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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2420-2428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrieve and obtain relevant evidence of intra-abdominal pressure-oriented enteral nutrition assessment and management in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension, in order to provide evidence-based evidence for clinical medical staff to make enteral nutrition-related clinical decisions for patients with intra-abdominal hypertension.Methods:Systematic retrieval of Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Chinese Biomedical Literature, UpToDate, PubMed, Cochrane Library, BMJ Best Practice and other English data, as well as domestic and foreign guidelines such as American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, etc. All evidence available on the Internet in both Chinese and English on intra-abdominal pressure-guided enteral nutrition strategies in adults with intra-abdominal hypertension, study types including clinical decision-making, systematic reviews/meta-analyses, evidence summaries, expert consensus, guidelines or related to the subject of this study closely related high-quality original research. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the database to November 2021. The literature evaluation tool was selected according to the research type. Two researchers trained in the evidence-based system independently evaluate the quality of the included literature, fully considering the clinical situation and expert opinions, and completed the evidence. Extracted and summarized.Results:Totally 13 articles were finally included, including 5 guidelines, 3 expert consensuses, 1 evidence summary and 4 original studies, and 29 evidence-based practice evidence of enteral nutrition in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension were collected, including the monitoring timing of enteral pressure, the pressure of enteral high pressure and the way of enteral nutrition, the pressure measurement of the abdominal cavity, the setting of abdominal pressure, the temperature conditions for early start of enteral nutrition, the selection of enteral pressure, the temperature setting of enteral nutrition nine aspects such as speed and regulation of internal nutrition and abdominal compartment syndrome prevention.Conclusions:This study summarizes the best evidence of intra-abdominal pressure management and enteral nutrition therapy in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension, and provides evidence-based basis for risk management, standardizing clinical practice, and ensuring treatment safety. In the stage of evidence transformation, clinical medical staff need to comprehensively weigh the benefits and risks of early enteral nutrition, and integrate evidence in combination with clinical practical application scenarios, so as to form a standardized early enteral nutrition management plan suitable for patients with intra-abdominal hypertension.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1243-1248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954547

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and apply the electronic further modified early warning score system (e-fMEWS), and explore its role in the condition evaluation and early warning of inpatients in non-critical units, so as to provide clinical nurses with an early and dynamic method to identify the potential deterioration risk of patients' condition.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 262 805 inpatients in multiple non-critical units of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January to December 2018 and January to December 2020 was performed. The patients who were hospitalized from January to December 2018 were used as the control group, and the responsible nurse used the traditional single evaluation index to start the emergency response system; the patients from January to December 2020 were used as the research group, and the emergency response system was started using e-fMEWS. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) hospitalization time ≥24 h; (2) patient ≥14 years old. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients had cardiopulmonary resuscitation before admission; (2) patients discontinued treatment or were transferred to another hospital during treatment; (3) patients received palliative care; (4) patients were admitted to non-critical wards in grade I of emergency pre-examination and triage. The activation of the rapid response team (RRT), the activation of the cardiorespiratory arrest team, the incidence of cardiac and respiratory arrest, the number of cases of invasive mechanical ventilation, the number of cases admitted to the intensive care unit, the length of hospital stay and the prognosis were compared. Statistical software SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis.Results:Under the e-fMEWS assessment, compared with the control group, the rate of initiation of the research group decreased by 0.03%. For patients who initiated RRT, the average length of hospital stay was shortened, and the number of in-hospital respiratory cardiac arrest decreased (12.2% vs. 13.2%) and the number of cases transferred to the intensive care unit was less (42.8% vs. 50.6%), the rate of improvement and recovary increased (58.4% vs. 56.1%).Conclusions:The application of e-fMEWS can help clinical nurses to quickly and accurately identify the potential risk of deterioration of the patient's condition. Through early identification of potentially critically ill patients in non-critical units, early intervention and timely treatment can avoid adverse events and improve the patient prognosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1269-1273, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the new generation of intelligent ICU Unit based on 5G and artificial intelligence technology.Methods:This study was conducted at the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from May 2019 to August 2020. Based on a multidisciplinary team including medical, nursing, hospital management, clinical medical engineering, 5G technology, information technology, artificial intelligence technology, logistics service, etc, was assembled to intelligently design and reconstruct an intelligent ICU Unit of Emergency ICU.Results:Based on 5G technology, a new intelligent ICU unit environment was constructed to realize remote and high-speed interaction of multi-dimensional information in ICU, including intelligent assistance of remote monitoring, remote ward rounds, remote consultation and family visits. An intelligent hospital infection prevention and control system was established including automatic identification and alarm of hand hygiene and personal protection.Conclusions:The new generation of intelligent ICU unit combined with 5G and artificial intelligence technology has changed the mode of medical service for critically ill patients and improved the service level, which is worthy of further exploration and application.

4.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 997-1001, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907743

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on Braden scale, combined with local skin temperature and local tissue oxygen saturation as microcirculation indicators, to construct a pressure injury risk prognosis model for severe trauma patients, and develop a visual nomogram.Methods:All the trauma patients in the Emergency Intensive Care Unit (EICU) of a tertiary hospital in Zhejiang Province from June 1, 2020 to August 31, 2020 were selected. The Braden scale was used to assess the risk of pressure injury in the patient and measure the patient’s sacral injury. The skin temperature and blood oxygen saturation at the pressure site were used as indicators for microcirculation evaluation. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to construct a prognostic model and visual nomogram for severe trauma patients with stress injury based on Braden score combined with microcirculation evaluation indicators, and compared with the prediction model constructed by the Braden scale alone. The discrimination degree was judged by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. The C index performed internal verification of the model, H-L goodness-of-fit test, and the overall discrimination index to observe and predict the effect of the model.Results:A total of 152 patients were enrolled in this study, of which 33 (21.71%) had pressure injuries. The area under the curve of the Braden scale combined with local skin temperature and local tissue oxygen saturation was 0.866, and the internal verification C index of the model was 0.847. The H-L goodness of fit test result was 8.37 ( P=0.051), indicating that the model had good discrimination and consistency. The overall discrimination index of the model was 0.144 ( P=0.023). Conclusions:The Braden scale combined with local microcirculation indicators to construct a prognostic model of stress injury in severe trauma patients has good discrimination and consistency, and the predictive power of the Braden scale is improved by 14.4%. The construction of a nomogram can provide clinical rapid convenient and reliable forecasting tool.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 866-871, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743188

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the optimal dose of early enteral nutrition support in critically ill patients.Methods Systematic search database including PubMed,Web of science,Scopus,CINAHL,CBM,CNKI.RCTs about early enteral nutrition dose selections in critically ill patients were chosen according to include and exclude criteria by two researchers independently.Cochrane system evaluation manual bias risk assessment was used to evaluate quality of literature.RevMan5.3 Meta analysis software was used to analyze the data.Results A total of 1 571 literatures were retrieved and 8 RCT studies were included,2 713 subjects in total.Meta analysis results showed that there were statistically significant differences in mechanical ventilation time,incidence of diarrhea,and utilization rate of gastro dynamic drugs between trophic feeding and full feeding (P<0.05).There were no statistically significant differences in mortality,length of stay,incidence of nosocomial infections,reflux,vomiting,constipation,etc.(P>0.05).Conclusions Trophic feeding has familiar effects on mortality,length of hospital stay compared to full feeding,but it can help to shorten ICU mechanical ventilation time,improve the gastrointestinal tolerability.

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