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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 39-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991123

ABSTRACT

Polyphyllin Ⅰ(PPⅠ)and polyphyllin Ⅱ(PⅡ)are the main active substances in the Paris polyphylla.However,liver toxicity of these compounds has impeded their clinical application and the potential hepatotoxicity mechanisms remain to be elucidated.In this work,we found that PPⅠ and PⅡ exposure could induce significant hepatotoxicity in human liver cell line L-02 and zebrafish in a dose-dependent manner.The results of the proteomic analysis in L-02 cells and transcriptome in zebrafish indicated that the hepa-totoxicity of PPⅡ and PⅡwas associated with the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway disorders,which were alleviated by the cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitor lovastatin.Additionally,3-hydroxy-3-methy-lglutaryl CoA reductase(HMGCR)and squalene epoxidase(SQLE),the two rate-limiting enzymes in the choles-terol synthesis,selected as the potential targets,were confirmed by the molecular docking,the over-expression,and knockdown of HMGCR or SQLE with siRNA.Finally,the pull-down and surface plasmon resonance technology revealed that PPⅠ could directly bind with SQLE but not with HMGCR.Collectively,these data demonstrated that PPⅠ-induced hepatotoxicity resulted from the direct binding with SQLE protein and impaired the sterol-regulatory element binding protein 2/HMGCR/SQLE/lanosterol synthase pathways,thus disturbing the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway.The findings of this research can contribute to a better understanding of the key role of SQLE as a potential target in drug-induced hepatotoxicity and provide a therapeutic strategy for the prevention of drug toxic effects with similar structures in the future.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 424-429, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513130

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of Breviscapine injection combined with conventional therapy in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris (UAP).Methods The literature were systematicly retrieved about the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of Breviscapine injection for UAP. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment Table was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the RCTs and then the data were extracted and meta-analysed by RevMan 5.3 software.Results A total of 15 RCTs with 1202 participants were included. In the meta-analysis, the combination of Breviscapine injection and conventional therapy in the treatment of UAP can achieve better angina pectoris curative effect (Z=7.74,P<0.01), theRR(95% CI) was 1.23 (1.17,1.30), and the electrocardiogram curative effect (Z=6.26,P<0.01), the RR(95% CI) was 1.32(1.21, 1.44). Furthermore, Breviscapine injection can improve hemorheologic parameters. And there was no major or serious adverse drug event.Conclusions The Breviscapine injection combined with conventional therapy shows good therapeutic effect on UAP.

3.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 349-352, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465231

ABSTRACT

Objective A traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) inheritance assist system software was used to analyze the medication experiences of treating urticaria.Methods Literatures in three TCM medical books about the treatment of urticaria were collected and analyzed in terms of the utilizing frequency and association rules between different medicines. Data mining research methods such as Apriori algorithm, complex system entropy cluster and unsupervised hierarchical cluster were used in the research.Results Based on 138 screened prescriptions, the study confirmed that the frequency of using Radix sileriswas was highest, and 20 drugs elected in 218 prescription drugs were used more than 20 times. According to the utilizing frequency order of pharmaceutical compositions from high to low, association rules between drugs ranked in the top four were‘ Radix sileris- Cicada slough’, ‘Radix sileris- Schizonepeta’, ‘Radix sileris- Paeonia’, and ‘Schizonepeta- Cicadaslough’. Meanwhile, 30 pharmaceutical drug combinations and 14 new prescriptions were found. Conclusion The research, based on TCM inheritance assist system software platform and data mining method on medication rules of urticaria treatment prescriptions, is instructive in the clinical treatment of urticaria and also provide useful reference for the development of the new drug on urticaria.

4.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 50-53, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464399

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the medication rules of national TCM masters’ treatment for phymatosis. Methods The prescriptions for phymatosis of national TCM masters were collected to build a database. The methods of association rules with apriori algorithm and complex system entropy cluster were used to achieve frequency of individual herbs, frequency of medicine combinations, association rules of herbs and core medicine combinations. Results In the prescriptions for phymatosis, Chinese medicinal herbs with the highest frequency were Astragali Radix, Pinelliae Rhizoma, Poria, Herba Oldenlandiae, Rehmanniae Radix Exsiccata, and so on. Medicine combinations with the highest frequencywere Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma-Poria, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium-Poria, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma-Codonopsis Radix, and Poria-Codonopsis Radix. The medicine association rules of confidence coefficient 1 were Sparganii Rhizoma→Curcumae Rhizoma, and Moutan Cortex, Persicae Semen→Paeoniae Radix Rubra. The new prescriptions composited by “Curcumae Rhizoma, Sparganii Rhizoma, Manis Squama, Prunella Spica, Dipsacus Asperoides”, or “Paridis Rhizoma, Adenophorae Radix, Gleditsiae Spina, Sargassum, Laminariae Thallus”. Conclusions Chinese medicinal herbs used in the prescriptions of national TCM masters for the treatment of phymatosis were often with the actions of invigorating the spleen and benefiting qi, clearing away heat and toxic material, and promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, which were complied with the medication rule of treating both the incidental and fundamental aspects in TCM.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 535-538, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463697

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore composition rules of suppress cough prescriptions.MethodsThe suppress cough prescriptions in “The New National Medicine” were collected to build a database based on Traditional Chinese medicine inheritance assist system. Themethods of association rules with apriori algorithm and complex system entropy cluster were used to achieve the frequency of medicines and association rules between drugs.ResultsThe data-mining results indicated that themostfrequentlyused drugs wereRadix Glycyrrhizae, Platycodon grandiflorum, Semen armeniacae amarae, Ephdra vulgaris, Dried tangerine or orange peel. The most frequent drug combinations were “Radix Glycyrrhizae, Platycodon grandiflorum”, “Radix Glycyrrhizae, Semen armeniacae amarae”, “Radix Glycyrrhizae, Dried tangerine or orange peel” and so on. The drugs with a high degree confidence coefficient of association rules include “Dried tangerine or orange peel, the root bark of white mulberry”, “Dried tangerine or orange peel, Snakegourd Seed”. The new prescription that we can get composited by Fructus AurantiiwasAngelica decursiva, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Rhizoma Anemarrhenae, the root bark of white mulberry.ConclusionFrom the analysis above, we could conclude that the drugs insuppress cough prescriptions havemoreeffects ofrelieving superficies, clearing heat and drying dampness, ventilating the lung and resolving phlegm,nourishingYinand supplementingQi.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 73-75, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462485

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the experience of Yang Boliang for the treatment of dysentery. Methods The prescriptions for dysentery that used by Yang Boliang were collected to build a database, and analyzed by the unsupervised data mining methods, such as apriori algorithm, entropy Clustering complex systems. Results Based on the analysis of 35 prescriptions, the most frequently used drug, the core drug combinations and the new prescriptions were mined from the database. The most frequently used drugs were tuckahoe, rhizoma pinellinae praeparata, and roasted radix puerariae. The core drug combinations were“tuckahoe- radix scutellariae-moutan bark”, “plantago seed-rhizoma pinellinae praeparata-maticated leaven”, and “charred radix aucklandiae-charred radix etrhizoma rhei-waterlily leaf”, etc. The new prescriptions were such as “plantago seed-rhizoma pinellinae praeparata-maticated leaven-charred radix rehmanniae recen-processed rhizoma Cyperi”. Conclusion Yang Boliang was well experienced in treating dysentery by using the drugs with clearing heat, and drying dampness, and clearing dampness by promoting diuresis.

7.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 261-264, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462269

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the medication rules of State Medical MasterYan Zhenghua. Methods The prescriptions containing Radix Paeoniae Alba that prescribed by Pro. Yan were collected to build a database based on traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM)inheritance assist system. After analyzed by the statistical reports module and the data analysis module which were from TCM inheritance assist system, and the methods of data-mining that including association rules and apriori algorithm, the frequency of single medicine, the frequency of drug combination, the association rules between drugs and core drug combinations which all were including Radix Paeoniae Alba can be get from the database.Results The prescriptions including Radix Paeoniae Alba were commonly used to treat megrim, stomach-ache, acid regurgitation and other syndromes. The highest frequency used drugs were Radix PaeoniaeRubra, PericarpiumCitriReticulatae, Radix SalviaeMiltiorrhizae, Radix AngelicaeSinensis, Poria, and so on. The most frequency drug combinations were “RadxPaeoniae Alba, Radix PaeoniaeRubra”, “Radix SalviaeMiltiorrhizae, Radix Paeoniae Alba”, and “Radix Paeoniae Alba, PericarpiumCitriReticulatae”. The drug association rules that the confidence was more than once were “Radix PaeoniaeRubra - Radix Paeoniae Alba”, “OsDraconis - Concha Ostreae”, “Radix AngelicaeSinensis,RadixPaeoniaeRubra - Radix Paeoniae Alba”, and “Radix PaeoniaeRubra, HerbaTaxilli - Radix Paeoniae Alba”, and so on.Conclusions The drugs in the prescriptions containing Radix Paeoniae Alba that built by Pro. Yan mostly had the effects of enriching the blood and invigorating the circulation of blood, relieve uneasiness of mind and body tranquilization, which reflected the clearly thought when constructing prescriptions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 39-43, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462072

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Danshen Chuanxiongqin Injection (DCI) in the treatment of angina pectoris. Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding DCI in the treatment of angina pectoris were searched in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Database, CBM, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library by Feb. 2014. Two researchers independently retrieved the RCTs and extracted the information. The Cochrane risk of bias method was used to assess the quality of the included studies, and a meta-analysis was conducted with Review Manager 5.2 software. Results A total of 12 RCTs with 1145 participants were included. The meta-analysis indicated that the combined use of DCI and conventional treatment with western medicine was more effective in the outcomes of the total clinical effective rate [RR=1.27, 95%CI (1.19,1.35), P<0.000 01], the total effective rate of ECG [RR=1.34, 95%CI (1.23,1.46), P<0.000 01], and decrease of plasma viscosity [MD=-0.15, 95%CI (-0.25,-0.05), P=0.004] and fibrinogen [MD=-0.96, 95%CI (-1.14,-0.78), P<0.000 01]. And there were no adverse drug reaction reports. Conclusion Based on this systematic evaluation, DCI combined with conventional therapy is effective and relatively safe in treating angina pectoris, but it still needs larger samples, multi-center, and high quality RCT to verify.

9.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 641-645, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467557

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the medication rules of State Medical MasterYan Zhenghua. Methods The prescriptions including Angelicae Sinensis Radix that built by Pro. Yan were collected to build a database based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) inheritance assist system(V2.0.1). After analyzed by the statistical reports module and the data analysis module which were from TCM inheritance assist system, and the methods of data-mining that including association rules and apriori algorithm, the frequency of single medicine, the frequency of drug combination, the association rules between drugs and core drug combinations which all were including Angelicae Sinensis Radix can be get from the database.Results The prescriptions including Angelicae Sinensis Radix were commonly used to treat stomach-ache, arthralgia syndrome, irregular menstruation and other syndromes. The highest frequency used drugs were Radix Paeoniae Rubra, Radix Paeoniae Alba, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Rhizoma Cyperi, and so on. The most frequency drug combinations were “Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Radix Paeoniae Rubra”, “Radix Paeoniae Alba, Angelicae Sinensis Radix”, and “Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Angelicae Sinensis Radix”. The drug association rules that the confidence was more than 0.9 were “Fructus Jujubae-Angelicae Sinensis Radix”, “Fructus Amomi Villosi-Angelicae Sinensis Radix”, “Radix Codonopsis-Angelicae Sinensis Radix”, and “Os Draconis-Concha Ostreae”, and so on.Conclusion The drugs in the prescriptions containing Angelicae Sinensis Radix that built by Pro. Yan mostly had the effects of cooling blood, replenishing blood, and promoting blood circulation for removing blood stasis, which reflected the clear thought when making prescriptions.

10.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 15-17, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452447

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the rules of the compatible application of antagonistic combination Ginger and Radix Scutellariae in clinical.Methods The prescriptions included the compatibility application of Ginger and Radix Scutellariae were systematically retrieved in literature. Using Excellas a storage and analysis tool, the information about treatments, dosage, compatibility proportion, and dosage form were analyzed with the method of bibliometrics.Results The prescriptions included the compatibility application of “Ginger and Radix Scutellariae” were mainly used for the treatment of internal diseases (746 cases, 76%), followed by gynecological diseases (62 cases, 6%), ear-nose-throat diseases (43 cases, 4%), etc. The largest number of internal diseases was spleen-stomach diseases, which accounted for 26% (193 cases) of the total internal diseases. And the others were diseases of liver-gallbladder 189 cases (25%), and diseases of lung (185 cases, 25%). In the prescriptions, the dosages of Radix Scutellariae were primarily 10, 12, 9, 15 g, 69% (532/772) of which were in the dose range provided by Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The dosages of Ginger were mainly 10 g and 6 g, 84% (356/424) of which were in the dose range provided by Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The compatibility proportion of Ginger and Radix Scutellariae was mostly 1∶1, which accounted for 32%.Conclusion The antagonistic combination Ginger and Radix Scutellariae was widely used in a variety of interior, exterior, gynaecology, paediatrics and other syndromes. The two drugs were contrary in the property (one cold and the other hot) and the function (one warming lung and the other clearing away the lung-heat), but their compatibility application can achieve a satisfactory efficacy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 16-18, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451654

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the rules of property of the drugs used by State Medical Master Yan Zhenghua in clinical.Methods The prescriptions used by Pro. Yan were collected to build a database, which was based on traditional Chinese medicine inheritance assistant software. After analyzed by the software, such as using the module to analyze the prescriptions, the medication characters of the prescriptions can be got from the database.Results Drugs of warm nature were used with the highest frequency 7998 times, followed by the cool 7866 times, leveling 6763 times, cold 3942 times, and hot 95 times. From the property of five flavors, the most used flavor of drugs was bitter 15260 times, followed by sweet 10810 times, pungent 10453 times, sour 2794 times, salty 1651 times, mild 1203 times, and astringency 186 times. In the frequency of the channel tropism involved, the highest is of liver channel 14237 times, followed by lung 10452 times and spleen 10061 times.Conclusion Pro. Yan was accustomed to using the drugs that were of warm and cool natures, and sweet and pungent flavors, and also the drugs that have action on the collateral channels of liver, lung and spleen, which were the same as the experience from Pro. Yan.

12.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 39-42, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459629

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the medication rules of state medical master Yan Zhenghua from the prescriptions. Methods After analyzed by the statistical report module and the data analysis module, the method of data-mining that including association rules and apriori algorithm was used to analyze the frequency of Poria and drug combination, the association rules between drugs and core drug combinations in Pro. Yan’s prescriptions via a database based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) inheritance assist system. Results The prescriptions containing Poria were commonly used to treat vertigo, stomachache, diarrhea and other syndromes. The highest frequently used drugs were Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Radix Paeoniae Rubra, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Parched Semen Ziziphi Spinosae, and Caulis Polygoni Multiflori. The most frequently used drug combinations were “Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Poria”, “Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Poria”, and“Poria, Parched Semen Ziziphi Spinosae”. The drug association rules that the confidence coefficient was more than 0.9 were “Carina→Oyster”, “Poria, Carina→Oyster”,“Oyster, Caulis Polygoni Multiflori→Carina”, and“Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae→Poria”. Conclusion The drugs in the prescriptions containing Poria that built by Pro. Yan mostly had the effects of regulating the flow of qi, relieving uneasiness of body and mind, and cooling the blood, which reflected the clearly thought when Pro. Yan made the prescriptions.

13.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 333-335, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445225

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the experience of Yang Boliang for the treatment of exogenous diseases. Methods The prescriptions for exogenous diseases that used by Yang Boliang were collected to build a database, and analyzed by the unsupervised data mining methods, such as apriori algorithm, entropy Clustering complex systems. Results The most frequently used drugs were tuckahoe, stir-baked fructus gardenia, rhizoma pinellinae praeparata, radix curcumae, radix scutellariae, tetrapanacis medulla, poria cocos, caulis bambusae in taenian, lobster sauce, bitter almond, poria with hostood, fructus forsythiae and so on. The core drug combinations were “fructus forsythia- burdock- lobster sauce”, “semen sojae germinatum- radix liquiritiae-talcum- poria with hostood”, “bitter almond- balloon flower- mulberry leaf”, and so on. Conclusion Yang Boliang treated exogenous diseases by using the drugs with relieving superficies by cooling, dispelling dampness and promoting dieresis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 30-32,33, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598992

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the medication rules for the treatment of hepatopathy by national medical masters. Methods The prescriptions for hepatopathy were collected to build a database based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) inheritance assist system. After analyzed by the data mining, such as apriori algorithm and complex system entropy cluster, the frequency of single medicine and drug combinations that used in prescriptions, and the association rules among drugs were obtained. Results The most frequently used drugs were Herba Artemisiae Capillaris, Tuckahoe, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, and Radix Bupleuri, et al. The most frequently used drug combinations were “Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Tuckahoe”, “Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, Tuckahoe”, and “Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Herba Artemisiae Capillaris”, et al. And when the confidence of drug association rules was 1, the drug combinations were“Radix et Rhizoma Rhei, Giant Knotweed→Herba Artemisiae Capillaris”,“Radix et Rhizoma Rhei, Radix curcumae→Herba Artemisiae Capillaris”, “Giant Knotweed, Gardenia→Herba Artemisiae Capillaris” and so on. Conclusion The medicines were often with the actions of clearing heat, removing dampness, regulating qi and activating blood circulation, which were used for the treatment of hepatopathy by national medical masters.

15.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 13-15,16, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598633

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the composing experience of Menghe physician Ma Peizhi for cough by TCM inheritance support system. Methods The prescriptions for cough of Ma Peizhi were collected, frequency and association of drugs were analyzed by using data mining methods such as revised mutual information, complex system entropy cluster and unsupervised hierarchical cluster. Results Based on the analysis of 57 prescriptions, the frequency of each herb and association rules among the herbs were computed, 18 core combinations and 9 new prescriptions were mined from the database. Conclusion Menghe physicians Ma Peizhi is well experienced in expelling wind and opening the inhibited lung, dissolving phlegm and relieving cough. TCM inheritance support system can be used to analyze clinical experience of old TCM doctor.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 141-144, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444183

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To analyze the experiences for impediment syndrome of Ma Peizhi of Menghe Medical Genre by using traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) inheritance support system.Method The prescriptions for impediment syndrome of Ma Peizhi were collected and inputted to TCM inheritance support system,from which we can get the frequency of drug usage and the relationship between drugs based on the association rules and clustering algorithm.Results In the 61 prescriptions,the drugs that used most frequently were Chinese Angelica,Largeleaf Gentian Root,and Twotoothed Aehyranthes Root,and the drug combinations that used most frequently were Largeleaf Gentian Root-Chinese Angelica,Chinese Angelica-Largeleaf Gentian Root,Chinese Angelica-Mulberry Twig.And there were also 26 core combinations and 13 new prescriptions mined from the database.Conclusion Ma Peizhi of Menghe Medical Genre was well experienced impediment syndrome by dispelling wind and removing dampness,and promoting blood circulation by removing blood stasis,from which we can make a conclusion that TCM inheritance support system can be used to analyze the doctors' clinical experiences.

17.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 14-17, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443756

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) induced by Chinese herbal injection for tonify, and provide reference for safety evaluation and rational use. Methods The ADR cases that issued on the domestic medicinal periodicals from 1972 to 2011 in China were collected comprehensively to build a database, and analyzed by statistic methods. Results Totally 233 ADR cases involving 7 different kinds of Chinese herbal injection for tonify were collected, in which 86 cases weighted the most were related to Huangqi Injection. Chinese herbal injection for tonify may induce multiple systematic ADRs. The incidence of respiratory damage was 27.0%(80 cases), which was dominated in the ADRs. The incidence of ADRs had no difference between the genders (male was 117 cases, 50.2%, and female was 116 cases, 49.8%), and the average age of patients was (51.40±16.67) years old. ADRs often occurred within half an hour after the start of infusion (64.5%). The diseases of patients mostly were cancer (19.3%), coronary heart disease (15.9%), and hypertension (6.0%), etc. Only 76 cases mentioned the combination therapy, which mainly combined with the drugs of antibiotics, other traditional Chinese medicines and vitamin. Conclusion ADRs of Chinese herbal injection for tonify are always induced by drug combinations, inappropriate medication, and other factors. To use Chinese herbal injection more rational and enhance prevention awareness may be the key to reduce the occurrence of ADRs.

18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 782-788, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456100

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Fufang-Danshen Injection (FD) in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris(UAP). Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs regarding FD in the treatment of UAP were collected through comprehensive searches of China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Database(VIP), Wan fang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database(CBM), PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library from January 1979 to December 2013. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of the included studies by the Cochrane risk of bias, and extracted the information from the included studies. Meta-analysis was conducted with the software Review Manager 5.2. Results A total of 13 studies with 1156 participants were included. In the meta-analysis, ①the total effective rate of UAP:in term of FD+conventional therapy with western medicine(WM)vsWM, the difference between two groups was statistically significant [RR=1.32, 95%CI(1.21, 1.43), P<0.01]; FD+low molecular weight heparin+WM vs WM, difference between two groups was also statistically significant [RR=1.29, 95% CI(1.17, 1.42), P<0.01], which indicated that the efficacy of experimental group was higher than the control group. Other interventions, such as FD+WM vs low molecular weight heparin+WM and FD vs WM, there was no significant difference between two groups. ②the total effective rate of ECG:in term of FD+WM vs WM, the difference between two groups was statistically significant [RR=1.34, 95%CI (1.14, 1.57), P<0.01]; in term of FD vs WM, difference between two groups was statistically significant [RR=1.49, 95%CI(1.13, 1.96), P<0.01], which indicated that experimental group can effectively improve the total effective rate of ECG. ③ frequency of angina attacks:in term of FD+WM vs WM, the difference between two groups was statistically significant [MD=1.07, 95%CI(0.48, 1.66), P<0.01]. No differences between groups existed in other analysis. ④ adverse drug reactions(ADRs):4 articles cleared that there was no ADRs in the studies, 4 studies reported ADRs, which represented headache, nausea, flushing and so on. There were 9 cases in the experimental group, and 9 in control group. Conclusion Based on the meta-analysis, FD was effective and relatively safe for the treatment of UAP in clinical. However, since the articles enrolled in the study were not in high quality, more qualified studies should be conducted for the further assessment of efficacy and safety of FD for UAP.

19.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 916-919, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454461

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the principle of the drug use ofMenghe PhysiciansMa-Peizhi by using the Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM)inheritance support system.Methods The prescriptions for the commonly encountered diseases that used byMa-Peizhi were collected to build a database, and analyze by the unsupervised data mining methods, such as apriori algorithm, entropy clustering complex systems, from which we could get the frequency of the drugs, the association rules between drugs, the core drug combinations, and so on.Results Based on the analysis of 745 prescriptions, the most frequently used drugs were tuckahoe, chiretta, paenoiae alba, dried orangepeel and dioscoreae. The core drug combinations were “radix rehmanniae recen- salivia chinensis-ophiopogon root”, “teasel root-viscum album-achyranthes”, “menispermaceae-heracleum hemsleyanum michaux-gentiana macrophylla”, and “mulberry leaf-periostracum cicadae-the root of balloon flower”. The new prescriptions were “mulberry leaf-viter rotundifolia-batryticated silkworm-periostracum cicadae-the root of balloon flower”, “teasel root-viscum album- achyranthes- ramulus mori- periplocae”, and so on.ConclusionMenghe PhysiciansMa-Peizhi was well experienced in treating the commonly encountered diseases by agile diagnosis and treatment, and addition or subtraction of changes based on the classical prescriptions.

20.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 19-20,21, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598539

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the drug combination of mutual restraint which is one of the application of seven different combination in drug in traditional Chinese medicine. Methods With the methods of association rules and complex system entropy clustering, we analyzed the drug combinations of mutual restraint that were collected from Compendium of Material Medica, to obtain the frequence of the single drug and drug combination of mutual restraint and the association rules between them. Results The single drugs with higher frequency are Rhizoma Coptidis, Fructus Crotonis, Rhei Radix Et Rhizoma, Azurite, Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii, etc. The drug combinations with higher frequency are Azurite and Artemisia capillaries, Fructus Crotonis and Rhizoma Coptidis, Fructus Crotonis and Soybean etc. The associative drug combinations which confidence is 1 include “Indigo juice → Fructus Crotonis”,“Indigo juice → Rhizoma Coptidis”, etc. Conclusion The drug combinations of mutual restraint mainly include mineral drugs, antipyretics, purgatives, and toxic drugs.

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