 7.0) vs. 3.0 (1.0, 5.0), U= 3570.000, P=0.036] and higher ratio of breath dysfunction [68.4% (39/57) vs. 48.1% (74/154), χ2=6.939, P=0.008] and renal dysfunction [42.1% (24/57) vs. 18.2% (28/154), χ2=12.821, P<0.001] were found in surgery-related CCI patients. While SOFA score, Glasgow coma score and other visceral function were not significantly different between surgery-related CCI and non-CCI patients (all P>0.05). NUTRIC score showed that surgery-related CCI patients had higher nutritional risk [43.9% (25/57) vs. 26.6%(41/154), U=5.750, P=0.016] and higher ratio of mechanical ventilation [66.7% (38/57) vs. 52.3% (79/154), χ2=3.977, P=0.046] than non-CCI patients. On the survey day, the daily caloric requirements of 50.2% (106/211) of surgery-related ICU patients were calculated according to the standard adult caloric intake index (104.6 to 125.5 kJ·kg-1·d-1, 1 kJ=0.239 kcal), and the daily caloric requirements of 46.4% (98/211) of patients were calculated by physicians according to the severity of the patient′s condition. 60.2% (127/211) of nutritional support therapy was enteral nutrition (including a combination of enteral and parenteral nutrition), while the remaining patients received parenteral nutrition (24.6%, 52/211), simple glucose infusion (9.0%, 19/211), or oral diet (6.2%, 13/211). The target calorie of CCI group was 104.6 (87.9, 125.5) kJ·kg-1·d-1, and the actual calorie intake accounted for 0.98 (0.80, 1.00) of the target calory. In the non-CCI group, the target calorie was 104.6 (87.9, 125.5) kJ·kg-1·d-1, and the actual calorie consumed accounted for 0.91 (0.66, 1.00) of the target calorie. There was no statistically significant difference between two groups (P=0.248, P=0.150).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of CCI and surgery-related CCI in ICU is high, along with severe complications, respiratory and renal dysfunction and mechanical ventilation. Surgical patients admitted to ICU are at high nutritional risk, and active and correct nutritional support is essential for such patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735141

ABSTRACT

Reciprocal sharing of medical devices plays a breakthrough point for strengthening medical alliances, while promoting efficiency building is the core work of medical devices sharing as well. Taking this medical alliance as an example, this paper discussed the effective strategies of large medical devices sharing within the medical alliance. The measures taken include basic information research and expert interview, high-level planning, and information platform, as well as incentive protection, effectiveness evaluation and atmosphere construction. These efforts can enhance the service support, satisfaction, inspection income, full usage, work ability, new function extension, and equipment management. Furthermore, it can promote the service ability, telemedicine and hierarchical medical of the medical alliance.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 622-629, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755201

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of tanshinone ⅡA on neuronal apoptosis in the compressed spinal cord and its molecular mechanism by establishing a spinal cord compression model.Methods Twenty-four SD rats weighing 250-300 g were the experimental animals.The spinal cord compression model was established by clamping the spinal cord with arterial clamp.Six rats in each group were randomly selected and randomly divided into sham group (Sham group,given intraperitoneal injection of normal saline at the same dose once a day) and spinal cord compression injury group (SCI group,given normal salts).Water intraperitoneal injection,once a day),tanshinone ⅡA group (TAN group,30 mg/kg tanshinone ⅡA intraperitoneal injection,once a day),LY2904002 group (LY group,0.3 mg/kg LY294002 intraperitoneal injection,5 min after 30 mg/kg tanshinone ⅡA intraperitoneal injection,once 1 d).After 3 d of intervention,the motor function of rats were evaluated by inclined plane test and BBB score.The expression of apoptotic genes and PI3K/AKT signaling molecules in the compressed spinal cord were detected by qPCR,immunohistochemistry and Western blot.Results The BBB score 3.31±0.45 points,inclined angle 9.31°±1.02°,GSK-3β 0.35±0.06,CyclinD1 0.25±0.06,Bcl-2 0.38±0.06,p-PI3K 0.32±0.05,p-AKT 0.29±0.07 protein expression in SCI group were lower than those in Sham group.The protein expression of Caspase-9 3.27±0.54 and Caspase-3 2.73±0.35 in SCI group was higher than that in Sham group.The BBB score 9.31±1.02 points,inclined angle 24.95°±3.52°,GSK-3β 0.74±0.09,CyclinD1 0.69±0.11,Bcl-2 0.83±0.13,p-PI3K 0.77±0.11,p-AKT 0.69±0.08 in TAN group were higher than those in SCI group BBB score 3.31 ±0.45 points,inclined angle 9.31°±1.02°,GSK-3β 0.35±0.06,CyclinD1 0.25±0.06,Bcl-2 0.38±0.06,p-PI3K 0.32±0.05,p-AKT 0.29± 0.07.The protein expression levels of Caspase-9 1.78±0.22 and Caspase-3 1.64±0.2 in TAN group were lower than those in SCI group 3.27±0.54 and Caspase-3 2.73±0.35.The BBB score,oblique angle and the expression of GSK-3β 0.43±0.07,CyclinD1 0.38±0.06,Bcl-2 0.49±0.09 in LY group were lower than those in TAN group.The protein expression of Caspase-9 2.54±0.38 and Caspase-3 2.25±0.37 in LY group were higher than TAN group.Conclusion Tanshinone ⅡA can inhibit the apoptosis of spinal cord tissue and alleviate the spinal cord injury in spinal cord compression rats by activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753483

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of 3d digital reconstruction and printing technology on the teaching of complex orthopedics. Methods A total of 90 interns in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University from September 2016 to September 2017 were selected as research subjects. According to the different teaching methods, they were divided into control group (n=45) and experimental group (n=45). The former received traditional teaching;the latter used three-dimensional digital reconstruction and printing technology to print out complex fracture models of patients, digitally reproduced fracture classification, developed scientific surgical plans through fracture models, and simulated surgical fixation methods. Examination was divided into clinical skills and written exam according to exam outline requirements; Self-cognitive ability score included professional interest, fracture understanding, etc. The satisfaction of the medical students in the experimental group was determined using self-made questionnaires. t test was used to compare data between groups. Results Experimental groups' scores for surgical skills (84.36 ±0.28) and theoretical knowledge (87.55 ±0.44) were higher than the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The professional interest of the experimantal group was higher than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The students' classroom atmosphere was significantly better compared with the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Using 3 d digital reconstruction and printing technology to establish modes in complex orthopedics teaching process can effectively improve interns' surgical skills and theoretical knowledge, and promote student satisfaction.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745471

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture in China.Methods Clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from participating hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistance Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) during January 2014 to December 2015 were collected.Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted with agar dilution or broth dilution methods as recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI)2018.The data were analyzed with Whonet 5.6 software.Results During the study period,4 801 clinical bacterial isolates were collected from 26 hospitals,of which 1 798 (37.5%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 3 003 (62.5%) were gram-negative bacteria.The top 10 isolates were Escherichia coli (33.8%),coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (19.0%),Klebsiella pneumoniae (11.9%),Staphylococcus aureus (10.1%),Acinetobacter baumannii (4.0%),Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.8%),Streptococcus (3.0%),Enterobacter sulcus (2.9%),Enterococcus faecium (2.8%) and Enterococcus faecalis (1.8%).Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillinresistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (MRCNS) accounted for 33.9% (165/487) and 56.9% (520/913) of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus respectively.No vancomycinresistant Staphylococcus was detected.The resistance rate of Enterococcus faecium to vancomycin was 0.7% (1/135),and no vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecaliss was detected.The positive rates of extendedspectrum β-1actamases(ESBLs)-producing Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus were 56.9% (923/1 621),30.1% (172/572) and 29.2% (7/24),respectively.The positive rates of carbapenemresistant Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae,Enterobacter,Salmonella and Citrobacter were 1.2% (20/1 621),7.2% (41/572),4.3% (6/141),1.5% (1/67) and 2.9% (1/34),respectively.The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to polymyxin and tegacycline were 2.6% (5/190) and 8.9% (17/190)respectively,and that of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to polymyxin and fosfomycin were 1.1% (2/183)and 0.6% (1/183),respectively.Conclusions The surveillance results from 2014 to 2015 show that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China are Gram-negative bacteria,while Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen,the detection rate of MRSA is lower than other surveillance data in the same period in China;carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli are at a low level as shown in this surveillance.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807065

ABSTRACT

This paper rounded up the resources and advantages leveraged by the hospital′s burn and plastic surgery department as a national key discipline. The department practiced medical services for chronic wounds in the regional hierarchical medical system for chronic wounds to promote the development medical alliances. IT development of the hierarchical medical network has achieved disease information sharing, namely centralized patients screening, patients referral confirmation, mutual recognition of test results, online consultation and treatment follow-up. Other achievements include standardization of medical criteria for chronic wounds by means of effective integration of resources imbalance within the network and improvement of internal medical regulations; elevation of primary level innovation capacity and services by means of high-caliber specialists working at primary institutions and mutual exchanges in between; effective medical cost control via guarantee system building, thus enhancing the public benefit nature of public hospitals. The paper also probed into problems and solutions expected in the way of promoting the chronic wound hierarchical medical system.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515109

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the chemical constituents from Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill..METHODS The ethyl acetate fraction of 95% ethanol extract of S.chinensis was isolated and purified by silica column and recrystallization,then the structures of obtained compounds were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral data.RESULTS Ten compounds were isolated and identified as dodecane (1),palmitic acid (2),arachidic acid (3),β-sitosterol (4),betulinic acid (5),deoxyschisandrin (6),γ-schizandrin (7),schizandrin C (8),gomisin B (9),schisantherin A (10).CONCLUSION Compounds 1 and 5 are isolated from this plant for the first time.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619171

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of anti-nuclear antibody(ANA) and anti-nuclear antibody spectrum(ANAs) detection.Methods A total of 2 325 patients with or suspected with autoimmune diseases(AID) were enrolled and detected for ANA and ANAs by using indirect immunofluorescence assay(IIF) and linear immunoblot assay(LIA) respectively.All detected results were analyzed.Results Among 2 325 patients,896 cases(38.54%) were positive with ANA,with positive rate of 45.46% in female patients,which was higher than the 18.46% of male patients(P<0.05),and the common fluorescence patterns were nuclear particle pattern,nuclear homogeneous pattern and the nucleolus pattern.816 cases(35.10%) were positive with ANAs,and the positive rates of anti-Sjogren's syndrome(SS)-B antibody,anti Ro-52 antibody and anti SS-A antibody were relatively higher.The consistency rate of the two methods was 91.66%.Conclusion ANA and ANAs detection could be with certain correlation,but might be not completely consistent,detection could improve the detection rate and reduce the missed detection rate.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613361

ABSTRACT

Objective To further understand the diagnosis,clinical features and prognosis of myeloid neoplasms with erythroblast more than 50% of bone marrow(BM) nucleated cells in the WHO Classification(2016) by analyzing the clinical data,diagnosis and prognosis of 3 patients with myeloid leukemia.Methods The ages,medical histories,symptoms and signs,and laboratory examinations from 3 patients with myeloid neoplasms whose erythroblast cells were more than 50% of BM nucleated cells when newly diagnosed were collected.Then,they were diagnosed with the WHO Classification criteria(2008) and the WHO Classification criteria(2016),respectively,and their prognosis was evaluated with the revised International Prognostic Scoring System(IPSS-R).Results According to the WHO Classification criteria(2008),all of 3 patients were diagnosed as acute erythroid leukemia(AEL).However,according to the WHO Classification criteria(2016),2 patients were diagnosed as myelodysplastic syndrome with excess blasts-2(MDS-EB-2),and 1 was diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia(AML) with maturation.Moreover,their prognostic scores were also different.The former two patients were older men with significant dysplasia and complex genetic abnormalities,and had poor prognosis,while the latter was a middle-aged woman with no obvious dysplasia and genetic abnormalities,and had medium prognosis.Conclusion The WHO Classification(2016) is more reasonable than the WHO Classification(2008),which tends to focus more on the different biological characteristics of diseases,and may better distinguish two types of diseases with different clinical features and prognosis.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4106-4108,4109, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605475

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the preventive effect and safety of levetiracetam combined with sodium valproate of diaze-pam on recurrent febrile seizures(FS). METHODS:A total of 90 children with recurrent FS were randomly divided into observa-tion group and control group with 45 cases in each group. Control group was treated with sodium valproate or diazepam orally. On the basis of control group,observation group additionally received levetiracetam orally,with initial dose of 15 mg/kg,bid,for 7 d,and then decreasing gradually;decreasing to 10 mg/kg on 8th-12th day,bid;decreasing to 5 mg/kg on 13th-15th day,bid;drug withdrawal on 16th day. The children of 2 groups were followed up for 1 years,and received routine test every 2 months. The times of fever,the rate of recurrent convulsion,the conversion of epilepsia and the incidence of ADR were recorded in 2 groups during follow-up period. The serum levels of NSE and S-100β protein were determined in 2 groups before treatment and 6 months after treatment. The intelligence and behavior ability of 2 groups were scored by Chinese Modified Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children and Children’s Adaptive Behavior Rating Scale. RESULTS:3 children of observation group and 2 of control group were failure in follow-up. During the follow-up period,fever times and the rate of recurrent convulsion in observation group were signifi-cantly lower than in control group,with statistical significance(P0.05). After treatment,serum levels of NSE and S-100β in 2 groups were decreased significantly,and the observation group was significantly lower than the control group,with statistical signif-icance(P<0.05). To the end of follow-up,verbal IQ,performance IQ and total IQ score of observation group were significantly higher than those of control group,and the cognition factor,social factor and behavior ability scores of observation group were sig-nificantly higher than those of control group,with statistical significance (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Levetiracetam combined with sodium valproate or diazepam can prevent the occurrence of recurrent FS,relieve cerebral injury and improve the intelligence and behavior ability of the children,so as to improve the life quality of Children.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 440-444, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502548

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the reason of skin flap necrosis caused by vascular crisis of reverse island flap of forearm posterior interosseous artery.Methods Eight-six patients who were underwent reverse island flap of forearm interosseous posterior artery for deep tissues and skin defect on the back of hand between March,2002 and April,2014 were analyzed in this study.Eleven patients had occurred skin flap necrosis,include 5 cases had completely flap necrosis caused by circulation crisis,and 6 cases had partial necrosis at the distal of the flap.Among the necrosis cases,5 cases were injured by the machine injury,4 cases by the heavy crush and 2 cases by the traffic accident.The cause of circulation crisis was analyzed.Results In the series,75 skin flaps survived completely and 11 cases had occurred necrosis,included completely necrosis with 5 cases.The reasons of flap crisis were as follows:for the completely necrosis,2 cases with variation of perforating branch of posterior interosseous artery,1 case with absence of posterior interosseous artery,1 case with vessel pedicel entrapment in subcutaneous tunnel,and 1 case with misconduct venous congestion caused by the reverse perfusion of superficial vein.The reason of circulation crisis of completely necrosis were as follows:2 cases with artery crisis and 3 of them with distortion of entrapment at pedicel and vein crisis.One case was cured through debridement,change of medical prescription and skin grafting;and 4 cases were cured with other flap repair technique.For the partial necrosis,2 cases with variation of perforating branch of posterior interosseous artery,1 case with excessively narrow entrapment at pedicel in subcutaneous tunnel,1 case with folding vessel pedicel entrapment of skin at the back of wrist,1 case with misconduct of superficial vein trunk and 1 case with intraoperative side-injury.The symptoms of circulation crisis of completely necrosis were as follows:2 cases with artery crisis and 4 of them with distortion of entrapment at pedicel and vein crisis.Four cases were cured through debridement and skin grafting,1 case was cured by the vacuum-sealing drainage (VSD) and 1 case with skin flap repair at pedicle of abdomen.Conclusion The anatomic variation of perforator vessel of reverse island flap of forearm posterior interosseous artery;narrow entrapment at pedicel in subcutaneous tunnel and distortion of entrapment at pedicel;venous congestion caused by the reverse perfusion of superficial vein;intraoperative side-injury of the pedicel of the flap;excessively folding vessel pedicel entrapment of skin at the back of wrist after surgery will cause the circulation crisis of reverse island flap of forearm posterior interosseous artery and induce the necrosis of the skin flap.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL