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1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1081-1092, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002404

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence of microvascular myocardial ischemia in diabetic patients without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and its relationship with angina. @*Materials and Methods@#Diabetic patients and an intermediate-to-high pretest probability of CAD were prospectively enrolled. Non-diabetic patients but with an intermediate-to-high pretest probability of CAD were retrospectively included as controls. The patients underwent dynamic computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to quantify coronary stenosis, myocardial blood flow (MBF), and extracellular volume (ECV). The proportion of patients with microvascular myocardial ischemia, defined as any myocardial segment with a mean MBF ≤ of 100 mL/min/100 mL, in patients without obstructive CAD (Coronary Artery Disease–Reporting and Data System [CAD-RADS] grade 0–2 on CCTA) was determined. Various quantitative parameters of the patients with and without diabetes without obstructive CAD were compared. Multivariable analysis was used to determine the association between microvascular myocardial ischemia and angina symptoms in diabetic patients without obstructive CAD. @*Results@#One hundred and fifty-two diabetic patients (mean age: 59.7 ± 10.7; 77 males) and 266 non-diabetic patients (62.0 ± 12.3; 167 males) were enrolled; CCTA revealed 113 and 155 patients without obstructive CAD, respectively. For patients without obstructive CAD, the mean global MBF was significantly lower for those with diabetes than for those without (152.8 mL/min/100 mL vs. 170.4 mL/min/100 mL, P < 0.001). The mean ECV was significantly higher for diabetic patients (27.2% vs. 25.8%, P = 0.009). Among the patients without obstructive CAD, the incidence of microvascular myocardial ischemia (36.3% [41/113] vs. 10.3% [16/155], P < 0.001) and interstitial fibrosis (69.9% [79/113] vs. 33.3% [8/24], P = 0.001) were significantly higher in diabetic patients than in the controls. The presence of microvascular myocardial ischemia was independently associated with angina symptoms (adjusted odds ratio = 3.439, P = 0.037) in diabetic patients but without obstructive CAD. @*Conclusion@#Dynamic CT-MPI + CCTA revealed a high incidence of microvascular myocardial ischemia in diabetic patients without obstructive CAD. Microvascular myocardial ischemia is strongly associated with angina.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1287-1293, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the lesion characteristics and predictors of invasive coronary angiography (ICA)-verified obstructive lesions with fractional flow reserve (FFR)>0.80, that is, anatomy-function mismatch.Methods:A total of 515 obstructive vessels in 419 coronary disease patients from 11 Chinese medical centers undergoing coronary CT angiography and ICA and FFR were retrospectively analyzed. All vessels had one target lesion with diameter stenosis ≥50 % by ICA. There were 229 vessels in the match group (FFR≤0.80) and 286 vessels in the mismatch group (FFR>0.80). The lesion characteristics including lesion territory, the distance of the coronary artery ostium to the proximal end of the lesion, minimum lumen area, reference lumen area, plaque length and burden, plaque volume and component volume, remodeling index and plaque morphological complexity were measured and compared between the two groups. Optimal thresholds of quantitative plaque characteristics were defined by Yoden index. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the predictors of anatomy-function mismatch. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to analyze the ability of different lesion features to predict mismatched lesions.Results:The coronary stenosis, plaque burden and length, plaque volume (including each component volume) in the mismatch group were smaller than those in the match group, and FFR, minimum lumen area were larger (all P<0.05). Left anterior descending artery (LAD) lesion and severe complex plaque were more common in the match group than the mismatch group with a statistically significant difference. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that LAD lesion, minimum lumen area>4 mm 2, plaque burden and length, plaque calcification volume<27 mm 3, plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3, plaque fiber volume<150 mm 3 and plaque morphological complexity were predictiors of anatomic function mismatched lesions; Multivariate logistic regression showed that the minimum lumen area>4 mm 2 (OR=3.371, 95%CI 1.903-5.973, P<0.001), plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3 (OR=3.014, 95%CI 1.691-5.373, P<0.001), plaque morphological complexity (mild OR=17.772, 95%CI 8.072-39.128, P<0.001, moderate OR=6.383, 95%CI 3.739-10.896, P<0.001) were independent predictors of mismatched lesions. The AUC of the model based on the minimum lumen area, plaque lipid volume and morphological complexity was 0.824, which was superior to either of the plaque feature alone ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The minimum lumen area, lipid volume and plaque morphological complexity are independent predictors of the anatomical-functional mismatch lesions, and the combination can significantly improve the prediction value.

3.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 573-578, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904330

ABSTRACT

@#This study sought to assess the therapeutic effect of celecoxib (CEL)-loaded polylactic acid-glycolic acid copolymer (PLGA) microspheres on rheumatoid arthritis in rats after intra-articular injection.The celecoxib-loaded microspheres (CEL-MS) were prepared by the O/W solvent volatilization method with PLGA as carrier.In order to investigate the therapeutic effect of CEL-MS on rheumatoid arthritis in rats after intra-articular injection, a rat model of adjuvant arthritis (AA) was constructed by complete Freund''s adjuvant, and the evaluation indicators of the therapeutic effect were rat paw swelling, arthritis index,spleen index and joint synovial histopathological examination. The results showed that the microspheres had a smooth spherical morphology with a particle size of (2.1 ± 0.3) μm and a drug loading efficiency of (20.8 ± 0.6)%.The results of the in vivo efficacy test showed that intra-articular injection of CEL-MS compared to the CEL suspension oral and the celecoxib suspension intra-articular injection in adjuvant arthritis rat model can significantly reduce joint swelling and arthritis index, thus effectively inhibiting synovial inflammation.The above results indicate that intra-articular injection of CEL-MS has a good therapeutic effect on rheumatoid arthritis in rats.

4.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 97-105, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875276

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The present study aimed to investigate the association between myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantified by dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) and the increments in heart rate (HR) after stress in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively included 204 subjects who underwent both dynamic CT-MPI and coronary CT angiography (CCTA). Patients with more than minimal coronary stenosis (diameter ≥ 25%), history of myocardial infarction/ revascularization, cardiomyopathy, and microvascular dysfunction were excluded. Global MBF at stress was measured using hybrid deconvolution and maximum slope model. Furthermore, the HR increments after stress were recorded. @*Results@#The median radiation dose of dynamic CT-MPI plus CCTA was 5.5 (4.5–6.8) mSv. The median global MBF of all subjects was 156.4 (139.8–180.4) mL/100 mL/min. In subjects with HR increment between 10 to 19 beats per minute (bpm), the global MBF was significantly lower than that of subjects with increment between 20 to 29 bpm (153.3 mL/100 mL/min vs. 171.3 mL/100 mL/min, p = 0.027). This difference became insignificant when the HR increment further increased to ≥ 30 bpm. @*Conclusion@#The global MBF value was associated with the extent of increase in HR after stress. Significantly higher global MBF was seen in subjects with HR increment of ≥ 20 bpm.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1964-1973, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918186

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the diagnostic performance of CT fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) for myocardial bridging-related ischemia using dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) as a reference standard. @*Materials and Methods@#Dynamic CT-MPI and coronary CT angiography (CCTA) data obtained from 498 symptomatic patients were retrospectively reviewed. Seventy-five patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 62.7 ± 13.2 years; 48 males) who showed myocardial bridging in the left anterior descending artery without concomitant obstructive stenosis on the imaging were included. The change in CT-FFR across myocardial bridging (ΔCT-FFR, defined as the difference in CT-FFR values between the proximal and distal ends of the myocardial bridging) in different cardiac phases, as well as other anatomical parameters, were measured to evaluate their performance for diagnosing myocardial bridging-related myocardial ischemia using dynamic CT-MPI as the reference standard (myocardial blood flow < 100 mL/100 mL/min or myocardial blood flow ratio ≤ 0.8). @*Results@#ΔCT-FFRsystolic (ΔCT-FFR calculated in the best systolic phase) was higher in patients with vs. without myocardial bridging-related myocardial ischemia (median [interquartile range], 0.12 [0.08–0.17] vs. 0.04 [0.01–0.07], p < 0.001), while CT-FFR systolic (CT-FFR distal to the myocardial bridging calculated in the best systolic phase) was lower (0.85 [0.81–0.89] vs. 0.91 [0.88–0.96], p = 0.043). In contrast, ΔCT-FFRdiastolic (ΔCT-FFR calculated in the best diastolic phase) and CT-FFR diastolic (CT-FFR distal to the myocardial bridging calculated in the best diastolic phase) did not differ significantly. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that ΔCT-FFRBsystolic had largest area under the curve (0.822; 95% confidence interval, 0.717–0.901) for identifying myocardial bridging-related ischemia. ΔCT-FFRsystolic had the highest sensitivity (91.7%) and negative predictive value (NPV) (97.8%). ΔCT-FFRdiastolic had the highest specificity (85.7%) for diagnosing myocardial bridging-related ischemia. The positive predictive values of all CT-related parameters were low. @*Conclusion@#ΔCT-FFR systolic reliably excluded myocardial bridging-related ischemia with high sensitivity and NPV. Myocardial bridging showing positive CT-FFR results requires further evaluation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science ; (12): 731-736, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821778

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the changed expression levels, biological roles and underlying mechanism of LncSox4 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), providing novel biomarkers for NSCLC diagnosis and therapy. @*Methods@#QRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of LncSox4 in the tumor tissues of NSCLC patients. Colony formation, cell growth curve, Transwell migration and invasion assays were used to determine the effects of LncSox4 knockdown on A549 cell function, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to determine the effects of LncSox4 on the progression of A549 cell cycle. QRT-PCR and western blot were used to explore the expressions of genes and proteins in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). @*Results@#The expression of LncSox4 was upregulated significantly in carcinoma tissues of NSCLC compared to the para-carcinoma tissues (t=7.109,P<0.01). The growth rate of A549 cells slowed down in LncSox4 knockdown group and the number of formed cell colonies was less than that in control group(P<0.01). LncSox4 knockdown reduced the migration and invasion abilities of A549 cells (P<0.01) and induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase(P<0.01). LncSox4 knockdown downregulated the protein expressions of Cyclin D1, c-Myc, N-cadherin, and Vimentin, while upregulated the expression of E-cadherin in A549 cells. LncSox4 knockdown also decreased the expressions of EMT-related transcription factors including snail, slug and twist. @*Conclusion@#The high expression of LncSox4 in NSCLC may promote malignant progression of NSCLC by enhancing cell proliferation, migration and invasion, suggesting that it should be a promising target for diagnosis and therapy of NSCLC.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science ; (12): 596-602, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821758

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression change, biological role and action mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00978 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). @*Methods@#The expression levels of LINC00978 in tumor tissues and serum samples of NSCLC patients were detected by the qRT-PCR. The effects of knockdown and overexpression of LINC00978 on the biological function of A549 cells were determined by the CCK-8, colony formation, Transwell migration and invasion assays. The action mechanisms of LINC00978 in NSCLC were investigated by the flow cytometry, qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. @*Results@#The expression levels of LINC00978 in the tissues ( t =2.465, P <0.05) and serum samples ( t =8.781, P <0.01) of NSCLC patients increased. The knockdown of LINC00978 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of A549 cells ( P <0.01) and induced cell cycle arrest at G1 phase and apoptosis of A549 cells ( P <0.01). The knockdown of LINC00978 downregulated the expression of Cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 , and upregulated the expression of Bax ( P <0.05). In addition, the knockdown of LINC00978 inhibited the expression of N-cadherin, Vimentin, Snail, Slug and Twist, and promoted the expression of E-cadherin ( P <0.05). The overexpression of LINC00978 had the opposite effect. @*Conclusion@#LINC00978 is highly expressed in NSCLC and can promote the occurrence and progression of NSCLC, which may serve as a potential target for the diagnosis and therapy of NSCLC.

8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 709-718, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741461

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantified by dynamic computed tomography (CT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with troponin level and left ventricle (LV) function in patients with ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five STEMI patients who successfully had undergone reperfusion treatment within 1 week of their infarction were consecutively enrolled. All patients were referred for dynamic CT-MPI. Serial high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) levels and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measured by echocardiography were recorded. Twenty-six patients with 427 segments were included for analysis. Various quantitative parameters derived from dynamic CT-MPI were analyzed to determine if there was a correlation between hs-TnT levels and LVEF on admission and again at the 6-month mark. RESULTS: The mean radiation dose for dynamic CT-MPI was 3.2 ± 1.1 mSv. Infarcted territories had significantly lower MBF (30.5 ± 7.4 mL/min/100 mL versus 73.4 ± 8.1 mL/min/100 mL, p < 0.001) and myocardial blood volume (MBV) (2.8 ± 0.9 mL/100 mL versus 4.2 ± 1.1 mL/100 mL, p = 0.044) compared with those of reference territories. MBF showed the best correlation with the level of peak hs-TnT (r = −0.682, p < 0.001), and MBV showed a moderate correlation with the level of peak hs-TnT (r = −0.437, p = 0.026); however, the other parameters did not show any significant correlation with hs-TnT levels. As for the association with LV function, only MBF was significantly correlated with LVEF at the time of admission (r = 0.469, p = 0.016) and at 6 months (r = 0.585, p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: MBF quantified by dynamic CT-MPI is significantly inversely correlated with the level of peak hs-TnT. In addition, patients with lower MBF tended to have impaired LV function at the time of their admission and at 6 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Volume , Echocardiography , Heart Ventricles , Infarction , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Reperfusion , Stroke Volume , Troponin T , Troponin
9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 621-630, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741438

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and clinical characteristics of decreased myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantified by dynamic computed tomography (CT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in symptomatic patients without in-stent restenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven (mean age, 71.3 ± 10 years; age range, 48–88 years; 31 males, 6 females) consecutive symptomatic patients with patent coronary stents and without obstructive de novo lesions were prospectively enrolled to undergo dynamic CT-MPI using a third-generation dual-source CT scanner. The shuttle-mode acquisition technique was used to image the complete left ventricle. A bolus of contrast media (50 mL; iopromide, 370 mg iodine/mL) was injected into the antecubital vein at a rate of 6 mL/s, followed by a 40-mL saline flush. The mean MBF value and other quantitative parameters were measured for each segment of both stented-vessel territories and reference territories. The MBFratio was defined as the ratio of the mean MBF value of the whole stent-vessel territory to that of the whole reference territory. An MBFratio of 0.85 was used as the cut-off value to distinguish hypoperfused from non-hypoperfused segments. RESULTS: A total of 629 segments of 37 patients were ultimately included for analysis. The mean effective dose of dynamic CT-MPI was 3.1 ± 1.2 mSv (range, 1.7–6.3 mSv). The mean MBF of stent-vessel territories was decreased in 19 lesions and 81 segments. Compared to stent-vessel territories without hypoperfusion, the mean MBF and myocardial blood volume were markedly lower in hypoperfused stent-vessel territories (77.5 ± 16.6 mL/100 mL/min vs. 140.4 ± 24.1 mL/100 mL/min [p < 0.001] and 6.4 ± 3.7 mL/100 mL vs. 11.5 ± 4 mL/100 mL [p < 0.001, respectively]). Myocardial hypoperfusion in stent-vessel territories was present in 48.6% (18/37) of patients. None of clinical parameters differed statistically significantly between hypoperfusion and non-hypoperfusion subgroups. CONCLUSION: Decreased MBF is commonly present in patients who are symptomatic after percutaneous coronary intervention, despite patent stents and can be detected by dynamic CT-MPI using a low radiation dose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Angiography , Blood Volume , Contrast Media , Coronary Artery Disease , Heart Ventricles , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Stents , Veins
10.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 256-264, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713872

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphological changes of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) as determined by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) follow-up using semi-automated quantitative analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with 31 CTO lesions confirmed by invasive coronary angiography and baseline/follow-up CCTA were retrospectively included. CTOs were quantitatively analyzed by a semi-automated coronary plaque analysis software (Coronary Plaque Analysis, version 2.0, Siemens) after manually determining the lesion border. Recanalized lumen was defined as the linear-like enhanced opacity traversing the non-opacified occluded segment. Other parameters, such as total occlusion length, total occlusion volume, volume with low attenuation component (< 30 Hounsfield unit [HU]), volume with middle to high attenuation component (30–190 HU) as well as the calcification volume, were also recorded. RESULTS: Recanalized lumen was found within 48.4% (15/31) occlusions on the follow-up CCTA, compared to 45.2% (14/31) occlusions on the baseline CCTA. Eleven of 14 lesions (78.6%) with CT-visible recanalized lumen within CTOs had a shorter occlusion length on follow-up compared to only 3 of 17 lesions (17.6%) without CT-visible recanalized lumen (odds ratio, 17.1, p < 0.001). The percentage of low attenuation component of occlusions was smaller on follow-up CCTA compared to baseline value (18.1 ± 20.1% vs. 22.6 ± 19.6%, p = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Coronary computed tomography angiography enables non-invasive characterization of natural progression of untreated CTO lesions. Recanalized lumen within CTOs observed at baseline CCTA was associated with shortening of occlusion length on follow-up. Compared to their earlier stage, occlusions of later stage were presented with higher density of non-calcified components.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Coronary Angiography , Follow-Up Studies , Natural History , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 777-784, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687738

ABSTRACT

In this study, we established a rapid and efficient HPLC method to determine the accumulation of Huperzine A and Huperzine B in the fermentation broth of endophytic fungus Colletotrichum gloesporioides from Huperzia serrate. The chloroform extracts of fermentation broth were dissolved in methanol and filtered before injection for HPLC analysis. The analysis was performed on an Agilent Eclipse plus-C18 column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) by isocratic elution. The mobile phase was 0.015 mol/L ammonium acetate-methanol (70:30, V/V), the flow rate was 1 mL/min and the detection wavelength was set at 308 nm. Huperzine A and Huperzine B could be well separated within 25 min. Good linearity of Huperzine A was found in the range of 1.50-48.00 μg/mL (r=0.999 5), and that of huperzine B was in 0.25-7.50 μg/mL (r=0.999 7). The average recoveries of Huperzine A and Huperzine B were 106.83% and 108.06%, respectively (RSD=3.34%, 3.60%). The results demonstrate that this method can detect the content of huperzine A and huperzine B in fermentation broth simply, rapidly, accurately and in good reproducibility. Under the optimized conditions, the accumulated content of huperzine A and huperzine B were measured from the sixth to the fifteenth day. Huperzine A and Huperzine B reached the highest (12.417 0 μg/mL and 4.660 3 μg/mL, respectively) at the fourteenth and eighth days. The analysis methodology could contribute to the future study of huperzine A and huperzine B biosynthesis in C. gloeosporioides, consequently facilitate the development of new drug resources.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1143-1147, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610610

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of the percentage of attenuation drop measured by diastolic phase coronary CTA (CCTA) in identifying significant dynamic compression of myocardial bridge (MB).Methods Totally 135 patients with MB confirmed by CCTA were enrolled.The CT value of MB segment and proximal MB segment was measureed respectively.Attenuation of mural coronary artery(%) =(CT value of proximal MB segment-CT value of MB segment)/CT value of MB segment × 100 %.Systolic compression ≥50 % was considered significant.The percentage of attenuation drop of MB vessel,length and depth of MB were measured and correlated with the presence and degree of dynamic compression.Results Attenuation drop of mural coronary artery(%),length of MB in MB patients with significant systolic compression,slight systolic compression and without systolic compression had significant statistical differences (all P<0.05).ROC curve showed the percentage of attenuation had the best accuracy of 73.3% in diagnosis of MB with significant systolic compression with the cutoff value of 15% and the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.75 (95% CI [0.67,0.82],P<0.01).Conclusion Attenuation drop of MB segment has relationship with the extent of dynamic compression of MB and it has value to identify significant dynamic compression of MB.

13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 753-762, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of calcification characterization by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to predict the use of rotational atherectomy (RA) for coronary intervention of lesions with moderate to severe calcification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with calcified lesions treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) who underwent both CCTA and invasive coronary angiography were retrospectively included in this study. Calcification remodeling index was calculated as the ratio of the smallest vessel cross-sectional area of the lesion to the proximal reference luminal area. Other parameters such as calcium volume, regional Agatston score, calcification length, and involved calcium arc quadrant were also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 223 patients with 241 calcified lesions were finally included. Lesions with RA tended to have larger calcium volume, higher regional Agatston score, more involved calcium arc quadrants, and significantly smaller calcification remodeling index than lesions without RA. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the best cutoff value of calcification remodeling index was 0.84 (area under curve = 0.847, p < 0.001). Calcification remodeling index ≤ 0.84 was the strongest independent predictor (odds ratio: 251.47, p < 0.001) for using RA. CONCLUSION: Calcification remodeling index was significantly correlated with the incidence of using RA to aid PCI. Calcification remodeling index ≤ 0.84 was the strongest independent predictor for using RA prior to stent implantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Atherectomy, Coronary , Calcium , Coronary Angiography , Incidence , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Phenobarbital , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Stents
14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 753-762, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of calcification characterization by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to predict the use of rotational atherectomy (RA) for coronary intervention of lesions with moderate to severe calcification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with calcified lesions treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) who underwent both CCTA and invasive coronary angiography were retrospectively included in this study. Calcification remodeling index was calculated as the ratio of the smallest vessel cross-sectional area of the lesion to the proximal reference luminal area. Other parameters such as calcium volume, regional Agatston score, calcification length, and involved calcium arc quadrant were also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 223 patients with 241 calcified lesions were finally included. Lesions with RA tended to have larger calcium volume, higher regional Agatston score, more involved calcium arc quadrants, and significantly smaller calcification remodeling index than lesions without RA. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the best cutoff value of calcification remodeling index was 0.84 (area under curve = 0.847, p < 0.001). Calcification remodeling index ≤ 0.84 was the strongest independent predictor (odds ratio: 251.47, p < 0.001) for using RA. CONCLUSION: Calcification remodeling index was significantly correlated with the incidence of using RA to aid PCI. Calcification remodeling index ≤ 0.84 was the strongest independent predictor for using RA prior to stent implantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Atherectomy, Coronary , Calcium , Coronary Angiography , Incidence , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Phenobarbital , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Stents
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 655-663, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the predictive value of transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) derived from diastolic phase of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) for identifying systolic compression of myocardial bridge (MB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients diagnosed with MB based on CCTA findings and without obstructive coronary artery disease were retrospectively enrolled. In total, 143 patients with 144 MBs were included in the study. Patients were classified into three groups: without systolic compression, with systolic compression < 50%, and with systolic compression ≥ 50%. TAG was defined as the linear regression coefficient between intraluminal attenuation in Hounsfield units (HU) and length from the vessel ostium. Other indices such as the length and depth of the MB were also recorded. RESULTS: TAG was the lowest in MB patients with systolic compression ≥ 50% (−19.9 ± 8.7 HU/10 mm). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine the optimal cutoff values for identifying systolic compression ≥ 50%. The result indicated an optimal cutoff value of TAG as −18.8 HU/10 mm (area under curve = 0.778, p < 0.001), which yielded higher sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy (54.1, 80.5, 72.8, and 75.0%, respectively). In addition, the TAG of MB with diastolic compression was significantly lower than the TAG of MB without diastolic compression (−21.4 ± 4.8 HU/10 mm vs. −12.7 ± 8 HU/10 mm, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: TAG was a better predictor of MB with systolic compression ≥ 50%, compared to the length or depth of the MB. The TAG of MB with persistent diastolic compression was significantly lower than the TAG without diastolic compression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Linear Models , Myocardial Ischemia , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 450-455, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669910

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the phototoxicity effects of the nanocompound of upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) on rat astrocytes in vitro.Methods The spinal astrocytes cells were cultured successfully in vitro and then incubated with the UCNPs-MC540 of various concentrations and exposured 980 nm infrared laser irradiation of different energy densities.The cell survival rates of each group were detected by MTT assay.The cellular morphology was observed via transmission electron microscope after photodynamic therapy.Results UCNPs-MC540 of different concentrations without laser irradiation or laser of different energy had no significant effects on cell survival rates.when cells incubated with 100 μg/ml UCNPs-MC540 for 12 h underwent laser irradiation of different energy,the cellular survival rates significantly decreased with the increased energy densities.when the cells incubated with UCNPs-MC540 of various concentrations for 12 h underwent laser irradiation of 2 000 J/cm2,the cellular survival rates significantly decreased with the increased concentrations.Compared with controls,the TEM show the apoptosis sign in the cells incubated with 200 μg/ml UCNPs-MC540 after laser irradiation of 2 000 J/cm2.Conclusion The UCNPs-MC540 mediated photodynamic therapy have effective killing effect on astrocytes by the mechanism of induction the apoptosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 435-440, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425987

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the accuracy and reliability of 4D time-resolved MRA with keyhole (4D-TRAK) for the detection and characterization of cerebral aneurysms ( CAs),with a comparison of 3D time-of-flight MRA (3D-TOF-MRA).Methods3D-TOF-MRA,4D-TRAK and 3D-DSA were performed sequentially in 52 patients with suspected CAs.4D-TRAK was acquired using a combination of sensitivity encoding (SENSE) and contrast-enhanced (CE) timing robust angiography ( CENTRA ) k-space sampling techniques at a contrast dose of 10 ml at 3 T scanner. Accuracy,sensitivity,specificity of 4D-TRAK and 3D-TOF-MRA were calculated and compared for the detection of CAs on patient-based and aneurysm-based evaluation using 3D-DSA as a reference. Wilcoxon signed rank test were used. Results The overall image quality of 4D-TRAK was appropriate for the diagnostic purpose,but yet not comparable with that of 3D-TOF-MRA.In 52 patients with suspected GAs,58 CAs were confirmed on 3D-DSA finally.Fifty-one (with 2 false-positives and 9 false-negatives) and 58 (with 1 false-positive and 1 false-negative)CAs were visualized on 4D-TRAK and 3D-TOF-MRA,respectively.Accuracy,sensitivity and specificity on patient-based evaluation of 4D-TRAK and 3D-TOF-MRA were 92.31% ( 48/52 ),93.33% ( 42/45 ),85.71 % (6/7) and 98.08% ( 51/52 ),100.00% ( 45/45 ),85.71% ( 6/7 ),respectively,and 74.07%(20/27),75.00% ( 18/24),66.67% (2/3) and 96.30% (26/27),95.83% (26/27),100.00% (3/3)on aneurysm-based evaluation in patients with multiple CAs,respectively.Subgroup analysis revealed that for 19 very small CAs ( maximal diameter <3 mm,measured on 3D-DSA),9 were missed on 4D-TRAK and 1 on 3D-TOF-MRA( Z =- 2.464,P < O.01 ). However,for 39 CAs with maximal diameter more than 3 mm,there was no significantly difference in the diagnostic accuracy (39 on 4D-TRAK vs.39 on 3D-TOFMRA) (Z =0.000,P >0.05).In 4 large CAs with maximal diameter more than 10 mm,4D-TRAK provided a better characterization of morphology than 3D-TOF-MRA.Conclusions 4D-TRAK with a combination of SENSE and CENTRA at 3 T shows potential value in the diagnosis of cerebral aneurysms.However,due to the compromise in spatial resolution and vascular edge artifacts,it does not yet have a diagnostic accuracy of CAs comparable with 3D-TOF-MRA.TRAK imaging can be of great help in patients with large-giant CAs to characterize the morphology of CAs and to diminish the risk of NSF in patients with renal impairment by using a lower-dose contrast.

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