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1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 113-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015249

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between serum adiponectin levels and body composition of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women in central and western Gansu province, and explore the influencing factors of adiponectin levels. Methods The body weight, body mass index(BMI), waist-to-hip, fat mass, percentage of body fat, visceral fat mass and muscle mass of 638 women(317 in perimenopausal period and 321 in postmenopausal period) in central and western Gansu were measured by bioelectrical impedance analyzer. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)was used to measure serum adiponectin levels. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple liner regression were used to investigate the relationship between adiponectin levels and body composition. Results The body muscle mass of women living in central and western Gansu province showed a downward trend after menopause period compared to those who were in perimenopause. The waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, percentage of body fat, visceral fat mass of postmenopauseal women showed an increasing trend compared to perimenopausal. There were no significant differences in BMI, fat mass and serum adiponectin levels. Overall, serum adiponectin levels were positively correlated with body fat percentage and visceral fat mass, and negatively correlated with muscle mass, and the main influencing factors of serum adiponectin levels were visceral fat mass. Conclusion The main influencing factors of serum adiponectin levels in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women living in central and western Gansu province are the visceral fat mass.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 19-28, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014694

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effect of Qingdaipowder Gel (QDPG) on mice specific dermatitis (AD) model and the antibacterial effect of the ethanol extract of Qingdaipowder. METHODS: AD model of mice was established by repeated skin induction with 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). Fifty-six mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, Hydrocortisone Butyrate Cream group (Hyd, 1.5 mg/cm

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 736-742, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014624

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the molecular mechanism of lncRNA HOTAIR regulating miR-206 on the proliferation and apoptosis of rheumatoid arthritis synovial cells. METHODS: The synovial tissue from 30 cases of rheumatoid arthritis were collected. Rheumatoid arthritis synovial cells MH7A were cultured. The experiment was divided into si-NC group, si-HOTAIR group, miR-NC group, miR-206 mimic group, si-HOTAIR+NC inhibitor group, si-HOTAIR+miR-206 inhibitor group. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of HOTAIR and miR-206 in cells. CCK-8 method to detect cell proliferation; flow cytometry to detect cell apoptosis; Western blot to detect cell protein expression of CyclinD1, p21, Bax and Bcl-2; dual luciferase reporter assay to detect HOTAIR and miR-206 targets To combination relationship. RESULTS: Compared with the healthy control group, the expression level of HOTAIR in patients with rheumatoid arthritis was significantly up-regulated, and the expression level of miR-206 was significantly down-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with the si-NC group, the HOTAIR expression level in the si-HOTAIR group was significantly down-regulated, the cell survival rate were significantly down-regulated, and the apoptosis rate were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with the miR-NC group, the expression level of miR-206 in the miR-206 mimic group was significantly up-regulated, the cell survival rate were significantly down-regulated, and the apoptosis rate were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with the si-HOTAIR + NC inhibitor group, the cell survival rate in the si-HOTAIR+ miR-206 inhibitor group were significantly up-regulated, and the apoptosis rate were significantly decrease (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Inhibiting the expression of HOTAIR and up-regulating the expression of miR-206 can reduce the proliferation of rheumatoid arthritis synovial cells and promote apoptosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 156-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995848

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to reduce the transactional burden of scientific researchers and ensure the researchers concentrate on their scientific research, the hospital implemented the whole-process management and optimization of the scientific research approval process based on the DingTalk platform to improve the efficiency of scientific research.Methods:We sorted out the list of routine work in the implementation of scientific research projects and analyzed the key points affecting the efficiency of scientific research management, specifically the processes of reimbursement of scientific research funds, budget adjustment, paper submission approval, and research drug application, then we developed corresponding modules on the DingTalk platform.Results:In 2021, the hospital approved 3 214 scientific research funding reimbursements, including 1 917 approvals below 5 000 yuan, with a median approval time of 19 (5~28) hours, 1 297 approvals above 5 000 yuan, with a median approval time of 26 (10~50) hours. In addition, 17 budget adjustments, 456 paper submissions, and 31 research drug applications were approved on the DingTalk platform, resulting in a smooth overall approval process, saving the time costs of medical staff and improving work efficiency.Conclusions:The scientific research approval management based on this platform realizes the concept of refined management, which can meet the needs of the normalization of epidemic prevention and control and effectively promote the high-quality development of hospital scientific research management.

5.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 6-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986672

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of thyroid cancer has increased significantly. Most of the cases are differentiated thyroid cancer, which is characterized by a good prognosis. However, 15% of patients still have persistent or recurrent disease after initial treatment, and those with locally advanced or metastatic cancer are not cured with established treatments and at risk of death. The treatment of advanced thyroid cancer is still controversial at home and abroad, but it tends to targeted therapy and immunotherapy. With the in-depth understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of thyroid cancer, a variety of new targeted therapies have been approved for advanced thyroid cancer. The 2021 guidelines of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO) and the 2022 guidelines of the European Society of Oncology (ESMO) regard targeted therapy as a level I recommendation for the treatment of advanced thyroid cancer. This article reviews the new progress in clinical treatment of advanced thyroid carcinoma.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 256-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960947

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the changes of serum homocysteine(Hcy), vitamin B12(VitB12)and folic acid in the serum of patients with diabetic retinopathy(DR), and to explore their significance in the occurrence and development of DR.METHODS: A case-control study was designed. A total of 95 patients with DR(DR group), 94 patients with diabetes mellitus(DM group)treated in endgcrinology department and 87 patients with age-related cataract(normal control group)from the ophthalmology department of Shenzhen People's Hospital between July 2021 and January 2022 were selected. Fasting venous blood was collected and serum was separated. The concentration of Hcy in serum was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and chemiluminescence immunoassay was used to detect the concentration of VitB12 and folic acid. Pearson linear correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between Hcy and clinical parameters. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the main factors which affect Hcy level. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve was designed to analyze the diagnostic value of serum Hcy, VitB12 and folic acid in DR.RESULTS: The concentration of serum Hcy in DR group was 16.52±3.54 μmol/L, which was significantly higher than that in DM group(10.86±3.47 μmol/L)and control group(6.84±1.39 μmol/L; all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); The concentration of VitB12 in the serum of the control group was 501.79±108.95 pmol/L, which was higher than that in DM group(478.57±57.85 pmol/L)and DR group(455.88±181.49 pmol/L), but the difference was not statistically significant(P=0.054); The concentration of folic acid in serum of control group was 10.31±2.43 nmol/L, which was higher than that of DM group(9.94±1.90 nmol/L)and DR group(7.27±2.79 nmol/L), and the difference between DR group and DM group was statistically significant(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05); In DR group, Hcy expression was weakly positively correlated with triglyceride and low density lipoprotein(r=0.208, P=0.043; r=0.240, P=0.019). Multivariate linear regression showed that low density lipoprotein was an important factor which affect the expression of Hcy in DR patients. ROC curve shows that Hcy has important value in the diagnosis of DR.CONCLUSIONS: Hcy, VitB12 and folic acid are differentially expressed in DR group, DM group and normal control group. Hcy may be involved in the pathogenesis of DR, and it has important value in the diagnosis of DR. In addition, low density lipoprotein is also an important factor which affects the expression of Hcy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 652-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014831

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the distribution of CYP2C9∗3 and VKORC1-1639G>A gene polymorphism in Han population in Anhui province and their influence on the stable dose of warfarin. METHODS: The blood samples of 1 169 patients from 6 tertiary general hospitals in 5 areas of Anhui province from January 2020 to December 2021 were selected, the genotype of CYP2C9∗3 and VKORC1-1639G>A was detected by fluorescent staining in situ hybridization technique. RESULTS: The distribution of CYP2C9∗3 genotypes in 1 169 patients: the frequencies of AA, AC and CC genes were 90.16%, 9.24% and 0.60%, respectively; The distribution of VKORC1 genotype: the frequencies of AA, AG and GG genes were 84.26%, 14.71% and 1.03% respectively; There was no significant difference between the two genotypes in gender, age and regional distribution (P>0.05). The average daily warfarin dose of CYP2C9∗3 AA genotype in 755 patients with stable warfarin dose was (3.02±0.59) mg/d, which was significantly higher than patients with AC genotype and CC genotype; The average daily warfarin dose of patients with VKORC1-1639AA genotype was (2.72±0.40) mg/d, which was significantly lower than that of patients with AG genotype and GG genotype (P<0.05). And the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); There are significant differences in gender, age and clinical diagnosis between patients with stable dose of warfarin and those without stable dose (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genotypes are associated with the stable dose of warfarin. Clinical anticoagulation therapy guided by CYP2C9 and VKORC1 genotypes can provide guidance for individualized medication of warfarin.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 145-151, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for the determination of artemisinin and arteannuin B in different <italic>Artemisia annua</italic> germplasms, compare the differences of the two compounds among different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasm under the condition of hydroponic homogenization and explore the key factors affecting contents of principal compounds in different<italic> A. annua</italic> germplasms. Method:Seedlings from different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasms were arranged randomly and fed in a hydroponic cultivation system. Contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B were detected by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) with multi-reaction monitoring mode and ACQUITY UPLC<sup>®</sup> BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase was water-acetonitrile (95∶5, containing 0.1% formic acid, A) and acetonitrile-water (95∶5, containing 0.1% formic acid, B) for gradient elution (0-3.5 min, 25%-1%A; 3.5-3.6 min, 1%-25%A; 3.6-5.0 min, 25%A), the flow rate was set at 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The content differences of artemisinin and arteannuin B in different provenances of <italic>A. annua</italic> were detected and analyzed statistically. Result:The established method had high sensitivity and good separation. A significant difference of artemisinin and arteannuin B contents was observed in different germplasms under the same culture conditions, that is, under the constant temperature of 25 ℃ in hydroponics. The provenance with higher artemisinin content was Yunnan, and the content was 3 810.597 μg·g<sup>-1</sup>. The highest strain of arteannuin B was Shanxi provenance germplasm with the content of 1 691.747 μg·g<sup>-1</sup>. According to the content of artemisinin, the provenances were arranged as follows:Yunnan, Hainan, Hubei, Guangxi, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Beijing, Shandong, Heilongjiang, and Gansu province germplasms. Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant negative correlation between artemisinin content and latitude of <italic>A. annua</italic>, but there was no significant correlation between contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B and longitude. Conclusion:The contents of artemisinin and arteannuin B among different <italic>A. annua</italic> germplasms were significantly different under the same culture environment, and the dominant factors affecting biosynthesis and accumulation of artemisinin and arteannuin B in <italic>A. annua</italic> may be the genetic background, suggesting that germplasm improvement is the key factor to improve the medicinal quality of <italic>A. annua</italic> in subsequent cultivation.

9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 167-176, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Metabolic syndrome is a complex medical condition that has become an alarming epidemic, but an effective therapy for this disease is still lacking. The use of the herbal formula Huangqisan (HQS) to treat diabetes is documented in the Chinese medical literature as early as 1117 A.D.; however, its therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms remain elusive.@*METHODS@#To investigate the beneficial effects of HQS on metabolic disorders, high-fat diet-induced obesity (DIO), leptin receptor dysfunction (db/db) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-knockout (LDLR@*RESULTS@#HQS lowered body weight, fasting blood glucose and serum lipid levels and improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in DIO mice and db/db mice (P < 0.05). HQS also blocked atherosclerotic plaque formation in LDLR@*CONCLUSION@#HQS is effective for reversing metabolic disorder and has the potential to be used as therapy for metabolic syndrome.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 841-848, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886519

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To prepare platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ)-targeted near-infrared molecular probe and evaluate its potential in optical molecular imaging of lung cancer. Methods    PDGFRβ-specific affibody Z-tri was recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) and purified using affinity chromatography. In vitro cell-binding of Z-tri was analyzed by flow cytometry. Cellular distribution of Z-tri in tumor grafts was determined by protein-tracing. The molecular probe CF750-Z-tri was prepared by conjugating near-infrared fluorescent dye CF750 to Z-tri. The optical images of xenografts of lung cancer were obtained by using CF750-Z-tri combined with optical imaging system. Results    PDGFRβ-specific affibody Z-tri was highly expressed in E. coli and purified to homogeneity. Z-tri could bind PDGFRβ-positive cells but not PDGFRβ-negative cells cultured in vitro. In the tumor xenografts of human lung cancer, intravenously injected Z-tri was predominantly distributed on cells overexpressing PDGFRβ. The near infrared fluorescent dye CF750 was efficiently conjugated to Z-tri. Optical images with high contrast of lung cancer xenografts were produced by using the near-infrared fluorescent probe CF750-Z-tri combined with optical imaging system. Conclusion    The near-infrared fluorescent probe CF750-Z-tri can be used for optical imaging of human lung cancer, which takes great potential in optical imaging-guided surgery of lung cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 367-370, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912628

ABSTRACT

Objective:The construction of public medical group is an important strategic measure to deepen the health reform in China. Taking Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital as an example, the article introduces the measures, achievements, existing problems and possible development direction of the discipline co-construction in the entrusted district hospital.Methods:The article analyzes the measures of discipline co-construction and its implementation effect in detail.Results:It has effectively promoted the reasonable allocation of resources between " well-developed leading disciplines" and " disciplines to be nurtured" in the medical group, these disciplines entering a new rapid development phase through optimized organization and management, system construction, new research platform construction.Conclusions:" Disciplines to be nurtured" has been improved in medical service, scientific research capabilities, talent training, academic inheritance and quality of scientific research achievements, based on which, the goal of promoting the development of medical group through discipline co-construction was achieved.

12.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 369-372, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882080

ABSTRACT

Objective to analyze the differences and changes before and after the introduction of supply processing distribution (SPD) supply chain management mode in a public hospital, analyze the typical problems existing in the clinical practice and development of SPD mode, and explore the countermeasures to improve the SPD supply chain management. Methods the changes of 20 management functions before and after the introduction of SPD supply chain management mode were compared. The advantages and disadvantages of SPD management mode were analyzed. The improvement measures and countermeasures were proposed. Results among the 20 management functions, 11 of them were reduced, 5 of them were equal, and 4 of them were increased. The overall efficiency of hospital management was improved. Because the external medicine supplier has not been included in the hospital rules, regulations system and process. The role positioning was not clear. There were defects in institutional and continuous guarantee. Conclusion SPD supply chain management mode can be improved and innovated to promote the supply channel reform of drugs and medical consumables, and improve the fine management level of drugs and medical consumables.

13.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 746-750, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942513

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the gadolinium imaging findings of inner ear in patients with sudden deafness and to analyze its clinical features. Methods: From November 2017 to July 2020, 21 patients with sudden deafness in the People's Hospital of Dongsheng District, Ordos City were selected as the research objects, including 14 males and 7 females, aged 36-76 years, with a median age of 50 years. The course of disease was 1-19 days, with an average of 5.5 days. The patients received audiology tests, laboratory examination, and intravenous gadolinium angiography, each of whom was scanned twice by 3D-FLAIR sequence: once before intravenous gadolinium injection, and once again 4.5-6.0 h after intravenous gadolinium injection. The following corresponding clinical treatment was given. The imaging manifestations and clinical features were observed. Results: Among 21 cases of sudden deafness in acute stage, the signal intensity of 11 cases was significantly higher than that of the contralateral ear, and 2 cases had vestibular labyrinthine hydrops. In laboratory examination, only 2 cases of total deafness had increased WBC count and faster erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and the rest had no abnormality. The hearing types of 21 patients with sudden deafness were: total deafness in 8 cases, flat decline in 10 cases, low frequency decline in 1 case, high frequency decline in 2 cases. The total effective rate was 57% (12/21). The hearing types of 11 patients with abnormal gadolinium angiography were total deafness in 5 cases, flat decline in 5 cases and high frequency decline in 1 case. The total effective rate was 64% (7/11). Conclusion: Gadolinium angiography is abnormal in some patients with sudden deafness, and the permeability of blood labyrinth barrier may be increased, which is worthy of further study.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiography , Deafness , Gadolinium , Hearing Loss, Sudden/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Vestibule, Labyrinth
14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 133-137, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942399

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the influencing factors of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) repair capacity and relationship with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Methods: A total of 140 patients with thyroid diseases admitted to the Henan Cancer Hospital from January 2020 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 26 males and 114 females, aged from 18 to 78 years old. According to the pathological results, the patients were divided into DTC group (90 cases) and control group or benign thyroid nodules (BTN) group (50 cases). The DSB repair ability of peripheral blood T lymphocytes was measured by flow cytometry. The data of two groups were compared by Wilcoxon rank sum test to evaluate the relationship between DSB repair ability and the risk of DTC. According to the median repair ability of DSB in BTN group, the repair ability of DSB was divided into high and low categories, and the factors influencing the repair ability of DSB were analyzed by Logistic regression method. SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results: The DSB repair capacity was 27.87% in DTC group and 36.75% in BTN group, with significant difference (Z=-3.999,P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis suggested that patients with thyroid cancer had lower DSB repair capacity than patients without cancer (OR=2.245; 95%CI: 1.067-4.725; P=0.033), and patients with a history of radiation exposure had a reduced DSB repair capacity (OR=2.698; 95%CI: 1.271-5.725, P=0.010). Conclusion: The risk of DTC increases in patients with low DSB repair capacity. Radiation exposure is a risk factor for the reduction of DSB repair capacity.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3655-3664, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922432

ABSTRACT

Tyrosine-decahydrofluorene derivatives feature a fused [6.5.6] tricarbocyclic core and a 13-membered

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1797-1801, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the treatment outcome and prognosis of the newly-treated myc@*METHODS@#152 double-expression lymphoma patients (myc@*RESULTS@#The median age of 152 DEL patients was 60.5 years old (15-87 years old). 85 patients (55.9%) were Ann Arbor stage III/IV. There was no significant difference in clinical data between the patients in the two groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that bcl-6 expression, ECOG score, and stage were the independent prognostic factors for the entire group of DEL patients. There was no statistical difference in ORR between the patients in the two groups (χ2=0.749, P=0.387). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that PFS and OS of the bcl-6@*CONCLUSION@#bcl-6


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisolone , Prognosis , Vincristine/therapeutic use
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 169-177, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of Sinisan in treating type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) based on network pharmacology. Method:Based on electronic databases, active ingredients of Sinisan and target genes of ingredients as well as type 2 diabetes were screened out. Cytoscape software was applied to construct "herb-active ingredient-target-disease" interaction network diagram,respectively. The common genes of ingredients and disease were uploaded to the STRING database, and the protein interaction network map (PPI) was constructed. CytoNCA and Cluster Marker were used to analyze PPI,respectively. Finally,ClueGO was used to analyze gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment. Result:A total of 137 active components and 110 effective genes of Sinisan in the treatment of type 2 diabetes were screened out. Based on PPI analysis,these effective genes were divided into 4 different clusters, and 12 genes were considered as the most effective targets. GO enrichment analysis showed that cluster 1 mainly involved acute inflammatory response and acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway, cluster 2 mainly involved cellular response to steroid hormone stimulu and xenobiotic stimulus,and cluster 3 was mainly engaged in the metabolism process of protein,fatty and glucose and the response to hypoxia. KEGG analysis was highly correlated with advanced glycation end products-receptor for AGE (AGE-RAGE) pathway,apoptosis pathway,inflammatory pathway,cell cycles and various metabolic pathways. Conclusion:Sinisan has a regulatory effect in pathogenesis and prognosis of T2DM,such as inflammation,cell apoptosis and nutrition metabolism. Moreover,its potential mechanisms on diabetic angiopathies,diabetic cognitive impairment and cancers were reveal,so as to define a direction for the fundamental research of Sinisan.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 603-608, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869715

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical experience of transurethral columnar balloon dilation of prostate (TUCBDP) in the treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH).Methods:A retrospective analysis of 379 BPH clinical data from the Hubei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine using TUCBDP was performed between June 2015 and June 2018.Their age was (71.3±14.5)years old. The history of disease ranged from 1 month to 36 years. The prostate volume was(47.4±2.1) ml. Preoperative maximum urinary flow rate was (Q max)(9±4) ml/s, postvoid residual urine(PVR) was (123.1±72.4) ml. Their international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was (21±6) points. The quality of life score (QOL)was (5±1) points. The international index erectile function questionnaire (IIEF-5)in 32 patients, who had sex before surgery, was 15±4. We set the time of catheter structure improvement in June 2016 as the boundary, including the early stage (June 2015 to May 2016, 121 cases) and the recent stage (June 2016 to June 2018, 258 patients). In the early stage, the principle of operation is the inner balloon of the catheter to dilate the membrane urethra, and the outer balloon to dilate the urethra of the prostate and the bladder neck. The main surgical steps include the insertion of a dilatation catheter, localization by touching the skin of the scrotum bottom, the inner and outer balloon are filled with water, the first time of drainage and decompression in the inner and outer balloon, the catheter continuous irrigation, drainage and decompression of the inner and outer balloon again, removing the dilatation catheter, and the ordinary urinary catheter was replaced and continuous irrigation. In the recent stage, the principle of surgery is that the inner balloon only served for positioning and fixation. The outer balloon is used to dilate the membrane urethra, prostate urethra, and bladder neck. The inner and outer balloon are drained and decompressed at one time after surgery. The main surgical steps are that the resectoscope was used to examine the bladder and urethra and to guide the dilatation catheter into the bladder. The apex of the prostate touching was used to conform the location. The inner balloon water filling was used for fix the positioning. The inner and outer balloon are filled with water, decompressed and pulled out for urination test, the gland expansion is observed under the resectoscope, and ordinary urinary catheter is replaced for continuous flushing. We observed the changes in Q max, PVR, IPSS, and QOL at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the operation. the complications differences in two-stage patien, including the International Incontinence Advisory Committee Urinary Incontinence Questionnaire (ICI-Q-SF) score; those who had sex before surgery were recorded changes in the IIEF-5 score, was compared. Results:There were no deaths during and after operation in this study. The operation time was (18.5±6.7) min. The number of follow-up cases at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after operation were 326, 253, 201, 194, and 181, respectively. The Q max at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after operation were (17±9)ml/s, (15±2)ml/s, (12±4)ml/s, (13±6)ml/s and (13±4)ml/s, respectively. The PVR were (17.4± 11.6) ml, (20.6±9.8)ml, (25.4±13.1)ml, (31.5±11.5)ml, and (29.1±12.4)ml, respectively. The IPSS were(7±5) points, (4±4) points, (4±4) points, (6±5) points, (4±4) points, respectively. The QOL were (2±1) points, (2±1) points, (2±1) points, (2±1) points, and (2±1), respectively. All those results that were significantly different from those before surgery ( P<0.05). There were 32 patients who had sex before the operation. The postoperative IIEF-5 score was (17± 6), which was not significantly different from that before the operation ( P>0.05). Two patients had transient retrograde ejaculation, which relieved spontaneously within the 6 month. 4 cases with pseudourinary incontinence in the recent stage (1.5%) were not statistically different from 6 cases (4.9%) in the early stage ( P>0.05). one case(0.4%) of major bleeding in the recent stage was statistically different from 6 cases (4.9%) in the early stage ( P<0.05). 2 cases (0.7%) of patients with acute urinary retention in the recent stage were significantly different from 15 cases (12.4%) in the early stage ( P<0.05). Conclusions:TUCBDP has a positive overall effect and high safety. The major complications of surgery in the recent stage, except for pseudo-urinary incontinence, are significantly lower than that in the early stage, which may be related to the improvement of the catheter structure and the accumulation of clinical experience.

19.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 537-541, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829585

ABSTRACT

Protein kinase A (PKA) is an important intracellular substance that regulates substance metabolism and biological functions, which exerts a wide range of biological effects through phosphorylation of specific serine/threonine residues in specific proteins. PKA plays an important role in the cAMP signaling pathway, and is involved in various life activities of parasites. Therefore, investigating the role of PKA in the life activities of parasites may provide insights into the development of novel anti-parasitic targets. The review mainly describes the structure and function of PKA and its role in life activities of parasites.

20.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 618-619, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828779

ABSTRACT

In the original publication the bands in Fig. 1J and Fig. 2B were not visible. The correct versions of Fig. 1J and Fig. 2B are provided in this correction.

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