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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 212-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935507

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological, immunophenotypic, and molecular genetic features of bronchial sialadenoma papilliferum (BSP). Methods: Four cases of BSP collected at the Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from May 2018 to June 2021 were retrieved and analyzed. These cases were evaluated for their clinical, histological, immunohistochemical (IHC) and genomic features. The patients were followed up and relevant literature was reviewed. Results: All four patients were male, aged from 55 to 75 years (mean 62 years), with tumor diameter of 6 to 21 mm (mean 13.5 mm), and lesions were located in the left lower lobe (n=2), right lower lobe (n=1), and trachea (n=1). They were characterized by a combination of surface exophytic endobronchial papillary proliferation and an endophytic two-cell layered ductal structure. IHC staining showed that CK7 and EMA were strongly positive in ductal epithelium; p63, p40, CK5/6 were positive in ductal and papillary basal cells; SOX10 was positive in ductal epithelium and basal cells; S-100 was positive in basal cells and ductal epithelium in two cases. Next generation sequencing showed that two cases harbored BRAF V600E mutation. Conclusions: BSP is an extremely rare primary lung tumor arising from the salivary gland under bronchial mucosa. The primary treatment choice of this tumor is complete surgical resection. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of this tumor depend on classic histomorphologic and IHC features, and BRAF V600E gene mutation can be detected.


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Epithelium/pathology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/surgery
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore early-onset gout and related risk factors in Shandong Province, and provide decision-making information on prevention.Methods:Data from electronic medical records and face-to face interview were collected from 8 393 patients with gout who first visited the gout clinic of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from September 2016 to December 2021. Data included demographics, comorbidity and biochemical examinations. The dynamic changes of onset age from 2002 to 2021 were statistically analyzed. The clinical characteristics and related risk factors of patients with early-onset and late-onset gout were statistically analyzed.Results:The age of onset of gout decreased significantly from 2002 to 2021. Compared with 2002, the average age of onset in 2021 decreased by 2.3 years [(41.9±10.6 vs 39.6±14.0) years]. The median age of onset decreased by 3 years in 2012-2021 compared with 2002-2011(37 vs 40 years, P<0.001). The proportion of gout patients with onset age<40 years old increased significantly, from 45.1% in 2002 to 57.8%, and increased by 12.7% in 20 years( P<0.001). The constituent ratios of 20-29 years old group( Ptrend<0.001) and≤19 years old group( Ptrend=0.011) increased by 9.3%( P<0.001) and 4.2%( P=0.002) over 20 years, which was the highest increase among all age groups with onset age<40 years old. Multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis showed that positive family history, blood uric acid level, metabolic syndrome and smoking were independent risk factors for early onset of gout. Conclusion:The age of gout onset in tends to be younger. The increase of the proportion of patients younger than 30 years old is probably the key factor leading to the early-onset gout in Shandong Province. Early and effective intervention on the risk factors related to early-onset gout is essential to prevent the early-onset gout as well as to reduce the prevalence of gout and complications.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931620

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of acute dyspnea.Methods:Sixty-four patients with acute dyspnea who received treatment in Jincheng General Hospital from January 2020 to January 2021 were included in this study. These patients underwent bedside lung ultrasound, chest X-ray examination, and CT scan. The value of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of lung consolidation, pleurisy, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema was analyzed.Results:The diagnostic rate of lung consolidation, pleurisy, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema by bedside lung ultrasound was 34.4% (22/64), 64.1% (41/64), 67.2% (43/64), and 57.8% (37/64), respectively, which was slightly, but not significantly, different from that by chest CT scans [42.2% (27/64), 57.8% (37/64), 64.1% (41/64), 68.8% (44/64), all P > 0.05]. The diagnostic rate of lung consolidation, pleurisy, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema by bedside lung ultrasound was significantly higher than that by chest X-ray examination [17.2% (11/64), 26.6% (17/64), 34.4% (22/64), 37.5% (37/64), χ2 = 4.94, 18.16, 13.78, 5.293, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Bedside lung ultrasound can help diagnose and screen patients with acute dyspnea quickly, accurately, and timely. Bedside lung ultrasound has a higher rate in the diagnosis of lung consolidation, pleurisy, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema than chest X-ray examination, which is worthy of clinical application.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2027-2033, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942655

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of action of integrin α4 (ITGA4) in liver fibrosis based on the anti-liver fibrosis effect of sticky sugar amino acid (SSAA) in rats. Methods A rat model of liver fibrosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of CCl 4 , and then colchicine and low-, middle-, and high-dose SSAA were used for intervention, with blank control group and SSAA group as control. After 12 weeks of experimental intervention, serum and liver samples were collected to measure the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and HE staining and Sirius Red staining were used to observe the pathological conditions of liver tissue; quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the transcriptional level of ITGA4, integrin β1 (ITGB1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and TIMP2 in liver tissue; Western blot was used to measure the relative protein expression levels of ITGA4, ITGB1, TGFβ1, α-SMA, MMP2, TIMP1, and TIMP2; immunohistochemistry was used to observe the protein expression of TGFβ1 and α-SMA. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for comparison between two groups. Results There were significant increases in AST and ALT in the CCl 4 model group, and intervention with colchicine or low-, middle-, and high-dose SSAA reduced the levels of AST and ALT, with a significant difference between the CCl 4 model group and the other groups (all P < 0.05). HE staining and Sirius Red staining showed disordered structure of hepatic lobules and an increase in collagen fibers in the CCl 4 model group, and the structure of hepatic lobules was improved after intervention with colchicine or low-, middle-, and high-dose SSAA. The CCl 4 model group had significantly higher transcriptional levels of ITGA4, TGFβ1, α-SMA, and TIMP2 than the other groups, and there were significant reductions in the transcriptional levels of each factor after intervention with colchicine or SSAA, with a significant difference between the CCl 4 model group and the other groups (all P < 0.05). The CCl 4 model group had significantly higher protein expression levels of ITGA4, TGFβ1, α-SMA, TIMP2, and TIMP1 and a significantly lower protein expression level of MMP2 than the other groups, and intervention with colchicine or SSAA inhibited the expression of ITGA4, TGFβ1, α-SMA, TIMP2, and TIMP1 and promoted the expression of MMP2. Immunohistochemistry showed that the CCl 4 model group had significantly higher expression levels of TGFβ1 and α-SMA than the other groups, which was inhibited by intervention with colchicine or SSAA. The high-dose SSAA group had the most significant effect in reducing aminotransferases, improving lobular structure, and inhibiting the protein expression of liver fibrosis factors. Conclusion The high expression of ITGA4 in the liver is associated with the development of liver fibrosis, which is consistent with the increases in the expression of TGFβ1 and α-SMA. Inhibiting the expression of ITGA4 can provide more therapeutic targets for liver fibrosis and expand the anti-liver fibrosis mechanism of SSAA.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939714

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy and prognosis of cladribine (2-CdA) combined with cytarabine (Ara-C) regimen in the treatment of relapsed refractory Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) in children.@*METHODS@#Nine patients with relapsed refractory LCH treated with the 2-CdA combined with Ara-C regimen in the Department of Hematology and Oncology of Wuhan Children's Hospital from July 2014 to February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the efficacy and disease status were evaluated according to the Histiocyte Society Evaluation and Treatment Guidelines (2009) and the Disease Activity Score (DAS), the drug toxicity were evaluated according to the World Health Organization(WHO) grading criteria for chemotherapy. All patients were followed up for survival status and disease-related sequelae.@*RESULTS@#Before the treatment combining 2-CdA and Ara-C, 7 of 9 patients were evaluated as active disease worse (ADW), and 2 as active disease stable (ADS) with a median disease activity score of 8 (4-15). Of 9 patients, 6 cases achieved non active disease (NAD) and 3 achieved active disease better (ADB) with a median disease activity score of 0 (0 to 5) after 2-6 courses of therapy. All 9 patients experienced WHO grade IV hematologic toxicity and 3 patients had hepatobiliary adverse effects (WHO grade I~II) after treatment. The median follow-up time was 31(1 to 50) months with all 9 patients survived, 3 of the 9 patients experienced sequelae to the disease with 2 combined liver cirrhosis as well as cholestatic hepatitis and 1 with oral desmopressin acetate tablets for diabetes insipidus.@*CONCLUSION@#2-CdA combined with Ara-C is an effective regimen for the treatment of recurrent refractory LCH in children, and the main adverse effect is hematologic toxicity, which is mostly tolerated in children. Early treatment with this regimen may be considered for patients with multisystem LCH with risky organ involvement who have failed first-line therapy and for patients with relapse.


Subject(s)
Child , Cladribine/adverse effects , Cytarabine , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/drug therapy , Humans , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of intestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children and futher evaluate the occurring risk factors.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 136 patients undergoing allo-HSCT in Wuhan Children's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College from August 2016 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, clinical characteristics of children with intestinal aGVHD were observed. The risk factors of intestinal aGVHD were assessed by logistic regression while cumulative survival were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#Among 136 patients intestinal aGVHD occurred in 24 (17.6%) cases, with 4 cases of grade II, 20 cases of grade III-IV, and the median occurrence time was 28(10-63) days. The clinical manifestations were diarrhea with intermittent abdominal pain, 17 cases with nausea and vomiting, 11 cases with fresh bloody stool, and 8 cases with skin rash before intestinal aGVHD. The average time for treatment was 33(11-100) days. 18 cases received electronic colonoscopy and histopathology examination. 20 out of 24 cases achieved remission after treatment, and the total effective rate was 83.3%. Finally, 9 out of 24 cases died during the follow-up time. Survival analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate of patients with intestinal aGVHD (15/24, 62.5%) were significantly lower than those without intestinal aGVHD (101/112, 90.2%) (Log-rank test, P=0.001). Univariate analysis showed that recipient age, sex, primary disease, donor age, donor sex, donor-recipient blood type, conditioning regimen, prophylaxis of GVHD, dosage of ATG, engraft time of blood platelet and neutrophils, and number of MNC/CD34+ were not risk factors for intestinal aGVHD (P>0.05). Only the type of HSCT (χ2=16.020, P=0.001) and matched degree of HLA (χ2=15.502, P=0.001) had statistical significance with intestinal aGVHD (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that only HLA-mismatched unrelated donor was the risk factor for intestinal aGVHD for children (P=0.014,OR=16,95%CI 1.735-147.543).@*CONCLUSION@#Intestinal aGVHD is a risk factor for cumulative survial of patients who received allo-HSCT in children and HLA-mismatched unrelated donor is its independent risk factor.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Child , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tissue Donors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression(IPC) combined with 3M thermometer on the prevention of deep venous thrombosis(DVT) in patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to August 2019, 127 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures who underwent proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups according to different methods of thrombus prevention and treatment. Among them, 63 patients in group A did not use IPC and 3M thermometer;64 cases in group B were treated with IPC combined with 3M thermometer. Color Doppler ultrasound was used to dynamically monitor the DVT and changes of lower limbs during perioperative period. The venous thrombosis of lower limbs was monitored at 0, 24, 72 h and > 72 h after operation(recheck every 3 days until discharge).@*RESULTS@#Occurrence of DVT of lower limbs after PFNA operation in two groups:there were 5 cases (7.8%) in group B and 20 cases (31.7%) in group A, there was significant difference between two groups (P=0.001). There was no significant difference in lower limb DVT between two groups at 0, 72 and > 72 h after operation(P>0.05), but the formation rate of group A was significantly higher than that of group B at 24 h after operation (P=0.049). There was no significant difference in DVT formation between group A and group B(P>0.05). However, the formation of DVT in group A was significantly higher than that in group B(P=0.012).@*CONCLUSION@#Intraoperative IPC combined with 3M thermostat can effectively prevent DVT of lower limbs in patients undergoing PFNA surgery.


Subject(s)
Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Lower Extremity/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928051

ABSTRACT

In this study, we employed Q Exactive to determine the main differential metabolites of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex du-ring the "sweating" process. Further, we quantified the color parameters and determined the activities of polyphenol oxidase(PPO), peroxidase(POD), and tyrosinase of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Gray correlation analysis was performed for the color, chemical composition, and enzyme activity to reveal the effect of enzymatic reaction on the color of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex sweating in different manners showed similar metabolite changes. The primary metabolites that changed significantly included amino acids, nucleotides, and sugars, and the secondary metabolites with significant changes were phenols and phenylpropanoids. Despite the different sweating methods, eleven compounds were commonly up-regulated, including L-glutamic acid, acetylarginine, hypoxanthine, and xanthine; six compounds were commonly down-re-gulated, including L-arginine, L-aspartic acid, and phenylalanine. The brightness value(L~*), red-green value(a~*), and yellow-blue value(b~*) of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex kept decreasing during the "sweating" process. The changes in the activities of PPO and POD during sweating were consistent with those in the color parameter values. The gray correlation analysis demonstrated that the main differential metabolites such as amino acids and phenols were closely related to the color parameters L~*, a~* and b~*; POD was correlated with amino acids and phenols; PPO had strong correlation with phenols. The results indicated that the color change of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating" was closely related to the reactions of enzymes dominated by PPO and POD. The study analyzed the correlations among the main differential metabolites, color parameters, and enzyme activities of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex in the "sweating" process. It reveals the common law of material changes and ascertains the relationship between color changes and enzymatic reactions of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating". Therefore, this study provides a reference for studying the "sweating" mechanism of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and is of great significance to guarantee the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Magnolia/chemistry , Quality Control , Sweating
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924022

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between follow-up service, personal characteristics, lifestyle and blood sugar management of diabetic patients in Gansu Province, and put forward scientific suggestions on influencing blood sugar management of diabetic patients. Methods Based on the data of the 6th National Health Service Questionnaire, 273 subjects were included. Chi-square test and unconditional logistic regression were used to analyze the blood glucose control and its influencing factors of diabetic patients. Results A total of 39.56% patients' blood sugar status was well controlled. 76.92% patients signed up for family doctor service, and 77.66% patients took hypoglycemic drugs according to the law of doctor's advice. There were significant differences in blood sugar control among patients in different regions, educational levels and occupational types (P <0.05) , logistic regression analysis showed that Hui patients (OR=0.21), doctors without family contract (OR=2.86) and patients taking hypoglycemic drugs intermittently (OR = 6.58). Conclusion The blood sugar control rate of diabetic patients in Gansu is low, and the nationality, contracted family doctors and medication plan affect the blood sugar control level of patients. In order to ensure the high efficiency of follow-up treatment, the related follow-up services provided by primary medical institutions, it is necessary to provide self-management programs that meet the individual characteristics and meet the needs of the disease.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2378-2387, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937030

ABSTRACT

Rhein is an anthraquinone compound extracted from rhubarb, aloe vera, Polygonum multiflorum. In this study, we screened the potential targets of rhein through protein chip technology and investigated the underlying mechanism of its inhibition of colorectal cancer. Colony formation assay and scratch assay were used to examine the effect of rhein on the proliferation and migration abilities of HCT116 cell; KEGG and protein interaction analyses of rhein specific binding proteins by screening rhein binding proteins using protein chip; qRT-PCR and Western blot assays were used to determine the effect of rhein on the expression levels of BCL-2-associated X protein (BAX), B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) and argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1) in HCT116 cell. The antitumor effect of rhein was verified by azoxymethane combined with dextran sodium sulfate (AOM/DSS) induced colorectal cancer model. Experimental animal procedures were performed in accordance with animal welfare and the standards of the Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of South China Agricultural University, with approval from the ethics committee. In vivo and in vitro results indicate that rhein specific binding proteins are mainly involved in amino acid anabolism, especially the arginine anabolic signaling pathway. Rhein inhibited the proliferation and migration of HCT116 cell in a concentration-dependent manner. Treated with rhein for 24 h significantly enhanced the expression of BAX and ASS1 in HCT116 cells, as well as the level of nitric oxide (NO) metabolism. In a mouse model of colorectal cancer, rhein significantly alleviated AOM/DSS induced weight loss and reduced fecal occult blood score. Meanwhile, rhein enhanced BAX and ASS1 expression in colon tumor tissue, as well as increased arginine and NO in serum. IHC and HE stain indicated that rhein alleviated Ki67 expression and macrophage infiltration in the colonic tissue of mice with AOM/DSS and delayed tumor formation. In conclusion, rhein can exert antitumor activity by regulating arginine and NO metabolism through ASS1.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873605

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the etiologies, operation techniques and outcomes of redo aortic root replacement after cardiac surgery. Methods    Between December 2013 and December 2019, 30 patients who had at least one previous cardiac operation received aortic root replacement in our hospital, including 20 males and 10 females with an average age of 50.4±12.7 years. The mean time interval between this operation and the previous one was 8.0±8.5 years. The principal indication for surgery was aortic sinus dilatation and ascending aortic aneurysm in 14 patients (47%), acute aortic dissection in 5 patients (17%), pseudoaneurysm in 3 patients (10%), prosthetic valve endocarditis in 4 patients (13%), prosthetic leakage in 4 patients (13%). Bentall procedure was used in all 30 patients, with concomitant mitral valve plasticity or replacement in 5 patients, tricuspid valve plasticity in 6 patients, coronary artery bypass grafting in 3 patients, and total aortic arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure in 2 patients. Results    The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 96-296 (161.3±43.0) min, and the mean aortic occlusion time was 48-117 (85.7±20.4) min. There were 5 in-hospital deaths with an overall in-hospital mortality of 17%. The causes of deaths were low cardiac output syndrome in 2 patients and septic shock in 3 patients. The follow-up time was 3-75 (33.5±21.1) months. Three patients died during the follow-up, 1 patient died of septic shock and 2 died of cerebral hemorrhage. Conclusion    Redo aortic root replacement is difficult to deal with, and the risk is high. Preoperative evaluation is required, appropriate surgical approach, adequate myocardial protection, and a complete surgical plan are essential to ensure the success of the operation.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 216-220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862574

ABSTRACT

Congenital non-hemolytic jaundice is an important type of jaundice diseases, and except breast milk jaundice, the other types of this disease are relatively rare in clinical practice. Most of them belong to genetic and metabolic liver diseases, including Gilbert syndrome, Crigler-Najjar syndrome, and Lucey-Driscoll syndrome with an increase in unconjugated bilirubin and Dubin-Johnson syndrome and Rotor syndrome with an increase in conjugated bilirubin. With reference to the recent literature in China and foreign countries, this article reviews the pathogenesis, genetic characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and differential diagnosis of six types of hereditary congenital unconjugated jaundice.

13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 953-962, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921300

ABSTRACT

Nicotine is the main addictive component in cigarettes that motivates dependence on tobacco use for smokers and makes it difficult to quit through regulating a variety of neurotransmitter release and receptor activations in the brain. Even though nicotine has an analgesic effect, clinical studies demonstrated that nicotine abstinence reduces pain threshold and increases pain sensitivity in smoking individuals. The demand for opioid analgesics in nicotine abstinent patients undergoing surgery has greatly increased, which results in many side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression, etc. In addition, these side effects would hinder patients' physical and psychological recovery. Therefore, identifying the neural mechanism of the increase of pain sensitivity induced by nicotine abstinence and deriving a way to cope with the increased demand for postoperative analgesics would have enormous basic and clinical implications. In this review, we first discussed different experimental pain stimuli (e.g., cold, heat, and mechanical pain)-induced pain sensitivity changes after a period of nicotine dependence/abstinence from both animal and human studies. Then, we summarized the effects of the brain neurotransmitter release (e.g., serotonin, norepinephrine, endogenous opioids, dopamine, and γ-aminobutyric acid) and their corresponding receptor activation changes after nicotine abstinence on pain sensitivity. Finally, we discussed the limits in recent studies. We proposed that more attention should be paid to human studies, especially studies among chronic pain patients, and functional magnetic resonance imaging might be a useful tool to reveal the mechanisms of abstinence-induced pain sensitivity changes. Besides, considering the influence of duration of nicotine dependence/abstinence and gender on pain sensitivity, we proposed that the effects of nicotine abstinence and individual differences (e.g., duration of abstinence from smoking, chronic/acute abstinence, and gender) on abstinence-induced pain sensitivity should be fully considered in formulating pain treatment protocols. In summary, this paper could deepen our understanding of nicotine abstinence-induced pain sensitivity changes and its underlying neural mechanism, and could also provide effective scientific theories to guide clinical pain diagnosis and treatment, which has important clinical significance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Nicotine/adverse effects , Pain , Pain Threshold , Smoking Cessation , Tobacco Use Disorder
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913067

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the management of imported malaria in the city. Methods All data pertaining to cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China, including individual demographic data, and malaria onset, initial diagnosis and definitive diagnosis data. All data were descriptively analyzed. The duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis, from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis and from onset to definitive diagnosis was compared among cases. In addition, the diagnoses of imported malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made were compared with the reexaminations by Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Results A total of 302 cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria were reported in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and all were imported cases, with Plasmodium falciparum malaria as the predominant type (230 cases, 76.2%). There were 293 malaria cases imported from Africa (293 cases, 97.0%), which mainly included Nigeria (48 cases, 15.9%), Angola (40 cases, 13.2%), and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (29 cases, 9.6%). There was no obvious seasonality found in the date of malaria onset and time of reporting malaria. The ratio of male to female malaria cases was 49.3:1, and there were 103 cases (34.1%) with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City, 193 cases (63.9%) with the current residency address in other cities of Henan Province and 6 cases (2.0%) in other provinces of China. There were 271 cases (89.7%) seeking initial diagnosis in medical institutions, and the diagnostic accuracy of malaria was 56.6% (171/302) at initial diagnosis institutions. A total of 122 cases (40.4%) sought medical care on the day of malaria onset, and 252 cases (86.4%) within 3 days; however, only 22 cases (7.3%) were definitively diagnosed on the day of onset, and 162 cases (53.6%) diagnosed within 3 days. There were no significant differences between malaria cases seeking initial diagnosis at medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions in terms of the duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis (Z = −1.663, P > 0.05), from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.413, P > 0.05) or from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.838, P > 0.05). The median duration (interquartile range) from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was 3.00 (2.00), 3.00 (6.00), 2.00 (4.00) d and 1.00 (1.00) d among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower, county-, city- and province-level medical institutions, and the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was significantly longer among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower medical institutions than at city (Z = −3.286, P < 0.008 33) and province-level medical institutions (Z = −9.119, P < 0.008 33), while the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis [1.00 (3.00) d vs. 2.00 (4.00) d; Z = −4.099, P < 0.016] and from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis [3.00 (4.00) d vs. 4.00 (5.00) d; Z = −2.868, P < 0.016] among malaria cases with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City was both shorter than in other cities of Henan Province. The diagnostic accuracy was 89.1% (269/302) among malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made, and the accuracy of malaria reexaminations was 94.0% (284/302) in Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Conclusions P. falciparum malaria was predominant among reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and these imported malaria cases were predominantly diagnosed at medical institutions; however, the diagnostic capability of malaria is poor in township-level and lower medical institutions. Strengthening the collaboration between medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions and improving the diagnostic capability building at medical institutions are recommended to consolidate malaria elimination achivements.

15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 644-648, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888748

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused global public health and economic crises. Thus, new therapeutic strategies and effective vaccines are urgently needed to cope with this severe pandemic. The development of a broadly neutralizing antibody against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is one of the attractive treatment strategies for COVID-19. Currently, the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the spike (S) protein is the main target of neutralizing antibodies when SARS-CoV-2 enters human cells through an interaction between the S protein and the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 expressed on various human cells. A single monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment is prone to selective pressure due to increased possibility of targeted epitope mutation, leading to viral escape. In addition, the antibody-dependent enhancement effect is a potential risk of enhancing the viral infection. These risks can be reduced using multiple mAbs that target nonoverlapping epitopes. Thus, a cocktail therapy combining two or more antibodies that recognize different regions of the viral surface may be the most effective therapeutic strategy.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1257-1261, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the long-term efficacy of cyclosporine (CsA) in the treatment of non-severe aplastic anemia (NSAA) in children, and explore the early significant indicators.@*METHODS@#Data of 36 NSAA children in Department of Hematological Oncology, Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2013 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. All the children received oral CsA immunosuppressive therapy, and CsA trough concentration was checked to maintain at the rage of 200-250 μg/L after 2 weeks. The evaluation time points were at 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months, and assessment items were peripheral white blood cell differential count and reticulocyte's percentage and count.@*RESULTS@#The 36 NSAA cases were composed of 16 males and 20 females, whose median age was 5.46 (2.92-7.99) years old, and median follow-up time was 28.00 (10.00-38.25) months. After taking oral CsA for 24 months, the number of cumulative effective cases was 21. There were 4 cases of complete remission (CR), 17 cases of partial remission (PR), and 15 cases of non-remission (NR). The total effective rate was 58.33%, and median effect-acting time of CsA was 3.0 (0.5-10.0) months. Compared with ineffective group, neutrophil (NEU) and red blood cell (RBC) of effective group (CR+PR) began to increase significantly at the 3rd month, and hemoglobin (Hb), platelet (PLT) and white blood cell (WBC) increase significantly at the 6th month after oral CsA administration (P<0.05). Except for 2 cases who received component transfusion within 3-12 months after taking oral CsA for 3 months in effective group, the others did not need.@*CONCLUSION@#The overall effective rate of oral CsA in children with NSAA was 58.33%. Stopping blood transfusion after the 3 months of treatment may be considered as a turning point for disease outcomes, and levels of NEU, RBC at the 3rd month and Hb, PLT, WBC at the 6th month as indicators for predicting disease prognosis.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Child , Child, Preschool , Cyclosporine , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the results and methods of surgical treatment for type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta.Methods:9 patients underwent surgical treatment for type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta between January 2017 and December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 2 females, mean age of (41.6±9.2) years. Acute dissection were 2 cases, and chronic dissection were 7 cases. Preoerative computed tomography was used to diagnose the dissection and evaluate the true lumen of the descending aorta. This procedure was done in all patients via a median sternotomy under hypothermic CPB with SCP. 4-branched prosthetic graft was used to replace the ascending aorta and aortic arch. The procedures involving the descending aorta: Hybrid surgery using TEVAR. Distal intimal flap fenestration. Implanting the intraoperative stent-graft or prosthetic graft at false lumen for second-step operation.Results:There was no in-hospital mortality. Stroke, Spinal cord, visceral ischemia and lower limbs malfunction were not observed. Reintervention was not found in case with acute dissection during follow-up. One patient who reveived fenestration underwent TEVAR, others with chronic dissection underwent thoracoabdominal aortic replacement 3 months after surgery.Conclusion:Hybrid or staged procedures was a suitable alternative to patients with type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of delineating subvolume target in radiotherapy for brain tumors using Gd-based contrast clearance difference.Methods:Twenty-six patients with malignant brain tumors were scanned with MRI. The first and second acquisitions of standard T 2-weighted images (T 2WI) and T 1-weighted images (T 1WI) were performed at 5 min and 60 min after injection of contrast agent. Delayed contrast extravasation (DCEM) MRI computed by Brainlab comprised regions of contrast agent clearance representing active tumors and regions of contrast accumulation representing non-tumor tissues. Based on T 2WI images, 14 patients with liquefaction necrosis were divided into group A, and 12 patients without liquefaction necrosis into group B, respectively. Then, gross target volume (GTV) was delineated on T 1WI images. Based on the GTV, active tumor (GTV tumor) and non-tumor regions (GTV non-tumor) were delineated on T 1WI-DCEM fusion images, while liquefaction necrosis (GTV liquefaction) and non-liquefaction (GTV non-liquefaction) were delineated on T 1-T 2WI fusion images. Finally, the differences between different subvolumes were compared by paired t-test. Results:In group A, the GTV non-liquefaction and GTV liquefaction were (13.65±18.15) cm 3 and (6.30±7.57) cm 3. The GTV tumor was (10.40±13.52) cm 3 and the GTV non-tumor was (9.55±14.57) cm 3. The GTV non-liquefaction was significantly increased by 16.3% on average compared with the GTV tumor ( P<0.05). The GTV non-tumor was significantly increased by 16.3% on average compared with the GTV liquefaction ( P<0.05). In group B, The GTV non-tumor was significantly reduced by 68.8% on average compared with the GTV tumor ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with T 2WI, DCEM has advantages in identifying the liquefaction area and can clearly differentiate the subvolume of active tumors from non-liquefaction necrosis. DCEM provides evidence for guiding the delineation of subvolume in primary and metastatic brain tumors.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR)-guided stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for non-small cell lung cancer, and analyze the dosimetric differences in the presence or absence of magnetic field.Methods:Three patients with non-small cell lung cancer were prospectively treated with MR-guided linac (MR linac) for SBRT, and the dose was calculated with or without magnetic field models. The differences of dose distribution with or without magnetic field models were compared. At the same time, the target coverage, plan pass rate and treatment time were described, and the complexity of the conventional accelerator backup plan and the magnetic field model were compared.Results:The treatment time of 3 patients was (36.67±6.11) min, and the average time of online adaptive planning was (14.4±1.7) min, which was basically tolerated by patients. The treatment plan pass rate (3%/3 mm) was 98.9%, the Gamma pass rate (3%/3 mm) of the online plan during treatment was 98.5% and the target coverage was 99.1%, which met the clinical needs. The dose in the low dose area of the lung was slightly lower than that in the case without magnetic field, whereas the dose in ribs and skin was slightly higher than that in the plan without magnetic field. The number of machine unit (MU) for online adaptive plan was slightly higher than that of the reference plan, and the number of MU for the conventional accelerator standby treatment plan was significantly lower than that of the MR linac plan under the same target coverage. The follow-up results showed that there was no adverse reaction, and the short-term efficacy was partially relieved.Conclusions:In the case of considering the influence of magnetic field, the treatment plan meeting the clinical needs can be obtained. It is proven that SBRT radiotherapy for lung cancer guided by magnetic resonance accelerator is feasible, whereas the treatment time and process are complex.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910810

ABSTRACT

Amino acid tracer O-(2-[ 18F]fluoroethyl)- L-tyrosine ( 18F-FET) PET plays a pivotal role in the clinical management of gliomas. In this article, the application of 18F-FET PET in tumor diagnosis and differentiation with other diseases, treatment guidance, treatment response assessment and prognosis prediction of gliomas are reviewed.

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