Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 209
Filter
1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 24-28, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005899

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of severe weather on road traffic injuries (RTIs). Methods Relevant literature on the impact of meteorology on the occurrence and resulting casualties of road traffic injuries was searched. Meta-analysis was performed on the included literature using state16.0 software. Results A total of 28 articles were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that heat wave, cloudy day, snowy day, rainy day and other severe weather such as storm had a statistically significant impact on the occurrence of road traffic injuries. Severe weather such as storms had a statistically significant impact on RTIs casualties. Conclusion Heat wave, cloudy day, snowy day, rainy day, storm and other bad weather are independent risk factors for the occurrence of RTIs. Storm is a risk factor for accident casualties. There is not enough evidence to show that low temperature, cold wave and heavy fog are the influencing factors of road traffic accidents.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3173-3178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999096

ABSTRACT

Good palatability of pediatric drugs improves the accuracy of dosing and adherence to dosing regimens. Many active pharmaceutical ingredients have an undesirable taste, so effective taste masking methods need to be developed to improve the palatability of pediatric medicines. This article mainly introduces the commonly taste masking techniques and taste evaluation methods, and puts forward suggestions on the concerns and general principles of the pharmaceutical evaluation of taste masking effects based on cases, in order to provide reference for the development of drug taste masking technology in children.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 567-573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of radiation-based sarcopenia in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).Methods:A total of 185 clinical and imaging data of patients with MM admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from September 2009 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The area of the erector spinae muscle and the area of fatty infiltration (FI) in the fascial compartment were measured by Image-pro Ρlus software, and the area of the fat-free erector spinae muscle and the fat infiltration rate (FI%) were calculated. Sarcopenia was defined as an erector spinae area of less than 3 197 mm 2 in males and 2 895 mm 2 in females. The differences in gender, age, body mass index, disease duration, hemoglobin, leukocytes, platelets, albumin, serum calcium, lactate dehydrogenase, serum creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, M-protein, serum β 2-microglobulin, bortezomib chemotherapy, receipt of stem cell transplantation, osteopathy, stage, recurrence and progression of MM between the sarcopenia group and the normal muscle group were compared. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of sarcopenia in MM patients. Kaplan-Meier curves were drawn to compare the survival rates between the two groups. Results:53.0% (98/185) of MM patients were complicated with sarcopenia: there were 30 males, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 25.0±6.0 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 12.0±4.8 cm 2, and the FI% was 31.5%±12.0%, while there were 68 females, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 22.7±4.2 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 10.7±4.1 cm 2, and the FI% was 30.2%±9.8%. 47.0% (87/185) of MM patients had normal muscle mass: there were 62 males, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 40.6±6.5 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 9.3±4.8 cm 2, and the FI% was 17.9%±7.4%, while there were 25 females, whose fat-free erector spinae area was 33.6±5.1 cm 2, the FI of erector spinae was 9.9±3.0 cm 2, and the FI% was 21.9%±5.7%. There were statistically significant differences in the gender composition ratio (χ 2=30.47, P<0.001), hemoglobin ( t=-2.73, P=0.007), serum creatinine ( Z=-2.26, P=0.024), receipt of stem cell transplantation (χ 2=4.32, P=0.038), and MM recurrence and progression (χ 2=3.85, P=0.050) between the two groups. However, there were no significant differences in age, body mass index, course of disease, leukocytes, platelets, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, serum calcium, M-protein, serum β 2-microglobulin, bortezomib chemotherapy, osteopathy or MM stage ( P>0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that female was an independent risk factor for sarcopenia in MM patients. The survival rates at 2, 3, 4, and 5 years were 87.9%, 71.8%, 64.4%, and 53.7% in the sarcopenia group, and 92.1%, 75.8%, 66.8%, and 66.8% in the normal muscle group, respectively, with no statistically significant differences ( HR=0.71, P=0.364). Conclusion:The incidence of radiation-based sarcopenia in MM patients is 53.0%. Low hemoglobin and blood creatinine levels, not receiving stem cell transplantation, and recurrence or progression of MM are associated with sarcopenia in MM patients, and female is an independent risk factor for sarcopenia in MM patients.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 719-723,728, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992368

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the serum levels and clinical significance of Fc fragment of the IgG-binding protein (FCGBP), serum amyloid protein A1 (SAA1), and CXC chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10) in children with mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and their relationship with prognosis.Methods:A prospective study was conducted on 122 children with MPP admitted to the department of pediatrics of the 970th Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force of the Chinese People′s Liberation Army from January 2019 to December 2021. According to the severity and prognosis of MPP, they were divided into mild and severe groups, good prognosis group, and poor prognosis group. Forty healthy children who underwent physical examination during the same period were set as the control group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the serum levels of FCGBP, SAA1, and CXCL10 in each subject, and to compare the differences in serum levels of FCGBP, SAA1, and CXCL10 among different groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors of poor prognosis in MPP patients. The diagnostic value of individual and combined detection of serum procalcitonin (PCT), FCGBP, SAA1, and CXCL10 for poor prognosis in MPP children by analyzing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The levels of serum FCGBP [(115.68±10.57)ng/ml, (78.41±6.73)ng/ml, (12.55±3.25)ng/ml], SAA1 [(34.18±3.72)mg/L, (25.54±2.63)mg/L, (6.74±0.82)mg/L], and CXCL10 [(714.26±55.64)ng/L, (353.74±42.67)ng/L, (106.25±12.92)ng/L] in the severe MPP group were significant higher than those in the mild MPP group and the control group, with statistical significance (all P<0.05). The white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil percentage, C reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), PCT, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), D-dimer (D-D), FCGBP, SAA1, CXCL10 of the children in the poor prognosis group were significantly higher than those in the good prognosis group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that increased PCT ( OR=1.603, 95% CI: 1.190-2.160), FCGBP ( OR=1.757, 95% CI: 1.115-2.770), SAA1 ( OR=1.900, 95% CI: 1.327-2.720) and CXCL10 ( OR=1.704, 95% CI: 1.212-2.397) were independent risk factors for poor prognosis of MPP children (all P<0.05). The combined detection of serum PCT, FCGBP, SAA1, and CXCL10 had a significantly higher diagnostic value for the risk of poor prognosis in children with MPP than a single indicator. Conclusions:The elevated levels of serum FCGBP, SAA1, and CXCL10 in children with MPP are associated with the severity of MPP and are independent risk factors for poor prognosis in MPP patients.

5.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 620-627, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015163

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To elucidate the important role of Nogo-A in climacteric neurodegeneration such as memory impairment by observing memory function and the expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum of rats under low estrogen condition. Methods Fouthy-five female SD rats were divided into sham operation group, ovariectomized group and ovariectomized estrogen treatment group with 15 rats in each group. Medication was given 2 weeks after ovariectomized. Estrogen treatment group was subcutaneously injected in groin with estrogen [25 μg/ (kg.d)] dissolved in sterile sesame oil. The sham operation group and the ovariectomized group were given the same amount of aseptic sesame oil. Samples were collected after 6 weeks of drug treatment. The difference of memory function of rats in three groups was observed by conditioned fear training experiment, and the expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum was observed by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Results Compared with the sham and estrogen treatment group, memory function in ovariectomized group decreased significantly and the number of Nogo-A positive neurons in hippocampus and striatum of ovariectomized rats was significantly higher than that of sham operation group (P 0. 05). The result of immunoblotting was consistent with the above-mentioned immunohistochemical result. Conclusion The increased expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum under low estrogen condition may be one of the key reasons for memory impairment in climacteric women.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 284-297, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971682

ABSTRACT

Biofilms are closely associated with the tough healing and dysfunctional inflammation of chronic wounds. Photothermal therapy (PTT) emerged as a suitable alternative which could destroy the structure of biofilms with local physical heat. However, the efficacy of PTT is limited because the excessive hyperthermia could damage surrounding tissues. Besides, the difficult reserve and delivery of photothermal agents makes PTT hard to eradicate biofilms as expectation. Herein, we present a GelMA-EGF/Gelatin-MPDA-LZM bilayer hydrogel dressing to perform lysozyme-enhanced PTT for biofilms eradication and a further acceleration to the repair of chronic wounds. Gelatin was used as inner layer hydrogel to reserve lysozyme (LZM) loaded mesoporous polydopamine (MPDA) (MPDA-LZM) nanoparticles, which could rapidly liquefy while temperature rising so as to achieve a bulk release of nanoparticles. MPDA-LZM nanoparticles serve as photothermal agents with antibacterial capability, could deeply penetrate and destroy biofilms. In addition, the outer layer hydrogel consisted of gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) promoted wound healing and tissue regeneration. It displayed remarkable efficacy on alleviating infection and accelerating wound healing in vivo. Overall, the innovative therapeutic strategy we came up with has significant effect on biofilms eradication and shows promising application in promoting the repair of clinical chronic wounds.

7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 143-146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965203

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct a survey on the status of noise hazards in Tianjin in 2020, to analyze the main distribution characteristics of noise hazards, and to put forward corresponding preventive and control measures. Methods A unified questionnaire was used to investigate the city-wide enterprises with more than 5 employees, normal production and operation, and noise hazards. The χ2 test was used to analyze the survey results. Results There were 8 560 enterprises with noise hazards, which were concentrated in the five outer suburban districts, the four districts around the city and the Binhai New Area, mainly small and medium-sized enterprises. Totally, 223 800 people were exposed to noise. The rates of noise hazard detection and physical examination of workers were 25.88% and 17.66%, and the rate of over standard detection and the rate of abnormal physical examination were 13.09% and 1.62%, respectively. The differences in noise detection rate, over standard detection rate and physical examination rate were significant in different administrative regions, enterprise scales and industries. The detection rate and physical examination rate of enterprises in the five outer suburban districts, micro-scale enterprises, and paper products industries were the lowest, while the rate of exceeding standards was the highest in the railway, shipping, aerospace and other transportation equipment manufacturing industries. Conclusion Noise is a common occupational hazard in enterprises in Tianjin. There are a large number of people who are exposed to noise. The detection rate and physical examination rate of noise are at a low level. Individual industries have a high rate of exceeding the standard. The current situation of noise hazard prevention and control is not optimistic. It is recommended to pay attention to it and take effective intervention measures.

8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 180-201, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982532

ABSTRACT

Progressive functional deterioration in the cochlea is associated with age-related hearing loss (ARHL). However, the cellular and molecular basis underlying cochlear aging remains largely unknown. Here, we established a dynamic single-cell transcriptomic landscape of mouse cochlear aging, in which we characterized aging-associated transcriptomic changes in 27 different cochlear cell types across five different time points. Overall, our analysis pinpoints loss of proteostasis and elevated apoptosis as the hallmark features of cochlear aging, highlights unexpected age-related transcriptional fluctuations in intermediate cells localized in the stria vascularis (SV) and demonstrates that upregulation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperon protein HSP90AA1 mitigates ER stress-induced damages associated with aging. Our work suggests that targeting unfolded protein response pathways may help alleviate aging-related SV atrophy and hence delay the progression of ARHL.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Transcriptome , Aging/metabolism , Cochlea , Stria Vascularis , Presbycusis
9.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 422-445, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939868

ABSTRACT

Aging-induced changes in the immune system are associated with a higher incidence of infection and vaccination failure. Lymph nodes, which filter the lymph to identify and fight infections, play a central role in this process. However, careful characterization of the impact of aging on lymph nodes and associated autoimmune diseases is lacking. We combined single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) with flow cytometry to delineate the immune cell atlas of cervical draining lymph nodes (CDLNs) of both young and old mice with or without experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). We found extensive and complicated changes in the cellular constituents of CDLNs during aging. When confronted with autoimmune challenges, old mice developed milder EAU compared to young mice. Within this EAU process, we highlighted that the pathogenicity of T helper 17 cells (Th17) was dampened, as shown by reduced GM-CSF secretion in old mice. The mitigated secretion of GM-CSF contributed to alleviation of IL-23 secretion by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and may, in turn, weaken APCs' effects on facilitating the pathogenicity of Th17 cells. Meanwhile, our study further unveiled that aging downregulated GM-CSF secretion through reducing both the transcript and protein levels of IL-23R in Th17 cells from CDLNs. Overall, aging altered immune cell responses, especially through toning down Th17 cells, counteracting EAU challenge in old mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Aging , Autoimmune Diseases , Disease Models, Animal , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Th17 Cells/metabolism , Uveitis/pathology , Virulence
10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1336-1340, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954730

ABSTRACT

Objective:A rat model of excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG) was constructed to investigate the impact of EGWG on fetal hepatic lipid metabolism and the relevant regulatory mechanism.Methods:Healthy Sprague-Dawley rats were caged together and tested for pregnancy.Rats with the sperm observed under microscope were considered pregnant for 0.5 days.Pregnant rats were divided into the normal diet (ND) group and high-fat diet (HFD) group by the random number table method, with 8 rats in each group.The body weight during pregnancy of the pregnant rats was recorded.Cesarean section was performed at day 21.5 of gestation and the birth weight of the fetal rats was recorded.Hepatic lipid deposition of the pregnant and fetal rats was examined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and oil red O staining.Triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol (TC) levels in livers and serum of the pregnant and fetal rats were detected by glycerol phosphate oxidase-peroxidase(GPO-PAP) method.The mRNA and protein expression levels of key genes FASN and SREBP1c in hepatic lipid metabolism of fetal rats were measured by real-time polyme-rase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot.Differences between the two groups were compared by independent sample t test. Results:There was no difference in pre-pregnancy body weight between the HFD group and the ND group, but the differences in the weight and the weight gain during pregnancy gradually enlarged between the two groups.At day 21.5 of gestation, the weight of the pregnant rats[(467.75±22.05) g vs.(430.88±18.80) g, t=-3.600, P=0.003], the weight gain of the pregnant rats during pregnancy[(181.50±9.68) g vs.(148.50±10.86) g, t=-6.415, P<0.001] and the birth weight of the fetal rats[(5.51±0.17) g vs.(4.85±0.35) g, t=-4.779, P<0.001] of the HFD group were significantly higher than those of the ND group.Both HE staining and oil red O staining presented increased hepatic lipid deposition in the pregnant and fetal rats of the HFD group.The hepatic and serum TG and TC levels of the pregnant and fetal rats of the HFD group were significantly higher than those of the ND group (all P<0.05). RT-PCR and Western blot showed that the mRNA and protein levels of key genes FASN and SREBP1c in hepatic lipid metabolism of fetal rats of the HFD group were significantly higher than those of the ND group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:An EGWG model can be successfully constructed by a 21-day HFD during pregnancy.EGWG can lead to hepatic lipid deposition in the fetal rats.The mechanism may be related to the expression changes of key genes FASN and SREBP1c in hepatic lipid metabolism of fetal rats.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1093-1098, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of smart stethoscope on the monitoring childhood asthma exacerbation, so as to assist family management in childhood asthma.Methods:A prospective randomized controlled study was carried out.A total of 80 children with asthma who were treated at Department of Pediatric Respiratory, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and Shanghai Tonxin Pediatric Clinic from November 2020 to May 2021 were enrolled and randomly divided into a test group of 40 cases (used the smart stethoscope) and a control group of 40 cases(not used the smart stethoscope). Medical history data were collected.The control group received monthly routine follow-up, while the test group was followed up both routinely and by smart stethoscope.In the test group, hearing wheezing sound was regarded as asthma exacerbation, and in the control group, the asthma exacerbation was reported by the parents themselves.The frequency of asthma exacerbation, asthma control level and quality of life were compared between the two groups.The recognition, diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of acute asthma exacerbation in two groups of children were described and analyzed.Measurement data were analyzed by t test or Mann- Whitney U test.Numeration data were analyzed by χ2 test. Results:Respiratory sounds collected by smart stethoscope in the test group were assessed by 3 specialist physicians.There were 12 wheezing rales (42.86%), 1 moist rale (3.57%) and 1 rhonchi rale (3.57%). Besides, 12 files (42.86%) were difficult to distinguish, and 2 files (7.14%) induced inconsistent identification.The number of asthma exacerbation was 12 in the test group and 5 in the control group.In the test group, 12 were recognized by the smart stethoscope, and only 6 were recognized by the parents.Comparing the diagnosis and treatment measures between two groups, it was found that there were more children in the test group (38.1%) receiving home treatment through telemedicine than those in the control group (20.0%). Besides, there were less children (61.9%) in the test group receiving unplanned hospital treatment (including unplanned outpatient, emergency and hospitalization) than those in the control group (80.0%). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups of children during acute asthma exacerbation ( χ2=4.67, P=0.097). Parents were satisfied with the common functions, convenience and stability of smart stethoscope. Conclusions:Smart stethoscope can acquire the respiratory sounds of children with asthma in real time, achieving timely detection, diagnosis and treatment of asthma exacerbation in children.What′s more, smart stethoscope reduces the incidence of unplanned hospital diagnosis and treatment, and assists parents with better family management of children asthma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 618-624, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status quo of self-learning readiness of in-service nurses in self-taught examination and its correlation with general self-efficacy.Methods:Convenience sampling method was conducted with nurses who studied in the self-taught nursing examination of a university from a university in Sichuan Province from March to May 2020. General information questionnaire, Chinese version of Self-regulated Learning Readiness Scale for Nursing Education (SLDRS) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) were used to investigate the research. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the scores, multiple linear stepwise regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between self-learning readiness and general self-efficacy. A total of 468 questionnaires were collected and 455 were valid.Results:The total scores of 455 nurses were (147.93±18.07) points, and the overall average scores were (3.70±0.45) points. Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis showed that the desire to continue to study for postgraduate students, the times of face-to-face classes in each subject, the preference for nursing major, aimlessness and satisfaction with the forms of assistance were the important influencing factors of autonomous learning readiness ( P<0.05). There is a positive correlation between self-learning readiness and general self-efficacy ( r=0.551, P<0.05). Conclusion:The self-learning readiness of nurses for self-taught examination is at a medium level. Their self-learning ability may be improved by encouraging them to carry out career planning, improving their professional identity and self-efficacy, and choosing teaching methods that are more suitable for in-service staff.

13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 5-14, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928508

ABSTRACT

Continuous spermatogenesis depends on the self-renewal and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). SSCs, the only male reproductive stem cells that transmit genetic material to subsequent generations, possess an inherent self-renewal ability, which allows the maintenance of a steady stem cell pool. SSCs eventually differentiate to produce sperm. However, in an in vitro culture system, SSCs can be induced to differentiate into various types of germ cells. Rodent SSCs are well defined, and a culture system has been successfully established for them. In contrast, available information on the biomolecular markers and a culture system for livestock SSCs is limited. This review summarizes the existing knowledge and research progress regarding mammalian SSCs to determine the mammalian spermatogenic process, the biology and niche of SSCs, the isolation and culture systems of SSCs, and the biomolecular markers and identification of SSCs. This information can be used for the effective utilization of SSCs in reproductive technologies for large livestock animals, enhancement of human male fertility, reproductive medicine, and protection of endangered species.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Adult Germline Stem Cells , Cell Differentiation , Spermatogenesis , Spermatogonia , Stem Cells
14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 383-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935817

ABSTRACT

Objective: To learn about the noise exposure and health status of workers and analyze factors that may affect the health outcomes of workers in an auto manufacturing enterprise in Tianjin City. Methods: In September 2020, occupational hygiene survey, noise exposure level detection and occupational health examination data collection were carried out in an auto parts manufacturing enterprise. Chi square test and unconditional logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the health effects of noise exposure and hearing loss of 361 noise exposure workers. Results: The rates of over-standard noise exposure, hearing loss and hypertension were 69.39% (34/49) , 33.24% (120/361) and 11.36% (41/361) , respectively. There were upward trends on age and noise-working years for hearing loss and hypertension rates (χ(2)=-5.95, -6.16, -2.81, -2.74, P<0.05) . Unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that age>35 years old, noise exposure length of service >10 years and noise L(EX, 8 h)>85 dB (A) were risk factors for hearing loss (OR=3.57, 95%CI: 1.09, 11.75; OR=4.05, 95%CI: 1.97, 8.25; OR=1.75, 95%CI: 1.00, 3.05; P=0.036, 0.001, 0.047) . Conclusion: This company has a high rate of job noise exceeding the standard, and noise-exposed workers have more serious hearing loss. Age, noise exposure and high noise exposure are risk factors for hearing loss.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Automobiles , Deafness , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/etiology , Hypertension/complications , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/complications , Occupational Exposure/analysis
15.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 97-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935753

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the role and significance of pyroptosis in gas explosion-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats. Methods: In February 2018, 126 SPF male SD rats were selected and randomly divided into blank control group (18 rats) and experimental group (40 m, 80 m, 120 m, 160 m, 200 m and 240 m, 18 per group) . The experimental group carried out gas explosion in the roadway to build the ALI model, the control group did not carry out gas explosion, and other conditions were consistent with the experimental group. Respiratory function indexes such as respiratory frequency (f) , tidal volume (TV) , minute ventilation (MV) and airway stenosis index (Penh) were measured 24 hours after the explosion. 5 rats in each group were sacrificed after anesthesia, Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological morphology of lung tissue. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the content of Caspase-1. Western blotting was used to detect the content of cell pyroptosis including nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) , Caspase-1, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in lung tissue related protein expression. Results: The f and MV of rats in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . Except for the 40 m and 80 m groups, the TV of rats in the other experimental groups were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . Except for the 40 m group, the Penh of rats in the experimental groups were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05) . HE staining showed that the lung tissue of the experimental groups at different distance points showed obvious edema of the pulmonary interstitium and alveoli, a large number of red blood cells and inflammatory cells exuded in the alveolar space, thickening of the pulmonary interstitium, and increased lung injury score (P<0.05) . The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the positive expression of Caspase-1 in each experimental group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) . Western blotting results showed that the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins in each experimental group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Pyroptosis is involved in the pathophysiological process of gas explosion-induced ALI in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Explosions , Lung/pathology , Pyroptosis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 609-613, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935332

ABSTRACT

The mortality of female breast cancer in Shandong Province has increased since the 1970. The differential decomposition analysis found that the slight decline in the crude mortality of breast cancer among women was entirely due to non-demographic factors during the 1970-1990, and the significant increase in the crude mortality was due to a combination of demographic and non-demographic factors since the 1990. The contribution rate of demographic factor has gradually increased from 53.5% in 2004-2005 to 59.5% in 2011-2013, while that of non-demographic factor has decreased from 46.5% to 40.5%. The women aged 45-64 years old were the major population of female breast cancer deaths, accounting for 40%-60% of total breast cancer deaths in different times, and then the mortality in female aged 55-64 years old increased rapidly, with increases of 52.12%, 115.19% and 29.01% in 2011-2013 over the 1970-1974, 1990-1992 and 2004-2005, respectively (Z=-7.342,P<0.001). Compared with 1970-1974, the age-standardized mortality rate of rural women increased by 41.86% in 2011-2013 (Z=-17.933, P<0.001), and that of urban women increased by 18.62% in 2011-2013 (Z=-25.642, P<0.001). The age-standardized mortality rate of breast cancer in urban women was higher than that in rural women in different times (all P<0.05). The spatial scan analysis found that eastern Shandong Province was found to be a sustained high-risk area for death, and other high-risk areas were transferred from north to southwest of Shandong between 1970 and 2013.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Rural Population , Spatial Analysis
17.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 73-76, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923341

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of occupational diseases in Dandong from 2015 to 2019, discuss the characteristics and rules of occupational diseases, and provide theoretical basis for the formulation of occupational disease prevention measures. Methods The occupational disease report data of Dandong from 2015 to 2019 were collected and analyzed by using Excel and SPSS statistical software. Results From 2015 to 2019, a total of 112 new cases of occupational diseases were reported in Dandong, including 108 cases of occupational pneumoconiosis, accounting for 96.43%. Four patients with other occupational diseases, accounting for 3.57% . Among the newly reported cases of occupational diseases, 111 cases were male, accounting for 99.10%, and one case was female, accounting for 0.89%. There were statistically significant differences in the reported conditions of different types of occupational diseases according to gender (P 0.05). The length of contact at the onset of the disease was mainly concentrated in 11-20 years, and there was no statistical significance in the comparison of the length of contact at the onset of different types of occupational diseases (P > 0.05). In terms of industry distribution, the mining industry reported the most cases (87 cases, accounting for 77.68%). The private enterprises were more concentrated, accounting for 68 cases, 60.71%. Small and medium-sized enterprises reported the most new cases of occupational diseases, with 107 cases, accounting for 95.54%. There was statistical significance in the new cases of occupational diseases with different industry distribution (P 0.05). Conclusions Occupational pneumoconiosis accounted for the majority of new cases of occupational diseases in Dandong city from 2015 to 2019, indicating that occupational pneumoconiosis is still the focus of occupational disease prevention and control in Dandong City. In the future occupational disease prevention work, we should actively standardize the implementation of the “Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases”, do a good job in the supervision and management of key groups and positions, and effectively protect the health of workers.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1117-1124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015787

ABSTRACT

The "student-centered" flipped classroom teaching model can improve students' academic achievement, improve cognition, and cultivate innovation ability. However, it has obvious deficiencies in the integrity and systematization of knowledge as well as education. The traditional teaching concept based on " teacher-centered" has the unique advantages of systematization of knowledge learning and education. Therefore, we integrated the merits of these two different teaching models and introduced the semi-flipped classroom teaching model into the Biochemistry teaching of 2020 stomatology, pharmacy and preventive medicine majors in Cheeloo Medical College, Shandong University, compared with the traditional teaching of 2019 same majors. The data on the improvement of students ' academic achievement and self-cognition were analyzed. The results showed that the students' achievements of the semi-flipped classroom teaching model were better than those of the traditional teaching (P<0. 01). The students' self-cognitions were significantly improved after the implementation of semi-flipped classroom teaching (P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). This study provides a reference for the related teaching and research work in medical colleges.

19.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 395-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011560

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the potential biomarkers and related enrichment pathways of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) by bioinformatics methods. 【Methods】 The data sets related to DCM in GEO database were searched, and microarray data sets GSE42955 and GSE1869 of human cardiomyocytes were extracted. Then, the differentially expressed genes (DEGS) were analyzed using R language, and the protein-protein interaction network was analyzed to identify the core genes and core modules of differential expression. The gene ontology database (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed. The data sets related to DCM in ArrayExpress database were searched, and the human cardiomyocytes microarray data set E-TABM-480 was extracted to verify the expressions of core genes and modules. 【Results】 We identified 10 DEGS, namely, DZIP3, FBXO32, BTBD6, FBXL5, ASB8, COMMD1, LTN1, FBXO21, RCHY1 and ARIH2, and the core DEG was DZIP3. After GO and KEGG analyses, the GO and KEGG of the above DEGS were mainly related to the ubiquitin-proteasome system. 【Conclusion】 Bioinformatics analysis shows that the ubiquitin-proteasome system plays an important role in the pathogenesis of DCM, and the mechanism remains to be further studied.

20.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 685-690,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907505

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explore the efficacy of pulmonary wedge resection in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and risk factors for postoperative recurrence, and construct a risk prediction model.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 126 NSCLC patients were admitted to Mianyang Central Hospital from June 2018 to June 2020. According to different surgical methods, the patients were divided into pulmonary wedge resection group ( n=88) and lobectomy Group ( n=38). Compare the metastasis rate, recurrence rate, and fatality rate at 1 year after the two kinds of operations; according to the recurrence of the lung wedge resection group, the patients are divided into recurrence group ( n=15) and non-recurrence group ( n=73). The general data and preoperative laboratory examination indexes of the two groups of patients were compared; multivariate Logistic analysis of factors affecting postoperative recurrence of patients; a risk scoring model was constructed and its predictive value was evaluated. Enumeration data was expressed by the number of cases and percentage (%), and the comparison between groups was performed by chi-square test. Multivariate Logisitic regression analysis of factors affecting the recurrence of NSCLC patients at 1 year after pulmonary wedge resection; a risk scoring model was constructed according to risk factors, and X-tile software was used to obtain the cutoff value of the score; a calibration curve was used to evaluate the accuracy of the risk prediction model prediction The clinical decision curve evaluates the effectiveness of model predictions. Results:The surgical margin metastasis rate and mortality of patients in the pulmonary wedge resection group were 0 and 6.82%, and the lobectomy group were 13.16% and 21.05%, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05); The proportion of patients with smoking history, vascular thrombus cancer, lymph node dissection ≤ 15, carcinoembryonic antigen >5 ng/mL, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio>2.5, soluble CD105>4 ng/mL, vascular endothelial growth factor >9 ng/mL and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) > 300 μg/L in recurrent group were significantly higher than those in non-recurrent group. All of them were risk factors for recurrence after wedge pneumonectomy ( P<0.05); the above risk factors were incorporated into the risk scoring model, and weights of 22, 38, 25, 33, 20, 27, 36, and 30 were assigned respectively, and patients were classified as medium according to the cut-off value. Risk patients (≤78 points), high-risk patients (>78 points and ≤162 points), and extremely high-risk patients (>162 points). Conclusions:The effect of thoracoscopic wedge resection in the treatment of NSCLC is significantly better than that of thoracoscopic lobectomy. The construction of a risk scoring model for predicting postoperative recurrence of patients is beneficial to early identification of high-risk groups in clinical practice, and to guide medical staff to adopt personalized treatment and nursing care measures.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL