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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1729-1732, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998899

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of the risk of overweight/obesity in children and adolescents with their early life factors and parental weight.@*Methods@#From June 1 to June 30 of 2022, the stratified randomized cluster sampling method was used to collect information using questionnaires from 5 370 primary and secondary school students in Hohhot City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and multivariate analysis were performed using multiple Logistic regression model estimation in a generalized linear model for parental BMI and early life factors in children and adolescents.@*Results@#The prevalence of overweight/obesity was 32.2% , and the prevalence of overweight/obesity among male students was 37.8%, which was higher than that of female students 26.1% χ 2= 84.59 , P <0.01). The results of the multirariate Logistic regression anaysis showed that the prevalence of overweight/obesity was higher in only paternal overweight ( OR=1.52, 95%CI =1.30-1.77), only maternal overweight ( OR=1.61, 95%CI = 1.31 -1.97), and parentl overweight ( OR=2.42, 95%CI =2.03-2.87)( P <0.05). The risk of overweight/obesity was higher in children with high birth weight ( OR=1.29, 95%CI =1.08- 1.55 ), children born by caesarean section ( OR=1.32, 95%CI =1.17- 1.48 ), and children whose mothers gained excessive weight during pregnancy ( OR=1.24, 95%CI =1.06-1.46), and the results were statistically significant ( P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#Overweight parents, excessive maternal weight gain during pregnancy, cesarean delivery, and high birth weight are associated with increased risk of overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. Attention should be paid to these aspects in obesity prevention and control.

2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 19-41, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929037

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is an intracellular degradation process that maintains cellular homeostasis. It is essential for protecting organisms from environmental stress. Autophagy can help the host to eliminate invading pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. However, pathogens have evolved multiple strategies to interfere with autophagic signaling pathways or inhibit the fusion of autophagosomes with lysosomes to form autolysosomes. Moreover, host cell matrix degradation by different types of autophagy can be used for the proliferation and reproduction of pathogens. Thus, determining the roles and mechanisms of autophagy during pathogen infections will promote understanding of the mechanisms of pathogen‍‒‍host interactions and provide new strategies for the treatment of infectious diseases.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Bacteria , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Lysosomes , Signal Transduction
3.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 922-926, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impacts of workload and expected income index on the salary satisfaction of medical staff at public hospitals.Methods:From October 15th to November 10th, 2020, the salary system reform monitoring questionnaire for medical staff in public hospitals formulated by development center for medical science & technology National Health Commission was adopted to evaluate the workload, actual income, expected income and salary satisfaction of 120 pilot public hospitals for salary reforms in 21 cities (prefectures) in Sichuan province. The questionnaire survey was conducted among 8 651 medical staff of these hospitals. Descriptive analysis was carried out on the results of the questionnaire; the ratio of expected income to actual income, namely the expected income index, was used to reflect the relative difference between expected income and actual income; χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of salary satisfaction. Results:8 133 valid questionnaires were recovered. The average working time per week of the survey subjects was 48.17 hours, and the average longest continuous working time was 15.30 hours; 85.63% (6 964) of the medical staff had expected income index greater than 1. The average score of salary satisfaction was 58.22 points and 57.72% (4 694) of the medical staff were dissatisfied. The longer the continuous working time (16-72 h versus 8-9 h, OR=0.755), the greater the expected income index (>1 versus =1, OR=0.522), and the lower the salary satisfaction. Conclusions:The workload of medical staff was heavy, the salary failed to meet the expected level, the sense of satisfaction was low. It is suggested to monitor in real time and dynamically adjust the workload of medical staff in combination with the actual situation, formulate the salary level in line with the technical labor value of different medical staff, and establish a comprehensive performance appraisal mechanism.

4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 241-254, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881068

ABSTRACT

Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Danggui) and Ligusticum Chuanxiong Rhizoma (Chuan Xiong) herb-pair (DC) have been frequently used in Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescriptions for hundreds of years to prevent vascular diseases and alleviate pain. However, the mechanism of DC herb-pair in the prevention of liver fibrosis development was still unclear. In the present study, the effects and mechanisms of DC herb-pair on liver fibrosis were examined using network pharmacology and mouse fibrotic model. Based on the network pharmacological analysis of 13 bioactive ingredients found in DC, a total of 46 targets and 71 pathways related to anti-fibrosis effects were obtained, which was associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway, hepatic inflammation and fibrotic response. Furthermore, this hypothesis was verified using carbon tetrachloride (CCl

5.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 474-478, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870065

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between monocyte to high density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio (MHR) and the infection, severity, and prognosis of diabetic foot ulcer.Methods:A retrospective cohort study of 194 patients with diabetic foot ulcer between September 2016 and August 2018 was conducted at the First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China. The clinical data, glucose and lipids metabolism, renal function, nutritional status, coagulation function, and severity of infection, severity, ischemic, and diagnosis were recorded. The rates of healed ulcer, amputation, and mortality were followed for six months.Results:The higher MHR levels of diabetic foot ulcer patients were accompanied with the higher Wagner grade, infection grade, severity of lower extremity ischemia, and proportion of adverse outcomes ( P trend<0.05). MHR and many traditional risk factors of diabetic foot ulcer (white blood cell count, C-reactive protein, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and ankle brachial index) were significantly correlated (all P<0.05). After adjustment for potential confounders, multivariate logistics regression analysis showed that MHR levels were positively associated with the occurrence of adverse outcomes [odds ratio ( OR) for the highest quartile vs lowest quartile, 1.52 (95% CI 1.08-3.08), P<0.05]. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that area under the curve (AUC) of high MHR, high C-reactive protein, and low albumin for predicting the occurrence of adverse outcomes in diabetic foot ulcer patients were 0.674 (95% CI 0.581-0.747), 0.703(95% CI 0.615-0.772), and 0.667(95% CI 0.569-0.734), respectively. Conclusion:Elevation of MHR in diabetic foot ulcer patients are positively correlated with the grading of Wagner classification, and the severity of infection and ischemia, and seriously affects the prognosis of patients, suggesting that more attention should be paid to the MHR.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 843-847, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796355

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between serum C1q and tumor necrosis factor related protein 6(CTRP6) level and insulin resistance in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).@*Methods@#A total of 167 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM in the outpatient department of our hospital were recruited from April 2016 to March 2017 and 165 subjects with normal glucose tolerance were used as the control group. The concentrations of CTRP6, interleukin 6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were determined by ELISA.@*Results@#Circulating CTRP6 level was significantly higher in T2DM group than that in control group [(652.54±132.57) vs (521.28±119.93)μg/L, P<0.01] after adjusting age and body mass index (BMI). Overweight/obese subjects revealed higher CTRP6 levels compared with those in lean individuals. In addition, circulating CTRP6 level was positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, postprandial 2h plasma glucose, HbA1C, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), triglyceride (TG), IL-6, MCP-1, highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and TNF-α, while it was inversely correlated with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(P<0.01). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that TG, HOMA-IR, and IL-6 were independent factors for CTRP6 level. After adjusting for potential confounders, CTRP6 remained an independent risk factor for T2DM. Trend test showed that the increase in CTRP6 level was significantly linear with the occurrence of T2DM. The analysis of receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that the area under the curve for circulating CTRP6 to predict T2DM was 0.730.@*Conclusions@#CTRP6 may be associated with insulin resistance.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 843-847, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791725

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between serum C1q and tumor necrosis factor related protein 6 ( CTRP6 ) level and insulin resistance in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods A total of 167 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM in the outpatient department of our hospital were recruited from April 2016 to March 2017 and 165 subjects with normal glucose tolerance were used as the control group. The concentrations of CTRP6, interleukin 6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 ( MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor a( TNF-α) were determined by ELISA. Results Circulating CTRP6 level was significantly higher in T2DM group than that in control group [(652.54 ± 132.57) vs ( 521.28 ± 119.93) μg/L, P<0.01] after adjusting age and body mass index (BMI). Overweight/obese subjects revealed much higher CTRP6 levels compared with those in lean individuals. In addition, circulating CTRP6 level was positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose, postprandial 2h plasma glucose, HbA1C, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index ( HOMA-IR), triglyceride ( TG), IL-6, MCP-1, highly sensitive C-reactive protein ( hs-CRP ), and TNF-α, while it was inversely correlated with high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ( P<0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that TG, HOMA-IR, and IL-6 were independent factors for CTRP6 level. After adjusting for potential confounders, CTRP6 remains an independent risk factor for T2DM. Trend detection showed that the increase in CTRP6 level was significantly linear with the occurrence of T2DM. The analysis of receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that the area under the curve for circulating CTRP6 to predict T2DM was 0.730. Conclusions CTRP6 may be associated with insulin resistance.

8.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 414-418, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609165

ABSTRACT

Through the literature collection on Chinese marine materia medica,this study analyzed medication rules of Chinese marine materia medica prescription,understood general conditions of Chinese marine materia medica prescription,in order to conduct data mining on medication rules of Chinese marine materia medica prescription.The name of Chinese marine materia medica was used as the search term.Chinese marine materia medica prescriptions were searched in related literatures of Chinese Medicine Code,Chinese Marine Materia Medica,Chinese Materia Medica,Chinese Pharmacopoeia and Great Dictionary of Chinese Medicine.The information was extracted and standardized to construct database for the initial data mining of related information and medication rules of Chinese marine materia medica prescriptions.The results showed that 16715 Chinese marine materia medica prescriptions were screened,which contained 144014 items of data,involving 218 kinds of Chinese marine materia medica.Decoction was the most common dosage form.The amount of Chinese marine materia medica prescription in the Ming and Qing dynasties was the largest.The highest frequency of Chinese marine materia medica in one prescription was 1 to 3 types.The prescription composed all by Chinese marine materia medica occupied 8.065%.Other prescriptions contained the compatibility of Chinese terrestrial materia medica.The prescription containing materia medica half from the sea and half from the land,occupied 7.754%.The Chinese marine materia medica used with the highest frequency in all prescriptions was oyster.The frequently used Chinese terrestrial materia medica was licorice and angelica in Chinese marine materia medica prescriptions.It was concluded that the number of Chinese marine materia medica prescription was large.Its compatibility and clinical application had a certain characteristic,which provided data foundation for the further research and development of Chinese marine materia medica.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 17-26, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify proteins associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) metastasis,and provide scientific basis for the prevention and cure of NPC.Methods:A two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry were performed to screen for differential proteins between highly metastatic 5-8F and non-metastatic 6-10B NPC cell lines.Western blot was used to confirm the differential proteins.We used siRNA to inhibit the expression of differential protein nm23-H1 to determine the association of nm23-H1 with NPC in vitro invasive ability.Immunohistochemistry and statistics were used to evaluate the correlation of nm23-H1 expression with clinicopathological features and clinical outcomes in paraffin-embedded archival tissues including 93 cases of primary NPC and 20 cases of cervical lymphonode metastatic NPC (LMNPC).Results:A total of 15 differential proteins in the 2 cell lines were identified by a proteomic approach,and 3 differential proteins were selectively confirmed.Downregulation of nm23-H1 by siRNA significantly increased the in vitro invasive ability of 6-10B.Significant nm23-H1 downregulation was observed in LMNPC compared with primary NPC.nm23-H1 downregulation in primary NPC was positively correlated with lymphonode and distant metastasis,advanced clinical stage and recurrence.Survival curves showed that patients with nm23-H1 downregulation in primary NPC had a poor prognosis.Multivariate analysis confirmed that nm23-H1 expression level in primary NPC was an independent prognostic indicator.Conclusion:nm23-H1 behaves as a metastasis suppressor in NPC,and nm23-H1 downregulation is a biomarker for poor NPC prognosis.

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