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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 643-648, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012955

ABSTRACT

With the implementation of the Healthy China Strategy, the value of care has become increasingly prominent. It has become an important nursing topic to strengthen the theoretical and practical research of nurse-patient communication, especially to understand the current state, and explore the essential characteristics, the influencing factors and the differences in interdisciplinary perspectives of nurse-patient communication. Through systematic analysis of 100 real clinical nurse-patient communication cases, this paper found that the problem of poor nurse-patient communication still existed widely, which is prominently manifested as the inhibition of communication willingness, the dislocation of communication topics and the lack of communication consensus. The causes of poor nurse-patient communication were nurses’ poor communication skills, negative emotional distress, the lack of humanistic literacy and insufficient energy investment in communication, as well as the patient’s fragile state, the limitation of knowledge and cultural level, and insufficient trust in nurses. The interdisciplinary perspective analysis of ethics, psychology and law is conducive to enriching and developing the theoretical basis and research methods of nurse-patient communication, and can also provide useful suggestions for improving nurse-patient communication in clinical.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 465-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early clinical efficacy of robot-assisted percutaneous short-segment bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 20 patients with stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell's disease who underwent robot-assisted percutaneous bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation between June 2017 and January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 males and 16 females, aged from 60 to 81 years old with an average age of (69.1±8.3) years. There were 9 cases of stageⅡand 11 cases of stage Ⅲ, all of which were single vertebral lesions, including 3 cases of T11, 5 cases of T12, 8 cases of L1, 3 cases of L2, and 1 case of L3. These patients did not exhibit symptoms of spinal cord injury. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and complications were recorded. The position of pedicle screws and the filling and leakage of bone cement in gaps were observed using postoperative CT 2D reconstruction. The data of the visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), kyphosis Cobb angle, wedge angle of the diseased vertebra, and anterior and posterior vertebral height on lateral radiographs were statistically analyzed preoperatively, 1 week postoperatively, and at the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Twenty patients were followed up for 10 to 26 months, with an average follow-up of (16.0±5.1) months. All operations were successfully completed. The surgical duration ranged from 98 to 160 minutes, with an average of (122±24) minutes. The intraoperative blood loss ranged from 25 to 95 ml, with an average of (45±20) ml. There were no intraoperative vascular nerve injuries. A total of 120 screws were inserted in this group, including 111 screws at grade A and 9 screws at grade B according to the Gertzbein and Robbins scales. Postoperative CT indicated that the bone cement was well-filled in the diseased vertebra, and cement leakage occurred in 4 cases. Preoperative VAS and ODI were (6.05±0.18) points and (71.10±5.37)%, respectively, (2.05±0.14) points and (18.57±2.77)% at 1 week after operation, and (1.35±0.11) points and (15.71±2.12) % at final follow-up. There were significant differences between postoperative 1 week and preoperative, and between final follow-up and postoperative 1 week(P<0.01). Anterior and posterior vertebral height, kyphosis Cobb angle, and wedge angle of the diseased vertebra were(45.07±1.06)%, (82.02±2.11)%, (19.49±0.77) °, and (17.56±0.94) ° preoperatively, respectively, (77.00±0.99)%, (83.04±2.02)%, (7.34±0.56) °, and (6.15±0.52) ° at 1 week postoperatively, and (75.13±0.86)%, (82.39±0.45)%, (8.38±0.63) °, and (7.09±0.59) ° at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Robot-assisted percutaneous short-segment bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation demonstrates satisfactory short-term efficacy in treating stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell's disease as an effective minimally invasive alternative. However, longer operation times and strict patient selection criteria are necessary, and long-term follow-up is required to determine its lasting effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pedicle Screws , Bone Cements , Robotics , Blood Loss, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Kyphosis , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2222-2232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981353

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the main active components and underlying mechanisms of Marsdenia tenacissima in the treatment of ovarian cancer(OC) through network pharmacology, molecular docking, and in vitro cell experiments. The active components of M. tenacissima were obtained from the literature search, and their potential targets were obtained from SwissTargetPrediction. The OC-related targets were retrieved from Therapeutic Target Database(TTD), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), GeneCards, and PharmGKB. The common targets of the drug and the disease were screened out by Venn diagram. Cytoscape was used to construct an "active component-target-disease" network, and the core components were screened out according to the node degree. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the common targets was constructed by STRING and Cytoscape, and the core targets were screened out according to the node degree. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses of potential therapeutic targets were carried out with DAVID database. Molecular docking was used to determine the binding activity of some active components to key targets by AutoDock. Finally, the anti-OC activity of M. tenacissima extract was verified based on SKOV3 cells in vitro. The PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was selected for in vitro experimental verification according to the results of GO function and KEGG pathway analyses. Network pharmacology results showed that 39 active components, such as kaempferol, 11α-O-benzoyl-12β-O-acetyltenacigenin B, and drevogenin Q, were screened out, involving 25 core targets such as AKT1, VEGFA, and EGFR, and the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway was the main pathway of target protein enrichment. The results of molecular docking also showed that the top ten core components showed good binding affinity to the top ten core targets. The results of in vitro experiments showed that M. tenacissima extract could significantly inhibit the proliferation of OC cells, induce apoptosis of OC cells through the mitochondrial pathway, and down-regulate the expression of proteins related to the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. This study shows that M. tenacissima has the characteristics of multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway synergistic effect in the treatment of OC, which provides a theoretical basis for in-depth research on the material basis, mechanism, and clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Marsdenia , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Databases, Genetic , Plant Extracts , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 175-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973147

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveIn the treatment of acute gouty arthritis (AGA), western medicine is mostly used for anti-inflammatory and analgesic purposes to control the blood uric acid level, but some patients are still at risk of poor control and recurrent attacks. Chinese medicinal prescriptions, potent in resisting inflammation and relieving pain, are able to stabilize the blood uric acid level, reduce acute attacks, and improve the clinical efficacy of western medicine. However, there is a lack of evidence to support their use as evidence-based medicine. This study employed network Meta-analysis (NMA) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of common Chinese medicinal prescriptions in the treatment of AGA, aiming to provide evidence-based medical evidence for the clinical use of Chinese medicinal prescriptions in the treatment of AGA. MethodChinese and English databases were searched for prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on Chinese medicinal prescriptions against AGA from database inception to December 1, 2022. Stata software and Review Manager were used for statistical analysis. ResultForty-four papers with 3 564 cases involved were included in the current NMA. In terms of reducing blood uric acid, the cumulative probability results showed that Mahuang Lianyao Chixiaodou Tang showed optimal efficacy (87.60%). In terms of relieving joint pain, Danggui Niantongtang and Guizhi Shaoyao Zhimutang showed optimal efficacy (92.00% and 82.30%). In terms of improving erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), Simiaowan was superior to other prescriptions (87.00%). In terms of reducing C-reactive protein (CRP), Simiaowan and Baihutang modified with Guizhitang showed superior efficacy (76.00% and 66.10%). In terms of safety, except for the basic treatment group, Mahuang Lianyao Chixiaodou Tang had the lowest probability of adverse events, and Danggui Niantongtang had the highest probability of adverse reactions during treatment. According to the results of cluster analysis, Mahuang Lianyao Chixiaodou Tang and Simiaowan are effective and safe. ConclusionAccording to the results of NMA, Chinese medicinal prescriptions can assist in the treatment of AGA and improve the effectiveness of western medicine. For patients with AGA, clinicians can choose Mahuang Lianyao Chixiaodou Tang or Simiaowan as an auxiliary drug for routine western medicine treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 445-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the impact of the sinonasal anatomic changes after endonasal endoscopic anterior skull base surgery on the nasal airflow and heating and humidification by computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and to explore the correlation between the postoperative CFD parameters and the subjective symptoms of the patients. Methods: The clinical data in the Rhinology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2016 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received the endoscopic resection of the anterior skull base tumor were selected as the case group, and the adults whose CT scans had no sinonasal abnormalities were chosen as the control group. The CFD simulation was performed on the sinonasal models after reconstructed from the patients' sinus CT images during the post-surgical follow-up. All the patients were asked to complete the Empty Nose Syndrome 6-Item Questionnaire (ENS6Q) to assess the subjective symptoms. The comparison between two independent groups and the correlation analysis were carried out by using the Mann-Whitney U test and the Spearman correlation test in the SPSS 26.0 software. Results: Nineteen patients (including 8 males and 11 females, from 22 to 67 years old) in the case group and 2 patients (a male of 38 years old and a female of 45 years old) in the control group were enrolled in this study. After the anterior skull base surgery, the high-speed airflow moved to the upper part of the nasal cavity, and the lowest temperature shifted upwards on the choana. Comparing with the control group, the ratio of nasal mucosal surface area to nasal ventilation volume in the case group decreased [0.41 (0.40, 0.41) mm-1 vs 0.32 (0.30, 0.38) mm-1; Z=-2.04, P=0.041], the air flow in the upper and middle part of the nasal cavity increased [61.14 (59.78, 62.51)% vs 78.07 (76.22, 94.43)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal resistance decreased [0.024 (0.022, 0.026) Pa·s/ml vs 0.016 (0.009, 0.018) Pa·s/ml; Z=-2.29, P=0.022], the lowest temperature in the middle of the nasal cavity decreased [28.29 (27.23, 29.35)℃ vs 25.06 (24.07, 25.50)℃; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal heating efficiency decreased [98.74 (97.95, 99.52)% vs 82.16 (80.24, 86.91)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the lowest relative humidity decreased [(79.62 (76.55, 82.69)% vs 73.28 (71.27, 75.05)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], and the nasal humidification efficiency decreased [99.50 (97.69, 101.30)% vs 86.09 (79.33, 87.16)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023]. The ENS6Q total scores of all patients in the case group were less than 11 points. There was a moderate negative correlation between the proportion of the inferior airflow in the post-surgical nasal cavity negatively and the ENS6Q total scores (rs=-0.50, P=0.029). Conclusions: The sinonasal anatomic changes after the endoscopic anterior skull base surgery alter the nasal airflow patterns, reducing the efficiency of nasal heating and humidification. However, the post-surgical occurrence tendency of the empty nose syndrome is weak.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hydrodynamics , Air Conditioning , Nose , Nasal Cavity , Skull Base/surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1433-1439, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997051

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the effect of LeCompte maneuver on in-hospital mortality and mid-to-long term reintervention after single-stage arterial switch operation in children with side-by-side Taussig-Bing anomaly. Methods     Clinical data of patients diagnosed with side-by-side Taussig-Bing anomaly and undergoing single-stage arterial switch operation in Shanghai Children’s Medical Center from 2006 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups based on whether LeCompte maneuver was performed: a LeCompte maneuver group and a non LeCompte maneuver group. The clinical data of two groups were compared. Results    Finally 92 patients were collected. LeCompte maneuver was performed in 32 out of 92 patients with a median age of 65.0 days and an average weight of 4.3 kg, among whom 24 (75.0%) were male. Fifteen (46.9%) patients received concomitant aortic arch repair while 12 (37.5%) patients were associated with coronary artery malformation. LeCompte maneuver was not performed in 60 patients with a median age of 81.0 days and an average weight of 4.8 kg, among whom 45 (75.0%) were male. Twenty-two (36.7%) patients received concomitant aortic arch repair while 35 (58.3%) patients were associated with coronary artery malformation. The average cardiopulmonary bypass duration of the LeCompte maneuver group showed no statistical difference from the non LeCompte maneuver group (179.0±60.0 min vs. 203.0±74.0 min, P=0.093). The in-hospital mortality of the two groups were 6 (18.8%) and 7 (11.7%), respectively, which also showed no statistical difference (P=0.364). The median follow-up period was 4.1 (1.6, 7.5) years for 79 patients with 8 lost to follow-up, and no death was observed. Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test showed no statistical difference in overall mid-to-long term reintervention rate (P=0.850) as well as right ventricular outflow tract and pulmonary artery reintervention rate (P=0.240) with or without LeCompte maneuver. Conclusion    Whether or not to perform LeCompte maneuver shows no statistical impact on in-hospital mortality and mid-to-long term reintervention rate of single-stage arterial switch operation for side-by-side Taussig-Bing anomaly.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 836-840, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005812

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the practice and benefit of national standardized management of type 2 diabetes in Yulin City. 【Methods】 We recruited the adult type 2 diabetes patients who sought medical help at our hospital from May 2020 to October 2022 as subjects. We collected their basic information (sex and age); measured height, weight, waist and hip circumference, and blood pressure; calculated body mass index (BMI); and detected blood glucose, c-peptide, HbA1c, biomarkers, urinary microalbumin, sensory nerve conduction velocity of lower limbs, ABI, and subcutaneous and visceral fat at the time of MMC recruited and the end of six months. T test and Mann-Whitney U rank sum test were used for measurement data and χ2 test or Fisher’s exact probability method for counting data to analyze the data. 【Results】 After 6 months, the levels of fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, HbA1c, and visceral and subcutaneous fat in all the patients decreased, but the level of fasting c-peptide increased compared with the baseline (all P<0.05). Secondly, compared with the baseline, the control rate of HbA1c (35.21% vs. 13.71% ) and the comprehensive control rate (13.97% vs. 7.26% ) were both significantly increased at six months (P<0.05). Thirdly, after 6 months, the levels of fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, HbA1c, TG, TC, and UA were decreased more, while the fasting c-peptide and postprandial c-peptide were increased more in the patients of the HbA1c standard group (HbA1c<7% ) than those of the non-standard group. 【Conclusion】 The multiple benefits of blood glucose, blood lipid, uric acid and islet function can be achieved by taking type 2 diabetes patients into MMC. Meanwhile, the rates of HbA1c control and comprehensively reaching the standard are significantly increased. Therefore, MMC can explore a new way for the management of type 2 diabetic patients in this area.

8.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 338-342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972771

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the epidemiological characteristics of influenza in Jingzhou from 2016 to 2021, so as to provide scientific evidence for the formulation of influenza prevention and control policies in this region, and effectively protect people's health. MethodsData of influenza-like illness (ILI) and pathogen surveillance in Jingzhou during 2016‒2021 were collected and statistically analyzed. ResultsA total of 46 272 ILI cases were reported from two hospitals in Jingzhou City from 2016 to 2021. The difference in the constituent ratio of ILI was statistically significant among different age groups (P<0.05). A total of 12 812 specimens were collected from two hospitals for influenza surveillance. A total of 1 513 cases were RNA positive,and the positive rate of influenza virus nucleic acid detection was 11.81%. The RNA positive specimens were mainly B (Victoria), accounting for 39.33%. There were statistically significant differences in the positive rate of influenza virus nucleic acids and different types of influenza virus nucleic acids among different years (P<0.05). ConclusionThe influenza epidemic in Jingzhou peaks in winter and spring, and the new A (H1),A (H3), B (Victoria) and B (Yamagata) types alternate and mixed epidemics dominate.

9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 30-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe the submucosal microbial profiles of peri-implantitis and healthy implants, and to explore bacteria that might be correlated with clinical parameters.@*METHODS@#In the present cross-sectional study, 49 patients were recruited. Each patient contributed with one implant, submucosal biofilms were collected from 20 healthy implants and 29 implants with peri-implantitis. DNA was extracted and bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) genes were amplified. Submucosal biofilms were analyzed using 16S rRNA sequencing at Illumina MiSeq platform. Differences between the groups were determined by analyzing α diversity, microbial component and microbial structure. The potential correlation between the bacteria with pocket probing depth (PPD) of peri-implant calculated by Spearman correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The α diversity of submucosal microbial of health group was significantly lower than that in peri-implantitis group (Chao1 index: 236.85±66.13 vs. 150.54±57.43, P < 0.001; Shannon index: 3.42±0.48 vs. 3.02±0.65, P=0.032). Principal coordinated analysis showed that the submucosal microbial structure had significant difference between healthy and peri-implantitis groups [R2=0.243, P=0.001, analysis of similarities (ANOSIM)]. Compared with healthy implants, relative abundance of periodontal pathogens were higher in peri-implantitis, including members of the red complex (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola) and some members of orange complex (Precotella intermedia, Eubacterium nodatum, Parvimonas micra), as well as some new periodontal pathogens, such as Fillifactor alocis, Fretibacterium fastidiosum, Desulfobulbus sp._HMT_041, and Porphyromonas endodontalis. Spearman correlation analysis revealed that the relative abundance of Treponema denticola (r=0.686, P < 0.001), Tannerella forsythia (r=0.675, P < 0.001), Fretibacterium sp. (r=0.671, P < 0.001), Desulfobulbus sp._HMT_041 (r=0.664, P < 0.001), Filifactor alocis (r=0.642, P < 0.001), Fretibacterium fastidiosum (r=0.604, P < 0.001), Porphyromonas gingivalis (r=0.597, P < 0.001), Porphyromonas endodontalis (r=0.573, P < 0.001) were positive correlated with PPD. While the relative abundance of Rothia aeria (r=-0.615, P < 0.001) showed negatively correlation with PPD.@*CONCLUSION@#Marked differences were observed in the microbial profiles of healthy implants and peri-implantitis. The members of red and orange complex as well as some new periodontal pathogens seem to play an important role in peri-implant disease. Compared with healthy implants, the submucosal microbial of peri-implantitis were characterized by high species richness and diversity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peri-Implantitis/microbiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Bacterial Load , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Dental Implants
10.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 281-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970788

ABSTRACT

Peri-implantitis (PI) has been defined as an inflammatory lesion of the mucosa surrounding an endosseous implant and with progressive loss of supporting peri-implant bones. In recent years, histopathological differences between PI and periodontitis of natural teeth had been described in animal experiments and a certain number of human experiments. In this paper, we review the histopathological differences between PI and periodontitis reported in the existing literature and try to find the differences in the occurrence and progression of these two diseases. Overall, inflammatory cell infiltrate (ICT) is more extensive in PI than in periodontitis, extending to the alveolar ridge, with dense infiltration of plasma cells, lymphocytes, macrophages, polymorphonuclear leukocytes and a greater number of osteoclasts in the connective tissue, but with less vascular density within ICT than in periodontitis. In addition, foreign bodies are found in PI lesions. The histopathological differences between the two diseases in terms of inflammatory infiltration, vascularity, bone loss, and foreign bodies could partially explain the more rapid progression of PI than periodontitis, suggesting that PI should be taken seriously by physicians. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to control the progression of PI. In addition, targeted therapy against specific inflammatory cells may become a new direction for PI treatment; reducing titanium particles released into peri-implant tissue by friction or electrochemical corrosion may help to prevent PI.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 710-715, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986199

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the predictive factors of concurrent bile duct injury following transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 483 HCC patients in relation to TACE postoperative complications. A total of 21 cases of bile duct injury were observed following the TACE procedure. Laboratory data, imaging data, and clinically relevant medical histories were recorded before and after one week following the TACE procedure and follow-up. The χ (2) test, or Fisher's exact probability method, was used for categorical variables. The mean of the two samples was compared using a paired t-test or Wilcoxon rank sum test. The comparison of multiple mean values was conducted using an analysis of variance. Results: Twenty-one cases with bile duct injury had intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, bile tumors, hilar biliary duct stenoses, and other manifestations. 14.3% (3/21) of patients showed linear high-density shadows along the bile duct on a plain CT scan, while 76.2% (16/21) of patients had ALP > 200 U/L one week following TACE procedure, and bile duct injury occurred in later follow-up. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were significantly increased in all patients following TACE procedure (t = -2.721, P = 0.014; t = -2.674, P = 0.015; t = -3.079, P = 0.006; t = -3.377, P = 0.003, respectively). Conclusion: The deposition of iodized oil around the bile duct on plain CT scan presentation or the continuous increase of ALP (> 200 U/L) one week following TACE procedure has a certain predictive value for the later bile duct injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Bile Ducts
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 367-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986080

ABSTRACT

Subepithelial connective tissue or free gingival grafts are often used in traditional mucogingival surgery to treat gingival recession and keratinized gingival insufficiency. However, due to the disadvantages of autologous soft tissue grafts, such as the preparation of the second surgical site, the limited amount of tissue in the donor site, and postoperative discomfort for patients, the research on autologous soft tissue substitute materials has attracted extensive attention. A variety of donor-substitute materials from different sources are currently used in membranous gingival surgeries, including platelet-rich fibrin, acellular dermal matrix, xenogeneic collagen matrix, etc. This paper reviews the research progress and application of several different types of substitute materials in soft tissue augmentation for natural teeth, providing a reference for the application of autologous soft tissue substitutes in clinical gingival augmentation surgery.

13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 359-363, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986078

ABSTRACT

The number of patients with periodontal disease in China is large, and the ratio of doctors to patients is seriously imbalanced, especially in the insufficient number of periodontal specialists and periodontal teachers. Strengthening the cultivation of professional postgraduates in periodontology can effectively solve this problem. This paper summarizes the experiences of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology in the teaching of periodontal postgraduate students for more than 30 years, in cluding teaching objectives formulation, teaching resources allocation and enhancement of the quality control system of clinical teaching, for ensuring that the periodontal professional postgraduates could reach the expected level after training. This formed the current "Peking University Model". There are both opportunities and challenges in clinical teaching of periodontal postgraduates in domestic stomatology community. The authors hope that the continuous exploration and improvement of this teaching system will promote the vigorous development of clinical teaching for the postgraduates majoring in periodontology in China.

14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 557-565, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985444

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the antimicrobial resistance of food-borne diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) and the prevalence of mcr genes that mediates mobile colistin resistance in parts of China, 2020. Methods: For 91 DEC isolates recovered from food sources collected from Fujian province, Hebei province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Shanghai city in 2020, Vitek2 Compact biochemical identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing platform was used for the detection of antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) against to 18 kinds of antimicrobial compounds belonging to 9 categories, and multi-polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) was used to detect the mcr-1-mcr-9 genes, then a further AST, whole genome sequencing (WGS) and bioinformatics analysis were platformed for these DEC isolates which were PCR positive for mcr genes. Results: Seventy in 91 isolates showed different antimicrobial resistance levels to the drugs tested with a resistance rate of 76.92%. The isolates showed the highest antimicrobial resistance rates to ampicillin (69.23%, 63/91) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (59.34%, 54/91), respectively. The multiple drug-resistant rate was 47.25% (43/91). Two mcr-1 gene and ESBL (extended-spectrum beta-lactamase) positive EAEC (enteroaggregative Escherichia coli) strains were detected. One of them was identified as serotype of O11:H6, which showed a resistance profile to 25 tested drugs referring to 10 classes, and 38 drug resistance genes were predicted by genome analysis. The other one was O16:H48 serotype, which was resistant to 21 tested drugs belonging to 7 classes and carried a new variant of mcr-1 gene (mcr-1.35). Conclusion: An overall high-level antimicrobial resistance was found among foodborne DEC isolates recovered from parts of China in 2020, and so was the MDR (multi-drug resistance) condition. MDR strains carrying multiple resistance genes such as mcr-1 gene were detected, and a new variant of mcr-1 gene was also found. It is necessary to continue with a dynamic monitoring on DEC contamination and an ongoing research into antimicrobial resistance mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colistin/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Drug Resistance, Bacterial/genetics , China/epidemiology , Escherichia coli , Plasmids/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 518-523, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism of regulatory T cells (Treg) in heat stroke (HS)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI).@*METHODS@#Male SPF Balb/c mice were randomly divided into control group, HS group (HS+Rat IgG), HS+PC61 group, and HS+Treg group (n = 6). The HS mice model was established by making the body temperature of the mice reach 42.7 centigrade at room temperature 39.5 centigrade with relative humidity 60% for 1 hour. In HS+PC61 group, 100 μg PC61 antibody (anti-CD25) was injected through the tail vein in consecutive 2 days before the model was established to eliminate Tregs. Mice in HS+Treg group was injected with 1×106 Treg via tail vein immediately after successful modeling. The proportion of Treg infiltrated in the kidney, serum creatinine (SCr) and histopathology, levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) both in the serum and kidney tissue, as well as proportion of neutrophils and macrophages located in the kidney were observed at 24 hours after HS.@*RESULTS@#HS dampened renal function and exaggerated kidney injury, up-regulated levels of inflammatory cytokines both in local kidney and circulation, and increased infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages to the injured kidneys. The proportion of Treg (Treg/CD4+) infiltrated in kidney was significantly decreased in HS group, compared with control group [(3.40±0.46)% vs. (7.67±0.82)%, P < 0.01]. Compared with HS group, local Tregs in kidney were almost completely depleted via PC61 antibody [(0.77±0.12)% vs. (3.40±0.46)%, P < 0.01]. Depletion of Tregs could exacerbate HS-AKI, indicating by increased serum creatinine [SCr (mmol/L): 348.22±35.36 vs. 254.42±27.40, P < 0.01] and pathological injury (Paller score: 4.70±0.20 vs. 3.60±0.20, P < 0.01), incremental levels of IFN-γand TNF-α both in injured kidney and serum [serum IFN-γ (ng/L): 747.70±64.52 vs. 508.46±44.79, serum TNF-α (ng/L): 647.41±26.62 vs. 464.53±41.80, both P < 0.01], and more infiltrated neutrophils and macrophages in the injured kidney [neutrophil proportion: (6.63±0.67)% vs. (4.37±0.43)%, macrophage proportion: (38.70±1.66)% vs. (33.19±1.55)%, both P < 0.01]. On the contrast, adoptive transfer of Tregs could reverse the aforementioned effects of Treg depletion, indicating by incremental proportion of Tregs in the injured kidney [(10.58±1.19)% vs. (3.40±0.46)%, P < 0.01], decreased serum creatinine [SCr (mmol/L): 168.24±40.56 vs. 254.42±27.40, P < 0.01] and pathological injury (Paller score: 2.73±0.11 vs. 3.60±0.20, P < 0.01), reduced levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α both in injured kidney and serum [serum IFN-γ (ng/L): 262.62±22.68 vs. 508.46±44.79, serum TNF-α (ng/L): 206.41±22.58 vs. 464.53±41.80, both P < 0.01], and less infiltrated neutrophils and macrophages in the injured kidney [neutrophil proportion: (3.04±0.33)% vs. (4.37±0.43)%, macrophage proportion: (25.68±1.93)% vs. (33.19±1.55)%, both P < 0.01].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Treg might be involved in HS-AKI, possibly via down-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and infiltration of inflammatory cells.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Rats , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Creatinine , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Heat Stroke , Acute Kidney Injury , Cytokines , Interferon-gamma
16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 441-447, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To derive the Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome classification and subgroup syndrome characteristics of ischemic stroke patients.@*METHODS@#By extracting the CM clinical electronic medical records (EMRs) of 7,170 hospitalized patients with ischemic stroke from 2016 to 2018 at Weifang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong Province, China, a patient similarity network (PSN) was constructed based on the symptomatic phenotype of the patients. Thereafter the efficient community detection method BGLL was used to identify subgroups of patients. Finally, subgroups with a large number of cases were selected to analyze the specific manifestations of clinical symptoms and CM syndromes in each subgroup.@*RESULTS@#Seven main subgroups of patients with specific symptom characteristics were identified, including M3, M2, M1, M5, M0, M29 and M4. M3 and M0 subgroups had prominent posterior circulatory symptoms, while M3 was associated with autonomic disorders, and M4 manifested as anxiety; M2 and M4 had motor and motor coordination disorders; M1 had sensory disorders; M5 had more obvious lung infections; M29 had a disorder of consciousness. The specificity of CM syndromes of each subgroup was as follows. M3, M2, M1, M0, M29 and M4 all had the same syndrome as wind phlegm pattern; M3 and M0 both showed hyperactivity of Gan (Liver) yang pattern; M2 and M29 had similar syndromes, which corresponded to intertwined phlegm and blood stasis pattern and phlegm-stasis obstructing meridians pattern, respectively. The manifestations of CM syndromes often appeared in a combination of 2 or more syndrome elements. The most common combination of these 7 subgroups was wind-phlegm. The 7 subgroups of CM syndrome elements were specifically manifested as pathogenic wind, pathogenic phlegm, and deficiency pathogens.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There were 7 main symptom similarity-based subgroups in ischemic stroke patients, and their specific characteristics were obvious. The main syndromes were wind phlegm pattern and hyperactivity of Gan yang pattern.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syndrome , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Liver , Phenotype
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 745-752, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927958

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the correlations between curcumin(Cur), nuclear factor E2 related factor 2(NRF2)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase(DDAH)-asymmetric dimethylarginine(ADMA)-nitric oxide(NO) pathway, and endothelial-mesenchymal transition(EndMT) based on SD rats with cardiac fibrosis, and explored the effect and mechanism of Cur in resisting cardiac fibrosis to provide an in-depth theoretical basis for its clinical application in the treatment of heart failure. The cardiac fibrosis model was induced by subcutaneous injection of isoprenaline(Iso) in rats. Thirty-two rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose Cur group(100 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), and a high-dose Cur group(200 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with eight in each group. After 21 days of treatment, cardiac function was detected by echocardiography, degree of cardiac fibrosis by Masson staining, expression of CD31 and α-SMA by pathological staining, expression of VE-cadherin, vimentin, NRF2, and DDAH by Western blot, and ADMA level by HPLC. Compared with the model group, the Cur groups showed alleviated cardiac fibrosis, accompanied by increased CD31 and VE-cadherin expression and decreased α-SMA and vimentin expression, indicating relieved EndMT. Additionally, DDAH and NRF2 levels were elevated and ADMA and NO expression declined. Cur improves cardiac fibrosis by inhibiting EndMT presumedly through the NRF2-DDAH-ADMA-NO pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Amidohydrolases/metabolism , Curcumin , Fibrosis , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 119-125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of combined application of glycine powder air-polishing and mechanical submucosal debridement in non-surgical treatment of peri-implant diseases.@*METHODS@#A randomized controlled clinical study was carried out on patients diagnosed with peri-implant diseases in the Department of Periodontology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, between May of 2020 and June of 2021.Twenty-eight patients with totally sixty-two implants were enrolled.The patients were randomly divided into the test group and control group. The patients in the test group (13 subjects/32 implants) received mechanical submucosal debridement using titanium curettes combined with application of glycine powder air-polishing, while the control group (15 subjects/30 implants) received mechanical submucosal debridement using titanium only. Clinical parameters, such as plaque index (PLI), pocket probing depth (PPD), bleeding index (BI) and the percentage of suppuration on probing on implants' level (SoP%) were measured at baseline and 8 weeks after non-surgical intervention. Changes and group differences of clinical parameters of the implants before and 8 weeks after non-surgical intervention were compared.@*RESULTS@#Mean PLI, PPD, BI of both the test group and control group significantly reduced 8 weeks after non-surgical intervention (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the test group achieved lower BI (2.7±0.8 vs. 2.2±0.7, P < 0.05), more reduction of BI (0.6±0.7 vs. 1.1±0.6, P < 0.01) and more reduction of SoP% (21.9% vs. 10%, P < 0.05) after non-surgical intervention. Both the control and test groups exhibited comparable PLI and PPD reductions (P>0.05). For the implants diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis, the test group revealed more signi-ficant reduction in BI and SoP% than the control group (1.0±0.7 vs. 0.4±0.7, P=0.02; 6.3% vs. 0, P=0.012). There was no significant difference existing in PLI and PD improvement between the control group and test group (P>0.05). For the implants diagnosed with peri-implantitis, there was no significant difference existing in PLI, PPD, BI and SoP% improvement values between the test and control groups (P>0.05). No complications or discomforts were reported during the study.@*CONCLUSION@#Both treatment procedures could relieve the inflammation of peri-implant soft tissue. Non-surgical mechanical submucosal debridement combined application of glycine powder air-polishing is associated with significant reduction of soft tissue bleeding and suppuration on probing especially in the implants diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Glycine , Peri-Implantitis/therapy , Periodontal Index , Periodontics , Powders , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 93-101, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940625

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveWe aimed to investigate the efficacy and mechanism of Yishen Shengjing Prescription (YSP) in the treatment of oligoasthenospermia in rats. MethodThe oligoasthenospermia rat model was established by injection with cyclophosphamide (35 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 5 consecutive days. Rats were randomly assigned into control group (without treating with cyclophosphamide), model group, low- (YSP-L), medium- (YSP-M), and high- (YSP-H) dose (2.91, 5.83, and 11.66 g·kg-1, respectively) groups, Wuzi Yanzongwan (WYW, 1.03 g·kg-1) group, and L-carnitine (0.17 g·kg-1) group, with 8 rats in each group. After 28 days of drug intervention, the body weight, testicular weight, and testicular index of rats were recorded. The sperm quality in epididymis was detected by computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) system. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was employed for observation of testicular tissue morphology. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in testicular tissue were detected by colorimetry. The levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone (T) in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) was employed to detect the apoptosis of testicular cells. The protein levels of B cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bax, and cleaved Caspase-3 in testicular tissue were detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed decreased body weight, testicular weight and index, sperm concentration and motility (P<0.01) and increased testicular pathological score (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the YSP-M, YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine groups showed increased body weight, testicular weight, testicular index, sperm concentration and motility and decreased testicular pathological score. After modeling, the SOD level decreased (P<0.01) while the MDA content increased (P<0.01) in the testicular tissue. YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine reversed the SOD and MDA level changes caused by modeling. Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited declined T level (P<0.01) and increased FSH and LH levels (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, YSP, WYW, and L-carnitine increased the T level (P<0.01) and decreased the LH level (P<0.05, P<0.01). The apoptosis rate of spermatogenic cells in the model group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01), whereas YSP-M, WYW, and L-carnitine reversed such changes (P<0.01). The model group rats showed decreased expression of Bcl-2(P<0.05) and increased expression of Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared the model group, YSP-M, YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine up-regulated the Bcl-2 expression and down-regulated the cleaved Caspase-3 expression (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionYSP improved the sperm quality of oligoasthenospermia model rats by regulating the antioxidant system and sex hormone levels and inhibiting the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935957

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the real-world efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) tablets in the treatment of Chinese patients with chronic HCV infection. Methods: An open-label, single-center, prospective clinical study was conducted in a county in northern China. A total of 299 cases were enrolled. Of these, 161 cases with chronic hepatitis C and 73 cases with compensated cirrhosis received SOF/VEL for 12 weeks. 65 cases with decompensated cirrhosis received SOF/VEL combined with ribavirin for 12 weeks (22 cases) or SOF/VEL for 24 weeks (43 cases). Virological indicators, liver and renal function indexes, and liver stiffness measurement were detected at baseline, the fourth week of treatment, the end of treatment, and the 12-weeks of follow-up. Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities were observed during the course of treatment . The primary endpoint was undetectable rate of HCV RNA (SVR12) at 12 weeks of follow-up with the use of modified intention-to-treat (mITT) approach. Measurement data between two groups were compared using t-test. One Way ANOVA was used for comparison between multiple groups. Enumeration data were analyzed by chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Results: 291 cases had completed treatment. HCV RNA was undetectable after 12 weeks of follow-up, and the SVR12 rate was 97.3% (95% confidence interval: 95.4%-99.3%). Among them, 97.4% of genotype 1b, 96.4% of genotype 2a, and 100% of those with undetected genotype achieved SVR12. The SVR12 rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C, compensated and decompensated liver cirrhosis were 98.1%, 98.6% and 93.8%, respectively. An improvement in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and other liver biochemical indicators accompanied with virological clearance and reduced liver stiffness measurement was observed in patients with compensated cirrhosis, with statistically significant difference. There was no significant abnormality in renal function before and after treatment. The most common adverse reactions were fatigue, headache, epigastric discomfort and mild diarrhea. The overall adverse reactions were mild. One patient died of decompensated liver cirrhosis combined with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding, which was unrelated to antiviral treatment. Four patients discontinued treatment prematurely due to adverse events. Relapse was occurred in four cases, and drug-resistance related mutations were detected in three cases. Conclusion: Sofosbuvir and velpatasvir tablets in Chinese HCV-infected patients with different genotypes, different clinical stages or previously treated with pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin resulted in higher SVR12, indicating that the treatment safety profile is good.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Carbamates , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Prospective Studies , RNA , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Sofosbuvir/adverse effects , Sustained Virologic Response , Treatment Outcome
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