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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821126


On March 11, 2020, WHO officially declared that COVID-19 had become Pandemic. As of March 31, the epidemic had affected more than 178 countries and regions, with more than 780 000 confirmed cases. The Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework for the sharing of influenza viruses and access to vaccines and other benefits (the 'PIP Framework’ or 'Framework’) is an international arrangement adopted by the World Health Assembly (WHA) in May 2011 to improve global pandemic influenza preparedness and response. Since the transmission route and transmission capacity of COVID-19 are similar to that of influenza A (H1N1) in 2009, which conforms to the basic elements of 'human pandemic', and the epidemic scale has exceeded that of influenza A (H1N1). It is probable to incorporate COVID-19 epidemic response into PIPF, and at the same time to verify and improve PIPF in practice. It is recommended that WHO, other international organizations and relevant countries make full use of the PIPF system to respond to the epidemic and better coordinate national actions at the global level. At the same time, China should also make the planning and deploy of domestic epidemic prevention and control and international epidemic cooperation under the framework.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710732


The overall situation of standardized residency training program in Shanghai was analyzed in terms of resource input,implementation and output of the program.The results showed that 50 hospitals offered residency training programs by 2015,with total 12 557 mentors.There was a certain increase in resource input from both government and hospitals,and organizational management was continuously improved.From 2010 to 2016,a total of 16 241 residents were recruited,and number of residents were increased greatly.Compared with 2010,the recruitment of residents in general practice,pediatrics and anesthesiology in 2016 was increased by 113.3%,98.6% and 157.4%,respectively.The passing rate of medical licensing examination in institutions providing standardized resident training was 20 percent higher than others,and the passing rate of residency training reached 97%-98%,which showed that the effect of standardized resident training program in Shanghai was satisfactory.In the future,more attentions should be paid to strengthening the training bases,training specialists in the shortage fields and standardizing the training of trainers.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806998


Objective@#To investigate the current status of malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) strips application and malaria laboratory technicians' evaluation about them at primary healthcare provider level in Jiangsu Province.@*Methods@#From November to December 2016, 878 medical institutions and 118 CDCs of city, county and township/community level in Jiangsu Province were selected as study samples using stratified random sampling method. Self-designed questionnaire was distributed to investigate the institution's malaria work task, RDT strips application and evaluation status in 2015. We also investigated the socio-demographic information and collected the RDT strips evaluation score from the malaria laboratory technicians selected from the institutions investigated (one technician from each institution). Rank sum test was performed to compare the RDT strips evaluation scores between medical institutions and CDCs, and among different medical institutions and CDCs.@*Results@#In 2015, 405 cases of malaria were reported, 362 200 person-time of malaria blood testing task was conducted, and 100 000 RDT strips were procured and provided for healthcare providers in Jiangsu province for free. Of the 996 healthcare institutions investigated, 628 used RDT strips in the year 2015 and the median (P25, P75) of RDT strips volume used in these institutions was 10 (2, 25). The volume of RDT strips used in CDCs (15 (5, 52)) was significantly higher than that in medical institutions (10 (2, 25), (Z=3.42, P=0.001)). The investigated CDCs gave higher score on RDT strips' testing time per operation (10 (8.5, 10)) than medical institutions (9(8, 10), (Z=-2.20, P=0.028)). The employers of 614 investigated malaria laboratory technicians used RDT strips in 2015. The median of the scores given by CDC malaria laboratory technicians for RDT strips in terms of testing time per operation, testing operation and results judgement difficulties were 10 (9, 10), 10 (9, 10) and 10 (9, 10), respectively, which were significantly higher than those from technicians of medical institutions (9 (8, 10), 9 (8, 10), 9 (8, 10), (Z values were -2.55, -2.97 and -2.96, respectively; P values were all less than 0.05)).@*Conclusion@#RDT strips had been widely performed in health institutions in Jiangsu Province. The amount of RDT strips used in CDCs was significantly higher than that in medical institutions. Primary-level institutions and malaria laboratory technicians generally recognized RDT strips' advantage for application in terms of testing time and operational procedure. CDCs and malaria laboratory technicians from them gave higher regards on RDT strips in terms of testing time per operation, testing operation and results judgement difficulties compared with that of medical institutions.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607361


Objective:The main objective of this study is to analyze the development trend of China's private healthcare providers since the issue of Document No. 58 by the General Office of the State Council in the year 2010. It intends to evaluate the effectiveness of the policy on encouragement and guidance to private healthcare. Methods:(1) Using the statistical data collected from national and provincial healthcare yearbook, we made a comparative a-nalysis on seven indicators regarding the development of private healthcare providers, including the number of health-care providers, the number of beds, the number of healthcare professionals, annual outpatient diagnose-and-treat per-son-times, annual inpatient hospitalization person-times, bed utilization rate and average length of stay for two periods of time (i. e. 2006—2010 and 2011—2015). (2) A field study was conducted to six selected provinces. In these provinces, essential information of the related policy was collected, held stakeholder interviews and focus group dis-cussions among hospital management team and medical workers and visits to several typical private providers were made to understand the policy effectiveness and existing problems. The study also tried to find the key factors for a successful private healthcare provider in China. Results:(1) The results show that since the issue of Document No. 58 in the year 2010 , the number of China's private healthcare providers has greatly increased while the scale and service capabilities of private providers still need to be improved. (2) As per the results again, a great difference ex-ists between provinces in terms of private healthcare provider development during 2010 to 2015 . Conclusion:A posi-tive impact of government regulation on the development of private healthcare providers was noticed. However, China's private healthcare providers are still facing many invisible obstacles and challenges. The government needs to put more focus on building a cross-department coordination and supporting regulation system to advance the sustain-able development of private healthcare providers. Moreover, the government needs to cautiously promote the Public-Private-Partnership ( PPP) to improve the effective allocation of resources in the healthcare market and provide essen-tial support to private healthcare providers in solving the problems they meet during their development process.

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 616-622, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607062


Objective To investigate the effect of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3)on the proliferation of human mesangial cells stimulated by aggregated IgA1 (aIgA1) from patients with IgA nephropathy(IgAN),and explore its possible mechanism.Methods Serum monomeric IgA1 was isolated with jacalin affinity and Sephacryl S-200 HR chromatography from IgAN patients,and then heated to aggregated form (aIgA1).Human glomerular mesangial cells(HMC) were transfected with AdvSOCS3-IRES2-EGFP for 48 hours,and incubated with aIgA1 for 12-48 h.The cells were divided into blank control group,IgA1 group,IgA1 +Adv-EGFP group and IgA 1 +Adv-SOCS3-IRES2-EGFP group.The mesangial cell proliferation was observed through MTT,and the levels of SOCS3,TLR4,TGF-β1 protein and mRNA were detected through Western blotting and real-time PCR.Results HMC proliferation was promoted significantly after IgA1 stimulated at 24 h.Compared with control group,the protein and mRNA expression of SOCS3,TLR4,TGF-β1 were significantly increased in IgA1 group (P < 0.05).Compared with IgA1 group and IgA1 +Adv-EGFP group,MTT absorbency was obviously reduced after incubation with aIgA1 for 24 h and 48 h in IgA+Adv-SOCS3-IRES2-EGFP group,and the protein and mRNA expression of TLR4 and TGF-β1 were significantly decreased in IgA1 +AdvSOCS3-EGFP group (P< 0.05).Conclusion Over-expression of SOCS3 may inhibit the proliferation of HMC stimulated by aIgA1,partly through down-regulating the expression of TLR4 and TGF-β1.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417282


Objective A scientific evaluation of hospital culture with the Dimension organizational culture model, in view of features of China's general public hospitals.Methods Based on Denison model, according to the characteristics of the public general hospitals in China, the authors developed a tool for organizational culture assessment (TOCA) by using the survey data from 87 hospitals in three provinces from the East, Central, and West areas in China.Results This tool, an evaluation scale, comprises the four cultural characteristics of direction, consistency, participation, and adaptability, as well as 13 cultural dimensions of social responsibility and competitive consciousness. The tool is tested as having good internal reliability and validity.Conclusion The TOCA provides hospital administrators with a tool for hospital culture evaluation, diagnosis and improvement.