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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928594

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the optimal maintenance dose of caffeine citrate for preterm infants requiring assisted ventilation and caffeine citrate treatment.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 566 preterm infants (gestational age ≤34 weeks) who were treated and required assisted ventilation and caffeine citrate treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit of 30 tertiary hospitals in Jiangsu Province of China between January 1 and December 31, 2019. The 405 preterm infants receiving high-dose (10 mg/kg per day) caffeine citrate after a loading dose of 20 mg/kg within 24 hours after birth were enrolled as the high-dose group. The 161 preterm infants receiving low-dose (5 mg/kg per day) caffeine citrate were enrolled as the low-dose group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the low-dose group, the high-dose group had significant reductions in the need for high-concentration oxygen during assisted ventilation (P=0.044), the duration of oxygen inhalation after weaning from noninvasive ventilation (P<0.01), total oxygen inhalation time during hospitalization (P<0.01), the proportion of preterm infants requiring noninvasive ventilation again (P<0.01), the rate of use of pulmonary surfactant and budesonide (P<0.05), and the incidence rates of apnea and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.01), but the high-dose group had a significantly increased incidence rate of feeding intolerance (P=0.032). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the body weight change, the incidence rates of retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage or necrotizing enterocolitis, the mortality rate, and the duration of caffeine use (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This pilot multicenter study shows that the high maintenance dose (10 mg/kg per day) is generally beneficial to preterm infants in China and does not increase the incidence rate of common adverse reactions. For the risk of feeding intolerance, further research is needed to eliminate the interference of confounding factors as far as possible.


Subject(s)
Caffeine/therapeutic use , Citrates , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927665

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Neonatal exposure to propofol has been reported to cause neurotoxicity and neurocognitive decline in adulthood; however, the underlying mechanism has not been established.@*Methods@#SD rats were exposed to propofol on postnatal day 7 (PND-7). Double-immunofluorescence staining was used to assess neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). The expression of p-Akt and p27 were measured by western blotting. The Morris water maze, novel object recognition test, and object location test were used to evaluate neurocognitive function 2-month-old rats.@*Results@#Phosphorylation of Akt was inhibited, while p27 expression was enhanced after neonatal exposure to propofol. Propofol also inhibited proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and decreased differentiation to neurons and astroglia. Moreover, the neurocognitive function in 2-month-old rats was weakened. Of significance, intra-hippocampal injection of the Akt activator, SC79, attenuated the inhibition of p-AKT and increase of p27 expression. SC79 also rescued the propofol-induced inhibition of NSC proliferation and differentiation. The propofol-induced neurocognition deficit was also partially reversed by SC79.@*Conclusion@#Taken together, these results suggest that neurogenesis is hindered by neonatal propofol exposure. Specifically, neonatal propofol exposure was shown to suppress the proliferation and differentiation of NSCs by inhibiting Akt/p27 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Hippocampus/metabolism , Neural Stem Cells , Propofol/toxicity , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 798-802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909407

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) score in early identification for sepsis patients of different ages.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. The clinical data of 1 529 patients with suspected infection in emergency department of Changshu No.2 People's Hospital from September 2017 to March 2020 were collected. All patients were assessed for qSOFA score, and the diagnosis and treatment were recorded. Sepsis-3 was defined as the diagnostic criteria for sepsis. All the patients were divided into five groups according to age, youth group (< 45 years old), middle-aged group (45-59 years old), presenile group (60-74 years old), elderly group (75-89 years old), and longevity group (≥90 years old). The patients' examination results, diagnosis and treatment status were collected. The distribution of different scores of qSOFA was analyzed to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of different qSOFA scores for the diagnosis of sepsis in patients with suspected infection of different ages. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to analyze the diagnostic value of qSOFA score for sepsis in patients with suspected infection at different ages.Results:Of 1 529 suspected infection patients, there were 67 patients in youth group, 129 patients in middle-aged group, 465 patients in presenile group, 778 patients in elderly group and 90 patients in longevity group. There were significant differences in lactic acid (Lac), total bilirubin (TBil), creatinine (Cr), qSOFA score and the increased value of SOFA score compared with the basic value (ΔSOFA) among the suspected infection patients at different ages. Among suspected infection patients at different ages, the patients with qSOFA score ≥ 1 were the most, and the proportion of sepsis patients was larger. Further analysis showed that qSOFA score ≥1 had a high diagnostic sensitivity in patients with suspected infection at different ages. In the youth group, the sensitivity was 84.4%, and the specificity was the highest (74.3%). Although qSOFA score ≥ 2 had a high specificity in the diagnosis of sepsis (all > 97%), its sensitivity was very low (all < 44%). In this study, all patients with a qSOFA score of 3 were sepsis, and the positive predictive value of the diagnosis of sepsis in each group was 100%. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of qSOFA score for the diagnosis of sepsis in all suspected infection patients was 0.771 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.747-0.794], when the best cut-off value was 0.5, the sensitivity was 93.4% and the specificity was 45.6%. Among suspected infection patients of all ages, the accuracy of qSOFA score in the diagnosis of sepsis in the youth group and the longevity group was relatively high, with AUC (95% CI) of 0.825 (0.724-0.927) and 0.837 (0.756-0.917), respectively; when the best cut-off value was 0.5, the sensitivity was 84.4% or 92.2%, and the specificity was 74.3% or 56.4%, respectively. Conclusions:qSOFA score has an early diagnosis value for sepsis, especially in the patients aged < 45 years old or ≥ 90 years old. Using qSOFA score ≥2 to screen patients with suspected infection is likely to cause missed diagnosis.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878338

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Exposure to microgravity results in postflight cardiovascular deconditioning in astronauts. Vascular oxidative stress injury and mitochondrial dysfunction have been reported during this process. To elucidate the mechanism for this condition, we investigated whether mitochondrial oxidative stress regulates calcium homeostasis and vasoconstriction in hindlimb unweighted (HU) rat cerebral arteries.@*Methods@#Three-week HU was used to simulate microgravity in rats. The contractile responses to vasoconstrictors, mitochondrial fission/fusion, Ca @*Results@#An increase of cytoplasmic Ca @*Conclusion@#The present results suggest that mitochondrial oxidative stress enhances cerebral vasoconstriction by regulating calcium homeostasis during simulated microgravity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium/metabolism , Cerebral Arteries , Homeostasis , Male , Mitochondria/physiology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/physiology , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vasoconstriction/physiology , Weightlessness Simulation
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865895

ABSTRACT

Through the standardized training and refining, young resident doctors demonstrate their excellent clinical skills and hand over satisfactory outcomes in the combat of COVID-19 epidemic, whose excellent clinical skills have been fostered by the standardized training based on post-competency orientation. However, the higher requirements for standardized training of residents have been put forward after the current epidemic outbreak, especially to strengthen the professional psychological quality education under emergencies; to intensify the knowledge of disaster medicine and emerging infectious diseases, and to standardize the awareness and ability of disinfection and protection. In conclusion, taking the epidemic as the guideline, the improvement of the content of standardized training for residents should be reached from the aspects of improving the medical humanities education and further enhancing the post competence of residents and their ability to deal with public health emergencies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862702

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To investigate the feasibility of near-infrared spectroscopy for detecting the coating film thickness of Tianshu tablets. <b>Method::Nine batches of Tianshu tablets were taken during the coating process. Then, their near-infrared diffuse reflection spectra were collected. The sample set was divided into calibration set and validation set by Kennard-Stone algorithm. The preprocessing method was selected. The synergy interval partial least squares (siPLS) and moving window partial least squares (mwPLS) were employed to screen the optimal spectral interval. And the corresponding quantitative calibration model of partial least squares (PLS) were established. Some evaluation parameters were adopted to assess the performance of the model. <b>Result::The method of first derivative and Norris Derivative smoothing combined with standard normal variate transformation was suitable for processing the spectra. The optimal PLS model was established in the preferred band interval of siPLS. The correlation coefficient between the predicted value and the measured value of calibration set was 0.966, and the correlation coefficient between the predicted value and the measured value of validation set was 0.991.Both root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) values were small, which showed the fitness and predictive performance of the model were favorable. <b>Conclusion::The near-infrared spectroscopy technique can be used to determine coating film thickness of Tianshu tablets with high accuracy, which provides technical supports for the in-line determination of coating thickness in the production process of traditional Chinese medicine tablets.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 201-205, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799719

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the predictive values of routine blood test results for iron deficiency (ID) screening in children.@*Methods@#Routine blood test results and serum ferritin (SF) levels from 1 443 healthy children (862 boys, 581 girls) aged 6 months to 18 years, who were seen for well-child visits between June 2017 and May 2019 in Children′s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, were retrospectively analyzed. ID was defined as SF<20 μg/L, iron deficiency anemia (IDA) as ID with anemia (hemoglobin(Hb)<110 g/L at 6 months-5 years of age, Hb<120 g/L at 6-18 years of age), non-anemia ID as ID without anemia, non-ID anemia as SF≥20 μg/L with anemia, and healthy control subjects as those with SF≥20 μg/L but without anemia. The blood test results including Hb, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), red blood cell distribution width (RDW), and the percentage of low hemoglobin density (LHD) of healthy control, non-anemia ID, non-ID anemia, and IDA groups were compared by analysis of variance (ANOVA) or non-parametric test, quantitative data were described as ±s or M(interquartile range), and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was applied to assess predictive values of routine blood test results and LHD for detecting IDA and ID.@*Results@#Among 1 443 children with median age of 2.1(3.3) years, 1 061 children were in healthy control group, 292 in non-anemia ID group, 43 in non-ID anemia group and 47 in IDA group. The prevalence of ID was much higher than that of anemia (23.5% (339/1 443) vs. 6.2% (90/1 443) , χ2=169.76, P<0.01). Compared with control group, non-anemia ID group showed higher LHD (0.088 (0.093) vs.0.073 (0.068), P<0.01) and RDW (0.131±0.013 vs. 0.126±0.008, P<0.01), lower MCV ((80±4) vs. (83±4) fl, P<0.01) and MCHC values ((326±9) vs. (329±8) g/L, P<0.01). IDA group showed higher LHD (0.322(0.544)) and RDW (0.151±0.018), lower MCV ((73±6) fl) and MCHC values((309±14) g/L) than non-anemia ID group (all P<0.01). The area under curve (AUC) values of MCHC, LHD, RDW and MCV for detecting ID were 0.63 (95%CI: 0.60-0.67), 0.63 (95%CI:0.60-0.67), 0.67 (95%CI: 0.63-0.70) and 0.73 (95%CI: 0.69-0.76) respectively. With cutoff limits (MCV<80.2 fl, RDW>0.131 or MCHC<322 g/L), MCV, RDW and MCHC showed higher sensitivity for screening ID than hemoglobin (0.540, 0.469 and 0.336 vs. 0.139, χ2=121.70, 87.47, 35.56, all P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#MCV, RDW and MCHC can be used to screen ID in primary health care settings.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817935

ABSTRACT

Birth weight is an important index for assessing intrauterine nutritional environment and outcome of birth. There are more than 1 000 000 neonates born with low birth weight in China every year. Furthermore,the rate of macrosomia is increasing. A lot of researches on birth weight have found that low birth weight or macrosomia is not only associated with newborn or infant mortality and morbidity,but also related to poorer physical growth,neurodevelopment,and increasing risk of chronic metabolic and cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. In this article,we reviewed the latest studies of epidemiological characteristics and pathogenesis of low birth weight and macrosomia,as well as its effects and mechanisms on neurocognitive development,metabolic disease and cardiovascular disease. It may be beneficial to the health and development of lifetime to have a proper recognition of birth weight,prevent the risk factors associated with inappropriate birth weight and monitor and optimize growth and development after birth.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 422-426, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805004

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To characterize the relations between the practice of parenting and associated factors on children (0-5 years old) in urban areas of China, in order to provide evidence for promoting the early development of children and to provide positive guidance and service programs on parenting.@*Methods@#A total of 4 515 parents from 15 cities (14 provinces) were surveyed with a self-administered questionnaire. Parenting and Family Adjustment Scales (PAFAS) was used, including parameters as: consistency and coercive parenting, positive encouragement, parent-child relationship and parental emotion adjustment, family relationship and parental teamwork aspects, etc. Both single factor analysis and multiple linear regression were used to examine the associations between parenting practice, individual, parental and family factors.@*Results@#The mean score of PAFAS was 21.00 (15.00-28.00), associated with factors as children’s age, only-child family, premature delivery, father’s education level, confidence on parenting, problems regarding the parental mood, annual family income, family structure and behavior on seeking professional help, etc. Results showed that there were big differences on the practice of parenting in China and influenced by variety of factors.@*Conclusions@#The general situation of parenting was well, in the urban areas of China. The practice of parenting was associated with a series of individual, parental and family factors. Programs on improving the parenting skills and promoting the early development of children, should be highlighted.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665326

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation of disease activity with the primary syndromes of deficiency and excess types of lupus nephritis(LN). Methods A retrospective study was carried out in 134 LN patients,and the LN patients were differentiated into deficiency syndrome(deficiency group)and excess syndrome(excess group). The disease activity related indicators of systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index(SLEDAI)scores, complements, inflammation indexes, and urine indicators were compared between the two groups. Results Of the 134 LN patients,33 cases were differentiated into excess syndrome,and 101 cases were differentiated into deficiency syndrome. According to the SLEDAI scores, 9.09% of the patients in excess group were inactive, 4.95% of the patients in deficiency group were inactive, and most of the patients in the two groups were at severe active stage. There was no significant difference of SLEDAI scores between the two groups(P>0.05) . The differences of complement C3 and C4 , inflammation indexes of C-reactive protein(CRP)and erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR),urine protein,and urine occult blood were also insignificant between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion There is no correlation between deficiency-excess syndrome differentiation and disease activity of LN. Most of the LN patients with deficiency syndrome are at active stage,but not at remission stage.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1668-1678, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687653

ABSTRACT

To establish a simple, quick and effective method to get a large amount of spider toxin JZTX-26 (35 aa) and JZTX-51 (27 aa) with 3 disulfide bonds each, the mature peptides coding gene fragments were constructed and fused with maltose-binding protein (MBP) tag in an Escherichia coli expression vector pMAL-p2x. The recombinant constructs pMAL-jz26 and pMAL-jz51 were transformed and cultured in E. coli TB1 and BL21 (DE3). After being induced by isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactoside (IPTG), the periplasmic proteins were purified by amylose affinity chromatography and analyzed by SDS-PAGE. The fusion proteins were digested with factor X, and purified by Sizes-Exclusion chromatography and Reversed Phase HPLC. Molecular weights of the purified peptides were obtained by using a MALDI-TOF-TOF mass spectrometer, which were consistent with the theoretical molecular weights. Five milligram of target protein could be purified from 1 L of culture medium. The results indicate that the peptides with three disulfide bonds can be expressed by using the prokaryotic expression system with MBP tag. Our findings suggest the possibility of genetic engineering to obtain large amount of spider peptide toxins.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665331

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The posterior anatomical locking plate has obtained excellent fixing performance in the treatment of complex fractures of the distal tibia; however, there are many drawbacks such as nail and plate broken, and the related rules are never reported. OBJECTIVE: To establish a finite element model of posterior anatomical locking plate for distal tibia and to provide references for its design and improvement. METHODS: The imaging data of a male patient aged 34 years old (body mass: 68 kg) with fracture on the left distal tibia were imported into Mimics16.01 software, and the proposed reconstruction parts were determined based on the default threshold of the software. The files were imported into the Ansys11.0 software, the distal tibial surface was fixed, and a force of 340 N was vertically loaded on the supine surface of the horizontal section of the large tibial shaft. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There was completely connected with the stepped surface of nut and screw thread portion in locking steel plate. The strain on the plate depended on the stress values. The posterior anatomical locking plate for distal tibia was more favorable for the fixation at the fracture site and could reduce the fixed plate and screws loosening, both of which could affect the fixed efficacy.

13.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1999-2003, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660602

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the effects of Yizhi Congming Decoction (Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Poria,Polygoni multiflori Radix praeparata,etc.) on learning and memory deficits through reducing tau hyperphosphorylation in Aβ-induced AD mice and its mechanism of action.METHODS Sixty ICR mice were randomly and equally assigned into six groups.Sham group (injection of 3 μL normal saline into left hippocampus),model group,donepezil group and each group of Yizhi Congming Decoction (injection of 3 μL Aβ25-35 into left hippocampus).Donepezil group and three treatment groups were gavaged with donepezil and Yizhi Congming Decoction.After 15 days of administration,immunohistochemistry was used to observe the expressions of Ser404 and Thr231.Western blot was performed to evaluate the levels of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K),threonine/serine protein kinase B (AKT) and glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β).RESULTS Yizhi Congming Decoction attenuated the levels of phosphorylated tau at the Thr231 and Ser404 sites in the hippocampus and increased the phosphorylation levels of PI3K,AKT and GSK3β.CONCLUSION Yizhi Congming Decoction effectively provides protection against learning and memory deficits and inhibits hyperphosphorylated tau protein expression in the hippocampus.The possible mechanism may occur via the PI3 K/Akt-dependent GSK3 β signalling pathway.

14.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1999-2003, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657978

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the effects of Yizhi Congming Decoction (Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Poria,Polygoni multiflori Radix praeparata,etc.) on learning and memory deficits through reducing tau hyperphosphorylation in Aβ-induced AD mice and its mechanism of action.METHODS Sixty ICR mice were randomly and equally assigned into six groups.Sham group (injection of 3 μL normal saline into left hippocampus),model group,donepezil group and each group of Yizhi Congming Decoction (injection of 3 μL Aβ25-35 into left hippocampus).Donepezil group and three treatment groups were gavaged with donepezil and Yizhi Congming Decoction.After 15 days of administration,immunohistochemistry was used to observe the expressions of Ser404 and Thr231.Western blot was performed to evaluate the levels of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K),threonine/serine protein kinase B (AKT) and glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β).RESULTS Yizhi Congming Decoction attenuated the levels of phosphorylated tau at the Thr231 and Ser404 sites in the hippocampus and increased the phosphorylation levels of PI3K,AKT and GSK3β.CONCLUSION Yizhi Congming Decoction effectively provides protection against learning and memory deficits and inhibits hyperphosphorylated tau protein expression in the hippocampus.The possible mechanism may occur via the PI3 K/Akt-dependent GSK3 β signalling pathway.

15.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 561-565, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612380

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the association of staphylococcal nuclease domain-containing protein 1(SND1) and T-cell intracellular antigen 1(TIA-1) on stress granules, and the regulation of SND1 on stress granules under stress stimuli. Methods The immunofluorescence assay and laser scanning confocal microscopy were used to observe the co-localization of SND1 protein and TIA-1 protein under stress stimuli, and the over-expression plasmids of pEGFP vector were transfected into HeLa cells and to verify which domain of SND1 co-localized with TIA-1 under stress stimuli. RNA interference-mediated knockdown of the expression of SND1 protein in HeLa cells was measured by Western Blotting assay. Then whether the knockdown of SND1 affected the recruitment of TIA-1 on stress granules was observed. Heat shocks under different times were used to identify whether there were dynamic changes in transportation of SND1 and TIA-1 on stress granules. Results SND1 co-localized with TIA-1 on stress granules under stress stimuli, and the associated domain of SND1 were SN domain. TIA-1 still can be recruited on stress granules but a large amount of stress granules were reduced even though the expression of SND1 protein was decreased. And the transportation of SND1 on stress granules was laged behind TIA-1 under different-times of heat shocks. Conclusion SND1 protein co-localizes with TIA-1 on stress granules, and which co-regulates the cellular stress response under stress stimuli.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3553-3556, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the dry granulation technology conditions for Yinqiao baidu tablet. METHODS:Using granulating difficulty degree and disintegration time as investigation indexes,ratio and amount of accessories microcrystalline cellu-lose and compressible starch in Yinqiao baidu tablet,moisture content of the sprayed powder were screened. Using yield of particle and angle of repose as indexes,L9(34)orthogonal test was used to optimize the wheel pressure,rotating speed and feeding speed in dry granulation technology,and verification test was conducted. RESULTS:The ratio of microcrystalline cellulose and compress-ible starch was 7:3,and mixing ratio of the two with spray powder+inclusion compound was 1:5. The moisture content of spray powder was controlled in 1%-2%. The optimal technology was as follow as wheel pressure of 3.5 MPa,roller speed of 4 r/min and feeding speed of 10 r/min. In verification test,average yield of particle was 69.2% and angle of repose was 31.5 °. Transfer rate of chlorogenic acid had reached over 92%,and RSD of each index was below 2.53%(n=3). CONCLUSIONS:Each index of parti-cle prepared by optimized accessories formulation and technology shows good reproducibility and feasibility,and the technology is stable and suitable for production.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605989

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the capability of parasitic disease control and prevention among professional and tech?nical personnel in medical and health institutions in Wuxi City,so as to provide the evidence for promoting relative capability building. Methods Forty?one professional and technical persons from 22 medical and health institutions received the evalua?tion through the theoretical knowledge exam and laboratory operation skill assessment. Results The average score of theoretical knowledge exam was(76.5±15.6)with the pass rate of 80.5%and excellent rate of 48.9%. The average score,pass rate and ex?cellent rate for Plasmodium blood slide making were(7.3 ± 1.5),87.8%and 41.5%respectively,the average score,pass rate and excellent rate for Plasmodium blood slide reading were(14.0 ± 7.2),31.7% and 12.2% respectively;the average score, pass rate and excellent rate for helminthes microscope examination were(19.4 ± 10.4),24.4%and 0 respectively;the average score,pass rate and excellent rate for Oncomelania hupensis snail identification were(8.6±1.1),95.1%and 73.2%respectively. The average scores of helminthes microscope examination and Oncomelania hupensis snail identification were higher in the par?ticipants with middle?level professional title or above than in the participants with primary level professional title (both P <0.05). The average scores of theoretical knowledge exam,Plasmodium blood slide reading and helminthes microscope examina?tion were higher in the participants from disease control and prevention institutions than in the staff who came from medical insti?tutions(all P<0.05). Conclusions The professional and technical personnel in medical and health institutions in Wuxi do bet?ter in theoretical knowledge,Plasmodium blood slide making and Oncomelania hupensis snail identification. However,the capa?bility of parasite microscope examination is urgently needed to be improved in the future.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617564

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare a silver sulfadiazine(AgSD)-nanocrystal loaded hydrogel with gelatin as the main raw mate-rial,genipin as crosslinker,and test its physicochemical property and drug release characteristics. Methods AgSD-nanocrystal was prepared by ball milling,the particle size and polydispersity index were determined,the solubility was studied by an ultra perfor-mance liquid chromatography(UPLC)method and the microstructure was observed with transmission electron microscope(TEM);drug loaded gelatin hydrogel in different crosslinking degrees were prepared,the dissolution rate was studied in the same way as AgSD-nanocrystal and the possible dissolution mechanism was analyzed by fitting curves;the microstructure was observed by scanning elec-tron microscope(SEM). After 6 weeks,with the same method,all the above mentioned properties of drug loaded hydrogel and AgSD-nanocrystal suspension were determined repeatedly,and at the same time their stability was tested. Results After nanocrystalliza-tion,the polydispersity index of AgSD was 0.211,the mean particle size was about 267.8 nm,the dissolution rate greatly increased within 6 hours compared with that of AgSD bulk powder. There was a negative correlation between dissolution rate and crosslinking de-gree,and the nanoparticle gel's curve was higher than that of the bulk. In terms of stability,AgSD-nanocrystal in hydrogel was almost in the original state in SEM,while those in suspention had an increasing particle size and decreasing dissolution rate. Conclusion The stability and dissolution of the new drug loaded hydrogel are good,and its data can be used as reference for relevant study.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617562

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare a gelatin hydrogel crosslinked by genipin and loaded with silver sulfadiazine(AgSD) nanoparticles,and test its in vitro anti-bacterial activities and in vivo wound healing enhancing properties. Methods The suspension of AgSD nanoparticles and coarse powder,hydrogels loaded with AgSD nanoparticles and coarse powder were prepared,respectively, and blank gels were used as control. The diameters of inhibition zone of sensitive bacteria were measured;The biocompatibility to L929 cells was studied by MTT method and relative growth rates of the cells were determined. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)and minimum bactericidal concentration(MBC)of 3 sensitive bacteria were tested;DeepⅡdegree scald co-aureus infection mice model was established and the healing index of treatment by drug-loaded hydrogel dressing was calculated within 3 weeks. The collagen deposition was studied after sirius red staining and pathological manifestations were observed after HE staining. Results Compared with AgSD coarse powder,the antibacterial property of AgSD nanoparticles obviously improved in inhibition zone and MIC, MBC experiments. Better biocompatibility and antibacterial property were revealed for AgSD nanoparticles gel group compared with AgSD cream group in MTT assay and inhibition zone studies;Healing index increased significantly since the second week in AgSD nanoparticles gel group compared with staph group,AgSD cream group and AgSD coarse powder gel group in wound-healing experi-ment(P<0.05). Compared with those control groups,nanocrystal gel group had more content of typeⅠcollagen and total collagen, and higher pathology scores(P<0.05). Conclusion AgSD nanocrystal loaded gelatin hydrogel has good antibacterial activity in vitro and high quality healing enhancing property in vivo.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615586

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the capabilities of Plasmodium microscopic examinations of professional staff in medi-cal institutions in Wuxi City,so as to provide evidences for improving malaria control and elimination work in the future. Meth-ods The data of questionnaires for laboratorial staff in charge of Plasmodium microscopic examinations were collected and ana-lyzed in the medical institutions in Wuxi City in 2016,and the influencing factors related to the capabilities of Plasmodium mi-croscopic examinations were analyzed by the method of logistic regression. Results Totally 54 laboratorial workers in 54 medi-cal institutions in Wuxi City were investigated,16 of them were male,and 38 were female,and the ratio of male to female was 0.42:1. Among the 54 laboratorial workers,12 persons(22.22%)had the experience of detecting Plasmodium in the work. The multivariable analysis showed the ability to detect Plasmodium was associated with male laboratorial workers(adjusted OR =0.11,95%CI:0.02-0.53),laboratorial workers with intermediate or higher professional titles(adjusted OR=5.31,95%CI:1.04-27.19)and laboratorial workers from county and township medical institutions(adjusted OR=0.04,95%CI:0.01-0.98). Conclusions All of the medical institutions in Wuxi City have the capability of microscopic examinations of Plasmodium. How-ever,the ability of laboratorial staff in primary hospitals still should be improved.

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