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1.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 991-999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015621

ABSTRACT

Drought is a common limiting factor affecting rice yield and quality. Cerium oxide nanoparticles(nanoceria) have been widely reported to improve crop stress tolerance. However, the effects and mechanisms of nanoceria on rice drought tolerance are still unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate whether nanoceria can improve rice drought tolerance by modulating reactive oxygen species(ROS) homeostasis and nitric oxide(NO) levels. Our results showed that compared with no-nanoparticle treatment, nanoceria significantly increased the fresh weight of rice seedlings under drought stress(19%, P < 0. 05). Also, under drought stress, the ROS level of rice leaves treated with nanoceria was significantly lower(82%, P < 0. 05) than leaves treated with buffer. The leaf NO level after nanoceria treatment, however, is significantly higher(46%, P < 0. 05) than that with no-nanoparticle treatment under drought stress. Moreover, compared with control plants, nanoceria maintained better membrane integrity in rice leaf cells under drought stress, showing a 70% decrease(P < 0. 05) in dead leaf cells. This study explores the mechanisms underlying nanoceria’s improved rice drought tolerance by affecting ROS and NO levels, which not only further enriches our knowledge about the interaction between nanoparticles and crops under abiotic stress but also gives more support on the sustainable development of nano-enabled agriculture.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1534-1540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013744

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the protective effect of eplerenone on the contralateral kidney in pregnant rats with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its mechanism. Methods Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham-operation group, sham-operation pregnancy group, model group and eplerenone group. The rats in the model group and eplenone group had ligation unilateral ureter, and the rats in the eplenone group were treated with 100 mg • kg

3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 831-836, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To improve the understanding of the clinical phenotypes and genetic characteristics of nephronophthisis (NPHP) and related syndromes in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of eight children with NPHP and related syndromes who were diagnosed and treated in the Department of Pediatrics of the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, from January 2018 to November 2022. The clinical characteristics and genetic testing results were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among these eight children, there were five boys and three girls, with an age of onset ranging from 15 months to 12 years. All 8 children exhibited different degrees of renal function abnormalities when they attended the hospital. Among the eight children, two had the initial symptom of delayed development, two had the initial symptom of anemia, and two were found to have abnormal renal function during physical examination. The extrarenal manifestations included cardiovascular abnormalities in two children, skeletal dysplasia in two children, liver dysfunction in one child, retinitis pigmentosa in one child, and visceral translocation in one child. All eight children had renal structural changes on ultrasound, and four children had mild to moderate proteinuria based on routine urine test. Of all eight children, five had NPHP1 gene mutations and one each had a gene mutation in the NPHP3, IFT140, and TTC21B genes, and four new mutation sites were discovered.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with NPHP and related syndromes often have the initial symptom of delayed development or anemia, and some children also have extrarenal manifestations. NPHP and related syndromes should be considered for children with unexplained renal dysfunction, and high-throughput sequencing may help to make a confirmed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1631-1647, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982820

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is the pathological structure of incurable fibroproliferative lung diseases that are attributed to the repeated lung injury-caused failure of lung alveolar regeneration (LAR). Here, we report that repetitive lung damage results in a progressive accumulation of the transcriptional repressor SLUG in alveolar epithelial type II cells (AEC2s). The abnormal increased SLUG inhibits AEC2s from self-renewal and differentiation into alveolar epithelial type I cells (AEC1s). We found that the elevated SLUG represses the expression of the phosphate transporter SLC34A2 in AEC2s, which reduces intracellular phosphate and represses the phosphorylation of JNK and P38 MAPK, two critical kinases supporting LAR, leading to LAR failure. TRIB3, a stress sensor, interacts with the E3 ligase MDM2 to suppress SLUG degradation in AEC2s by impeding MDM2-catalyzed SLUG ubiquitination. Targeting SLUG degradation by disturbing the TRIB3/MDM2 interaction using a new synthetic staple peptide restores LAR capacity and exhibits potent therapeutic efficacy against experimental PF. Our study reveals a mechanism of the TRIB3-MDM2-SLUG-SLC34A2 axis causing the LAR failure in PF, which confers a potential strategy for treating patients with fibroproliferative lung diseases.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970232

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of fungal sepsis in 25 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) among preterm infants in China, and to provide a basis for preventive strategies of fungal sepsis. Methods: This was a second-analysis of the data from the "reduction of infection in neonatal intensive care units using the evidence-based practice for improving quality" study. The current status of fungal sepsis of the 24 731 preterm infants with the gestational age of <34+0 weeks, who were admitted to 25 participating NICU within 7 days of birth between May 2015 and April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. These preterm infants were divided into the fungal sepsis group and the without fungal sepsis group according to whether they developed fungal sepsis to analyze the incidences and the microbiology of fungal sepsis. Chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of fungal sepsis in preterm infants with different gestational ages and birth weights and in different NICU. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to study the outcomes of preterm infants with fungal sepsis, which were further compared with those of preterm infants without fungal sepsis. The 144 preterm infants in the fungal sepsis group were matched with 288 preterm infants in the non-fungal sepsis group by propensity score-matched method. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors of fungal sepsis. Results: In all, 166 (0.7%) of the 24 731 preterm infants developed fungal sepsis, with the gestational age of (29.7±2.0) weeks and the birth weight of (1 300±293) g. The incidence of fungal sepsis increased with decreasing gestational age and birth weight (both P<0.001). The preterm infants with gestational age of <32 weeks accounted for 87.3% (145/166). The incidence of fungal sepsis was 1.0% (117/11 438) in very preterm infants and 2.0% (28/1 401) in extremely preterm infants, and was 1.3% (103/8 060) in very low birth weight infants and 1.7% (21/1 211) in extremely low birth weight infants, respectively. There was no fungal sepsis in 3 NICU, and the incidences in the other 22 NICU ranged from 0.7% (10/1 397) to 2.9% (21/724), with significant statistical difference (P<0.001). The pathogens were mainly Candida (150/166, 90.4%), including 59 cases of Candida albicans and 91 cases of non-Candida albicans, of which Candida parapsilosis was the most common (41 cases). Fungal sepsis was independently associated with increased risk of moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (adjusted OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.04-2.22, P=0.030) and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (adjusted OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.12-5.80, P=0.025). Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure (adjusted OR=2.50, 95%CI 1.50-4.17, P<0.001), prolonged use of central line (adjusted OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.03-1.08, P<0.001) and previous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (adjusted OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.02-1.06, P<0.001) were all independently associated with increasing risk of fungal sepsis. Conclusions: Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis are the main pathogens of fungal sepsis among preterm infants in Chinese NICU. Preterm infants with fungal sepsis are at increased risk of moderate to severe BPD and severe ROP. Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure, prolonged use of central line and prolonged duration of TPN will increase the risk of fungal sepsis. Ongoing initiatives are needed to reduce fungal sepsis based on these risk factors.


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Sepsis/epidemiology , Retinopathy of Prematurity/epidemiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology
6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 206-210, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920822

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize our experience in the treatment of esophageal foreign bodies. Methods    A retrospective analysis of 149 patients of esophageal foreign bodies in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from December 2011 to May 2019 was carried out, including 75 (50.3%) females and 74 (49.7%) males with an average age of 57 (2-85) years. Results    There were 146 patients confirmed by endoscopy, and 3 patients were not found foreign body. Among the confirmed patients, 127 patients were removed by gastroscope and 19 patients were treated by operation. Esophageal foreign bodies are mainly related to the types of food. Jujube seed is the most common food foreign body in the northwest China. The injury rate of mucosal was 47.54% within 48 hours. The complication rate of taking out the foreign body after 48 hours was 100.0%. The success rate by endoscopy decreased (P=0.005), if the foreign body combined perforation. There was no statistical difference between the neck and other parts when using ultra-fine gastroscope (P=0.157). Conclusion    The sharper the foreign body is, the easier the perforation is. The earlier the foreign body is removed, the less complications are. The size of the foreign body determines the difficulty of endoscopic removal. Gastroscopy is the first choice for diagnosis and treatment, especially ultra-fine gastroscopy, and the foreign bodies that cannot be removed by endoscopy need surgical treatment.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 743-749, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and signal intensity ratio (SIR) of MR diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in quantitative evaluation of lumbar spine osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 175 patients with lumbar spine diseases who received dualenergy X-ray absorption (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD), routine MRI and DWI of the lumbar spine from May 2017 to October 2019 were selected. According to the T-value of DXA, the patients were divided into osteoporosis group (64 cases), osteopenia group (53 cases) and normal bone mass group (58 cases). The ADC and SIR values of L@*RESULTS@#There were statistically significant differences in ADC and SIR values among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#ADC and SIR can better reflect the BMD of patients with lumbar diseases, and can quantitatively evaluate the vertebral body of osteoporosis, which play an important role in the diagnosis of lumbar osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Osteoporosis/diagnostic imaging
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 354-359, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of different anterior surgical methods in treating single segment cervical disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 46 patients with single-segment cervical disc herniation underwent surgical treatment from September 2013 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups according to different surgical methods. Among them, 23 patients in the anterior percutanousendomic cervical dissection (APECD) group, there were 8 males and 15 females, aged (47±3) years old, prominent segments were C@*RESULTS@#All 46 patients were followed up for 12 to 24 (17.57±3.15)months. The follow-up time of APECD, CDR, ACDF groups were (17.30±3.25), (17.80±3.16), (17.85±2.88) months, and operation time were (95.48 ±13.85), (58.50±7.09), (76.00±15.72) min, respectively, there were no significant differences in follow-up time and operation time between two groups(@*CONCLUSION@#The three anterior surgical approaches can achieve satisfactory clinical results for the treatment of single-segment cervical disc herniation. However, the improvement rate of the CDR group and the activity of the retained responsibility segment are better than those of the other two groups. APECD surgery may have recurrence.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Total Disc Replacement , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1295-1299, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes in metabolic markers and clinical outcome after treatment with different drug regimens in children with bipolar affective disorder.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 220 children with bipolar affective disorder who attended the hospital from January 2017 to January 2020. According to the treatment method, 112 children treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs alone were enrolled as the control group, and 108 children treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs combined with mood stabilizer were enrolled as the study group. The two groups were compared in terms of baseline data, changes in related metabolic markers[fasting insulin (FIN), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)] after treatment, incidence rate of metabolic syndrome, and clinical outcome.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the baseline data including age, sex, and course of disease between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Atypical antipsychotic drugs combined with mood stabilizer in the treatment of bipolar disorder in children have little effect on the level of metabolic markers, and the curative effect is significant.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use , Biomarkers/blood , Bipolar Disorder/drug therapy , Cholesterol, HDL , Mood Disorders , Retrospective Studies , Triglycerides
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1245-1250, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879784

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence rate of infectious diseases during hospitalization in late preterm infants in Beijing, China, as well as the risk factors for infectious diseases and the effect of breastfeeding on the development of infectious diseases.@*METHODS@#Related data were collected from the late preterm infants who were hospitalized in the neonatal wards of 25 hospitals in Beijing, China, from October 23, 2015 to October 30, 2017. According to the feeding pattern, they were divided into a breastfeeding group and a formula feeding group. The two groups were compared in terms of general status and incidence rate of infectious diseases. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for infectious diseases.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 576 late preterm infants were enrolled, with 153 infants in the breastfeeding group and 1 423 in the formula feeding group. Of all infants, 484 (30.71%) experienced infectious diseases. The breastfeeding group had a significantly lower incidence rate of infectious diseases than the formula feeding group (22.88% vs 31.55%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Breastfeeding can significantly reduce the incidence of infectious diseases and is a protective factor against infectious diseases in late preterm infants. Breastfeeding should therefore be actively promoted for late preterm infants during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Beijing/epidemiology , Breast Feeding , China/epidemiology , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Incidence , Infant, Premature
11.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 1384-1388, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779526

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the related factors of lymph node metastasis and ovary involvement in endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Methods The clinicopathological data of endometrioid adenocarcinoma patients who underwent surgical treatment at the first affiliated hospital of university of science and technology of China from January 2011 to January 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 189 endometrioid adenocarcinoma were retrieved in the study. Results In the univariate analysis, D-dimer, preoperative plasma fibrinogen and CA125 levels could be elevated in endometrioid adenocarcinoma patients with ovary involvement (all P<0.05). Endometroid adenocarcinoma patients with lymph node metastasis had lower body mass index (BMI) (t=2.133, P=0.040), preoperative plasma fibrinogen, D-dimer, CA125 levels and BMI were higher in patients with lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). In Logistic regression analysis, D-dimer levels(OR=1.448, 95% CI:1.105-1.898) and preoperative plasma fibrinogen(OR=1.925, 95% CI:1.018-3.640) were elevated in endometrioid adenocarcinoma patients with ovary involvement; Multiparity was the protective factor(OR=0.498, 95% CI: 0.253-0.982) for endometrioid adenocarcinoma patients with lymph node metastasis, but elevated preoperative plasma fibrinogen (OR=2.191, 95% CI: 1.085-4.422) was the risk factor among the patients. Conclusion Increased preoperative plasma fibrinogen or D-dimer levels could be predictors of lymph node metastasis or ovary involvement in endometrioid adenocarcinoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 103-106, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743408

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical application value of serum tumor abnormal protein (TAP)in early diagnosis of breast cancer.Methods The serum TAP level was determined in 53 hospitalized patients with breast cancer and 65 cases of normal physical examination population as the control group.We further compared the positive rate of TAP in the two groups and the expression level of TAP between different clinical pathological parameters in breast cancer group.Results There was no case of TAP positive in the control group,while the positive rate of TAP was as high as 83.02% in breast cancer group.TAP positive rate of the patients with negative PR (100.00%) was significantly higher than that of PR positive patients (73.53%)(P=0.019).However there was no significant difference of TAP positive rate between patients with different ages,clinical stages,lymph node metastasis and the different expression of ER,C-erbB2 and Ki67.Conclusion It might be clinically valuable to use TAP expression level as a screening marker for breast cancer in combination with the breast cancer hormone PR.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 580-584, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707343

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of hemiarthroplasty with different hip prostheses on the prognosis of unstable osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients.Methods A retrospective case series study was conducted on the clinical data of 556 elderly patients with unstable osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fractures treated with hemiarthroplasty from January 2008 to December 2014.There were 142 males and 414 females,aged (83.1 ± 6.9) years (range,75-103 years).The T value of bone mineral density was-3.5--2.5 SD [(-2.8 ± 0.2) SD].There were 306 cases of type A2.2 and 250 cases of type A2.3 according to AO classification.There were 296 cases of cement type and 260 biological type according to prosthesis type.Operation time,blood loss,time for ambulation,Harris hip score,and incidence of perioperative major complications were used to compare the therapeutic outcomes between the two types of prostheses.Results The operation time [(75.5 ±9.2) minutes],blood loss [(992.9 ± 94.2)ml],and time for ambulation[(7.1 ± 1.8) days] in cement type group were all less than those [(86.1 ± 9.3) minutes,(1 139.5 ± 96.0) ml,and (8.6 ± 2.1) days]in biological type group,but the lung infection rate (19.9%),incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular complications (15.9%) and total death rate (7.1%) in cement type group were significantly greater than the those (13.5%,8.8% and 1.9%) in biological type group (P < 0.05).There was nosignificant difference in Harris score (73.6% vs.82.7%) between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions In the treatment of unstable osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients by hemiarthroplasty,the use of cement type prosthesis can reduce operation time,blood loss and bed rest time,but it will lead to significant increases of cardio-cerebrovascular complication and overall mortality.The prosthesis type has no significant effect on the improvement of hip function.

14.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 286-288,292, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692661

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of combined detection of NGAL,L-FABP and KIM-1 in urine for early acute kidney injury in children.Methods 128 cases sepsis patients in our hospital during ICU from September 2015 to September 2016 were enrolled in the study,according to the occurrence of acute renal injury(AIK)were divided into observation group and control group,the incidence of AKI in 26 ca-ses as the observation group,102 cases without AKI as control group;the content of urine collected from two groups of children,NGAL L-FABP,KIM-1.Results In AKI group 6 h NGAL,L-FABP,Kim-1 in urine in-creased significantly higher than that of the other time points and non AKI group level,significant difference was statistically significant;6h NGAL,L-FABP,Kim-1 in urine combined detection efficiency is highest,sen-sitivity,specificity and positive pre detection value and negative predictive value were measured 86.7%,97. 8%,78.3% a,98.7% a,was significantly higher than the diagnostic efficacy of urinary NGAL,L-FABP,Kim-1;6h,L-FABP,NGAL in the urine level of KIM-1 and 48h in patients with creatinine and GFR levels of correla-tion analysis found that in children with early urinary NGAL,L-FABP,KIM-1 and 48h in children with creati-nine and GFR levels were positive related.Conclusion The detection of NGAL,L-FABP and KIM-1 in urine is of great significance in the diagnosis of AKI in children,which is worthy of clinical application.

15.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 358-361, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513859

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the relationship between inflammatory factors and relevant risk factors in patients of essential hypertension (EH) combining acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with its clinical significance. Methods: Our research included 3 groups: EH group, n=79 patients with standard criteria, EH+ACS group, n=85 and Control group, n=48 normal subjects. Blood levels of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), tryptase (TPS) and relevant clinical, biochemical parameters were measured; risk factors for cardiovascular disease were examined and the relationship between above parameters, risk factors and ACS occurrence in EH patients was studied by Logistic regression analysis. Results: The OR values were all greater than 1 in fibrinogen (Fbg), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), TPS, atherosclerotic plaque, Lp-PLA2 and EH grading. Fbg was the most significant independent risk factor (OR=22.242, 95% CI 6.458-76.609, P<0.0001), the standardized partial regression coefficient b'as absolute value (b') was 1.079 which was the highestone in above 6 variables with the strongest impact for ACS occurrence in EH patients. Conclusion: Fbg, hs-CRP, TPS, atherosclerotic plaque and EH grading were the independent risk factors for ACS occurrence in EH patients; Fbg was the highest risk factor for ACS occurrence with the strongest impact, which provided a new direction for ACS prevention and treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 92-97, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509068

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the effects of edaravone on high glucose-induced apoptosis of SH-SY5Y cells and its potential mechanism .METHODS:The SH-SY5Y cells were cultured in the DMEM medium with 100 mmol/L glucose and 100μmol/L edaravone for 24 h.The viability of the SH-SY5Y cells was detected by MTT assay .The levels of ROS in the cells were determined by DCFH-DA fluorescent probing .The apoptotic rates of the cells were analyzed by flow cytome-try.The protein expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in the cells were detected by Western blot .The expression levels of micro-RNA-25 (miR-25) were determined by real-time PCR.To further clarify the target sites of edaravone on inhibiting apopto-sis induced by high glucose , miR-25 inhibitor was applied to the SH-SY5Y cells and the activity of caspase-3 was meas-ured.RESULTS:Compared with control group , the cell viability was decreased significantly in model group , and the ROS level was increased significantly .The protein expression of Bax was up-regulated significantly , while the expression levels of Bcl-2 and miR-25 were significantly down-regulated .Compared with model group , the cell viability was increased signifi-cantly in edaravone group .The ROS level was decreased significantly .Meanwhile, the expression of Bax was down-regula-ted, while the expression of Bcl-2 and miR-25 was up-regulated with statistical significance .The caspase-3 activity of the cells incubated with 100 mmol/L glucose and miR-25 inhibitor was increased .However, no alteration of caspase-3 activity with edaravone added simultaneously was observed .CONCLUSION: Edaravone inhibits the apoptosis of SH-SY5Y cells induced by high glucose with the potential target site of miR-25.

17.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1-6, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507756

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:Hypertension,the first risk factor for stroke and coronary heart disease in the Chinese population, seriously endangers people’s health.At present,China has more than 270 million people with hypertension and an annual increase rate of 1 0 million people.Then how to improve prevention and treatment of hypertension has become an urgent need to solve major medical and social problems.In the past,research on hypertension mainly focused on the peripheral area,while recent research has shown that the central regulation plays an important role in the development of hypertension. Hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN ), which plays a key role in maintaining cardiovascular activity, can directly control the sympathetic preganglionic neurons and regulate peripheral sympathetic nerve activity,thus being closely related to the development of hypertension.Research in recent years shows that the comprehensive effects of proinflammatory cytokines (PIC ),reactive oxygen species (ROS),renin-angiotensin system (RAS),neurotransmitter (NT)and nuclear factorκB (NF-κB)are involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension.However,it is unclear how these neurohormones in PVN are activated,how they interact with each other and what role they play in the regulatory mechanism of hypertension.Therefore,the key focus of this research is to explore the impact of activated neurohormones in PVN on hypertension.This study will provide new content for the study on hypertension.

18.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of coronary slow flow (CSF) in relevant patients.Methods:A total of 1 530 patients received coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital from 2008-01 to 2010-09 were retrospectively studied.According to corrected TIMI frame counts,2 groups were established:CSF group,n=139 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis but with CSF and Control group,n=232 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis and with normal coronary blood flow.Basic clinical condition,risk factors and routine laboratory tests were compared between 2 groups;the influencing factors of CSF were evaluated by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:① The following parameters were different between 2 groups:age,gender,histories of smoking and diabetes;red blood cells (RBC),hemoglobin,mean hemoglobin concentration,hematocrit (HCT),mean RBC volume,RBC distribution width;neutrophils,monocytes,basophilic granulocyte,the ratios of lymphocytes/monocytes (LMR),neutrophils/monocytes (NMR),neutrophils/lymphocytes (NLR) and platelet/lymphocytes (PLR);glutamic oxalacetic transaminase,creatine kinase and total bile acid,P<0.05.② Correlation analysis showed that RBC (r=0.191,P<0.01),hemoglobin (r=0.184,P<0.01),neutrophils (r=0.218,P<0.01),mean hemoglobin concentration (r=0.151,P<0.01),mean RBC volume (r=-0.138,P<0.01),total bile acid (r=-0.172,P<0.01),NLR (r=0.231,P<0.01),LMR (r=-0.157,P<0.01) and NMR (r=0.121,P<0.01)were related to 3-branch mean flow frame.③ Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that total bile acid (partial regression coefficient=-0.102,P<0.01),LMR (partial regression coefficient =-0.381,P<0.01) and NMR (partial regression coefficient =0.489,P<0.01) were the independent influencing factors of coronary slow flow.Conclusion:Total bile acids,LMR and NMR were the influencing factors of coronary slow flow in relevant patients.

19.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 872-877, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660837

ABSTRACT

Objective To confirm the species of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MRAB)strains collected from our hospital by specific PCR amplification,and further investigate their distribution,antibiotic resistance and molecular classification characteristics.Methods We collected 47 MRAB clinical strains which had been identified by VITEK-2 system,followed by species confirmation using specific primers sp2F,sp4F and sp4R through PCR amplification.Antibiotic resistance characteristics were detected using VITEK-2 system.And the homology of MRAB isolates was analyzed using multilocus sequence typing (MLST).Results We confirmed 46 out of 47 strains as A .baumannii .All of them were multidrug-resistant strains,and the majority of them were found in sputum samples from patients in intensive care units (ICUs).MLST analysis found 4 ST types,namely ST195,ST218,ST368 and ST208.The last two types had the closest genetic relationship.Conclusion SpecificPCR amplification is a rapid and accurate method to identify A .baumannii .The MRAB strains in our hospital are mainly distributed in ICUs and are susceptible to only a few antibiotics such as tigecycline.

20.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 877-881, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of coronary slow flow (CSF) in relevant patients.Methods:A total of 1 530 patients received coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital from 2008-01 to 2010-09 were retrospectively studied.According to corrected TIMI frame counts,2 groups were established:CSF group,n=139 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis but with CSF and Control group,n=232 patients without obvious coronary artery stenosis and with normal coronary blood flow.Basic clinical condition,risk factors and routine laboratory tests were compared between 2 groups;the influencing factors of CSF were evaluated by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:① The following parameters were different between 2 groups:age,gender,histories of smoking and diabetes;red blood cells (RBC),hemoglobin,mean hemoglobin concentration,hematocrit (HCT),mean RBC volume,RBC distribution width;neutrophils,monocytes,basophilic granulocyte,the ratios of lymphocytes/monocytes (LMR),neutrophils/monocytes (NMR),neutrophils/lymphocytes (NLR) and platelet/lymphocytes (PLR);glutamic oxalacetic transaminase,creatine kinase and total bile acid,P<0.05.② Correlation analysis showed that RBC (r=0.191,P<0.01),hemoglobin (r=0.184,P<0.01),neutrophils (r=0.218,P<0.01),mean hemoglobin concentration (r=0.151,P<0.01),mean RBC volume (r=-0.138,P<0.01),total bile acid (r=-0.172,P<0.01),NLR (r=0.231,P<0.01),LMR (r=-0.157,P<0.01) and NMR (r=0.121,P<0.01)were related to 3-branch mean flow frame.③ Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that total bile acid (partial regression coefficient=-0.102,P<0.01),LMR (partial regression coefficient =-0.381,P<0.01) and NMR (partial regression coefficient =0.489,P<0.01) were the independent influencing factors of coronary slow flow.Conclusion:Total bile acids,LMR and NMR were the influencing factors of coronary slow flow in relevant patients.

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