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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 392-393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994050

ABSTRACT

Urosepsis caused by upper urinary tract stone obstruction is a common critically disease in urology.However, it rarely occurs in the patient who underwent a dialysis with uremia.We report a patient who underwent an implantation of ureteral stent to control the infection, and we saved the patient with perinephric hematoma following the surgery. We removed the stones in the left ureteral through a flexible ureteroscope two month later.The hematoma was completely absorbed 6 months after the implantation of ureteral stent.

2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 81-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations and related risk factors of patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAE) bloodstream infection, and to provide references for clinical diagnosis and treatment of PAE bloodstream infection after combining with bacterial resistance condition. Methods:The clinical data and biological data of all patients with PAE bloodstream infection who received treatment in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2019 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The independent influential factors of PAE bloodstream infection were analyzed using binary logistic regression. Results:Eighty-three patients had PAE bloodstream infection. Among them, 71 patients were included in the final analysis. Among the 71 patients, 36 patients (50.70%) had carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ( CRPA). Univariate analysis showed that the history of hospitalization within 90 days ( χ2 = 3.90, P = 0.048), indwelling catheterization ( χ2 = 5.08, P = 0.024), septic shock ( χ2 = 4.00, P = 0.046), mechanical ventilation ( χ2= 12.35, P < 0.001), deep venous catheter ( χ2 = 4.08, P = 0.043), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation score II ≥ 10 points ( χ2 = 4.06, P = 0.044), and multi-drug resistance ( χ2 = 11.75, P = 0.001) were the suspicious influential factors of CRPA bloodstream infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that mechanical ventilation was an independent risk factor for CRPA bloodstream infection ( OR = 7.43, 95% CI 1.182-46.674, P = 0.032). Multi-drug resistance was an independent risk factor for CRPA bloodstream infection ( OR = 5.842, 95% CI 1.520-22.450, P = 0.010). Conclusion:Mechanical ventilation and multi-drug resistance are the independent influential factors of CRPA bloodstream infection. Invasive operations such as mechanical ventilation should be avoided in the clinic.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 667-673, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between central venous-arterial blood carbon dioxide partial pressure difference (Pcv-aCO 2) and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) in acute myocardial infarction. Methods:Clinical data of patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Fujian Provincial Hospital from November 2019 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. LVEF was measured by bedside echocardiogram. The patients were divided into the normal LVEF group (LVEF ≥ 52%) and decreased LVEF group (LVEF < 52%) according to LVEF. The differences in general information and hemodynamic parameters between the two groups were compared. The normality of the above data was tested by the Jarque-Bera test. Correlation analysis of hemodynamic indices with LVEF was performed. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors associated with the decrease in LVEF. The feasibility of diagnosing LVEF decline with Pcv-aCO 2 was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:Seventy-two patients with acute myocardial infarction were included for analysis, including 25 patients in the normal LVEF group and 47 patients in the decreased LVEF group. Pcv-aCO 2 was significantly higher in the decreased LVEF group than that in the normal LVEF group [(7.13±1.19) mmHg vs. (5.41±1.23) mmHg, P<0.01]. There was a negative correlation between LVEF and Pcv-aCO 2 ( rs= -0.740, P<0.01). The area under the ROC curve for Pcv-aCO 2 was 0.849 (95% CI: 0.758-0.939, P<0.01). The binary logistic regression analysis showed that Pcv-aCO 2 was an independent risk factor for decreased LVEF ( OR=2.251, 95% CI: 1.326-3.820). Conclusions:To a certain extent, the increase of Pcv-aCO 2 can predict the decrease of LVEF in acute myocardial infarction.

4.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 1011-1014, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008160

ABSTRACT

One case with ascites and lower limb edema as the initial manifestations was reported.The echocardiography revealed inferior vena cava and right atrial occupation,which combined with increased alpha fetoprotein and imaging examination,suggested liver malignant tumor combined with tumor thrombus of inferior vena cava and right atrium.After targeted therapy combined with immunotherapy,the tumor shrank and alpha fetoprotein decreased significantly,suggesting that the treatment was effective.The median survival time of the patient was 3 months.This patient had a clear history of cirrhosis due to hepatitis B and was clinically diagnosed with advanced liver cancer,which suggested the importance of early liver cancer screening.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vena Cava, Inferior/pathology , alpha-Fetoproteins , Echocardiography , Heart Atria/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
5.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2427-2434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003837

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo clarify the evolutionary laws of syndromes and syndrome elements at different stages during the malignant transformation of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). MethodsA total of 671 patients with hepatitis B virus infection, who were admitted to the outpatient and inpatient departments of Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and The Fifth Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from July 1st, 2020 to June 30th, 2021, were included, involving 120 cases of CHB, 340 cases of hepatitis B liver cirrhosis (HBLC), 64 cases of precancerous lesions with hepatitis B liver cirrhosis (PLHC), and 147 cases of hepatitis B liver cirrhosis with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A Survey form of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome during malignant transformation of chronic hepatitis B was designed, and the general information, auxiliary examination and the four examinations results were collected. Factor analysis and K-means clustering were used to determine and statistically analyze the syndrome and syndrome elements. ResultsFive traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome types were identified in CHB patients, while there were six TCM syndrome types in HBLC, PLHC and HCC stages. Among CHB patients, the main syndromes were liver constraint and spleen deficiency (53.33%) and liver-gallbladder damp-heat (21.67%), and the dominant syndrome elements were qi stagnation (27.60%), heat (17.71%) and qi deficiency (17.71%). In the HBLC stage, the syndromes were mainly blood stasis obstructing the collaterals (23.83%) and liver constraint and spleen deficiency (22.35%), with dominant syndrome elements being blood stasis (19.25%), dampness (17.46%), and qi deficiency (15.01%). For the PLHC stage, the primary syndrome types were blood stasis obstructing the collaterals (29.68%) and liver-kidney yin deficiency (20.31%), and the leading syndrome elements were blood stasis (22.12%), yin deficiency (15.93%), and qi deficiency (15.04%). In the HCC stage, the syndrome was dominated by blood stasis obstructing the collaterals (33.34%) and liver-kidney yin deficiency (19.73%), with the main syndrome elements being blood stasis (24.52%), yin deficiency (16.09%), and qi deficiency (15.33%). During the progression of CHB to malignancy, there was a gradual decrease in excess syndromes including liver-gallbladder damp-heat and water-dampness internal obstruction from 21.67% to 19.04%. In contrast, deficiency syndromes including liver-kidney yin deficiency and spleen-kidney yang deficiency increased from 15.83% to 31.97%. Additionally, excess syndrome elements including qi stagnation, heat and dampness decreased from 59.89% to 34.48%, while deficiency syndrome elements including qi deficiency, yin deficiency and yang deficiency increased from 32.30% to 41.00%. ConclusionDuring the malignant transformation of CHB, there exists a progression of syndrome and syndrome elements, shifting from qi stagnation, heat and qi deficiency to blood stasis (predominantly excess), dampness and qi deficiency, and then to blood stasis (predominantly deficiency), yin deficiency and qi deficiency, characterized by “deficiency-excess complex, and shift from excess to deficiency”.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1394-1402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009994

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effects of mangiferin combined with bortezomib on the proliferation, invasion, apoptosis and autophagy of human Burkitt lymphoma Raji cells, as well as the expression of CXC chemokine receptors (CXCRs) family, and explore the molecular mechanism between them to provide scientific basis for basic research and clinical work of Burkitt lymphoma.@*METHODS@#Raji cells were intervened with different concentrations of mangiferin and bortezomib alone or in combination, then cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay, cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell chamber method, cell apoptosis was detected by Annexin V/PI double-staining flow cytometry, apoptosis, autophagy and Akt/mTOR pathway protein expression were detected by Western blot, and the expression changes of CXCR family was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR).@*RESULTS@#Different concentrations of mangiferin intervened Raji cells for different time could inhibit cell viability in a concentration- and time-dependent manner (r =-0.682, r =-0.836). When Raji cells were intervened by combination of mangiferin and bortezomib, compared with single drug group, the proliferation and invasion abilities were significantly decreased, while the apoptosis level was significantly increased (P <0.01). Mangiferin combined with bortezomib could significantly up-regulate the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax and down-regulate the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 after intervention in Raji cells. Caspase-3 was also hydrolyzed and activated, and then induced the apoptosis of Raji cells. Mangiferin combined with bortezomib could up-regulate the expression of LC3Ⅱ protein in Raji cells, and the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ in cells was significantly up-regulated compared with single drug or control group (P <0.01). Mangiferin combined with bortezomib could significantly inhibit the phosphorylation levels of Akt and mTOR, inhibit the proliferation and invasion of Raji cells by inhibiting Akt/mTOR pathway, and induce cell autophagy and apoptosis. Mangiferin and bortezomib could down-regulate the expressions of CXCR4 and CXCR7 mRNA after single-agent intervention in Raji cells, and the down-regulations of CXCR4 and CXCR7 mRNA expression were more significant when the two drugs were combined (P <0.01). Mangiferin alone or combined with bortezomib had no significant effect on CXCR5 mRNA expression in Raji cells (P >0.05), while the combination of the two drugs could down-regulate the expression of CXCR3 (P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Mangiferin combined with bortezomib can synergistically inhibit the proliferation and invasion of Raji cells, and induce autophagy and apoptosis. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, down-regulation of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and up-regulation of pro-apoptotic protein Bax, and the inhibition of the expression of CXCR family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Apoptosis/drug effects , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/immunology , Autophagy/immunology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/immunology , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Burkitt Lymphoma/immunology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Receptors, CXCR/immunology , RNA, Messenger , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Xanthones/therapeutic use
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5460-5473, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008743

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish the ultra-performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) fingerprint and multi-indicator quantitative analysis method for Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus(SSF) and to screen out the potential quality markers(Q-markers) of hepatoprotection based on network pharmacology. The similarity analysis was performed using the Chinese Medicine Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System, which showed that the similarity of the fingerprints of 15 samples from different regions ranged from 0.981 to 0.998. Eighteen common components were identified, from which 3 differential components were selected by cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The "component-target-pathway" network was built to predict the core components related to the hepatoprotective effects. Fourteen core components were screened by network pharmacology. They acted on the targets such as AKT1, CCND1, CYP1A1, CYP3A4, MAPK1, MAPK3, NOS2, NQO1, and PTGS2 to regulate the signaling pathways of lipid metabolism and atherosclerosis, hepatitis B, interleukin-17, and tumor necrosis factor. Considering the chemical measurability, characteristics, and validity, schisantherin A, anwulignan, and schisandrin A were identified as the Q-markers. The content of schisantherin A, anwulignan, and schisandrin A in the test samples were 0.20%-0.57%, 0.13%-0.33%, and 0.42%-0.70%, respectively. Combining the fingerprint, network pharmacology, and content determination, this study predicted that schisantherin A, anwulignan, and schisandrin A were the Q-markers for the hepatoprotective effect of SSF. The results can provide reference for improving the quality evaluation standard and exploring the hepatoprotective mechanism of SSF.


Subject(s)
Schisandra/chemistry , Network Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/drug therapy
8.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 11-24, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968805

ABSTRACT

After implantation of a biomaterial, both the host immune system and properties of the material determine the local immune response. Through triggering or modulating the local immune response, materials can be designed towards a desired direction of promoting tissue repair or regeneration. High-throughput sequencing technologies such as single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) emerging as a powerful tool for dissecting the immune micro-environment around biomaterials, have not been fully utilized in the field of soft tissue regeneration. In this review, we first discussed the procedures of foreign body reaction in brief. Then, we summarized the influences that physical and chemical modulation of biomaterials have on cell behaviors in the micro-environment. Finally, we discussed the application of scRNA-seq in probing the scaffold immune micro-environment and provided some reference to designing immunomodulatory biomaterials. The foreign body response consists of a series of biological reactions. Immunomodulatory materials regulate immune cell activation and polarization, mediate divergent local immune micro-environments and possess different tissue engineering functions. The manipulation of physical and chemical properties of scaffolds can modulate local immune responses, resulting in different outcomes of fibrosis or tissue regeneration. With the advancement of technology, emerging techniques such as scRNA-seq provide an unprecedented understanding of immune cell heterogeneity and plasticity in a scaffold-induced immune micro-environment at high resolution. The in-depth understanding of the interaction between scaffolds and the host immune system helps to provide clues for the design of biomaterials to optimize regeneration and promote a pro-regenerative local immune micro-environment.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 312-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960957

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation.METHODS:The retrospective study enrolled 22 cases(26 eyes)of cataract patients who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation from August 2020 to August 2021. Follow-up to 3mo after surgery, the changes of far, intermediate and near visual acuity, aberration, Strehl ratio(SR)and modulation transfer function cutoff(MTF-cutoff)frequency were compared. Defocus curve at 1mo postoperatively was made, and the visual quality and satisfaction were evaluated after 3mo of surgery.RESULTS: The visual acuity of all patients was better than 0.1(LogMAR)at the far, intermediate and near distance at 1d, 1wk, 1 and 3mo postoperatively, and it was significantly improved compared with those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01). The defocus curve transitioned smoothly between +0.5 and -3.0D at 1mo after surgery, and visual acuity was better than 0.63. The total aberration and spherical aberration in the whole eye were significantly lower after surgery than before, and the SR and MTF-cutoff were significantly improved at 1d and 1wk after surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). With high satisfaction and good visual quality, patients could watch at far, intermediate and near distance without wearing glasses at 3mo after surgery.CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery combined with PanOptix trifocal intraocular lens implantation gave patients a comfortable and satisfactory full-course vision.

10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 658-661, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively study medium term follow up outcomes effects of effect of bio-lengthend stem hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of unstable osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#Total of 32 elderly patients with the osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures were treated with bio-lengthend stem hemiarthroplasty from Jan. 2016 to Jan. 2019 including 14 males and 22 females, aged from 85 to 95 years old with an average of (89.5±4.5) years old. According to classification of Evans, there were 12 cases with type Ⅲ, 11 with type Ⅳ and 9 with type Ⅳ. The time from injury to operation ranged from 0.5 to 9 days with an average of (4.5±3.9) days. The operation time, blood loss and postoperative complications were analyzed. Functional outcome was assessed by Parker Palmer mobility score(PPMS) and Harris hip score.@*RESULTS@#Four patients died within one year after operation, and the mortality was 12.5%. The follow up time for the rest 28 patients ranged from 24 to 60 months with an average of (28.5±4.5) months. The mean operative time was (54.2±22.5) min;the mean blood loss (hidden blood loss+obvious blood loss) was (450±140) ml;the first weight bearing was (3.35±1.35) days. No perioperative death occurred. PPMS were(6.63±1.25), (6.94±1.18), (7.11±0.83), (7.32±1.11) and Harris scores were(67.85±6.19), (71.42±5.57), (73.41±5.62), (77.32±5.24) respectively at 1, 3, 6 months and the final follow-up after operation. There were no significant difference in PPMS and Harris score at 1, 3, 6 months after operation and the final follow-up(P>0.05). There were no complications such as joint dislocation and prosthesis loosening occure at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#On the premise of strictly mastering the case selection criteria, the bio-lengthend stem hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of unstable osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients has a satisfied medium term follow-up outcomes. It can restore hip function in the early stage and improve the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hemiarthroplasty , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hip Fractures/surgery , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 771-775, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of auricular thumbtack needle on breast feeding and lactation function in primiparous women with cesarean section, and to explore its mechanism of action from the perspective of lactation-related gene expression.@*METHODS@#One hundred cases of primiparous women with cesarean section were randomly divided into an observation group (50 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (50 cases, 2 cases were eliminated). The patients in the control group were treated with routine obstetric care. Based on the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with auricular thumbtack needle at Neifenmi (CO18), Xiong (AH10), Xiongzhui (AH11), Shenmen (TF4), and Jiaogan (AH6a), etc., with one side of auricular point selected, only once for a total of 3 d. The lactation initiation time, lactation adequacy rate at postpartum 72 h, exclusive breastfeeding rate at postpartum 42 d, and breastfeeding score after treatment were compared between the two groups. Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot method were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression levels of TDP-43, Btn1A1 and XDH.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the lactation initiation time in the observation group was earlier than that in the control group (P<0.01), and breastfeeding score in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01). The lactation adequacy rate at postpartum 72 h was 63.8% (30/47) in the observation group, which was higher than 41.7% (20/48) in the control group (P<0.05). The exclusive breastfeeding rate at postpartum 42 d was 72.3% (34/47) in the observation group, which was higher than 47.9% (23/48) in the control group (P<0.05). The mRNA and protein expression levels of TDP-43 and Btn1A1 in breast milk in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01), while there was no statistically significant difference in mRNA and protein expression of XDH in breast milk between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The auricular thumbtack needle in addition to routine care could promote lactation initiation, improve lactation adequacy rate and exclusive breastfeeding rate in primiparous women with cesarean section, and the action mechanism may be related to up-regulation of TDP-43 and Btn1A1 expression.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Breast Feeding , Cesarean Section , Lactation , Milk, Human , DNA-Binding Proteins
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 85-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of CLEC5A expression level on cell proliferation, migration and invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and explore the role of CLEC5A in the tumorigenesis and progression of HCC.@*METHODS@#The expression level of CLEC5A was detected in 50 pairs of HCC and adjacent tissues using immunohistochemical staining, and its association with clinicopathological parameters of HCC patients was analyzed. Cultured HCC cell line SK-HEP-1 was transfected with a lentiviral vector overexpressing CLEC5A, and the transfection efficiency was verified using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The changes in proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of the transfected cells were analyzed using CCK-8, 5-ethynyl-29-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Transwell assays, and EMT of the cells was determined using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The protein expression level of CLEC5A was significantly lower in HCC tissues than in the adjacent tissues (P < 0.001). The expression level of CLEC5A was significantly correlated with tumor size (P=0.008), tumor number (P=0.010), histological differentiation (P=0.016), microvascular invasion (P=0.024) and BCLC stage (P=0.040). In SK-HEP-1 cells, overexpression of CLEC5A obviously inhibited the cell proliferation, migration and invasion and reversed EMT phenotype of the cells.@*CONCLUSION@#CLEC5A is a potential HCC suppressor gene and may serve as a promising therapeutic target for HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Cell Differentiation , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Lectins, C-Type/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 716-721, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984709

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify and analyze 3D architecture of the mutational sites of susceptible genes in a pedigree with familial hypercholesterolemia-like phenotype (FHLP). Methods: This is a case series study. A pedigree with suspected familial hypercholesterolemia was surveyed. The proband admitted in Beijing Anzhen Hospital in April 2019. Whole-exome sequencing was performed to determine the mutational sites of susceptible genes in the proband. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing was used to verify the pathogenic variant on proband's relatives. The structural and functional changes of the proteins were analyzed and predicted by Discovery Studio 4.0 and PyMol 2.0. Results: The patients in the pedigree showed abnormal lipid profiles, especially elevated levels of total cholesterol(TC). The genetic screening detected the c.1330C>T SNP in the exon 8 of lipase C (LIPC) gene, this mutation leads to an amino acid substitution from arginine to cysteine at position 444 (Arg444Cys), in the proband and proband's father and brother. In this family, members with this mutation exhibited elevated TC, whereas lipid profile was normal from the proband's mother without this mutation. This finding indicated that LIPC: c.1330C>T mutation might be the mutational sites of susceptible genes. The analysis showed that Arg444Cys predominantly affected the ligand-binding property of the protein, but had a limited impact on catalytic function. Conclusion: LIPC: c.1330C>T is a new mutational site of susceptible genes in this FHLP pedigree.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/genetics , Lipase/genetics , Lipids , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype , Proteins
14.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 30-35, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the detecting method and clinical characteristics of anti-nodal/paranodal antibodies in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy.Methods:Serum samples were collected from 212 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy who were admitted to Huashan Hospital of Fudan University or from other clinical centers from January 2018 to July 2021. Autoantibodies (anti-NF155, anti-NF186, anti-CNTN1) and IgG subtypes were detected with cell-based assay. According to the test results, patients were divided into anti-NF155 positive group, anti-NF186 positive group and anti-CNTN1 positive group, clinical characteristics of patients in each group, including limb weakness, superficial sensation and proprioception, tremor, cerebrospinal fluid protein level, brachial plexus magnetic resonance (MRI) were retrospectively analyzed and compared.Results:A total of 23 patients (10.8%,23/212) were positive for anti-NF155 antibody, 12 (5.7%,12/212) for anti-NF186 antibody, and 4 (1.9%,4/212) for anti-CNTN1 antibody. IgG 4 was the predominant subtype in anti-NF155 and anti-CNTN1 groups. In the anti-NF186 group, all cases were IgG positive and antibody subtypes could be detected in 4 cases (4/12). In anti-NF155 group, 23 patients (100%,23/23) had limb weakness and deep sensory disturbance, 19 patients (82.6%,19/23) had superficial sensory disturbance, 22 patients (95.7%,22/23) were symmetrically involved, 18 patients (78.3%,18/23) showed tremor, 19 patients (19/19) showed abnormal in brachial plexus MRI. In anti-NF186 group, 12 patients had limb weakness (12/12), 9 patients (9/12) and 6 patients (6/12) had superficial sensory disturbance and deep sensory disturbance respectively, 8 patients (8/12) were asymmetrically involved, and only 1 patient (1/12) showed tremor, 1 (1/7) showed abnormal brachial plexus MRI. In anti-CNTN1 group, 4 cases showed symmetrical limb weakness and sensory disturbance, 3 patients had tremor, and four patients showed brachial plexus MRI abnormality. There were statistically significant differences in onset age, proprioception, tremor and MRI abnormalities of brachial plexus among the 3 groups ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The clinical characteristics of CIDP patients with anti-NF155, anti-NF186 and anti-CNTN1 antibodies are different. Screening anti-nodal/paranodal antibodies is of great significance for accurate diagnosis and treatment of patients with peripheral neuropathy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 377-383, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences of risk stratification of very high-risk or extreme high-risk atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) and the attainment rates of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) management targets evaluated by three different criteria, and the causal attributions of these differences.Methods:Patients with ASCVD were consecutively enrolled from January 1 to December 31 in 2019, and were evaluated for very high-risk or extreme high-risk and LDL-C goal attainment rates with 2018 American guideline on the management of blood cholesterol (2018AG), 2019 China Cholesterol Education Program (CCEP) Expert Advice for the management of dyslipidemias (2019EA) and 2020 Chinese expert consensus on lipid management of very high-risk ASCVD patients(2020EC), respectively. The causal attributions of the differences in attainment rates were analyzed as well.Results:A total of 1 864 ASCVD patients were included in this study. According to 2018AG, 2019EA and 2020EC, the proportions of the patients with very high-risk or extreme high-risk were 59.4%, 90.7%, and 65.6%, respectively. The absolute LDL-C target attainment rates were 37.2%, 15.7%, and 13.7%, respectively, the differences between each two rates were statistically significant (all P<0.001). As to the differences in attainment rates between 2020EC and 2018AG, 61.5% were due to the different LDL-C goal attainment values and 38.5% were caused by the different risk stratifications, while for the differences between 2020EC and 2019EA attainment rates, different LDL-C goal attainment values were responsible for 13.2%, and different risk stratifications were responsible for 86.8% of the differences. Conclusions:There are significant differences in the proportions and LDL-C attainment rates among the three different criteria for very high-risk or extreme high-risk ASCVD. 2020EC showed a moderate proportion of patients with extreme high-risk, and had the lowest LDL-C attainment rate. The differences between 2020EC and 2018AG are mainly due to the LDL-C target values, and the differences between 2020EC and 2019EA are mainly caused by the risk stratifications.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 251-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930133

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) products could be registered as natural health products (NHPs) in Canada. Its registration process could be mainly divided into simple-application, traditional-application and non-traditional application. By analyzingi the TCM registration evidence system and its safety, effectiveness and quality required by different registration categories in Canada, we found that "simple-application" procesure needs to submit evidence based on the parameters of a component in the monograph. As for "traditional application", TCM products need to be used at least 50 years with, traditional material or Pharmacopoeia can be used as evidence; As for non-traditional application, TCM products need to provide evidence according to the disease risk level, and most of them need to provide scientific experiment evidence. Therefore, from the experience of TCM registration evidence system in Canada, the registration of TCM products should pay attention to improve the its classification method, refining its evidence requirements and data types, promoting the formulation of monograph of TCM, realizing the scientific evaluation and rapid review of classic famous prescriptions, and promoting the inheritance and innovative development of TCM in China.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 132-137, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930109

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the laws, regulations and concre measures of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in Canada, so as to provide reference for TCM products to enter Canada, and for the establishment of TCM regulation system and the improvement of its detailed rules in China. The regulation of TCM in Canadian, on the one hand, supervision is to provide guidance for the protection of consumers' rights and interests, including the guidance of rational drug use and rational purchase for consumers; on the other hand, it is to supervise enterprises, including the safety, effectiveness and quality certification of TCM products, labeling and packaging requirements, as well as the site certification of product manufacturing, packaging, labeling and import. The Ministry of health of Canada takes evidence as the core of evaluation, and ensures the safe and effective use of TCM products in Canada through product and site licensing evaluation. In the supervision of TCM, relevant departments in China should further strengthen the protection of consumers' drug rights and interests, strengthen the construction of TCM registration evidence system, and pay attention to the risk management of drug production quality.

18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 126-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930108

ABSTRACT

By searching for the Canadian Licensed Natural Health Products Database, (LNHPD), this paper analyzed the characteristics and current status of 92 Chinese patent medicines successfully registered and listed in Canada, and found that the enterprises of successfully registered enterprises are mainly located in areas with better development condition of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) such as Beijing, Guangdong and Tianjin; The successfully registered Chinese patent medicines include 64 kinds of single medicine or medicine with single active ingredient (69.6%) and 28 kinds of compound medicine (30.4%), the forms of the dosage are mainly tablets and capsules, which have the characteristics of accuracy in dosage and stable physicochemical properties. There are also granules, solutions, powders and other dosage forms, which can be preserved for a long time and have low requirements on technic and environment. These Chinese patent medicines are mainly used to treat respiratory and circulatory system diseases, some are used to treat urogenital and digestive system diseases, and few are used to treat difficuilt diseases like tumors, diabetes. There are some other health care products. It is suggested to strengthen the connection between domestic standards of TCM registration and international standards, and promote the scientific and technological capacity of relevant enterprises, and encourage enterprises to strengthen international registration of advantageous products, so as to accelerate the speed of international development of TCM in China.

19.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 6-11, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930093

ABSTRACT

Europe occupies an important position in the world herbal medicine market. The registration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in EU is of great significance to the internationalization of TCM. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has designed a relatively complete management system and regulatory guidelines for the registration and supervision of herbal medicinal products. The promulgation of the DIRECTIVE 2004/24/EC (2004 / 24 / EC) indicates that TCM could enter the EU market through simplified registration. Based on the registration conditions, registration authority and document guideines of Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products (THMPs) in EU, this paper analyzes the application requirements of simple registration of traditional herbal products in EU, and provides suggestions for the simplified registration of TCM in EU according to the registration requirements of medicinal history, quality requirements and application data format.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 891-895, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996012

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a set of scientific and reasonable indicator system of common prosperity in the field of health, so as to promote the construction and evaluation of the demonstration area of common prosperity with high quality of health.Methods:According to the requirements of promoting common prosperity demonstration area with high quality of health in Zhejiang province, the initial indicator pool was established through literature research and theoretical analysis in July 2021, and experts were convened to carry out expert brainstorming to determine indicator system in the form of meetings. Delphi method was used to conduct two rounds of expert consultation on the indicator system.Finally, the analytic hierarchy process and percentage weight method were used to calculate the indicator weight value.Results:The final indicator system included 4 first-level indicators and 30 second-level indicators. Among the first-level indicators, the weight values of the development, equilibrium, inclusiveness, and sustainability were 0.326 4, 0.242 8, 0.245 8, and 0.185 0. There were 8 second-level indicators in developmental indicator dimension, of which the indicator with the highest weight was the per capita health expectancy. The balance indicator dimension included 6 second-level indicators, of which the indicator with the highest weight was the per capita financing difference of basic medical insurance between the urban workers with the urban-rural residents. The inclusive indicator dimension included 6 second-level indicators, and the proportion of personal health expenditure to total health expenditure had the highest weight. The sustainability indicator dimension included 10 second-level indicators, and the proportion of government health expenditure in fiscal expenditure had the highest weight.Conclusions:The indicator system constructed in this research could provide certain guidance and reference for promoting the construction of common prosperity in health, and provide some reference for follow-up research in this field.

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