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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 290-298, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016489

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal motility disorder is an important cause of digestive system diseases. Patients often suffer from nausea, vomiting, gastric retention, gastroparesis, constipation, and many other symptoms, and their quality of life is seriously reduced. Prokinetic agents are routinely used in clinical practice, but their long-term use is prone to problems such as reduced efficacy and increased adverse reactions. Since the incidence of gastrointestinal diseases has continued to rise globally in recent years, there is an urgent need for clinical development of safe and effective treatment strategies. Aurantii Fructus, a traditional Chinese medicine, has the effect of smoothing Qi and eliminating distention, and it has been used to treat gastrointestinal diseases for thousands of years. In modern clinical practice, it is mainly used for the treatment and auxiliary treatment of various gastrointestinal diseases such as functional dyspepsia, functional constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome. The efficacy is remarkable, and no adverse reactions have been reported at conventional doses. Therefore, it can greatly improve the symptoms of patients with gastrointestinal diseases and improve their quality of life. Modern research has revealed that there are many active components in Aurantii Fructus, among which flavonoids have the highest content and the most types. Flavonoids are the main active components in Aurantii Fructus to regulate gastrointestinal motility. Aurantii Fructus and its active components can affect gastrointestinal hormones, neural pathways, Cajal mesenchymal cells, and other multiple mechanisms. They can adjust gastrointestinal motility and correct gastrointestinal motility disorders, showing potential application value in the treatment of gastrointestinal motility disorders. However, a comprehensive analysis of Aurantii Fructus in this aspect is still lacking. This study summarized the pharmacological activities of active components of Aurantii Fructus extract and its flavonoids, volatile oils, alkaloids, and coumarin on the regulation of gastrointestinal motility and explored the latest research progress on its mechanism. Finally, the adverse reactions of Aurantii Fructus were summarized. It aims to provide a scientific basis for the research and clinical application of Aurantii Fructus and its active components in the regulation of gastrointestinal motility.

2.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 16-20, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012551

ABSTRACT

BackgroundChronic insomnia is characterized by a prolonged and recurrent course. The efficacy of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a physical therapy method to improve sleep quality remains inadequately supported by evidence, particularly regarding its relationship with personality traits. ObjectiveTo explore the efficacy and influencing factors of rTMS in the treatment of chronic insomnia, and to provide insights into its therapeutic potential. MethodA total of 46 patients who met the diagnostic criteria for chronic insomnia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), and were treated at the Third Hospital of Mianyang from September 2022 to September 2023 were selected. Prior to treatment, participants underwent assessments using the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess sleep quality before treatment, at the end of the second week of treatment and one week post-treatment. ResultsAt the end of the second week of treatment, patients exhibited significantly improved total PSQI score and subscale scores related to subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance and daytime dysfunction (t=4.755~13.361, P<0.01), with 24 cases (54.35%) showing effective treatment outcomes. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that introverted and extroverted personality traits contributed significantly to the regression equation (B=0.317, P<0.01), explaining 29.90% of the total variation (R2=0.299). ConclusionrTMS treatment may effectively improve the sleep quality of patients with chronic insomnia, with its therapeutic effect appearing to associated with introverted and extroverted personality traits. [Funded by National Natural Science Project of China (number, 82372080)]

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 258-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976253

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo tentatively understand the status of radioactive contamination in nuclear medicine personnel. MethodsA total of 34 radiation staff engaged in nuclear medicine diagnosis and treatment were selected from two hospitals in Shanghai as the survey subjects.Among the 34 medical staff, 8 were nuclear medicine doctors, 14 were nuclear medicine technicians and 12 were nuclear medicine nurses. After surface contamination monitoring was first carried out to confirm that they had no surface radioactivity contamination, whole body scanning was performed with a whole body counter to determine whether they were internally contaminated with artificial radionuclides. ResultsThe α surface contamination was not detected in the nuclear medical staff. The β surface contamination of the nuclear medicine doctors, technicians and nurses was (13.8±0.8), (14.1±0.8) and (14.0±0.7) times per second, respectively. There were 2, 2, and 4 nuclear medicine doctors who were contaminated with 18F, 99mTc and 131I, 3, 5, and 2 nuclear medicine technicians who were contaminated with 18F, 99mTc and 131I, and 6, 8, and 5 nuclear medicine nurses who were contaminated with 18F, 99mTc and 131I, respectively. The 18F activity of nuclear medicine technicians was 1 997‒9 401 Bq, and the 99mTc activity of nuclear medicine technicians and nurses was 3 699‒18 692 and 652‒388 22 Bq, respectively. One nuclear medicine nurse had a 99mTc activity of 35 389 Bq. According to the preliminary estimation of 131I internal irradiation dose, the maximum committed effective dose of nuclear medicine doctors, technicians and nurses could reach 0.370, 0.018 and 0.584 mSv, respectively. ConclusionThe nuclear medicine staff are exposed to radioactive contamination, and it is important to monitor and evaluate their internal radiation doses.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 95-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998167

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the action mechanism of Linggan Wuwei Jiangxintang on the treatment of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. MethodTraditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), GeneCards, DisGeNET, and Herb databases were combined with clinical data from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) to screen the key targets of Linggan Wuwei Jiangxintang in the treatment of ALI. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed to screen the core targets, and gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed. The mouse ALI model was established by LPS induction to verify the effect and key targets of Linggan Wuwei Jiangxintang on the treatment of ALI. The expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), nuclear transcription factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65), and phosphorylated NF-κB p65 (NF-κB p-p65) in lung tissue were detected by Western blot. ResultThe analysis showed that the treatment of ALI with Linggan Wuwei Jiangxintang was related to 10 core targets such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and JUN, involving TNF signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, NF-κB signaling pathway, etc. The animal experimental results show that Linggan Wuwei Jiangxintang can reduce lung injury, improve the pathological state of ALI mice, significantly reduce the expression of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum, increase the activity of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and catalase (CAT) in lung tissue, and reduce the expression levels of JUN, TLR4, NF-κB p65, and NF-κB p-p65 proteins in lung tissue. ConclusionLinggan Wuwei Jiangxintang can inhibit LPS-induced inflammation and oxidative damage in ALI mice, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and the reduction of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α and IL-6.

5.
Digital Chinese Medicine ; (4): 357-368, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997738

ABSTRACT

@#,Objective To analyze the current status and development trends of the patents of spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food in China, and to provide ideas and references for the research and development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food. @*Methods@#The State Administration for Market Regulation website’s “Special Food Information Query Platform” and the incoPat global patent database were searched in this study. Based on the methods of bibliometrics, the registered health food and patents related to spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food in China were sorted out. Furthermore, the research and development numbers, provinces, institutions, technology and efficacy classification, major drugs, active ingredients and others of invigorating spleen health food in China were analyzed, and filtered patent data were visualized and analyzed by R programming language and CytoScape software. @*Results@# A total of 285 patents of health food with the homology of medicine and food for invigorating spleen were included and analyzed. From 2012, the patent registration numbers of these spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food increased significantly in China. Over the past 20 years, the top five provinces in terms of patent disclosures were Guangdong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Shandong, and Guangxi. It was found that the technical efficacy of over 20 patents was described as “immune enhancement” “digestion” “disease prevention”, etc. Patent applications were mainly aimed at the research and development of the preservation of food or ingredients, the specific therapeutic activity of compounds, and pharmaceutical preparations, which were led by corporation research and development registrations, and supplemented by applications from research institutions and individuals. Among the 285 patents, the top 10 raw materials of spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food were Shanyao (Dioscoreae Rhizoma), Fuling (Poria), Shanzha (Crataegi Fructus), Baizhu (Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma), Chenpi (Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium), Dazao (Jujubae Fructus), Gancao (Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma), Fengmi (Mel), Maiya (Hordei Fructus Germinatus), and Dangshen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma). The main functions were to nourish spleen and replenish Qi, invigorate spleen and benefit lungs, nourish blood and promote fluid production, and nourish spleen and stomach. @*Conclusion@#The main drug composition and functional components of spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food are relatively clear, and the technical effects of invigorating the spleen and stomach, eliminating accumulation of food, and enhancing immunity are highly targeted. This paper provides evidence for the research and development, mechanism research, and process improvement of spleen-invigorating health food with the homology of medicine and food in the future.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4773-4783, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008057

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is the pathogen causing swine mycoplasmal pneumonia. The lack of well-established animal models of M. hyopneumoniae infection has delayed the progress of M. hyopneumoniae-related anti-infection immunity studies. This paper reviews the inflammatory response, the recognition of M. hyopneumoniae by the innate immune system, and the role of innate immune cells, complement system, antimicrobial peptides, autophagy, and apoptosis in M. hyopneumoniae infection. The aim was to elucidate the important roles played by the components of the innate immune system in the control of M. hyopneumoniae infection, and prospect key research directions of innate immune response of M. hyopneumoniae infection in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae , Pneumonia of Swine, Mycoplasmal , Immunity, Innate
7.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 462-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972386

ABSTRACT

Background Based on numerous epidemiological studies, radionuclide 131I can result in thyroid disease. Objective To study the contamination level of thyroid 131I in 131I treatment associated radiation workers in nuclear medicine departments in Shanghai. Methods Based on a general survey on basic situation of nuclear medicine in Shanghai, the level of internal exposure of radiation workers involved in 131I treatment was assessed with questionnaires and on-site monitoring. A portable γ spectrometer was used for on-site detection, the intake and annual effective dose were estimated according to the measurement results. Physical examination reports were collected for radionuclide positive workers, and chromosome testing was performed. Results There were 579 nuclear medicine workers and 175 were engaged in 131I treatment in Shanghai. 131I was detected in thyroid of 18 workers, with a detection rate of 10.3%. Among them, the detection rates of thyroid 131I in nurses and cleaners were 23% and 25% respectively. The mean measured activity of thyroid 131I was 306.1 Bq and the maximum measured activity was 3716.9 Bq (nurse). The maximum intake was estimated at 37544 Bq and the median was 786.4 Bq. The average annual committed effective dose was 1.22 mSv and the maximum value was 14.87mSv. The chromosomal aberration rates of all detected workers were negative, and all blood indicators were normal except one with low hemoglobin. Conclusion The annual dose of nuclear medical staff engaged in 131I treatment does not exceed the national standard limit, but the internal exposure of nurses and cleaners should not be ignored. On the basis of strengthening protection and decontamination, routine internal exposure monitoring should be carried out.

8.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 248-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986748

ABSTRACT

BackgroundInsomnia disorder has become a common disease in the current society. Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI) is one of the non-drug treatment methods for insomnia disorder, but relevant studies of its effect on sleep quality and cognitive function of patients with insomnia disorder are limited. ObjectiveTo explore the effects of CBTI on sleep quality and cognitive function in patients with insomnia disorder, so as to provide references for non-drug treatment of insomnia disorder. MethodsA total of 47 patients with insomnia disorder were recruited as the study subjects. They all met the diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) and have visited Sichuan Mental Health Center from January 2021 to October 2022. The patients underwent CBTI for 6 weeks. Before the treatment, depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed using Hamilton Depression Scale-24 item (HAMD-24) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA). Sleep status and cognitive function were assessed using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) before and 6 weeks after the treatment. Spearman correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation between the reduction of PSQI score and the increase of MoCA score after treatment. ResultsAfter the 6-week treatment, the factor scores and total score of PSQI across 6 subscales (the sleep quality, sleep onset time, sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep disorder and daytime dysfunction) were lower than those before the treatment, and the score differences were of statistical significance (t=5.569~15.290, P<0.01). Both factor and total scores of MoCA across 6 items (visuospatial and executive, naming, attention, language, abstraction and memory) were significantly higher than those before the treatment with score differences reaching statistical significance (t=-11.273~-4.277, P<0.01). Spearman correlation analysis demonstrated that there was a positive correlation between the decrease in PSQI total score and the increase in MoCA total score after the 6-week CBTI treatment (r=0.323, P=0.027). ConclusionCBTI may help improve sleep quality and cognitive function in patients with insomnia disorders. The improvement of sleep quality after CBTI intervention may be related to the improvement of cognitive function. [Funded by Scientific Research Project of Sichuan Provincial Health Commission (number, 19PJ216)]

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 28-30,46, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606378

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate CT image features of pleomorphic adenoma and adenolymphoma,and to improve the diagno-sis accuracy.Methods CT data of 1 3 cases of pleomorphic adenomas and 9 cases of adenolymphomas confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed and compared.Results All 1 3 cases of pleomorphic adeonoma were solitary lesions,in which 1 1 cases were located in the non posterior inferior quadrant,and 1 1 cases showed persistent or delayed enhancement,with “slowly forward and slowly quit”enhancement performance.In all of the 9 cases of adenolymphoma,3 cases were multiple lesions.In total of 1 3 lesions, 9 lesions were located in the posterior inferior quadrant,and 9 lesions were significantly enhanced in the arterial phase and enhance-ment was decreased in the delayed phase,which showed “quickly forward and quickly quit”.Conclusion CT image features of pleo-morphic adenoma and adenolymphoma are different.Most of lesions can be diagnosed correctly before surgery by using image fea-tures with clinical information.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3801-3804, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically review therapeutic efficacy of Haikun shenxi capsule in the treatment of chronic renal failure (CRF).METHODS:Retrieved from Central,PubMed,EMBase,CJFD,CBM,VIP and Wanfang database,randomized clinical trials (RCTs) about Haikun shenxi capsule combined with routine treatment (trial group)vs.single routine treatment (control group) in the treatment of CRF were collected.Meta-analysis was performed by Rev Man 5.3 software after screening literature,extracting data and evaluating quality by using risk bias evaluation of Cochrane collaboration network.RESULTS:A total of 10 RCTs were included eventually,involving 704 patients.The results of analysis showed that compared to general therapy,Haikun shenxi capsule could improve total effective rate [RR =4.42,95 % CI (2.70,7.22),P< 0.001],and could reduce SCr[MD =-140.37,95 % CI (-191.72,-89.03),P< 0.001],BUN[MD =-5.49,95 % CI (-8.36,-2.63),P< 0.001] and 24 h-Upro [MD =-0.43,95 % CI (-0.62,-0.23),P< 0.001],with statistical significance.CONCLUSIONS:The clinical efficacy of Haikun shenxi capsule in the treatment of CRF is good and significantly improve related indexes of renal function.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3801-3804, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically review therapeutic efficacy of Haikun shenxi capsule in the treatment of chronic renal failure (CRF).METHODS:Retrieved from Central,PubMed,EMBase,CJFD,CBM,VIP and Wanfang database,randomized clinical trials (RCTs) about Haikun shenxi capsule combined with routine treatment (trial group)vs.single routine treatment (control group) in the treatment of CRF were collected.Meta-analysis was performed by Rev Man 5.3 software after screening literature,extracting data and evaluating quality by using risk bias evaluation of Cochrane collaboration network.RESULTS:A total of 10 RCTs were included eventually,involving 704 patients.The results of analysis showed that compared to general therapy,Haikun shenxi capsule could improve total effective rate [RR =4.42,95 % CI (2.70,7.22),P< 0.001],and could reduce SCr[MD =-140.37,95 % CI (-191.72,-89.03),P< 0.001],BUN[MD =-5.49,95 % CI (-8.36,-2.63),P< 0.001] and 24 h-Upro [MD =-0.43,95 % CI (-0.62,-0.23),P< 0.001],with statistical significance.CONCLUSIONS:The clinical efficacy of Haikun shenxi capsule in the treatment of CRF is good and significantly improve related indexes of renal function.

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