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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 781-794, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011269

ABSTRACT

Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has a promising future in the treatment of ocular diseases due to its high efficiency, specificity, and low toxicity in inhibiting the expression of target genes and proteins. However, due to the unique anatomical structure of the eye and various barriers, delivering nucleic acids to the retina remains a significant challenge. In this study, we rationally design PACD, an A-B-C type non-viral vector copolymer composed of a hydrophilic PEG block (A), a siRNA binding block (B) and a pH-responsive block (C). PACDs can self-assemble into nanosized polymeric micelles that compact siRNAs into polyplexes through simple mixing. By evaluating its pH-responsive activity, gene silencing efficiency in retinal cells, intraocular distribution, and anti-angiogenesis therapy in a mouse model of hypoxia-induced angiogenesis, we demonstrate the efficiency and safety of PACD in delivering siRNA in the retina. We are surprised to discover that, the PACD/siRNA polyplexes exhibit remarkable intracellular endosomal escape efficiency, excellent gene silencing, and inhibit retinal angiogenesis. Our study provides design guidance for developing efficient nonviral ocular nucleic acid delivery systems.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 172-178, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the metabolites of Zhideke granules and speculate its metabolic pathway in rats in vivo. METHODS Male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group and administration group (Zhideke granules, 9.45 g/kg); they were given ultrapure water or relevant medicine, twice a day, every 6-8 h, for 3 consecutive days. Serum, urine and feces samples of rats were collected, and their metabolites were identified by UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS technique after intragastric administration of Zhideke granules; their metabolic pathways were speculated. RESULTS After intragastric administration of Zhideke granules, 16 prototype components (i.g. irisflorentin, baicalin, chlorogenic acid) and 11 metabolites (i.g. hydration products of kaempferol or luteolin, methylation products of chlorogenic acid, and hydroxylation products of baicalin) were identified in serum, urine and feces of rats. Among them, 8 prototype components and 4 metabolites were identified in serum samples; 10 prototype components and 7 metabolites were identified in urine samples; 8 prototype components and 5 metabolites were identified in the fecal samples. CONCLUSIONS The metabolites of Zhideke granules in rats mainly include baicalin, irisflorentin,chlorogenic acid, and the main metabolic pathways included methylation, hydroxylation, glucuronidation.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 94-104, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005431

ABSTRACT

Decoction is the most commonly used dosage form in the clinical treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). During boiling, the violent movement of various active ingredients in TCM creates molecular forces such as hydrogen bonding, π-π stacking, hydrophobic interactions and electrostatic interactions, which results in the formation of self-assembled aggregates in decoction (SADs), including particles, gels, fibers, etc. It was found that SADs widely existed in decoction with biological activities superior to both effective monomers and their physical mixtures, providing a new idea to reveal the pharmacodynamic material basis of Chinese herbal medicine from the perspective of component interactions-phase structure. Recently, SADs have become a novel focus of research in TCM. This paper reviewed their relevant studies in recent years and found some issues to be concerned in the research, such as the polydispersity of decoction system, instability of active ingredient interactions during boiling, uncertainty of the aggregates self-assembly rules, and stability, purity, yield of the products. In this regard, some solutions and new ideas were presented for the integrated development and clinical application of SADs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 321-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995438

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the disability status of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in China and to identify the influencing factors of the inflammatory bowel disease disability index (IBD-DI).Methods:From October 1 to December 31, 2021, a total of 1 170 IBD patients were recruited from 7 IBD centers and WeChat public platforms in China. All the patients were surveyed by the IBD-DI questionnaire, which included demographic information, disease activity, medication history, treatment and surgical history. Demographic information included gender, age, income status, etc. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of IBD-DI.Results:Among the 1 170 IBD patients, 746 patients (63.76%) were male and 424 patients (36.24%) were female; there were 871 cases (74.44%) of Crohn′s disease(CD), 277 cases (23.68%) of ulcerative colitis (UC) and 22 cases (1.88%) of inflammatory bowel disease undassified (IBDU). The age was 36.00 years old (29.00 years old, 45.00 years old), and the IBD-DI score was 9.00 (5.00, 15.00). The results of multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the disease activity ( β=0.65, t=22.33, P<0.001), current treatment with enteral nutrition ( β=0.09, t=3.06, P<0.001), and history of perianal surgery ( β=0.06, t=2.12, P=0.034) were influencing factors of IBD-DI in the CD patients. Disease activity ( β=0.65, t=14.37, P<0.001), household per capita annual income ( β=-0.16, t=-3.59, P<0.001), current usage of immunosuppressants ( β=0.12, t=2.66, P=0.008), current treatment with enteral nutrition ( β=0.12, t=2.57, P=0.011), and the duration of each exercise ( β=-0.12, t=-2.67, P=0.008) were influencing factors of IBD-DI in UC patients. Conclusions:Disability is common in Chinese IBD patients, and their IBD-DI were different. Disease activity is the most important factor affecting IBD-DI. The IBD-DI is higher in IBD patients receiving enteral nutrition treatment, CD patients with a history of perianal surgery and UC patients with current usage of immunosuppressants. However, household per capita annual income and the duration of each exercise are negatively correlated with IBD-DI in UC patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 84-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995426

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a worldwide pandemic. During the rapid spread time, it is a great challenge for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who use immunosuppressive drugs from vaccination and drug application. This article is intended to supplement and revise the recommendations of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Group of the Chinese Society of Gastroenterology in 2020 on the "Management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease during epidemic of novel coronavirus pneumonia", mainly including the treatment and vaccination of IBD patients complicated with COVID-19. It is expected to guide clinicians in drug use, vaccination of IBD patients at an appropriate time, also help patients getting through the epidemic period of COVID-19.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3945-3955, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011139

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy has revolutionized the landscape of cancer treatment. However, single immunotherapy only works well in a small subset of patients. Combined immunotherapy with antitumor synergism holds considerable potential to boost the therapeutic outcome. Nevertheless, the synergistic, additive or antagonistic antitumor effects of combined immunotherapies have been rarely explored. Herein, we established a novel combined cancer treatment modality by synergizing p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) silencing with immunogenic phototherapy in engineered extracellular vesicles (EVs) that were fabricated by coating M1 macrophage-derived EVs on the surface of the nano-complex cores assembled with siRNA against PAK4 and a photoactivatable polyethyleneimine. The engineered EVs induced potent PAK4 silencing and robust immunogenic phototherapy, thus contributing to effective antitumor effects in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the antitumor synergism of the combined treatment was quantitatively determined by the CompuSyn method. The combination index (CI) and isobologram results confirmed that there was an antitumor synergism for the combined treatment. Furthermore, the dose reduction index (DRI) showed favorable dose reduction, revealing lower toxicity and higher biocompatibility of the engineered EVs. Collectively, the study presents a synergistically potentiated cancer treatment modality by combining PAK4 silencing with immunogenic phototherapy in engineered EVs, which is promising for boosting the therapeutic outcome of cancer immunotherapy.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 530-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965616

ABSTRACT

Local anesthetic drugs are commonly used to block the conduction function of patient's nerves temporarily for anesthesia during surgery or to provide targeted analgesia after trauma. Compared with general anesthetics, local anesthetics makes less impact on the physiological status and alleviates pain complications in the presence of clear consciousness. However, its clinical application is still limited by its systemic toxicity, as well as toxicity to nerves and muscles, duration of action and lack of penetration. Nanotechnology can help it penetrate the physiological barrier, prolong the time of nerve block, and reduce toxic side effects. In addition, by building a light-responsive release system, local anesthetics can be released on demand, enhancing drug effectiveness and safety. However, in addition to the problems of poor consistency and high production costs, the system of light response release is still limited in application due to the limitation of the depth of penetration of the tissue. According to the current research progress, this paper briefly introduces and analyzes the main dosage forms, hoping to provide new ideas for the responsive release of local anesthetic drugs.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 548-553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964763

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of the ethanol extract and the drug-containing serum of Zhuang medicine Stahlianthus involucratus on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation. METHODS The drug-containing serum or blank serum was obtained by intragastrical administration of ethanol extract of S. involucratus (75.35 g/kg) or purified water. Using RAW264.7 cells as objects, RAW264.7 cells were divided into normal control group, LPS group (1 μg/mL), S. involucratus ethanol extract high-dose, medium-dose and low-dose groups (50, 25, 12.5 μg/mL), 4% or 15% blank serum groups, 4% or 15% blank serum+LPS groups, 4% or 15% drug-containing serum groups, 4% or 15% drug-containing serum+LPS groups. After culturing for 24 h, cell viability, the contents of nitric oxide tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukinand IL-6 as well as mRNA expressions of Toll-like eceptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor κB (NF- κB) and protein expressions of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) were all detected in each group. 0771-4953513。E-mail:zhuhuagx@163.com RESULTS After culturing for 24 h, there was no statisticalsignificance in the difference of cell viability. Compared with normal control group, the contents of NO, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, mRNA expressions of TLR4 and NF-κB, and protein expressions of NOS and COX-2 were increased significantly in LPS group (P<0.05). Compared with 4% or 15% blank serum groups, the levels of above indexes were increased significantly in 4% or 15% blank serum+LPS groups (P<0.05). Compared with LPS group, the levels of above indexes were decreased significantly in S. involucratus ethanol extract groups (P<0.05). Compared with 4% or 15% blank serum+LPS groups, the levels of above indexes were decreased significantly in 4% or 15% drug-containing serum+LPS groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The ethanol extract and the drug-containing serum of S. involucratus can significantly alleviate LPS-induced inflammatory reaction, the mechanism of which may be associated with inhibiting the activity of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway, down-regulating the protein expressions of COX-2 and NOS, and reducing the release of inflammatory factors.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 372-389, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971695

ABSTRACT

In atherosclerosis, chronic inflammatory processes in local diseased areas may lead to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we devised a highly sensitive H2O2-scavenging nano-bionic system loaded with probucol (RPP-PU), to treat atherosclerosis more effectively. The RPP material had high sensitivity to H2O2, and the response sensitivity could be reduced from 40 to 10 μmol/L which was close to the lowest concentration of H2O2 levels of the pathological environment. RPP-PU delayed the release and prolonged the duration of PU in vivo. In Apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE‒/‒) mice, RPP-PU effectively eliminated pathological ROS, reduced the level of lipids and related metabolic enzymes, and significantly decreased the area of vascular plaques and fibers. Our study demonstrated that the H2O2-scavenging nano-bionic system could scavenge the abundant ROS in the atherosclerosis lesion, thereby reducing the oxidative stress for treating atherosclerosis and thus achieve the therapeutic goals with atherosclerosis more desirably.

10.
Intestinal Research ; : 235-243, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976810

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The aim of this study was to analyze the chronological changes in postoperative complications in surgical ulcerative colitis patients over the past decade in China and to investigate the potential parameters that contributed to the changes. @*Methods@#Ulcerative colitis patients who underwent surgery during 2008–2017 were retrospectively enrolled from 13 hospitals in China. Postoperative complications were compared among different operation years. Risk factors for complications were identified by logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#A total of 446 surgical ulcerative colitis patients were analyzed. Fewer short-term complications (24.8% vs. 41.0%, P=0.001) and more laparoscopic surgeries (66.4% vs. 25.0%, P<0.001) were found among patients who received surgery during 2014–2017 than 2008–2013. Logistic regression suggested that independent protective factors against short-term complications were a higher preoperative body mass index (odds ratio [OR], 0.870; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.785–0.964; P=0.008), laparoscopic surgery (OR, 0.391; 95% CI, 0.217–0.705; P=0.002) and elective surgery (OR, 0.213; 95% CI, 0.067–0.675; P=0.009). The chronological decrease in short-term complications was associated with an increase in laparoscopic surgery. @*Conclusions@#Our data revealed a downward trend of short-term postoperative complications among surgical ulcerative colitis patients in China during the past decade, which may be due to the promotion of minimally invasive techniques among Chinese surgeons.

11.
Journal of Stroke ; : 21-40, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915946

ABSTRACT

Hypertriglyceridemia is caused by defects in triglyceride metabolism and generally manifests as abnormally high plasma triglyceride levels. Although the role of hypertriglyceridemia may not draw as much attention as that of plasma cholesterol in stroke, plasma triglycerides, especially nonfasting triglycerides, are thought to be correlated with the risk of ischemic stroke. Hypertriglyceridemia may increase the risk of ischemic stroke by promoting atherosclerosis and thrombosis and increasing blood viscosity. Moreover, hypertriglyceridemia may have some protective effects in patients who have already suffered a stroke via unclear mechanisms. Therefore, further studies are needed to elucidate the role of hypertriglyceridemia in the development and prognosis of ischemic stroke.

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 723-733, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016058

ABSTRACT

Behçet’s syndrome is a kind of chronic systemic vasculitis with involvement of multiple organs. Intestinal involvement of Behçet’s syndrome is presently named as intestinal Behçet’s syndrome (disease). Recently, there is considering another kind of disease type with only typical intestinal ulcers. Since it is difficult to differentiate intestinal Behçet’s syndrome from Crohn’s disease, intestinal tuberculosis, intestinal lymphoma, as well as intestinal manifestations of many other autoimmune diseases, and there is limited evidence for the therapy of intestinal Behçet’s syndrome, proposing diagnosis and treatment recommendations for intestinal Behçet’s syndrome through evidence-based judgment will be of great significance for clinical practice.

13.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 711-716, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016056

ABSTRACT

Background: The efficacy of ustekinumab (UST) in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been affirmed abroad, but its efficacy and safety have not been reported in China due to its short term of use. Aims: To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of UST in the treatment of IBD. Methods: The clinical data of IBD patients treated with UST from November 2020 to June 2022 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 46 patients with IBD treated with UST were enrolled, including 41 patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) and 5 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). At the 8

14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 235-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929563

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of IKZF1 gene deletion in patients with acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) . Methods: The clinical data of 142 patients with B-ALL diagnosed in Nanfang Hospital between March 2016 and September 2019 were analyzed. Results: IKZF1 deletion was found in 36.0% of the 142 patients with B-ALL, whereas exon 4-7 deletion was found in 44.0% . White blood cell counts were higher in patients with the IKZF1 deletion (52.0% and 28.3% , P=0.005) ; these patients also experienced worse effects of mid-term induction therapy (40.0% and 70.7% , P<0.001) and had a higher proportion of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (52.0% and 21.7% , respectively, P<0.001) . Univariate analysis revealed that the 3-year overall survival rate (OS) and event-free survival rate (EFS) in the IKZF1 deletion group were significantly lower than the IKZF1 wild-type group [ (37.1±7.3) % vs (54.7±5.4) % , (51.8±7.9) % vs (73.9±4.7) % ; P=0.025, 0.013, respectively]. Multivariable analysis showed that harboring IKZF1 deletion was an adverse factor of EFS and OS (HR=1.744, 2.036; P=0.022, 0.020, respectively) . Furthermore, the IKZF1 deletion/chemotherapy group had significantly lower 3-year OS, EFS, and disease-free survival rates than other subgroups. In the IKZF1 deletion cohort, allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) significantly improved OS and EFS compared to non-allo-HSCT[ (67.9±10.4) % vs (31.9±11.0) % , (46.6±10.5) % vs (26.7±9.7) % ; P=0.005, 0.026, respectively]. Conclusion: Pediatric-inspired chemotherapy was unable to completely reverse the negative effect of IKZF1 deletion on prognosis. Pediatric-inspired regimen therapy combined with allo-HSCT, in contrast, significantly improved the overall prognosis of IKZF1 deletion B-ALL.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acute Disease , Burkitt Lymphoma , Gene Deletion , Ikaros Transcription Factor/genetics , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Prognosis
15.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 163-172, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929221

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Moxibustion, a common therapy in traditional Chinese medicine, has potential benefits for treating decreased ovarian reserve (DOR). The present study investigates the protective effect of moxibustion in a rat model of DOR and explores the possible mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: control, DOR, moxibustion (MOX), and hormone replacement therapy (HRT). The DOR rat model was established by intragastric administration of 50 mg/kg Tripterygium glycoside suspension (TGS), once daily for 14 days. MOX and HRT treatments were given from the day TGS administration was initiated. The ovarian reserve function was evaluated by monitoring the estrus cycle, morphological changes in ovaries, levels of serum estradiol (E2), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), pregnancy rate and embryo numbers. Terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end-labeling staining was used to identify ovarian granulosa cell apoptosis, while the protein and mRNA expressions of Bax, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (AKT) in ovarian tissues were examined by immunohistochemistry, Western blot and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the DOR group, MOX improved the disordered estrous cycle, promoted follicular growth, reduced the number of atresia follicles, increased the concentrations of serum E2 and AMH, and decreased serum FSH and LH concentrations. More importantly, the pregnancy rate and embryo numbers in DOR rats were both upregulated in the MOX treatment group, compared to the untreated DOR model. Further, we found that the MOX group had reduced apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells, increased Bcl-2 expression and reduced expression of Bax. Furthermore, the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was triggered by the moxibustion treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion improved ovarian function and suppressed apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells in a rat model of DOR induced by TGS, and the mechanism may involve the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Luteinizing Hormone , Moxibustion , Ovarian Reserve , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/genetics
16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1688-1693, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTI VE To optimize the extraction technology of the leaves of Dimocarpus longan according to flavonoids and phenolic acids. METHODS The contents of gallic acid ,protocatechuic acid ,ethyl gallate ,quercetin,luteolin and kaempferol in the leaves of D. longan were determined by HPLC. Based on single factor test ,with the ethanol volume fraction ,solid-liquid ratio and extraction time as factors ,using comprehensive scores of the contents of above six components as indexes ,the extraction technology of the leaves of D. longan was optimized by Box-Behnken response surface methodology. RESULTS The optimal extraction technology included ethanol volume fraction of 100%,solid-liquid ratio of l ∶ 7(g/mL),extraction time of 90 min, extraction temperature of 80 ℃. After 3 times of validation tests ,the average comprehensive score was 97.54(RSD=0.33%,n= 3),relative error of which with predicted score (99.05)was 1.55%. CONCLUSIONS Box-Behnken response surface methodology combined with multi-index comprehensive score can be used for the extraction technology of the leaves of D. longan ,and the optimized extraction technology is stable and feasible.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 649-658, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958348

ABSTRACT

Beh?et′s syndrome is a kind of chronic systemic vasculitis with involvement of multiple organs. Intestinal involvement of Beh?et′s syndrome is presently named as intestinal Beh?et′s syndrome. Recently, there is considering another kind of disease type with only typical intestinal ulcers. Since it is difficult to differentiate intestinal Beh?et′s syndrome from Crohn′s disease, intestinal tuberculosis, intestinal lymphoma, and intestinal manifestations of many other autoimmune diseases, and there is limited evidence for the therapy of intestinal Beh?et′s syndrome, proposing diagnosis and treatment recommendations for intestinal Beh?et′s syndrome through evidence-based judgment will be of great significance for clinical practice.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 660-664, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated neoplasia, including UC-associated dysplasia and ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer (UC-CRC).Methods:From January 2010 to July 2019, the clinical data of 56 patients with UC-associated neoplasia at Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases were retrospectively analyzed. The patients with UC-associated neoplasia were divided into low-grade dysplasia (LGD) group (38 cases) and advanced neoplasia group (18 cases), the advanced neoplasia group included five patients with high-grade dysplasia and 13 patients with UC-CRC. Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test and Fisher′s exact test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The age of patients with UC-associated neoplasia was (47.4±14.7) years old. The main type of lesion was extensive colitis (71.4%, 40/56). There were five patients (8.9%) complicated with colorectal stricture. The disease course of the advanced neoplasia group was longer than that of LGD group (10.5 years, 3.5 years to 14.5 years vs. 2.0 years, 1.0 year to 5.0 years), and the difference was statistically significant ( U=155.000, P=0.001). Four of the 18 patients of the advanced neoplasia group had colorectal stricture, the ratio was higher than that of LGD group (2.6%, 1/38), and the difference was statistically significant (Fisher exact test, P=0.033). In advanced neoplasia group, there were seven patients with multifocal lesions. Among 13 patients with UC-CRC, the lesions of five patients located in rectum, and the pathological type was mainly moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (nine cases). Conclusions:The disease course of patients with advanced neoplasia is longer than that of patients with LGD, and the proportion of patients complicated with colorectal stricture is higher than that of patients with LGD. The proportion of multifocal lesions in patients with advanced neoplasia is higher, and the surveillance of neoplasia in UC patients should be strengthened.

19.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 624-628, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the trend of medication use in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in recent ten years in at Xijing Hospital, Air Force Military Medical University.Methods:From 2010 to 2019, the clinical data of 1 425 patients diagnosed with UC in the Department of Gastroenterology at Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University, were retrospectively collected. According to the period of medication, the UC patients were divided into year 2010 to 2014 group and year 2015 to 2019 group. The general information and the medication trend of year 2010 to 2014 group and year 2015 to 2019 group were analyzed. And then according to gender and age (<40 years old and ≥40 years old), patients were divided into subgroups and analyzed. Independent sample t test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The number of UC patients of year 2010 to 2014 group and year 2015 to 2019 group was 369 and 1 056, respectively. The percentages of patients in remission of the two groups were 9.5% (35/369) and 12.0% (127/1 056), respectively; the percentages of mild patients were 40.4% (149/369) and 41.6% (439/1 056), respectively; the percentages of moderate patients were 37.4% (138/369) and 28.9% (305/1 056), respectively; the percentages of severe patients were 12.7% (47/369) and 17.5% (185/1 056), respectively. There was no significant difference in the proportion of UC patients with different degrees between year 2010 to 2014 group and year 2015 to 2019 group ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the age and proportion of female between the year 2010 to 2014 group and year 2015 to 2019 group ((46.2±15.3) years old vs. (44.6±30.6) years old; 45.8%, 169/369 vs. 44.8%, 473/1 056; both P>0.05). The utilization rates of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), glucocorticoid, immunosuppressants, and biological agents of the year 2015 to 2019 group were all higher than those of the year 2010 to 2014 group (96.8%, 1 022/1 056 vs. 90.0%, 332/369; 29.9%, 316/1 056 vs. 14.6%, 54/369; 8.4%, 89/1 056 vs. 2.4%, 9/369; 4.8%, 51/1 056 vs. 0.5%, 2/369, respectively), and the differences were all statistically significant ( χ2=26.766, 33.256, 15.315 and 14.038, all P<0.01). Within each of the year 2010 to 2014 group and the year 2015 to 2019 group, there were no significant differences between the female and male in the age, utilization rates of 5-ASA, glucocorticoid, immunosuppressants and biological agents ((47.2±13.6) years old vs. (45.3±16.5) years old, (43.1±12.9) years old vs. (45.8±39.5) years old, 88.8%, 150/169 vs. 91.0%, 182/200; 96.8%, 458/473 vs. 96.7%, 564/583; 13.6%, 23/169 vs. 15.5%, 31/200; 28.3%, 134/473 vs. 31.2%, 182/583; 2.4%, 4/169 vs. 2.5%, 5/200; 7.0%, 33/473 vs. 9.6%, 56/583; 0 vs. 1.0%, 2/200; 5.3%, 25/473 vs. 4.5%, 26/583; all P>0.05). In the patients aged≥40 years old of the year 2010 to 2014 group, the proportion of females was higher than that of the patients aged <40 years old (50.2%, 121/241 vs. 37.5%, 48/128), and the utilization rate of 5-ASA in patients aged ≥40 years old was lower than that of patients aged <40 years old (85.9%, 207/241 vs. 97.7%, 125/128), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=5.438 and 12.824, P=0.020 and P<0.01). In the year 2010 to 2014 group, there were no statistically significant differences in the utilization rates of glucocorticoid, immunosuppressants and biological agents between patients aged ≥40 years old and patients aged <40 years old (13.7%, 33/241 vs. 16.4%, 21/128; 2.1%, 5/241 vs. 3.1%, 4/128; 0 vs. 1.6%, 2/128; all P>0.05). In the year 2015 to 2019 group, the utilization rate of biological agents in patients aged≥40 years old was lower than that in patients aged<40 years old (3.7%, 23/630 vs. 46.5%, 198/426), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.721, P=0.030). In the year 2015 to 2019 group, there were no statistically significant differences in female proportion, utilization rates of 5-ASA, glucocorticoid, immunosuppressants and biological agents between patients aged≥40 years old and patients aged <40 years old (43.7%, 275/630 vs. 46.5%, 198/426; 96.0%, 605/630 vs. 97.9%, 417/426; 29.7%, 187/630 vs. 30.3%, 129/426; 8.6%, 54/630 vs. 8.2%, 35/426; all P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with year 2010 to 2014, the number of UC patients remarkably increased in the year 2015 to 2019 in the Department of Gastroenterology, Xijing Hospiatal, Air Force Medical University. The utilization rates of 5-ASA, glucocorticoid, immunosuppressants and biological agents all increased in UC patients. The medication trends of UC patients with different gender were almost the same. The medication trends of UC patients with different age were different.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 127-138, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906525

ABSTRACT

Objective:Chemical constituents in hypoglycemic effective fractions of Longan Folium were isolated and identified by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/electrostatic field orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS) to clarify the hypoglycemic substance basis of Longan Folium. Method:Chemical constituents in hypoglycemic effective fractions of Longan Folium were isolated on a Thermo Hypersil GOLD C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.9 μm), the mobile phase was 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution and 0.1% formic acid solution (containing and 10 mmol ammonium acetate) for gradient elution. HRMS was operated in the positive and negative ion modes with the scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 500. Result:The secondary fragment ion information of target compounds was selected and compared with the compounds reported in the databases and related literature to further confirm these compounds. Nine compounds were identified in the ethanol fraction of Longan Folium, including cynaroside, kaempferol, quercitrin, luteolin, shikimic acid, citric acid, <italic>L</italic>-tyrosine, adenosine and nicotinamide. A total of 11 compounds were determined in the ethyl acetate fraction (cynaroside, quercitrin, kaempferol, luteolin, shikimic acid, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, adenosine, nicotinamide, <italic>L</italic>-phenylalanine and scopoletin), and 10 compounds were identified in the <italic>n</italic>-butanol fraction (cynaroside, kaempferol-3-<italic>O</italic>-rutinoside, kaempferol, astragalin, luteolin, citric acid, gallic acid, adenosine, nicotinamide and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural). And five common compounds were identified in these three hypoglycemic effective fractions. Conclusion:The established UPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS can quickly identify chemical constituents in three hypoglycemic effective fractions of Longan Folium, their main chemical constituents are flavonoids and their glycosides, organic acids and nitrogen-containing compounds, which provides technical support and scientific evidence for the study on pharmacodynamic material basis and quality control of Longan Folium.

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