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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 619-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984694

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in the risk stratification of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods: HCM patients who underwent CMR examination in Fuwai Hospital between March 2012 and May 2013 were retrospectively enrolled. Baseline clinical and CMR data were collected and patient follow-up was performed using telephone contact and medical record. The primary composite endpoint was sudden cardiac death (SCD) or and equivalent event. The secondary composite endpoint was all-cause death and heart transplant. Patients were divided into SCD and non-SCD groups. Cox regression was used to explore risk factors of adverse events. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the performance and the optimal cut-off of late gadolinium enhancement percentage (LGE%) for the prediction of endpoints. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests were used to compare survival differences between groups. Results: A total of 442 patients were enrolled. Mean age was (48.5±12.4) years and 143(32.4%) were female. At (7.6±2.5) years of follow-up, 30 (6.8%) patients met the primary endpoint including 23 SCD and 7 SCD equivalent events, and 36 (8.1%) patients met the secondary endpoint including 33 all-cause death and 3 heart transplant. In multivariate Cox regression, syncope(HR=4.531, 95%CI 2.033-10.099, P<0.001), LGE% (HR=1.075, 95%CI 1.032-1.120, P=0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (HR=0.956, 95%CI 0.923-0.991, P=0.013) were independent risk factors for primary endpoint; Age (HR=1.032, 95%CI 1.001-1.064, P=0.046), atrial fibrillation (HR=2.977, 95%CI 1.446-6.131, P=0.003),LGE% (HR=1.075, 95%CI 1.035-1.116, P<0.001) and LVEF (HR=0.968, 95%CI 0.937-1.000, P=0.047) were independent risk factors for secondary endpoint. ROC curve showed the optimal LGE% cut-offs were 5.1% and 5.8% for the prediction of primary and secondary endpoint, respectively. Patients were further divided into LGE%=0, 0<LGE%<5%, 5%≤LGE%<15% and LGE%≥15% groups. There were significant survival differences between these 4 groups whether for primary endpoint or secondary endpoint (all P<0.001) and the accumulated incidence of primary endpoint was 1.2% (2/161), 2.2% (2/89), 10.5% (16/152) and 25.0% (10/40), respectively. Conclusion: LGE is an independent risk factor for SCD events as well as all-cause death and heart transplant. LGE is of important value in the risk stratification in patients with HCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Male , Contrast Media , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Gadolinium , Ventricular Function, Left , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Risk Assessment
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 790-796, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993008

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of silent MR angiography (MRA) in imaging of brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM) in children.Methods:A total of 20 children with BAVM confirmed by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were retrospectively collected. All children were imaged by silent MRA and time-of-flight MRA (TOF MRA) in the same examination. The image quality of feeding artery, nidus and drainage vein of BAVM was evaluated using the four-point method. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was utilized to compare the image quality scores between silent MRA and TOF MRA. Weighted Kappa statistics used to evaluate the inter-modality agreement of silent MRA and TOF MRA with DSA in displaying of angioarchitecture characteristics and determination of Spetzler-Martin grading.Results:Among the 20 BAVMs, significant differences in image quality scores of the nidus (2.75±0.55 versus 2.20±0.70) and drainage vein (2.60±0.68 versus 2.20±0.77) were observed between silent MRA and TOF MRA ( Z=-3.05, P=0.002; Z=-2.13, P=0.033, respectively). The agreement between silent MRA and DSA was excellent in nidus size grading, deep venous drainage, associated aneurysm and SM grading (Kappa 0.91, 1.00, 0.83 and 0.93, respectively); The agreement between TOF MRA and DSA was fair to moderate (Kappa 0.46, 0.59, 0.35 and 0.47, respectively). Conclusions:Silent MRA showes better image quality compared to TOF MRA and improves the evaluation of angioarchitecture characteristics and Spetzler-Martin grading of BAVMs in children.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 207-211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991197

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and compare the clinical characteristics between post-chronic pancreatitis diabetes mellitus(PPDM-C)patients and type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:Data of 142 cases of CP patients confirmed in Shanghai Pudong New Area Gongli Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 were collected, all the patients were divided into CP group without diabetes mellitus ( n=60) and PPDM-C group with diabetes mellitus ( n=82) based on whether with or without diabetes mellitus. And 82 cases T2DM without CP (T2DM group, n=82) hospitalized simultaneously were collected as control group. The age, sex, body mass index, onset characteristics, laboratory examination indicators at admission (fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, blood creatinine, and alanine transaminase), imaging characteristics of the pancreas (pancreatic atrophy, multiple calcifications of the pancreas, pancreatic duct stones, pancreatic duct dilation, and pancreatic duct obstruction), and treatments and efficacy of diabetes were recorded. Results:Compared with T2DM group, PPDM-C group had lower body mass index (22.2 kg/m 2vs 24.6 kg/m 2), and glycosylated hemoglobin levels (7.34% vs 9.20%) (all P values <0.001), higher alanine transaminase levels (33.00 U/L vs 18.65 U/L, P =0.021). And they had more upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, weight loss and diarrhea symptoms. In addition, they had less use of combination of insulin and hypoglycemic drugs to control blood glucose. And compared with CP group, PPDM-C group had higher body mass index (22.06 kg/m 2vs 21.18 kg/m 2), higher glycosylated hemoglobin levels (7.34% vs 5.70%), higher fasting blood-glucose levels (7.91 mmol/l vs 5.31 mmol/l), higher alanine transaminase levels (33.00 U/L vs 26.50U/L), and their differences were statistically significant (all P values <0.05). And they had higher incidence of pancreatic atrophy, multiple calcifications in the pancreatic duct and pancreatic duct obstruction (all P values <0.05). Conclusions:PPDM-C patients are more likely to experience digestive system symptoms such as abdominal pain than T2DM patients, while their pancreatic malfunction is more likely to occur compared to CP patients. More attentions to PPDM-C associated clinical manifestations, biochemical and imaging changes could identify patients at potential risk for early diagnosis and treatment earlier.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 896-902, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998260

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAiming at the need of control strategy switching of intelligent above-knee prosthetic, taking the plantar pressure of human walking as the research object, and based on fuzzy logic algorithm, a gait phase division method based on plantar pressure of prosthetic is proposed. MethodsThree flexible force sensors installed on the soles of the false feet were used to collect the plantar pressure information of the test object under three different walking modes (walking on the flat road, walking downhill and walking down the stairs). After data fusion processing, it was sent to the fuzzy logic controller, and the recognition results were output according to the IF-THEN rule, the scale and sensitivity factor. ResultsThrough the testing of five healthy people as substitute, the results showed that the accuracy of gait phase recognition for walking on the flat road, walking down the stairs and walking downhill were (95.3±2.4)%, (81.5±6.3)% and (90.7±3.5)%, respectively. ConclusionThe accuracy of recognition basically meets the requirements in this project. This method can be applied in the gait phase recognition of intelligent above-knee prosthetic.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1440-1445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997052

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To analyze the etiologies, surgical treatment and outcomes of retrograde type A aortic dissection (RTAD) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for Stanford type B aortic dissection. Methods     The clinical data of patients with RTAD after TEVAR for Stanford type B aortic dissection receiving operations in Changhai Hospital from March 2014 to August 2018 were analyzed. All patients were followed-up by clinic interview or telephone. Results     A total of 16 patients were enrolled, including 13 males and 3 females with a mean age of 49.1±12.2 years. The main symptoms of RTAD were chest pain in 12 patients, headache in 1 patient, conscious disturbance in 1 patient, and asymptomatic in 2 patients. All the 16 patients received total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique. Bentall procedure was used in 2 patients, aortic root plasticity in 10 patients and aortic valve replacement in 1 patient. The primary tear in 10 patients was located in the area which were anchored by bare mental stent, and in the other 6 patients it was located in the anterior part of ascending aorta. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 152.2±29.4 min, aortic cross-clamping time was 93.6±27.8 min and selective cerebral perfusion time was 29.8±8.3 min. There was no death in hospital or within postoperative 30 days. The follow-up period was 32-85 (57.4±18.3) months. No death occurred during the follow-up period. One patient underwent TEVAR again 3 years after this operation and had an uneventful survival. Conclusion     Total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique is a suitable strategy for the management of RTAD after TEVAR for Stanford type B aortic dissection.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 513-517, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of integrated PET/MR in assessing myocardial viability in ischemic heart disease.Methods:A total of 39 patients (28 males, 11 females; age (60.1±12.0) years) diagnosed with ischemic heart disease in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively enrolled from September 2020 to December 2021. All patients underwent cardiac 13N-NH 3·H 2O and 18F-FDG PET/MR examinations. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) sequence was included in MRI scan. PET and MRI images were analyzed and myocardial viability of each myocardial segment was evaluated according to the American Heart Association (AHA) 17 segment method. The extent of left ventricular infarcted myocardium was measured based on PET and MRI images. Weighted Kappa test was used to evaluate the agreement of PET and MRI in assessing myocardial viability. The extent of infarcted myocardium measured by PET and MRI was compared by paired- t test, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between them. Results:There was a moderate agreement between PET and MRI in assessing myocardial viability ( Kappa=0.532, P<0.001), with the agreement rate of 69.83%(463/663). There was no significant difference but strong correlation between the extents of infarcted myocardium measured by PET and MRI ((23.89±14.23)% vs (23.55±11.90)%; t=-0.24, P=0.809; r=0.79, P<0.001). In segments with normal perfusion and metabolism on PET, 22.52% (100/444) showed abnormal enhancement on MRI. On the other hand, 39.89% (73/183) of the segments classified as non-viable on MRI showed normal or viable on PET. Conclusion:Integrated PET/MR is able to take full advantage of the complementary nature of PET and MRI, achieving the comprehensive and accurate evaluation of myocardial viability.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 236-241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993585

ABSTRACT

Presynaptic dopaminergic PET imaging is a useful method for the diagnosis of parkinsonism. Based on the expert consensus on operation and clinical application of dopamine transporter brain PET imaging technology published in 2020, this paper further recommends the relevant elements of result interpretation of presynaptic dopaminergic PET imaging.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 179-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the CT images of a lateral condylar tibial plateau fractures and complete medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury.Methods:Data of 59 patients with lateral condylar fracture of tibial plateau complicated with MCL injury admitted to Tianjin Hospital from January 2020 to November 2021 were collected, including 32 males and 27 females, aged 42.4±12.3 years (range, 19-65 years), there were 26 cases of extension injury and 33 cases of flexion injury. The patients were separated into two groups: those with partial MCL injury and those with total rupture based on preoperative MR examination and intraoperative valgus stress test following fracture fixation. According to the ABC fracture classification of lateral condyle tibial plateau proposed by Sun et al., the fracture locations were determined on CT images, and the lateral plateau collapse depth (LPD) was measured. The relationship between LPD and MCL complete rupture was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:Among 59 patients with lateral condylar tibial plateau fracture and MCL injury, 42 had partial injuries and 17 had complete ruptures. According to the ABC fracture classification, there were 26 cases of extension injury (involving area A), 21 cases of AB type, and 5 cases of ABC type; and 33 cases of flexion type injury, 19 cases of B type, 12 cases of BC type, and 2 cases of C type. All the 17 cases of MCL complete fracture occurred in extension injury, including type AB (14 cases) and type ABC (3 cases). The difference between the mean LPDs of the MCL full rupture group and the partial injury group was not statistically significant ( t=0.11, P=0.567), and the mean LPDs of both groups were 11.7±5.3 mm (range, 4.3-28.1 mm) and 11.5±4.8 mm (range, 3.8-23.6 mm), respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) of the ROC curve analysis was 0.504, and there was no statistical correlation between lateral platform collapse depth and MCL injury. Among the 26 patients with extensional injury area, MCL was completely ruptures in 17 cases and partially injury in 9 cases, LPD was 11.7±5.3 mm (range, 4.3-28.1 mm) and 6.6±1.8 mm (range, 3.8-9.4 mm), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.57, P=0.009). The best predictive cut-off value of LPD was 7.25 mm, the sensitivity was 88.2%, the specificity was 77.8%, and the AUC was 0.868. Conclusion:When the lateral condyle fracture of the tibial plateau is located in the extensional injury area (involving the A area in the ABC fracture classification) and the LPD measured on the CT image is greater than 7.25 mm, the complete rupture of the MCL should be considered. Clinical MCL repair is required after the fracture fixation surgery for improved surgical outcomes.

9.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 208-217, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to analyze the bacteria in dental caries and establish an optimized dental-ca-ries diagnosis model based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) data of oral flora.@*METHODS@#We searched the public databa-ses of microbiomes including NCBI, MG-RAST, EMBL-EBI, and QIITA and collected data involved in the relevant research on human oral microbiomes worldwide. The samples in the caries dataset (1 703) were compared with healthy ones (20 540) by using the microbial search engine (MSE) to obtain the microbiome novelty score (MNS) and construct a caries diagnosis model based on this index. Nonparametric multivariate ANOVA was used to analyze and compare the impact of different host factors on the oral flora MNS, and the model was optimized by controlling related factors. Finally, the effect of the model was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#1) The oral microbiota distribution obviously differed among people with various oral-health statuses, and the species richness and species diversity index decreased. 2) ROC curve was used to evaluate the caries data set, and the area under ROC curve was AUC=0.67. 3) Among the five hosts' factors including caries status, country, age, decayed missing filled tooth (DMFT) indices, and sampling site displayed the strongest effect on MNS of samples (P=0.001). 4) The AUC of the model was 0.87, 0.74, 0.74, and 0.75 in high caries, medium caries, low caries samples in Chinese children, and mixed dental plaque samples after controlling host factors, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The model based on the analysis of 16S rRNA data of oral flora had good diagnostic efficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bacteria/genetics , Dental Caries/microbiology , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Microbiota/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1581-1584, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980558

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical efficacy of gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy(GATT)for secondary high intraocular pressure after vitrectomy.METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 10 patients(15 eyes)with secondary high intraocular pressure(IOP)after vitrectomy treated with GATT in Department of Ophthalmology, Chengdu First People's Hospital from January 2019 to May 2022. The best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA), IOP, number of IOP-lowering drugs, and complications before operation and at 1d, 1wk, 1, 3 and 6mo after operation were recorded, and the surgical success rate was analyzed.RESULTS:There was no difference in BCVA before and 6mo after operation(Z=0, P=1). The mean IOP decreased from 28.33±9.48mmHg to 17.47±3.78(1d), 18.8±3.29(1wk), 19.13±3.62(1mo), 20.31±3.66(3mo)and 18.03±3.23mmHg(6mo; all P&#x003C;0.05). The average medication used before surgery was 2(2, 4), and the average medication used 6mo after surgery was 1(0, 2), which was significantly decreased(P&#x003C;0.001). The total success rate of surgery at 1d, 1wk, 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery was 87%(13 eyes), 93%(14 eyes), 87%(13 eyes), 73%(11 eyes)and 93%(14 eyes)respectively. The main postoperative complications were transient hyphema(10 eyes, 67%)and transient elevated IOP(5 eyes, 33%). No complications seriously affecting the vision occurred.CONCLUSION: GATT is safe and effective in the treatment of secondary high intraocular pressure after vitrectomy.

11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 259-268, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977429

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to analyze the optimal timing of enteral nutrition (EN) in the treatment of sepsis and its effect on sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI.) Materials and Methods: The MIMIC-III database was employed to identify patients with sepsis who had received EN. With AKI as the primary outcome variable, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were utilized to calculate the optimal cut-off time of early EN (EEN). Propensity score matching (PSM) was employed to control confounding effects. Logistic regressions and propensity score-based inverse probability of treatment weighting were utilized to assess the robustness of our findings. Comparisons within the EEN group were performed. @*Results@#2364 patients were included in our study. With 53 hours after intensive care units (ICU) admission as the cut-off time of EEN according to the ROC curve, 1212 patients were assigned to the EEN group and the other 1152 to the delayed EN group. The risk of SA-AKI was reduced in the EEN group (odds ratio 0.319, 95% confidence interval 0.245–0.413, p<0.001). The EEN patients received fewer volumes (mL) of intravenous fluid (IVF) during their ICU stay (3750 mL vs. 5513.23 mL, p<0.001). The mediating effect of IVF was significant (p<0.001 for the average causal mediation effect). No significant differences were found within the EEN group (0–48 hours vs. 48–53 hours), except that patients initiating EN within 48 hours spent fewer days in ICU and hospital. @*Conclusion@#EEN is associated with decreased risk of SA-AKI, and this beneficial effect may be proportionally mediated by IVF volume.

12.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E375-E381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987961

ABSTRACT

Objective To propose a new multi-joint series venipuncture system, explore the mechanics and kinematics-based related control problems involved in needle insertion and needle picking during the puncture process, and verify feasibility of this system. Methods A puncture manipulator was built, and needle displacement control algorithm was proposed by combing with the puncture mechanics model. The the forward kinematics was calculated by using DH method, so as to obtain the tip coordinates. Then the inverse kinematics was calculated by using the geometric method. The forward and inverse processes were closely connected. The position error of the end coordinates before and after needle picking was compared by using the method of kinematics positive solution-inverse solution-re-positive solution. Finally, experimental verification and simulation were conducted by combining with the physical object. Results Through simulation and experiments, accuracy of the theoretical model was verified. The needle insertion algorithm could be used to achieve success with only one needle insertion, which provided theoretical basis for the control of robot arm. The position error before and after needle picking could be controlled within 1 mm from the end trajectory. The end needle tip of robot arm was almost kept fixed during the needle picking process. Therefore, this needle picking scheme was feasible and could basically verify that the needle picking action of robot arm met the accuracy and safety requirements. Conclusions The venipuncture manipulator truly simulates the needle insertion and needle picking action during the puncture process, and can safely and accurately realize the needle insertion and needle picking action with needle tip as the fixed point, indicating that it has certain clinical value.

13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E059-E064, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987914

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the action effect of traditional and modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation with different degrees of lumbar degeneration. Methods The biomechanical model of quality-spring-damping system lumbar spine was established and massage forces from professional massage doctors were collected. The force was used as input of the model, and lumbar degeneration was simulated by increasing elastic coefficient of the spring and damping coefficient of the damping in the model. By using MATLAB/ Simulink simulation technology, the effects of massage obliquity manipulation ( the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration) with different degrees of lumbar degeneration were obtained for comparative analysis.Results When the lumbar spine was degenerative, the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment were obtained under two manipulations. With the increase of lumbar degenerationdegree, the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment under two manipulations showed a downward trend, and the attenuation rate of the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment under two manipulations was obtained. Conclusions When degenerative changes in the spine do not occur, the effectiveness of traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is slightly better than that of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, but the safety of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is obviously better than that of the traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, so the modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation should be used. With the aggravation of lumbar degeneration, the action effects of two manipulations are attenuated in a power function. The attenuation rate of effectiveness of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is significantly faster than that of traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, indicating that the modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation should not be used in the caseof lumbar degeneration.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 942-948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985617

ABSTRACT

Objective: To grasp the epidemiological characteristics of influenza outbreaks in Guangdong Province by analyzing the outbreaks of influenza-like cases reported in Guangdong Province from January 2015 to the end of August 2022. Methods: In response to the outbreak of epidemics in Guangdong Province from 2015 to 2022, information on on-site epidemic control was collected, and epidemiological analysis was conducted to describe the characteristics of the epidemics. The factors that influence the intensity and duration of the outbreak were determined through a logistic regression model. Results: A total of 1 901 influenza outbreaks were reported in Guangdong Province, with an overall incidence of 2.05%. Most outbreak reports occurred from November to January of the following year (50.24%, 955/1 901) and from April to June (29.88%, 568/1 901). A total of 59.23% (1 126/1 901) of the outbreaks were reported in the Pearl River Delta region, and primary and secondary schools were the main places where outbreaks occurred (88.01%, 1 673/1 901). Outbreaks with 10-29 cases were the most common (66.18%, 1 258/1 901), and most outbreaks lasted less than seven days (50.93%,906/1 779). The size of the outbreak was related to the nursery school (aOR=0.38, 95%CI:0.15-0.93), the Pearl River Delta region (aOR=0.60, 95%CI:0.44-0.83), the time interval between the onset of the first case and the time of report (>7 days compared with ≤3 days: aOR=3.01, 95%CI:1.84-4.90), the influenza A(H1N1) (aOR=2.02, 95%CI:1.15-3.55) and the influenza B (Yamagata) (aOR=2.94, 95%CI: 1.50-5.76). The duration of outbreaks was related to school closures (aOR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.47-0.89), the Pearl River Delta region (aOR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.50-0.83) and the time interval between the onset of the first case and the time of report (>7 days compared with ≤3 days: aOR=13.33, 95%CI: 8.80-20.19; 4-7 days compared with ≤3 days: aOR=2.56, 95%CI: 1.81-3.61). Conclusions: An influenza outbreak in Guangdong Province exhibits two peaks, one in the winter and spring seasons and the other in the summer. Primary and secondary schools are high-risk areas, and early reporting of outbreaks is critical for controlling influenza outbreaks in schools. Furthermore, comprehensive measures should be taken to prevent the spread of the epidemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Epidemics , China/epidemiology
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 654-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) status and prognosis value in patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by flow cytometry (FCM).@*METHODS@#The clinical features of the 75 newly diagnosed ALL patients from September 2020 to December 2021 in our centre were retrospective analyzed, as well as the bone marrow (BM) and CSF minimal residual disease (MRD) data, and the CSF conventional cytology data. Central nervous system infiltration(CNSI) positive was as CSF MRD positive by FCM or leukemia cells detected by conventional cytology. The status of CSF were compared and analyzed by FCM and conventional cytology, the clinical features and the prognosis value of different CNSI status in these patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 75 newly diagnosed ALL, 16 cases (21%) with CNSI positive (CNSI+) were detected by FCM, while only 2 positive cases (3%) were detected by conventional cytology. The CNSI+ rate detected by FCM was significantly higher than conventional cytology(P<0.05). Compared with CNSI- ALL patients, the median age of CNSI+ ALL patients was significantly younger, and the median platelet count was significantly lower, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Up to follow-up time (August 31, 2022), four ALL patients were died, including 3 patients were CNSI- and 1 patient was CNSI+. Furthermore, three cases were primary disease relapse, including 1 case was CNSI+. There was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of the patients with different CNSI status.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional cytology, FCM is a more sensitive assay to evaluate the central nervous system status in ALL patients. After active treatment, there was no significant difference in OS and RFS between patients with different CNSI status at diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Flow Cytometry , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Bone Marrow , Neoplasm, Residual , Recurrence
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 349-352, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression(IPC) combined with 3M thermometer on the prevention of deep venous thrombosis(DVT) in patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to August 2019, 127 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures who underwent proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into two groups according to different methods of thrombus prevention and treatment. Among them, 63 patients in group A did not use IPC and 3M thermometer;64 cases in group B were treated with IPC combined with 3M thermometer. Color Doppler ultrasound was used to dynamically monitor the DVT and changes of lower limbs during perioperative period. The venous thrombosis of lower limbs was monitored at 0, 24, 72 h and > 72 h after operation(recheck every 3 days until discharge).@*RESULTS@#Occurrence of DVT of lower limbs after PFNA operation in two groups:there were 5 cases (7.8%) in group B and 20 cases (31.7%) in group A, there was significant difference between two groups (P=0.001). There was no significant difference in lower limb DVT between two groups at 0, 72 and > 72 h after operation(P>0.05), but the formation rate of group A was significantly higher than that of group B at 24 h after operation (P=0.049). There was no significant difference in DVT formation between group A and group B(P>0.05). However, the formation of DVT in group A was significantly higher than that in group B(P=0.012).@*CONCLUSION@#Intraoperative IPC combined with 3M thermostat can effectively prevent DVT of lower limbs in patients undergoing PFNA surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Lower Extremity/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Venous Thrombosis/prevention & control
17.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 497-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the clinical characteristics and related fators of children with delayed antibody production of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(MPP).Methods:Two hundreds and eithty-five cases of children hospitalized at Children′s Hospital of Soochow University with MPP(positive for nucleic acid testing of respiratory secretion)were chosen from January 1st, 2019 to September 31st, 2019.Delayed antibody production group included 36 cases, who were tested for negative IgM antibody meanwhile the titer of IgG antibody changed less than 4 folds within 14 days.Positive group included 249 cases who were tested for positive IgM antibody or the titer of IgG antibody changed over 4 folds within 14 days.The characteristics of clinical manifestation, immunology and radiology were comparatively analyzed.Results:The medium age of delayed antibody production group was 0.75(0.30, 2.78)years old, which was obviously younger than that from positive group[5.50(3.73, 7.20)years old]( P<0.001). Low level of serum immunoglobulin IgG was the independent effect factor of delayed production for Mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody( P=0.037). When the serum immunoglobulin IgG level was lower than 7.155mmol/L, the sensitivity of predicting delayed production for mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody would be 0.819 and the specificity was 0.833.The underlying diseases associated with delayed antibody production were hospitalization history during neonatal period( P=0.007)and congenital heart disease( P=0.001). There were 11.11%(4/36)of children appearing spasmodic cough, 41.67%(15/36)of children showing wheezing and 33.33%(12/36)showing diarrhea in delayed antibody group, which were significantly higher than those in positive group[0.40%(1/249), 24.50%(61/249)and 9.64%(24/249), respectively, P<0.05]. The incidence of fever in delayed antibody group were 63.89%(23/36), which was lower than that in positive group[92.37%(230/249)]( P<0.001), meanwhile, the fever last time was 2.50(0, 4.75)days in delayed antibody group, which was shorter than that in positive group[ 7(5.00, 8.50)days]( P<0.001). In the delayed antibody group, there was 19.44%(7/36)of children sufferring from lobar pneumonia, and no extrapulmonary manifestations occurred, which were significantly lower than those in positive group[75.50%(188/249), 14.86%(37/249)]( P<0.05). Conclusion:Delayed antibody production in children with MPP is more common when serum immunoglobulin IgG level is lower than 7.155 mmol/L, especially in the presence of neonatal hospital history and congenital heart disease.The clinical manifestations of these children are mainly characterized by spasmodic cough and wheezing, with low probability of fever, lobular pneumonia and extrapulmonary manifestations.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 375-381, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933418

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Objective:To explore early-onset gout and related risk factors in Shandong Province, and provide decision-making information on prevention.Methods:Data from electronic medical records and face-to face interview were collected from 8 393 patients with gout who first visited the gout clinic of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from September 2016 to December 2021. Data included demographics, comorbidity and biochemical examinations. The dynamic changes of onset age from 2002 to 2021 were statistically analyzed. The clinical characteristics and related risk factors of patients with early-onset and late-onset gout were statistically analyzed.Results:The age of onset of gout decreased significantly from 2002 to 2021. Compared with 2002, the average age of onset in 2021 decreased by 2.3 years [(41.9±10.6 vs 39.6±14.0) years]. The median age of onset decreased by 3 years in 2012-2021 compared with 2002-2011(37 vs 40 years, P<0.001). The proportion of gout patients with onset age<40 years old increased significantly, from 45.1% in 2002 to 57.8%, and increased by 12.7% in 20 years( P<0.001). The constituent ratios of 20-29 years old group( Ptrend<0.001) and≤19 years old group( Ptrend=0.011) increased by 9.3%( P<0.001) and 4.2%( P=0.002) over 20 years, which was the highest increase among all age groups with onset age<40 years old. Multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis showed that positive family history, blood uric acid level, metabolic syndrome and smoking were independent risk factors for early onset of gout. Conclusion:The age of gout onset in tends to be younger. The increase of the proportion of patients younger than 30 years old is probably the key factor leading to the early-onset gout in Shandong Province. Early and effective intervention on the risk factors related to early-onset gout is essential to prevent the early-onset gout as well as to reduce the prevalence of gout and complications.

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Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 346-348, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931620

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Objective:To investigate the application value of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of acute dyspnea.Methods:Sixty-four patients with acute dyspnea who received treatment in Jincheng General Hospital from January 2020 to January 2021 were included in this study. These patients underwent bedside lung ultrasound, chest X-ray examination, and CT scan. The value of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of lung consolidation, pleurisy, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema was analyzed.Results:The diagnostic rate of lung consolidation, pleurisy, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema by bedside lung ultrasound was 34.4% (22/64), 64.1% (41/64), 67.2% (43/64), and 57.8% (37/64), respectively, which was slightly, but not significantly, different from that by chest CT scans [42.2% (27/64), 57.8% (37/64), 64.1% (41/64), 68.8% (44/64), all P > 0.05]. The diagnostic rate of lung consolidation, pleurisy, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema by bedside lung ultrasound was significantly higher than that by chest X-ray examination [17.2% (11/64), 26.6% (17/64), 34.4% (22/64), 37.5% (37/64), χ2 = 4.94, 18.16, 13.78, 5.293, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Bedside lung ultrasound can help diagnose and screen patients with acute dyspnea quickly, accurately, and timely. Bedside lung ultrasound has a higher rate in the diagnosis of lung consolidation, pleurisy, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema than chest X-ray examination, which is worthy of clinical application.

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Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 600-606, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of intestinal acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children and futher evaluate the occurring risk factors.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 136 patients undergoing allo-HSCT in Wuhan Children's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College from August 2016 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, clinical characteristics of children with intestinal aGVHD were observed. The risk factors of intestinal aGVHD were assessed by logistic regression while cumulative survival were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#Among 136 patients intestinal aGVHD occurred in 24 (17.6%) cases, with 4 cases of grade II, 20 cases of grade III-IV, and the median occurrence time was 28(10-63) days. The clinical manifestations were diarrhea with intermittent abdominal pain, 17 cases with nausea and vomiting, 11 cases with fresh bloody stool, and 8 cases with skin rash before intestinal aGVHD. The average time for treatment was 33(11-100) days. 18 cases received electronic colonoscopy and histopathology examination. 20 out of 24 cases achieved remission after treatment, and the total effective rate was 83.3%. Finally, 9 out of 24 cases died during the follow-up time. Survival analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate of patients with intestinal aGVHD (15/24, 62.5%) were significantly lower than those without intestinal aGVHD (101/112, 90.2%) (Log-rank test, P=0.001). Univariate analysis showed that recipient age, sex, primary disease, donor age, donor sex, donor-recipient blood type, conditioning regimen, prophylaxis of GVHD, dosage of ATG, engraft time of blood platelet and neutrophils, and number of MNC/CD34+ were not risk factors for intestinal aGVHD (P>0.05). Only the type of HSCT (χ2=16.020, P=0.001) and matched degree of HLA (χ2=15.502, P=0.001) had statistical significance with intestinal aGVHD (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that only HLA-mismatched unrelated donor was the risk factor for intestinal aGVHD for children (P=0.014,OR=16,95%CI 1.735-147.543).@*CONCLUSION@#Intestinal aGVHD is a risk factor for cumulative survial of patients who received allo-HSCT in children and HLA-mismatched unrelated donor is its independent risk factor.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acute Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tissue Donors
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