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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 739-744, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the relationship between atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) and childhood asthma.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included 86 children with asthma admitted to the Changzhou Second People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2020 to August 2022 as the asthma group and 149 healthy children undergoing physical examination during the same period as the control group. Metabolic parameters including total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and blood glucose, as well as general information of the children such as height, weight, body mass index, presence of specific dermatitis, history of inhalant allergen hypersensitivity, family history of asthma, and feeding history, were collected. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to study the relationship between AIP, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and asthma. The value of AIP, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol for predicting asthma was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.@*RESULTS@#The AIP and triglyceride levels in the asthma group were significantly higher than those in the control group, while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was significantly lower (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol between the two groups (P>0.05). Before and after adjusting for height, weight, presence of specific dermatitis, history of inhalant allergen hypersensitivity, family history of asthma, feeding method, and blood glucose, multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that AIP, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were associated with asthma (P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the optimal cutoff value for predicting asthma with AIP was -0.333, with a sensitivity of 80.2%, specificity of 55.0%, positive predictive value of 50.71%, and negative predictive value of 82.85%. The area under the curve (AUC) for AIP in predicting asthma was significantly higher than that for triglycerides (P=0.009), but there was no significant difference in AUC between AIP and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P=0.686).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AIP, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol are all associated with asthma. AIP has a higher value for predicting asthma than triglycerides and comparable value to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , Blood Glucose , Triglycerides , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL , Asthma/etiology , Dermatitis , Risk Factors
2.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 565-572, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919305

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasma gondii ME49 infections are typically diagnosed by serological tests. However, serological diagnosis of RH strain-induced toxoplasmosis remains unknown. In order to develop seradiagnosis of above 2 kinds of infections, we generated recombinant virus-like particles (VLPs) displaying the T. gondii rhoptry protein 4 (ROP4) and evaluated their potential in T. gondii ME49 or RH strain infection diagnostics. Mice were orally infected with either the tachyzoites of T. gondii (RH) or cysts of T. gondii (ME49) at various dosages, and sera were collected at regular intervals. ELISA-based serological tests were performed to assess IgG, IgM, and IgA antibody responses against ROP4 VLP antigen and tissue lysate antigen (TLA). Compared to TLA, IgG, IgM, and IgA levels to ROP4 VLP antigen were significantly higher in the sera of T. gondii RH-infected mice 1 and 2 week post-infection (PI). T. gondii-specific IgG antibody was detected at 1, 2, 4, and 8 week PI in the T. gondii ME49-infected mice with infection dose-dependent manner. These results indicated that the ROP4 VLP antigen was highly sensitive antigens detecting T. gondii RH and ME49 antibodies at an early stage.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 145-153, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the water soluble chemical constituents in rhizoma of Acorus tatarinowii and transformation pathway of nucleosides in the process of water extraction. Method:Compounds were isolated and purified by column chromatography on macroporous resin,Sephadex LH-20,ODS and preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. Nucleosides were identified from aqueous extract of A. tatarinowii,and their stability was investigated by HPLC. The possible transformation pathways of nucleosides in aqueous extract of A. tatarinowii were studied by nucleotide addition test. Result:Eleven compounds including four nucleosides,four phenylpropanoids,two alkaloids and a furfural were isolated,and identified as uridine(1),adenine(2),guanosine(3),adenosine(4),5-hydroxymethylfurfural(5),5-(hydroxymethyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde(6),(threo)1',2'-dihydroxyasarone(7),(erythro)1',2'-dihydroxyasarone(8),acoraminol A(9),acoraminol B(10),and tatarine A(11). The chromatographic peaks of compounds 1-4 and cytidine were identified from aqueous extract of A. tatarinowii by HPLC. After ultrasonic extraction for 0.5 h,the stability of nucleosides in water was poor. After ultrasonic extraction for 3 h or refluxing extraction for 0.5 h,the stability of nucleosides in water was good. Four transformation pathways including 5'-cytidylic acid→cytidine,uridine monophosphate→uridine,guanosine monophosphate,guanosine and adenosine-5'-monophosphate,adenosine 5'-diphosphate,adenosine 5'-triphosphorate,adenosine,adenine might exist in water extract of A. tatarinowii. Conclusion:Compounds 1-4 and 6 were isolated from the genus Acorus for the first time. These compounds further enriched the chemical constituents of A. tatarinowii. The stability and transformation pathway of nucleosides in A. tatarinowii provides reference data for the analysis of nucleosides in A. tatarinowii and other traditional Chinese medicine.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 668-674, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878090

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many Parkinson disease (PD) patients complain about chronic fatigue and sleep disturbances during the night. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between fatigue and sleep disturbances by using polysomnography (PSG) in PD patients.@*METHODS@#Two hundred and thirty-two PD patients (152 with mild fatigue and 80 with severe fatigue) were recruited in this study. Demographic information and clinical symptoms were collected. Fatigue severity scale (FSS) was applied to evaluate the severity of fatigue, and PSG was conducted in all PD patients. FSS ≥4 was defined as severe fatigue, and FSS <4 was defined as mild fatigue. Multivariate logistic regression and linear regression models were used to investigate the associations between fatigue and sleep disturbances.@*RESULTS@#Patients with severe fatigue tended to have a longer duration of disease, higher Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale score, more advanced Hoehn and Yahr stage, higher daily levodopa equivalent dose, worse depression, anxiety, and higher daytime sleepiness score. In addition, they had lower percentage of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep (P = 0.009) and were more likely to have REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) (P = 0.018). Multivariate logistic regression analyses found that the presence of RBD and proportion of REM sleep were the independent predictors for fatigue. After the adjustment of age, sex, duration, body mass index, severity of disease, scores of Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, and other sleep disorders, proportion of REM sleep and degree of REM sleep without atonia in patients with PD were still associated with FSS score.@*CONCLUSION@#Considering the association between fatigue, RBD, and the altered sleep architecture, fatigue is a special subtype in PD and more studies should be focused on this debilitating symptom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease/complications , Polysomnography , REM Sleep Behavior Disorder , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2091-2102, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827975

ABSTRACT

Taking Lonicerae Japonicae Flos as an example, the method of "expert consensus of different regions" was used to screen the representative samples and evaluate their commodity grades. The correlation analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) of "commodity grade-appearance characteristic-component content" were carried out to reveal the scientificity of traditional commodity grade of Chinese medicinal material. By referring to the existing literature and the grade investigation from the sample collection regions, 78 "initial grade" samples were screened out from 118 collected samples. Authoritative experts from four regions(n=4) including Linyi(Shangdong province), Bozhou(Anhui province), Anguo(Hebei province) and Beijing were organized to evaluate their commodity grades, separately. Based on the grade consistency rate(R_i≥70%), 69 "local grade" samples were screened out from the "initial grade" samples. Based on the average grade consistency rate ■ "authoritative grade" samples were screened out from the "local grade" samples, including15 first-grade samples, 9 second-grade samples, 11 third-grade samples and 17 fourth-grade samples. For these "authoritative grade" samples, the main appea-rance characteristics were quantified and the contents of 13 components were determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography(UPLC). Furthermore, the total contents of 6 phenolic acids, 4 flavonoids and 3 iridoids were calculated, respectively. The results of correlation analysis showed that 4 appearance characteristics indices were correlated with the commodity grades: color, rate of yellow bars(including blooming flowers), rate of black heads(including black bars), and rate of stems and leaves(including bud debris). Five component content indices were correlated with the commodity grades: chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid C, sweroside, loganin and the total contents of six phenolic acids. Furthermore, chlorogenic acid, loganin and the total contents of six phenolic acids showed significantly negative correlation with the main appearance characteristics, indicating that the appearance characteristics of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos can reflect its internal quality, and these 3 indices can be used as quality markers(Q-markers). The results of hierarchical cluster analysis showed that the samples of four grades were classified into four categories, and the samples with the same grades and the same categories accounted for 80.8% of the total samples, while the samples with the different grades were obviously classified into different categories. The results of PLS-DA analysis showed that the samples of different grades showed obvious intragroup aggregation and intergroup dispersion. The above results indicated that it was feasible to evaluate the traditional commodity grade of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by the method of "expert consensus of different regions". For the evaluation of traditional commodity grade of Chinese medicinal material, the samples should be representative, expert conclusions should have enough consensuses, and grade determination should be authoritative. As the crystallization of clinical experience, traditional commodity grade can scientifically reflect the internal quality of Chinese medicinal material.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flowers , Lonicera , Quality Control
6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 378-390, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719417

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify novel plasma biomarkers for distinguishing nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients from healthy individuals who have positive Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA-IgA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-four plasma cytokines were analyzed by a Cytokine Array in eight healthy individuals with positive EBV VCA-IgA and eight patients with NPC. Real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and immunohistochemistry were employed to detect the expression levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and CC chemokine ligand 3 (CCL3) in NPC cell lines and tumor tissues. Plasma MIF and CCL3 were measured by ELISA in 138 NPC patients, 127 EBV VCA-IgA negative (VN) and 100 EBV VCA-IgA positive healthy donors (VP). Plasma EBV VCA-IgA was determined by immunoenzymatic techniques. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 174 cytokines varied significantly between the VP and NPC group. Plasma MIF and CCL3 were significantly elevated in NPC patients compared with VN and VP. Combination of MIF and CCL3 could be used for the differential diagnosis of NPC from VN cohort (area under the curve [AUC], 0.913; sensitivity, 90.00%; specificity, 80.30%), and combination of MIF, CCL3, and VCA-IgA could be used for the differential diagnosis of NPC from VP cohort (AUC, 0.920; sensitivity, 90.00%; specificity, 84.00%), from (VN+VP) cohort (AUC, 0.961; sensitivity, 90.00%; specificity, 92.00%). Overexpressions of MIF and CCL3 were observed in NPC plasma, NPC cell lines and NPC tissues. CONCLUSION: Plasma MIF, CCL3, and VCA-IgA combination significantly improves the diagnostic specificity of NPC in high-risk individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Blotting, Western , Capsid , Cell Line , Chemokine CCL3 , Cohort Studies , Cytokines , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Immunoglobulin A , Immunohistochemistry , Macrophages , Plasma , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tissue Donors
7.
Journal of Xinxiang Medical College ; (12): 65-68, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699473

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the values of total tumor perfusion parameters in primary hepatocellular carcinoma and tumor volume and peritumoral perfusion parameters,and analyze its correlation with liver ChildPugh classification.Methods Forty-seven patients with primary liver cancer in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2013 to January 2015 were selected to perform 320 row volume CT perfusion imaging.The parameters of hepatic artery perfusion(HAP),portal vein perfusion(PVP) and hepatic perfusion index(HAPI) in tumor and peritumoral liver tissues were calculated based on total tumor measurement.The relationship between tumor perfusion parameters and ChildPugh classification of liver function,tumor volume and total tumor perfusion parameters,total tumor perfusion parameters and peritumoral perfusion parameters were analyzed.Results There was no correlation between tumor volume and total tumor perfusion parameters,peritumoral perfusion parameters (P > 0.05),and there was no correlation between total tumor perfusion parameters and peritumoral perfusion parameters(P >0.05).There were significant differences between HAP,PVP and HAP of total tumor perfusion in different liver Child-Pugh classifications(P < 0.05).With the increase of Child-Pugh classification of liver function,the HAP and HAPI of tumor gradually increased while PVP gradually decreased (P < 0.05).Conclusions There is no correlation between tumor volume,total tumor perfusion parameters and peritumoral perfusion parameters.There is also no correlation between total tumor perfusion parameters and peritumoral perfusion parameters.There are significant differences in perfusion parameters between different Child-Pugh classifications of liver function,and the perfusion parameters obtained by the total tumor measurement can be used as the imaging indexes to reflect liver reserve function.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2087-2092, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698663

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Estrogen can promote the osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs), but the molecular mechanism is unclear. OBJECTIVE:To study the regulatory effect of estrogen on the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS: The hPDLSCs were isolated and purified by digestion method combined with limited dilution clone method. Three experimental groups were set as follows: osteogenic induction only (control group); 1×10-7mol/L estrogen with osteogenic induction (estrogen group); and 100 μg/L Wnt3a protein with osteogenic induction (Wnt3a group). Alkaline phosphatase activity was detected at 1, 3, 5, 7 days of osteogenic induction. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway related proteins β-catenin, P-GSK-3β, GSK-3β, CyclinD1 and osteoblast-related proteins Runx2 and OCN after 7 days of osteogenic induction. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The activity of ALP in all groups increased with time. The expression level of ALP in the estrogen group and Wnt3a group was higher than that in the control group at 1, 3, 5 and 7 days of induction (P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference between the former two groups (P > 0.05). The western blot results showed that the expression levels of β-catenin, P-GSK-3β, CyclinD1, Runx2 and OCN in the estrogen group and Wnt3a group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05), while the expression of GSK-3β was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). But there were no differences in the expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway related proteins and mid-late osteogenic markers between estrogen group and Wnt3a group (P > 0.05). To conclude, estrogen can enhance the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs, and the underlying mechanism is likely to activate the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in activated hPDLSCs exposed to estrogen.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 542-547, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have found that the oral intake of contraceptives reduces the rate of orthodontic tooth movement. This study mainy explores the effects of oral contraceptives on periodontium remodeling during orthodontic tooth movement in a female rat model. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) on the expression levels of progesterone receptor and osteoprotegerin, as well as the number of osteoclasts in the periodontium during orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS: Eighty 3-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups (n=40 per group), and COCs (marvelon, experimental group) or normal saline (control group) was then given by gavage. At 7 days after administration, the right maxillary first molars were moved mesially under a force of 50 g delivered by nickel-titanium coil springs, and 10 rats were killed on day 7, 14, 21 and 28 after loading, respectively. The expression levels of progesterone receptor and osteoprotegerin in the periodontium were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the number of activated osteoclasts was measured by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: At 28 days after force loading, the expression level of progesterone receptor in the periodontium in the experimental group (0.307±0.03) was significantly higher than that in the control group (0.194±0.11), (P < 0.01). The number of osteoclasts in the maxillary first molars in the experimental group was significantly less than that in the control group at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after force loading (P < 0.05). The average absorbance value of osteoprotegerin in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01). These results show that COCs are able to promote osteogenesis and slow bone absorption during periodontal reconstruction, indicating that the course of orthodontic treatment for female patients with a history of COCs intake may be extended.

10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 227-231, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698232

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possible molecular mechanism for alpha(α)-mangostin's inhibition of the proliferation and apoptosis of human gastric cancer cells.Methods Human gastric adenocarcinoma SGC7901 cell line was treated with α-mangostin.CCK8 method was used to measure the viability of SGC7901 cells.The effect of α-mangostin on apoptosis and cell cycle was determined by immune fluorescence and flow cytometry.The expression of the relevant proteins was detected using Western blot.The shapiro-wilk test was performed for evaluation of deviation from normality.Normally distributed data was analyzed with one-way ANOVA.Welch test was used in data with heterogeneity of variance and multiple compared by Games-Howell test after that.Results CCK8 results showed that cell viability differed significantly among groups treated with different concentrations of α-mangostin(10,15,20,25,and 30 μmol/L)(P<0.05).QPCR data showed that the concentration of α-mangostin was positively correlated with mRNA level of LC 3 but not caspase protein(r=0.976,P<0.05).In 15 μmol/L but not 10 μmol/L α-mangostin treatment system,the autophagy inhibitors 3-MA(10 μmol/L),bafilomycin A(10 μmol/L)and LY294002(10 μmol/L)could significantly alleviate α-mangostin's killing effect on SGC7901 cells(P<0.05).Conclusion The anti-tumor effects of α-mangostin against human gastric adenocarcinoma cells in vitro can be partly attributed to apoptosis,autophagy and arresting cell phase.

11.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 284-287, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698025

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical usefulness and safety of soluble dietary fiber (SDF) combined with probiotics in treating elderly patients with antibiotic associated diarrhea(AAD).Methods A total of 88 hospitalized elderly patients (≥65 years old) treated with antibiotics during August 2014 to August 2016 were included in this study. Patients were divided into control group(26 cases),probiotics group(30 cases)and combined group(32 cases).The control group was given maltodextrin as placebo intervention, the probiotics group was given the same dose of probiotics only, and the combined group was given SDF and probiotics treatment. The treatment was observed for 14 d. The incidence and the recurrence rate of ADD, the results of fecal culture and the incidence of adverse reactions were monitored in the three groups. Results The incidence of ADD was obviously lower in the combined group and the probiotics group than that of control group(6.25% vs.26.92%,6.67% vs.26.92%,P<0.05).The disease duration of diarrhea was shorter in the combined group than that of probiotic group[(3.53 ± 0.62)d vs.(4.39 ± 1.01)d,P<0.05],but no difference was found when compared with that of control group [(3.55 ± 0.65) d]. After 7-day intervention, Enterococcus counts was significantly deceased in probiotic group(P<0.05).There were no significant changes in Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium counts in probiotic group after 14-day intervention. In the combined group, after 7-day intervention, Enterococcus counts decreased (P<0.05), and then started increasing until the 14-day(P<0.05).Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium counts increased with the time passed (P<0.05).The incidence rates of total adverse reactions were 6.25%,10.00% and 23.07% for combined group,probiotics group and control group,and with no significant differences between them.Conclusion The probiotics combined with SDF has a good clinical effect on preventing the occurrence of antibiotic associated diarrhea and shortening the course of diarrhea in the elderly.It has high safety and it can regulate the intestinal flore with high safety.

12.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 930-933, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693697

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of Xingshen-Kaiqiao combined with salviae miltiorrhizae and ligustrazine hydrochloride injection in the treatment of acute cerebral infarct (ACI). Methods A total of 142 patients with ACI meeting the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into 2 groups, with 71 cases in each group. The control group received intravenous injection of salviae miltiorrhizae and ligustrazine hydrochloride injection on the basis of routine treatment, and the observation group was given Xingshen-Kaiqiao acupuncture method on the basis of the control group. After treatment of ed with 14 days, the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the central nervous specific protein (S100γ) was detected by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, the level of homocysteine (Hcy) was detected by circulating enzyme method. T, the level of hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was detected by immunization turbidimetry, and the automatic coagulant was used to detecded the D-Dimer (D-D) and antithrombin Ⅲ (AT Ⅲ) levels by the automatic coagulant. The degree of nerve function defect in patients were evaluated using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and the daily living ability of the patients by the improved barthel index (MBI) were evaluated, and the clinical efficacy was also observed. Results The total effective rate of the observation group was 97.2% (69/71), and the total effective rate of thecontrol group was 88.7% (63/71), with the difference showing statistically significant (χ2=3.873, P=0.049). The score of 7 d (6.1 ± 1.9 vs. 8.2 ± 2.1, t=2.520), 14 d (3.8 ± 1.1 vs. 6.2 ± 1.8, t=2.712) of the observation group were significantly lower than that those of the control group (P<0.05); ). The MBI scores after 7 d and 14 d were respectively (77.7 ± 8.1 vs. 64.1 ± 7.1, t=2.803) and 14 d and (83.2 ± 9.1 vs. 76.5 ± 7.8, t=4.014) of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.05); ). After the treatment, the D-D (0.79 ± 0.33 g/ml vs. 1.22 ± 0.37 g/ml, t=4.221), Hcy (13.46 ± 2.89 μmol/L vs. 18.33 ± 3.09 μmol/L, t=5.692), hs-CRP (12.85 ± 3.23 mg/L vs. 18.65 ± 4.13 mg/L t=5.279), the S100γ (91.63% ± 5.06% vs. 83.05% ± 4.87%, t=6.086) of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.01). Conclusions The combination of Xingshen-Kaiqiao acupuncture method and salviae miltiorrhizae and ligustrazine hydrochloride injection can improve the level of anticoagulant factor in the patients, and reduce the inflammatory response in the infarct area and promote the recovery of nerve.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 899-906, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687011

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are the most common sleep disorders in Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to identify whether RBD could alleviate OSA severity in PD patients and its effect on cognitive impairment.</p><p><b>Methods</b>From February 2014 to May 2017, we recruited 174 PD patients from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, all of whom underwent polysomnography (PSG). We collected clinical data, PSG results, and compared information between patients with and without RBD or OSA by analysis of covariance. We also investigated the effect of these sleep disorders on cognitive impairment using linear regression.</p><p><b>Results</b>We grouped participants as follows: PD only (n = 53), PD + OSA (n = 29), PD + RBD (n = 61), and PD + RBD + OSA (n = 31). Minimum oxygen saturation (SaO) during whole sleep and in REM sleep was higher in PD + RBD + OSA patients than that in PD + OSA patients. PD + RBD patients had worse Mini-Mental Status Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores than those in the PD group (P < 0.001), especially in visuospatial/executive, attention, and memory functions. The PD + OSA group performed worse than the PD group in the delayed recall domain. After adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, education, disease severity, and other sleep disorders, MoCA was negatively associated with OSA (β = -0.736, P = 0.043) and RBD (β = -2.575,P < 0.001). The severity of RBD (tonic/phasic electromyography activity) and OSA (apnea-hypopnea index/oxygen desaturation index/minimum SaO) were also associated with MoCA. The adjusted β values of RBD-related parameters were higher than that for OSA.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>We found that RBD alleviated OSA severity; however, RBD and OSA together exacerbated PD cognitive impairment. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether OSA treatment can improve cognition in PD.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Linear Models , Parkinson Disease , Pathology , Polysomnography , REM Sleep Behavior Disorder , Pathology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Pathology , Sleep, REM , Physiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Health Policy ; (12): 25-28, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703566

ABSTRACT

Using stakeholder involvement analysis to analyze the appeal,position,power and role of stakehold-ers involved in the creation of the no-fault compensation system of medical damage,this paper believes that the gov-ernment,including the health administrative department, is the concrete maker and the important facilitator of the policy implementation,which needs to take advantage of the public power to predominate the creation and trial opera-tion of the system;the medical staffs,patients and their families are the direct beneficiary of the policy,but it is nec-essary to ensure the good operation of the system by establishing diversified financing channels and setting reasonable compensation scope. The judicial appraisal institution and the expert group are the important guarantors of the policy implementation,but the authentication system should be unified and the expert group evaluation mechanism should be introduced. The insurance industry is an important propellant of policy implementation, but it needs to increase its participation by taking measures,such as expanding financing channels. The news media has an important influence on the making and implementation of the policy and should be properly guided to play its positive role.

15.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 49-52, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695750

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the general characteristics of suicide in patients with mental illness,to discuss the characteristics of suicide death,and to provide reference for the social intervention of suicide in the early stages.Methods We collected the suicide cases of 438 patients with mental illness in Shanghai Pudong New Area from 2007 to 2016,and analyzed their sex,age,way of death and cause of death.Results In these 438 cases of suicide,women were significantly more than men.The age mainly distributed between 30 and 70 years old,and the highest of incidence rate occurred between 60 and 70 years old.Among these patients,the youngest one was 11 years old,and the oldest one was 93 years old.Depression (48.2%) was the leading cause for suicide,followed by schizophrenia (16.7%),paranoia (1.6%) and anxiety (0.9%).Jumping from height (43.6%) and hanging (31.5%) were the most common ways of suicide.There was pre-signal (suicide notes,expression of suicidal and suicidal history) in 47 cases.Conclusions Mental disorders,especially depression,has become an indispensable fator in the suicide people.We should pay enough attention to early intervention and treatment in order to avoid tragedy again.

16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1417-1424, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between air pollution and the number of pneumonia hospitalization in a children's hospital in Changsha.Methods:Children who have been in this hospital for the treatment of pneumonia between December 2013 and December 2015 were enrolled in this study.Based on daily meteorological data and air pollution data from December 2013 to December 2015 in Changsha,we constructed a generalized additive model to analyze the relationship between air pollution and the number of pneumonia hospitalization.Results:During the research,the average concentration of PM2.5 and PM10 exceeded the Grade Ⅱ national standards for air quality.The average concentration of SO2 exceeded the Grade Ⅰ national standards.The change of all the 3 main air pollution indexes showed strong statistical relationship with the change of the number of pneumonia hospitalization (P<0.05),among which,the impact of SO2 ranked number 1,followed by PM2.5 and PM10.Effect of atmospheric pollution on the number of pneumonia boys was basically same as that in the total pneumonia children (P<0.05).The effect on girls showed no statistical relationship in both models (P>0.05).Conclusion:The concentrations of SO2'PM2.5 and PM10 are positively correlated with pneumonia hospitalization number of children,and their effect on boys is more obvious than that in the girls.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1215-1220, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515041

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Surgeries on maxillary sinus carcinoma, soft palate carcinoma, tonsillar cancer and other malignant tumors and surgical trauma are known to cause mandibular defects. Patients with mandibular defects usually present with chewing, swallowing and speech dysfunction and imperfect facial appearance. It is difficult to repair mandibular defects in the maxillofacial surgery.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of fixed bite plate combined with intermaxillary traction screw in the repair of mandibular defects with free fibular flap.METHODS: Seventy-five patients with mandibular defects reconstructed using free fibular flap in the Affiliated Stomatological Medical Hospital of Southwest University of Medical Sciences from June 2014 to December 2015 were enrolled, and were than randomized to two groups: 44 patients subjected to the bite plate combined with intermaxillary traction screw served as experimental group, and the others received intermaxillary traction using dental arch splint as control group. The operation time, wound healing at donor and accepting site, the survival rate of fibular flap, facial appearance, occlusion, functional speech and complications were compared between two groups.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The mean operation time showed significant difference between the experimental ((9.1±1.7) hours) and control ((10.2±2.1) hours) groups (P < 0.05). There were significant differences in the facial appearance (38 vs. 20), occlusion (41 vs. 22), and functional speech (39 vs. 21) between experimental and control groups (P < 0.05). The all-complication rate and the rate of maxillofacial wound dehiscence in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the bite plate combined with intermaxillary traction screw is simple and effective accompanied by less complications in the repair of mandibular defects.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 684-690, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266926

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Both Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) have associated sleep disorders related to the underlying neurodegenerative pathology. Clinically, MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) resembles PD in the manifestation of prominent parkinsonism. Whether the amount of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep without atonia could be a potential marker for differentiating MSA-P from PD has not been thoroughly investigated. This study aimed to examine whether sleep parameters could provide a method for differentiating MSA-P from PD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study comprised 24 MSA-P patients and 30 PD patients, and they were of similar age, gender, and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) prevalence. All patients underwent clinical evaluation and one night of video-polysomnography recording. The tonic and phasic chin electromyogram (EMG) activity was manually quantified during REM sleep of each patient. We divided both groups in terms of whether they had RBD to make subgroup analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant difference between MSA-P group and PD group had been found in clinical characteristics and sleep architecture. However, MSA-P patients had higher apnea-hypopnea index (AHI; 1.15 [0.00, 8.73]/h vs. 0.00 [0.00, 0.55]/h, P = 0.024) and higher tonic chin EMG density (34.02 [18.48, 57.18]% vs. 8.40 [3.11, 13.06]%, P < 0.001) as compared to PD patients. Subgroup analysis found that tonic EMG density in MSA + RBD subgroup was higher than that in PD + RBD subgroup (55.04 [26.81, 69.62]% vs. 11.40 [8.51, 20.41]%, P < 0.001). Furthermore, no evidence of any difference in tonic EMG density emerged between PD + RBD and MSA - RBD subgroups (P > 0.05). Both disease duration (P = 0.056) and AHI (P = 0.051) showed no significant differences during subgroup analysis although there was a trend toward longer disease duration in PD + RBD subgroup and higher AHI in MSA - RBD subgroup. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis identified the presence of MSA-P (β = 0.552, P < 0.001) and RBD (β = 0.433, P < 0.001) as predictors of higher tonic EMG density.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tonic chin EMG density could be a potential marker for differentiating MSA-P from PD.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Body Mass Index , Electromyography , Methods , Multiple System Atrophy , Diagnosis , Parkinson Disease , Parkinsonian Disorders , Polysomnography , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1085-1092, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266857

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with long-term levodopa (L-DOPA) treatment are suffering from severe circadian dysfunction. However, it is hard to distinguish that the circadian disturbance in patients is due to the disease progression itself, or is affected by L-DOPA replacement therapy. This study was to investigate the role of L-DOPA on the circadian dysfunction in a rat model of PD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The rat model of PD was constructed by a bilateral striatal injection with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), followed by administration of saline or 25 mg/kg L-DOPA for 21 consecutive days. Rotarod test, footprint test, and open-field test were carried out to evaluate the motor function. Striatum, suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), liver, and plasma were collected at 6:00, 12:00, 18:00, and 24:00. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the expression of clock genes. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the secretion level of cortisol and melatonin. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to measure the neurotransmitters. Analysis of variance was used for data analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>L-DOPA alleviated the motor deficits induced by 6-OHDA lesions in the footprint and open-field test ( P < 0.01, P < 0.001, respectively). After L-DOPA treatment, Bmal1 decreased in the SCN compared with 6-OHDA group at 12:00 ( P < 0.01) and 24:00 ( P < 0.001). In the striatum, the expression of Bmal1, Rorα was lower than that in the 6-OHDA group at 18:00 (P < 0.05) and L-DOPA seemed to delay the peak of Per2 to 24:00. In liver, L-DOPA did not affect the rhythmicity and expression of these clock genes (P > 0.05). In addition, the cortisol secretion was increased (P > 0.05), but melatonin was further inhibited after L-DOPA treatment at 6:00 (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the circadian system of advanced PD rat models, circadian dysfunction is not only contributed by the degeneration of the disease itself but also long-term L-DOPA therapy may further aggravate it.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Blotting, Western , Body Weight , Circadian Rhythm , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Levodopa , Therapeutic Uses , Oxidopamine , Toxicity , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 631-634, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494559

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the application effect of fast track surgery(FTS)in the perioperative period of elderly patients with colorectal cancer. Methods A total of 153 colorectal cancer patients admitted in our hospital from March 2011 to July 2015 were chosen as the research ob?jects. Those patients were assigned to younger age group(0.05). Conclusion The application of FTS can signifi?cantly improve postoperative rehabilitation,shorten hospitalization time,and decrease medical costs for<65 aged colorectal patients;However, there is no significant difference in benefits for aged patients(≥65)underwent the FTS procedure. Our results suggested that we should consider whether the FTS procedure is suitable for elderly patients with colorectal cancer cautiously.

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