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1.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 5-5, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010718

ABSTRACT

Bone formation and deposition are initiated by sensory nerve infiltration in adaptive bone remodeling. Here, we focused on the role of Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), expressed by sensory nerves, in mechanical loads-induced bone formation and nerve withdrawal using orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) model. Firstly, bone formation was activated after the 3rd day of OTM, coinciding with a decrease in sensory nerves and an increase in pain threshold. Sema3A, rather than nerve growth factor (NGF), highly expressed in both trigeminal ganglion and the axons of periodontal ligament following the 3rd day of OTM. Moreover, in vitro mechanical loads upregulated Sema3A in neurons instead of in human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) within 24 hours. Furthermore, exogenous Sema3A restored the suppressed alveolar bone formation and the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLCs induced by mechanical overload. Mechanistically, Sema3A prevented overstretching of F-actin induced by mechanical overload through ROCK2 pathway, maintaining mitochondrial dynamics as mitochondrial fusion. Therefore, Sema3A exhibits dual therapeutic effects in mechanical loads-induced bone formation, both as a pain-sensitive analgesic and a positive regulator for bone formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Remodeling , Cell Differentiation , Osteogenesis , Semaphorin-3A/pharmacology , Trigeminal Ganglion/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 714-720, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory role of defferentially expressed LOC107987438 in the pathogenesis of depressive disorder and provide a theoretical basis for its clinical application in depressive disorder.Methods:Differential expression of LOC107987438 was verified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR)in peripheral blood monocular cells(PBMCs)of 60 patients with depressive disorder and 60 health controls. In addition, its diagnostic value was assessed by receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves. Based on the ceRNA mechanism of lncRNA, the miRDB database was applied to predict the target miRNAs of LOC107987438, and the miRNAs with target score ≥ 80 among them were screened out.The screened miRNAs were then used to predict their potential target mRNAs through four databases which were TargetScan 8.0, miRTarBase, mirDIP and miRPathDB. Moreover, the predicted target mRNAs were annotated for gene ontology(GO)function annotation and tokoyo encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis via ClusterProfiler 4.0.5 package of R 4.1.1. Finally, a protein-protein interaction network was constructed using the STRING 11.5 platform to retrieve the interacting genes.Results:The qRT-PCR results showed that normalized expression of LOC107987438 in PBMCs of patients with depressive disorder was higher than that in health controls(depressive disorder: 2.084±1.357, health controls: 1.000±0.660, P<0.001). The ROC curve results showed that the area under curves(AUC)of LOC107987438 was 0.759(95% CI: 0.675-0.842, P<0.05), indicating its high potential diagnostic value. Bioinformatics analysis showed that hsa-miR-4670-3p, hsa-miR-619-3p, hsa-miR-6721-5p and hsa-miR-297 were the miRNAs with high bindings to LOC107987438. The results of KEGG signaling pathway enrichment revealed that hypoxia-inducible factor 1(HIF-1)signaling pathway, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-AKT(PI3K-Akt) signaling pathway and erythroblastic oncogene B(ErbB) signaling pathway were closely associated with depressive disorder. Among the top ten key genes screened by the protein-protein interaction network, kirsten rats arcomaviral oncogene homolog(KRAS), androgen receptor(AR), cyclic-AMP response binding protein1(CREB1), insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF1), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B(CDKN1B) and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type Ⅱ alpha(CAMK2A)were strongly associated with depressive disorder. Conclusion:The establishment of ceRNA regulatory network of LOC107987438 provides a theoretical basis for exploring the pathophysiology of depressive disorders.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 416-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979524

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the effect and prognosis of patients with ventricular septal rupture after myocardial infarction treated by surgical repair combining an occluder and a patch. Methods     Clinical data of 42 patients with myocardial infarction complicated with ventricular septal rupture admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2010 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the surgical methods, 27 patients were divided into a traditional group, including 17 males and 10 females, with an average age of 62.81±6.81 years, who were repaired by patch only, and 15 patients were divided into a modified group, including 11 males and 4 females, with an average age of 64.27±9.24 years, who were repaired by surgery combining an occluder and a patch. Perioperative and follow-up data of the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results     There were statistical differences between the two groups in preoperative Killip grading, rate of intra-aortic balloon pump use, interval from myocardial infarction to operation, and the number of culprit artery (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in other preoperative data, the cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamping time, postoperative hospital stay or in-hospital death rate between the two groups (P>0.05). No residual shunt occurred in the modified group, and the difference was statistically significant compared with the traditional group (P=0.038). There was no statistical difference in other complications between the two groups (P>0.05). The median follow-up time was 4 years. Two patients in the traditional group and one in the modified group died during follow-up. The follow-up cardiac function grading of patients in the modified group was statistically different from that in the traditional group (P=0.023). Conclusion     The perioperative  mortality of ventricular septal rupture after myocardial infarction is high, but the long-term effect is satisfactory. Surgical repair combining an occluder and a patch is a safe and effective treatment for ventricular septal rupture, which can effectively reduce postoperative residual shunt.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 196-201, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influencing factors of doctors′ compliance intention towards clinical pathways at diagnosis-related groups(DRG) pilot hospitals, as a reference in advancing the development of critical pathways management and the transition of DRG payment methods from pilot exploration to actual payment.Methods:With purposive sampling method, an online questionnaire survey was conducted on doctors at 4 tertiary hospitals involved in the DRG pilot in Wuhan from December 2020 to February 2021. The questionnaire covered doctors′ basic personal information, identification degree of three dimensions based on the theory of planned behavior, as well as their past compliance behavior and compliance willingness of clinical pathways. The influence of different factors on doctors′ clinical path compliance intention was analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and the ordered multi-class logistic regression analysis was used in multivariate analysis.Results:335 valid questionnaires were obtained, of which 205(61.2%) doctors had high willingness to follow clinical pathways. Such factors as degree of attention to peer doctors′ attitudes towards clinical pathways( OR=16.44), sufficient understanding of the documents( OR=14.91), the adaptation between information systems and clinical pathways( OR=12.54), sufficient learning resources( OR=9.42), and high enrollment rate of their patients in charge in the past six months( OR=5.77), could positively affect the doctors′ willingness to follow clinical pathways. The high enrollment completion rate of patients cared by doctors in the past six months( OR=0.09) and the high mutation rate caused by medical prescriptions( OR=0.00) negatively affected doctors′ compliance intention towards clinical pathway. Conclusions:Most doctors at DRG pilot hospitals had high willingness to comply with the clinical pathways. The main factors affecting their willingness to follow the clinical pathway include, previous relevant work experience, the attitude of peer doctors, and support resources. To increase doctors′ compliance willingness towards clinical pathway, it is necessary to speed up the DRG payment process, adopt a flexible management model, enhance the sense of participation of doctors, and ensure adequate support vesources.

5.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 444-449, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the accuracy of different questionnaires in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) screening.Methods:From January to April 2021, 1 153 subjects aged ≥35 years, visiting the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, planning to take part in pulmonary function tests, and voluntarily participating in the survey were included. Before the pulmonary function test, the investigators used Lung Function Questionnaire (LFQ), COPD Population Screening Questionnaire (COPD-PS), COPD Diagnostic Questionnaire (CDQ), Revised-CDQ, Primary COPD Diagnosis Acute Exacerbation Risk Assessment Questionnaire (CAPTURE) and COPD Screening Questionnaire (COPD-SQ) to screen COPD patients. Participants were divided into the COPD group and the non-COPD group based on the global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease (GOLD) 2021 guideline. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the screening accuracy of the questionnaires.Results:A total of 720 patients were effectively enrolled, of which 150 were diagnosed with COPD, with a detection rate of 20.83%. The sensitivity and specificity of each questionnaire under the previously recommended cutoff values were: LFQ (86.00%, 48.07%), COPD-PS (78.67%, 58.25%), CDQ (73.33%, 57.19%), Revised-CDQ (85.33%, 46.49%), CAPTURE (80.67%, 41.23%) and COPD-SQ (68.00%, 62.98%). The accuracy of COPD-PS was better than COPD-SQ, LFQ was better than CDQ, COPD-SQ, and CAPTURE. The optimal cutoff value for LFQ was ≤16 points.Conclusion:The LFQ and COPD-PS are recommended for their simplicity and effectiveness in COPD screening.

6.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 250-255, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883959

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between mobile phone addiction and perceived stress, negative emotion, social support and psychological capital in college students, especially to clarify the internal mechanism of these variables.Methods:A total of 836 college students were investigated with mobile phone addiction index scale, positive psychological capital questionnaire, stress perception scale, positive and negative emotion scale and perceived social support scale.SPSS 22.0 software was used for correlation analysis and SPSS-PROCESS was used to analyze the mediating effect and moderating effect.Results:(1)The scores of psychological capital and perceived stress were(123.38±17.96)and(38.76±6.39)respectively, and the scores of negative emotion, social support and mobile phone addiction were(22.46±6.45), (63.36±12.40)and(39.31±10.01)respectively.Psychological capital was negatively correlated with perceived stress, negative emotion and mobile phone addiction( r=-0.66, -0.37, -0.28, all P<0.01).Perceived stress was positively correlated with negative emotion and mobile phone addiction( r=0.50, 0.38, both P<0.01).Social support was positively correlated with psychological capital( r=0.50, P<0.01), while negatively correlated with perceived stress, negative emotion and mobile phone addiction( r=-0.41, -0.30, -0.12, all P<0.01).(2)Psychological capital influenced mobile phone addiction by the mediating effect of perceived stress( β=-0.20, SE=0.03, 95% CI: -0.27--0.13).In addition, psychological capital influenced mobile phone addiction through the chain mediating effect of perceived stress and negative emotion( β=-0.04, SE=0.01, 95% CI: -0.06--0.01).Moreover, the mediating effect of psychological capital on stress perception was moderated by social support. Conclusion:Perceived stress and negative emotion are important mediations between psychological capital and mobile phone addiction.Social support can moderate the effect of psychological capital on perceived stress.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 395-400, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015047

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the application of two-stage estimation (TSE) on adjustment for treatment switch in oncology trials. METHODS: The theory and implementation of TSE method was described, and was applied to adjust the data from a two-arm randomized controlled trial of anti-tumor drugs. The changes of survival curves and hazard ratio of two groups after adjustment for cross-over were evaluated. In addition, the results of two-stage estimation and rank preserving structural failure time model (RPSFT) were compared. RESULTS: After adjustment for cross-over using TSE methods, the results showed that the median survival time of control group was shorter than the original one, and the hazard ratio was lower than the observed value. Moreover, TSE method showed similar results to rank preserving structural failure time model. CONCLUSION: The TSE method is relatively simple to use, reliable and has a good practice property in cross-over analysis of oncology trials. At the same time, it is necessary to pay attention to its application scopes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 483-488, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the variation of renal volume with gestational age(GA), biparietal diameter(BPD), abdominal circumference(AC), femur length (FL) and the Z value calculation formula.Methods:Five hundred and eighty singleton pregnancy women from 20th to 38th gestational weeks in Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were enrolled. Two dimensional ultrasound was performed to record fetal growth parameters and renal longitudinal, transverse, anteroposterior diameters. Renal volume was calculated using ellipsoid volume equation: Volume =6/π×length×width×thickness. Using GA, BPD, AC, FL as independent variables and renal volume as dependent variables, the regression analyses of the mean and the standard deviation(SD) for each parameter were calculated separately. The Z-scores were calculated by the formula: Z-scores=(actual measurements of renal volume-predictive value of renal volume)/SD of predictive value.Results:Five hundred and forty-three cases of normal singleton fetuses were involved.The left and right renal volume were increased along with GA, BPD, AC, FL. Quadratic polynomial regression equations were each fitted to the models( r=0.775, 0.771, 0.811, 0.738, P<0.001; r=0.747, 0.735, 0.754, 0.745, P<0.001, respectively). The SD increased with the increases of independent variables and could be modeled with a simple linear regression( r=0.146, 0.225, 0.071, 0.155, P<0.001; r=0.091, 0.157, 0.091, 0.123, P<0.001, respectively). Z-scores were calculated and proved normally distributed after Shapiro-Wilk test( P>0.05). Conclusions:The normal Z-score reference range of fetal renal volume is established to help assess the normal renal growth and identify fetal renal abnormalities.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 321-324, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop Z-scores for the aortic arch in normal fetuses as a reference for fetuses with suspected coarctation of aorta(CoA).Methods:The aortic arch inner diameters of 610 normal fetuses and 59 CoA fetuses from May 2010 to March 2015 in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were measured at the long axis of the aortic arch view. Gestational age(GA), femur length(FL) as the independent variable, the aortic arch inner diameters as the dependent variable, Z-scores were created relating the aortic arch inner diameters to the GA and FL. Z-score=[ln(measured diameter)-ln(predicted diameter)]/root MSE. Z-scores of the CoA fetuses were calculated with the above regression, and compared with the Z-scores of the control group.Results:A simple linear regression model was the best description of the data in each case and correlations between FL and the aortic arch inner diameters were excellent ( P<0.001). There was no significant difference in Z-scores calculated with FL or GA as independent variables ( P>0.05). Z-scores of the control group was between -2 and + 2, Z-scores of the CoA group was significantly lower and below -2( P<0.001). Conclusions:Z-scores of fetal aortic arch are sensitive indicators of fetal coarctation, and are of clinical importance for the diagnosis and follow-up study of CoA.

10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1007-1013, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To obtain differential expression profiles of circRNAs and miRNAs in peripheral blood of female patients with major depressive disorder based on high-throughput sequencing technology, and then construct an interaction network.Based on the outcome, it made a further exploration of the possible occurrence and development mechanisms of female major depressive disorder through functional annotation and pathway enrichment analysis.Methods:According to the ceRNA theory, circRNA-miRNA network was constructed by TargetScan software via predicting the binding sites.Subsequently, the GO functional enrichment analysis was performed, and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were utlized to illustrate the target genes of co-expressed miRNAs.Thereby, the key genes related to major depressive disorder could be screened out.Results:A total of 724 differential circRNAs and 26 differential miRNAs were detected in female patients with major depressive disorder.And hsa_circ_0086092 and hsa-miR-146a-3p were the most co-expressed.Go functional annotations pointed out that it involved the regulation of nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process, regulation of RNA splicing, regulation of cell communication, amino acid transfer, regulation of RNA metabolic process, regulation of signaling and other biological processes.KEGG pathway analysis showed that target genes were mainly enriched in neurotrophin signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, AMPK signaling pathway, cocaine addiction, mTOR signaling pathway, Jak-STAT signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, etcetera.Among the predicted target genes, BDNF, FGF2, MAPK14, GRIN2A, GRIN2B, GRM2 and PDE4 have the highest correlation with major depressive disorder.Conclusion:Hsa_circ_0086092 may be involved in the occurrence and development of female major depressive disorder through interaction with hsa-miR-146a-3p.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 953-959, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare primary cardiomyocyte (PCM) specific peptide-conjugated mesoporous silicon nanoparticles (MSN) with L-arginine (LA) as a core (PCM-MSN@LA), and evaluate its specific protective effect on septic myocardium.Methods:PCM-MSN@LA was prepared by condensation reaction, the characterization of PCM-MSN@LA, the amount of LA modification and release was detected, and the phagocytosis of PCM-MSN@LA and its affinity to myocardial tissue was observed. ① Experiment one: SD neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were divided into control group (Con group), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group, MSN@LA/LPS group and PCM-MSN@LA/LPS group. The LPS group was stimulated with 5 mg/L LPS for 16 hours, while the MSN@LA/LPS group and PCM-MSN@LA/LPS group were treated with 5 mg/L LPS and 25 mg/L LA-containing nanoparticles (MSN@LA and PCM-MSN@LA) for 16 hours. Cell viability and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production levels were detected. Apoptosis was observed via terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling method (TUNEL). Western Blot was used to detect the changes in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) proteins. ② Experiment two: 64 healthy male C57BL/6 mice were divided into Sham group, LPS group, MSN@LA/LPS group and PCM-MSN@LA/LPS group by random number table method, 16 mice in each group. LPS group were injected 50 mg/kg LPS intraperitoneally. MSN@LA/LPS group and PCM-MSN@LA/LPS group were injected with 0.5 mg/kg MSN@LA and PCM-MSN@LA via tail vein immediately after intraperitoneal injection of LPS. Eight animals in each group were used to observe the 24-hour survival rate, and the other 8 mice were used to detect cardiac function by echocardiography at 12 hours after operation; mRNA expressions of interleukin (IL-1, IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR).Results:PCM-MSN@LA was spherical, with particle size of about 180 nm, Zeta potential of about -21 mV, with LA loaded. The amount of LA modification and release rate were 12.3% and 24.3%, respectively. Cell phagocytosis experiments showed that PCM-MSN@LA had the targeting ability of cardiomyocytes and myocardial tissue. Experiment one: after LPS stimulation of myocardial cells, cell viability decreased, while ROS generation, apoptosis, eNOS and iNOS protein expressions increased. Compared with LPS group, MSN@LA/LPS group and PCM-MSN@LA/LPS group had higher cell viability, reduced ROS levels and apoptosis, increased expressions of eNOS and iNOS. PCM-MSN@LA/LPS group changed the above effect further than MSN@LA/LPS group [cell viability ( A value): 0.51±0.08 vs. 0.41±0.03, ROS (relative fluorescence intensity): 28 450±1 941 vs. 35 628±2 551, TUNEL positive cells/total cells: 0.27±0.03 vs. 0.35±0.04, eNOS/β-Tubulin: 1.467±0.046 vs. 1.201±0.131, iNOS/β-Tubulin: 1.700±0.033 vs. 1.577±0.068, all P < 0.05]. Experiment two: the number of 24-hour survive in MSN@LA/LPS group and PCM-MSN@ LA/LPS group were higher than LPS group (number: 2, 4 vs. 1, P values were 0.36 and 0.03 respectively). Compared with Sham group, the cardiac function of LPS group was significantly inhibited and the mRNA expression of inflammatory factors increased. The PCM-MSN@LA/LPS group had higher left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular short-axis shortening rate (LVFS) than LPS group, and lower mRNA expressions of IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α mRNA [LVEF: 0.456±0.019 vs. 0.337±0.017, LVFS: (21.97±1.78)% vs. (15.53±1.67)%, IL-1 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCT): 169.22±8.95 vs. 189.79±6.79, IL-6 mRNA (2 -ΔΔCT): 19.90±1.60 vs. 23.74±1.45, TNF-α mRNA (2 -ΔΔCT): 8.21±0.81 vs. 11.00±1.48, all P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in each index between the MSN@LA/LPS group and LPS group. Conclusion:PCM-MSN@LA with myocardial targeting characteristic significantly increased the activity of myocardial cells, down-regulated the expression of inflammatory factors and the production of ROS, alleviated cardiac insufficiency in sepsis, and achieved the targeted treatment of myocardial injury in sepsis.

12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1397-1405, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813001

ABSTRACT

To investigate whether ischemic postconditioning (IPTC) can promote the recovery of left ventricular impaired regional or global longitudinal systolic function.
 Methods: The trial was divided into a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) group, an PCI+IPTC group and a control group. Thirty-two patients with anterior acute anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) underwent the first emergency PCI in the PCI group, 28 patients with anterior acute STEMI underwent the combination of PCI and IPTC in the PCI+IPTC group, while 30 patients underwent coronary angiography in the control group. Two-dimensional dynamic echocardiography was collected before operation, 0.5 h, 1 day, 3 days, 1 week, 1 month and 6 months after operation, respectively. The longitudinal strain parameters at different time points were analyzed and compared in the 3 groups.
 Results: The regional longitudinal strain of infracted segments in the PCI+IPTC group after the operation within 1 week was higher than that in the PCI group (P0.05). There was no significant difference in the long-term regional and global longitudinal strains of left ventricle between the PCI+IPTC group and the PCI group (both P>0.05).
 Conclusion: The IPTC can improve the short-term longitudinal systolic function of the reperfused myocardium in patients with acute anterior wall STEMI after PCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction , Ischemic Postconditioning , Myocardium , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1066-1070, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824459

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the Z-score models for normal fetal brain fissures.Methods Four hundred and eighty-seven pregnant woman who underwent prenatal ultrasonography from January to August 2018 in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were collected randomly for analysis,and all the fetuses(18-38 weeks) were healthy.The calacarine fissure,pariet-ooccipital fissure, sylvian fissure of the fetuses were measured and they were chosed as the dependent variables,while the independent variable were the gestational age and biparietal diamete,as well as femur length.The regression analyses of the mean(M) and the standard deviation(SD) for each parameter were performed separately. Two observers randomly measured the brain fissures depth two hours apart to evaluate the interobserver repeatability.Results The brain fissure depth in normal fetuses during geatational age between 18 to 38 weeks can be evaluated by Z-score model.Positive correlations were found between the depth of calacarine fissure,pariet-ooccipital fissure,sylvian fissure and gestational age,biparietal diameter and femur length. Conclusions Z-score can intuitively reflect the development of brain fissure more accurate,and is valuable, and can be used as a powerful supplement to the traditional method.

14.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1066-1070, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800521

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct the Z-score models for normal fetal brain fissures.@*Methods@#Four hundred and eighty-seven pregnant woman who underwent prenatal ultrasonography from January to August 2018 in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were collected randomly for analysis, and all the fetuses(18-38 weeks) were healthy. The calacarine fissure, pariet-ooccipital fissure, sylvian fissure of the fetuses were measured and they were chosed as the dependent variables, while the independent variable were the gestational age and biparietal diamete, as well as femur length. The regression analyses of the mean(M) and the standard deviation(SD) for each parameter were performed separately. Two observers randomly measured the brain fissures depth two hours apart to evaluate the interobserver repeatability.@*Results@#The brain fissure depth in normal fetuses during geatational age between 18 to 38 weeks can be evaluated by Z-score model.Positive correlations were found between the depth of calacarine fissure, pariet-ooccipital fissure, sylvian fissure and gestational age, biparietal diameter and femur length.@*Conclusions@#Z-score can intuitively reflect the development of brain fissure more accurate, and is valuable, and can be used as a powerful supplement to the traditional method.

15.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 500-504, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754833

ABSTRACT

To explore the way of prenatal echocardiography in the diagnosis of fetal double aortic arch . Methods T he data of fetuses diagnosed as double aortic arch in 6 prenatal centers in Hunan in echocardiograms performed at 20-36 weeks of gestation from 2013 to 2018 were reviewed . T he characteristics of echocardiographic with double aortic arch , and the associated malformations were observed ,the clinical outcome were analyzed . Results T he main echocardiographic features of the double aortic arch were three‐vessel‐tracheal view s ,which showed a bifurcation of the ascending aorta and a ring consisted of aortic right and left arch . From this retrospective analysis , 29 double aortic arches were identified ,which 8 cases ( 28% ) combined with cardiac defect and extracardiac abnormalities , 1 case with 22q11 deletion . Among them ,5 cases were confirmed by autopsy ,24 cases were diagnosed by computed tomography angiography ( 8 cases were confirmed by operation ) . Conclusions Systematic prenatal echocardiography in the diagnosis of fetal double aortic arch has significant clinical value in the cliagnose of double aortic arch ,w hether it is associated with other malformations and is important for assessing fetal prognosis .

16.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 301-306, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754802

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of prenatal diagnosis of fetal double outlet ventricle . Methods T he data of double outlet ventricle from fetal echocardiography in Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and Changde Women and Children Health Hospital of Hunan Province from January 2000 to August 2018 were collected . T he statistical method was used to analyze characteristics of echocardiography ,related‐intracardiac and extracardiac abnormalities ,postnatal echocardiography ,surgery and autopsy findings . Results Ninety‐four fetuses were diagnosed with double outlet ventricle ,including 84 cases of double outlet right ventricle ( DORV ) and 10 cases of double outlet left ventricle ( DOLV ) . T he pregnancy was terminated in 45 cases . Autopsy was offered to all patients after termination of pregnancy ,42 cases were consistent with prenatal diagnosis ,1 case was tetralogy of fallot ,2 cases were transposition of great artery . Forty‐nine cases were decided to continue the pregnancy ,32 cases of them were confirmed by postpartum surgery ,17 cases were confirmed by postnatal echocardiography . Echocardiographic findings of fetal double outlet ventricle was characterized by the origin of the both great arteries arising predominantly or completely( >50% ) from the same ventricle . Conclusions Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of double outlet ventricular has important clinical value ,facilitate appropriate prenatal counseling and postnatal management and it should be differentiated with transposition of the great arteries ,tetralogy of fallot and ventricular septal defect .

17.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 266-269, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754123

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship among peer relationship,self-consciousness and social anxiety in HIV-infected children. Methods Peer Relationship Scale,Piers-Harris Children's Self-con-cept Scale and Social Anxiety Scale for Children were applied to 126 HIV-infected children. Results The score of peer relationship was 53. 0(45. 0,62. 0),the score of self-concept was 52. 0(42. 0,60. 0),and the score of social anxiety was 6. 0(2. 0,9. 0). Peer relationship was positively correlated with social anxiety( r=0. 196,P=0. 029) and negatively correlated with self-consciousness(r=-0. 628,P<0. 01). Self-conscious-ness was negatively correlated with social anxiety(r=-0. 504,P<0. 01). Bootstrap analysis showed that self-consciousness played a complete mediating role between peer relationship and social anxiety,and the media-ting effect value was 0. 377. Conclusion Peer relationship,self-consciousness and social anxiety are closely related. Furthermore,self-consciousness plays a complete mediating role between peer relationship and social anxiety in HIV-infected children.

18.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 670-673, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707703

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of blood flow in posterior cerebral artery ( PCA ) in complete transposition of great arteries (CTGA) through the application of the pulsed Doppler . Methods Twenty CTGA fetuses ( CTGA group) and 20 healthy control fetuses ( control group) were involved ,the blood flow indexes peak systolic velocity ( Vs) ,end-diastolic velocity ( Vd) ,pulsatility index ( PI) ,resistance index ( RI) ,velocity-time integral ( VTI) of PCA-S1 ,PCA-S2 and MCA of the fetuses in the two groups were detected by pulsed Doppler . The differences in blood flow indexes between CTGA fetuses and healthy controls were analyzed by independent t -test . The rates of abnormal resistance in PCA-S1 and MCA in CTGA fetuses were compared through Chi-square test ( χ2 test) . Results Compared with control group ,the MCA-PI ,MCA-RI ,PCA-S1-PI and PCA-S1-RI of CTGA group decreased significantly( all P < 0 .05) ,MCA-VTI ,PCA-S1-VTI ,PCA-S2-VTI increased significantly ( all P < 0 .05) ,but no significant difference was found in PCA-S2-PI ,PCA-S2-RI ,Vs and Vd of the MCA and the PCA ( all P > 0 .05 ) . The rate of abnormal resistance in the MCA was significantly lower than that in the PCA-S1 in CTGA group ( P <0 .05) . Conclusions The pulsed Doppler can be used to study the changes of blood flow in PCA of CTGA fetuses and the differences of specific hemodynamic alterations may occured in different segments of the PCA in CTGA fetuses ,indicating a tendency to protect the PCA-supplying areas of the brain when ischemia and hypoxia .

19.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 886-891, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813179

ABSTRACT

To study the blood flow parameters for 2 anatomical segments of posterior cerebral artery (PCA) in normal singleton fetal.
 Methods: The blood flow velocity parameters peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), time-average maximum velocity (TAMAXV), velocity time integral (VTI) and resistance parameters systolic peak velocity and end diastolic velocity ratio (S/D), pulsatility index (PI), resistance index (RI) for 2 anatomical segments in PCA were recorded. The first segment of the PCA (PCAS1) was recorded between the origin of PCA and the proximal part of the posterior communicating artery. The second segment of the PCA (PCAS2) was recorded at the distal part of the posterior communicating artery. The blood parameters in both PCAS1 and PCAS2 were analyzed by using Pearson correlation and multiple curves fitting with gestational age (GA). Paired student's t test was performed to compare the difference in blood parameter between PCAS1 and PCAS2.
 Results: The blood flow velocity parameters in both PCAS1 and PCAS2 were increased with the GA (P0.05). Resistance parameters in PCAS1 were higher than those in PCAS2 (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The blood flow velocity parameters in both PCAS1 and PCAS2 are increased with GA. The resistance parameters in both PCAS1 and PCAS2 do not change with GA. Study on the velocities and resistance in these 3 arterial branches provides a more comprehensive evaluation on the process of brain circulation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blood Flow Velocity , Physiology , Diastole , Physiology , Gestational Age , Hemodynamics , Physiology , Posterior Cerebral Artery , Physiology , Systole , Physiology
20.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 994-999, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813162

ABSTRACT

To investigate hemodynamic parameters in 2 anatomical segments (S1 and S2) of anterior cerebral artery (ACA) in normal pregnancy during the second and third trimester of gestation.
 Methods: The peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), time-average maximum velocity (TAMAXV), peak systolic velocity/end diastolic velocity (S/D), resistance index (RI), and pulsation index (PI) in S1 and S2 of fetal anterior cerebral artery (ACA) in 288 normal pregnant women were detected by power Doppler and pulsed Doppler. Multiple regression models were fitted to estimate the relation between Doppler variables and gestational age. The differences of hemodynamic parameters between ACAS1 and ACAS2 were compared.
 Results: The PSV, EDV, and TAMAXV of ACAS1 and ACAS2 were positively correlated with the weeks of pregnancy (P0.05). The PSV, TAMAXV, S/D, PI, and RI of ACAS1 were significantly higher than those of ACAS2, while EDV in ACAS1 was lower than that in ACAS2 (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The velocity parameters (PSV, EDV, TAMAXV) of the 2 anatomical segments (ACAS1 and ACAS2) are increased with the increase of gestational age in normal pregnant fetus during the second and third trimester of gestation, and the resistance parameters (S/D, PI, RI) are not significantly correlated with gestational age. Distribution of blood flow is different in the blood supply territory between ACAS1 and ACAS2.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anterior Cerebral Artery , Physiology , Blood Flow Velocity , Fetus , Hemodynamics , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
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