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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 478-482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genetic etiology of a Chinese pedigree affected with short stature.@*METHODS@#A child with familial short stature (FSS) who had presented at the Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital in July 2020 and his parents and paternal and maternal grandparents were selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the pedigree was collected, and the proband was subjected to routine growth and development assessment. Peripheral blood samples were collected. The proband was subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES), and the proband, his parents and grandparents were subjected to chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).@*RESULTS@#The height of the proband and his father was 87.7cm (-3 s) and 152 cm (-3.39 s) respectively. Both of them were found to harbor a 15q25.3-q26.1 microdeletion, which has encompassed the whole of the ACAN gene which is closely associated with short stature. The CMA results of his mother and grandparents were all negative, and above deletion has not been included in population database and related literature, and was rated as pathogenic based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG). After 14 months of rhGH treatment, the height of the proband has increased to 98.5 cm (-2.07 s).@*CONCLUSION@#The 15q25.3-q26.1 microdeletion probably underlay the FSS, in this pedigree. Short-term rhGH treatment can effectively improve the height of the affected individuals.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Aggrecans/genetics , Dwarfism/genetics , East Asian People , Mutation , Pedigree
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1264-1268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978616

ABSTRACT

AIM: To examine the effects of salidroside on choroidal thickness, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α), dopamine(DA)and its D1 receptor expression in guinea pigs with lens-induced myopia(LIM).METHODS: A total of 18 two-week-old guinea pigs were randomly divided into the normal control(NC)group, the LIM group, and the LIM + salidroside(LIM+SA)group, with 6 guinea pigs in each group. The guinea pigs in the NC group were fed normally and intragastrically administered with 2 mL/d saline; those in the LIM group wore a -5D lens in front of their right eyes to establish a myopia model, then they were intragastrically administered with 2 mL/d saline. Finally, those in the LIM+SA group wore glasses along with intragastric administration of 2 mL/d salidroside at a dose of 100 mg/kg. The refraction, axial length, and choroidal thickness of guinea pigs in each group were measured 4wk following the establishment of the model. In addition, the relative mRNA expression and protein content of HIF-1α in the choroid and retina of guinea pigs in each group were detected by real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR)and immunohistochemistry(IHC). Finally, the DA concentration and its D1 receptor expression were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)and Western blot.RESULTS: At 4wk after model establishment, guinea pigs of LIM group and LIM+SA group exhibited increased negative refraction of the right eye, prolonged axial length, and decreased choroidal thickness compared to the NC group. The relative mRNA expression and protein content of HIF-1α in the choroid and retina of the guinea pigs increased. The concentration of DA and the expression of its D1 receptor both decreased. Moreover, compared to the LIM group, the diopter of the right eye of guinea pigs in LIM+SA group significantly reduced, the axial length was shorter, the thickness of choroid increased, the relative mRNA expression and protein content of HIF-1α in the choroid and retina decreased and the concentration of DA and the expression of its D1 receptor both increased.CONCLUSION: Salidroside can delay myopia progression in myopic guinea pigs by affecting choroidal thickness and the expression of HIF-1α, DA and its D1 receptor.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 723-727, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct three image recognition models of manikin′s glottis using visual laryngoscopy based on deep-learning algorithm.Methods:The tracheal intubation manikin′s epiglottis was visualized using a videolaryngoscope, and then epiglottis was elevated to expose the glottis and acquire glottic images. A total of 149 images were obtained from various angles and orientations and randomly divided into training set and test set, and the annotation of image data was completed. Three glottal image recognition models of CenterNet, YOLOv3 and YOLOv4 were developed. The training set was used to complete the training of the models, and finally the test set was used to evaluate the model performance.Results:CenterNet, YOLOv3 and YOLOv4 three models were successfully constructed, the mean average precision of CenterNet, YOLOv3 and YOLOv4 was 92.33%, 89.52% and 89.02% respectively, the recall rates were 87.50%, 90.00% and 90.00% respectively, the precision rates reached 97.22%, 94.74% and 94.74% respectively, and the accuracy rates were 90.91%, 85.11% and 88.89% respectively. All three algorithms demonstrated an identical F1 score of 91.00%.Conclusions:The CenterNet, YOLOv3 and YOLOv4 models are successfully constructed, and three recognition models can accurately identify the glottis in the image, with the CenterNet model demonstrating the highest recognition precision.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 493-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of hyperthermia on the apoptosis and the expression levels of cysteine-containing aspartate-specific protease-3 (Caspase-3) and phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT) in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma cells.Methods:A prospective study was conducted on 30 patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma who were treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October, 2021 to October, 2022. Three times of hyperthermia were performed with a time interval of 24 h. The tumor tissue samples were collected from 30 patients before and after hyperthermia and divided into before hyperthermia group (group A ) and after hyperthermia group (group B). Self-control study mode was adopted for comrparative analysis. The cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL assay. The expression levels of Caspase-3 and p-AKT in the tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. Positive cell ratio and immunohistochemistry (IHC) score were recorded. Comparison between two groups was performed by paired t-test. The correlation between the degree of apoptosis and the changes of Caspase-3 and p-AKT molecules was assessed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results:No evident adverse reactions were observed in 30 patients after hyperthermia. The apoptosis index of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma cells in group A was 2.37%±1.33%, and 4.27%±3.93% in group B ( P=0.006). In group A, the ratio of Caspase-3 positive cells in tumor tissues was 62.31%±19.49% and 80.79%±17.15% in group B ( P=0.001). The ratio of p-AKT positive cells in group A was 31.26%±19.30%, and 26.26%±15.86% in group B ( P=0.023). There was a positive correlation between the degree of apoptosis and the changes of Caspase-3 molecule ( r=0.544, P=0.002), but a negative correlation was noted between the degree of apoptosis and the changes of p-AKT molecule ( r=-0.434, P=0.017). Conclusion:Hyperthermia can promote the apoptosis of tumor cells in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, which may be related to Caspase-3 dependent apoptosis, and the inhibition of AKT phosphorylation is also involved in this process.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 184-188, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical efficiency of paclitaxel drug coated balloon (DCB) in femoral popliteal artery disease.Methods:Retrospective analysis was made on 125 patients (141 limbs) admitted from Jun 2016 to Jul 2019 for femoral popliteal disease treated with DCB.Results:Median follow-up time was 19 months. The average lesion length was (138±78) mm, with an overall cumulative primary patency rate of 81.4% and 60.8% at 12 and 24 months postoperatively and f-TLR rates of 90.1% and 83.0%, respectively. In a total of 109 primary lesions, subgroup analysis showed that among the TASC C/D primary lesions, the primary patency rate was significantly lower in those with combined severe calcification and the f-TLR rate in those with popliteal involved lesions. TASC grade C/D lesions, severe calcified lesions were independent risk factors for patency, while hypertension was an independent protective factor.In-stent restenosis (ISR) target lesions involving the popliteal segment had a significantly worse prognosis than ISR of the superficial femoral artery.Conclusion:DCB in the treatment of lower femoral popliteal artery lesions can achieve a satisfactory medium-term patency outcome, while the efficacy for complex lesions still needs further improvement.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 452-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923150

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current situation and related factors of facial trauma in school age children in urban areas of Fuyang, and to provide basis for child facial trauma prevention.@*Methods@#By cluster stratified random sampling method, a questionnaire survey was conducted among parents of school age children aged 3-6 in four kindergartens in Fuyang City. A total of 1 062 valid questionnaires were included.@*Results@#A total of 146 (13.7%) children with facial trauma were included. The ratio of boys to girls was 1.84∶1.In primary and secondary classes in kindergarten, the reporting rate of boys (24.5%,16.4%) was higher than that of girls (13.4%, 9.0%), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=6.66, 4.25, P <0.05).The incidence of facial trauma was highest (19.4%) in junior kindergarten class children, which decreased with age. Falls injury(61.6%) was the leading cause of facial trauma. Most of facial trauma occurred in family (55.5%) and kindergarten (26.0%). Forehead (26.0%) and mandible (21.2%) were the main injured body sites. Skin laceration (81.5%) was the main type of injury. Facial trauma mostly occurred at 11:00-13:00(19.9%) and 17:00-19:00(27.4%), during June to August (39.7%). The results of univariate analysis showed that the facial trauma of preschool children was associated with gender, class, parentrated child temperament, parental education and family type( χ 2=14.51,18.84,39.66,6.56,12.31, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Facial trauma in preschool children in Fuyang is common, which varies in gender, class, temperament and family type.

7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 117-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935588

ABSTRACT

Aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) refers to the stenosis and occlusion of the distal abdominal aorta and(or) bifurcation of the aortoiliac artery,which is mainly caused by atherosclerosis,leading to pelvic and lower limb ischemia.Open surgery has always been the main treatment for complex AIOD.However,in recent years,with the development of endovascular surgery technologies and medical instruments,its treatment concept has been greatly changed.More and more clinical evidence has proved that the long-term efficacy of endovascular therapy is not inferior to that of traditional open surgery,so minimally invasive endovascular therapy has become the preferred treatment for AIOD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/surgery , Atherosclerosis , Endovascular Procedures , Iliac Artery/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 18-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940415

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Anmeidan (AMD) on the learning and memory ability of sleep-deprived rats and the mechanism. MethodA total of 50 SD rats were randomized into control group, model group, low-dose AMD group (4.55 g·kg-1·d-1), high-dose AMD group (18.18 g·kg-1·d-1), and estazolam group (0.09 mg·kg-1·d-1). Insomnia was induced in rats with the self-made sleep deprivation box (21 days). The learning and memory ability of rats was measured by Morris water maze. Immunofluorescence method was employed to detect the number of cells expressing N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in hippocampus of rats, real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) to determine the mRNA expression of hippocampal NDRG2, glial glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1), and GluNR2A and GluNR2B N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits, and Western blot to examine the protein expression of NDRG2 and GLT-1 in hippocampus. ResultCompared with control group, the model group showed increase in the latency to reach the platform and total swimming distance, significant decrease in the total distance moved in the target quadrant, time in target quadrant, and times of crossing the platform (P<0.01), rise in the number of cells expressing NDRG2 and GFAP in the hippocampal CA1 region (P<0.01) and the mRNA level of NDRG2 and GluNR2B, reduction in the mRNA level of GLT-1 and GluNR2A, elevation in NDRG2 protein expression (P<0.01), and decrease in GLT-1 protein expression (P<0.01). In contrast to the model group, low-dose and high-dose AMD improved the learning and memory levels of sleep-deprived rats (P<0.01), reduced the number of cells expressing NDRG2 and GFAP (P<0.01), significantly decreased the mRNA expression of NDRG2 and GluNR2B, increased the mRNA expression of GLT-1 and GluNR2A, reduced NDRG2 protein level (P<0.05, P<0.01), and raised GLT-1 protein level (P<0.01). ConclusionAMD can improve the learning and memory ability of sleep-deprived rats. The mechanism is the likelihood that it regulates astrocyte activity, thereby affecting the neurotransmitter level and synaptic plasticity in the brain.

9.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 774-782, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991103

ABSTRACT

Biopharmaceuticals are formulated using a variety of excipients to maintain their storage stability.However,some excipients are prone to degradation during repeated use and/or improper storage,and the impurities generated by their degradation are easily overlooked by end users and are usually not strictly monitored,affecting the stability of biopharmaceuticals.In this study,we evaluated the degra-dation profile of polyol excipient glycerol during repeated use and improper storage and identified an unprecedented cyclic ketal impurity using gas chromatography with mass spectrometry(GC-MS).The other polyol excipient,mannitol,was much more stable than glycerol.The effects of degraded glycerol and mannitol on the stability of the model biopharmaceutical pentapeptide,thymopentin,were also evaluated.The thymopentin content was only 66.4%in the thymopentin formulations with degraded glycerol,compared to 95.8%in other formulations after the stress test.Most glycerol impurities(i.e.,aldehydes and ketones)reacted with thymopentin,affecting the stability of thymopentin formulations.In conclusion,this work suggests that more attention should be paid to the quality changes of excipients during repeated use and storage.Additional testing of excipient stability under real or accelerated conditions by manufacturers would help avoid unexpected and painful results.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 799-804, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004167

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the appropriate optimal capacity and matching probability of the platelet donor database with known HLA/HPA genotype in Shaanxi aera, and provide data support for subsequent construction, maintenance and application of the local platelet donor database. 【Methods】 A total of 11 755 individuals from the Shaanxi Branch of China Marrow Donor Program, 401 and 249 unrelated random platelet donors in Shaanxi aera were enrolled to the population study of HLA-A, -B polymorphisms, HPA genotyping and CD36 antigen expression, respectively. The frequencies of HLA-A, -B alleles, HPA alleles and haplotypes were calculated with Arlequin 3. 5. 2. 2 software; matching probability and capacity evaluation of platelet donor database was conducted according to the phenotypic frequencies. 【Results】 The population genetic and phenotypic polymorphisms data of HLA-A, -B and HPA1-6, 10, 15, 21 in Shaanxi aera were obtained. The frequency of CD36 type Ⅰ or Ⅱ deficiency was 0.40%(1/249). According to the subsequent calculating and deriving, with a database size of 194 donors, the patient having approximate 95% probability could achieve matching of HPA1-6, 10, 15, 21 genotype. With a database size of 1500 donors, there is a 95% probability of matching at least one donor with HLA-A-B phenotype frequency >0.002 or haplotype frequency >0.001; meanwhile, the probability of matching a cross-reactive group donor should be 44.95%-97.57%. Based on database size of 8 856 and 15 033, the probabilities of matching HLA-A, -B phenotype were about 80% and 90%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 The differences in the distribution of HLA/HPA polymorphism in different regions make the establishment mode and optimal capacity of platelet donor database different. It is necessary to apply a variety of platelet matching transfusion strategies to expand the range of donor selection, thereby effectively reducing the database construction cost and resource requirements.

11.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 257-261, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987528

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the prevalence rate and related risk factors of anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms in close contacts of COVID-19 patients undergoing centralized quarantine and observation, so as to provide references for follow-up targeted psychological crisis intervention. MethodsFrom February 6 to 8, 2020, a total of 136 close contacts at designated quarantine sites in four districts and counties of Ya'an city were enrolled, and assessed using the general information questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). ResultsA total of 26 quarantined individuals (19.12%) had various degrees of anxiety, depression or insomnia, including 16 cases (11.76%) with anxiety, 9 cases (6.62%) with depression and 16 cases (11.76%) with insomnia. Correlation analysis showed that HAD (A) score was positively correlated with HAD (D) score (r=0.642, P<0.01). HAD (A) score was positively correlated with ISI score (r=0.590, P<0.01). HAD (D) score was positively correlated with ISI score (r=0.329, P<0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factor of anxiety was the first week of isolation (OR=3.290, P<0.05), meantime, the risk factors of insomnia included the old age (OR=7.990, P<0.05) and the first week of isolation (OR=4.659, P<0.05). ConclusionThe close contacts of COVID-19 infections undergoing centralized quarantine and observation in Ya’an have high prevalence rate of anxiety and insomnia, and the symptoms are most severe during the first week of quarantine.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 22-27, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Suanzaoren Tang in improving learning-memory of sleep-deprived rats based on Nod-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammatome pathway. Method:The rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, Eszolam group(5.4×10<sup>-4</sup> g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), low-dose Suanzaoren Tang group(4.59 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>)and high-dose Suanzaoren Tang group (18.36 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>). In addition to normal control group, other groups were used to constructed sleep-deprived model, which was concurrent with 30-day continuous drug administration. Water maze was used to evaluate the learning-memory function of rats; The mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3, apoptosis-related speckle proteins (ASC), aspartic acid-specific cysteine protease-1 (Caspase-1), interleukin-1(IL-1) and IL-18 in the hippocampus of rats were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:Compared with control group, the incubation period of the platform, the total distance of swimming and the duration of first reaching the platform in model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the number of platform crossings and the target quadrant time were decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the incubation period, total swimming distance and the duration of first reaching the platform in low-dose Suanzaoren Tang group and high-dose Suanzaoren Tang group were decreased to different degrees (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the number of platform crossings and the target quadrant time were increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01),but with no significant change in estazolam group. Compared with normal control group, mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-18 in the hippocampus of the model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-18 in the hippocampus of the rats in low-dose Suanzaoren Tang group and high-dose Suanzaoren Tang group were all decreased to different degrees (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-18 in the hippocampus of Suanzaoren group also decreased, but with no significant change. Conclusion:Suanzaoren Tang can improve the learning-memory function of sleep-deprived rats, and its mechanism is related to the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammatome pathway in hippocampus and the alleviation of neuroinflammation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 982-986, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of robotic navigation and percutaneous internal fixation in the treatment of fresh undisplaced scaphoid lumbar fractures.Methods:From November 2019 to October 2020, 8 patients were treated at Department of Hand Surgery, Xuzhou Renci Hospital for fresh undisplaced scaphoid lumbar fractures. There were 7 males and one female with an average age of 27.5 years (from 18 to 42 years), and 5 left and 3 right cases. Navigation by a Tianji orthopedic robot was conducted to decide the positions for implantation of percutaneous Herbert screws to fixate the fractures. The bone healing was followed up by regular X-ray and CT examinations. The functional recovery was evaluated by Mayo wrist score, grip strength, pinch strength and wrist range of motion, and the wrist pain was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS).Results:All the 8 patients were followed up for a mean time of 12.8 months (from 6 to 19 months). All the wounds healed by the first intention without any inflammation or infection. CT examination at 3 months postoperation found that all the fracture ends got united. At the final follow-up, the average active motions of the injured wrist were: 67.9° in flexion, 64.1° in extension, 21.2° in radial deviation and 52.2° in unlar deviation, respectively. The average grip strength was recovered to 31.3 kg, reaching up to 85.2% (from 66.7% to 100.0%) of the contralateral wrist; the average pinch force was recovered to 19.5 kg, reaching up to 89.3% (from 77.8% to 100.0%) of the contralateral wrist. At the last follow-up, the Mayo wrist function scores averaged 97.5 (from 95 to 100) and all the 8 cases were excellent. The VAS pain score of the wrist averaged 0.88 (from 0 to 2).Conclusion:In the treatment of fresh undisplaced scaphoid lumbar fractures, navigation with a Tianji orthopedic robot can be used to visualize percutaneous minimally invasive screw fixation so that accurate positioning and precise screw placement are ensured, leading to rapid rehabilitation.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 553-556, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873782

ABSTRACT

(±)-Bicoryanhunine B (1), a new dimeric benzylisoquinoline alkaloid was isolated from the dried tubers of Corydalis yanhusuo by various chromatographic methods, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, reverse phase C18, and semi-preparative HPLC. Its structure was determined by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS and 1D/2D NMR. (±)-Bicoryanhunine B (1) was a moderate PD-1/PD-L1 interaction inhibitor with an IC50 value of 7.80 ± 0.49 μmol·L-1. In addition, 1 exhibited potent inhibitory activities against LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages with an IC50 value of 4.83 ± 2.21 μmol·L-1.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 798-802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify a rare allele of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and analyze its inheritance and 3D molecular structure.@*METHODS@#PCR-sequence-based typing, PCR-single strand oligonucleotide polymorphism and single allele-specific sequencing were carried out to characterize the rare HLA-C allele and its transmission in the family. Its protein structure was modeled by using SWISS-MODEL, Phyre2 and FATCAT software.@*RESULTS@#Analysis indicated that the rare allele (HLA-C*08:84) has transmitted from the proband's mother and has differed from HLA-C*08:01 by a single base (g.512G>C), resulting in substitution of an amino acid (p.Trp147Ser). Modeling of the 3D structure of the encoded protein indicated that the amino acid residue variation is located at the alpha 2 helix, which participates the formation of pocket F. Modeling of the structures of C*08:84, C*08:01, C*08:02, C*08:03 and C*08:22 has suggested significant variation in the peptide binding regions of the backbone, with root mean square errors being 1.70 nm, 1.79 nm, 0.71 nm and 1.70 nm, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#A rare HLA-C*08:84 allele has been identified, and its clinical significance has been analyzed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Base Sequence , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , HLA-C Antigens/genetics , Molecular Structure , Sequence Analysis, DNA
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1096-1099, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886997

ABSTRACT

Bidehydrocorydaline A (1), a new dimeric alkaloid of proberberine connected by a methylenedioxy group, was isolated from the vinegar-prepared Corydalis yanhusuo by various chromatographic methods, including column chromatography over macroporous adsorption resin and silica gel, reverse-phase MPLC, and semi-preparative HPLC. Its structure was determined by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR. Bidehydrocorydaline A (1) showed potent inhibitory activity against LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages, with an IC50 value of 2.33 ± 0.57 μmol·L-1.

17.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 727-732, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988439

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the secular trends of pancreatic cancer incidence and mortality in Changning district of Shanghai from 1974 to 2013. Methods We calculated the age-standardized rates of incidence and mortality and the average annual percent changes for pancreatic cancer using Segi's world standard population and the data from Shanghai Cancer Registry. Age-period-cohort model was constructed to further assess the effect of age, diagnosis period and birth cohort on the secular trends of pancreatic cancer incidence and mortality. Results During 1974-2013, the age-standardized incidence and mortality rates were 6.49/105 and 6.01/105 in male, 4.83/105 and 4.57/105 in female, respectively. The age-standardized incidence was increased by 0.8% per year in male during past 40 years, while there was no change in mortality. The age-standardized incidence and mortality rates were increased by 1.6% and 1.3% per year in female. After adjusting the effects of diagnosis period and birth cohort, the incidence and mortality rates of pancreatic cancer increased by about 11% every 5 years older in both male and female. Diagnosis period and birth cohort had no statistical impact on the incidence and mortality of pancreatic cancer. Conclusion The age-standardized incidence of pancreatic cancer shows significantly rising trends during 1974-2013 in both male and female in Changning district of Shanghai, as well as the age-standardized mortality in female. The incidence and mortality rates also increase with age.

18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 101-106, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004607

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the association of HLAII(-DRB1, -DQB1, -DPB1) alleles and haplotypes polymorphisms with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in northern Han population. 【Methods】 A total of 308 AML (non-M3) patients (patient group) and 824 unrelated healthy bone marrow donors (control group) were genotyped at a high-resolution level using polymerase chain reaction-sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT), next-generation sequencing (NGS) with Ion Torrent S5 platform and sequence specific oligonueleotide probes (SSO) with LABScan® 3D platform. Frequencies of HLA II alleles and haplotypes were calculated with Arlequin 3.5.2.2 software. The odds ratio (OR) of AML was also calculated for case-control study. 【Results】 By χ2 test and correction, an increased frequency of HLA-DRB1*07∶01(14.61% vs 9.53%, P<0.01), HLA-DQB1*02∶02(12.82% vs 8.31%, P<0.01), HLA-DQB1*06∶02(11.53% vs 8.74%, P<0.05) and HLA-DPB1*17∶01(5.84% vs 3.16%, P<0.01) among AML patients was discovered in significant comparison with the control group. After Bonferroni correction, the frequency of HLA-DRB1*07∶01(Pc<0.05), HLA-DQB1*02: 02(Pc<0.05) and HLA-DPB1*17∶01(Pc<0.05) in AML patients were still higher than those in the control group, which had a strong positive correlation with AML (OR=1.62 (95% CI=1.23~2.14), 1.62(95% CI=1.21~2.18) and 1.91(95% CI=1.23~2.94), respectively. The frequency of two loci haplotype HLA-DRB1*07∶01-DQB1*02∶02 in AML patients was still higher than that of the control group after Bonferroni correction (12.66% vs 8.19%, Pc<0.05). The frequency of the 3 loci haplotype HLA-DRB1*07∶01-DQB1*02∶02-DPB1*17∶01, as a susceptible haplotype of AML, was higher than that of the control group and was strongly correlated with AML. 【Conclusion】 The data on the association of HLA II (-DRB1, -DQB1, -DPB1) alleles and haplotype polymorphisms with AML in northern Han populations was obtained in this study. HLA-DRB1*07∶01, HLA-DQB1*02∶02, HLA-DPB1*17∶01 and the HLA-DRB1*07∶01-DQB1*02∶02-DPB1*17∶01 haplotype are the risk genes and susceptible extended haplotype for AML. The risk prediction based on HLA haplotype might be more accurate than that based on single allele.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 50-55, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866775

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate the predictive performance of the population pharmacokinetics software JPKD-vancomycin on predicting the vancomycin steady-state trough concentration, and to analyze the related factors affecting the predictive performance.Methods:The clinical data of patients who were treated with vancomycin and received therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) admitted to Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2013 to December 2018 were enrolled. All patients were designed an empirical vancomycin regimen (initial regimen) according to vancomycin medication guidelines. Steady-state trough concentrations of vancomycin were determined at 48 hours after the first dose and 0.5 hour before the next dose. Dosage regimen was adjusted when steady-state trough concentration was not in 10-20 mg/L (adjustment regimen), and then the steady-state trough concentration was determined again 48 hours after adjustment. First, the JPKD-vancomycin software was used to calculate the initial regimen and predict the steady-state trough concentration according to the results calculated by classic pharmacokinetic software Vancomycin Calculator. Second, the JPKD-vancomycin software was used to adjust the vancomycin dosage regime and predict the steady-state trough concentration of adjustment regimen. The weight residual (WRES) between the predicted steady-state trough concentration (C pre) and the measured steady-state trough concentration (C real) was used to evaluate the ability of the JPKD-vancomycin software for predicting the vancomycin steady-state trough concentration. The TDM results of initial regimen were divided into accurate prediction group (WRES < 30%) and the inaccurate prediction group (WRES ≥ 30%) according to the WRES value. Patient and disease characteristics including gender, age, weight, height, the length of hospital stay, comorbidities, vasoactive agent, mechanical ventilation, smoking history, postoperative, obstetric patients, trauma, laboratory indicators, vancomycin therapy and TDM results were collected from electronic medical records. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the related factors that influence the predictive performance of JPKD-vancomycin software, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate its predictive value. Results:A total of 310 patients were enrolled, and 467 steady-state trough concentrations of vancomycin were collected, including 310 concentrations of initial regimen and 157 concentrations of adjustment regimen. Compared with the initial regimen, the WRES of adjusted regimen was significantly reduced [14.84 (6.05, 22.89)% vs. 20.41 (11.06, 45.76)%, P < 0.01], and the proportion of WRES < 30% increased significantly [82.80% (130/157) vs. 63.87% (198/310), P < 0.01]. These results indicated that JPKD-vancomycin software had a better accuracy prediction for steady-state trough concentration of the adjusted regimen than the initial regimen. There were 198 concentrations in the accurate prediction group and 112 in the inaccurate prediction group. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that women [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.466, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.290-0.746, P = 0.002], low body weight ( OR = 0.974, 95% CI was 0.953-0.996, P = 0.022), short height ( OR = 0.963, 95% CI was 0.935-0.992, P = 0.014), low vancomycin clearance (CL Van; OR < 0.001, 95% CI was 0.000-0.231, P = 0.023) and postoperative patients ( OR = 1.695, 95% CI was 1.063-2.702, P = 0.027) were related factors affecting the predictive performance of JPKD-vancomycin software. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that women ( OR = 0.449, 95% CI was 0.205-0.986, P = 0.046), low CL Van ( OR < 0.001, 95% CI was 0.000-0.081, P = 0.015) and postoperative patients ( OR = 2.493, 95% CI was 1.455-4.272, P = 0.001) were independent risk factors for inaccurate prediction of JPKD-vancomycin software. The ROC analysis indicated that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of the CL Van for evaluating the accuracy of JPKD-vancomycin software in predicting vancomycin steady-state trough concentration was 0.571, the sensitivity was 56.3%, and the specificity was 57.1%. The predictive performance of JPKD-vancomycin software was decreased when CL Van was lower than 0.065 L·h -1·kg -1. Conclusions:JPKD-vancomycin software had a better predictive performance for the vancomycin steady-state trough concentrations of adjustment regimen than initial regimen. JPKD-vancomycin software had a poor predictive performance when the patient was female, having low CL Van, and was postoperative. The predictive performance of JPKD-vancomycin software was decreased when CL Van was lower than 0.065 L·h -1·kg -1.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 788-792, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905390

ABSTRACT

Executive impairment is common after stroke, which causes in disabilities for controling thinking, emotion and behavior. The etiology is uncertain. There is no specific assessment tool for it. The psychological assessment is the main approach to screen and diagnose executive impairment, including screening and specific examination. There are still some advantages and disadvantages. The strategy for rehabilitation includes recovery, compulsory and adaptive treatment. Medication is the main treatment, but still unsatisfactory. Cognitive training, computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation and transcranial direct current stimulation and so on are applied. Imaging and physiological electrical techniques are needed.

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