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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1619-1630, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927806

ABSTRACT

Synthetic Biology is one of the most promising fields of modern Biology and a frontier interdisciplinary subject in the 21st century. With the rapid development of synthetic biology, the International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) competition has emerged. The iGEM competition, based on the subject foundation of Synthetic Biology, intends to solve the biological problems in our daily life by applying modern biological technology. In recent years, with the continuous increase of participating teams, the iGEM competition has received extensive attention and achieved great progress. On the basis of the development of Synthetic Biology, we analyzed the 2018-2020 award-winning projects of the iGEM competition and illustrated the role and significance of the iGEM competition in cultivating college students' innovative thinking and ability with the participation experience of the iGEM team of Southwest Jiaotong University as an example.


Subject(s)
Genetic Engineering , Humans , Students , Synthetic Biology , Universities
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806214

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of auricle deformity corrector in non-surgical treatment of congenital auricular deformity.@*Methods@#The auricular deformity correctors were applied for non-surgical treatment of congenital auricular deformities. The patients were divided into three groups according to the treatment starting age (<1 month old, 1-3 months old, 3-6 months old), followed up for every month respectively after treatment. According to the improvement of auricle morphology, the treatment results were divided into four levels (e, g, f, p) and the effective rate (e+ g)% was calculated.@*Results@#From January 2014 to December 2016, there were 140 ears of congenital malformations in children aged less than 6 months who were treated and followed up. Among them, 33 ears had helical rim abnormalities, 29 with cup-shaped ears, 12 with prominent ears, 4 with Stahl′s ears, and 62 with cryptotia ears. The therapeutic efficacies (<1 month old, 1-3 months old, 3-6 months) of these ear malformations were: cryptotia ear (100%, 100%, 87.5%), helical rim abnormality (100%, 90.47%, 66.67 %), prominent ear (-, 100%, 50%), cup ear (100%, 78.57%, 53.33%), Stahl′s ear (-, 100%, 33.33%). Follow-up more than 6 months after treatment, up to a year and a half, no recurrence was found.@*Conclusions@#The auricular deformity corrector can be used as an effective approach for achieving natural outcomes and correcting cosmetic abnormalities. Rate of satisfaction is dependent on types of deformity, the neonatal age in which treatment started and also parents′ compliance to treatment methods and principals. The method is noninvasive, easy to wear and works well. Early proper treatment can avoid future operations and save social medical resources.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 354-358, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808635

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summary the experience of 233 cases of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) performed by a single surgical team.@*Methods@#Data of patients undergoing LPD from September 2012 to October 2016 were reviewed. There were 145 males and 88 females with the mean age of(60.3±13.0)years old, ranging from 19 to 92 years old, and the mean body mass index of (22.8±3.5)kg/m2, ranging from 16.3 to 36.8 kg/m2. There were 195 patients with clinical manifestation and 54 patients who had the history of abdominal surgery.@*Results@#LPD were performed on 233 patients by same surgical team consecutively. The mean operative time was(368.0±57.4)minutes. Mean blood loss was(203.8±138.6)ml. The postoperative morbidity rate was 33.5%, with 6.9% of grade B or C pancreatic fistula and 9.9% of bleeding. The reoperation rate was 5.6%. The mortality during 30 days after operation was 0.9%. Mean postoperative hospital stay was (18.1±11.2)days. Mean tumor size was (3.9±2.4)cm, and the mean number of lymph nodes harvested was 21.3±11.9.One hundred and sixty-three patients were diagnosed as malignant tumor, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma(n=84), cholangiocarcinoma(n=17), ampullary adenocarcinoma(n=55), duodenal adenocarcinoma(n=5), gastric cancer(n=1)and duel cancer (n=1) located in distal stomach and duodenum.@*Conclusion@#The key point to make laparoscopic pancreaticduodenectomy a routine safe procedure is to operate the procedure under skilled hands in selected patients via suitable surgical approaches.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341487

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric stump cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical and follow-up data of 7 patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric stump cancer in our department from January 2008 to July 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 5 male and 2 female patients, with a mean age of (62.1±10.7) years. Initial gastrectomy was performed for gastric cancer in 3 patients and peptic ulceration in 4. The initial surgery was B-II( gastrojejunostomy in 6 patients and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy in 1. Duration between primary gastrectomy and occurrence of gastric stump cancer was ranged from 6-30 years for peptic ulceration, and from 11-15 years for gastric cancer. During the operation, adhesiolysis and exploration to locate the tumor were performed. Following total remnant gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy, intracorporeal anastomosis was accomplished by Roux-en-Y reconstruction. The methods of intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy were end-to-side approach using a circular stapler in 1 patient, side-to-side approach using an endoscopic linear staple in 2 patients, and hand-sewn technique in 4 patients. The operation time was (247.1±17.5) minutes and the intraoperative blood loss was (100.0±30.8) ml without transfusion. The number of retrieved lymph node was 19.1±4.8. The first flatus time, diet resumption time, postoperative hospital stay were (3.3±1.5) days, (3.7±0.8) days, (9.4±2.6) days, respectively. One patient experienced gastrointestinal bleeding that was managed conservatively and ultimately cured. Seven patients were followed up till January 2016. After follow-up from 6 to 38 months, 1 patient died of peritoneal metastasis 17 months after surgery, and 1 patient died of Alzheimer's disease 19 months after surgery. The other 5 patients were still alive without metastasis or recurrence.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric stump cancer is feasible and safe.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Gastrectomy , Gastric Bypass , Gastric Stump , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Stapling
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470239

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacies of open and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of adult patients with congenital choledochal cyst.Methods The clinical data of 36 adult patients with congenital choledochal cysts who were admitted to the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital from February 2008 to February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Twenty-four patients underwent common bile duct cyst resection + cholecystectomy +biliojejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis (open surgery group),12 patients underwent laparoscopic common bile duct cyst resection + cholecystectomy + biliojejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis (laparoscopy group).The intraoperative conditions,detection indexes and postoperative recovery indexes in the 2 groups were analyzed.The follow-up by regular outpatient examination and telephone interview were done up to March 2015.Non-normal distribution data were described as M(P25,P75).Comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher exact probability.Measurement data with normal distribution were presented as (x) ± s and analyzed using t test.Count data were evaluated by the ratio and proportion.Results The operation time of the open surgery group and laparoscopy group were 238 minutes (191 minutes,283 minutes) and 270 minutes (225 minutes,326 minutes),with a significant difference between the 2 groups (Z =-1.360,P > 0.05).The volume of intraoperative blood loss in the open surgery group and laparoscopy group were 200 mL (113 mL,363 mL) and 75 mL(50 mL,138 mL),with a significant difference between the 2 groups (Z =-3.377,P <0.05).The level of C-reactive protein in the open surgery group and laparoscopy group were 94 mg/L (81 mg/L,104 mg/L) and 29 mg/L (21 mg/L,61 mg/L),with a significant difference between the 2 groups (Z =-4.296,P <0.05).The pain scores at postoperative day 3,time to anal exsufflation,time for fluid diet intake and duration of hospital stay of the open surgery group and laparoscopy group were 2.5 ± 0.9,(3.7 ± 1.0) days,(5.0 ± 1.6) days,(10.0 ± 2.7) days and 1.9 ±0.3,(2.6 ± 1.0) days,(3.6 ± 1.6) days,(7.8 ± 2.2) days,respectively,showing significant differences between the 2 groups (t =3.146,3.286,2.450,2.523,P < 0.05).Nine patients in the open surgery group and 3 patients in the laparoscopy group had the complications,with improvement of conditions after symptomatic treatment,showing no significant difference between the 2 groups (P > 0.05).All the 36 patients were followed up for a median time of 36 months (range,1-72 months) with good recovery,without long-term postoperative complications and re-operation.Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of adult patients with congenital choledochal cyst is safe and feasible,with the advantages of less intraoperative bleeding,less surgical trauma,fast recovery compared with open surgery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577825

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone and sequence the cDNA encoding(S)-N-methylcoclaurine-3'-hydroxylase from Coptis chinensis.Methods The cDNA,encoding(S)-N-methylcoclaurine-3'-hydroxylase,was amplified by RT-PCR with cDNA library of tender leaf as the template.Results The full-length cDNA of(S)-N-methylcoclaurine-3'-hydroxylase(named as CYP80B3) had 1 680 bp with an open reading frame encoding 488 amino acids of protein.The CYP80B3 had 95%,82%,70%,and 68% amino acid sequence homology to the sequence of(S)-N-methylcoclaurine-3'-hydroxylase from C.japonica,Thalictrum flavum,Eschscholzia californica and Papaver somniferum,respectively.The sequence was reported to the GenBank and coded as EF492879.Comparison of sequence with(S)-N-methylcoclaurine-3'-hydroxylase from C.japonica showed CYP80B3 possessed the same functional regions involved with 3'-hydroxylation of(S)-N-methylcoclaurine.Conclusion The cDNA encoding CYP80B3 from C.chinensis was cloned and reported.This work underlays the first step for exploring the pathway of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis and for improving the content of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid in C.chinensis.

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