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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317795

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the expression levels of programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) in the peripheral blood of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to discuss their biological and clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PD-1/PD-L1 expression on the surface of T-lymphocytes and the counts of T-lymphocyte subpopulations of peripheral blood in 82 patients with OSCC (OSCC group) and 25 healthy controls (control group) were examined via flow cytometry. The expression levels of soluble PD-1 (sPD-1) and soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) in the serum were observed through enzyme-link immunology method. The data were tested and analyzed with SPSS 17.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage of CD8+ T cells in the OSCC group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05), whereas the percentages of CD3+ and CD4+ T cells as well as CD4+/CD8+ ratio were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The positive rates of PD-1 and PD-L1 in CD3+ and CD4+ T cells in OSCC peripheral blood were remarkably higher than those in the control group (P<0.01). Difference was not observed between the expression levels of sPD-1 in the serum of OSCC group and those in the control group (P>0.05), but the average of sPD-L1 was remarkably higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). sPD-L1 expression was related to clinical stage, tumor cell differentiation, and lymph node status (P<0.05) but not related to sex, age, tumor location, and tumor size.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>T-lymphocyte subpopulations in the peripheral blood of patients with OSCC developed immunosuppression with different degrees. PD-1 and PD-L1 expression levels on the surface of CD3+ and CD4+ T cells significantly increased. Abnormal increase in sPD-L1 expression may be associated with OSCC development.</p>


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Metabolism , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450635

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the risk factors of pulmonary embolism and comparison of the effect of different therapy.Methods Risk factors of 182 patients with pulmonary embolism were analyzed retrospectively.The patients were randomly divided into simple drug group and drug joint intervention group.Simple drug group was given heparin and warfarin,or jiont urokinase fibrinolytic therapy.The drug joint intervention group was given the same drug therapy joint vena cava filter implantation and/or catheter broken bolt therapy.After different treatment,the clinical prognosis was compared between the two groups.Results Of 182 patients with pulmonary embolism,the elderly and smoking prevalence rate increased significantly,deep vein thrombosis,cardiovascular disease,cancer,blood system diseases,trauma and surgery,chronic lung disease,fracture and orthopaedic surgery were the main risk factors.The effective rate and mortality between the pure drug therapy group and drug joint intervention group had no significant differences(x2 =0.145,P > 0.05).Conclusion The incidence of pulmonary embolism is closely related to the risk factors.Cancer is one of the important diseases caused by pulmonary embolism.In a timely manner to give the antithrombotic drug treatment has great significance to the prognosis of pulmonary thromboembolism,there was no significant difference compared with the antithrombotic joint intervention.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442527

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical significance of four kinds of microalbuminuria detection in early diagnosis of iodinated contrast agent damage to kidney by studying four elements in the patients' urine:microalbumin (mAlb),immunoglobulin G (IgG),α1-microglobulin (α1-MG) and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG).Methods 106 patients who have received percutaneous coronary interventional therapy were chosen and divided into group A(angiography dose < 100ml,n =51) and group B (angiography dose ≥ 100ml,n =55) according to the amount of contrast agent used.Changes in the amount of mAlb,IgG,α1-MG and β2-MG levels,serum creatinine(Scr),endogenous creatinine clearance rate(eGFR) in the urine of the patients before and after the surgery were observed.Results Postoperative α1-MG and β2-MG levels in the urine of group A higher than before surgery (t =-6.748,-11.173,all P <0.0 5).2 4 hours after the surgery,mA1b,IgG,α1-MG and β2-MG levels in group B were elevated than before surgery,and the differences were significant(t =-6.223,-3.518,-11.532,-10.773,all P < 0.05).Two groups had significant differences in terms of mAlb,IgG,α1-MG and β2-MG levels after the surgery (F =27.306,4.704,5.118,19.011,all P < 0.05).Conclusion Four kinds of microalbuminuria detecting are conducive to early diagnosis of iodinated contrast agent damage to kidney and assessing the damage degree.The contrast agent damage to kidney first occurs as the renal tubular damage.When the contrast agent was used at a dosage of more than 100ml,glomerular damage occurred.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427886

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the protective effect of low molecular dextran combined with salvia miltiorrhiza injection against kidney damage from contrast agent after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) and the effect of preventing kidney damage.Methods120 patients who underwent PCI were randomly divided into two groups:the treatment group( low molecular dextran combined with salvia miltiorrhiza treatment) and the control group,each group 60 cases.The control group was given the conventional treatment,and the treatment group was treated with 250ml low molecular dextran and 16ml salvia miltiorrhiza injection for 7d on the basis of conventional treatment.The levels of blood urea nitrogen ( BUN ),serum creatinine ( SCR),β2 microglobulin ( β2-MG),24h urine protein were detected before and 1 d,6d after surgery.ResultsAt one day after application of contrast agent,the levels of BUN,SCR,β2-MG,24h urine protein were increased,and returned to baseline level at 6th day.The levels of BUN,SCR,β2-MG,24h urine protein of the treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group at 6th day ( P < 0.05 ).ConclusionThe low molecular dextran combined with danshen injection treatment in the perioperative period could effectively reduce the kidney impairment from contrast agent and the incidence of renal insufficiency.

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