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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 106-113, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013607

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether salvianolic acid B ( Sal B) has inhibitory effect on hepatoma HuH- 7 cells and explore whether it works via Hippo/YAP signaling pathway. Methods HuH-7 cells were induced by TGF-β1 (9 pmol · L

2.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 31-34, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005106

ABSTRACT

This paper summarized PENG Qinghua's clinical experience in treating dry eye by applying therapeutic method of maintaining with sweet medicinals and restoring the body fluids. It is believed that the spleen earth insufficiency and fluids damage transforming into dryness are the main pathogenesis of the disease, and the basic therapeutic principle is maintaining with the sweet and restoring the body fluids by mainly using sweet medicines. It is advocated to use mild-sweet herbs, such as Baibiandou (Lablab purpureus subsp. purpureus), Fuling (Smilax glabra Roxb.), and Yiyiren (Coix lacryma-jobi L.), to transport spleen earth, so that qi is restored and body fluids are recovered; moderate-sweet herbs, such as Dangshen (Codonopsis pilosula [Franch.] Nannf.), Taizishen (Pseudostellaria heterophylla [Miq.] Pax), Shanyao (Dioscorea oppositifolia L.) and Zhigancao (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) are suggested to cultivate earth and generate metal, so as to move qi and circulate fluid; sweet-cool herbs, such as Nanshashen (Adenophora triphylla [Thunb.] A.DC.), Beishashen (Glehnia littoralis [A.Gray] F.Schmidt ex Miq.), Yuzhu (Polygonatum odoratum [Mill.] Druce), Tianhuafen (Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim.) are suggested to nourish yin and increase body fluids, so as to promote fluid production to moisten dryness. In this way, when the source of fluid is restored and the fluid is circulated, the fluid can be produced continuously, which provides new ideas for the treatment of dry eyes with traditional Chinese medicine.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 504-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of three-dimensional (3D) CT in diagnosing cricoarytenoid dislocation.Methods:From January 2021 to December 2021, 31 patients with unilateral cricoarytenoid dislocation who had been treated by reduction forceps at the Affiliated BenQ Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were collected retrospectively, and their voice recovered or improved significantly after therapy. The preoperative CT images were reconstructed by volume rendering (VR). The dislocated side (left and right), type of dislocation (total dislocation and subluxation), and dislocation direction (anterior, posterior, internal and external dislocation) of cricoarytenoid dislocation were observed. According to arytenoid articular surface of cricoid cartilage exposed completely or not (caused by arytenoid displacement), they were divided into complete dislocation and subluxation. According to the direction of arytenoid displacement and the part of arytenoid articular surface of cricoid cartilage exposed, they were divided into anterior, posterior, internal and external dislocation. According to the shape of the vocal cords on laryngoscope, anterior and posterior dislocation of each case was judged, and then compared with that of CT.Results:On VR images, there were 28 cases of cricoarytenoid subluxation (90.3%, 28/31) and 3 cases of complete dislocation (9.7%, 3/31). Left cricoarytenoid dislocation was 26 cases (83.9%, 26/31) and right cricoarytenoid dislocation was 5 cases (16.1%, 5/31). Posterior dislocation was 28 cases (90.3%, 28/31) and anterior dislocation was 3 cases (9.7%, 3/31). There were 23 cases of internal dislocation (74.2%, 23/31), 2 cases of external dislocation (6.4%, 2/31), and 6 cases without obvious internal and external dislocation (19.4%, 6/31). Three cases of complete dislocation were left posterior internal dislocation.There were 24 cases of left posterior dislocation (77.4%, 24/31), 4 cases of right posterior dislocation (12.9%, 4/31), 2 cases of left anterior dislocation (6.4%, 2/31) and 1 case of right anterior dislocation (3.2%, 1/31). On laryngoscope, there were 19 cases of posterior dislocation (61.3%, 19/31), 9 cases of anterior dislocation (29.0%, 9/31), 3 cases were difficult to assess (9.7%, 3/31) because of aryepiglottic fold covering. Sixteen cases (55.2%, 16/28) were consistent with 3D CT, and 12 cases (42.8%, 12/28) were inconsistent.Conclusion:The 3D CT is a reliable method to evaluate cricoarytenoid dislocation, which can show dislocated side, type and direction of cricoarytenoid dislocation clearly.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 983-988, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013212

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of the sodium channel blockers (SCB) antiseizure medication in the treatment of focal epilepsy in infants under 6 months of age. Methods: This was a case series study. Infants with focal epilepsy with onset within 6 months of age and treated with SCB attending the Department of Neurology of Beijing Children's Hospital from June 2016 to April 2022 were collected. The clinical data, auxiliary examinations, SCB application, efficacy, adverse reactions, and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were grouped according to type of seizure and epileptic syndrome, age of onset and etiology. Chi square test and Fisher exact test were used to analyze the differences between groups statistically. Results: A total of 118 infants were enrolled, 65 males and 53 females, with an age of epilepsy onset of 56 (4, 114) days. Developmental and epileptic encephalopathy was diagnosed in 60 infants, 39 had self-limited neonatal and (or) infantile epilepsy, and 19 had non-syndromic focal epilepsy. Application of SCB: 106 used oxcarbazepine, 2 used lacosamide, 9 switched from oxcarbazepine to lacosamide or a combination of 2 SCB, and 1 used oxcarbazepine, lacosamide, and lamotrigine successively; oxcarbazepine was the first choice in 46 cases. The age at which SCB was applied was 103 (53, 144) days. The children were followed up for 6 months to 6 years. SCB was effective in 89 cases (75.4%), including 70 cases (59.3%) who achieved seizure freedom. The seizure-free rate was higher in the focal epilepsy only group than in the group with other seizure types (64.4% (65/101) vs. 4/17, χ²=9.99, P<0.05). The responder and seizure-free rates were all higher in the group with the onset age of >3-6 months than the group >1-3 months (84.4% (38/45) vs. 62.5% (20/32), 73.3% (33/45) vs. 46.9% (15/32), χ²=4.85 and 5.58, both P<0.05). With the exception of variants in the PRRT2 gene, those with variants in sodium or potassium channels had higher responder and seizure-free rates than those with variants in other genes(86.2% (25/29) vs. 45.5% (10/22), 62.1% (18/29) vs. 22.7% (5/22), χ²=9.65 and 7.82,both P<0.05). The most common adverse event was transient hyponatremia, which happened in 66 cases (55.9%). There were 9 cases of rash, which subsided in 6 cases after discontinuing oxcarbazepine and switching to lacosamide, and 7 cases of electrocardiogram abnormalities, which improved after withdrawing oxcarbazepine and changing to lacosamide in 1 case. Conclusion: SCB are effective and tolerable in the treatment of focal epilepsy in infants under 6 months of age, with better efficacy in patients with genetic variants of the sodium or potassium channel, focal seizures only, and seizure onset >3-6 months of age.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant , Sodium Channel Blockers/adverse effects , Oxcarbazepine , Lacosamide , Retrospective Studies , Epilepsies, Partial/drug therapy , Seizures , Sodium , Anticonvulsants/adverse effects
5.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 577-582, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973650

ABSTRACT

Background Fluorine accumulates in the brain tissue after long-term excessive intake and subsequently cause nerve damage and decline of learning and memory ability. Receptor of advanced glycation end-products (RAGE)/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK)/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway is considered to be involved in the associated mechanism. Objective To study the changes of RAGE/ p38MAPK/ NF-κB signaling pathway in rats with subchronic fluorosis, and to explore the protective effects of extract of Ginkgo biloba 761 (EGb761) and RAGE antagonist (FPS-ZM1) on neuromemory ability. Methods Ninety male clean SD rats were divided into 9 groups with 10 rats in each group. The modeling period was 6 months. Control group (C group): free drinking tap water (fluoride content <0.5 mg·L−1), low- and high-dose fluoride groups (LF group, HF group): free drinking tap water with 10 or 50 mg·L−1 fluoride; intervention group of Ginkgo biloba extract (CE, LFE, and HFE groups): on the basis of the C group, LF group, and HF group, 100 mg·kg−1·d−1 EGb761 was given daily via intragastric administration; FPS-ZM1 intervention groups (CF, LFF, and HFF groups): 7 d before the end of modeling, 1 mg·kg−1·d−1 FPS-ZM1 was injected intraperitoneally daily on the basis of the C group, LF group, and HF group. The contents of fluoride in brain and blood of each group were detected. The learning and memory ability was tested by water maze experiment. The histopathologic changes of the hippocampus were detected by Nissl staining. The protein expression levels of RAGE and its ligand high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1), NF-κB, p38MAPK, phospho-p38MAPK (p-p38MAPK), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in brain tissue were detected by Western blotting. The mRNA expression levels of RAGE, HMGB1, and p38MAPK were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Results Compared with the C group, the contents of blood fluoride and brain fluoride in the LF and the HF groups were increased (P<0.05). The results of the water maze experiment showed that, compared with the C group, the escape latency time of the LF group and the HF group was longer and the crossing times were reduced; compared with the HF group, the escape latency time of the HFE group and the HFF group was shortened, and the crossing times were increased (P<0.05). The Nissl staining results showed that the number of Nissl body in the HF group decreased compared with the C group; compared with the HF group, the number of Nissl body in the HFE group and the HFF group increased. The Western blotting results showed that compared with the relative protein expression levels of RAGE, HMGB1, NF-κB, p38MAPK, p-p38MAPK, IL-6, and TNF-α in the C group , the levels of above indicators in the HF group and the levels of RAGE, HMGB1, NF-κB, p-p38MAPK, and IL-6 in the LF group were up-regulated (P<0.05); compared with the HF group, the levels of above indicators in the HFE group and the HFF group were all down-regulated (P<0.05); compared with the relative protein expression levels of RAGE and HMGB1 in the LF group, the levels in the LFE group and the LFF group were all down-regulated (P<0.05). The quantitative real-time PCR results showed that compared with the C group, the mRNA expression levels of RAGE and HMGB1 in the LF group and the HF group were up-regulated; compared with the LF group, the mRNA expression levels of RAGE in the LFE group and the LFF group were down-regulated ; compared with the HF group, the mRNA expression levels of RAGE and HMGB1 in the HFE group and the HFF group were down-regulated (P<0.05). Conclusion The central nervous system injury caused by subchronic fluorosis may be related to the activation of RAGE/p38-MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway, which can impair the learning and memory ability of rats, while EGb761 and FPS-ZM1 may have certain protective effects on the nerve injury.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 453-458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of children with uridine responsive developmental epileptic encephalopathy 50 (DEE50) caused by CAD gene variants. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 6 patients diagnosed with uridine-responsive DEE50 caused by CAD gene variants at Beijing Children's Hospital and Peking University First Hospital from 2018 to 2022. The epileptic seizures, anemia, peripheral blood smear, cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), visual evoked potential (VEP), genotype features and the therapeutic effect of uridine were descriptively analyzed. Results: A total of 6 patients, including 3 boys and 3 girls, aged 3.5(3.2,5.8) years, were enrolled in this study. All patients presented with refractory epilepsy, anemia with anisopoikilocytosis and global developmental delay with regression. The age of epilepsy onset was 8.5 (7.5, 11.0) months, and focal seizures were the most common seizure type (6 cases). Anemia ranged from mild to severe. Four patients had peripheral blood smears prior to uridine administration, showing erythrocytes of variable size and abnormal morphology, and normalized at 6 (2, 8) months after uridine supplementation. Two patients suffered from strabismus, 3 patients had VEP examinations, indicating of suspicious optic nerve involvement, and normal fundus examinations. VEP was re-examined at 1 and 3 months after uridine supplementation, suggesting significant improvement or normalization. Cranial MRI were performed at 5 patients, demonstrating cerebral and cerebellar atrophy. They had cranial MRI re-examined after uridine treatment with a duration of 1.1 (1.0, 1.8) years, indicating significant improvement in brain atrophy. All patients received uridine orally at a dose of 100 mg/(kg·d), the age at initiation of uridine treatment was 1.0 (0.8, 2.5) years, and the duration of treatment was 2.4 (2.2, 3.0) years. Immediate cession of seizures was observed within days to a week after uridine supplementation. Four patients received uridine monotherapy and were seizure free for 7 months, 2.4 years, 2.4 years and 3.0 years respectively. One patient achieved seizure free for 3.0 years after uridine supplementation and had discontinued uridine for 1.5 years. Two patients were supplemented with uridine combined with 1 to 2 anti-seizure medications and had a reduced seizure frequency of 1 to 3 times per year, and they had achieved seizure free for 8 months and 1.4 years respectively. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of DEE50 caused by CAD gene variants present a triad of refractory epilepsy, anemia with anisopoikilocytosis, and psychomotor retardation with regression, accompanied by suspected optic nerve involvement, all of which respond to uridine treatment. Prompt diagnosis and immediate uridine supplementation could lead to significant clinical improvement.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant , Epilepsy/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Drug Resistant Epilepsy , Uridine , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Anemia , Electroencephalography/adverse effects , Neurodegenerative Diseases
7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 103-107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923020

ABSTRACT

Hyaluronic acid is widely present in the human body. It is an important component of extracellular matrix. It has unique hydrodynamic properties, good viscoelasticity and strain properties. At present, hyaluronic acid has been widely used in biomaterials, targeted-drug preparations, cosmetics and prevention of adhesion after abdominal surgery. With the expansion of the application scope of hyaluronic acid and the continuous emergence of new medical materials, the research on hyaluronic acid has been increasing in recent years. This paper reviews the clinical application of hyaluronic acid and its mechanism, in order to provide reference for the further development and safe application of hyaluronic acid products.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 339-344, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935698

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of epilepsy associated with chromosome 16p11.2 microdeletion. Methods: The patients (n=10) with 16p11.2 microdeletion found in children with epilepsy treated in Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2018 to January 2021 were collected. The clinical manifestations, gene variations and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 10 children's data were collected, including 5 male and 5 female. The onset age of epilepsy was 4.5 (4.1,5.0) months. Regarding the seizure types, 7 cases had focal seizures with secondary generalization, 2 cases had generalized seizures, and 1 case had tonic seizures and spasms. Nine cases had cluster seizure attacks and 3 cases had status epilepticus. Seven cases had focal or multifocal epileptiform discharges in interictal electroencephalogram (EEG), 3 cases had borderline or normal EEG. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed polymicrogyria in 1 case, paraventricular leukomalacia in 1 case, delayed myelination of white matter in 3 cases, and no obvious abnormalities in the other 5 cases. The patients were followed up for 0.5-3.5 years, with 1-3 kinds of antiepileptic drugs taken orally. The case with polymicrogyria still had seizures, however the other 9 cases had seizures controlled. The age of the last seizure attack was 8 (6, 12) months. There were 6 cases with mental and motor developmental delay before epilepsy onset. During the follow-up, 7 cases were retarded to varying degrees, while 3 cases had normal development. Regarding the genetic detection methods, 7 cases underwent whole exome sequencing, 2 cases underwent whole genome copy number variation detection, and 1 case underwent whole genome sequencing. The length of the 16p11.2 deletion in 10 cases ranged from 525 to 951 kb, and all contained the PRRT2 gene intact. Six cases were de novo variants, 1 case was inherited from the mother who had a history of convulsions in early childhood, and the source of variant was not verified in 3 cases, none of whose parents had relevant phenotype. Conclusions: The epilepsy associated with 16p11.2 microdeletion is mainly induced by the heterozygous deletion of PRRT2 gene in this region, however the phenotype is usually severe, and often combined with developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. Detection of copy number variation should be emphasized in children whose etiology is considered genetic but second-generation sequencing result is negative.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Chromosomes , DNA Copy Number Variations , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/genetics , Polymicrogyria/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 232-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935676

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyse the clinical and gene characteristics of GRIN2B gene related neurological developmental disorders in children. Methods: The data of 11 children with GRIN2B gene related neurological developmental disorders from November 2016 to February 2021 were collected from Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health and analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features, electroencephalogram (EEG), brain imaging and gene testing results were summarized. Results: Among 11 children 6 were boys and 5 were girls. Two of them were diagnosed with developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. The ages of seizures onset were 3 months and 9 months, respectively. Seizure types included epileptic spasm, tonic seizures, tonic spasm and focal seizures, and 1 patient also had startle attacks. EEG showed interictal multifocal epileptiform discharges. Both of them were added with more than 2 anti-seizure drugs, which were partially effective but could not control. They had moderate to severe mental and motor retardation. The phenotype of 9 cases was developmental delay or intellectual disability without epilepsy, age of visit 1 year to 6 year and 4 months of whom 5 cases had severe developmental delay, 2 cases had moderate and 2 cases had mild delay. Multi-focal epileptiform discharges were observed in 3 cases, no abnormality was found in 3 cases, and the remaining 3 cases did not undergo EEG examination. Ten cases underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 6 cases had nonspecific abnormalities and 4 cases were normal. Nine GRIN2B gene heterozygous variants were detected by next-generation sequencing in these 11 patients, 8 cases had missense variants and 1 case had nonsense variant, all of which were de novo and 3 of which were novel. Missense variants were found in 10 patients, among them 6 cases had severe developmental delay, 3 cases had moderate and 1 case had mild developmental delay, but the patient with nonsense variant showed mild developmental delay without epilepsy. Conclusions: The phenotypes of GRIN2B gene related neurological developmental disorders in children are diverse, ranging from mild intellectual impairment without epilepsy to severe epileptic encephalopathy. Patients with epileptic phenotype usually have an onset age of infancy, and spasm and focal seizures are the most common seizure types. And the epiletice episodes are refractory. Most of the patients with missense variants had severe developmental delay.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Seizures/genetics , Spasms, Infantile/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1202-1206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940255

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between body composition and eating habits among medical students, and to provide evidence for health promotion.@*Methods@#In December 2021, stratified cluster random sampling method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey and body composition assessment among 445 students in grade one to grade four in Jining Medical University.@*Results@#There were 152 girls (53.3%) and 45 boys (28.1%) with low skeletal muscle mass. Totally 167 students ( 37.5% ) had lower muscle mass, including 115 females (40.4%) and 49 males (30.6%). High body fat percentage was found in 259 (58.2%) students, including 179 females (62.8%) and 80 males (50.0%). There were 192 students (43.1%) with abnormal waist to hip ratio, with 139 females (48.8%) and 53 males (33.1%). In addition, emotional eating score of female students was significantly higher than that of male students(6.85±2.24, 6.11±2.69, t =2.96, P <0.05). Cognitive restricted eating was positively correlated with skeletal muscle mass and musde mass( r=0.13, 0.13, P <0.05). Emotional eating was positively correlated with body fat percentage, body fat and waist hip ratio( r =0.20, 0.20, 0.16, P <0.05). Unrestricted eating was positively correlated with body fat percentage, body fat and waist hip ratio( r =0.15, 0.18, 0.15, P <0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that gender, family residence, physical activity and cognitive eating were associated with skeletal muscle mass and muscle mass of medical students( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#With low skeletal muscle mass, low muscle mass, body fat percentage and waist and hip high ratio, reasonable eating habits combined with resistance exercise should be adopted to improve their physical health.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1245-1248, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the suspected cases of pertussis, to explore the pathogen, and to analyze the clinical features of pertussis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of suspected pertussis cases who visited the Department of Infectious Diseases in the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2015 to May 2019.Results:(1) The PCR test for respiratory secretions of Bacillus pertussis was completed in 400 cases, with 198 cases positive (49.5%). (2) Among the 198 cases, 158 cases with pertussis were less than 1 year old (79.8%), 113 cases had a clear history of close contact with cough patients (57.1%), and 162 cases were not vaccinated or did not complete full diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis(DTP) vaccination (81.8%). The incidence of spasmodic cough was 73.7%(146/198 cases); the duration from onset to diagnosis was (17.2±12.3) d; the incidence of cyanosis after cough was 31.3%(62/198 cases), cough with vomiting 17.7% (35/198 cases), inspiratory croup 12.1%(24/198 cases); other concomitant symptoms included wheezing, runny nose, fever, diarrhea, etc.(3) All the patients were divided into the pertussis group (198 cases), other pathogen group (104 cases), and unknown pathogen group (98 cases). Comparison of the clinical symptoms of the three groups showed the highest incidence of cyanosis after cough in pertussis group ( χ2=15.334, P<0.001), and the highest incidence of wheezing, dyspnea, fever, pulmonary rales and stridor in other pathogen group ( χ2=79.208, 38.214, 16.709, 44.794, 42.480, all P<0.001). The percentages of white blood cells, lymphocytes and platelets in the pertussis group were higher than those in the other two groups ( F=15.812, 18.198, 10.819, all P<0.001). Conclusions:Suspected cases of pertussis are infected with various pathogens.Improving the pertussis nucleic acid detection and respiratory virus detection can help to make a clear diagnosis.Pertussis is more common in infants under 1 year of age and in those who have not completed vaccination.The most prominent clinical symptom is spasmodic cough, and the incidence of cyanosis after cough is higher than that of patients infected with other pathogens.

12.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1042-1050, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942574

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore whether blood and polyp tissue eosinophil numbers are independent risk factors for poor disease control in patients with nasal polyp. Methods: By using the electronic medical records database and manual evaluation, 183 nasal polyp patients who had undergone endoscopic sinus surgery at least one year prior to the study with complete data of tissue specimens, baseline blood routine test, nasal endoscopy and sinus computed tomography, were identified and recruited to assess disease control based on the criteria of a European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2012 (EPOS 2012). Multiple logistic regression model was used to determine the association between blood and tissue eosinophil numbers and risk of poor disease control by adjusting for demographics and comorbidities. Results: We broke down the cohort into 4 groups according to blood (0.3×109/L) and tissue (10%) eosinophils. The patients without eosinophilic inflammation represented the largest group (41.5%). The group with concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia represented the second largest (31.2%), and the patients with isolated tissue (15.3%) or blood (12.0%) eosinophilia were relatively rare. Multiple logistic regression models found blood eosinophil count and tissue eosinophil percentage were independently associated with increased risk for poor disease control after adjustments for covariates related to poor treatment outcome. Furthermore, subjects with concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia had a higher risk for poor disease control than those with isolated blood or tissue eosinophilia. Conclusion: Concordant blood and tissue eosinophilia relates to a higher likelihood of poor disease control than isolated blood or tissue eosinophilia after adjustment of potential confounders in nasal polyp patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Disease , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Nasal Polyps , Rhinitis , Sinusitis
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1227-1234, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941426

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of drug coated balloon (DCB) versus conventional balloon in the treatment of coronary de novo bifurcation lesions. Methods: The databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of science, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), Wanfang database, VIP, China Biology Medicine disc, Chinese clinical trial registry, American clinical trial registry and cardiovascular related websites until September 2020 were retrieved for collecting the randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing DCB versus conventional balloon in the treatment of coronary de novo bifurcation lesions. The risk of bias of included studies was assessed using the Cochrane risk assessment tool. The meta-analysis was performed by using Revman 5.3 and Stata 14.0 software. Results: Seven RCTs with a total of 613 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Among the included studies, 4 articles reached the low risk of bias, and the other 3 articles reached the medium risk of bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the major adverse cardiac events (RR=0.65, 95%CI 0.39-1.08, P=0.10), myocardial infarction (RR=0.68, 95%CI 0.25-1.80, P=0.43), target lesion revascularization (RR=0.94, 95%CI 0.53-1.67, P=0.83) between DCB group and conventional balloon group. Late lumen loss of side branch was less in the DCB group than that in the conventional balloon group (WMD=-0.25, 95%CI -0.41--0.09, P<0.01) and the risk of side branch restenosis was also lower in the DCB group than that in the conventional balloon group (RR=0.47, 95%CI 0.22-0.98, P<0.05). However, subgroup analysis showed that the conclusions of domestic studies and foreign studies on late lumen loss and side branch restenosis were inconsistent. The meta-analysis based on domestic literature showed that the risk of side branch restenosis after DCB treatment was lower compared with conventional balloon group (RR=0.29, 95%CI 0.15-0.57, P<0.05), while this parameter derived from foreign literatures remained unchanged between two groups (P=0.53). The meta-analysis results of domestic literature showed that late lumen loss in DCB group was less than that in conventional balloon group (WMD=-0.32, 95%CI -0.51--0.13, P<0.05), but this phenomenon was not observed in foreign literatures (P=0.30). Conclusions: The use of DCB in the treatment of coronary de novo bifurcation lesions has the potential to reduce the rate of restenosis and late lumen loss of side branch compared with conventional balloon group. However, due to the limitation on quantity, quality and results of published studies, more high-quality and large scale RCTs are still needed to confirm these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Restenosis , Myocardial Infarction , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 81-84, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To further improve the regulation of medical device Introduction for Use (IFU) and improve the quality of medical device Introduction for Use (IFU).@*METHODS@#Summarize domestic regulatory experience and deficiencies through literature research, and introduce the international experience gathered from the IMDRF coordination document Principles of Labelling for Medical Devices and IVD Medical Devices.@*RESULTS@#The IMDRF international coordination document categorizes ten chapters to define and summarize the basic principles that medical device instructions and labels should contain.@*CONCLUSIONS@#According to the current status of medical device specification supervision and drawing on international supervision experience, improvement suggestions are proposed in terms of refining the IFU requires to improve the quality of the instructions, e.g. dynamic adjustment of IFU management requirements, strengthen the management of IFU for home used medical devices, and improving the standardization and rationality of medical device IFU content. We should continue to maintain effective management of medical device IFU.


Subject(s)
Product Labeling
15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 798-804, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE).Methods:The clinical, laboratory and electroencephalogram (EEG) data of eight patients with SSPE who admitted to the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, from May 2014 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed and followed up.Results:Four of the patients were male and four were female, who aged from two years and seven months to 13 years and five months with a median onset age of five years and six months. All of the eight cases had disease onset with progressive mental and physical regression, then developed periodic myoclonic seizures at the course of 11 days to 11 months. Video EEG examinations showed persistent generalized periodic complex waves with long interval (3-20 s). The IgG titers of measles virus in blood and cerebrospinal fluid of all cases were significantly increased. There was no significant abnormality in blood/urine metabolism screening nor head magnetic resonance imaging for the first time. Five cases performed head magnetic resonance imaging again, in which two cases with deepening hemispheric sulcus, two cases with cerebral white matter signal abnormalities. Antiepileptic drugs, gamma globulin, adrenocortical hormone and antiviral drugs were used after diagnosis though all were ineffective. All patients presented progressive deterioration. During the follow-up period of three months to two years and seven months, four patients died, of which three patients died at the time of five months, one year and two months, two years and six months after onset respectively, and the other one was unknown.Conclusions:The diagnostic clues of SSPE are progressive mental and physical regression, recurrent myoclonic seizures during period Ⅱ, as well as the extensive periodic complex waves of EEG. It is necessary to detect measles virus IgG antibody in blood and cerebrospinal fluid to make a definite diagnosis. There is no specific treatment for SSPE and its prognosis is very poor.

16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 97-101, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of gaseous formaldehyde exposure on male Sprague-Dawley rat brain function and synaptic protein expression, as well as the neuroprotective effects of resveratrol.Methods:Eighty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven group with 12 in each group: control group (N), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation low concentration group (FL group), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation medium concentration group (FM group), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation high concentration group (FH group), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation low concentration + resveratrol group (FLR group), gaseous formaldehyde accumulation concentration + resveratrol group (FMR group) and gaseous formaldehyde accumulation high concentration + resveratrol group (FHR group). The animal model of gaseous formaldehyde accumulation was established by gas formaldehyde exposure method.Learning and memory function was tested by Morris water maze. Cortical and hippocampal neurogranin (Ng) protein expression in brain cortex and hippocampus was measured by Western blot.Results:(1) Compared with the escape latency and original platform retention time of rats in group N ((19.75±4.08) s, (43.47±2.43) s), the escape latency of rats in FM and FH groups was prolonged ((25.52±2.98) s, (27.45±2.39) s, t=-4.97, -5.82; both P<0.01), the retention time of the original platform was shortened ((30.99±4.21) s, (18.70±2.58) s, t=10.24, 25.71; both P<0.01). Compared with the corresponding formaldehyde accumulation groups such as the FM and FH groups, the escape latency of the rats in the FMR and FHR groups was significantly longer ((21.37±3.80) s, (24.26±3.56) s, t=1.86, 3.93; both P<0.05), the retention time of the original platform was significantly prolonged ((40.33±3.63)s, (23.46±4.73)s, t=-7.50, -3.95; both P<0.01). (2) Compared with the expression of Ng in cortex and hippocampus of rats in group N ((0.99±0.03), (1.07±0.03)), the expression of Ng protein in cortex and hippocampus of rats in FM and FH groups was significantly reduced((0.62±0.06), (0.39±0.03), (0.77±0.09), (0.46±0.10), t=11.55, 14.08, 11.51, 13.17; all P<0.01). Compared with the corresponding formaldehyde accumulation groups such as the FM and FH groups, the expressions of Ng in the cortex and hippocampus of the rats in the FMR and FHR groups were significantly increased ((0.94±0.11), (0.48±0.04), (0.95±0.05), (0.60±0.09), t=-5.26, -2.09, -5.32, -2.21; all P<0.05). Conclusion:Resveratrol can improve the learning and memory function of rats caused by the accumulation of gaseous formaldehyde.The mechanism may be related with the upregulation of Ng.

17.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E289-E295, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862383

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a comprehensive method combining physical model experiment and numerical simulation for studying airflow state of upper respiratory tract. Methods Based on CT medical images published online, a three-dimensional (3D) model of human upper respiratory tract was reconstructed. Based on 3D printing technology, an experimental model of the upper respiratory tract was established and the flow process of respiration was measured. A numerical simulation model was created based on the meshing of upper respiratory tract model and the turbulent Realizable k-ε model. Results Firstly, the result of numerical simulation was compared with the experimental conditions, and good agreement was achieved. The numerical simulation results showed that the airflow in respiratory process was in a parabolic shape; the distribution of flow field, pressure on wall and vortex structure were different between inspiratory and expiratory phases; there were air residues in the upper and lower nasal passages during the respiratory exchange process. In addition, the effects of airflow on physiological environment of the upper respiratory tract were preliminarily analyzed through the steak line, pressure field and vortex structure distribution. Conclusions The method proposed in this paper has the characteristics of pertinence, rapidity and accuracy, which gives full play to the advantages of reliable physical experiments and fine numerical simulation, and is applicable for studying different problems of the upper respiratory tract in different cases, with a high value for personalized diagnosis and treatment in clinic.

18.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 238-247, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829020

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to explore the protective effect of procyanidin B2 (PCB2) on acute liver injury induced by aflatoxin B (AFB ) in rats.@*Methods@#Forty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, AFB , AFB + PCB2, and PCB2 groups. The latter two groups were administrated PCB2 intragastrically (30 mg/kg body weight) for 7 d, whereas the control and AFB groups were given the same dose of double distilled water intragastrically. On the sixth day of treatment, the AFB and AFB + PCB2 groups were intraperitoneally injected with AFB (2 mg/kg). The control and PCB2 groups were intraperitoneally administered the same dose of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). On the eighth day, all rats were euthanized: serum and liver tissue were isolated for further examination. Hepatic histological features were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections. Weight, organ coefficient (liver, spleen, and kidney), liver function (serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, and direct bilirubin), oxidative index (catalase, glutathione, superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine), inflammation factor [hepatic interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA expression and serum IL-6], and bcl-2/bax ratio were measured.@*Results@#AFB significantly caused hepatic histopathological damage, abnormal liver function, oxidative stress, inflammation, and bcl-2/bax ratio reduction compared with DMSO-treated controls. Our results indicate that PCB2 treatment can partially reverse the adverse liver conditions induced by AFB .@*Conclusion@#Our findings indicate that PCB2 exhibits a protective effect on acute liver injury induced by AFB .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aflatoxin B1 , Toxicity , Biflavonoids , Pharmacology , Catechin , Pharmacology , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Poisons , Toxicity , Proanthocyanidins , Pharmacology , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 123-128, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799312

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genotyping results of childhood-onset myoclonus dystonia syndrome caused by SGCE variants.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 9 children with SGCE-related myoclonus dystonia syndrome admitted at either the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University or the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from May 2018 to October 2019 were collected and the patients were followed up. The definite diagnosis was made on the basis of whole exome sequencing and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification. The clinical features and gene test results were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#Data of 9 patients (4 boys and 5 girls) diagnosed as myoclonus dystonia syndrome caused by SGCE variants were collected. The onset age ranged from 1 year to 3 years and 2 months. The first symptom was myoclonus in 4 cases, while dystonia in the remaining 5 cases. In the course of the disease, 9 cases had myoclonus and 8 had dystonia. Myoclonic jerks were characterized by involuntary jerks in both upper limbs in 8 patients. Six patients had involuntary jerks of lower limbs, resulting in gait instability or even falling. The myoclonus was exacerbated during the fine motor activities, emotional stress or fatigue. Dystonia was characterized by abnormal gait, including 5 cases with right leg dystonia, and 3 cases with the left leg dystonia. Three probands had a positive family history. Intellectual development was normal in all cases. There was no obvious abnormality in video-electroencephalogram (EEG) during both ictal and interictal periods. Electromyography (EMG) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 9 patients were normal. Nine patients carried SGCE gene variants, including 3 frame shift variants, 2 nonsense variants, 2 missense variants, 1 fragment deletion variant and 1 splice site variant. Seven variants were inherited paternally, and 2 variants were de novo. Madopar was used in 8 patients, and nitrazepam in 4 patients, leading to the decrease in the myoclonus jerks and improvement of gait in 6 and 2 patients, respectively.@*Conclusions@#SGCE gene variants can cause myoclonus dystonia syndrome. The onset of the disease may occur at infancy or preschool age, with either myoclonic jerks or dystonia as the initial symptom. Non-epileptic myoclonus is the prominent symptom, with upper limb mainly involved. Most of the patients have the accompanying symptoms of dystonia, and some of them may have spontaneous symptom relief. SGCE gene is imprinted maternally, and the inherited variants of SGCE are paternal in origin.

20.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 935-939, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) and mesh plug repair on the sexual function of patients with indirect inguinal hernia.Methods:One hundred and four patients with indirect inguinal hernia who were treated in the No.922 Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force from January 2018 to October 2019 were selected and divided into two groups according to the method of random number table: routine group and TAPP group, with 52 cases in each group. The routine group was treated with mesh plug repair, and the TAPP group was treated with TAPP. The international erectile function index-5 (IIEF-5) was used to evaluate the sexual function of the patients after operation for 6 months, the visual analog pain scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the pain after operation for 1 month, and the relevant indexes of the operation and the incidence of complications were compared.Results:The IIEF-5 scores at 6 months after operation in two groups was higher than that before operation, the testicular volume and the maximum blood flow velocity of testicular artery in two groups were lower than those before operation, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05); the IIEF-5 scores at 6 months after operation in the TAPP group was higher than that in the routine group [(23.86 ± 1.5) scores vs. (21.45 ± 3.85) scores], and the testicular volume and the maximum blood flow velocity of testicular artery were higher than those in the routine group [(9.65 ± 0.08) cm 3 vs. (9.39 ± 0.09) cm 3, (3.83 ± 1.05) cm/s vs. (2.88 ± 0.36) cm/s], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). One month after operation, the pain scores of two group were lower than that before operation, and the pain scores of TAPP group was lower than that of routine group [(1.65 ± 0.35) scores vs. (2.78 ± 0.39) scores], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The operation time of TAPP group was higher than that of routine group [(44.35 ± 6.26) min vs. (41.80 ± 5.95) min], the bleeding volume, the time of getting out of bed, the time of hospitalization of TAPP group were lower than those of routine group [(54.66 ± 8.98) ml vs. (73.25 ± 15.25) ml, [(12.75 ± 2.42) h vs. (23.55 ± 3.66) h], (3.25 ± 1.01) d vs. (7.85 ± 1.44) d], and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The incidence of operation complications of TAPP group was lower than that of routine group [3.85%(2/52) vs. 21.15%(11/52)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=7.121, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with conventional hernia repair, laparoscopic hernia repair can improve the sexual function, relieve the pain, improve the therapeutic effect and reduce the complications.

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