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1.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 4-4, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010717

ABSTRACT

Oral diseases, such as periodontitis, salivary gland diseases, and oral cancers, significantly challenge health conditions due to their detrimental effects on patient's digestive functions, pronunciation, and esthetic demands. Delayed diagnosis and non-targeted treatment profoundly influence patients' prognosis and quality of life. The exploration of innovative approaches for early detection and precise treatment represents a promising frontier in oral medicine. Exosomes, which are characterized as nanometer-sized extracellular vesicles, are secreted by virtually all types of cells. As the research continues, the complex roles of these intracellular-derived extracellular vesicles in biological processes have gradually unfolded. Exosomes have attracted attention as valuable diagnostic and therapeutic tools for their ability to transfer abundant biological cargos and their intricate involvement in multiple cellular functions. In this review, we provide an overview of the recent applications of exosomes within the field of oral diseases, focusing on inflammation-related bone diseases and oral squamous cell carcinomas. We characterize the exosome alterations and demonstrate their potential applications as biomarkers for early diagnosis, highlighting their roles as indicators in multiple oral diseases. We also summarize the promising applications of exosomes in targeted therapy and proposed future directions for the use of exosomes in clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exosomes , Quality of Life , Extracellular Vesicles , Biomarkers , Cell Communication , Mouth Neoplasms
2.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 131-136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986760

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mental health status and its influencing factors among middle school students in Xide County, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, and to provide references for mental health interventions for local middle school students. MethodsUsing a cross-sectional study design, one junior middle school and one senior middle school in Xide County, Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, were randomly selected on September 16, 2021, and two classes per grade in each school involving 288 students were recruited. Subjects were assessed using Patients' Health Questionnaire Depression Scale-9 item (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 item (GAD-7), PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-3). Then the scores of above scales were compared among middle school students with different demographic characteristics, and binary Logistic regression analysis was conducted to screen the influencing factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. ResultsAmong the respondents, 17.71% (95% CI: 0.133~0.221), 8.68% (95% CI: 0.054~0.120), 2.78% (95% CI: 0.009~0.047) and 45.83% (95% CI: 0.400~0.516) were reported to have symptoms of depression, anxiety, PTSD and loneliness, respectively. Students in senior middle school scored lower on PCL-5 and ULS-3 than those in junior middle school [(6.46±8.91) vs. (8.87±9.42), t=2.202, P<0.05; (4.67±1.65) vs. (5.60±1.88), t=4.431, P<0.01]. Regression analysis denoted that depressive symptoms (OR=7.630, P<0.05) and anxiety symptoms (OR=3.789, P<0.01) were risk factors for PTSD symptoms among middle school students. ConclusionThe middle school students in Xide County, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture suffer a high prevalence rate of depressive symptoms and loneliness, and those in junior middle school are more likely to feel a sense of strong loneliness, furthermore, depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms are risk factors for PTSD symptoms.

3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 79-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970676

ABSTRACT

This study aims to clarify host factors of IFN treatment in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients by screening the differentially expressed genes of IFN pathway CHB patients with different response to interferon (IFN) therapy. Three cases were randomly selected in IFN-responding CHB patients (Rs), non-responding CHB patients (NRs) and healthy participants, respectively. The human type I IFN response RT 2 profiler PCR array was used to detect the expression levels of IFN-related genes in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) from healthy participants and CHB patients before and after Peg-IFN-α 2a treatment. The results showed that more differentially expressed genes appeared in Rs group than NRs group after IFN treatment. Comparing with healthy participants, IFNG, IL7R, IRF1, and IRF8 were downregulated in both Rs and NRs group before IFN treatment; CXCL10, IFIT1, and IFITM1 were upregulated in the Rs; IL13RA1 and IFI35 were upregulated in the NRs, while IFRD2, IL11RA, IL4R, IRF3, IRF4, PYHIN1, and ADAR were downregulated. The expression of IL15, IFI35 and IFI44 was downregulated by 4.09 ( t = 10.58, P < 0.001), 5.59 ( t = 3.37, P = 0.028) and 10.83 ( t = 2.8, P = 0.049) fold in the Rs group compared with the NRs group, respectively. In conclusion, IFN-response-related gene array is able to evaluate IFN treatment response by detecting IFN-related genes levels in PBMC. High expression of CXCL10, IFIT1 and IFITM1 before treatment may suggest satisfied IFN efficacy, while high expression of IL13RA1, IL15, IFI35 and IFI44 molecules and low expression of IFRD2, IL11RA, IL4R, IRF3, IRF4, PYHIN1 and ADAR molecules may be associated with poor IFN efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Healthy Volunteers , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Immunotherapy , Interleukin-15 , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Nuclear Proteins , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods , Interferons/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 969-977, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999780

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In non-metastatic prostate cancer (nmPCa) setting, it is important to early identify the patients at risk of biochemical recurrence (BCR) for immediate postoperative intervention. Our study aimed to evaluate the potential clinical utility of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) for predicting disease recurrence. @*Materials and Methods@#This real-world observational study evaluated 161 cases of nmPCa undergoing next-generation sequencing at our institution. A total of 139 ctDNA samples and 31 biopsied tumor tissue underwent genomic profiling. The study endpoint was BCR after radical prostatectomy. Relationships between the ctDNA status and the biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) were analyzed by log-rank test and multivariate Cox regression. @*Results@#Of 161 enrolled patients, 19 (11.8%) harbored deleterious alterations in NCOR2, followed by BRCA2 (3.7%), ATR (2.5%), and CDK12 (2.5%). Of available pre-operative blood samples (n=139), ctDNA was detectable in 91 (65.5%). Until last follow-up, 56 of 68 patients (85.3%) with detectable ctDNA had achieved BCR, whereas only eight of 39 patients (20.5%) with undetectable ctDNA had achieved BCR. Patients who had undetectable ctDNA experienced significantly longer bPFS compared with those who had detectable ctDNA (not available vs. 8.2 months; hazard ratio, 0.14; p < 0.01). Pre-operative ctDNA status was a significant prognostic factor of disease recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Pre-operative ctDNA detection could identify patients at high risk of recurrence and has the potential to inform immediate postoperative interventions, but these approaches remain to be validated in prospective studies. ctDNA studies can provide insights into accurate monitoring and precise treatment rather than simply following routine clinical care.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 299-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996078

ABSTRACT

Technological innovation and achievement transformation are the key to the organic combination of innovation-driven development strategy and high-quality health development, and play an important role in comprehensively promoting the construction of " healthy China". The author made a comprehensive analysis of the practice of scientific and technological innovation and achievement transformation in health care over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, and summarized the various stages based on the time dimension. On this basis, the author analyzed the opportunities and challenges faced by technological innovation and achievement transformation in health care, and put forward development suggestions.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 274-279, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920632

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate correlations between motor skills with focused and shifting attention among preschool children, and to provide basis for the overall development of preschool children aged 4-6 years.@*Methods@#During March to June 2020, a total of 165 preschool children aged 4-6 years were selected and investigated with subscales of the Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency 2nd Edition (BOT-2) for agility and limb bilateral coordination assessment, and subscales of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children test 2nd Edition (MABC-2) for throwing and catching skill assessment, as well as balance subscale for the assessment of limb movement coordination, hand eye coordination, agility, and balance. The Kansas Reflection Impulsivity Scale for Preschoolers for Pre schoolers (KRISP) and Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) were used to assess focused and shifting attention levels. Correlation and linear regression analyses were performed for statistical analysis.@*Results@#Except for one handed throwing skills and shifting attention, there were statistically significant gender differences between boys and girls in total score of body movement coordination, total score of hand to eye coordination, hand to hand connection, total score of agility of movement, total score of movement balance, static support, walking on tiptoe, foot to foot jump and focused attention( t =-6.86, -2.00 ,-3.15,-3.75,-3.00,-2.95,-2.18,-2.11,-3.21, P <0.05), and girls were better than boys; children s total score of body movement coordination, total score of hand to eye coordination, hand to hand connection, agility of movement, walking on tiptoe and focused attention improves with age( r =0.47,0.41,0.47,0.51,0.16,0.31, P <0.05); After excluding the interference of gender and age, total score of body movement coordination was significantly correlated with preschool children s focused attention( β=0.31,95%CI =0.08-0.39, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Limb movement coordination and focused attention are significantly and positively correlated among preschool children aged 4-6 years. Therefore, preschool education and family activities should focus on designing and developing limb movement coordination related games and courses to enhance the focused attention of and form favorable attention quality in preschool children aged 4-6 years.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1074-1078, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the clinical research knowledge, attitude and practice of pediatrics residents in standardized residency training, and to provide scientific basis for improving their capability of clinical medical scientific research.Methods:A self-complied questionnaire survey including demographic information, knowledge and attitudes toward capability of medical scientific research as well as personal interview was conducted in 22 pediatric residents during the standardized residency training from April to July, 2017. Data were analyzed by (mean±standard deviation) and percentage for description, and qualitative data were analyzed by classification and induction. SPSS 18.0 was used to analyze the data.Results:Firstly, the total score of basic knowledge in clinical scientific research was (54.14±23.06), with the scores between 31 and 60 being the most. Secondly, all these residents believed that capability of clinical medical scientific research was very important for them and clinical research training was necessary for them during the standardized residency training. Thirdly, the residents had the scientific research practices but no article published during the standardized residency training. Fourthly, the residents hoped to improve their capability of clinical scientific research by various means during the training.Conclusion:It is indicated that basic knowledge on capability of clinical medical research is still insufficient in standardized residency training of pediatrics residents, so relevant measures should be taken to cultivate their capability of clinical scientific research.

8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1050-1058, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831129

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Whether craniospinal irradiation (CSI) could be replaced by limited-field radiation in non-metastatic bifocal germinoma remains controversial. We addressed the issue based on the data from our series and the literature. @*Methods@#Data from 49 patients diagnosed with non-metastatic bifocal germinoma at our hospital during the last 10 years were collected. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 was used to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Additionally, 81 patients identified from the literature were also analyzed independently. @*Results@#In our cohort, 34 patients had tumors in the sellar/suprasellar (S/SS) plus pineal gland (PG) regions and 15 in the S/SS plus basal ganglia/thalamus (BG/T) regions. The median follow-up period was 52 months (range, 10 to 134 months). Our survival analysis showed that patients treated with CSI (n=12) or whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT; n=34) had comparable disease-free survival (DFS; p=0.540), but better DFS than those treated with focal radiotherapy (FR; n=3, p=0.016). All 81 patients from the literature had tumors in the S/SS+PG regions. Relapses were documented in 4/45 patients treated with FR, 2/17 treated with whole-ventricle irradiation, 0/4 treated with WBRT, and 1/15 treated with CSI. Survival analysis did not reveal DFS differences between the types of radiation field (p=0.785). HRQOL analysis (n=44) in our cohort found that, compared with S/SS+PG germinoma, patients with BG/T involvement had significantly lower scores in social and school domains. However, HRQOL difference between patients treated with CSI and those not treated with CSI was not significant. @*Conclusion@#In patients with non-metastatic bifocal germinoma, it is rational that CSI could be replaced by limited-field radiation. HRQOL in patients with BG/T involvement was poorer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 477-480, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869676

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is the second most common tumor in men worldwide, and high-risk and locally advanced prostate cancer are life threatening for patients. With the successful application of neoadjuvant therapy in more and more solid tumors, it’s application in prostate tumors has also been gradually started. Among these studies, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy and neoadjuvant hormonal therapy combined with chemotherapy are currently the most widely used. Although neoadjuvant hormonal therapy has been shown effective in reducing the positive rate of resection margins, it cannot improve the long-term survival of patients. Neoadjuvant hormonal therapy combined with chemotherapy may prolong the non-biochemical recurrence time of high-risk locally advanced patients, but whether patients can ultimately achieve survival benefits still needs to be further clarified in prospective randomized controlled studies.

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 811-817, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826923

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a recently recognized form of regulated cell death caused by an iron-dependent accumulation of lipid reactive species. However, little research on ferroptosis and lung cancer, one of the most common tumors, has been carried out. This paper tries to review the research progress of ferroptotic suppression and explain it from the different ways of ferroptosis occurrence. Furthermore, as inducing ferroptosis to treat cancer gets more attention, we introduce four kinds of ferroptosis-inducing compounds and new prospects for lung cancer therapy to provide new ideas for lung cancer treatment.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 811-817, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828741

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a recently recognized form of regulated cell death caused by an iron-dependent accumulation of lipid reactive species. However, little research on ferroptosis and lung cancer, one of the most common tumors, has been carried out. This paper tries to review the research progress of ferroptotic suppression and explain it from the different ways of ferroptosis occurrence. Furthermore, as inducing ferroptosis to treat cancer gets more attention, we introduce four kinds of ferroptosis-inducing compounds and new prospects for lung cancer therapy to provide new ideas for lung cancer treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2516-2524, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878507

ABSTRACT

In the past ten years, the research and application of microbiome has continued to increase. The microbiome has gradually become the research focus in the fields of life science, environmental science, and medicine. Meanwhile, many countries and organizations around the world are launching their own microbiome projects and conducting a multi-faceted layout, striving to gain a strategic position in this promising field. In addition, whether it is scientific research or industrial applications, there has been a climax of research and a wave of investment and financing, accordingly, products and services related to the microbiome are constantly emerging. However, due to the rapid development of microbiome sequencing and analysis related technologies and methods, the research and application from various countries have not yet unified on the standards of technology, programs, and data. Domestic industry participants also have insufficient understanding of the microbiome. New methods, technologies, and theories have not yet been fully accepted and used. In addition, some of the existing standards and guidelines are too general with poor practicality. This not only causes obstacles in the integration of scientific research data and waste of resources, but also gives related companies unfair competition opportunity. More importantly, China still lacks national standards related to the microbiome, and the national microbiome project is still in the process of preparation. In this context, the experts and practitioners of the microbiome worked together and developed the consensus of experts. It can not only guide domestic scientific research and industrial institutions to regulate the production, learning and research of the microbiome, the application can also provide reference technical basis for the relevant national functional departments, protect the scale and standardized corporate company's interests, strengthen industry self-discipline, avoid unregulated enterprises from disrupting the market, and ultimately promote the benign development of microbiome-related industries.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Consensus , Industry , Microbiota
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1970-1978, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878458

ABSTRACT

At present, SARS-CoV-2 is raging, and novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) has caused more than 35 million confirmed patients and more than 500 000 cases death, which seriously endanger human health, socioeconomic development, as well as global medical and public health systems. COVID-19 is highly contagious, has a long incubation period, and causes many death cases due to lack of effective specific treatment. Mesenchymal stem cells have powerful anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory functions, and can effectively reduce the cytokine storm caused by coronavirus in patients, and improve the pulmonary fibrosis of patients, promote the repair of damaged lung tissue, and reduce the mortality. Currently, a number of related clinical trials of mesenchymal stem cell treatment of COVID-19 have been conducted, and have confirmed the safety and efficacy, suggesting a good clinical application prospect. While progress has been made in mesenchymal stem cell therapy for COVID-19, we should also catch sight of the problems and challenges faced by mesenchymal stem cell clinical trials under severe epidemic situation, including clinical trials design, stem cell quality management, and ethics in treatment. Only by paying attention to these can we guarantee the safe and effective development of mesenchymal stem cell clinical trials in the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Clinical Trials as Topic , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 320-324, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744180

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore application on improving basic knowledge of clinical scientific research based on PDCA circle in the standardized training of pediatrics residents and to provide scientific basis for improving the capability of clinical scientific research in standardized training of pediatrics residents. Methods Based on previous research results, the training courses of improving the capability of clinical scientific research based on conception of PDCA were practiced . The examination of basic knowledge of clinical scientific research before and after training and satisfaction questionnaire in pattern, contents , time arrangements as well as effect of training courses were conducted among 22 pediatrics residents from April to July, 2017. Data were analyzed using Mean, Standard deviation and proportion for description and the data before and after training were given a independent-sample t test. The training courses were taken for 3 months. Results ①Compared with the training courses before, the average scores of basic knowledge in capability of clinical scientific research were improved after training [(54.14±23.06) vs. (73.63±21.05)]. ②Insufficiency of some basic clinical scientific research knowledge still existed and there was no statistical difference between the results before and after the training in those areas. ③ In the standardized training, pediatrics residents were satisfied with the pattern, contents and results of training courses, except for the time arrangement. Conclusion The training courses based on PDCA circle can significantly improve the capability of clinical scientific research in the standardized training of pediatrics residents.

15.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 22-25, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666256

ABSTRACT

Objective To research of acupuncture for the perioperative analgesia and immune function of the breast cancer patients.Methods A total of 40 breast cancer patients who were carried out the radical operation was randomly (random number table method) divided into acupuncture combined drugs group and control group in our hospital during from 2015.1 to 2016.12. The patients in acupuncture combined drugs group was carried out acupuncture combined TCI anesthesia,and the patients in control group was carried out TCI anesthesia. The analgesic effect was evaluated by Visual analogue scales(VAS) in 2h, 6h, 12h, 24h and 48h after operation. The percentage of peripheral blood subgroups of T-lymphocytes (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+), natural killer cell (CD16+CD56+) and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ was detected in 30 min before anesthesia,2h after beginning of operation,1d , 2d and 5d after operation.Results he VAS scores at 2 h (2.30 ± 1.12vs. 3.75 ± 1.06,t=2.378), 6 h (2.64 ± 1.23vs. 5.56 ± 1.41,t=3.289) and 12 h (3.49 ± 1.46vs. 4.99 ± 1.27,t=2.040) after operation of acupuncture combined drugs group wwere significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.05). The CD3+ (52.35% ± 4.20%vs. 48.01% ± 4.42%,t=2.127), CD4+ (27.81% ± 2.72%vs. 24.96% ± 2.60%,t=2.250), CD4+/CD8+ (1.12 ± 0.15vs. 1.01 ± 0.13,t=2.136) in acupuncture combined drugs group were significantly higher than those of the control group in 1d after operation (P<0.05). The CD16+ CD56+ 2 h (14.79% ± 2.04%vs. 13.58% ± 1.50%,t=2.852), 1 d (14.43% ± 2.27%vs. 13.11% ± 1.82%,t=2.933) in acupuncture combined drugs group were significantly higher han those of control group in 2h after beginning of operation and 1d after operation (P<0.05).Conclusions The analgesic effect of acupuncture could be applied to radical operation of breast cancer under general anesthesia. This method could protect the subgroups of T-lymphocytes and natural killer cell, and improve the immune function of breast cancer patients.

16.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 45-49, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706040

ABSTRACT

About 80% of children with malignant cancer in developed countries could be cured, while the sur-vival rate in developing countries that account for 80% of the cases was lower than that of the developed countries. Treatment abandonment is the primary cause leading to the therapeutic failure and mortality in developing coun-tries. This paper discussed the current situation of treatment abandonment of pediatric cancer, the ethical issues and put forward the corresponding solutions, in order to attract more attention of scholars and take corresponding measures, thus to help improve the prognosis of pediatric cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 489-491,492, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603605

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of enteral nutrition (EN)support on patients with advanced cancer.Methods 83 cases with advanced cancer were selected,the patients were randomly divided into two groups, 42 cases in the observation group,41 cases in the control group.The observation group was given EN support com-bined with parenteral nutrition (PN)support,while the control group was only given the PN support.Immune function CD +4 ,CD +4 /CD +8 ,IgA,IgG,nutrition indicators [serum albumin (ALB),transferrin (TF)and 24h urea nitrogen (24hUP)]before and 10d after surgery as well as complications were compared.Results The differences of CD +4 , CD +4 /CD +8 ,IgA,IgG,ALB,TF and 24h UP between the two groups before surgery were not statistically significant (P >0.05);10d after surgery,CD +4 ,CD +4 /CD +8 ,IgA,IgG levels in the control group were (52.4 ±4.4)%,(1.8 ± 0.3)%,(2.7 ±0.3)g/L and (11.4 ±2.1)g/L,which in the observation group were (55.9 ±5.6)%,(2.1 ± 0.5)%,(2.9 ±0.5)g/L and (12.9 ±2.3)g/L,CD +4 /CD +8 ,IgA,IgG were significantly higher in the observation group(t =2.408,2.521,2.332,2.359,all P <0.05);10d after surgery,ALB,TF and 24h UP in observation group were (36.6 ±2.3)g/L,(2.9 ±0.2)g/L,and (0.7 ±0.3)g/L,which were (32.4 ±1.5)g/L,(2.2 ±0.1)g/L,and (0.4 ±0.1)g/L in the control group,the differences were statistically significant (t =7.493,15.34,4.648,P <0.05).The incidence rate of complications in the observation group was 9.5% (4 /42),which in the control group was 26.8%(11 /41),the difference was statistically significant (χ2 =4.196,P <0.05).Conclusion EN support for patients with advanced cancer is benefit for immune function improvment and nutrition improvement,and can reduce the risk of complications.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 806-811, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493750

ABSTRACT

Aims Toevaluatethepharmacodynamic efficacy of different types of antiangiogenic agents as HM-3 on a non-small cell lung cancer xenografts tumor model .To explore the interaction between the antian-giogenic agents and the tumor microenvironment,and to offer suggestions for clinical therapy.Methods Thenon-smallcelllungcarcinomaxenograftmodelwas established in Balb/c nude mice.The model mice were treated with Docetaxel(10 mg·kg-1 )as the positive control.The mice were parallelly treated with,HM-3 at the doses of 3 mg · kg-1 and 48 mg · kg-1 and, Avastin(5 mg·kg-1 ).The parameters include tumor volume,tumor weight and immunohistochemical analy-sis.Result Animalexperimentsshowedthatdocetaxel had good anti-tumor activity.Tumor growth inhibition by tumor weight of G2 docetaxel(10 mg·kg-1 )group was 60. 80%.Tumor growth inhibition by tumor weight of G3 HM-3(3 mg·kg-1 )group,G4 HM-3(48 mg· kg-1 )group ,G4 Avastin(5 mg·kg-1 )group,were 43. 60%,-34. 80%,44. 40%,respectively.Con-clusion Theantigiogeniceffectisaffectedbytumor growth stage,tumor microenvironment and their work-ing mechanisms.Angiogenesis inhibitors HM-3 has a certain effect of inhibiting tumor growth,but to little a-vail.HM-3 shows on inhibitory effect in a dose-de-pendent manner at the doses of 0~6 mg·kg-1 .HM-3 at a high dose of 48 mg · kg-1 has no inhibitory but promoting effects on human non-small cell lung carci-noma A549 xenografts in nude mice .Special dose-effect relationship indicates that dosage should be paid attention to in the clinical use of blood vessel inhibi-tors.

19.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1519-1521, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464889

ABSTRACT

[Abstract ] Objective To understand the infection status of hepatitis B among population of health examination in Chongqing ,and to analyze the modes of hepatitis B outcomes .Methods The 30170 cases of serological results of hepatitis B (HB‐sAg① ,HBsAb② ,HBeAg③ ,HBeAb④ and HBcAb⑤ ) among the individuals of health examination in our hospital from June to December 2013 were performed the retrospective analysis .Results The positive rate of HBsAg among the population of health ex‐amination aged 0-96 years old in Chongqing was 8 .02% (2 419/30 170) ,and the differences in the positive rates among different age groups and between different genders had statistical significance (χ2 =188 .045 ,67 .813 ,P<0 .01) .The infection rate of HBV was 28 .64% (8 641/30 170) ,and the difference in the infection rates among different age groups and between different genders also had statistical significance(χ2 =202 .347 ,36 .171 ,P<0 .01) .30 170 cases of hepatitis B detection results of 5 indexes were conclu‐ded into 14 kinds of modes .As the two common modes of healthy population ,all negative and single HBsAb positive ,their percenta‐ges were 25 .76% (7 772/30 170)and 45 .60% (13 757/30 170)respectively .As the common modes of HBV infection ,“① ④ ⑤”posi‐tive ,“① ③ ⑤” positive and“① ⑤” positive ,their percentages were 6 .18% (1 863/30 170) ,0 .59% (177/30 170) and 1 .21% (366/30 170) respectively .Conclusion The positive rate of HBsAg and the infection rate of HBV among population of health examina‐tion in Chongqing are close to or lower than the national average levels .Analyzing the different combination modes can reflect the different situation of HBV infection and has the guidance significance for the diagnosis and prognosis of the disease .

20.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 476-480, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811977

ABSTRACT

@#mPEG-SC20k-HM-3 is a novel anti-angiogenesis peptide with integrin affinity. To investigate the anti-tumor activities of mPEG-SC20k-HM-3 and oxaliplatin(OXA)combination, a transplanted tumor model of human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 in nude mice was established. Jin′s formula to evaluate the combination effect was used. Data suggested that the anti-tumor activities of combined groups were better than those of single drug(P< 0. 05). Inhibition rate of group 8(OXA 7. 5 mg/kg and mPEG-SC20k-HM-3 73. 4 mg/kg)was 84. 6%, which showed remarkable superiority to group 3(OXA 7. 5 mg/kg)and group 4(mPEG-SC20k-HM-3 73. 4 mg/kg). The Q of group 8 was 1. 164(> 1. 15). This combination had synergistic effect. Combination of mPEG-SC20k-HM-3 and oxaliplatin is a method of inhibiting hepatocellular carcinoma.

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