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1.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 684-688, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989140

ABSTRACT

Malignant cerebral edema (MCE) can lead to deterioration of neurological function in patients with acute ischemic stroke, and significantly increase the mortality and disability rate. Therefore, early detection and intervention of MCE is crucial for saving patients' lives. This article reviews the predictors and preventive scales of MCE after acute ischemic stroke.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 525-531, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of conventional ultrasound combined with automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) in predicting axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM) of patients with invasive ductal carcinoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in 96 patients in the General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command from January 2014 to December 2020. All patients were examined by conventional ultrasound and ABVS before treatment. The patients were divided into the ALNM group and non-axillary lymph node metastasis (N-ALNM) group according to the postoperative pathological results. The differences of ultrasound parameters between the two groups were compared, and Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent predictive factors of ALNM. The ROC curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy for ALNM.Results:Compared with the N-ALNM group, the ALNM group had the characteristics of larger long diameters, unclear boundary, uneven internal echo, Adler blood flow grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ and retraction phenomenon (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the long diameter, uneven internal echo, and retraction phenomenon were independent predictors of ALNM ( OR=1.051, 4.055, 3.493, all P<0.05). The area under curve of ALNM was 0.752(0.653-0.834), the sensitivity and specificity were 54.7% and 83.7%, respectively. Conclusions:The long diameter, uneven internal echo, and retraction phenomenon measured by conventional ultrasound and ABVS are independent predictors of ALNM. The combination of the three can provide imaging references for the evaluation of ALNM of breast cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 647-651, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a fetus with congenital orofacial cleft.@*METHODS@#Single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array) was carried out on skin tissues sampled from the fetus following induced abortion for the detection of copy number variation (CNVs). Pathogenicity of the candidate gene was validated through experiment.@*RESULTS@#SNP array revealed that the fetus has carried a hemizygous 9.23Mb deletion at Xq21.31-q22.1(91 063 807-100 293 555), which was inherited from its mother. The region contained 13 OMIM genes and 1 ncRNA coding gene(MIR548M). Inhibiting of the expression of the MIR548M gene in oral epithelial celllines has resulted in up-regulation of the expression of SUMO1 gene which was known to involve in the pathogenesis of orofacial cleft.@*CONCLUSION@#Dosage insufficiency of the MIR548M gene may underlie the etiology of orofacial cleft in this fetus.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations/genetics , Fetus , MicroRNAs/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , SUMO-1 Protein
4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 737-740, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872574

ABSTRACT

At present, laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection is safe and feasible. Compared with traditional open surgery, laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection has less postoperative pain, earlier recovery, and similar oncology outcomes. However, traditional laparoscopic surgery has more puncture holes and requires additional incision to remove specimens, which may potentially increase the complications and weaken the minimally invasive effects in patients. In recent years, single-port laparoscopy technology has been proposed and applied in clinical practice which can be used to supplementing the shortcomings of traditional multi-port laparoscopy technology. However, the proposal of any new technology will be followed by controversy. This article reviews the application status of single-port laparoscopy surgery in colorectal cancer surgery in recent years.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3138-3143, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of octreotide combined with conventional therapy in alleviating malignant bowel obstruction (MBO), and provide evidence-based reference for clinical medication. METHODS: Retrieved from Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang database and Google academic, RCTs about octreotide combined with conventional therapy (trial group) vs. conventional therapy (control group) for relieving MBO were collected. After literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation with Cochrane system evaluator manual 5.0 risk evaluation tool, Meta-analysis was conducted by using Rev Man 5.3 statistical software. RESULTS: A total of 13 items of RCT were included, with a total of 850 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that total response rate of trial group was significantly higher than control group [OR=5.30,95%CI(3.47,8.10),P<0.000 01]. Results of subgroup analysis showed that total response rate of single administration patients [OR=6.88,95%CI(3.22,4.68),P<0.000 01] and continuous administration patients [OR=4.60, 95%CI(2.76,7.68), P<0.000 01] in trial group were significantly higher than control group. The abdominal distension relief time [MD=-3.92, 95%CI(-4.15, -3.70), P<0.000 01], abdominal pain relief time [MD=-3.37, 95%CI(-3.61,-3.14), P<0.000 01], nausea and vomiting relief time [MD=-2.46, 95%CI(-2.81,-2.21), P<0.000 01] and exhaust relief time [MD=-2.88, 95%CI(-3.31, -2.46), P<0.000 01] in trial group were significantly shorter than control group. Subgroup analysis of exhaust relief time showed that exhaust relief time of single administration patients [MD=-2.90,95%CI(-3.48,-2.32),P<0.000 01] and continuous administration patients [MD=-2.71, 95%CI(-3.14,-2.29), P<0.000 01] in trial group were significantly shorter than control group. After treatment, the gastrointestinal decompression volume (P<0.05) and the incidence of ADR [OR=0.28,95%CI(0.13,0.62),P=0.001] in trial group were significantly lower than in control group. CONCLUSIONS: Octreotide combined with conventional treatment is safe and effective in alleviating MBO.

6.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 643-648, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774160

ABSTRACT

Bioelectrical impedance measurement technology is a non-invasive detection technology for extracting human physiological and pathological information. The analysis method of the relationship between bioimpedance and human physiological parameters is an important part of this technology. In order to calculate the internal and external liquid volume of human cells more accurately, based on the Moissl equation for calculating the internal and external fluid volume of human cells, a segmented human bioimpedance spectrum measurement model and an improved calculation method of intracellular and external fluid capacity were proposed. The measurement and calculation experiments of the intracellular and extracellular fluid volume before and after the human body's water intake were designed and compared with the Moissl calculation method. The results show that the improved calculation method can calculate the intracellular and extracellular fluid volumes more effectively, and the relative error is less than 5%, which may provide new ideas or more accurate methods for the analysis of human body components, facilitating the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Water , Electric Impedance , Extracellular Fluid , Intracellular Fluid
7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 811-814, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669004

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characters of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD).Methods From Oct 2013 to Jun 2016,after evaluating of movement disorder by modified Hoehn-Yahr(H-Y) scale and LUTS by international prostate symptom score (IPSS),urodynamic study was performed in PD patients with LUTS.The incidence of every symptom of LUTS,the relationships between the IPSS categories and urodynamic study were analyzed.Results 64 patients (containing 26 male and 38 female) with 40-80 (62.7 ± 10.2) years old were included.2,4,30,19,12 and 6 patients were belonged to modified H-Y scale 1-4,respectively.Frequency (50 patients,78.1%) was the most common LUTS,while frequency all day (20 patients,31.3%) was the most common symptom for the most severe LUTS.IPSS was 1 7.5 ± 7.8 (4-35) and quality of life was 5.1 ± 0.6 (4-6) for the patients.There was no significant correlation between modified H-Y scale and IPSS (P > 0.05).According to the criteria of IPSS,28 patients (43.8%) only had irritative symptoms,3 patients (4.7%) only had obstructive symptoms,while 26 patients (40.6%) had mixed symptoms and 7 patients (10.9%) belonged to no one.Urodynamic study showed 11 patients (39.3%) with only irritative symptoms had detrusor overactivity(DO),6 patients (23.1%) with mixed symptoms had DO + bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) or DO + detrusor underactivity,however,there was no one with BOO in the three patients with only obstructive symptoms.Conclusion Frequency was the most common LUTS,while frequency all day was the most common symptom for the most severe LUTS in PD patients.Irritative and mixed symptoms were common in PD patients with LUTS,but the urodynamic results were not consistent with the category of LUTS in most of the patients.LUTS severity was not correlated with movement disorders in PD patients.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2167-2169, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492854

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the present situation of anticoagulant therapy on the elderly non valvular atrial fibrilla‐tion (NVAF) hospitalized patients with thromboembolic complications [ischemic stroke ,transient ischemic(TIA)] .Methods A to‐tal of 255 hospital patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from 2012 to 2014 were recorded by retrospective case analysis .The basic characteristics ,the risk factors of AF ,the medical treatment plan and INR monitoring were analyzed respectively with SPSS20 .0 statistical software .Results A total of 255 patients were enrolled ,66 cases (25 .88% ) were treated with anticoagulation ,and 157 cases (61 .57% ) were treated by antiplatelet drugs .In patients who were taken anticoagulant drugs ,the rate of INR was 15 .15% .Conclusion In the elderly nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients with thromboembolic compli‐cations ,the rate of anticoagulant therapy is lower than expected .More than half patients were treated by antiplatelet drugs .The pa‐tient who were treated anticoagulation therpy had a low rate of INR standard rate .

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1487-1494, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505451

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the results of computer-aid customized acetabular cages for patients with severe defects.Methods Twenty-three patients (8 males and 15 females) with a massive acetabular defects were involved in the present study from January 2005 to September 2014.The average age was 64.2 years (range,46-79 years).According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) classification,20 had AAOS type Ⅲ defects and three had AAOS type Ⅳ defects.The customized cages were individualized to each patient's bone defects based on the rapid prototype three-dimensional printed models.The mean follow-up duration was 66.3 months (range,24-120 months).The clinical and radiographic outcomes of all patients were assessed at 6 and 12 weeks after surgery and at once yearly thereafter.Harris hip scores were assessed before surgery and at each follow-up.Postoperative radiographs were evaluated for cage position,migration,and graft incorporation.Complications and reoperations were assessed by chart review.Results The mean Harris hip score improved from 36.2±7.9 (range,20-49) to 81.8± 8.4 (range,60-96),and there is a significant difference between pre-and post-operation (t=23.23,P<0.001).Individualized custom cages resulted in generally reliable restoration of the hip center.The difference of horizontal distance (between the center of each hip and pubic symphysis) between bilateral sides was-3.0±6.4 mm (range,-19-8 mm).The difference of vertical distance (between the center of each hip and the line connecting the inferior border of the bilateral tear drop) between bilateral sides was 0.4±2.8 mm (range,-4.5-5 mm).No re-revisions had been conducted.None of the cups showed radiographic migration,while one cage was suspected to be loose based on a circumferential 2-mm radiolucent line.Cancellous allografts appeared to be incorporated in 22 of 23 patients.One deep infection and one superficial infection were observed and were treated with irrigation,debridement,and vacuum sealing drainage.One dislocation and one suspected injury of the superior gluteal nerve also were observed and were treated conservatively.Conclusion Individualized customized cages appears to provide stable fixation and improve hip scores at short or mid-term follow-up.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2737-2739, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498073

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the present situations of anticoagulant treatment of non-valvular atri-al fibrillation in order to get better guidance of the clinical anticoagulant therapy and reduce the incidence of stroke caused by atrial fibrillation. Methods The clinical data of NVAF patients hospitalized in the first affili-ated hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 1 , 2012 to December 31 , 2014 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed in terms of basic characteristics , medical treatment plan and INR monitoring. Results A total of 1,390 patients were enrolled, 85.97% of whom needed anticoagulant therapy and 25.18% of whom were treated with anticoagulants. For 15.71% of the NVAF patients treated with warfarin , INR met the standard during hospitalization. In the study, such factors as age, coronary heart disease, history of stroke and history of bleed-ing might affect prescription of anticoagulant drugs. Conclusion Most NVAF patients need anticoagulant thera-py, but the rate of anticoagulant therapy is lower than we expected. Among those patients treated with warfarin during hospitalization , the rate of INR meeting the standard is at a lower level. The novel oral anticoagulants are not in wide use in the clinical practice.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4988-4991, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484056

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the immunization knowledge ,attitudes ,practice and requirements of the custodians of left‐behind/non‐left‐behind children in rural areas of Chongqing and to explore intervening measures .Methods Totally 1 441 com‐plete questionnaires were obtained by surveying the custodians of 1 year old left‐behind/non left‐behind children in 3 counties .Im‐munization records were checked to acquire vaccination information .Results Custodians of left‐behind children had poorer educa‐tion ,immunization knowledge and less comply with immunization behaviors than custodians of non‐left‐behind children .Village doc‐tors were essential to immunization work in rural areas .Conclusion We suggest pulling peer education in publicity and education for families with left‐behind children .It is important to mobilize the enthusiasm of village doctors ,and pay more attentions to the immunization work of left‐behind children .

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2245-2246,2249, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601315

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of rubella since 2008 ,while the vaccine first used in Chongqing .Methods Descriptive epidemiological study was applied to analyze the cases on rubella from 2008 to 2013 ,and the Excel was used for data analysis .Results From 2008 to 2010 ,the rubella incidence rate reported in Chongqing decreased from 18 .97 per 100 000 to 2 .07 per 100 000 ,but it gave a rebounding trend in 2011 to 2012 .The rubella cases mostly affected children of 6 -14 years old and the epidemic peak was from April to June .Although ,the vaccination rate of rubella increased year by year from 2008 to 2013 ,even in 2012 it reached up to 90% ,but the vaccination coverage was low in primary and middle schools .100 epidemic out‐breaks happened ,91% of which happened in primary and middle schools ,accounting for 18 .74% of all reported cases .Conclusion Students in primary and middle school were easily infected with rubella virus ,the vaccination work should be strengthened for fur‐ther control the rubella infection .Secondary immune of Rubella vaccine of 6 or 7 years old children will contribute to control the outbreak of rubella among school‐age children ,and the rubella vaccine should expand its immunization objects .

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2767-2769, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453234

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risks of HBV infection among the spouses of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg)carriers and to find out effective control strategies on hepatitis B control and prevention .Methods To use case-control study(1∶2) including spouses of HBsAg carriers aged 18 -59 years-old from the nationwide sero-epidemiological survey for Hepatitis B in Chonqing province in 2005 ,and the spouses of the healthy(HBsAg negative persons)as the control groups ,adopt euzymelinked immunosor-bent assay(ELISA) to carry out the sero-epidemiological testing (HBsAg ,anti-HBc ,anti-HBs) for Hepatitis B .Results The posi-tive rate of HBsAgamong the spouses of HBsAg carriers (14 .8% ) was higher than the rate of spouse among the healthy (7 .5% ) , with difference statistically significant (P<0 .01) ,the positive rate of HBsAg in female spouse was uptrend as the marriage age grown ,multiple factor analysis found that the risks of HBV infection among the spouses were their spouse with HBsAg and without condom when the sexual behavior .Conclusion The spouses of HBsAg carriers have high risks of HBV .Premarital examinations , safety sexual behaviors with condom ,timely hepatitis B vaccination etc .are helpful for the spouses of HBsAg carriers free of hepati-tis B virus ,especially female spouses should insist on using condom when the sexual behavior because of them easier to be infected by the hepatitis B virus .

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2637-2638,2671, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599438

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the work effect after supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) of Hepatitis B vaccine , thus to find the focal point in future hepatitis B prevention .Methods useing statistical method to analysis the data of investigation from 2004 to 2012 of hepatitis B vaccination rate ,the data of selective SIAs of hepatitis B vaccine and the incidence of hepatitis B . Results With the supporting of GAVI project ,the whole course vaccination rate and the timely first dose rate of hepatitis B were obviously increased(P<0 .01) ,supplementary immunization rate of hepatitis B was increased year by year and the incidence of hep-atitis B among 0-14 years old children decreased at 78 .42/100 ,000 .Conclusion The vaccination rate of hepatitis B shows a high and stable trend in Chongqing ,but we need to form a long term mechanism without project supporting to push forward hepatitis B prevention for the newborn .And on the base of doing good jobs in hepatitis B vaccination for the newborn ,we should also expand the hepatitis b vaccination priority to people over the age of 14 .

15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 756-759, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254423

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic gastric cancer surgery, which has been gradually accepted by surgeons and popularized worldwide, is a less invasive alternative compared with an open procedure. However, the lack of cognition of the variation in perigastric vessels, and the difficulty to obtain a full-view image and to estimate the three-dimensional (3D) relationships between organs during laparoscopic procedures may lead to unexpected injuries of these vessels, causing massive bleeding, which would prevent surgeon from having access to a good view of the operative field. We retrospectively summarize the data of laparoscopic gastric cancer operation in our hospital, separate the perigastric vessels into three areas according to the procedure, respectively the inferior pylorus, superior pancreas, and hilum of spleen, and analyze the common anatomical variation of vessels and its characters. We propose that, following the right anatomical spaces, the familiarity of perigastric vessels and skills of treating its common anatomical variations, may contribute to the safe and effective operation, improve the level of lymph node dissection, and reduce the injury in the operation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrectomy , Methods , Laparoscopy , Methods , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Vascular Malformations , General Surgery
16.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 818-824, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438225

ABSTRACT

phological changes in rat liver tissues. TLR4 and NF-κB expression in the liver tissues were measured by im-munohistochemistry . The results showed that compared with the normal group , the serum levels of transaminase ( ALT , AST ) and endotoxin of the model group were higher ( P < 0 . 01 ); and the degree of liver pathology injury was significantly increased; the TLR4 and NF-кB expression were increased (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the serum levels of transaminase (ALT, AST) and endotoxin of the experimental group were lower (P < 0.01), the degree of liver pathology injury was significantly lighter; the TLR4 and NF-кB expression were significantly lower (P < 0.01). It was concluded that the WYJDHY granules has a good role in the prevention and treatment of liver injury of rat model of hepatic failure IETM through the downregulation of liver expression of TLR4 and NF-кB in rat liver tissues , reducing serum levels of endotoxin , which may be one of the mecha-nisms on hepatic failure treatment .

17.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 325-326,330, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601952

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of antiapoptotic gene Aven in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its relationship with clinical features of ALL. Methods Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of Aven mRNA in 55 cases of childhood ALL The control group included 11 childhood patients with no malignant hematological diseases. Results Aven mRNA expression was found to be higher in patients ≥10 years old and was also significantly higher in relapsed patients. Univariate and multivariate analysis indicated that Aven overexpression was an independent poor prognostic factor. Conclusion Aven mRNA expression is abnormal in childhood ALL and is an independent poor prognostic factor.

18.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 550-554, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387566

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate reverse effect of recombinant human Endostatin on drug-resistance of A549/DDP cells to cisplatin (DDP). Methods Lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 and its DDP-resistant cell line A549/DDP were treated with DDP and recombinant human Endostatin. Difference in drug resistance was analyzed between different regimens ( DDP, Endostatin and combination) and between different cell lines ( human lung adenocarcinoma A549 and drug resistant A549/DDP), after a 72h-treatment in vitro. Reverse effect of recombinant human Endostatin on drug-resistance of A549/DDP to DDP was tested by MTT assay. Results The observed 50% inhibitory concentration ( IC50 ) was (0.72 ± 0.05 ) ug/ml against A549 and ( 11.54 ± 0.64)against A549/DDP in DDP, and (2.0 ± 0.1 ) μg/ml against A549/DDP in rh-Endostatin- DDP combination respectively, with a reversal fold (RF) of 5.77 and a relative reversal rate of 88. 2%. Conclusion rh-Endostatin may reverse drug-resistance of A549/DDP cells to DDP.

19.
Journal of Chongqing Medical University ; (12)2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect to treatment adherence of defaulter action implement for patients with Tuberculosis in Chongqing and explore a proper cure management system to timely find out the TB patients who stop picking medicine on time;Methods:Carrying out intervention method to TB patients with positive sputum in intervention counties,then using qualitative study to analysis the effect of implementing the intervention;Results:After the intervention,the adherence of TB patients is obviously improved;Conclusion:Proposed method is a effective and feasible management to the TB patients who stop picking medicine during anti-TB treatment,which bring positive effect on TB patients' adherence and TB cure rate.

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