Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 179
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1249-1260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998966

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo develop basic training courses for family doctor teams for people with disabilities. MethodsUtilizing the methods and theories of the World Health Organization (WHO) rehabilitation competency framework (RCF), and referring to the WHO universal health coverage global competency framework, the rehabilitation competency characteristics of family doctor teams for people with disabilities in community settings were analyzed, and a basic training course system for these teams based on the RCF was developed. Results and ConclusionBased on RCF, a competency framework for family doctor teams serving people with disabilities has been constructed. The objectives, content and training course system for basic rehabilitation training has been established.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 732-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between mitochondrial calcium uniporter protein (MCU)-mediated mitochondrial dynamics and intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.Methods:Twenty-four wild-type adult male C57BL/6J mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 18-20 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), intestinal I/R group (IIR group), sham operation+ MCU inhibitor Ru360 group (S+ Ru360 group) and intestinal I/R + Ru360 group (IIR+ Ru360 group). The mouse model of intestinal I/R injury was prepared by clamping the root of the superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by 2 h of reperfusion in anesthetized animals. Small intestinal tissues were obtained at the end of reperfusion for examination of the intestinal mucosal injury which was scored according to Chiu and for determination of the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) (TBA method), activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) (WST-8 method), content of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) (colorimetric method), and expression of MCU, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), recombinant human mitochondrial fission 1 protein (Fis1), mitofusin-1 (Mfn1) and Mfn2 (by Western blot). Results:Compared with S and S+ Ru360 groups, the Chiu′s score and contents of MDA and LDH were significantly increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, the expression of MCU, Drp1 and Fis1 was up-regulated, and the expression of Mfn1 and Mfn2 was down-regulated in IIR and IIR+ Ru360 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with IIR group, the Chiu′s score and contents of MDA and LDH were significantly decreased, the activity of SOD was increased, the expression of MCU, Drp1 and Fis1 was down-regulated, and the expression of Mfn1 and Mfn2 was up-regulated in IIR+ Ru360 group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism underlying intestinal I/R injury may be related to MCU-induced promotion of mitochondrial fission, reduction of mitochondrial fusion and mediation of imbalance in mitochondrial dynamics in mice.

3.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 75-79, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To test the reliability of the short version of the depression-anxiety-stress scale (DASS-21) in adolescents through generalizability theory.Methods:Total of 458 adolescents from three middle schools in Guizhou and Sichuan province were surveyed with the DASS-21 from November to December 2021.Based on multivariate generalization theory(MGT), the generalization coefficients, reliability indexes and variance contribution ratios were calculated.mGENOVA 2.1 was used for data analysis.Results:The generalizability coefficient and reliability index for the total scale of DASS-21 were 0.927 and 0.922, respectively.The generalizability coefficients of depression, anxiety and stress subscales were 0.808-0.840, and the dependability indexes were 0.789-0.832.The contribution ratios of depression, anxiety and stress subscales to the general score were 33.20%, 33.94% and 32.86%, respectively.The stress subscale (34.95%) contributed the most to the relative error variance, and the anxiety subscale (36.98%) contributed the most to the absolute error variance.Conclusion:The DASS-21 has excellent test reliability in adolescents, and it can be used both as the norm-referenced test and the criterion-referenced test in the actual assessment of negative emotions in adolescents.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 335-339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991632

ABSTRACT

Thyroid cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in the endocrine system, and its incidence is increasing year by year. At present, the main diagnostic methods for thyroid cancer are ultrasound and thyroid puncture cytology. However, due to low sensitivity and/or specificity, it is increasingly difficult to meet the current clinical diagnostic needs. The discovery of biomarkers in thyroid cancer provides important clues for the diagnosis, pathogenesis and prognosis of the disease. As one of the essential trace elements in human body, iodine is closely related to the thyroid gland. Clarifying the relationship between iodine nutritional status and biomarkers of thyroid cancer has important practical significance for the diagnosis, pathogenesis and prognosis of thyroid cancer. Based on the research of systems biology, this article analyzes the influence of iodine nutritional status on biomarkers of thyroid cancer from four aspects of gene, transcription, protein and metabolism,

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 77-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953926

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of oleanolic acid (OA) on water metabolism in mice with water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency and the mechanism. MethodThe 60 SPF Kunming (KM) mice were randomized into blank group (n=10) and modeling group (n=50). Through long-term living in damp place and irregular diet, water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency was induced in modeling mice. Then the model mice were randomly classified into model group, natural recovery group, and low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose OA groups. The mice in the blank group, model group, and natural recovery group were given (ig) 10 mL·kg-1·d-1 normal saline, and mice in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose OA groups received 50, 100, 200 mg·kg-1·d-1 OA, respectively. The intervention lasted 7 days. Before and after modeling and administration, the general conditions of the mice were observed and body weight of mice was measured. The water content in feces and tissues was detected with the oven-drying method, and water load index and organ coefficient were measured with the weighing method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed to detect the urinary D-xylose excretion, serum gastrin (GAS), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), interleukin-6 (IL-6), antidiuretic hormone (AVP), aquaporin 1 (AQP1) in renal medulla, and liver Na+-K+-ATPase. At the same time, OA was docked with ALB, IL-6, AQP1, and Na+-K+-ATPase. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed withered hair, emaciation, laziness, bradykinesia, slow weight growth, infrequent spontaneous activities, high water content in feces and tissues, low weight loss after water loading, high coefficient of each organ (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, the model group had less urinary D-xylose excretion, lower serum levels of GAS, TP, ALB, and HDL-C, higher levels of TC, LDL-C, AVP, and IL-6, lower expression of Na+-K+-ATPase in the liver, and higher expression of AQP1 in renal medulla than the blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The three OA groups demonstrated better general conditions, faster weight gain, more frequent spontaneous activities, lower water content in feces and tissues, larger weight loss after water loading, and lower coefficient of each organ than the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, compared with the model group, the three OA groups had high D-xylose excretion, high serum levels of GAS, TP, ALB, and HDL-C, low serum levels of TC, LDL-C, AVP, and IL-6, high expression of Na+-K+-ATPase in liver, and low expression of AQP1 in renal medulla (P<0.05, P<0.01). The recovery in each OA group was better than that in natural recovery group. Molecular docking results also confirmed that OA had high binding affinity with ALB, IL-6, AQP1, and Na+-K+-ATPase. ConclusionOA can alleviate the abnormal water metabolism in mice with water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency, which lays a basis for its potential clinical application.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1332-1339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978788

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of hypopituitarism with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children after sellar tumor surgery and the association between hypopitarism and NAFLD in children. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of children with hypopituitarism and NAFLD after sellar tumor surgery who were followed up regularly in Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from January 2017 to December 2021, and their clinical features were analyzed. Results There were 32 children with regular follow-up and complete clinical data after sellar tumor surgery, and 10 children (31.25%) developed NAFLD, among whom there were 5 boys and 5 girls. Among these 10 children, 9 had craniopharyngioma and underwent surgical treatment, and 1 had germinoma and underwent local radiotherapy. The 10 children had a median age of 8.4(6.29.8) years at the diagnosis of hypopituitarism and a median age of 11.9(8.7-12.6) years at the diagnosis of NAFLD. The median number of years from the diagnosis of hypopituitarism to the diagnosis of NAFLD was 2.0(1.4-4.0) years. At the diagnosis of NAFLD, all 10 children had obesity, and body mass index (BMI) was increased by 7.26±4.25 kg/m 2 on average since the diagnosis of hypopituitarism; the 10 children had a mean fasting blood glucose level of 4.67±0.55 mmol/L, a mean fasting insulin level of 25.40±5.93 μIU/ml, and a mean HOMA-IR index of 5.26±1.29. Among these 10 children, 9 had hypertriglyceridemia, and 1 had elevated triglyceride, with a mean level of 3.08±1.09 mmol/L; 6 children had hypercholesterolemia, with a mean level of 5.67±1.25 mmol/L; 8 children had high-density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, with a mean level of 3.97±1.27 mmol/L. After the diagnosis of NAFLD, 2 children were treated with recombinant human growth hormone and metformin and achieved reductions in BMI, HOMA-IR, and triglyceride after treatment, and total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were reduced to the normal range. Conclusion Children may experience weight gain, hypopituitarism, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia after sellar tumor surgery, which may lead to the onset of NAFLD. Weight management and active pituitary hormone replacement therapy are recommended for such children, as well as routine screening and management of fatty liver disease.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 619-622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of Kirschner wire intramedullary fixation in the treatment of both-bone forearm fractures in children of high altitude area.@*METHODS@#From August 2020 to December 2021, 19 children were treated with Kirschner wire intramedullary fixation including 11 males and 8 females, aged from 4 to 13 years old with an average of (8.16±2.71) years old. The course of disease was 1 to 10 days, with a mean of (4.11±2.51) d. First, close reduction was performed. If the reduction was unsuccessful, limited open reduction was performed, followed by Kirschner wire intramedullary fixation of the radius and ulna. The fracture healing was evaluated by X-ray after operation, and the curative effect was evaluated by Anderson forearm function score standard.@*RESULTS@#The wound healed well after operation, 2 cases had clinical manifestations of needle tail irritation after operation, and the symptoms disappeared after removing the internal fixation. The average follow-up time was(7.68±3.50) months (3 to 14 months). X-ray showed that all fracture healing in follow-up, Anderson forearm function score showed excellent in 16 cases, good in 2 cases and fair in 1 case at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Children with fractures in plateau areas often have delayed medical treatment, lack of medical conditions and insufficient compliance. Based on these characteristics, Kirschner wire intramedullary fixation for the treatment of children's double forearm fractures has the advantages of small injury and rapid recovery. It is a kind of operation method that can be popularized.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Bone Wires , Forearm , Altitude , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Radius Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3589-3601, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981490

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the anti-glioma effect of natural compound pterostilbene(PTE) through regulating pyroptosis and apoptosis pathways, and to analyze the possible anti-glioma pathways and targets of PTE by network pharmacology and molecular docking. In this study, the action targets of PTE and the glioma targets were obtained by network pharmacology to construct a target network and a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network to predict the possible action targets of PTE against glioma. Molecular docking was performed on the core targets by AutoDock and the action pathways of PTE against glioma were predicted by enrichment analysis. In addition, the effect of PTE on the viability of U87MG and GL261 glioma cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. Clone formation assay and cell scratching assay were used to explore the effect of different concentrations of PTE on the proliferation and migration, respectively of glioma cells. Hoechst staining was used to observe PTE-induced apoptosis in glioma cells. The changes in mitochondrial membrane potential were detected by JC-1 staining. The pyroptosis-inducing effect of PTE on glioma cells was observed by inverted microscopy and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) assay. Hoechst 33342/PI dual staining assay was performed to detect the integrity of glioma cell membranes. The expressions of pyroptosis and apoptosis-related proteins in glioma cells after PTE induction were determined by Western blot. In this study, 37 anti-glioma targets of PTE were obtained, and enrichment analysis suggested that PTE exerted anti-glioma effects through various signaling pathways including cancer pathway, proteoglycan in cancer, PI3K/AKT pathway, and apoptosis regulatory pathway. Molecular docking revealed that PTE had good binding activity with the main targets. Compared with the control group, PTE significantly reduced the viability as well as the proliferation, migration and adhesion abilities of U87MG and GL261 cells; it induced the apoptosis of the two glioma cells and the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential in U87MG cells, and the effects increased with the increase of drug concentration. Compared with the conditions in the control group, glioma cells in the PTE group had increased pyroptosis-specific appearance and gradually increased LDH release; the number of PI positive cells was significantly elevated with the increase of PTE concentration as revealed by Hoechst 33342/PI staining; the expression levels of apoptosis-related factors cleaved PARP1 and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) associated X(BAX) in the PTE group were markedly up-regulated, while the expression level of Bcl-2 was markedly down-regulated; the activation levels of pyroptosis-related proteins cleaved caspase-3 and gasdermin E-N(GSDME-N) had a remarkable rise in the PTE group, while no significant changes were found in the activation levels of gasdermin D-N(GSDMD-N) and cleaved caspase-1. In summary, PTE plays an anti-glioma role by inhibiting cell viability, proliferation, and migration and activating the caspase-3/GSDME-mediated pyroptosis pathway and mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Pyroptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Gasdermins , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism
9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2113-2120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the material basis and mechanism of expectorant and cough relief effects of the fruits of Phellodendron chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. METHODS The expectorant and cough relief effects of volatile oil and water decoction of the fruits of P. chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. were studied by ammonia water cough induction and drug expectorant model mice experiments; GC-MS and UPLC-MS technologies were used to identify its volatile oils and non-volatile components of the fruits of P. chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. The active ingredients, core targets and pathways of expectoration and cough relief were analyzed by network pharmacology. RESULTS The volatile oil (0.8, 0.2 g/kg, calculated by volatile oil) and water decoction (12, 3 g/kg, calculated by crude drug) of the fruits of P. chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. both had obvious expectorant and cough relief effects, and showed obvious dose-dependent relationship. A total of 38 volatile oil components were identified from the medicinal herbs, and the relative percentage contents of 8 components were greater than 1%, such as α -pinene, myrcene, β -caryophyllene, germanene D, isospathulenol; a total of 69 non-volatile oil components were identified, mainly including phenolic compounds, alkaloids, and flavonoids. The active ingredients screened from the identified components included 13 compounds such as α-pinene, myrcene, chlorogenic acid, luteolin, berberine. There were a total of 55 intersection targets with diseases, and the core targets were tumor necrosis factor (TNF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), serine/threonine kinase proteins (AKT1) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). The molecular docking results showed that the active ingredients and the core targets had good binding ability. GO functional analysis found that the targets were significantly enriched in biological processes such as the reaction affecting lipopolysaccharides, the positive regulation of peptidyl serine phosphorylation, and the positive regulation of the biosynthesis process of nitric oxide. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis found that the targets were significantly enriched in the signaling pathways such as cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, proteoglycans in cancer. CONCLUSIONS Fruits of P. chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. have obvious expectorant and cough relief effects, and its material basis may be α-pinene, myrcene, chlorogenic acid, luteolin, berberine, etc., and mainly act on TNF, EGFR, VEGFA, AKT1, TLR4 and its significantly enriched signaling pathway.

10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1029-1034, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of peginterferon-α2b for treatment of chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 107 patients with MPN, including 95 with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and 12 with polycythemia vera (PV), who all received peginterferon-α2b treatment for at least 12 months. The clnical and follow-up data of the patients were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy and adverse reactions of the treatment.@*RESULTS@#After receiving peginterferon- α2b treatment, both ET and PV patients achieved high hematological remission rates, and the total remission rates did not differ significantly between the two groups (86% vs 78%, P>0.05). In the overall patients, the spleen index decreased by 13.5% (95%CI: 8.5%-18.5%) after the treatment. The patients with hematological remission showed a significantly greater reduction of the total symptom score than those without hematological remission (P < 0.01). The median percentage of JAK2V617F allele load of PV patients decreased from 67.23% (49.6%-84.86%) at baseline to 19.7% (0.57%-74.6%) after the treatment, and that of JAK2V617F-positive ET patients decreased from 48.97% (0.45%-74.24%) at baseline to 22.1% (0.33%-65.42%) after the treatment. Mild adverse reactions (grade 1-2) were observed in both ET and PV groups without significant differences between them. The overall incidence of thrombotic events during the treatment was 2.8% in these patients, and no serious adverse reactions were observed.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with chronic myelodysplasia, peginterferon-α2b treatment can achieve a high peripheral blood cell remission rate and maintain a long-term stable state with good effect in relieving symptoms such as splenomegaly. Peginterferon- α2b treatment caused only mild adverse reactions, which can be tolerated by most of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasms , Alleles , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Spleen
11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 339-345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986796

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aimed to explore the feasibility of a single-port thoracoscopy- assisted five-step laparoscopic procedure via transabdominal diaphragmatic(TD) approach(abbreviated as five-step maneuver) for No.111 lymphadenectomy in patients with Siewert type II esophageal gastric junction adenocarcinoma (AEG). Methods: This was a descriptive case series study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age 18-80 years; (2) diagnosis of Siewert type II AEG; (3) clinical tumor stage cT2-4aNanyM0; (4) meeting indications of the transthoracic single-port assisted laparoscopic five-step procedure incorporating lower mediastinal lymph node dissection via a TD approach; (5) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 0-1; and (6) American Society of Anesthesiologists classification I, II, or III. The exclusion criteria included previous esophageal or gastric surgery, other cancers within the previous 5 years, pregnancy or lactation, and serious medical conditions. We retrospectively collected and analyzed the clinical data of 17 patients (age [mean ± SD], [63.6±11.9] years; and 12 men) who met the inclusion criteria in the Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine from January 2022 to September 2022. No.111 lymphadenectomy was performed using five-step maneuver as follows: superior to the diaphragm, starting caudad to the pericardium, along the direction of the cardio-phrenic angle and ending at the upper part of the cardio-phrenic angle, right to the right pleura and left to the fibrous pericardium , completely exposing the cardio-phrenic angle. The primary outcome includes the numbers of harvested and of positive No.111 lymph nodes. Results: Seventeen patients (3 proximal gastrectomy and 14 total gastrectomy) had undergone the five-step maneuver including lower mediastinal lymphadenectomy without conversion to laparotomy or thoracotomy and all had achieved R0 resection with no perioperative deaths. The total operative time was (268.2±32.9) minutes, and the lower mediastinal lymph node dissection time was (34.0±6.0) minutes. The median estimated blood loss was 50 (20-350) ml. A median of 7 (2-17) mediastinal lymph nodes and 2(0-6) No. 111 lymph nodes were harvested. No. 111 lymph node metastasis was identified in 1 patient. The time to first flatus occurred 3 (2-4) days postoperatively and thoracic drainage was used for 7 (4-15) days. The median postoperative hospital stay was 9 (6-16) days. One patient had a chylous fistula that resolved with conservative treatment. No serious complications occurred in any patient. Conclusion: The single-port thoracoscopy-assisted five-step laparoscopic procedure via a TD approach can facilitate No. 111 lymphadenectomy with few complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diaphragm/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Feasibility Studies , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Laparoscopy/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Thoracoscopy
12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 226-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975176

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis, an atypical new cell death mode other than apoptosis and necrosis, has been discovered in recent years. Pyroptosis depends on the cleavage of gasdermins (GSDMs) by Caspases. The activated GSDMs act on the plasma membrane to form a perforation, which results in cell lysis and triggers inflammation and immune response. Pyroptosis can be induced by four distinct signaling pathways, including canonical and non-canonical inflammasome pathways, apoptosis-associated Caspases-mediated pathway, and granzyme pathway. In these signaling pathways, GSDMs are the executors of pyroptosis. Pyroptosis is associated with the death of tumor cells and the inflammatory damage of normal tissues. Recent studies have demonstrated that moderate pyroptosis can lead to tumor cell death to exert an anti-tumor effect, and meanwhile stimulate the tumor immune microenvironment, while it can promote tumor development. Despite the good performance, drug-based anti-tumor therapies such as tumor immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy have some shortcomings such as drug resistance, recurrence, and damage to normal tissues. The latest research shows that a variety of natural compounds have anti-tumor effects in the auxiliary treatment of tumors by mediating the pyroptosis pathways in a multi-target and multi-pathway manner, which provide new ideas for the study of anti-tumor therapy. We reviewed the molecular mechanism of pyroptosis and the regulatory role of pyroptosis in tumors and tumor immune microenvironment, and summarized the recent research progress in the natural medicinal components regulating pyroptosis in anti-tumor therapy, with a view to providing ideas for the research on the anti-tumor therapy based on pyroptosis.

13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 197-203, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968900

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the risk factors and sonographic variables that could be integrated into a predictive model for endometrial cancer (EC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) in women with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study included 1837 patients who presented with AUB and underwent endometrial sampling. Multivariable logistic regression was developed based on clinical and sonographic covariates [endometrial thickness (ET), resistance index (RI) of the endometrial vasculature] assessed for their association with EC/AEH in the development group (n=1369), and a predictive nomogram was proposed. The model was validated in 468 patients. @*Results@#Histological examination revealed 167 patients (12.2%) with EC or AEH in the development group. Using multivariable logistic regression, the following variables were incorporated in the prediction of endometrial malignancy: metabolic diseases [odds ratio (OR)=7.764, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 5.042–11.955], family history (OR=3.555, 95% CI 1.055–11.971), age ≥40 years (OR=3.195, 95% CI 1.878–5.435), RI ≤0.5 (OR=8.733, 95% CI 4.311–17.692), and ET ≥10 mm (OR=8.479, 95% CI 5.440–13.216). :A nomogram was created using these five variables with an area under the curve of 0.837 (95% CI 0.800–0.874). The calibration curve showed good agreement between the observed and predicted occurrences. For the validation group, the model provided acceptable discrimination and calibration. @*Conclusion@#The proposed nomogram model showed moderate prediction accuracy in the differentiation between benign and malignant endometrial lesions among women with AUB.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2481-2486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955037

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimum time of ambulation of atrial fibrillation patients after radiofrequency ablation, to provide basis for patients' early postoperative rehabilitation.Methods:By convenient sampling method, a total of 120 patients with atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation were collected at Yanghu Branch and City Branch of Changzhou Second People's Hospital from January 2020 to May 2021. They were divided into the early group, middle group and late group according to the random number table method, each group were 40 cases. All patients received routine postoperative intervention, the time of ambulation were 4, 6 and 12 h after operation in the early group, middle group and late group, respectively. The complication rate within 24 h after operation was compared among the three groups, and the comfort level of the three groups at 24, 48 and 72 h after operation was evaluated with Comfort Status Scale (GCQ).Results:Finally, 111 patients were included, including 37 in the early group, 38 in the middle group and 36 in the late group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of bleeding or hematoma, urinary retention, lumbago within 24 h after operation among the three groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of postural hypotension within 24 h after operation in the early group was 2.7% (1/37), which was lower than 21.1% (7/38) and 25.0% (9/36) in the middle and late groups, with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.86, 7.67, both P<0.05). At 48 and 72 h after operation, the scores of physiological dimension, psychological dimension and the total score of GCQ in the early group were (20.68 ± 3.07), (22.54 ± 3.35), (81.68 ± 6.11) and (22.54 ± 3.73), (24.38 ± 2.49), (84.92 ± 6.37), higher than those in the middle group (19.16 ± 2.19), (21.32 ± 2.27), (78.24 ± 5.58), (20.93 ± 2.85), (22.32 ± 2.04), (81.66 ± 6.56), and those in the late group (18.44 ± 1.50) (21.31 ± 1.99), (78.06 ± 4.32), (20.89 ± 2.25), (21.58 ± 1.86), (80.28 ± 6.44), the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.19-4.15, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Ambulation at 4 h after operation does not increase peripheral vascular complications, but can reduce the incidence of postural hypotension and improve the comfort of patients with atrial fibrillation after radiofrequency ablation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1305-1311, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of hospital-to-community model-based case management on outcomes and life quality of patients with atrial fibrillation.Methods:By convience sampling method, a total of 90 cases of atrial fibrillation patients admitted to Changzhou Second People′s Hospital from January 2019 to May 2020 were randomly divided into control group and experimental group, with 45 cases in each group. The patients in the control group received routine nursing care, the experimental group implemented hospital-to-community model-based case management. The beliefs about medicine, medication compliance, quality of life and readmissions of cardiovascular events were compared between 2 groups before and 6 months after intervention.Results:Finally, 41 cases were included in the experimental group and 38 cases in the control group. Before intervention, there were no significant differences in various indexes between the two groups ( P>0.05). After 6 months of intervention, the scores of specific-necessity in Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire-Specific (BMQ-Specific) and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8) were (16.98 ± 4.22) and (7.15 ± 0.69) points in the experimental group, higher than in the control group (14.95 ± 4.33) and (6.32 ± 1.07) points; the scores of specific-concerns in BMQ-Specific were (6.83 ± 1.91)points in the experimental group, lower than in the control group (8.42 ± 2.73) points. The differences were statistically significant ( t = 2.11, 4.07, 2.98, all P<0.05); the scores of physical function, role-physical, pain, general health, mental health dimensions and total scores in SF-36 were (80.37 ± 3.46), (46.63 ± 14.54), (90.37 ± 5.78), (70.07 ± 9.98), (84.20 ± 8.73) and (584.88 ± 25.71) points in the experimental group, higher than in the control group (70.13 ± 11.20), (37.34 ± 10.25), (83.37 ± 6.89), (59.55 ± 7.98), (77.58 ± 9.09) and (533.87 ± 31.62) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 3.30-7.89, all P<0.05). At 6 months after discharge, the re-admission of cardiovascular events were 5 cases (12.2%) in the experimental group and 12 cases (31.6%) in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.74, P<0.05). Conclusions:Hospital-to-community model-based case management can effectively promote beliefs about medicine and medication compliance, improve quality of life and decrease re-admission of cardiovascular events of patients with atrial fibrillation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1515-1520, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method of early prediction of the risk of limb infection in patients bitten by trimersurus mucrosquamatus snake. Methods:Totally 108 inpatients with limbs bitten by trimersurus mucrosquamatus snake in Chongqing Emergency Medical Center from January 2019 to October 2020 were respectively collected. They were divided into the infection group (23 cases) and non infection group (85 cases) according to whether they had secondary infection in the course of the disease. The clinical characteristics and serum indexes before admission were compared between the two groups to screen out the risk factors of infection. By combining all the above methods, the risk factor score was screened out; and the prediction model was constructed according to the snake bite severity score (SSS) and appearance score. The differences of the three prediction models between the two groups of patients were compared, and the predictive value of the three prediction models for the risk of limb infection in patients bitten by trimersurus mucrosquamatus snake was evaluated through the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:There were significant differences in clinical characteristics and serum indexes before admission, injury time, hand and foot finger injury, edema score, tension blister, subcutaneous hemorrhage and admission platelet count between the two groups ( P<0.05). The scores of the three predictive models differed between the two groups ( P<0.05). The ROC curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of the three models for the risk of infection in the course of the disease. The predictive AUC value of the risk factors score was 0.830 (95% CI: 0.635-0.850), the cutoff value was 2.5, the sensitivity was 0.870 and the specificity was 0.671, which was the best in the three prediction models. Conclusions:The prediction model based on the risk factors can effectively predict the infection risk of snake bite patients. It indicates that the infection risk is high when the score of risk factors ≥3 points, which can be used as the basis for guiding clinical treatment plan and is worthy of promotion.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 323-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935089

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the effect of gene mutations on the efficacy of ruxolitinib for treating myelofibrosis (MF) . Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 56 patients with MF treated with ruxolitinib from July 2017 to December 2020 and applied second-generation sequencing (NGS) technology to detect 127 hematologic tumor-related gene mutations. Additionally, we analyzed the relationship between mutated genes and the efficacy of ruxolitinib. Results: ①Among the 56 patients, there were 36 cases of primary bone marrow fibrosis (PMF) , 9 cases of bone marrow fibrosis (ppv-mf) after polycythemia vera, and 11 cases of bone marrow fibrosis (PET-MF) after primary thrombocytosis (ET) . ②Fifty-six patients with MF taking ruxolitinib underwent NGS, among whom, 50 (89.29%) carried driver mutations, 22 (39.29%) carried ≥3 mutations, and 29 (51.79%) carried high-risk mutations (HMR) . ③ For patients with MF carrying ≥ 3 mutations, ruxolitinib still had a better effect of improving somatic symptoms and shrinking the spleen (P=0.001, P<0.001) , but TTF and PFS were significantly shorter in patients carrying ≥ 3 mutations (P=0.007, P=0.042) . ④For patients carrying ≥ 2 HMR mutations, ruxolitinib was less effective in shrinking the spleen than in those who did not carry HMR (t= 10.471, P=0.034) , and the TTF and PFS were significantly shorter in patients carrying ≥2 HMR mutations (P<0.001, P=0.001) . ⑤Ruxolitinib had poorer effects on spleen reduction, symptom improvement, and stabilization of myelofibrosis in patients carrying additional mutations in ASXL1, EZH2, and SRSF2. Moreover, patients carrying ASXL1 and EZH2 mutations had significantly shorter TTF [ASXL1: 360 (55-1270) d vs 440 (55-1268) d, z=-3.115, P=0.002; EZH2: 327 (55-975) d vs 404 (50-1270) d, z=-3.219, P=0.001], and significantly shorter PFS compared to non-carriers [ASXL1: 457 (50-1331) d vs 574 (55-1437) d, z=-3.219, P=0.001) ; 428 (55-1331) d vs 505 (55-1437) d, z=-2.576, P=0.008]. Conclusion: The type and number of mutations carried by patients with myelofibrosis and HMR impact the efficacy of ruxolitinib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Nitriles , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Pyrazoles , Pyrimidines , Retrospective Studies , Technology , Transcription Factors/genetics
18.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 289-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934368

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study explored the consistency of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and immunoassay for the detection of steroid hormones. The diagnostic value of multiple steroid hormones in 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) was investigated and the follow-up indicators were screened.Methods:This experimental group included 109 patients with typical 21-OHD who received standard treatment, and the control group included 94 normal children. 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), androstenedione (Δ4-A), testosterone and cortisol were detected by immunoassay and LC-MS/MS method. At the same time, 16 other adrenal steroids were detected by LC-MS/MS method. The experimental group was divided into: (1) overtreatment group: 17OHP<4 ng/ml; (2) well controlled group: 4 ng/ml≤17-OHP<12 ng/ml; (3) poorly controlled group: 17-OHP≥12 ng/ml. The following studies were carried out. (1) The consistency of immunoassay and LC-MS/MS detection results was analyzed; (2) The serum concentrations of various steroid hormones in patients with 21-OHD and the control group were compared to explore the diagnostic value of multiple steroid hormones detection; (3) The concentration differences of 20 kinds of steroid hormones in 21-OHD patients with different therapeutic effects were compared to screen more valuable follow-up indicators.Results:(1) among the four indicators detected by LC-MS/MS and immunoassay, the consistency of T and 17-OHP was high. The concentrations of cortisol and Δ4-A determined by immunoassay were higher than those determined by LC-MS/MS. (2) Among the 20 kinds of steroid hormones secreted by adrenal gland detected by LC-MS/MS, 6 kinds of hormones were significantly higher and 6 kinds of hormones were significantly lower in 21-OHD patients compared with the control group, ,and 8 kinds of steroids showed no statistical difference. (3) 17-OHP decreased and 11-deoxycortisol increased in over-inhibition group, while 17-OHP, pregnenolone, progesterone, 17-hydroxypregnenolone, 21-deoxycortisol, Δ4-A and estrone increased in the poorly controlled group.Conclusions:LC-MS/MS can detect many kinds of steroid hormones at one time with better evaluate dimensions. During the follow-up, only 8 of the 20 hormones were closely related to the control status of patients, suggesting that unnecessary testing work could be reduced.

19.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 174-179, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a suitable solitude behavior scale for short version(SBS-S).Methods:A total of 2 484 valid data were collected from college students in Tianjin city and Shandong province.Based on the exploratory structural equation model(ESEM) and generalized partial credit model(GPCM) of item response theory, the SBS-S was developed.A total of 100 college students in Guizhou province were tested twice at intervals of two months to calculate the test-retest reliability of the SBS-S.R language Mplus 8.0 and SPSS 24.0 software were used for the data analysis.Results:According to the results of ESEM and GPCM model, 18 items were deleted. After deleting the above questions, 16 items (four items under each dimension) and four dimensions(positive solitude, eccentricity, social avoidance and loneliness) were retained. The coefficient of Cronbach's α was above 0.75. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the structure model of the SBS-S was fitting well, and the index was ( χ2/ df=4.74, TLI=0.92, CFI= 0.95, SRMR =0.05, RMSEA=0.06). According to the results of SPSS, the test-retest reliability was above 0.60.Big-five persondlity, social support and self-esteem were regarded as criterion related validity. The results showed that positive solitude had positive correlations with extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness and self-esteem( r=0.07, 0.25, 0.15, 0.26, 0.09, all P<0.05). Eccentricity and social avoidance had negative correlations with extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, social support and self-esteem( r=-0.25, -0.22, -0.45, -0.16, -0.36, all P<0.05; r=-0.26, -0.09, -0.06, -0.18, -0.36, all P<0.05), and had positive correlations with neuroticism( r=0.25, 0.32, both P<0.05). Loneliness had negative relation with extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness and self-esteem( r=-0.08, -0.11, -0.08, -0.33, all P<0.05), and had positive correlations with neuroticism( r=0.33, P<0.05). Conclusion:The SBS-S has good psychometric characteristics and can be used to evaluate the solitude behavior of individuals.

20.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 66-70, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of dynamic traction technique on postoperative complications, stress response and neurological function recovery in patients with petroclival meningioma undergoing microscopic resection.Methods:The clinical data of 80 patients with petroclival meningioma in Huanggang Central Hospital of Hubei Province from January 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 38 cases were treated with automatic retractor technique (automatic traction group), and 42 cases were treated with dynamic traction technique (dynamic traction group). The operation time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications of brain traction injury and the degree of Simpson tumor resection were compared between 2 groups. The levels of serum stress indexes before and after operation were detected, including C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and white blood cell count (WBC). Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score was performed 6 months after operation, and the recovery rate of neurological function (KPS score≥80) and recurrence rate were counted.Results:There were no significant differences in operation time, postoperative hospital stay and the degree of Simpson tumor resection between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications of brain traction injury in dynamic traction group was significantly lower than that in automatic traction group: 4.76% (2/42) vs. 21.05% (8/38), the recovery rate of neurological function 6 months after operation was significantly higher than that in automatic traction group: 83.33% (35/42) vs. 39.47% (15/38), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05 or<0.01). The serum CRP, IL-6 and WBC in dynamic traction group were significantly lower than those in automatic traction group: (24.11±5.86) mg/L vs. (28.42±5.94) mg/L, (10.52±2.29) pg/L vs. (12.45±2.46) pg/L and (9.24±2.43) ×10 9/L vs. (10.84±2.38) ×10 9/L, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). No recurrence was found in both groups. Conclusions:Dynamic traction technique in microscopic resection of petroclival meningioma can effectively reduce the postoperative complications of brain traction injury, reduce surgical stress, promote the recovery of neurological function, and improve the prognosis of patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL