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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881086

ABSTRACT

Natural product bufotenine (5) which could be isolated from Venenum Bufonis, has been widely used as a tool in central nervous system (CNS) studies. We present here its quaternary ammonium salt (6) which was synthesized with high yields using 5-benzyloxyindole as raw materials, and we firstly discover its analgesic effects in vivo. The analgesic evaluation showed that compounds 5 and 6 had stronger effects on the behavior of formalin induced pain in mice. Moreover, the combination of compound 6 and morphine has a synergistic effect. We intended to explain the molecular mechanism of this effect. Therefore, 36 analgesic-related targets (including 15 G protein-coupled receptors, 6 enzymes, 13 ion channels, and 2 others) were systemically evaluated using reverse docking. The results indicate that bufotenine and its derivatives are closely related to acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) or α

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate systematically the efficacy and safety of COVID-19 vaccines.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrial.gov, CNKI, Wanfang Data, China Biomedical Literature Service System, and China Clinical Trial Registry were searched for randomized controlled trials of COVID-19 vaccines published up to December 31, 2020. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to assess the quality of studies. A qualitative analysis was performed on the results of clinical trials.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen randomized, blinded, controlled trials, which involved the safety and efficacy of 11 COVID-19 vaccines, were included. In 10 studies, the 28-day seroconversion rate of subjects exceeded 80%. In two 10 000-scale clinical trials, the vaccines were effective in 95% and 70.4% of the subjects, respectively. The seroconversion rate was lower than 60% in only one study. In six studies, the proportion of subjects who had an adverse reaction within 28 days after vaccination was lower than 30%. This proportion was 30%-50% in two studies and > 50% in the other two studies. Most of the adverse reactions were mild to moderate and resolved within 24 hours after vaccination. The most common local adverse reaction was pain or tenderness at the injection site, and the most common systemic adverse reaction was fatigue, fever, or bodily pain. The immune response and incidence of adverse reactions to the vaccines were positively correlated with the dose given to the subjects. The immune response to the vaccines was worse in the elderly than in the younger population. In 6 studies that compared single-dose and double-dose vaccination, 4 studies showed that double-dose vaccination produced a stronger immune response than single-dose vaccination.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most of the COVID-19 vaccines appear to be effective and safe. Double-dose vaccination is recommended. However, more research is needed to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of the vaccines and the influence of dose, age, and production process on the protective efficacy.


Subject(s)
Aged , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , China , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines
3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 270-274, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862425

ABSTRACT

@#The good effect of refractive cataract surgery depends on a variety of factors, mainly including accuratebiometrics before surgery and accurate calculation of intraocular lens(IOL)power. The accuracy of intraocular biometrics with abnormal eyes axis before surgery is lower. Moreover, compared with the normal eyes axis, the error of postoperative refractive state prediction is larger, which brings great challenges to obtaining the best postoperative visual quality. Recently, new optical biometrics have been used clinically, and individualized IOL power calculation formulas have been developed and applied, which makes the choice of intraocular lens power more accurate. This article reviews the latest research progress on the measurement of eye parameters and the selection of IOL power calculation formula in patients with abnormal axial cataract in the past 3a, in order to provide reference for clinical application.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827191

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of the expression alteration of Tim-3 with the T cell and B cell dysfunction in peripheral blood of multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#30 patients diagnosed as MM from October 2016 to October 2018 were selected and enrolled in MM group, and 30 healthy persons whose sex and age was matched with the MM patients were selected and enrolled in healthy control group (HC). The blood samples from MM patients and HC were collected, and the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were separated by density gradient centrifugation, then the serum was kept for further study. The ratios of CD3CD4Tim-3T cells, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells and the CD19+CD20-CD38+B cells were analysed by flow cytometry (FCM),and the concentration of T cell-related cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-αand B cell-related antibodies IgA, IgM and IgG were measured by ELISA. At the same time, the differences of the ratios of CCD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells and plasmablast and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG between the MM patient and HC were estimated, and the correlation of the ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells with the ratio of plasmablast and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG in MM patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells increased in MM patients, while the ratio of CD19+CD20- CD38+B cells and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG decreased in MM patients. And there was a negative correlation of the ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T cells with CD19+CD20-CD38+B cells and the concentration of IFN-γ, IgA, IgM and IgG in MM patients, while the ratio of CD3CD8Tim-3T cells just negatively correlated with the concentration of TNF-α.@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of Tim-3 on CD4 and CD8 cells elevates in the peripheral blood of MM patients, which also correlates with the function suppression of T and B cells.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Metabolism , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Multiple Myeloma
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793060

ABSTRACT

To investigate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)quantitative parameters in the diagnosis of thyroid benign and malignant nodules. The CEUS features of 85 histopathologically confirmed thyroid nodules were quantitatively analyzed using five parameters including rising time(RT),time to peak(TTP),area under the curve(AUC),maximum intensity(Imax),and mean transit time(mTT).The dynamic vascular pattern(DVP)curves were also drawn. The Imax(=-7.08,=0.01)and AUC(=-2.03,=0.04)of thyroid malignant nodules were significantly smaller than those of thyroid tissue,and the Imax(=-1.35,=0.02)and AUC(=-0.21,=0.02)of thyroid benign nodules were significantly larger than those of thyroid tissue.There were significant differences between thyroid benign and malignant nodules in Imax(=-4.16,=0.00),AUC(=-3.01,=0.01),and DVP curve types(=0.00).RT(=-0.28,=0.62),TTP(=-0.10,=0.89),and mTT(=-0.79,=0.05)were not significantly different between thyroid benign and malignant nodules. The quantitative parameters of CEUS,especially Imax and AUC parameters,are valuable in the diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846472

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the multi compound-target-pathway mechanism of Renshen Baidu Powder (RSBDS) in the treatment of COVID-19 from cytokine perspective. Methods: The active compounds of RSBDS were collected by TCMSP and the cytokine storm related targets were collected by the drug target database. The interaction network of RSBDS on single drug-active compounds-targets was established by Cytoscape. The interaction network, GO function and KEGG pathway of the targets were analyzed by String and DAVID databases. Results: The interaction network of RSBDS on single drug-active compounds-targets included 10 kinds of medicinal materials, 211 active compounds and 151 disease targets. Interaction network showed that the targets related to the inhibition to cytokine storm of RSBDS on COVID-19 might include STAT3, MAPK1, NFκB1, PIK3CA, MAPK3, TNF, CXCR4, VEGFA, IL-6, IL-2, etc. GO function showed that above targets in biological function involved chemotaxis and steroid metabolism; Molecular function entries involved heme binding, iron ion binding and oxygen binding; Cell composition entries involved cell surface and cell membrane. KEGG pathway showed that above targets participated in the regulation of Chagas disease, HIF-1 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, etc. Conclusion: The multi compound-target-pathways effect of RSBDS on COVID-19 was realized by inhibiting cytokine storm, which through regulating chemotaxis, increasing blood oxygen saturation, inhibiting STAT, MAPK, NFκB, PIK3K and IL-6 signal pathways.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843220

ABSTRACT

Objective : To explore the relationship between blood glucose and arteriosclerosis with cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as the indicator of arteriosclerosis. Methods ¡¤ From 2016 to 2018, a total of 8 547 participants aged 18 years and above who completed physical examinations in the Physical Examination Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were selected to collect CAVI and other relevant biochemical indicators. Based on fast blood glucose (FBG) and history of diabetes, the subjects were divided into normal blood glucose group and hyperglycemia group. The 1:1 propensity score matching was used to match the gender, age, blood pressure, blood li-pids, and body mass index to balance the covariates between the groups. The matched data were analyzed by Logistic regression and restricted cubic spline (RCS) to explore the relationship and the dose-effect relationship between FBG and CAVI. Results ¡¤ A total of 1 463 pairs com-pleted propensity score matching, and the covariates between the two groups were balanced after matching. Logistic regression analysis showed that hyperglycemia was a risk factor of CAVI (OR=1.63, 95% CI 1.36-1.95). The RCS curve of FBG and CAVI abnormal risk showed an up-ward trend, i.e., as FBG increased, the risk of CAVI abnormalities increased. Conclusion ¡¤ As the fasting blood glucose increases, the risk of arteriosclerosis also increases.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2298-2305, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829377

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumor is a disease that severely threaten human health. Common chemotherapeutical drugs currently used in clinical practice have some problems in severe side effects and chemoresistance. In contrast, natural venom peptides and artificially designed targeting peptides have excellent biological activities and potential druggability due to their small molecular weights and high affinity to tumor tissues. Thus, the methods for the discovery of anti-tumor peptides have attracted much attention. In this paper, we summarized the types of anti-tumor peptides from recent literatures. Then, we systematically reviewed screening theories, methods and applications based on traditional chromatographic separation, peptidomics, phage display, phenotypic screening, and artificial intelligence. These strategies and technologies will provide a methodological reference for accelerating anti-tumor peptides research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness of periodontal endoscope as an adjuvant therapy for the non-surgical periodontal treatment of patients with severe and generalized periodontitis.@*METHODS@#Patients (n=13) were divided into three groups: patients treated with conventional subgingival scaling and root planing (SRP) (n=7, 408 sites) (group A), SRP using periodontal endoscope (n=4, 188 sites) (group B) or SRP with periodontal endoscope 3 months after initial SRP (n=2, 142 sites) (group C). Two subgroups were divided into 2 subgroups according to PD at the baseline: 46 mm as subgroup 2. Probing depth (PD), attachment loss (AL), gingival recession (GR) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded.@*RESULTS@#The results of 3 months after treatment showed all PD, AL, and GR values in group A1 were less than those in group B1 (P6 mm, the application of periodontal endoscopy can increase the effect, reducing PD and GR, which may be an effective supplement to the current non-surgical periodontal treatment.


Subject(s)
Dental Scaling , Endoscopes , Follow-Up Studies , Gingival Hemorrhage , Humans , Periodontal Attachment Loss , Periodontal Index , Periodontal Pocket , Periodontitis , Root Planing , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787542

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Emergency medical service system (EMSS) in China is becoming more important. However, studies on mortality of emergency departments (EDs) patients in tertiary hospitals and on the trends in mortality of ED patients all over China are stagnant. The objective of this study was to quantify and describe the trends in mortality of ED patients in China.@*METHODS@#Nine tertiary teaching hospitals were selected from tertiary teaching hospitals in different regions. The annual numbers of ED visits and deaths of these hospitals in 2004, 2009 and 2014 were recorded and analyzed. Chi-square test was used to compare the mortality of the EDs' visits. Moreover, data on the mortality of ED patients in China from 2005 to 2015 were summarized and analyzed from the China Health and Family Planning Statistical Yearbooks (2006–2016).@*RESULTS@#From 2004 to 2014, the overall annual mortalities in EDs increased among the tertiary hospitals (P<0.001). However, the overall annual mortality in EDs all over China decreased from 0.12% in 2005 to 0.08% in 2015. And the mortalities of EDs patients in the eastern, central and western regions of China all decreased. In addition, the average mortality of EDs patients in northern China was obviously higher than that in southern China (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The ED mortality was increased in tertiary hospitals while decreased all over China during the past decade, which may be partly caused by some critical challenges faced by China's EMSS, such as overcrowding and long length of stay in EDs of tertiary hospitals.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1053-1057, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship of PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway protein expression with apoptosis and drug-resistance of children's ALL primary cells treated with daunorubicin (DNR).@*METHODS@#The bone marrow mononuclear cells in newly diagnosed and untreated B-ALL children were collected and cultured. After the treatment of primary-cultured cells with DNR of final concentration 0.5 mg/L for 24 h, the cell apoptosis rate was detected by using cell apoptosis assay kit; the samples were collected at the on test of culture and after drug treatment, then expression levels of PTEN, PI3K and AKT proteins were detected by Western blot, moreover the interindex correlation was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After DNR treatment, the apoptosis rate in PTEN low expression group was lower than that in PTEN high expression group (P<0.05), showing high positive correlation of the cell apoptosis rate with the expression of PTEN before DNR treatment; the cell apoptosis rate in PI3K and AKT low expression group was higher than that in PI3K and AKT high expression group (P<0.01); however, the expression of PI3K and AKT proteins was down-regulated after treatment with DNR (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The difference of PTEN expression is present in primary cells of B-ALL children, however the change of PTEN expression is not significant after DNR treatment, suggesting that the PTEN expression correlates with DNR-resistance. The DNR can induce the apoptosis of childrens B-ALL primary cells by down-regulating the expression of PI3K and AKT signaling pathway proteins.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Child , Daunorubicin , Humans , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Signal Transduction
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1212-1217, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771235

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies on whether or not levosimendan improved the prognosis of patients with sepsis and septic shock have been inconsistent. We aimed to provide an updated analysis of the therapeutic value of levosimendan in adult patients with sepsis and septic shock, in order to provide evidence-based medical evidence for its use.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang Data, and CNKI were searched until August 2018 without language restriction. Randomized controlled studies of levosimendan with either inotropic drugs or placebo for the treatment of sepsis or septic shock were enrolled. The primary outcome was mortality, and cardiac index and serum lactate levels were the secondary outcomes.@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 randomized controlled studies were included in this meta-analysis, including 1467 patients, with 738 patients in the experimental group (levosimendan group) and 729 patients in the control group (other inotropic drugs or placebo). There were no significant differences in mortality between the levosimendan and control groups (fixed-effect relative risk [RR] = 0.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.79, 1.03], P = 0.13). Levosimendan increased the cardiac index (VMD [weighted mean difference] = 0.51, 95% CI [0.06, 0.95], P = 0.02); and serum lactate levels were lower (VMD = -1.04, 95% CI [-1.47, -0.60], P < 0.00001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on current clinical evidence, levosimendan does not reduce mortality in adult critically ill patients with sepsis and septic shock. Physicians should use levosimendan with caution in patients with sepsis and septic shock.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774567

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to observe the effect of baicalin on the growth state of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder animal model and its regulation on Ca MKⅡand ERK1/2.In the present study,a total of 40 SHR rats were randomly divided into model group,methylphenidate hydrochloride group,and low,medium,and high dose baicalin groups,with 8 rats in each group.Eight WKYrats were selected as a normal control group.The methylphenidate hydrochloride group(0.07 g·L~(-1))and the low(3.33 g·L~(-1)),medium(6.67 g·L~(-1)),and high dose(10 g·L~(-1))baicalin groups received corresponding drugs by gavage administration according to the body weight(0.015 m L·g~(-1)),while the normal group and the model group received the same volume of normal saline by gavage.Thegavage administration lasted for 4 weeks,twice a day.The body weight of the rats and the amount of remaining feed were weighed daily,and the growth state of the rats was statistically evaluated weekly.Percoll density gradient centrifugation was used to prepare brain synaptosomes and an electron microscope was used to observe their structures.The Ca MKⅡand ERK1/2 protein and mRNA expression levels were detected with Western blot and Real-time PCR methods,respectively.RESULTS: showed that baicalin did not affect the normal eating and weight gain of rats,and the weight gain of rats was even more significant than that in the normal group(P<0.05).In the study of its effects on Ca MKⅡand ERK1/2 protein expression in rat synaptosomes,the expression of both proteins in each drug-administered group was higher than that in the model group(P<0.05);besides,the expression levels of Ca MKⅡand ERK1/2 protein were significantly increased in both baicalin high dose group and the methylphenidate hydrochloride group(P<0.05).The relative expression of Ca MKⅡand ERK1/2 mRNA in synaptosome was detected by PCR.The results showed that medium and high doses of baicalin and methylphenidate hydrochloride significantly increased the relative expression of Ca MKⅡand ERK1/2 mRNA in synaptosomes of SHR rats(P<0.05).In conclusion,baicalin does not affect the normal growth and development of SHR rats,so it is safe for administration.Both baicalin and methylphenidate hydrochloride could up-regulate the relative expression of Ca MKⅡand ERK1/2 in mRNA and protein,and the pharmacodynamic stability of baicalin is in a dose-dependent manner to certain extent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Disease Models, Animal , Flavonoids , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773721

ABSTRACT

Decoction pieces are important raw materials in the production of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM),and their quality could directly affect the clinical efficacy and medication safety. Research on the production and processing technology of TCM is the basis for the normalization and standardization of Chinese medicine decoction pieces. At present,the production and processing standards for Scutellaria baicalensis pieces are non-regulated,lacking data foundation. In this study,with baicalin,baicalein,wogonoside and wogonin contents as evaluation indicators,single factor experiment was designed to optimize the softening,drying and cutting processes of S. baicalensis,providing a basis for the standardization of their production and processing. The effects of different softening,drying and cutting processes on the contents of the main components in S. baicalensis were comprehensively analyzed by the summation of relative differences. RESULTS:: showed that the contents of the four components and comprehensive indexes were affected by different softening methods and drying temperatures. The content of wogonin in boiling method was higher than that in boiling with cold water,and the content of glycosides in 70 ℃ drying condition was higher than that in other groups. The content of baicalin was significantly affected by different cutting thicknesses,but not by comprehensive index. Eventually,the optimal preparation process for S. baicalensis was determined as follows: boiled in boiling water for 20 min,cut into thin slices( 1-2 mm),and then dried at 70 ℃ in blast drier. This process was close to the actual production,practical and feasible and meanwhile,it was of great significance to improve the quality of S. baicalensis pieces.


Subject(s)
Desiccation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Flavonoids , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Scutellaria baicalensis , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773185

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the safety of heavy metals contaminated Astragalus membranaceus,an appropriate protocol was established to study the heavy metals pollution level by health risk assessment. This study provided a detailed procedure to assess the medicinal herbs in quality control and safety evaluation,and expected to create awareness among the public on the safety of consuming of A. membranaceus or any other kinds of medicinal herbs. The heavy metals content of Cu,As,Cd,Pb and Hg in a total of 45 batches of A. membranaceus were carefully analyzed with a developed inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry( ICP-MS). Besides,the heavy metal contamination level was further evaluated through 4 main assessment parameters,including maximum residue limit( MRL) set by International Standard Organization,estimated daily intake( EDI) set by IUPAC,target hazard quotients( THQ) and Total THQ set by USEPA and total THQs in raw herbs of A. membranaceus. In addition,the recommended MRLs of 5 main heavy metals aimed to A. membranaceus were calculated based on the regulated consumption quantity. The result showed that,under the ISO international standard of Chinese medicine-Chinese herbal medicine heavy metals,the unqualified rate was 8. 89% for A. membranaceus,which including 4 batches of A. membranaceus exceeded the MRL of As. Here,the standard THQ value of A. membranaceus was firstly proposed as 0. 02 and 0. 011 25 for adults and children,respectively,which were calculated with the recommended consumption quantity of 30 g and 9 g for adults and children. Furthermore,the values of THQ for As and total THQs in adults and children were exceeded the standard THQ in A. membranaceus,and the recommended MRLs of Pb,Cd,Hg and Cu in above medicinal materials that calculated based on health risk assessment model were higher than the regulated MRLs that set by ISO and Chinese Pharmacopeia. The research showed that the contents of heavy metals in A. membranaceus were not in the safe range and the certain non-carcinogenic risks to human body cannot be neglected. Based on above investigation result,it is easily known that the common evaluation method for raw herbs based on the comparison of MRL of heavy metals was not precise enough,and the international model of health risk assessment should be built for each medicinal herb. Above all,this study provided a more realistic research approach for safety evaluation of any other kinds of heavy metals contaminated medicinal herbs,including the establishment of heavy metals standard limit in a specified medicinal herb under recommended consumption quantity,and it is expected to create awareness among the public on the safety of consuming any other medicinal herbs.


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , Chemistry , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Humans , Metals, Heavy , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Risk Assessment
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773176

ABSTRACT

To establish a quality constant evaluation system of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces,in order to provide reference for regulating the market circulation of this decoction pieces. A total of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were collected from different pharmaceutical factories,and the morphological parameters of each sample were tested. The content of alisol B 23-acetate in Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was determined by HPLC in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the parameters such as quality constant and relative quality constant were calculated. The quality constant range of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was 0. 390-2. 076. If 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were divided into 3 grades,taking 80% of the maximum quality constant as first grade,50% to 80% as second grade,and the rest as third grade,then the quality constant of firstgrade samples was ≥1. 66,the quality constant of second-grade samples was ≥1. 04 and <1. 66,and the quality constant of third-grade samples was <1. 04. The established quality constant evaluation method is objective and feasible,which can be used to classify the grade of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces and provide a reference method to control the quality of this decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Alisma , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773174

ABSTRACT

Grade of Chinese medicine slices is the most clear and most direct way to characterize the quality of Chinese medicine slices,also the basis of realizing " good quality and good prices",and it can guarantee the industry health development. Therefore,grade evaluation of Chinese medicine slices( GECMS) is highly valued and has grown rapidly in the industry. In recent years,due to the comprehensive and measureable features,the Chinese medicine quality constant evaluation method has been gradually recognized and applied.The paper is to establish a method of grades evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle( GRRPCM) based on the Chinese medicine quality constant. 20 batches of samples were collected from Chinese herbal slices enterprises and 14 batches of qualified samples were selected to determine their external morphological indexes and inner quality indexes,then their Chinese medicine quality constants were calculated and the grades were determined. The results revealed that the relative quality constant of these samples ranged from 0. 70 to 14. 08,with a percentage quality constant from 4. 95 to 100. 00. If these samples were divided into three grades: the relative quality constant shall be ≥11. 27 or percentage quality constant ≥80. 03 for the first grade; the relative quality constant shall be <11. 27 but ≥7. 04,or percentage quality constant <80. 03 and ≥49. 99 for the second grade; while for the third grade,the relative quality constant shall be <7. 04 or the percentage quality constant <49. 99. This research indicates that Chinese quality constant can be used to objectively grade the herbal slices,providing reference for grades standard development of complex processing slices. In addition,the connotation of GECMS that has evaluate the mass discrepancy is discussed for expanding application.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773172

ABSTRACT

The grade of Gastrodia elata pieces is evaluated by quality constant evaluation method.Fifteen batches of G. elata pieces collected were measured for their appearance and morphological indexes. The contents of gastrodin,p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol,barrisoside A,B and E were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standards were combined with modern quality control indicators,and the quality constants were calculated to grade the pieces.The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of G. elata ranged between 143. 3 and 1 027. 3. If the percentage mass constant( ≥80%) was the first grade,the percentage mass constant between 50%-80% indicated the second grade,and the remaining percentage mass constant indicated the third grade. The quality constant of the first gradepieces was sality,that of the second grade pieces ranged between 513. 0-821. 0,and that of the third grade pieces was <513. 0. On the basis of the study for the grading method of quality constants,and the natural morphology and cutting characteristics of the pieces,a grading model for the quality constants of the pieces cut along texture was established,which made the method scientific,rational as well as " personalized". The model method is applied in grading G. elata pieces,so as to specify the grading method,further enrich the study data of the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces and provide a useful reference for the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces. Meanwhile,the grading method of mass constants could be further applied and promoted to prove its rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Quality Control
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773171

ABSTRACT

Quality constant is a kind of grading evaluation method of traditional Chinese medicine pieces based on the combination of traditional knowledge and modern quality control. This method has been successfully applied in the grading evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces and traditional Chinese medicine pieces,and with a positive influence in the industry. With Dachuanxiong Formula for example,different grades of Ligusticum chuanxiong and Gastrodia elata pieces formed high-quality,moderate and qualified Dachuanxiong Formula on the basis of the grading evaluation of the pieces,and the pharmacodynamics method was used to evaluate its efficacy. The results showed that the maximum vascular diastolic rates of Dachuanxiong Formula in the three grades were( 80. 3±5. 2) %,( 67. 0±6. 1) %and( 60. 3±6. 5) %,and the strength of pharmacodynamics was positively correlated with the grade of L. chuanxiong and G. elata pieces.The quality constant technique can objectively and quantitatively classify single decoctions,and has important correlations and prompts for the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions composed of these pieces,with important significance in promoting hierarchical management of the industry,implementing better price for high quality and defining high quality and superior effect.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Ligusticum , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773138

ABSTRACT

In this study,the protein in different Cordyceps samples,which include fresh sample( S1),22 ℃ drying sample( S2),37 ℃ drying sample( S3) and 60 ℃ drying sample( S4),were analyzed by sodium dodecylsupinate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis( SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional electrophoresis( 2-DE). The total protein contents in Cordyceps samples were from 1. 655-4. 493 mg·g~(-1) and the protein contents in fresh sample was the highest. The results of SDS-PAGE showed that the mainly ranges of protein molecular weight of Cordyces samples were 10-100 kDa and the numbers of protein bands were 28 to 41,the fresh sample had the maximum number of protein bands. The 2-DE profiles were analyzed by PDQuest software. The resulted indicated that 488-876 protein spots were detected in different Cordyceps samples and the isoelectric point( pI) was distributed between 4. 5 and 6. 5,the protein molecular weight was distributed in 10-20 kDa and 25-100 kDa,the fresh sample had the maximum number of protein spots. Therefore,the drying process could decrease contents and species of protein in Cordyceps,and the different drying conditions had different effects on protein. These results provide a reference for improving the drying process of Cordyceps.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Chemistry , Desiccation , Methods , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fungal Proteins , Molecular Weight
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