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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785344


The current document is based on a consensus reached by a panel of experts from the Chinese Society of Allergy and the Chinese Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rhinology Group. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects approximately 8% of Chinese adults. The inflammatory and remodeling mechanisms of CRS in the Chinese population differ from those observed in the populations of European descent. Recently, precision medicine has been used to treat inflammation by targeting key biomarkers that are involved in the process. However, there are no CRS guidelines or a consensus available from China that can be shared with the international academia. The guidelines presented in this paper cover the epidemiology, economic burden, genetics and epigenetics, mechanisms, phenotypes and endotypes, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, management, and the current status of CRS in China. These guidelines—with a focus on China—will improve the abilities of clinical and medical staff during the treatment of CRS. Additionally, they will help international agencies in improving the verification of CRS endotypes, mapping of eosinophilic shifts, the identification of suitable biomarkers for endotyping, and predicting responses to therapies. In conclusion, these guidelines will help select therapies, such as pharmacotherapy, surgical approaches and innovative biotherapeutics, which are tailored to each of the individual CRS endotypes.

Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biomarkers , China , Consensus , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Therapy , Eosinophils , Epidemiology , Epigenomics , Genetics , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Inflammation , International Agencies , Medical Staff , Neck , Phenotype , Precision Medicine
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807377


Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) describes a broad category of practices and treatments for the prevention or treatment of disease outside the realm of conventional medicine. CAM is widely used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, acute and chronic rhinosinusitis. This article summarizes a variety of CAM and the efficacy in the treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis, with the purpose of increasing people′s awareness of CAM and enriching the treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis, so that patients can benefit from it.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746903


OBJECTIVE@#To construct a kind of recombinant plasmid PGCsi-AQP1 delivery with DOPC and explore the inhibit effect of laryngeal carcinoma by RNAi targeting AQP1 in vivo.@*METHOD@#Male BALB/c mice, 6 weeks of age transplanted with laryngeal carcinoma cell line Hep-2, four groups were divided randomly: Tail vein injection group (TVIG), Carcinoma around injection group (CAIG), negative control group (NCG) and blank control group (BCG). The recombinant plasmid PGCsi-AQP1 delivery with DOPC were inject into tail vein or surrounding tumor. HE pathological slides and tumor size were observed and inhibitory rate was figured up. The level of AQP1 protein expression and high microvessel density were detected by Immunohistochemical staining (IHC).@*RESULT@#We constructed BALB/c mice models of laryngeal carcinoma successfully (1) HE staining: cell putrescence, nuclear pyknosis and apoptotic bodies were more in the tumor tissues of experimental groups than two control groups. (2) The total volumes of tumor in experimental group were both smaller than in two control groups (P 0.05). (3) IHC: the AQP1 positive cells and microvessel density in TVIG and CAIG were both less than in two control groups (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Neutral lipsomes DOPC could help carriaging the recombinant plasmid PGCsi-AQP1 to tumor and then play an inhibit role in laryngeal carcinoma tissue by RNAi targeting AQP1 in vivo.

Animals , Aquaporin 1 , Therapeutic Uses , Cell Line, Tumor , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Liposomes , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neoplasm Transplantation , Plasmids , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Random Allocation , Transfection
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747420


OBJECTIVE@#To report a case of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) of tonsil,analyze its clinical and pathological features, as well as the diagnosis and differential diagnosis.@*METHOD@#Tonsillectomy of low temperature coblation were done with general anesthesia. Histopathology, immunohistochemistry, electron microscope were used to analyzed the features of FDCS. The clinical character and treatment were reported.@*RESULT@#There was no evidence of recurrence in two years.@*CONCLUSION@#A correct diagnosis of FDCS was difficult to make , and immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies are useful to FDCS's diagnosis. Low temperature coblation used in FDCS need more experience.

Aged, 80 and over , Dendritic Cell Sarcoma, Follicular , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Tonsillar Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery