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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932780


Objective:To investigate the correlations between expression of long noncoding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) and their functions on exosome secretion, proliferation and invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:We used small interfering RNA of MALAT1 (si-MALAT1) to knockdown MALAT1 in HuH-7. At the meanwhile, cells which were transfected with si-NC were used as the negative control group. Expression of NEAT1, cell proliferation and invasion function were detected these two groups. HuH-7 cells were transfected with lentivirus NEAT1 over expressing vector (lv-NEAT1) or negative control (lv-control). Expression of exosomes secretion related genes were analyzed between lv-NEAT1 and lv-control groups. Cells of lv-NEAT1 were knockdown MALAT1 expression using si-MALAT1, which could be si-MALAT1+ lv-NEAT1 group. exosomes secretion was detected in si-NC, si-MALAT1 and si-MALAT1+ lv-NEAT1 group. We treated cells (si-MALAT1 group) with exosomes from cells with lv-NEAT1 or lv-control to divide cells as si-MALAT1+ exosomes of lv-NEAT1 cells and si-MALAT1+ exosomes of lv-control groups. Cell proliferation and invasion of cells were detected in two groups.Results:Low expression of NEAT1 were found in MALAT1 knockdown cells compared with si-NC group [(0.72±0.02) vs. (0.98±0.01), P<0.05]. Cells with MALAT1 knockdown shown diminished proliferation [(0.66±0.03) vs. (0.98±0.04), P<0.05)] and invasion [(88.33±7.26) vs. (147.70±13.62), P<0.05)]. Compared with si-NC group, CD9 and CD63 expression were decreased in exosomes of si-MALAT1 group. Compared with si-MALAT1 group, CD9 and CD63 expression was increased in exosomes of si-MALAT1+ lv-NEAT1 group. Compared with si-MALAT1+ exosomes of lv-control group, proliferation [(0.97±0.03) vs. (0.74±0.05), P<0.05)] and invasion [ (132.70±7.36) vs. (98.33±6.01), P<0.05) ] were increased in si-MALAT1+ exosomes of lv-NEAT1 group. Exosomes related genes expression including HSPA8 (5.53±0.31), SLC3A2 (0.32±0.07) and SLC7A5 (0.77±0.45) were changed in lv-NEAT1 group compared with lv-control group [(0.98±0.15), P<0.05]. Conclusion:MALAT1 induced exosomes secretion by NEAT1 and exosomes related genes regulation. This regulation might be related with increased proliferation and invasion function in HCC cells with MALAT1 and NEAT1 abnormal expression.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957213


Objective:To analyze the expectations and their influencing factors of gynecological examination among female physical examination population.Methods:Convenience sampling method was used to select women undergoing gynecological examinations in the health management center of the Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University between April to June 2021. A face to face interview was conducted with a 20-item structured questionnaire including general information, the women?s feelings about a gynecological examination, expectations of doctors, preferences for the doctor ?s gender, and the presence of chaperones in male doctor examination scenarios. Of the 1 600 questionnaires distributed, 1 583 were valid, with a recovery rate of 98.93%. To compare the preferences for a doctor ?s gender and chaperones with different demographic characteristics, an χ2 test was used. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of preferences for doctors ?gender and for chaperones. Results:For a gynecological examination, women were mainly worried about the possibility of bad results (77.4%), while the main expectation to doctors was communication before the examination (49.2%); most women wanted to be examined by a female doctor (85.5%), mainly because they felt relaxed (76.0%); most women did not want chaperones when examined by a female doctor (56.5%), while most of them preferred to be accompanied by a nurse when examined by a male doctor (50.1%). Women whose family income was lower than expenditure and had gynecological examination experiences with male doctors tended to have no preference for a doctor ?s gender. Additionally, there was a strong inverse association between the education level and likelihood of no preference for a doctor ?s gender, that is, the lower the education level, the more likely they were to have no preference for the doctor ?s gender ( P<0.05), when examined by a male doctor. Furthermore, women older than 55 years and who had a gynecological examination more than twice a year, was less likely to need chaperones, while women who had gynecological examination experience with male doctors tended to have no preference for chaperones. Conclusions:Women preferred gynecological examinations to be performed by female doctors who provide gentle and companion staff support during the examinations. Education level, family income, and examination experience of male doctors are the influencing factors for gender preferences of a doctor. Age, examination frequency, and examination experience of male doctors are the influencing factors affecting the preferences of choosing an accompanying person.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711313


Objective To explore the effect of radiofrequency-induced hyperthermia on the morphology of articular cartilage and any changes in serum-1 interleukin-1 (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the process of knee osteoarthritis in rabbits.Methods Fifty-four male rabbits were selected and knee osteoarthritis was introduced to their right hind limbs using the modified Huhh model.They were then randomly divided into a model group,a cervus and cucumis polypeptide (CCP) group and a radiofrequency thermotherapy (RT) group,each of 18.The CCP group was injected with deer melon peptide intramuscularly.The RT group was given radiofrequency hyperthermia treatment.The model group was not provided with any special treatment.On the 7th,13th and 19th day of the treatment,6 rabbits in each group were sacrificed to resect the right medial femoral condyle cartilage.The morphological characteristics of the cartilage were evaluated using the modified Mankins score,while the content of IL-1βand TNF-α in the serum were detected using enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assays (ELISAs).Results At the same time points,the average Mankins score and the average content of IL-1βand TNF-α in the serum of the model group were significantly higher than in the CCP group,with the values in the latter group significantly higher than in the RT group.In the RT group,the average Mankins score,as well as the IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha levels in the serum,decreased significantly with longer treatment.Conclusion Radiofrequency-induced hyperthermia is superior to deer melon polypeptide in treating knee osteoarthritis,at least in rabbits.Its therapeutic mechanism may be related to the control of serum IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha levels.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711265


Objective To explore the effect of radiofrequency heating on type Ⅱ collagen expression in a rabbit model of osteoarthritis.Methods Knee osteoarthritis was induced in the right hind legs of 54 male rabbits using modified Hulth modeling.The rabbits were randomly divided into a model group which was not given any special treatment,a Lugua polypeptide group and a radiofrequency hyperthermia group.The Lugua polypeptide group was injected with Lugua polypeptide;the radiofrequency hyperthermia group was treated with radiofrequency irradiation.Six,12 and 18 days after the treatment,the morphological condition of the rats' right femoral medial condyle cartilages were evaluated using modified Mankins scoring and the type Ⅱ collagen content of the cartilage was detected using a quantitative PCR technique.Results At the same time points after treatment,the average Mankins scores were decreased in all the 3 groups,with that of the model group was significantly higher than those of both of the other groups,and the radiofrequency hyperthermia group's average score was significantly better than that of the Lugua polypeptide group.The average type Ⅱ collagen content was significantly increased in all the 3 groups to various extent (the radiofrequency hyperthermia group > Lugua polypeptide group > model group).For the radiofrequency hyperthermia group,the average Mankins score decreased significantly and the average type Ⅱ collagen content increased significantly as the treatment continued.Conclusion Radiofrequency hyperthermia is superior to Lugua polypeptide for treating knee osteoarthritis,at least in rabbits.Its therapeutic effectiveness may be related to a significant increase of type Ⅱ collagen in the cartilage.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508921


Patient′s expectation has been defined as the anticipation that given events were likely to occur during, or as an outcome of, health care. What people expect from their health care are potentially important in predicting patient satisfaction and dissatisfaction with their care, treatment and health outcomes. There was widespread recognition of the importance of evaluating services from consumer perspectives. In this article, domestic and foreign research in recent years, expectations status, significance and various influencing factors in relation to the expectations in processes of health care were summarized. Consumer evaluations of their health care are now an established component of quality assessment, planners need to understand the expectations underlying patients′views in order to interpret their feedback. Thus leading to improve patient satisfaction and the social evaluation of medical units.