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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of the serum tumor markers carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin-19-fragment (CYFRA21-1), squamous cell carcinoma associated antigen (SCCAg), neuron-specificenolase (NSE) and pro-gastrin-releasing peptide (ProGRP) for lung cancers of different pathological types.@*METHODS@#This study was conducted among patients with established diagnoses of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC, n=137), lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC, n=82), small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC, n=59), and benign chest disease (BCD, n=102). The serum tumor markers were detected for all the patients for comparison of the positivity rates and their serum levels. ROC curve was used for analysis of the diagnostic efficacy of these tumor markers either alone or in different combinations.@*RESULTS@#In patients with LADC, the positivity rate and serum level of CEA were significantly higher than those in the other groups (P < 0.05); the patients with LSCC had the highest positivity rate and serum level of SCCAg among the 4 groups (P < 0.05). The positivity rates and serum levels of ProGRP and NSE were significantly higher in SCLC group than in the other groups (P < 0.05). CYFRA21-1 showed the highest positivity rate and serum level in LADC group and LSCC group. With the patients with BCD as control, CEA showed a diagnostic sensitivity of 62.8% and a specificity of 93.1% for LADC, and the sensitivity and specificity of SCCAg for diagnosing LSCC were 64.6% and 91.2%, respectively. CYFRA21-1 had the highest diagnostic sensitivity for LADC and LSCC. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of ProGRP for SCLC were 83.1% and 98.0%, respectively. When combined, CYFRA21-1 and CEA showed a high sensitivity (78.8%) and specificity (86.3%) for diagnosing LADC with an AUC of 0.891; CYFRA21-1 and SCCAg had a high sensitivity (84.1%) and specificity (87.3%) for diagnosing LSCC with an AUC of 0.912. NSE combined with ProGRP was highly sensitive (88.1%) and specific (98.0%) for diagnosis of SCLC, with an AUC of 0.952. For lung cancers of different pathological types, the combination of all the 5 tumor markers showed no significant differences in the diagnostic power from a combined detection with any two of the markers (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CEA, CYFRA21-1, SCCAg, NSE and ProGRP are all related to the pathological type of lung cancers and can be used in different combinations as useful diagnostic indicators for lung cancers.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Humans , Keratin-19 , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Peptide Fragments , Peptide Hormones , Recombinant Proteins , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnosis
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3124-3138, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939960

ABSTRACT

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), one of the dominating constituents of tumor microenvironment, are important contributors to cancer progression and treatment resistance. Therefore, regulation of TAMs polarization from M2 phenotype towards M1 phenotype has emerged as a new strategy for tumor immunotherapy. Herein, we successfully initiated antitumor immunotherapy by inhibiting TAMs M2 polarization via autophagy intervention with polyethylene glycol-conjugated gold nanoparticles (PEG-AuNPs). PEG-AuNPs suppressed TAMs M2 polarization in both in vitro and in vivo models, elicited antitumor immunotherapy and inhibited subcutaneous tumor growth in mice. As demonstrated by the mRFP-GFP-LC3 assay and analyzing the autophagy-related proteins (LC3, beclin1 and P62), PEG-AuNPs induced autophagic flux inhibition in TAMs, which is attributed to the PEG-AuNPs induced lysosome alkalization and membrane permeabilization. Besides, TAMs were prone to polarize towards M2 phenotype following autophagy activation, whereas inhibition of autophagic flux could reduce the M2 polarization of TAMs. Our results revealed a mechanism underlying PEG-AuNPs induced antitumor immunotherapy, where PEG-AuNPs reduce TAMs M2 polarization via induction of lysosome dysfunction and autophagic flux inhibition. This study elucidated the biological effects of nanomaterials on TAMs polarization and provided insight into harnessing the intrinsic immunomodulation capacity of nanomaterials for effective cancer treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 382-388, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of CXCL5 in tumor immune of lung cancer and to explore the potential molecular mechanisms. Methods: A total of 62 cases of patients with lung cancer admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University from May 2018 to December 2019 were recruited as study object. Another 20 cases of patients with pulmonary infectious diseases and 20 cases of healthy control were selected as control. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine serum levels of CXCL5 in patients with lung cancer, pulmonary infectious diseases and healthy control. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) was used to detect the expressions of CXCL5 and PD-1/PD-L1 in tumor and paracarcinoma tissues of patients with lung cancer. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between CXCL5 and PD-1 in tumor and paracarcinoma tissues of patients with lung cancer. Lewis cells either expressing CXCL5 or vector plasmids were used to establish C57BL/6J mice model of lung cancer, and all mice were then divided into vehicle and PD-1 antibody treatment groups, 10 mice for each group. The mice survival and tumor growth curves were recorded. IHC was used to evaluate the expressions of CXCL5, PD-1 as well as the proportions of CD8(+) T and Treg cells in xenograft tumor tissues. Results: In patients with lung cancer, the serum level of CXCL5 [(351.7±51.5) ng/L] was significant higher than that in patients with pulmonary infectious diseases and healthy control [(124.7±23.4) ng/L, P<0.001]. The expression levels of CXCL5 (0.136±0.034), CXCR2 (0.255±0.050), PD-1 (0.054±0.012) and PD-L1 (0.350±0.084) in tumor were significant higher than those in paracarcinoma normal tissues [(0.074±0.022), (0.112±0.023), (0.041±0.007) and (0.270±0.043) respectively, P<0.001]. CXCL5 was significant positively correlated with PD-1 in tumor tissues of lung cancer (r=0.643, P<0.001), but not correlated with PD-1 in paracarcinoma tissues(r=0.088, P=0.496). The vector control group, CXCL5 overexpression group, vector control + anti-PD-1 antibody treatment group and CXCL5 overexpression + anti-PD-1 antibody treatment group all successfully formed tumors in mice, while CXCL5 overexpression increased the tumor growth significantly (P<0.01), which was abrogated by the treatment of anti-PD-1 antibody. CXCL5 overexpression decreased the mice survival time significantly (P<0.01), this effect was also abrogated by the treatment of anti-PD-1 antibody. The proportion of CD8(+) T cells in CXCL5 overexpression group [(10.40±2.00)%] was significant lower than that in vector control group [(21.20±3.30)%, P=0.002]. The proportion of CD4(+) Foxp3(+) Treg cells in CXCL5 overexpression group [(38.40±3.70)%] was significant higher than that in vector control group [(23.30±2.25)%, P<0.001]. After the treatment of anti-PD-1 antibody, no significant difference were observed for the proportion of CD8(+) T cells [(34.10±5.00)% and (33.40±4.00)% respectively] and Treg cells [(14.70±3.50)% and (14.50±3.30)% respectively] in xenograft tumor tissues between CXCL5 overexpression+ anti-PD-1 antibody treatment group and vector control + anti-PD-1 antibody treatment group (P>0.05). Conclusion: The expressions of CXCL5 and PD-1/PD-L1 are all increased significantly in the tumor tissues of patients with lung cancer, CXCL5 may inhibit tumor immune of lung cancer via modulating PD-1/PD-L1 signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Chemokine CXCL5/metabolism , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 224-230, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate changes in the peripheral interleukin-35 (IL-35) level in patients with alopecia areata, and to assess its modulatory effect on regulatory T (Treg) cell activities.Methods:Totally, 81 patients with alopecia areata (alopecia areata group) and 27 healthy volunteers (control group) were enrolled from Shanxi Provincial People′s Hospital between December 2019 and January 2021. Sera and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to detect the serum IL-35 level, real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR to determine the mRNA expression of IL-35 subunits EBI3 and IL-12p35, and flow cytometry to determine the proportion of CD4 + CD25 + CD127 dim/- Treg cells. Sorted Treg cells were stimulated by recombinant human IL-35, ELISA was performed to detect levels of perforin and granzyme B in the culture supernatant, and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR to determine the mRNA expression of EBI3, IL-12p35, and immune checkpoint molecules, such as programmed death protein 1 (PD-1) , T cell immunoglobulin and mucin protein-3 (Tim-3) , cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3) in Treg cells. IL-35-stimulated or unstimulated Treg cells were co-cultured with autologous PBMCs, and cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay was conducted to assess cellular proliferative activity. Measurement data were compared between 2 groups by using t test, comparisons among multiple groups were carried out by using one-way analysis of variance, correlation analysis was carried out by using Pearson correlation analysis, and enumeration data were compared by using chi-square test. Results:Compared with the control group, the alopecia areata group showed significantly decreased IL-35 levels (90.10 ± 11.98 ng/L vs. 100.74 ± 28.71 ng/L, t= 2.71, P= 0.008) , mRNA expression of EBI3 and IL-12p35 in PBMCs (EBI3: 1.06 ± 0.15 vs. 1.25 ± 0.11, t= 6.09, P < 0.001; IL-12p35: 1.00 ± 0.15 vs. 1.38 ± 0.22, t= 10.16, P < 0.001) , and proportions of Treg cells (5.91% ± 1.17% vs. 6.85% ± 1.23%, t= 3.54, P= 0.001) . In the alopecia areata group, the proportion of Treg cells was positively correlated with the serum IL-35 level ( r= 0.25, P= 0.026) , and the mRNA expression of EBI3 and IL-12p35 in PBMCs ( r= 0.31, 0.24, P= 0.004, 0.032, respectively) . Compared with the control group, the unstimulated Treg cells from the alopecia areata group showed significantly decreased supernatant levels of perforin and granzyme B, mRNA expression of EBI3, IL-12p35 and immune checkpoint molecules ( P < 0.05 or 0.001) , as well as weakened inhibitory effect on the proliferative activity of PBMCs ( P= 0.013) . There was no significant difference in the level of perforin or granzyme B between the recombinant human IL-35-stimulated and unstimulated Treg cells from the patients with alopecia areata (both P > 0.05) . However, the mRNA expression of EBI3, IL-12p35 and immune checkpoint molecules was significantly higher in the IL-35-stimulated Treg cells than in the unstimulated Treg cells in the alopecia areata group ( P < 0.05 or 0.001) , and the inhibitory effect on the proliferative activity of PBMCs was also significantly enhanced in the IL-35-stimulated Treg cells compared with the unstimulated Treg cells ( P= 0.037) . Conclusion:The peripheral IL-35 level was significantly decreased in the patients with alopecia areata, which was closely associated with reduced activities of Treg cells, and IL-35 may be involved in the occurrence of alopecia areata.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevalence of malnutrition among human immunodeficiency virus-exposed uninfected (HEU) children and to identify the associated factors in Hunan Province.Methods:All children born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers retrieved from Information System of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus Management (IPMTCT) in Hunan Province between July 2013 and June 2019 were included. Information including maternal demographic characteristic, maternal comorbidities/complications, anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy, anti-retroviral prophylaxis for children, birth weight, and disease during follow-up was collected. The length and weight of children at one, three, six, nine, 12 and 18 months of follow-up time points were detected, and the prevalences of stunting, underweight, wasting and malnutrition among HEU children were evaluated. The generalized estimating equation was used to fit the logistic regression model to analyze the associated factors for malnutrition.Results:A total of 656 HEU children were finally included. The prevalences of stunting, underweight, wasting, and malnutrition among HEU children were highest at one month of age, which were 11.9%(78/656), 9.1%(60/656), 7.0%(45/656) and 21.0%(138/656), respectively. Maternal comorbidities/complications (adjusted odds ratio (a OR)=2.30, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.48 to 3.58), mono/dual anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy (a OR=2.38, 95% CI 1.54 to 3.68), birth weight <2 500 g (a OR=2.66, 95% CI 1.69 to 4.21) and disease during follow-up (a OR=1.73, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.70) were the risk factors for malnutrition among HEU children (all P<0.050). Both taking zidovudine (a OR=0.60, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.94) and nevirapine (a OR=0.31, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.52) for anti-retroviral prophylaxis were the protective factors for malnutrition among HEU children (both P<0.050). Conclusions:The prevalence of malnutrition among HEU children is high. The prevalence of malnutrition is affected by maternal comorbidities/complications, anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy, and birth weight, diseases during follow-up and anti-retroviral prophylaxis for children.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 820-830, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927747

ABSTRACT

Studies of cellular dynamic processes have shown that cells undergo state changes during dynamic processes, controlled mainly by the expression of genes within the cell. With the development of high-throughput sequencing technologies, the availability of large amounts of gene expression data enables the acquisition of true gene expression information of cells at the single-cell level. However, most existing research methods require the use of information beyond gene expression, thus introducing additional complexity and uncertainty. In addition, the prevalence of dropout events hampers the study of cellular dynamics. To this end, we propose an approach named gene interaction network entropy (GINE) to quantify the state of cell differentiation as a means of studying cellular dynamics. Specifically, by constructing a cell-specific network based on the association between genes through the stability of the network, and defining the GINE, the unstable gene expression data is converted into a relatively stable GINE. This method has no additional complexity or uncertainty, and at the same time circumvents the effects of dropout events to a certain extent, allowing for a more reliable characterization of biological processes such as cell fate. This method was applied to study two single-cell RNA-seq datasets, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and chronic myeloid leukaemia. The GINE method not only effectively distinguishes malignant cells from benign cells and differentiates between different periods of differentiation, but also effectively reflects the disease efficacy process, demonstrating the potential of using GINE to study cellular dynamics. The method aims to explore the dynamic information at the level of single cell disorganization and thus to study the dynamics of biological system processes. The results of this study may provide scientific recommendations for research on cell differentiation, tracking cancer development, and the process of disease response to drugs.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation/genetics , Entropy , Gene Regulatory Networks , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Single-Cell Analysis/methods
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925084

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) show considerable promise in regenerative medicine. Many studies demonstrated that BMSCs cultured in vitro were highly heterogeneous and composed of diverse cell subpopulations, which may be the basis of their multiple biological characteristics. However, the exact cell subpopulations that make up BMSCs are still unknown. @*Methods@#and Results: In this study, we used single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) to divide 6,514 BMSCs into three clusters. The number and corresponding proportion of cells in clusters 1 to 3 were 3,766 (57.81%), 1,720 (26.40%), and 1,028 (15.78%). The gene expression profile and function of the cells in the same cluster were similar. The vast majority of cells expressed the markers defining BMSCs by flow cytometry and gene expression analysis. Each cluster had at least 20 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). We conducted Gene Ontology enrichment analysis on the top 20 DEGs of each cluster and found that the three clusters had different functions, which were related to self-renewal, multilineage differentiation and cytokine secretion, respectively. In addition, the function of the top 20 DEGs of each cluster was checked by the National Center for Biotechnology Information gene database to further verify our hypothesis. @*Conclusions@#This study indicated that scRNA-Seq can be used to divide BMSCs into different subpopulations, demon-strating the heterogeneity of BMSCs.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2153-2157, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936573

ABSTRACT

This study is to establish and validation in vivo models of moxifloxacin based on the theory of physiologically based pharmacokinetics (PBPK), and then to predict the distribution of moxifloxacin in human venous return and organ such as lung, spleen and so on. The efficacy of moxifloxacin and its pharmaceutical preparations were quantified by comparing the pharmacokinetic parameters with the minimum inhibitory concentration of related pathogenic bacterium. The results showed that the anti-infection efficacy of pharmaceutical moxifloxacin preparation in the corresponding organs was basically the same. The PBPK model of moxifloxacin preparations can be more accurately described the pharmacokinetic of anti-infective drugs in human, it is suitable for the efficacy evaluation of anti-infective drugs and provides a strong basis for the corresponding scientific research and scientific supervision.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a polylactic acid-glycolic acid-polyethylene glycol (PLGA-PEG) nanocarrier (N-Pac-CD133) coupled with a CD133 nucleic acid aptamer carrying paclitaxel for eliminating lung cancer stem cells (CSCs).@*METHODS@#Paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 was prepared using the emulsion/solvent evaporation method and characterized. CD133+ lung CSCs were separated by magnetic bead separation and identified for their biological behaviors and gene expression profile. The efficiency of paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 for targeted killing of lung cancer cells was assessed in vitro. SCID mice were inoculated with A549 cells and received injections of normal saline, empty nanocarrier linked with CD133 aptamer (N-CD133), paclitaxel, paclitaxel-loaded nanocarrier (N-Pac) or paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 (n=8, 5 mg/kg paclitaxel) on days 10, 15 and 20, and the tumor weight and body weight of the mice were measured on day 40.@*RESULTS@#Paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed a particle size of about 100 nm with a high encapsulation efficiency (>80%) and drug loading rate (>8%), and was capable of sustained drug release within 48 h. The CD133+ cell population in lung cancer cells showed the characteristic features of lung CSCs, including faster growth rate (30 days, P=0.001) and high expressions of tumor stem cell markers OV6(P < 0.001), CD133 (P=0.001), OCT3/4 (P=0.002), EpCAM (P=0.04), NANOG (P=0.005) and CD44 (P=0.02). Compared with N-Pac and free paclitaxel, paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed significantly enhanced targeting ability and cytotoxicity against lung CSCs in vitro (P < 0.001) and significantly reduced the formation of tumor spheres (P < 0.001). In the tumor-bearing mice, paclitaxel-loaded N-Pac-CD133 showed the strongest effects in reducing the tumor mass among all the treatments (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#CD133 aptamer can promote targeted delivery of paclitaxel to allow targeted killing of CD133+ lung CSCs. N-Pac-CD133 loaded with paclitaxel may provide an effective treatment for lung cancer by targeting the lung cancer stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Lung , Mice , Mice, SCID , Nanoparticles , Neoplasms , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Paclitaxel/pharmacology , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928938

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effect of Xuezhikang on the markers of the serum lipid levels of cholesterol synthesis and absorption in early menopausal women with hypercholesterolemia, and preliminarily explore its lipid-lowering mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 early menopausal women with hypercholesterolemia were enrolled from December, 2014 to May, 2016 from Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, who were randomly allocated to receive Xuezhikang (1200 mg/d, orally) or atorvastatin (10 mg/d, orally) according to a random number table. Serum levels of some related biomarkers, including cholesterol synthesis markers (squalene, dihydrocholesterol, dehydrocholesterol, and lathosterol), and absorption markers (campesterol, stigmasterol, and sitosterol) as well as safety indices were obtained at baseline and after 8 weeks of the intervention.@*RESULTS@#Eight weeks after treatment, both Xuezhikang and atorvastatin significantly reduced the levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density cholesterol compared to baseline (all P<0.01). Xuezhikang significantly reduced the levels of squalene, dehydrocholesterol and lathosterol compared to baseline (all P<0.01), but atorvastatin only significantly reduced the level of squalene (P<0.01), compared to baseline. All cholesterol absorption markers showed no significant differences before and after treatment (P>0.05), however, a more obvious downward trend was shown in the Xuezhikang group. In addition, all the safety indices showed no significant differences between the two groups. Although the creatinekinase level in the Xuezhikang group was significantly higher, it remained within the safe range.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Xuezhikang may have more comprehensive effects on the markers of cholesterol synthesis and metabolism in early menopausal women with hypercholesterolemia through ergosterol and flavonoids in its "natural polypill."


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Cholesterol , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Menopause
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912336

ABSTRACT

Hybrid coronary revascularization has been developing for more than 20 years since it was first proposed by Angelini in 1996. HCR combines the benefit of surgical anastomosis of the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery graft along with stenting of non-LAD lesions with percutaneous coronary intervention, and achieves complete revascularization. In this review, we have summarized the current state of the art of HCR, including the history, conception, types, patient selection, perioperative antiplatelet strategies, surgical techniques, clinical results as compared with conventional coronary artery bypass grafting and PCI, and the future of HCR.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910340

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy is one of the most commonly used and effective method to treat malignant tumors in clinical practice. However, there are still some limitations including high radiotherapy doses, harmful side effects on normal tissues, and radiation resistance of tumor cells. Therefore, seeking safe and effective radiotherapy sensitizers to improve radiation sensitivity of tumor cells has been focused for a long time. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs), as a kind of epigenetic modifiers, can regulate the sensitivity of tumor cells to ionizing radiation and ultraviolet radiation in addition to the inherent anticancer characteristics. This article reviewed the molecular mechanisms of HDACIs in enhancing radiation sensitivity and by selectively killing tumor cells.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881237

ABSTRACT

@#Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) combines the advantages of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and avoids its relative shortcomings, which has received particular attention in recent years. HCR seems to have become the third revascularization strategy for multi-vessel disease in coronary heart diseases. However, the clinical researches on HCR are still limited. This article will systematically review the comparison of HCR with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and PCI, the results of HCR in specific patients, and the clinical results of different HCR strategies.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910003

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine whether subpopulations may exist which are related to regulation of immunization or inflammation in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) from 2 elderly patients with hip fracture and whether there might be any difference in the subpopulations between them.Methods:Two elderly patients with hip fracture were enrolled in this study. Their venous blood was harvested to determine subpopulations of complement (C)3, C4, interleukins (IL)-2, IL-6, IL-10, and lymphocytes. Single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) was used to group their BMMNCs. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses were performed of the top 20 differentially expressed genes for each subpopulation to judge the main function of each subpopulation. The subpopulations and the key genes related to regulation of immunization or inflammation were found out. The relationships were explored between subpopulations and prognosis of the patients.Results:By the venous blood indexes, IL-10 was slightly high in patient A; C3 below normal, C4 close to the lower normal limit, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-10 were significantly high, CD8 +T % was low, and CD4 +/CD8 + high in patient B. After scRNA-Seq and bioinformatics analyses, the BMMNCs in the 2 patients were divided into 5 subpopulations. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that the functions of subpopulation 2 and subpopulation 4 were related to immunization or inflammation. CCL4, CCL5, LTB and CXCR4 in subpopulation 2 and C1QA, C1QB, CD14 and SPP1 in subpopulation 4 were related to the regulation of immunization or inflammation. The final prognosis of patient A was much better. The proportions of BMMNCs involved in subpopulation 2 and subpopulation 4 from patient A were higher than those from patient B [47.00% (1,431/3,045) versus 29.28% (882/3,012); 5.88% (179/3,045) versus 3.85% (116/3,012)]. Conclusions:The BMMNCs from elderly patients with hip fracture can be divided into subpopulations by scRNA-Seq. Some of the subpopulations may be related to regulation of immunization or inflammation, which may affect the post-injury immune inflammatory state and prognosis of the patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 549-554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909903

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) through anterolateral approach in treatment of middle-distal humeral shaft fracture.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 21 patients with middle-distal humeral shaft fracture admitted to 7th Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from August 2015 to March 2018, including 12 males and 9 females, aged 18-68 years [(31.3±3.6)years]. All were closed fracture. According to AO classification, the fracture were classified as type A in 6 patients, type B in 10 and type C in 5. All patients were treated with anterolateral minimally invasive plate fixation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay were recorded. The fracture healing was observed after operation. The visual analogue scale (VAS), University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder rating scale, and Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) were used to evaluate the effectiveness before operation and at 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-26 months [(18.2±2.4)months]. The operation time was 50-82 minutes [(68.2±19.4)minutes], with intraoperative blood loss of 40-95 ml [(60.2±21.3)ml]. The hospital stay was 6-16 days [(6.8±1.2)days]. There was no iatrogenic vascular or nerve injury during operation. The patients with radial nerve injury before operation were all adventitia contusion. The nerve function returned to normal within 3 months after operation. All fractures were healed within 5-10 months [(5.3±1.2)months]. At 2 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after operation, the VAS [(3.6±0.8)points, (2.1±0.4)points, (1.8±0.3)points] was lower than that before operation [(8.3±1.6)points] ( P<0.05); UCLA shoulder rating scale [(31.2±1.5)points, (33.6±0.8)points, (34.6±0.5)points] was higher than that before operation [(28.4±2.3)points] ( P<0.05); and MEPS [(80.2±3.4)points, (93.4±2.2)points, (96.4±3.5)points] was higher than that before operation [(60.5±4.5)points] ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the UCLA shoulder rating scale and MEPS showed excellent results. Conclusion:For middle and lower humeral shaft fracture especially for the fracture line relatively distal to the shaft, MIPO technique through anterolateral approach can attain satisfactory results in terms of pain, range of motion of shoulder and elbow joint, and joint function.

16.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 426-430, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the level of long non-coding RNA LINP1 (lncRNA-LINP1) in endometrial carcinoma and to explore the prognostic value of the expression leve.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2016, the tissue samples of 82 patients with endometrial carcinoma in North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital were used as endometrial carcinoma group, and the normal adjacent tissues were selected as the paracancerous control group.The expression of LINP1 mRNA was measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The clinicopathological data of the patients were collected, and the relationship between the expression of LINP1 mRNA and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed.Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between the expression of LINP1 mRNA and the survival rate of endometrial patients; and COX multivariate analysis was used to identify the risk factors of death in patients with endometrial cancer.Results:The expression of LINP1 mRNA in endometrial carcinoma group and paracancerous control group were (2.38±0.43) and (1.00±0.24). There was significant difference between the two groups ( t=25.376, P<0.001). The results of clinicopathological parameters showed that the expression of LINP1 mRNA was not related to the age and histological type of endometrial carcinoma (all P>0.05). It was related to lymph node metastasis, FIGO stage, tumor differentiation and vascular invasion (all P<0.05). the three-year total survival rate of the group with high expression of LINP1 mRNA (48.78%) was lower than that of the group with low expression of LINP1 mRNA (80.49%), and the differences were statistically significant (χ 2=6.306, P<0.05). COX Regression analysis showed that, high expression of LINP1 mRNA and FIGO Stage III, IV and lymph node metastasis were the risk factors for death in endometrial cancer patients (HR(95% CI) were 2.898(2.031-4.136), 1.831(1.448-2.316), 1.708(1.364-2.138), P values were 0.002, 0.004 and 0.008, respectively. Conclusion:The high expression of LINP1 mRNA in endometrial carcinoma is closely related to lymph node metastasis, FIGO stage, tumor differentiation, vascular invasion and prognosis.It is a risk factor for the death of patients with endometrial cancer and may be used as an index to evaluate the prognosis of patients with endometrial cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of quantifying food thickness in patients with swallowing difficulty after thyroidectomy.Methods:A total of 70 patients with swallowing difficulty after thyroidectomy in Department of Thyroid and Neck Oncology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital, during April 2019 to March 2020, randomly divided into intervention group(35cases) and control group(35cases). The patients in the control group were treated with conventional dietary nursing measures after thyroidectomy. The patients in the intervention group were treated with dietary guidance according to the results of quantifying food thickness and conventional dietary nursing. The incidence of aspiration was compared during hospitalization, the swallowing function were evaluated in the two groups pre intervention and on discharge, and relationship was evaluated between Kubota drinking test level and food consistency grade of safe eating in intervention group.Results:The incidence of aspiration in the intervention group (0) was lower than that in the control group 28.57% (10/35) and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 11.667, P<0.01). Before intervention the difference in the degrees of Kubota drinking test had no statistical significance between two groups before intervention ( Z value was -0.283, P>0.05). After interventions the degrees of Kubota drinking test was graded as gradeⅠ(1 example), gradeⅡ(4 examples), gradeⅢ(20 examples), grade Ⅳ(9 examples), gradeⅤ(1 example) respectively, meanwhile the degrees of control group was graded as gradeⅠ(0 example), gradeⅡ(1 example), gradeⅢ(16 examples), grade Ⅳ(17 examples), gradeⅤ(1 example) respectively. The difference between two groups was statistically significant ( Z value was -2.170, P<0.05). Moreover, the improvement of swallowing function in the intervention group was larger than that of the control group and the difference in the degree of the swallowing function was statistically significant between two groups ( Z value was -2.029, P<0.05). Before intervention the difference of the score of Eating Assessment Tool-10 had no statistical significance between two groups ( t value was 0.168, P>0.05). After intervention the score of Eating Assessment Tool-10 in the intervention group was 8.43±2.21, the score of Eating Assessment Tool-10 in the control group was 10.06±2.45, the difference had statistical significance between two groups( t value was -2.919, P<0.01). Conclusion:Quantification of fluid food thickness can more accurately and objectively judge the grade of food consistency that patients can eat safely, and it can effectively reduce the incidence of aspiration and contribute to improving the swallowing function in patients with swallowing difficulty after thyroidectomy and can also help them to recovery.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908110

ABSTRACT

The quality of public cardiopulmonary resuscitation training plays an important role in improving the survival rate of patients with cardiac arrest. Various forms of training have been carried out all over China, which plays a great role in promoting the work of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, there is still a lot of room for improvement in the quality management and effect sustainability of training. This paper reviews the current situation and deficiencies of quality management of public cardiopulmonary resuscitation training, and the role of training quality in enhancing people's self-confidence in learning and rescue, training contents, training methods, quality evaluation indicators, evaluation methods, and quality influencing factors and retraining time requirements, and so on. And it puts forward some practical suggestions on the quality management of public cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in China. Such as it will more emphasize standardized training, deliberate practice, proficient training, National Training, long-term maintenance of knowledge and skills, and using useful tools to improve the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training, etc. In order to improve the training quality management level of the public, so that the trainees can really master cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills, so as to improve the rescue rate and survival rate of patients with cardiac arrest. To promote the sustainable development of people's health.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907125

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the infection of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea in men who have sex with men (MSM), and the factors influencing the acceptance of gonorrhea testing in Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Dehong Prefecture), Yunnan Province. MethodsAcross-sectional survey was conducted to describe and analyze the acceptance of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea testing among MSM tracked in Dehong Prefecture in 2018. ResultsA total of 385 MSM were included in the analysis, with a 100.0% HIV and syphilis testing rate. The HIV antibody positivity rate was 10.6% (41/385) and the positivity rate of syphilis antibody was 14.8%(57/385). Only 30.4% of the subjects were willing to test for gonorrhea, and 13.7%(16/117)of them were test positive. Further multifactorial analysis revealed that local MSM and syphilis co-infected individuals were more likely to be tested for gonorrhea (aOR=2.48, 95%CI=1.33-4.65, P=0.004; aOR=2.59, 95%CI=1.43-4.71, P=0.002). ConclusionThe positive rates of AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea in MSM population in Dehong Prefecture are relatively high. Integrated interventions of STD/AIDS and gonorrhoea detection should be strengthened.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907102

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the infection of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea in men who have sex with men (MSM), and the factors influencing the acceptance of gonorrhea testing in Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Dehong Prefecture), Yunnan Province. MethodsAcross-sectional survey was conducted to describe and analyze the acceptance of AIDS, syphilis, and gonorrhea testing among MSM tracked in Dehong Prefecture in 2018. ResultsA total of 385 MSM were included in the analysis, with a 100.0% HIV and syphilis testing rate. The HIV antibody positivity rate was 10.6% (41/385) and the positivity rate of syphilis antibody was 14.8%(57/385). Only 30.4% of the subjects were willing to test for gonorrhea, and 13.7%(16/117)of them were test positive. Further multifactorial analysis revealed that local MSM and syphilis co-infected individuals were more likely to be tested for gonorrhea (aOR=2.48, 95%CI=1.33-4.65, P=0.004; aOR=2.59, 95%CI=1.43-4.71, P=0.002). ConclusionThe positive rates of AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea in MSM population in Dehong Prefecture are relatively high. Integrated interventions of STD/AIDS and gonorrhoea detection should be strengthened.

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