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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the hub differentially expressed genes(DEGs)of glomerular pathological changes and potential pathways in molecular process of type 2 diabetic nephropathy(DN)based on bioinformatics technology.Methods:The differentially expressed genes of Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO)dataset GSE96804 in DN and normal kidney tissues were analyzed by R 3.6.2 software. DEGs were further assessed by Gene Ontology(GO)function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)signal pathway analysis. Subsequently, the hub genes and their associated pathways were analyzed using String 11.0 and Cytoscape 3.7.2 software.Results:A total of 168 DEGs were obtained in the dataset. Among them, seven hub genes were identified, including ALB, FN1, EGF, PTGS2, PLG, KDR, and LOX. Three hub genes, ALB, EGF, PLG, exerted a direct action on glomerulus. GO enrichment analysis of DEGs was mainly manifested in extracellular matrix organization, extracellular structure organization, platelet degranulation and other biological processes, extracellular matrix, secretory granule lumen, platelet alpha granule and other cell components, chaperone binding, copper ion binding, antioxidant activity, and other molecular functions. DEGs mainly regulated metabolic process, which was related to fatty acid degradation signal pathway, exogenous substance metabolism related to CYP enzyme and drug metabolism signal pathway.Conclusion:A bioinformatics analysis of DN from the perspective of glomerulopathy is helpful to understand the potential molecular mechanism of DN and provide reference for further validation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711313

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of radiofrequency-induced hyperthermia on the morphology of articular cartilage and any changes in serum-1 interleukin-1 (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the process of knee osteoarthritis in rabbits.Methods Fifty-four male rabbits were selected and knee osteoarthritis was introduced to their right hind limbs using the modified Huhh model.They were then randomly divided into a model group,a cervus and cucumis polypeptide (CCP) group and a radiofrequency thermotherapy (RT) group,each of 18.The CCP group was injected with deer melon peptide intramuscularly.The RT group was given radiofrequency hyperthermia treatment.The model group was not provided with any special treatment.On the 7th,13th and 19th day of the treatment,6 rabbits in each group were sacrificed to resect the right medial femoral condyle cartilage.The morphological characteristics of the cartilage were evaluated using the modified Mankins score,while the content of IL-1βand TNF-α in the serum were detected using enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assays (ELISAs).Results At the same time points,the average Mankins score and the average content of IL-1βand TNF-α in the serum of the model group were significantly higher than in the CCP group,with the values in the latter group significantly higher than in the RT group.In the RT group,the average Mankins score,as well as the IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha levels in the serum,decreased significantly with longer treatment.Conclusion Radiofrequency-induced hyperthermia is superior to deer melon polypeptide in treating knee osteoarthritis,at least in rabbits.Its therapeutic mechanism may be related to the control of serum IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha levels.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711265

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of radiofrequency heating on type Ⅱ collagen expression in a rabbit model of osteoarthritis.Methods Knee osteoarthritis was induced in the right hind legs of 54 male rabbits using modified Hulth modeling.The rabbits were randomly divided into a model group which was not given any special treatment,a Lugua polypeptide group and a radiofrequency hyperthermia group.The Lugua polypeptide group was injected with Lugua polypeptide;the radiofrequency hyperthermia group was treated with radiofrequency irradiation.Six,12 and 18 days after the treatment,the morphological condition of the rats' right femoral medial condyle cartilages were evaluated using modified Mankins scoring and the type Ⅱ collagen content of the cartilage was detected using a quantitative PCR technique.Results At the same time points after treatment,the average Mankins scores were decreased in all the 3 groups,with that of the model group was significantly higher than those of both of the other groups,and the radiofrequency hyperthermia group's average score was significantly better than that of the Lugua polypeptide group.The average type Ⅱ collagen content was significantly increased in all the 3 groups to various extent (the radiofrequency hyperthermia group > Lugua polypeptide group > model group).For the radiofrequency hyperthermia group,the average Mankins score decreased significantly and the average type Ⅱ collagen content increased significantly as the treatment continued.Conclusion Radiofrequency hyperthermia is superior to Lugua polypeptide for treating knee osteoarthritis,at least in rabbits.Its therapeutic effectiveness may be related to a significant increase of type Ⅱ collagen in the cartilage.

4.
Tumor ; (12): 1122-1126, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849127

ABSTRACT

Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a major non-transmembrane protein tyrosinephosphatase and plays an important role in signaling pathway. PTP1B also acts as an essential regulatorin numerous physiological processes and it has a vital role in cell growth, differentiation, metabolism,migration, gene transcription and apoptosis through modulating intracellular tyrosine phosphorylation.Evidence has demonstrated that PTP1B is associated with tumor. Although many conflicting resultssuggested that PTP1B has two contradictory effects (supressing or promoting ) on tumor, the real effectdepends on the substrate involved and the cellular context. This review describes different mechanismsof PTP1B in tumorigenesis and progression in breast cancer, colon cancer, hepatic carcinoma, lymphoma,ovarian cancer, esophageal cancer, prostate cancer and gastric cancer. These results further theunderstanding of PTP1B function and highlight the great prospective of PTP1B inhibitors in tumor therapy. Copyright© 2011 by TUMOR.

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