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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920475

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current situation and associated factors of primary and middle school students screen time and related eye hygiene in different periods before and after COVID-19 were investigated, so as to provide a scientific basis for taking targeted measures of preventing and controlling myopia among those students.@*Methods@#A total of 11 402 students were selected from 24 primary schools, 18 junior high schools and 16 high schools by multi stage stratified cluster sampling method. And a questionnaire survey was conducted among students and their parents to understand students screen time and screen hygiene behaviors and related factors in different periods before and after the outbreak of COVID-19.@*Results@#The rate of screen overuse was 7.26%, 9.12% and 35.30% during school days, weekends and home study, respectively. The overuse rate of mobile phones and tablets at home increases with the increase of school stage. Totally 16.30% of students use mobile phones for online learning. The screen overuse rate of those who have not been diagnosed with myopia was lower than that of those who have been diagnosed during home study( OR=0.77, P <0.05). The higher the parents educational level was, the lower the screen overuse rate of children during the weekends became( P <0.05). In any period, the high proportion of screens used in homework and poor home screen eye environment increased the risk of screen overuse and poor eye hygiene ( P <0.05). Parental good behavior was conducive to reducing the risk( OR= 0.65-0.97, P <0.05). When the family had regulation on the screen use time, the implementation of laxity would increase the risk of screen overuse ( OR=1.18-2.48, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The screen overuse rate of urban primary and middle school students during home study is high, and a certain proportion of students still use mobile phones for online learning. The proportion of screens used in homework, home screen eye environment and screen use management are related to screens overuse. More attention should be paid to those with myopia and low educational level of parents.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 646-649, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between shift work and type 2 diabetes in oil workers. METHODS: A total of 2 666 oil workers in an oil group were selected as the study subjects using the typical sampling method. Questionnaire survey was conducted by a self-designed Questionnaire of Health Assessment for Oil Workers, and blood glucose level was measure. RESULTS: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the study subjects was 10.1%(268/2 666). The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in shift workers was higher than that in non-shift workers(13.1% vs 6.0%, P<0.01). After adjusting for the influence of confounding factors such as gender, body mass index, family history of diabetes, history of hypertension, history of hyperlipidemia, and physical exercise, multivariate logistic regression analysis results show that the longer the shift work length, the higher the risk of developing type 2 diabetes(P<0.01), workers with shift work(3 shifts in a day, 2 shifts operating) had a higher risk of type 2 diabetes than that in non-shift workers(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The shift work length and shift workers with 3 shifts in a day, 2 shifts operating can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes in oil workers.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696683

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of a color jaundice card (6 colors) as a possible screening tool for detecting neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.Methods During February 1,2016 and May 31,2017,neonates were enrolled in the study,with gestational age ≥35 weeks,birth weight ≥2 000 g,postnatal age 3-28 days,who were the outpatients or inpatients of the 9th People's Hospital of Wuxi Affiliated to Soochow University and the People's Hospital of Anyang.In a well-lighted room,the card measurements were performed at the infants' forehead,the cheek and the sternum.The skin was pressed with a finger for 2 seconds and left quickly,and then the card was used to compare with the exposed yellow skin.Within 2 hours after jaundice card measurement,blood was obtained by venipuncture and total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels were measured.The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value (PPV),negative predictive value (NPV),positive likelihood ratio (PLR) and negative likelihood ratio (NLR) were calculated at each measurement sites.Results One hundred and thirty-two neonates were enrolled,of whom 68 cases (51.5%) were male and 64 cases(48.5%) were female and 18 cases (13.6%) were preterm and 114 cases (86.4%) were term neonates.Among all neonates,TSB was <5.00 mg/dL(1 mg/dL =17.1 μmol/L) in 21 cases (15.9%),5.00-9.99 mg/dL in 26 cases (19.7%),10.00-14.99 mg/dL in 34 cases (25.8%),15.00-19.99 mg/dL in 37 cases (28.0%) and ≥ 20.00 mg/dL in 14 cases (10.6%).The card had the highest cap ability to recognize jaundice at the cheek,slightly lower at the sternum and the worst in the forehead.The cut-off of ≥ 12 on the six-color card at the cheek had a sensitivity of 95.95%,specificity of 74.14%,PPV of 82.56%,NPV of 93.48%,PLR of 3.710 and NLR of 0.055 for identifying neonates with TSB ≥ 12 mg/dL,with sensitivity being 98.08%,specificity 57.50%,PPV 60.00%,NPV 97.87%,PLR 2.308 and NLR 0.033 for TSB≥ 15 mg/dL.The identification rate was as follows:sensitivity of 100.00%,specificity of 46.00%,PPV of 37.21%,NPV of 100.00% and PLR of 1.852 for predicting TSB ≥ 17 mg/dL.In addition,in the forehead,cheeks and sternum,the sensitivity of the cut-off of ≥ 12 on the card was 100.00% for identifying neonates with TSB≥20 mg/dL.In the cheeks and the sternum,the cut-off of ≥ 15 on the card was with a sensitivity of 100.00% for predicting TSB ≥ 20 mg/dL.Conclusion The six-color jaundice card is a potential screening tool for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia,and the cheek is the best measurement site.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707751

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of color Doppler ultrasonography in diagnosis of transplant renal artery stenosis( TRAS) of children . Methods The results of ultrasound examination and clinical data of 82 kidney transplant children with suspected TRAS were retrospectively analyzed . According to the results of the CTA ,the enrolled children were divided into a stenosis group with 21 cases and a non-stenosis group with 61 cases . The differences of ultrasound hemodynamic parameters between the two groups were compared . The hemodynamic parameters and cutoff values of prediction of TRAS were determined according to the ROC curve ,and the corresponding sensitivity and specificity were calculated . Logistic regression was used to screen TRAS independent predictors . Results Compared with the non-stenosis group ,the peak systolic velocity ( PSV ) of the renal aorta ,the renal aorta PSV/interlobular artery PSV ( post PSV ratio ) and acceleration time ( AT ) of interlobular artery in the stenosis group were significantly higher ,but the PSV of the interlobular artery was lower ( all P < 0 .05 ) . Differences of indicators between the two groups can be used to predict TRAS . Through the ROC curve the peak systolic velocity of the renal aorta and the interlobular artery were 218 .5 cm/s and 25 .5 cm/s ,respectively ,the post PSV ratio was 7 .2 ,and the AT of intervein arterial was 67 .5 ms ,the sensitivity and specificity were the highest ,which could be used as the ultrasound screening threshold . The PSV of the interlobular artery can be used as an independent predictor of TRAS . Conclusions Analysis of hemodyamic parameters of transplanted kidney arteries by Doppler ultrasonography might be useful in predicting TRAS in children .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707742

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of ultrasound image features combined with cesarean section scores for placenta accreta . Methods A total of 151 pregnant women in the later trimester of pregnancy underwent two-dimensional and color Doppler ultrasonography . According to the results of the operation ,they were divided into the accreta group and the non-accreta group . The number of cesarean section and placental thickness in the two groups were recorded . The ultrasound image characteristics of the placenta previa ,the placenta posterior gap disappeared ,the placental lacuna in the placenta ,the muscle layer becoming thin or disappeared after the placenta ,the anatomical region of the uterus-bladder junction line and the abundant blood flow signal behind the placenta were compared between the two groups . Logistic regression analysis was performed according to the results of single factor analysis . After assigning the characteristics of the regression model ,the ROC curve was drawn to determine the best diagnostic intercept point . Results The presence of placenta previa ,placental lacuna and placental enriched blood flow signals combined with cesarean section scores were used to diagnose placenta accreta ,the area under the ROC curve was 0 .991 ,based the best cut-off point with 4 .5 ,the corresponding diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 91 .1% and 100% ,respectively . Conclusions Ultrasound image features combined with cesarean section history scores have a high practical value in the diagnosis of placental accreta .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1) overexpression by construction of lentiviral vector on the proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells,and to elucidate its possible mechanism.Methods:The cells were infected with the lentivirus overxpressing HPK1,and the MCF-7-HPK1 and MDA-MB-231-HPK1 cell lines were stably expressed HPK1;each cell line was divided into three experimental groups:blank group (untreated),control group (empty vector) and HPK1-overexpression group.The expression levels of HPK1 mRNA and protein in breast cancer cells in each group were detected by RTPCR and Western blotting methods,respectively.The cell proliferation rate was detected by MTT assay.The cell cycle and apoptotic rate were detected by flow cytometry.Transwell assay was used to analyze the cell migration ability.Western blotting method was used to measure the expression levels of caspase 3,PTEN,MMP-9,MMP-2,Ki-67and HPK1 proteins.Results:Compared with blank groups and control groups,the expression levels of HPK1 mRNA and protein in the both cell lines in HPK1 overexpression groups were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05),the proliferation rates were significantly decreased (P<0.05) and the apoptotic rates were significantly increased (P<0.05),the number of cells crossing matrigel was significantly reduced (P<0.05),the cell cycle of MCF-7 was blocked in G1 phase (P<0.05),the expression levels of caspase 3 and PTEN proteins in HPK1 overexpression group were significantly increased (P<0.05),and the expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins were significantly decreased (P<0.05).Conclusion:HPK1 overexpression can inhibit the proliferation and migration of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells and induce apoptosis,which may be related to the up-regulation of caspase 3 and PTEN and down-regulation of MMP-9,MMP-2 and Ki-67.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1) overexpression by construction of lentiviral vector on the proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells,and to elucidate its possible mechanism.Methods:The cells were infected with the lentivirus overxpressing HPK1,and the MCF-7-HPK1 and MDA-MB-231-HPK1 cell lines were stably expressed HPK1;each cell line was divided into three experimental groups:blank group (untreated),control group (empty vector) and HPK1-overexpression group.The expression levels of HPK1 mRNA and protein in breast cancer cells in each group were detected by RTPCR and Western blotting methods,respectively.The cell proliferation rate was detected by MTT assay.The cell cycle and apoptotic rate were detected by flow cytometry.Transwell assay was used to analyze the cell migration ability.Western blotting method was used to measure the expression levels of caspase 3,PTEN,MMP-9,MMP-2,Ki-67and HPK1 proteins.Results:Compared with blank groups and control groups,the expression levels of HPK1 mRNA and protein in the both cell lines in HPK1 overexpression groups were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05),the proliferation rates were significantly decreased (P<0.05) and the apoptotic rates were significantly increased (P<0.05),the number of cells crossing matrigel was significantly reduced (P<0.05),the cell cycle of MCF-7 was blocked in G1 phase (P<0.05),the expression levels of caspase 3 and PTEN proteins in HPK1 overexpression group were significantly increased (P<0.05),and the expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins were significantly decreased (P<0.05).Conclusion:HPK1 overexpression can inhibit the proliferation and migration of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells and induce apoptosis,which may be related to the up-regulation of caspase 3 and PTEN and down-regulation of MMP-9,MMP-2 and Ki-67.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610300

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences in behavior characteristics among SHR, WKY and SD rat models of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and explore an ideal control model of SHR rats.Methods Using open field test to analyze the rat movement distance, speed, wearing numbers and the number of grooming to evaluate the spontaneous movement in SHR, WKY and SD rats.Using the Morris water maze to test the learning and memory ability among the three rat groups.Results The result of open field test showed that the SHR rats had significantly increased (P< 0.01) total amount of exercise, average speed and wearing numbers than WKY and SD rats.Compared with the WKY rats, SD rats had a significantly higher movement distance (P< 0.01), slightly higher movement speed and wearing number (P< 0.05).In the Morris water maze hidden platform period test, the SD rats had a significantly longer latency than the SHR rats (P< 0.05).SD rats showed longer latency distance on the first, third and fourth days of training, as compared with the SHR rats (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).Compared with the WKY group, SD rats showed a shorter latency distance in each training time (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).In the probe trial period, the SD rats showed shorter time and distance ratio to the target quadrant than SHR rats (P< 0.05), while significantly longer than the WKY rats (P< 0.05 or P< 0.01).Conclusions There are significant behavioral differences between SHR and WKY rats, showing certain disadvantages in comparison of the two types of rats.To add SD rats as a control group for SHR rats can improve the comparability of behavior characteristics of SHR rats, and to get more objective evaluation of the behavior characteristics of SHR rats.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609643

ABSTRACT

AIM To prepare the chrysin-phospholipid complex and to investigate its pharmacokinetic behaviors.METHODS Solvent evaporation method was used for preparing the complex.With preparation temperature,preparation time,chrysin concentration and drug-lipid ratio (chrysin-phospholipid) as influencing factors,together with recombination rate as an evaluation index,the preparation was optimized by orthogonal test.The obtained complex was analyzed by X-ray diffraction,differential scanning calorimetry,1H-NMR and 31P-NMR,whose solubility was examined as well.SD rats were intragastrically administered with chrysin and its phospholipid complex,respectively.The blood concentration of chrysin was detected by HPLC,after which the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated.RESULTS The optimal conditions were determined to be 40 ℃ for preparation temperature,2 h for preparation time,20 mg/mL for chrysin concentration,and 1 ∶ 2 for drug-lipid ratio,the recombination rate was close to 100%.Chrysin existed in an amorphous state in the phospholipid complex,which was a new phase rather than physical mixture (chrysin-phosphatidylcholine),and no new chemical bond was generated.Phospholipid complex could significantly increase chrysin's apparent solubility in water and n-octanol,the Cmax,AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ were also obviously increased as compared with raw medicine.CONCLUSION Phospholipid complex can improve both the solubility of chrysin and its oral bioavailability.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1408-1412, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495877

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of sodium hydrosulfide ( NaHS ) , a donor of hydrogen sulfide ( H2 S) , on the membrane permeability , intracellular Ca 2+concentration ( [ Ca2+] i ) and the release of IL-1βinduced by a-denosine triphosphate (ATP) in rat microglia, and to explore the effect of H2S on ATP-P2X purinergic signaling pathway and the molecular mechanism of its neuroprotective effect .METHODS: Rat microglia in logarithmic growth phase were used in the study.The [Ca2+]i was detected by Fura-2/AM staining.Fluorescent dye YO-PRO-1 was used to observe the membrane permeability.Interleukin-1β(IL-1β) was measured by rat IL-1βELISA kits.RESULTS:The YO-PRO-1 flu-orescence intensity was obviously elevated by ATP induction in a dose -dependent manner in the rat microglia , but this effect was counteracted by NaHS pretreatment (P<0.05).[Ca2+]i rapidly increased and then decreased slowly , forming a sta-ble platform for a long time when rat microglia were treated with ATP .Ca2+spike activity induced by ATP had no change , but the platform disappeared (P<0.05) after NaHS pretreatment.The ATP and LPS together facilitated the release of IL-1β, but the phenomenon was inhibited by NaHS (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Hydrogen sulfide may decrease the mem-brane permeability , calcium inflow and IL-1βrelease in rat microglia activated by high dose of ATP .The cytoprotection of hydrogen sulfide may be mediated by purinergic signaling pathway .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487078

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the research status of TCM therapy for ADHD in China in recent ten years; To provide references for clinical workers. Methods Clinical research papers about TCM therapy for ADHD in CNKI, VIP, and CBM from 1st January 2005 to 1st April 2015 were retrieved. Metrology analysis was conducted from the aspects of publication time, diagnostic criteria, contrasted medicine, and types and features of TCM therapy. Results By eliminating duplication literature, 670 papers were screened out. After the screening of exclusion criteria, 148 papers were included. DSM-Ⅳ and CCMD-3 were the most commonly used diagnostic criteria in the 148 papers; internal therapy was the main therapy in TCM therapy; decoction was the main dosage form; liver-kidney yin deficiency syndrome and heart-liver fire syndrome were the main patterns of syndrome; Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata and other 19 Chinese medicinal herbs were the main Chinese mateia medica; Xiaoer Zhili Syrup was the most commonly used Chinese patent medicine; acupuncture and moxibustion and auricular point therapy were the main external therapy, and external combined with internal therapy had the best efficacy. Conclusion TCM therapy for ADHD is with high effectiveness. External combined with internal therapy has the best efficacy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484140

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce an improved extraction method of prefrontal cortical and striatal synaptosomes from SHR rat. Methods Synaptosomes were prepared from SHR rat brain tissue by Percoll density gradient centrifugation.Transmission electron microscopy was used to assess the morphology and structural integrity of the synaptosomes.Results The obtained synaptosomes showed oval structures surrounded by an intact membrane.Presynaptic components contained one or more mitochondria and a large number of synaptic vesicles.The synaptic clefts were clearly visible, and prominent part of the characteristic compact structure was clear, complete and with higher electron-density. The synaptosome presynaptic membrane, synaptic cleft, and postsynaptic membrane were well preserved, and the synaptosomes were densely distributed, showing typical morphological characteristics of synaptosomes.Conclusions The results of our study improved the traditional preparation method and provide a less time-consuming, highly productive protocol for preparation of structurally typical and intact synaptosomes, suitable for further research on neuroscience and neurological diseases.

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